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Lymphocytic esophagitis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152134/combined-neutrophil-platelet-score-and-hemoglobin-level-predict-survival-in-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-patients-treated-with-chemoradiotherapy
#1
Chuanwang Miao, Shan Zhu, Hong Pan, Xiaolan Cao, Shuanghu Yuan, Xudong Hu
Systemic inflammation and hematological markers have prognostic value in patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). The objective of this study was to evaluate the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR), combined neutrophil-platelet (CNP) score, and hemoglobin (Hb) to inform treatment decisions and predict outcomes in patients with locally advanced ESCC treated with chemoradiotherapy (CRT). A total of 168 patients with locally advanced ESCC were retrospectively evaluated...
October 20, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147607/immune-signature-profiling-identified-predictive-and-prognostic-factors-for-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#2
Yuan Li, Zhiliang Lu, Yun Che, Jingnan Wang, Shouguo Sun, Jianbing Huang, Shuangshuang Mao, Yuanyuan Lei, Zhaoli Chen, Jie He
Understanding interactions between tumor and the host immune system holds great promise to uncover biomarkers for targeted therapies and clinical outcomes. However, systematical analysis of immune signatures in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) remains largely unstudied. In this study, immune signatures containing 708 immune related genes were curated from mRNA microarray data with tumor and paired normal tissues from 119 ESCC patients. Differential expression and survival analysis were performed with validations from Human Protein Atlas and an independent cohort of 110 ESCC patients by immunohistochemistry staining...
2017: Oncoimmunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129294/eosinophilic-esophagitis-pathophysiology-and-definition
#3
REVIEW
Frederic Clayton, Kathryn Peterson
Eosinophilic esophagitis is an adaptive immune response to patient-specific antigens, mostly foods. Eosinophilic esophagitis is not solely IgE-mediated and is likely characterized by Th2 lymphocytes with an impaired esophageal barrier function. The key cytokines and chemokines are thymic stromal lymphopoeitin, interleukin-13, CCL26/eotaxin-3, and transforming growth factor-β, all involved in eosinophil recruitment and remodeling. Chronic food dysphagia and food impactions, the feared late complications, are related in part to dense subepithelial fibrosis, likely induced by interleukin-13 and transforming growth factor-β...
January 2018: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116900/safety-and-antitumor-activity-of-the-anti-programmed-death-1-antibody-pembrolizumab-in-patients-with-advanced-esophageal-carcinoma
#4
Toshihiko Doi, Sarina A Piha-Paul, Shadia I Jalal, Sanatan Saraf, Jared Lunceford, Minori Koshiji, Jaafar Bennouna
Purpose The anti-programmed death-1 antibody pembrolizumab was evaluated in KEYNOTE-028, a multicohort, phase IB study of patients with programmed death ligand-1 (PD-L1)-positive advanced solid tumors. Results from the esophageal carcinoma cohort are reported herein. Patients and Methods Eligible patients with squamous cell carcinoma or adenocarcinoma of the esophagus or gastroesophageal junction in whom standard therapy failed and who had PD-L1-positive tumors received pembrolizumab 10 mg/kg every 2 weeks for up to 2 years or until confirmed disease progression or intolerable toxicity...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115542/imp3-overexpression-occurs-in-various-important-cancer-types-and-is-linked-to-aggressive-tumor-features-a-tissue-microarray-study-on-8-877-human-cancers-and-normal-tissues
#5
Christoph Burdelski, Nilofar Jakani-Karimi, Frank Jacobsen, Christina Möller-Koop, Sarah Minner, Ronald Simon, Guido Sauter, Stefan Steurer, Till S Clauditz, Waldemar Wilczak
IMP3 is an RNA binding protein required for ribosomal RNA processing, which has been suggested to be a prognostic marker in a large variety of human types of cancer. However, available data on the prevalence of IMP3 expression are largely discrepant. To systematically investigate the epidemiology and clinical relevance of IMP3 expression in human cancers we employed a two-step tissue microarrays (TMAs) approach. First, a normal tissue TMA and a multi-tumor TMA were analyzed for immunohistochemically detectable expression of IMP3 in 76 different normal tissue types and 3889 cancer samples from 95 different tumor categories...
