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Allergic proctocolitis

Mieczysława Czerwionka-Szaflarska, Ewa Łoś-Rycharska, Julia Gawryjołek
The gastrointestinal form of food allergy is very common in children. The most frequently observed types are allergic proctitis and proctocolitis. In most cases the symptoms subside within the first 2 months of life. The babies seem healthy, and the only abnormality is a small amount of blood in stool. Symptoms can also include small intestine inflammation and colitis. Patients may present with irritability, abdominal pain, flatulence, colic, postprandial vomiting, chronic diarrhoea, and hindered physical development...
2017: Przegla̜d Gastroenterologiczny
Matthew Greenhawt, J Andrew Bird, Anna H Nowak-Węgrzyn
BACKGROUND: Food protein-induced enterocolitis syndrome (FPIES) is a non-IgE-mediated food allergy. OBJECTIVE: To better understand provider-level variation in FPIES knowledge and management. METHODS: A 23-question online survey was administered to AAAAI members during the spring and summer of 2014. RESULTS: Among 470 respondents, 64% reported "full understanding" of FPIES diagnosis/management; 78.8% reported managing 1 or more patient with FPIES; and 80...
March 8, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
S B Erdem, H T Nacaroglu, S Karaman, C B Erdur, C U Karkıner, D Can
BACKGROUND: Food protein-induced allergic proctocolitis (FPIAP) is characterised by inflammation of the distal colon in response to one or more food proteins. It is a benign condition of bloody stools in a well-appearing infant, with usual onset between one and four weeks of age. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to examine the clinical properties of patients with FPIAP, tolerance development time as well as the risk factors that affect tolerance development. METHODS: The clinical symptoms, offending factors, laboratory findings, methods used in the diagnosis and tolerance development for 77 patients followed in the Paediatric Allergy and Gastroenterology Clinics with the diagnosis of FPIAP during January 2010-January 2015 were examined in our retrospective cross-sectional study...
May 2017: Allergologia et Immunopathologia
Ebru Arik Yilmaz, Ozge Soyer, Ozlem Cavkaytar, Betul Karaatmaca, Betul Buyuktiryaki, Umit M Sahiner, Bulent E Sekerel, Cansin Sackesen
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to determine and compare the clinical and laboratory features of food protein-induced enterocolitis syndrome (FPIES) and food protein-induced allergic proctocolitis (FPIAP), and to provide information about the short-term prognoses. METHOD: Children diagnosed with FPIES or FPIAP between 2010 and 2015 were enrolled in this study. RESULTS: Overall, 64 infants (37 FPIAP, 27 FPIES) were evaluated, with the average age at the onset of symptoms being significantly lower in the patients with FPIAP than in the patients with FPIES (2 months [1-3 months] versus 4 months [1...
January 1, 2017: Allergy and Asthma Proceedings:
Ludmilla S Camargo, Jonas Ac Silveira, José Aac Taddei, Ulysses Fagundes
Background: Allergic proctocolitis is a disease that affects infants in the first months. The change in feed is the primary factor for clinical improvement and maintenance of the nutritional status of the infant. Objective: Study the anthropometric evolution of infants with allergic proctocolitis at diagnosis and 1 to 6 months after nutritional intervention. Methods: A retrospective cohort of infants with allergic proctocolitis diagnosis followed at the Pediatric Gastroenterology Institute of São Paulo (IGASTROPED), Brazil...
October 2016: Arquivos de Gastroenterologia
Jean-Christoph Caubet, Hania Szajewska, Raanan Shamir, Anna Nowak-Węgrzyn
Non-IgE-mediated gastrointestinal food allergic disorders (non-IgE-GI-FA) including food protein-induced enterocolitis syndrome (FPIES), food protein-induced enteropathy (FPE), and food protein-induced allergic proctocolitis (FPIAP) are relatively uncommon in infants and young children, but are likely under-diagnosed. Non-IgE-GI-FA have a favorable prognosis, with majority resolving by age 3-5 years. Diagnosis relies on the recognition of symptoms pattern in FPIAP and FPIES and biopsy in FPE. Further studies are needed for a better understanding of the pathomechanism, which will lead eventually to the development of diagnostic tests and treatments...
