keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Lymphocytic esophagitis

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325800/platelet-to-lymphocyte-ratio-is-a-predictive-marker-of-prognosis-and-therapeutic-effect-of-postoperative-chemotherapy-in-non-metastatic-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#1
Yuchong Yang, Hao Xu, Likun Zhou, Ting Deng, Tao Ning, Rui Liu, Le Zhang, Xia Wang, Shaohua Ge, Hongli Li, Yi Ba
Increasing evidence indicated that inflammatory biomarkers, including neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet to lymphocyte ratio (PLR), and prognostic nutritional index (PNI), can be used as prognostic indicators in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). However, which is the best predictor for prognosis in ESCC remain controversial. Few studies focused on the association between inflammatory biomarkers and postoperative chemotherapy. A cohort of 515 non-metastatic ESCC patients was reviewed retrospectively...
January 8, 2018: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290036/eosinophilic-esophagitis-clinical-manifestations-and-differential-diagnosis
#2
REVIEW
Diana Muñoz-Mendoza, Adrián Chapa-Rodríguez, Sami L Bahna
As a chronic inflammatory disease with eosinophilic infiltrate of the esophagus, eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) causes a variety of gastrointestinal (GI) clinical manifestations. None of the symptoms, endoscopic features, or biopsy findings is pathognomonic of the disease, even with high degrees of esophageal eosinophilia. The pathogenesis has been explored by several studies, yet it still far from being completely understood. Evidence supports a role of allergen-driven Th2 lymphocyte mechanism, though not in every patient...
December 30, 2017: Clinical Reviews in Allergy & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248170/severe-lymphopenia-during-neoadjuvant-chemoradiation-for-esophageal-cancer-a-propensity-matched-analysis-of-the-relative-risk-of-proton-versus-photon-based-radiation-therapy
#3
Yutaka Shiraishi, Penny Fang, Cai Xu, Juhee Song, Sunil Krishnan, Eugene J Koay, Reza J Mehran, Wayne L Hofstetter, Mariela Blum-Murphy, Jaffer A Ajani, Ritsuko Komaki, Bruce Minsky, Radhe Mohan, Charles C Hsu, Brian P Hobbs, Steven H Lin
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Circulating lymphocytes are exquisitely sensitive to radiation exposure, even to low scattered doses which can vary drastically between radiation modalities. We compared the relative risk of radiation-induced lymphopenia between intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) or proton beam therapy (PBT) in esophageal cancer (EC) patients undergoing neoadjuvant chemoradiation therapy (nCRT). MATERIAL AND METHODS: EC patients treated with IMRT and PBT were propensity matched based on key clinical variables...
December 13, 2017: Radiotherapy and Oncology: Journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239193/-checkpoint-inhibitors-in-the-treatment-of-upper-gastrointestinal-tract-tumors
#4
R Obermannova
Chemotherapy prolongs overall survival (OS) in esophageal (EC) and gastric cancer (GC). Unsatisfactory results of systemic therapy initiated a search for new treatment options. In metastatic disease, a number of targeted drugs were tested; however, several phase III studies assessing receptor tyrosin kinase-related signaling pathways, such as EGFR, MET/HGF or mTOR, failed. Trastuzumab remains the only targeted drug with a known molecular predictor, which extended the OS in metastatic gastric adenocarcinoma and adenocarcinoma of esophago-gastric junction...
2017: Klinická Onkologie: Casopis Ceské a Slovenské Onkologické Spolecnosti
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209110/chitinase-3-like-1-secreted-by-peritumoral-macrophages-in-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-is-a-favorable-prognostic-factor-for-survival
#5
Shan Xing, Xin Zheng, Tao Zeng, Mu-Sheng Zeng, Qian Zhong, Yue-Song Cao, Kai-Lu Pan, Chu Wei, Fan Hou, Wan-Li Liu
AIM: To identify whether chitinase 3-like 1 (CHI3L1) serves as a suitable biomarker for the prognosis of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) and to analyze this protein's cellular source. METHODS: An ELISA was conducted to detect the concentration of CHI3L1 in the serum of 150 ESCC patients diagnosed between January 2001 and February 2005. The prognostic relevance of CHI3L1 was evaluated by a Kaplan-Meier and Cox regression analysis. The immunohistochemistry was reanalyzed, and fluorescent staining was utilized to explore the cellular origins of CHI3L1...
