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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29405078/non-indicated-use-of-prophylactic-antibiotics-in-gynaecological-surgery-at-an-academic-tertiary-medical-centre
#1
Kevin M Kremer, Raymond T Foster, Erma Z Drobnis, Kassie J Hyde, Lisa M Brennaman
Surgical site infections (SSI) are the most common surgical complication. Perioperative antibiotics can reduce SSI when used properly. Despite guidelines from The American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology, non-indicated antibiotic use is widespread which exposes women to unnecessary risks. This study represents a quality improvement analysis assessing surgeon compliance with established guidelines regarding antibiotic use in gynaecological surgery. This is a single centre, retrospective study examining gynaecological procedures over two years...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29358865/fecal-microbiota-transplantation-induces-remission-of-infantile-allergic-colitis-through-gut-microbiota-re-establishment
#2
Sheng-Xuan Liu, Yin-Hu Li, Wen-Kui Dai, Xue-Song Li, Chuang-Zhao Qiu, Meng-Ling Ruan, Biao Zou, Chen Dong, Yan-Hong Liu, Jia-Yi He, Zhi-Hua Huang, Sai-Nan Shu
AIM: To investigate the impact of fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) treatment on allergic colitis (AC) and gut microbiota (GM). METHODS: We selected a total of 19 AC infants, who suffered from severe diarrhea/hematochezia, did not relieve completely after routine therapy or cannot adhere to the therapy, and were free from organ congenital malformations and other contraindications for FMT. Qualified donor-derived stools were collected and injected to the AC infants via a rectal tube...
December 28, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311748/integrated-analysis-of-gene-expression-differences-in-twins-discordant-for-disease-and-binary-phenotypes
#3
Sivateja Tangirala, Chirag J Patel
While both genes and environment contribute to phenotype, deciphering environmental contributions to phenotype is a challenge. Furthermore, elucidating how different phenotypes may share similar environmental etiologies also is challenging. One way to identify environmental influences is through a discordant monozygotic (MZ) twin study design. Here, we assessed differential gene expression in MZ discordant twin pairs (affected vs. non-affected) for seven phenotypes, including chronic fatigue syndrome, obesity, ulcerative colitis, major depressive disorder, intermittent allergic rhinitis, physical activity, and intelligence quotient, comparing the spectrum of genes differentially expressed across seven phenotypes individually...
January 8, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288381/modulation-of-the-il-23-il-17-axis-by-fenofibrate-ameliorates-the-ovalbumin-lipopolysaccharide-induced-airway-inflammation-and-bronchial-asthma-in-rats
#4
Samah M Elaidy, Soha S Essawy, Mona A Hussain, Mohamed K El-Kherbetawy, Eman R Hamed
The overlapping between asthmatic subtypes, including both CD4+ T helper (TH)2 and TH17 cells, is found in the natural course of allergic asthma, especially in exacerbations and severe and insensitive forms to steroids, which are in need of new molecular therapies. In the TH2-subset mediated asthma, fenofibrate displays therapeutic promises, besides evidenced therapeutic effects on TH17-mediated colitis and myocarditis. Therefore, the effects of fenofibrate versus dexamethasone on IL-23/IL-17 axis in ovalbumin (OVA)/lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced airway inflammation and bronchial asthma in rats were explored...
December 30, 2017: Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259655/continuation-with-clozapine-after-eosinophilia-a-case-report
#5
Yen-Cheng Ho, Huang-Li Lin
Background: Clozapine-induced eosinophilia had been reported in several studies about blood dyscrasias in clozapine-treated patient. The largest study with 2404 patients in Italy found the incidence of 2.2% by criteria of more than 0.4 × 109 /l. Associated cases of pancreatitis, hepatitis, colitis, nephritis, and myocarditis were reported. Interestingly, incidence of myocarditis is high in Australia, but low in the rest of the world. In the following, we will present a case of clozapine-induced eosinophilia which spontaneous resolution was noted under continuation of clozapine...