February 2017: Pediatric Allergy and Immunology
Victoria J Martin, Wayne G Shreffler, Qian Yuan
BACKGROUND The prevalence of allergic diseases has been dramatically rising in the United States and other developed nations over recent decades. Growing evidence suggests a partial role for the microbiome in the development of these allergic diseases. Food protein-induced allergic proctocolitis (AP) (also referred to as cow's milk protein intolerance or allergy) is among the earliest and most common food allergic diseases of infancy, yet its pathophysiology is not well understood. The currently accepted clinical practice is to restrict the diet until 12 months of age...
August 29, 2016: American Journal of Case Reports
P Comberiati, M Landi, A Martelli, G L Piacentini, C Capristo, G Paiola, D G Peroni
BACKGROUND: Allergic enterocolitis, also known as food protein-induced enterocolitis syndrome (FPIES), is an increasingly reported and potentially severe non-IgE mediated food allergy of the first years of life, which is often misdiagnosed due to its non-specific presenting symptoms and lack of diagnostic guidelines. OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine the knowledge of clinical, diagnostic and therapeutic features of FPIES among Italian primary-care paediatricians...
September 2016: Allergologia et Immunopathologia
Ahmet Ozen, Enver Mahir Gulcan, Hulya Ercan Saricoban, Ferda Ozkan, Reha Cengizlier
BACKGROUND: Food protein-induced allergic proctocolitis (FPIAP) is mostly a non-immunoglobulin E-mediated disease where a T-cell-mediated reaction to cow's milk protein has been suggested. We determined the expression of transforming growth factor (TGF)-β, TGF-β receptor-1, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, CD86, and CD23 on the colon mucosa to investigate their roles in the pathogenesis of the two subtypes of FPIAP, i.e. infantile FPIAP and FPIAP in older children. METHODS: Group 1 comprised children with infantile FPIAP (age <6 months, n = 21), group 2 referred to FPIAP in older children (age >1...
2015: International Archives of Allergy and Immunology
Aysenur Kaya, Ersoy Civelek, Can Naci Kocabas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
K Martin Hoffmann, Laura Stampfer, Almuth C Hauer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
Tang Lujing, Zhao Hong, Chen Jie
OBJECTIVE: To understand the clinical features of gastrointestinal cow's milk allergy in children, and to assess the importance of cow's milk challenge. METHOD: An analysis was performed on the clinical manifestations and the challenge results of 50 children who received cow's milk challenges after admission to the department of gastroenterology, Children' s Hospital of Zhejiang University School of Medicine from January,2009 to December, 2012. The value of immunoglobulin E antibody was also analyzed among the 50 children, 25 cases were male and the other 25 were female...
April 2015: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
Elizabeth Feuille, Anna Nowak-Węgrzyn
Food protein-induced enterocolitis (FPIES), allergic proctocolitis (FPIAP), and enteropathy (FPE) are among a number of immune-mediated reactions to food that are thought to occur primarily via non-IgE-mediated pathways. All three are typically present in infancy and are triggered most commonly by cow's milk protein. The usual presenting features are vomiting with lethargy and dehydration in FPIES; bloody and mucous stools in FPIAP; and diarrhea with malabsorption and failure to thrive in FPE. Diagnosis is based on convincing history and resolution of symptoms with food avoidance; confirmatory diagnostic testing other than food challenge is lacking...
August 2015: Current Allergy and Asthma Reports
Aysenur Kaya, Muge Toyran, Ersoy Civelek, Emine Misirlioglu, Ceyda Kirsaclioglu, Can N Kocabas
OBJECTIVES: The dietary protein proctocolitis, also known as allergic proctocolitis (AP), is characterized by the presence of mucoid, frothy, and bloody stools in an otherwise healthy infant. The aim of this study was to describe a group of children with AP, diagnosed according to the criterion-standard method, food challenge to provide clinicians with more information on typical presentation, and an overview on nutritional management strategies and prognosis. METHODS: We collected data on infants with AP in our allergy and gastroenterology outpatient clinics...