November 21, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206673/pd-l1-expression-tumor-infiltrating-lymphocytes-and-clinical-outcome-in-patients-with-surgically-resected-esophageal-cancer
#6
Taisuke Yagi, Yoshifumi Baba, Takatsugu Ishimoto, Masaaki Iwatsuki, Yuji Miyamoto, Naoya Yoshida, Masayuki Watanabe, Hideo Baba
OBJECTIVES: To examine the prognostic impact of the programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1) expression, tumor-infiltrating lymphocyte (TIL) status, and their combination in esophageal cancer. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: PD-L1 has garnered much attention for its roles in tumor immunology and as an immune-based therapeutic target. To ensure a response to PD-L1 checkpoint inhibitor, a new framework based on PD-L1 expression and the presence or absence of TILs is required. METHODS: Using a nonbiased database of 305 curatively resected esophageal cancers, we evaluated PD-L1 expression and TIL status (cluster of differentiation 8 (CD8) expression) by immunohistochemical analysis...
December 4, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152134/combined-neutrophil-platelet-score-and-hemoglobin-level-predict-survival-in-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-patients-treated-with-chemoradiotherapy
#7
Chuanwang Miao, Shan Zhu, Hong Pan, Xiaolan Cao, Shuanghu Yuan, Xudong Hu
Systemic inflammation and hematological markers have prognostic value in patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). The objective of this study was to evaluate the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR), combined neutrophil-platelet (CNP) score, and hemoglobin (Hb) to inform treatment decisions and predict outcomes in patients with locally advanced ESCC treated with chemoradiotherapy (CRT). A total of 168 patients with locally advanced ESCC were retrospectively evaluated...
October 20, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147607/immune-signature-profiling-identified-predictive-and-prognostic-factors-for-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#8
Yuan Li, Zhiliang Lu, Yun Che, Jingnan Wang, Shouguo Sun, Jianbing Huang, Shuangshuang Mao, Yuanyuan Lei, Zhaoli Chen, Jie He
Understanding interactions between tumor and the host immune system holds great promise to uncover biomarkers for targeted therapies and clinical outcomes. However, systematical analysis of immune signatures in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) remains largely unstudied. In this study, immune signatures containing 708 immune related genes were curated from mRNA microarray data with tumor and paired normal tissues from 119 ESCC patients. Differential expression and survival analysis were performed with validations from Human Protein Atlas and an independent cohort of 110 ESCC patients by immunohistochemistry staining...
2017: Oncoimmunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129294/eosinophilic-esophagitis-pathophysiology-and-definition
#9
REVIEW
Frederic Clayton, Kathryn Peterson
Eosinophilic esophagitis is an adaptive immune response to patient-specific antigens, mostly foods. Eosinophilic esophagitis is not solely IgE-mediated and is likely characterized by Th2 lymphocytes with an impaired esophageal barrier function. The key cytokines and chemokines are thymic stromal lymphopoeitin, interleukin-13, CCL26/eotaxin-3, and transforming growth factor-β, all involved in eosinophil recruitment and remodeling. Chronic food dysphagia and food impactions, the feared late complications, are related in part to dense subepithelial fibrosis, likely induced by interleukin-13 and transforming growth factor-β...
January 2018: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116900/safety-and-antitumor-activity-of-the-anti-programmed-death-1-antibody-pembrolizumab-in-patients-with-advanced-esophageal-carcinoma
#10
Toshihiko Doi, Sarina A Piha-Paul, Shadia I Jalal, Sanatan Saraf, Jared Lunceford, Minori Koshiji, Jaafar Bennouna
Purpose The anti-programmed death-1 antibody pembrolizumab was evaluated in KEYNOTE-028, a multicohort, phase IB study of patients with programmed death ligand-1 (PD-L1)-positive advanced solid tumors. Results from the esophageal carcinoma cohort are reported herein. Patients and Methods Eligible patients with squamous cell carcinoma or adenocarcinoma of the esophagus or gastroesophageal junction in whom standard therapy failed and who had PD-L1-positive tumors received pembrolizumab 10 mg/kg every 2 weeks for up to 2 years or until confirmed disease progression or intolerable toxicity...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115542/imp3-overexpression-occurs-in-various-important-cancer-types-and-is-linked-to-aggressive-tumor-features-a-tissue-microarray-study-on-8-877-human-cancers-and-normal-tissues
#11
Christoph Burdelski, Nilofar Jakani-Karimi, Frank Jacobsen, Christina Möller-Koop, Sarah Minner, Ronald Simon, Guido Sauter, Stefan Steurer, Till S Clauditz, Waldemar Wilczak
IMP3 is an RNA binding protein required for ribosomal RNA processing, which has been suggested to be a prognostic marker in a large variety of human types of cancer. However, available data on the prevalence of IMP3 expression are largely discrepant. To systematically investigate the epidemiology and clinical relevance of IMP3 expression in human cancers we employed a two-step tissue microarrays (TMAs) approach. First, a normal tissue TMA and a multi-tumor TMA were analyzed for immunohistochemically detectable expression of IMP3 in 76 different normal tissue types and 3889 cancer samples from 95 different tumor categories...