2017: Annals of General Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247205/prostaglandin-d2-metabolite-in-urine-is-an-index-of-food-allergy
#6
Shingo Maeda, Tatsuro Nakamura, Hiroaki Harada, Yuri Tachibana, Kosuke Aritake, Tatsuo Shimosawa, Yutaka Yatomi, Takahisa Murata
Food allergy is immediate hypersensitive reactions to ingested foods. Since early diagnosis is effective for disease control, development of an objective diagnostic index is required. Using mediator-lipidomics, we found that levels of the urinary prostaglandin D2 (PGD2) metabolite, tetranor-PGDM, reflected the severity of the allergic symptoms and intestinal mast cell hyperplasia in mice. Repeated oral challenges with ovalbumin promoted allergic symptoms in sensitized mice. Particularly, the allergic mice presented with increased numbers of intestinal mast cells, which strongly expressed hematopoietic PGD synthase (H-PGDS)...
December 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210890/allergic-colitis-with-pneumatosis-intestinalis-in-an-infant
#7
Helena Liu, Troy W S Turner
Inflammatory causes of bloody diarrhea during infancy include necrotizing enterocolitis and allergic colitis, often due to cow's milk protein. We report this case of cow's milk protein allergy, managed successfully with elimination of dietary antigen, to highlight the unusual finding of pneumatosis intestinalis on abdominal x-ray, a radiographic hallmark associated with necrotizing enterocolitis. Detailed patient's history, clinical presentation, and physical examinations are discussed for cow's milk protein allergy and necrotizing enterocolitis...
November 27, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209321/consumption-of-diet-containing-free-amino-acids-exacerbates-colitis-in-mice
#8
Adna Luciana Souza, Sarah Leão Fiorini Aguiar, Mariana Camila Gonçalves Miranda, Luisa Lemos, Mauro Andrade Freitas Guimaraes, Daniela Silva Reis, Patrícia Aparecida Vieira Barros, Emerson Soares Veloso, Toniana Gonçalves Carvalho, Fabiola Mara Ribeiro, Enio Ferreira, Denise Carmona Cara, Ana Cristina Gomes-Santos, Ana Maria Caetano Faria
Dietary proteins can influence the maturation of the immune system, particularly the gut-associated lymphoid tissue, when consumed from weaning to adulthood. Moreover, replacement of dietary proteins by amino acids at weaning has been shown to impair the generation of regulatory T cells in the gut as well as immune activities such as protective response to infection, induction of oral and nasal tolerance as well as allergic responses. Polymeric and elemental diets are used in the clinical practice, but the specific role of intact proteins and free amino acids during the intestinal inflammation are not known...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142473/genetic-associations-with-adverse-events-from-anti-tumor-necrosis-factor-therapy-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease-patients
#9
Daniel Lew, Soon Man Yoon, Xiaofei Yan, Lori Robbins, Talin Haritunians, Zhenqiu Liu, Dalin Li, Dermot Pb McGovern
AIM: To study the type and frequency of adverse events associated with anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF) therapy and evaluate for any serologic and genetic associations. METHODS: This study was a retrospective review of patients attending the inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) centers at Cedars-Sinai IBD Center from 2005-2016. Adverse events were identified via chart review. IBD serologies were measured by ELISA. DNA samples were genotyped at Cedars-Sinai using Illumina Infinium Immunochipv1 array per manufacturer's protocol...
October 28, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141406/rutinosylated-ferulic-acid-attenuates-food-allergic-response-and-colitis-by-up-regulating-regulatory-t-cells-in-mouse-models
#10
Shigeru Katayama, Fumiaki Ohno, Takakazu Mitani, Hiroshi Akiyama, Soichiro Nakamura
The purpose of this study was to screen the phytochemicals capable of inducing immune tolerance via enhanced TGF-β1 secretion and investigate their effects in a mouse model of food allergy and colitis. In a screening test using THP-1-derived dendritic cells, a significant increase in TGF-β1 levels was observed upon treatment with ferulic acid (FA) and its glycosides, of which FA rutinoside (FAR) induced the highest level of TGF-β1 secretion. Oral administration of FAR suppressed serum levels of IgE and histamine in ovalbumin-sensitized mice and triggered the differentiation of regulatory T (Treg) cells...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103770/eosinophilic-colitis-case-series-and-literature-review
#11
Cristina Díaz Del Arco, Carlos Taxonera, David Olivares, Mª Jesús Fernández Aceñero
INTRODUCTION: Primary eosinophilic colitis (EC) in adults is a rare and poorly studied disease, with 3 case series, 2 database-based studies and 52 case reports published to date. METHODS: Retrospective study of all adult EC cases diagnosed in a large tertiary hospital (Hospital Clínico San Carlos, Madrid) between 2006 and 2016. We included all cases with a histopathological diagnosis of EC and we selected only those cases that were clinically recognized primary EC...
