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Gastrointestinal mesenchymal neoplasm

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900093/primary-gastrointestinal-stromal-tumour-of-the-ileum-pre-operatively-diagnosed-as-an-abdominal-abscess
#1
Patrizia Rubini, Francesco Tartamella
The present case report described the acute presentation, diagnosis and management of a primary gastrointestinal stromal tumour (GIST) of the ileum. A male patient (age, 51 years) was admitted to Maggiore Hospital (Parma, Italy) due to presenting with fever, dysuria and lower abdominal pain. Ultrasonography and computed tomography showed a 7,5×5,5-cm pelvic mass containing air and purulent fluid indicative of an intraperitoneal abscess. The patient was subjected to diagnostic laparoscopy, which revealed a huge, soft cystic mass arising from the small bowel...
November 2016: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896638/seom-clinical-guideline-for-gastrointestinal-sarcomas-gist-2016
#2
A Poveda, V Martinez, C Serrano, I Sevilla, M J Lecumberri, R D de Beveridge, A Estival, D Vicente, J Rubió, J Martin-Broto
Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) are the most common mesenchymal neoplasms of the digestive tract, and this disease has served as a paradigmatic model for successful rational development of targeted therapies. The introduction of tyrosine kinase inhibitors with activity against KIT/PDGFRA in both localized and advanced stages has remarkably improved the survival in a disease formerly deemed resistant to all systemic therapies. The Spanish Society of Medical Oncology (SEOM) guidelines provide a multidisciplinary and updated consensus for the diagnosis and treatment of GIST patients...
December 2016: Clinical & Translational Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887020/gastric-glomus-tumor
#3
Alexandria Papadelis, Collin J Brooks, Renato G Albaran
Gastric glomus tumors are rare, mesenchymal neoplasms, generally described as benign and account for nearly 1% of all gastrointestinal soft tissue tumors. The most common gastrointestinal site of involvement is the stomach, particularly the antrum. Gastric glomus tumors are submucosal tumors that lack specific clinical and endoscopic characteristics, and are often mistaken for the more common gastrointestinal stromal tumors. A 62-year-old Caucasian female presented with shortness of breath and a persistent cough...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869179/interleukins-17-and-23-in-patients-with-gastric-neoplasms
#4
Wojciech Błogowski, Anna Madej-Michniewicz, Natalia Marczuk, Barbara Dołęgowska, Teresa Starzyńska
Recently there has been heightened interest in the potential significance of interleukin (IL)-17 and IL-23 in the development/progression of human malignancies. Here, we analyzed the systemic levels of these cytokines in 75 patients with different types of gastric neoplasms (carcinoma, gastrointestinal stromal tumors, neuroendocrine neoplasms, and lymphomas) and 42 healthy volunteers. We found that patients with all types of gastric neoplasms have significantly lower IL-23 levels. However, in comparison to the levels in healthy individuals, IL-17 concentrations were lower only in patients with types of gastric neoplasms other than carcinoma...
November 21, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846844/a-rare-case-with-synchronous-gastric-gastrointestinal-stromal-tumor-pancreatic-neuroendocrine-tumor-and-uterine-leiomyoma
#5
Elena Arabadzhieva, Atanas Yonkov, Sasho Bonev, Dimitar Bulanov, Ivanka Taneva, Alexandrina Vlahova, Tihomir Dikov, Violeta Dimitrova
BACKGROUND: Although gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) are the most common mesenchymal tumors of the gastrointestinal tract, they comprise less than 1% of all gastrointestinal tumors. Neuroendocrine tumors (NET) of the gastro-enteropancreatic system are also rare, representing about 2% of all gastrointestinal neoplasms. Pancreatic localization of NET is extremely uncommon-these tumors are only 1-5% of all pancreatic cancers. CASE PRESENTATION: We describe an unusual case with triple tumor localization-a gastric tumor, a formation in the pancreas, which involves the retroperitoneal space, and a uterine leiomyoma...
