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Eosinophilic gastroenteritis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29862093/ascites-in-a-young-woman-a-rare-presentation-of-eosinophilic-gastroenteritis
#1
Carina Santos, Francisco Morgado, Celestina Blanco, João Parreira, João Costa, Lara Rodrigues, Luís Marfull, Patrícia Cardoso
Introduction: Eosinophilic gastroenteritis (EGE) is a rare idiopathic disease that can affect one or more organs of the digestive tract. It has an estimated incidence of 1-20 cases per 100,000 patients. Klein et al. classified EGE into 3 subtypes: predominant mucosal, muscular, or subserosal. Clinical Case: We report a case of a 32-year-old woman, who presented with diffuse abdominal pain, nausea, postprandial infarction, diarrhea, and moderate ascites of three-week evolution...
2018: Case Reports in Gastrointestinal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29850645/successful-food-elimination-diet-in-an-adult-with-eosinophilic-gastroenteritis
#2
Eiko Okimoto, Norihisa Ishimura, Mayumi Okada, Hironobu Mikami, Hiroki Sonoyama, Nahoko Ishikawa, Asuka Araki, Naoki Oshima, Junko Hirai, Shunji Ishihara, Riruke Maruyama, Yoshikazu Kinoshita
We successfully treated a 22-year-old woman with eosinophilic gastroenteritis (EGE) using a multiple food-elimination diet. The patient was diagnosed with EGE based on histopathological findings and initially treated with oral prednisolone. The symptoms immediately improved, although they recurred when prednisolone was tapered to a low dose. We then treated her with a multiple food-elimination diet, including milk, soy, eggs, wheat, nuts, seafood, and rice. During dietary treatment, we identified dairy products and eggs as causative foods of the symptoms, and we ceased prednisolone...
2018: ACG Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791992/role-of-the-duodenum-in-the-pathogenesis-of-functional-dyspepsia-a-paradigm-shift
#3
REVIEW
Hye-Kyung Jung, Nicholas J Talley
Functional dyspepsia (FD) is a common disorder characterized by chronic epigastric pain or burning, or bothersome postprandial fullness or early satiation, without a definitive organic cause. The pathogenesis of FD is likely heterogeneous. Classically, motor disorders, visceral hypersensitivity, and brain-gut interactions have been implicated in the pathophysiology of FD, but recently an important role for chronic low-grade inflammation and post-infectious gastroenteritis in FD has been reported and confirmed...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620603/eosinophilic-gastroenteritis-and-colitis-not-yet-ready-for-the-big-leagues
#4
Noam Zevit, Glenn T Furuta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 3, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596982/vedolizumab-treatment-may-reduce-steroid-burden-and-improve-histology-in-patients-with-eosinophilic-gastroenteritis
#5
Hannah P Kim, Craig C Reed, Hans H Herfarth, Evan S Dellon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 27, 2018: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29571889/nationwide-questionnaire-based-survey-of-oral-immunotherapy-in-japan
#6
Sakura Sato, Chizuko Sugizaki, Noriyuki Yanagida, Komei Ito, Yusei Ohshima, Naoki Shimojo, Takao Fujisawa, Motohiro Ebisawa
BACKGROUND: Clinical trials on oral immunotherapy (OIT) have been increasing for nearly a decade; however, several national guidelines do not recommend OIT as a standardized procedure. The aim of this study was to obtain insights into the current use and practice of OIT in Japan. METHODS: A first questionnaire was mailed to 524 training and teaching facilities of the Japan Pediatric Society. The first survey requested information on the implementation of OIT, whereas the second survey aimed to gather more detailed information on OIT, such as its safety...
March 20, 2018: Allergology International: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Allergology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29555104/eosinophilic-gastroenteritis-an-unusual-presentation-of-a-rare-disease
#7
D Sylva, L Tamayo, G Mosquera-Klinger, J J Carvajal, J C Pérez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 16, 2018: Revista de Gastroenterología de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29533199/eosinophilic-gastroenteritis-and-other-eosinophilic-gut-diseases-distal-to-the-oesophagus
#8
REVIEW
Marjorie M Walker, Michael Potter, Nicholas J Talley
Under normal physiological conditions, eosinophils are present throughout the gastrointestinal tract distal to the squamous oesophagus. Increases in their numbers signify primary and secondary eosinophilic conditions. The rare primary eosinophilic diseases eosinophilic gastroenteritis and eosinophilic colitis affect fewer than ten in 100 000 people, and are characterised by numerous mucosal eosinophils, distributed in sheets and sometimes extending from the mucosa into the submucosa. Pathogenesis of these diseases is poorly understood, but food allergies and intestinal dysbiosis have been implicated...