October 18, 2017: Pathology, Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058101/dock8-deficiency-presenting-as-an-ipex-like-disorder
#12
Fayhan J Alroqi, Louis-Marie Charbonnier, Sevgi Keles, Fatima Ghandour, Pierre Mouawad, Rami Sabouneh, Reem Mohammed, Abduarahman Almutairi, Janet Chou, Michel J Massaad, Raif S Geha, Zeina Baz, Talal A Chatila
PURPOSE: The dedicator of cytokinesis 8 (DOCK8) deficiency is an autosomal recessive-combined immunodeficiency whose clinical spectra include recurrent infections, autoimmunity, malignancies, elevated serum IgE, eczema, and food allergies. Here, we report on patients with loss of function DOCK8 mutations with profound immune dysregulation suggestive of an immune dysregulation, polyendocrinopathy, enteropathy, X-linked (IPEX)-like disorder. METHODS: Immunophenotyping of lymphocyte subpopulations and analysis of DOCK8 protein expression were evaluated by flow cytometry...
November 2017: Journal of Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056830/aloperine-protects-mice-against-dss-induced-colitis-by-pp2a-mediated-pi3k-akt-mtor-signaling-suppression
#13
Xiaoxia Fu, Fei Sun, Faxi Wang, Junai Zhang, Biying Zheng, Jixin Zhong, Tiantian Yue, Xuebao Zheng, Jun-Fa Xu, Cong-Yi Wang
Colitis is a major form of inflammatory bowel disease which involved mucosal immune dysfunction. Aloperine is an alkaloid isolated from the shrub Sophora alopecuroides L. and has been recognized as an effective treatment for inflammatory and allergic diseases. The present study aimed to examine the molecular mechanisms underlying aloperine-mediated colitis protection. We found that aloperine treatment improved colitis induced by dextran sodium sulfate (DSS) based on body weight, disease activity index, colonic length, and spleen index...
2017: Mediators of Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049008/exogenous-murine-antimicrobial-peptide-cramp-significantly-exacerbates-ovalbumin-induced-airway-inflammation-but-ameliorates-oxazolone-induced-intestinal-colitis-in-balb-c-mice
#14
Yang Li, Xiaojie Chu, Cunbao Liu, Weiwei Huang, Yufeng Yao, Ye Xia, Pengyan Sun, Qiong Long, Xuejun Feng, Kui Li, Xu Yang, Hongmei Bai, Wenjia Sun, Yanbing Ma
Cathelicidin has been reported to be multifunctional. The current study aimed to investigate the influences of exogenous cathelicidin-related antimicrobial peptide (CRAMP) on inflammatory responses in different disease models. In OVA-induced allergic airway inflammation, CRAMP significantly enhanced the infiltration of inflammatory cells and accumulation of proinflammatory Th2 cytokine IL-13 and IL-33 in bronchial alveolar lavage fluid (BALF), exacerbated lung tissue inflammation and airway goblet cell hyperplasia, and elevated OVA-specific IgE level in serum...
October 19, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953529/anti-tnf%C3%AE-treatment-in-children-and-adolescents-with-combined-inflammatory-bowel-disease-and-autoimmune-liver-disease
#15
Natalia Nedelkopoulou, Babu Vadamalayan, Diego Vergani, Giorgina Mieli-Vergani
OBJECTIVES: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and autoimmune liver disease (AILD) are closely associated, the former often dictating progression of the latter. Antibodies to tumor necrosis factor alpha (anti-TNFα) are effective in the management of IBD, but may cause liver injury. METHODS: Retrospective review of medical records of patients with juvenile AILD who received anti-TNFα for IBD to evaluate the safety and efficacy of anti-TNFα. RESULTS: Eleven patients (6 boys), ages 9 to 15 years (median 13 years) were identified...