November 15, 2016: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844452/urgency-surgical-treatment-for-duodenal-gists-analysis-of-aged-patients-and-review-of-the-literature
#6
Carlo Boselli, Roberto Cirocchi, Alessandro Gemini, Francesco Barberini, Veronica Grassi, Stefano Avenia, Andrea Polistena, Alessandro Sanguinetti, Daniele Pironi, Alberto Santoro, Renata Tabola, Nicola Avenia
INTRODUCTION: Gastrointestinal stromal tumours (GISTs) are the most common mesenchymal neoplasms (85%) of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract; duodenal GISTs constitute 3-5% of all GISTs and represent 10-30% of all malignant tumours of the duodenum. Rarely, patients present severe bowel obstruction, perforation or severe bleeding. The radical resection with complete removal of the tumour remains the main therapeutic approach. We performed a local resection in patients with suspected GIST admitted for emergency treatment for GI bleeding...
November 14, 2016: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817254/cytohistological-and-immunohistochemical-characteristics-of-spindle-shaped-mesenchymal-neoplasms-occurring-in-the-gastrointestinal-tract
#7
Antonio Ieni, Valeria Barresi, Luca Reggiani Bonetti, Giovanni Branca, Rosario Alberto Caruso, Giovanni Tuccari
The purpose of the present review is to analyze the cytohistological and immunohistochemical characteristics of spindle-shaped mesenchymal gastrointestinal neoplams (MGNs), a group of unusual neoplastic conditions with different biological behavior. These tumors exhibit clinical pictures strictly related to the site of origin and dimensions, even if they appear generally with an intramural localization. This latter point may suggest an useful application of endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration (EUS-FNA), mainly followed by the cell-block procedure (CBP) in the differential diagnostic approach...
November 6, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788385/laparoscopic-resection-of-a-gastric-schwannoma-a-case-report
#8
Edgar Vargas Flores, Francisco Bevia Pérez, Pablo Ramirez Mendoza, José Arturo Velázquez García, Oscar Alejandro Ortega Román
INTRODUCTION: Mesenchymal tumors of the gastrointestinal tract are a group spindle cell tumors which include gastrointestinal stromal tumors, leiomyomas, leiomyosarcomas and schwannomas (Nishida and Hirota, 2000). Schwannomas generally present as a slow and asymptomatic growing mass in the gastrointestinal tract typically arising in the gastric submucosa accounting for up to 0.2% of gastric tumors (Melvin and Wilkinson, 1993; Sarlomo-Rikala M, Miettinen, 1995). TREATMENT: with negative surgical margin resection (as approached in this case) is considered the standard treatment...
October 20, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27698892/atypical-presentation-of-a-gastric-stromal-tumor-masquerading-as-a-giant-intraabdominal-cyst-a-case-report
#9
Ke-Kang Sun, Song Xu, Jinzhen Chen, Gang Liu, Xiaojun Shen, Xiaoyang Wu
Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) are mesenchymal neoplasms that arise in the gastrointestinal tract, accounting for ~1% of gastric malignancies. The present study reports the case of a GIST of the stomach in a 75-year-old man who presented with abdominal distension and anorexia for 1 month. Gastroscopy was unremarkable. Ultrasound and computed tomography (CT) scans showed a giant intraabdominal cystic lesion of unknown origin. The lesion was initially believed to be a duplication cyst, a pancreatic pseudocyst or a liver cyst in the pre-operative diagnosis...
October 2016: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27689519/gastric-gist-or-gastric-schwannoma-a-diagnostic-dilemma-in-a-young-female
#10
Sudhir Kumar Mohanty, Kumarmani Jena, Tanmaya Mahapatra, Jyoti Ranjan Dash, Dibyasingh Meher, Ajax John, Manjushree Nayak, Shafqat Bano
INTRODUCTION: Gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) is the commonest mesenchymal tumor of GI tract and 60-70% of it seen in the stomach, whereas Gastric schwannoma is a benign, slow growing and one of the rare neoplasms of stomach. Age distribution, clinical, radiological features and gross appearance of both tumors are similar. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We report a rare case of gastric schwannoma in a 20-year-old girl, who underwent subtotal gastrectomy with the suspicion of a GIST preoperatively but later confirmed to be gastric schwannoma postoperatively after immunohistochemical study...