November 2, 2017: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112883/a-new-paradigm-for-gerd-pathogenesis-not-acid-injury-but-cytokine-mediated-inflammation-driven-by-hif-2%C3%AE-a-potential-role-for-targeting-hif-2%C3%AE-to-prevent-and-treat-reflux-esophagitis
#6
REVIEW
Rhonda F Souza, Liela Bayeh, Stuart J Spechler, Uttam K Tambar, Richard K Bruick
Traditionally, reflux esophagitis was assumed to develop as a caustic, chemical injury inflicted by refluxed acid. Recently, however, studies in rats and humans suggest that reflux esophagitis develops as a cytokine-mediated inflammatory injury, with hypoxia inducible factor (HIF)-2α playing a major role. In response to the reflux of acid and bile, HIF-2α in esophageal epithelial cells becomes stabilized, thereby increasing production of pro-inflammatory cytokines that attract T lymphocytes and other inflammatory cells to damage the esophagus...
November 4, 2017: Current Opinion in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103532/other-forms-of-esophagitis-it-is-not-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease-so%C3%A2-now-what-do-i-do
#7
REVIEW
Nicole C Panarelli
Esophagitis results from diverse causes, including gastroesophageal reflux, immune-mediated or allergic reactions, therapeutic complications, and infections. The appropriate clinical management differs in each of these situations and is often guided by pathologic interpretation of endoscopic mucosal biopsy specimens. This review summarizes the diagnostic features of unusual forms of esophagitis, including eosinophilic esophagitis, lymphocytic esophagitis, esophagitis dissecans superficialis, drug-induced esophageal injury, and bullous disorders...
December 2017: Surgical Pathology Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073155/genetic-variability-in-lmp2-and-lmp7-is-associated-with-the-risk-of-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-in-the-kazakh-population-but-is-not-associated-with-hpv-infection
#8
Lan Yang, Yu Ji, Ling Chen, Mei Li, Fei Wu, Jianming Hu, Jinfang Jiang, Xiaobin Cui, Yunzhao Chen, Lijuan Pang, Yutao Wei, Feng Li
The Kazakh population in Xinjiang Province in northwestern China exhibits a high incidence of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). Although the etiology of esophageal carcinoma (EC) has not been elucidated, there are reports of the involvement of an immunologic mechanism. In the current study, 268 Kazakh ESCC patients and 500 age- and sex-matched control subjects were recruited. DNA was extracted from paraffin-embedded tumor specimens from the patients and peripheral blood lymphocytes from the controls and used for LMP2/LMP7 genotyping...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069772/the-integrative-clinical-impact-of-tumor-infiltrating-t-lymphocytes-and-nk-cells-in-relation-to-b-lymphocyte-and-plasma-cell-density-in-esophageal-and-gastric-adenocarcinoma
#9
Maria C Svensson, Carl Fredrik Warfvinge, Richard Fristedt, Charlotta Hedner, David Borg, Jakob Eberhard, Patrick Micke, Björn Nodin, Karin Leandersson, Karin Jirström
BACKGROUND: Several studies have demonstrated a prognostic impact of tumor-infiltrating T lymphocytes and natural killer (NK) cells in esophageal and gastric adenocarcinoma, but whether these associations differ by the density of tumor-infiltrating immune cells of the B cell lineage remains largely unknown. RESULTS: High infiltration of any T and NK lymphocytes investigated was in general associated with a favorable prognosis, but the strongest beneficial prognostic impact was seen in combination with high B lymphocyte infiltration...
September 22, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066693/-the-impact-of-neutrophil-lymphocyte-ratio-on-the-prognosis-in-patients-who-underwent-esophagectomy-for-esophageal-cancer
#10
Takahiro Muroya, Naoki Wajima, Hiroshi Ogasawara, Takafumi Yachi, Takanobu Akaishi, Satoko Umetsu, Yusuke Wakasa, Tatsuya Yoshida, Kentaro Sato, Yuto Mitsuhashi, Kotaro Umemura, Takahiro Suzuki, Satoru Tsuruta, Kenichi Hakamada
BACKGROUND: Thene utrophil-lymphocyteratio (NLR)reflects a patient's systemic inflammatory response. Several studies have revealed that the NLR is associated with a poor prognosis in several types of malignant tumors such as colorectal and lung cancer. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of preoperative NLR on the prognosis of patients with esophageal cancer. METHODS: The NLR was calculated for 93 consecutive patients with clinical Stage II or III esophageal cancer, who underwent curative esophagectomy following neoadjuvant chemotherapy between 2011 and 2013...