January 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894447/the-microbial-metabolite-butyrate-induces-expression-of-th1-associated-factors-in-cd4-t-cells
#16
Meike Kespohl, Niyati Vachharajani, Maik Luu, Hani Harb, Sabine Pautz, Svenja Wolff, Nina Sillner, Alesia Walker, Philippe Schmitt-Kopplin, Thomas Boettger, Harald Renz, Stefan Offermanns, Ulrich Steinhoff, Alexander Visekruna
Short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs), which are generated by the bacterial fermentation of dietary fibers, promote expansion of regulatory T cells (Tregs). Potential therapeutic value of SCFAs has been recently highlighted in the experimental models of T cell-mediated autoimmunity and allergic inflammation. These studies suggest that physiological intestinal concentrations of SCFAs within the millimolar range are crucial for dampening inflammation-mediated processes. Here, we describe opposing effects of SCFAs on T cell-mediated immune responses...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892998/role-of-multi-detector-ct-mdct-in-evaluation-of-bowel-diseases
#17
Mohamad Tufail Sheikh, Mohd Tafazul Sheikh, Masrat Jan, Hayat A Khan, Guru P Vashisht, Mohd L Wani
INTRODUCTION: Multi-Detector Computed Tomography (MDCT) has revealed excellent results in various systems of the body. Its role in abdominal imaging for solid viscera has been proved beyond doubt. It is an emerging non invasive tool for evaluation of bowel diseases. AIM: To see the efficacy of MDCT in evaluation of various bowel diseases. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was carried out in the Department of Radiodiagnosis and Imaging, Batra Hospital and Medical Research Centre, Delhi, India...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732430/bee-pollen-flavonoids-as-a-therapeutic-agent-in-allergic-and-immunological-disorders
#18
Masoomeh Jannesar, Maryam Sharif Shoushtari, Ahmad Majd, Zahra Pourpak
Bee pollen grains, as the male reproductive part of seed-bearing plants contain considerable concentrations of various phytochemicals and nutrients. Since antiquity, people throughout the world used pollens to cure colds, flu, ulcers, premature aging, anemia and colitis. It is now well-documented that some bee pollen secondary metabolites (e.g. flavonoid) may have positive health effects. In recent years, the flavonoids have attracted much interest because of their wide range of biological properties and their beneficial effects on human health...
June 2017: Iranian Journal of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727830/the-receptor-tyrosine-kinase-axl-promotes-migration-and-invasion-in-colorectal-cancer
#19
Diana J Uribe, Edward K Mandell, Adam Watson, Jesse D Martinez, Jonathan A Leighton, Sourav Ghosh, Carla V Rothlin
The receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs) TYRO3, AXL and MERTK (TAM) have well-described oncogenic functions in a number of cancers. Notwithstanding, TAM RTKs are also potent and indispensable inhibitors of inflammation. The combined deletion of Axl and Mertk in mice enhances chronic inflammation and autoimmunity, including increased inflammation in the gut and colitis-associated cancer. On the other hand, deletion of Tyro3 increases the risk of allergic responses. Therefore, the indiscriminate inhibition of these TAM RTKs could result in undesirable immunological diseases...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679372/fermented-herbal-formula-kiom-ma-128-protects-against-acute-colitis-induced-by-dextran-sodium-sulfate-in-mice
#20
Dong-Gun Kim, Mi-Ra Lee, Jae-Myung Yoo, Kwang-Il Park, Jin-Yeul Ma
BACKGROUND: Colitis is a well-known subtype of inflammatory bowel disease and is caused by diverse factors. Previous research has shown that KIOM-MA elicits anti-inflammatory and anti-allergic effects on various diseases. KIOM-MA-128, our novel herbal formula, was generated from KIOM-MA using probiotics to improve the therapeutic efficacy. We investigated whether KIOM-MA-128 has protective activity in a mouse model of acute colitis induced by dextran sodium sulfate (DSS). METHODS: Colitis was induced by DSS administered to ICR mice in drinking water...
July 5, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
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