September 22, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27633918/an-inhibitor-of-the-acetyltransferases-cbp-p300-exerts-antineoplastic-effects-on-gastrointestinal-stromal-tumor-cells
#11
Meng-Li Gu, Ya-Mei Wang, Xin-Xin Zhou, Hang-Ping Yao, Song Zheng, Zun Xiang, Feng Ji
Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) are the most common mesenchymal neoplasm featured by activated mutations of KIT and PDGFRA. Although overall survival rates have greatly improved by the development of receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitors, most patients ultimately acquire resistance due to secondary mutations of KIT or PDGFRA. Inhibition of the histone acetyltransferases (HATs) CREB‑binding protein (CBP) and p300 results in antineoplastic effects in various cancers. To determine whether CBP/p300 can serve as an antineoplastic target for GISTs, specific short interfering RNA sequences and the selective HAT inhibitor C646 were administered to GIST882 cells...
September 12, 2016: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27542598/intrahepatic-peribiliary-perivascular-epithelioid-cell-tumor-pecoma-associated-with-heterotopic-pancreas-a-case-report
#12
Yuka Kiriyama, Tetsuya Tsukamoto, Yoshikazu Mizoguchi, Shin Ishihara, Akihiko Horiguchi, Takamasa Tokoro, Yutaro Kato, Atsushi Sugioka, Makoto Kuroda
BACKGROUND: Perivascular epithelioid-cell tumor (PEComa) is a group of rare mesenchymal neoplasms that express myomelanocytic-cell markers and exhibit a wide variety of histopathological features. Although heterotopic pancreas has been reported to occur in the gastrointestinal tract, intrahepatic heterotopic pancreas has been reported only rarely. CASE PRESENTATION: We present a case of intrahepatic PEComa that showed a strong regional correlation with the presence of heterotopic pancreas...
2016: Diagnostic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27523972/molecular-pathogenesis-and-diagnostic-prognostic-and-predictive-molecular-markers-in-sarcoma
#13
REVIEW
Adrián Mariño-Enríquez, Judith V M G Bovée
Sarcomas are infrequent mesenchymal neoplasms characterized by notable morphological and molecular heterogeneity. Molecular studies in sarcoma provide refinements to morphologic classification, and contribute diagnostic information (frequently), prognostic stratification (rarely) and predict therapeutic response (occasionally). Herein, we summarize the major molecular mechanisms underlying sarcoma pathogenesis and present clinically useful diagnostic, prognostic and predictive molecular markers for sarcoma...
September 2016: Surgical Pathology Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27506146/ccbe1-promotes-gist-development-through-enhancing-angiogenesis-and-mediating-resistance-to-imatinib
#14
Guang-Ang Tian, Chun-Chao Zhu, Xiao-Xin Zhang, Lei Zhu, Xiao-Mei Yang, Shu-Heng Jiang, Rong-Kun Li, Lin Tu, Yang Wang, Chun Zhuang, Ping He, Qing Li, Xiao-Yan Cao, Hui Cao, Zhi-Gang Zhang
Gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) is the most major mesenchymal neoplasm of the digestive tract. Up to now, imatinib mesylate has been used as a standard first-line treatment for irresectable and metastasized GIST patients or adjuvant treatment for advanced GIST patients who received surgical resection. However, secondary resistance to imatinib usually happens, resulting in a major obstacle in GIST successful therapy. In this study, we first found that collagen and calcium binding EGF domains 1 (CCBE1) expression gradually elevated along with the risk degree of NIH classification, and poor prognosis emerged in the CCBE1-positive patients...
2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27488616/-mesenchymal-tumors-of-the-mediastinum
#15
R J Rieker, A Marx, A Agaimy, P Ströbel
Mesenchymal neoplasms of the thymus and mediastinum account for only 2 % of neoplasms of the mediastinum and are therefore very rare. With very few exceptions the histology, immunohistochemistry and (based on current knowledge) molecular biology of mediastinal soft tissue tumors are not different from their counterparts in other organs. Characteristic features are more concerned with clinical epidemiological and therapeutic aspects as well as the multitude of possible differential diagnoses. With the exception of organ-specific tumors, such as gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST), virtually all entities encountered in peripheral soft tissues can also arise in the mediastinum...