November 2, 2017: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112883/a-new-paradigm-for-gerd-pathogenesis-not-acid-injury-but-cytokine-mediated-inflammation-driven-by-hif-2%C3%AE-a-potential-role-for-targeting-hif-2%C3%AE-to-prevent-and-treat-reflux-esophagitis
#12
REVIEW
Rhonda F Souza, Liela Bayeh, Stuart J Spechler, Uttam K Tambar, Richard K Bruick
Traditionally, reflux esophagitis was assumed to develop as a caustic, chemical injury inflicted by refluxed acid. Recently, however, studies in rats and humans suggest that reflux esophagitis develops as a cytokine-mediated inflammatory injury, with hypoxia inducible factor (HIF)-2α playing a major role. In response to the reflux of acid and bile, HIF-2α in esophageal epithelial cells becomes stabilized, thereby increasing production of pro-inflammatory cytokines that attract T lymphocytes and other inflammatory cells to damage the esophagus...
December 2017: Current Opinion in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103532/other-forms-of-esophagitis-it-is-not-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease-so%C3%A2-now-what-do-i-do
#13
REVIEW
Nicole C Panarelli
Esophagitis results from diverse causes, including gastroesophageal reflux, immune-mediated or allergic reactions, therapeutic complications, and infections. The appropriate clinical management differs in each of these situations and is often guided by pathologic interpretation of endoscopic mucosal biopsy specimens. This review summarizes the diagnostic features of unusual forms of esophagitis, including eosinophilic esophagitis, lymphocytic esophagitis, esophagitis dissecans superficialis, drug-induced esophageal injury, and bullous disorders...
December 2017: Surgical Pathology Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073155/genetic-variability-in-lmp2-and-lmp7-is-associated-with-the-risk-of-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-in-the-kazakh-population-but-is-not-associated-with-hpv-infection
#14
Lan Yang, Yu Ji, Ling Chen, Mei Li, Fei Wu, Jianming Hu, Jinfang Jiang, Xiaobin Cui, Yunzhao Chen, Lijuan Pang, Yutao Wei, Feng Li
The Kazakh population in Xinjiang Province in northwestern China exhibits a high incidence of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). Although the etiology of esophageal carcinoma (EC) has not been elucidated, there are reports of the involvement of an immunologic mechanism. In the current study, 268 Kazakh ESCC patients and 500 age- and sex-matched control subjects were recruited. DNA was extracted from paraffin-embedded tumor specimens from the patients and peripheral blood lymphocytes from the controls and used for LMP2/LMP7 genotyping...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069772/the-integrative-clinical-impact-of-tumor-infiltrating-t-lymphocytes-and-nk-cells-in-relation-to-b-lymphocyte-and-plasma-cell-density-in-esophageal-and-gastric-adenocarcinoma
#15
Maria C Svensson, Carl Fredrik Warfvinge, Richard Fristedt, Charlotta Hedner, David Borg, Jakob Eberhard, Patrick Micke, Björn Nodin, Karin Leandersson, Karin Jirström
BACKGROUND: Several studies have demonstrated a prognostic impact of tumor-infiltrating T lymphocytes and natural killer (NK) cells in esophageal and gastric adenocarcinoma, but whether these associations differ by the density of tumor-infiltrating immune cells of the B cell lineage remains largely unknown. RESULTS: High infiltration of any T and NK lymphocytes investigated was in general associated with a favorable prognosis, but the strongest beneficial prognostic impact was seen in combination with high B lymphocyte infiltration...