October 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29060926/programmed-death-1-lignd-1-gene-rs2890658-polymorphism-associated-with-the-risk-of-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-in-smokers
#11
Rong-Miao Zhou, Yan Li, Jiang-Hui Liu, Na Wang, Xi Huang, Shi-Ru Cao, Bao-En Shan
BACKGROUND: The most important anti-tumor immune response is mediated by T lymphocytes. The interaction of programmed death-1 lignd-1 (PD-L1) with its receptor provides an inhibitory signal in T lymphocytes activation and proliferation. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate whether polymorphisms of PD-L1 were associated with the risk and prognosis of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) in a high-incidence population from Northern China. METHODS: PD-L1 rs2890658 A/C and rs4143815 C/G single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were genotyped by polymerase chain reaction ligase detection reaction (PCR-LDR) method in 575 ESCC patients and 577 healthy controls...
October 9, 2017: Cancer Biomarkers: Section A of Disease Markers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034419/esophagitis-unrelated-to-reflux-disease-current-status-and-emerging-diagnostic-challenges
#12
Melanie E Johncilla, Amitabh Srivastava
There has been much progress in our understanding of esophageal inflammatory disorders in the past few years. This is particularly true about esophageal eosinophilia and PPI responsiveness, lymphocytic esophagitis and motility disorders, and short-term risk of neoplasia in esophageal leukoplakia. The current review will summarize esophageal injury patterns that primarily occur due to non-reflux causes, with a focus on usual pitfalls in biopsy diagnosis and recent advances in our knowledge of the more common forms of esophagitis...
October 15, 2017: Virchows Archiv: An International Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022493/immunonutrition-before-esophagectomy-impact-on-immune-surveillance-mechanisms
#13
Marco Scarpa, Andromachi Kotsafti, Matteo Fassan, Melania Scarpa, Francesco Cavallin, Teresa Nardi, Eleonora Pinto, Rita Alfieri, Matteo Cagol, Marco Agostini, Massimo Rugge, Ignazio Castagliuolo, Carlo Castoro
Preoperative oral immunonutrition was demonstrated to improve immune response and to decrease the infection rate in patients with cancer. This study aimed to assess how immunonutrition could influence the immune cell response in the mucosal microenvironment of esophageal adenocarcinoma. Therefore, A prospective cohort of consecutive patients undergoing esophagectomy for esophageal adenocarcinoma was enrolled. A subgroup of them was given preoperative oral immunonutrition with Oral Impact® and was compared to those who received no preoperative supplementation...
October 2017: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021429/sclerosing-esophagitis-with-igg4-positive-plasma-cell-infiltration-a-case-report
#14
Shigeo Mori, Yoshiya Tahashi, Kazushige Uchida, Tsukasa Ikeura, Naoyuki Danbara, Takahiro Wakamatsu, Takeo Kusuda, Yu Takahashi, Masato Yanagawa, Mitsunobu Matsushita, Chisato Ohe, Taku Michiura, Kentaro Inoue, Masanori Kon, Kazuichi Okazaki
The patient was a 76-year-old woman who had noticed slight difficulty in swallowing in the 3 years prior to this presentation. Her dysphagia progressed while she was hospitalized following cervical cancer surgery. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy and an esophagram showed circumferential erosion and a stricture of the thoracic esophagus. Esophageal resection was performed; the resected specimens showed a stricture and wall thickening. Histologically, transmural hyperplasia, which consisted of inflammatory granulation tissue with the abundant infiltration of IgG4-positive plasma cells and lymphocytes, was observed...
October 11, 2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983231/prevalence-of-anastomotic-leak-and-the-impact-of-indocyanine-green-fluorescein-imaging-for-evaluating-blood-flow-in-the-gastric-conduit-following-esophageal-cancer-surgery
#15
Masaki Ohi, Yuji Toiyama, Yasuhiko Mohri, Susumu Saigusa, Takashi Ichikawa, Tadanobu Shimura, Hiromi Yasuda, Yoshiki Okita, Shigeyuki Yoshiyama, Minako Kobayashi, Toshimitsu Araki, Yasuhiro Inoue, Masato Kusunoki
BACKGROUNDS AND AIM: Anastomotic leak (AL) following esophagectomy for esophageal cancer (EC) remains an important cause of prolonged hospitalization and impaired quality of life. Recently, indocyanine green (ICG) fluorescein imaging has been used to evaluate the gastric conduit blood supply during EC surgery. Although several factors have been reported to be associated with AL, no studies have evaluated the relationships between risk factors for AL, including ICG fluorescein imaging...