September 2016: Der Pathologe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27461055/gastrointestinal-stromal-tumors-in-kidney-transplant-recipients-report-of-two-cases-and-literature-review
#16
Chi Yuen Cheung, Stanley Hok King Lo, Ching Kit Chan, Fu Keung Li, Ignatius Kum Po Cheng, Ka Foon Chau
Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) are the most common primary mesenchymal gastrointestinal neoplasms. However, GISTs occurring in kidney transplant recipients, including their treatment and outcome, are rarely described in literature. We hereby report two kidney transplant recipients with GISTs. Our first patient was diagnosed with high-risk epithelioid gastric GIST 2 years after kidney transplant. He received everolimus after resection and remained disease-free for 2 years before liver metastasis was confirmed...
July 27, 2016: Asia-Pacific Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27437068/syndromic-gastrointestinal-stromal-tumors
#17
REVIEW
Riccardo Ricci
Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) are the most common mesenchymal neoplasms of gastrointestinal tract. They feature heterogeneous triggering mechanisms, implying relevant clinical differences. The vast majority of GISTs are sporadic tumors. Rarely, however, GIST-prone syndromes occur, mostly depending on heritable GIST predisposing molecular defects involving the entire organism. These conditions need to be properly identified in order to plan appropriate diagnostic, prognostic and therapeutic procedures...
2016: Hereditary Cancer in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27427238/-wild-type-gist-clinicopathological-features-and-clinical-practice
#18
REVIEW
Ryuichi Wada, Hiroki Arai, Shoko Kure, Wei-Xia Peng, Zenya Naito
Gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) is a mesenchymal tumor of the gastrointestinal tract. Mutation of KIT and PDGFRA genes is implicated in the tumorigenesis. Approximately 10% of GISTs do not harbor mutation of these genes, and they are designated as "wild type" GIST. They are classified into succinate dehydrogenase (SDH)-deficient and non-SDH-deficient groups. SDH-deficient group includes Carney triad and Carney Stratakis syndrome. The patients are young women. Tumors occur in the antrum of the stomach, and tumor cells are epithelioid...
August 2016: Pathology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27422468/interstitial-cells-of-cajal-in-deep-esophageal-leiomyoma-immunohistochemical-mimics-of-gastrointestinal-stromal-tumor
#19
Magnus Hallin, Satvinder Mudan, Khin Thway
Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) are potentially aggressive mesenchymal neoplasms with spindle cell, epithelioid, or mixed morphology. They typically express CD117, DOG1, and CD34 and can be diffusely and strongly positive for h-caldesmon. Leiomyomas are benign smooth muscle neoplasms that can arise in a variety of visceral and soft tissue sites, including the gastrointestinal tract. We illustrate a case of a neoplasm of the gastroesophageal junction that was clinically suspected to be a GIST. Histology showed a tumor composed of ovoid and spindle cells arranged in short intersecting fascicles, which was positive for desmin, smooth muscle actin, and h-caldesmon, with a prominent interspersed subpopulation of CD117- and DOG1-positive elongated or dendritic-like cells...
July 15, 2016: International Journal of Surgical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27284541/incidental-gastric-glomus-tumor-after-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy
#20
Mehmet Tahir Oruç, Tuğrul Çakir, Arif Aslaner, Sema Çekiç, Alkan Sakar, Erdem Can Yardimci
Gastric glomus tumors (GGTs) are unusual benign, subepithelial, mesenchymal neoplasms of modified smooth muscle cells representing a neoplastic counterpart of glomus bodies. A 38-year-old woman was admitted to our clinic presenting morbid obesity. Routine preoperative evaluations, such as laboratory analysis, abdominal ultrasonography, and upper gastrointestinal endoscopy, were performed. She underwent a classical laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG). The postoperative course was uneventful and she was discharged for outpatient control...
January 2016: Autopsy & case reports
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