September 22, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066693/-the-impact-of-neutrophil-lymphocyte-ratio-on-the-prognosis-in-patients-who-underwent-esophagectomy-for-esophageal-cancer
#16
Takahiro Muroya, Naoki Wajima, Hiroshi Ogasawara, Takafumi Yachi, Takanobu Akaishi, Satoko Umetsu, Yusuke Wakasa, Tatsuya Yoshida, Kentaro Sato, Yuto Mitsuhashi, Kotaro Umemura, Takahiro Suzuki, Satoru Tsuruta, Kenichi Hakamada
BACKGROUND: Thene utrophil-lymphocyteratio (NLR)reflects a patient's systemic inflammatory response. Several studies have revealed that the NLR is associated with a poor prognosis in several types of malignant tumors such as colorectal and lung cancer. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of preoperative NLR on the prognosis of patients with esophageal cancer. METHODS: The NLR was calculated for 93 consecutive patients with clinical Stage II or III esophageal cancer, who underwent curative esophagectomy following neoadjuvant chemotherapy between 2011 and 2013...
October 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29060926/programmed-death-1-lignd-1-gene-rs2890658-polymorphism-associated-with-the-risk-of-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-in-smokers
#17
Rong-Miao Zhou, Yan Li, Jiang-Hui Liu, Na Wang, Xi Huang, Shi-Ru Cao, Bao-En Shan
BACKGROUND: The most important anti-tumor immune response is mediated by T lymphocytes. The interaction of programmed death-1 lignd-1 (PD-L1) with its receptor provides an inhibitory signal in T lymphocytes activation and proliferation. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate whether polymorphisms of PD-L1 were associated with the risk and prognosis of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) in a high-incidence population from Northern China. METHODS: PD-L1 rs2890658 A/C and rs4143815 C/G single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were genotyped by polymerase chain reaction ligase detection reaction (PCR-LDR) method in 575 ESCC patients and 577 healthy controls...
October 9, 2017: Cancer Biomarkers: Section A of Disease Markers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034419/esophagitis-unrelated-to-reflux-disease-current-status-and-emerging-diagnostic-challenges
#18
Melanie E Johncilla, Amitabh Srivastava
There has been much progress in our understanding of esophageal inflammatory disorders in the past few years. This is particularly true about esophageal eosinophilia and PPI responsiveness, lymphocytic esophagitis and motility disorders, and short-term risk of neoplasia in esophageal leukoplakia. The current review will summarize esophageal injury patterns that primarily occur due to non-reflux causes, with a focus on usual pitfalls in biopsy diagnosis and recent advances in our knowledge of the more common forms of esophagitis...
October 15, 2017: Virchows Archiv: An International Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022493/immunonutrition-before-esophagectomy-impact-on-immune-surveillance-mechanisms
#19
Marco Scarpa, Andromachi Kotsafti, Matteo Fassan, Melania Scarpa, Francesco Cavallin, Teresa Nardi, Eleonora Pinto, Rita Alfieri, Matteo Cagol, Marco Agostini, Massimo Rugge, Ignazio Castagliuolo, Carlo Castoro
Preoperative oral immunonutrition was demonstrated to improve immune response and to decrease the infection rate in patients with cancer. This study aimed to assess how immunonutrition could influence the immune cell response in the mucosal microenvironment of esophageal adenocarcinoma. Therefore, A prospective cohort of consecutive patients undergoing esophagectomy for esophageal adenocarcinoma was enrolled. A subgroup of them was given preoperative oral immunonutrition with Oral Impact® and was compared to those who received no preoperative supplementation...
October 2017: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021429/sclerosing-esophagitis-with-igg4-positive-plasma-cell-infiltration-a-case-report
#20
Shigeo Mori, Yoshiya Tahashi, Kazushige Uchida, Tsukasa Ikeura, Naoyuki Danbara, Takahiro Wakamatsu, Takeo Kusuda, Yu Takahashi, Masato Yanagawa, Mitsunobu Matsushita, Chisato Ohe, Taku Michiura, Kentaro Inoue, Masanori Kon, Kazuichi Okazaki
The patient was a 76-year-old woman who had noticed slight difficulty in swallowing in the 3 years prior to this presentation. Her dysphagia progressed while she was hospitalized following cervical cancer surgery. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy and an esophagram showed circumferential erosion and a stricture of the thoracic esophagus. Esophageal resection was performed; the resected specimens showed a stricture and wall thickening. Histologically, transmural hyperplasia, which consisted of inflammatory granulation tissue with the abundant infiltration of IgG4-positive plasma cells and lymphocytes, was observed...
October 11, 2017: Internal Medicine
keyword
keyword
17597
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"