2017: Esophagus: Official Journal of the Japan Esophageal Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959129/shiitake-dermatitis-like-eruption-due-to-tegafur-gimeracil-oteracil-combination-usage
#16
Hiroyuki Goto, Kazunari Sugita, Shigeto Yanagihara, Osamu Yamamoto
S-1 is a combination drug of tegafur, gimeracil and oteracil potassium that is designed on the basis of 5- fluorouracil. We report here for the first time that S-1 is a causative agent of drug eruption mimicking shiitake dermatitis. A 58-year-old Japanese man presented with pruritic erythemas arranged in a linear fashion. He had been treated with S-1 for esophageal cancer. Although differential diagnosis included shiitake dermatitis and dermatomyositis, he had not eaten raw shiitake mushroom, and he did not have other cutaneous lesion such as Gottron's sign and abnormalities of peripheral blood examination including Jo-1 antibody and antinuclear antibody...
September 2017: Yonago Acta Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28949934/tumor-infiltrating-cd4-lymphocytes-predict-a-favorable-survival-in-patients-with-operable-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#17
Kaiyan Chen, Ziyu Zhu, Nan Zhang, Guoping Cheng, Fanrong Zhang, Jiaoyue Jin, Junzhou Wu, Lisha Ying, Weimin Mao, Dan Su
BACKGROUND The immune status within the tumor microenvironment has not been well determined in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). The aim of this study was to investigate the distributions of tumor-infiltrating T lymphocytes (TILs), and analyze their associations with clinical characteristics and prognosis; as well as investigate the expression of programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) which has been identified as a favorable indicator of prognosis in our previous study on ESCC. MATERIAL AND METHODS Five hundred and thirty-six patients who underwent radical surgery for ESCC between January 2008 and April 2012 in Department of Thoracic Surgery at Zhejiang Cancer Hospital were included in the study...
September 26, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892265/effects-of-preemptive-analgesia-with-flurbiprofen-ester-on-lymphocytes-and-natural-killer-cells-in-patients-undergoing-esophagectomy-a-randomized-controlled-pilot-study
#18
Yi Zhou, Jinxi Huang, Yu Bai, Changsheng Li, Xihua Lu
BACKGROUND: Tumors may induce systemic immune dysfunction, which can be aggravated by surgery and anesthesia/analgesia. Data on the effect of flurbiprofen preemptive analgesia on immune dysfunction is limited. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of flurbiprofen preemptive analgesia on lymphocytes and natural killer (NK) cells in patients undergoing thoracotomy and thoracoscopy radical esophagectomy, and to explore the analgesic methods suitable for tumor patients. METHODS: This was a randomized controlled pilot study of 89 patients with esophageal cancer treated with surgery at the Henan Cancer Hospital between January 1, 2015 and December 31, 2016...
November 2017: Thoracic Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883282/development-of-immune-checkpoint-inhibitors
#19
Shigehisa Kitano
Immune checkpoint inhibitors are the most striking innovation in the clinical development of immunotherapy. Monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) restore and augment the antitumor immune activities of cytotoxic T cells by mainly blocking immune checkpoint molecules on T cells or their ligands on antigen-presenting and tumor cells. Based on preclinical data, many clinical trials have demonstrated the acceptable safety profiles and efficacies of mAb in various cancers. The A first-in-class approved immune checkpoint inhibitor is ipilimumab, which is a fully humanized mAb that blocks the immunosuppressive signal by cytotoxic T-lymphocyte antigen 4...
2017: [Rinshō Ketsueki] the Japanese Journal of Clinical Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871164/tumor-infiltrating-cd45ro-memory-t-lymphocytes-predict-favorable-clinical-outcome-in-solid-tumors
#20
Guoming Hu, Shimin Wang
The prognostic role of tumor-infiltrating CD45RO(+) memory T lymphocytes (CD45RO(+) T cells) in human solid tumors remains controversial. Herein, we conducted a meta-analysis including 25 published studies with 4720 patients identified from PubMed and EBSCO to assess the prognostic impact of tumor-infiltrating CD45RO(+) T cells in human solid tumors. We found that CD45RO(+) T cell infiltration was significantly associated with improved overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) in all types of solid tumors...
September 4, 2017: Scientific Reports
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