July 2015: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
Ralf G Heine
Gastrointestinal food allergies present during early childhood with a diverse range of symptoms. Cow's milk, soy and wheat are the three most common gastrointestinal food allergens. Several clinical syndromes have been described, including food protein-induced enteropathy, proctocolitis and enterocolitis. In contrast with immediate, IgE-mediated food allergies, the onset of gastrointestinal symptoms is delayed for at least 1-2 hours after ingestion in non-IgE-mediated allergic disorders. The pathophysiology of these non-IgE-mediated allergic disorders is poorly understood, and useful in vitro markers are lacking...
2015: Chemical Immunology and Allergy
Anna Nowak-Węgrzyn
Non-IgE-mediated food allergic disorders account for up to 40% of milk protein allergy in infants and young children. We aim to review the recent literature and to provide an update on diagnosis and management of food protein-induced enterocolitis syndrome (FPIES) and food protein-induced allergic proctocolitis (FPIAP). The peer-reviewed articles indexed in PubMed have been reviewed. FPIES manifests in infants as profuse, repetitive vomiting and lethargy, often with diarrhea, leading to acute dehydration, or weight loss and failure to thrive, in chronic form...
May 2015: Allergy and Asthma Proceedings:
Anna Nowak-Węgrzyn, Yitzhak Katz, Sam Soheil Mehr, Sibylle Koletzko
Non-IgE-mediated gastrointestinal food-induced allergic disorders (non-IgE-GI-FAs) account for an unknown proportion of food allergies and include food protein-induced enterocolitis syndrome (FPIES), food protein-induced allergic proctocolitis (FPIAP), and food protein-induced enteropathy (FPE). Non-IgE-GI-FAs are separate clinical entities but have many overlapping clinical and histologic features among themselves and with eosinophilic gastroenteropathies. Over the past decade, FPIES has emerged as the most actively studied non-IgE-GI-FA, potentially because of acute and distinct clinical features...
May 2015: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Hong-Mei Zhao, Jie-Yu You, Bin Xu, Bo-Ping Duan, Hong Ye, Chun-Chun Ren, Li Liu, Zhi-Yong Chen
OBJECTIVE: To study the clinical characteristics of hospitalized infants with allergic proctocolitis, and to provide a scientific basis for early diagnosis and effective treatment of allergic proctocolitis. METHODS: The clinical data of 96 infants with allergic proctocolitis between September 2011 and March 2013 were reviewed retrospectively. Descriptive analysis was performed to assess the clinical characteristics of allergic proctocolitis. RESULTS: The most common clinical manifestation was diarrhea in the 96 infants...
September 2014: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
Mari Mori, Yoshikazu Ohtsuka, Asuka Ishida, Susumu Yamazaki, Keisuke Jimbo, Eisuke Inage, Yo Aoyagi, Takahiro Kudo, Ryuyo Suzuki, Toshiaki Shimizu
BACKGROUND: Although rectal bleeding in infancy (RBI) is not a rare phenomenon, the clinical course of RBI is not fully understood. METHODS: To investigate the outcome and pathogenesis of RBI, especially when concomitant with food-protein-induced proctocolitis (FPIP) and neonatal transient eosinophilic colitis (NTEC), 22 neonates with rectal bleeding with FPIP and NTEC from January 2008 to June 2012 were enrolled and their clinical course and mechanisms of inflammation were examined...
December 2014: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
Marina Atanaskovic-Markovic
The arm of this review was to help general pediatricians and primary care physicians in diagnosing and managing cow's milk protein allergy in exclusively breast-fed infants. Allergic proctocolitis is a cause of rectal bleeding in exclusively breast-fed infants aged from 1 to 6 months.It is due to cow's milk protein transferred via breast milk. Diagnosis is based on clinical features and recovery after dietetic therapy. Rectal bleeding generally resolves within 72-96 hours of cow's milk protein maternal avoidance...
March 2014: Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders Drug Targets
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