April 2018: Lancet. Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29528033/incidence-of-childhood-eosinophilic-esophagitis-in-central-brazil-how-many-are-we-missing
#9
L O Gonçalves, M M Lopes, E R Rezende, G Rs Segundo
BACKGROUND: Few studies have assessed the incidence of eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) in childhood. The study aim is to determine the incidence of EoE in pediatric patients submitted to upper gastrointestinal endoscopy (UGE), with analysis of epidemiological data regarding sex, age, symptomatology, the frequency of atopy and endoscopic and histological findings. METHODS: A retrospective, observational and analytical study performed with an evaluation of medical records of patients aged 0 to 14 years who underwent to upper gastrointestinal endoscopy in a tertiary hospital from January 2004 to January 2014...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Investigational Allergology & Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29488232/quantification-of-the-duodenal-eosinophil-content-in-adults-a-necessary-step-for-an-evidence-based-diagnosis-of-duodenal-eosinophilia
#10
R M Genta, A Sonnenberg, K Turner
BACKGROUND: The normal content of eosinophils in the adult duodenum remains undefined. Therefore, there is no foundation for evidence-based criteria to diagnose eosinophilic duodenitis. AIM: This study aimed at: (1) establishing the range of the eosinophil density in the mucosa of the duodenum of normal adults, and (2) determining the biopsy-based prevalence of isolated eosinophilic duodenitis in a large population of adults. METHODS: We counted intact eosinophils in three separate high-power fields (hpf area = 0...
April 2018: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29476289/impact-on-health-related-quality-of-life-in-adults-with-eosinophilic-gastritis-and-gastroenteritis-a-qualitative-assessment
#11
Alyse Bedell, Tiffany Taft, Meredith R Craven, Livia Guadagnoli, Ikuo Hirano, Nirmala Gonsalves
BACKGROUND: Eosinophilic gastritis (EG) and eosinophilic gastroenteritis (EGE) are chronic immune-mediated conditions of the digestive tract, which affect the stomach only, or the stomach and small intestines, respectively. Though these disorders are uncommon, they are being increasingly recognized and diagnosed. While health-related quality of life (HRQOL) has been evaluated in other eosinophilic gastrointestinal diseases, this study is the first to describe HRQOL impacts unique to EG/EGE...
May 2018: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434146/a-case-of-eosinophilic-gastroenteritis-in-which-obstructive-jaundice-developed-due-to-invagination-of-the-duodenal-wall
#12
Hitomi Hamamoto, Shinichi Hashimoto, Hiroki Taguchi, Issei Kojima, Ai Kasai, Kengo Tsuneyoshi, Kosuke Kuwazuru, Shiho Arima, Shuji Kanmura, Akio Ido
A 63-year-old woman was admitted with epigastric pain, eosinophilia, and elevated hepatobiliary enzyme levels. An upper gastrointestinal endoscopic examination showed that the mucosa of the gastroduodenal wall was edematous. Eosinophilic gastroenteritis (EGE) was diagnosed based on eosinophilic infiltration of the gastroduodenal mucosa. Computed tomography showed invagination of the duodenal wall into the common bile duct. The invagination of the duodenal wall improved after conservative therapy, while bile duct drainage was impossible due to the narrowing of the duodenal lumen...
February 9, 2018: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29366927/eosinophilic-gastroenteritis-presenting-with-gastric-perforation
#13
Katsunori Matsueda, Tatsuya Toyokawa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 31, 2018: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29363170/intestinal-overexpression-of-interleukin-il-15-promotes-tissue-eosinophilia-and-goblet-cell-hyperplasia
#14
Ahad Mussarat, Murli Manohar, Alok K Verma, Sathisha Upparahalli Venkateshaiah, Asifa Zaidi, Nathan L Sanders, Xiang Zhu, Anil Mishra
Interleukin (IL)-15 overexpression in eosinophilic gastrointestinal disorders is reported, but IL-15's role in promoting eosinophilic gastroenteritis is largely unknown. Therefore, we generated enterocyte-overexpressed IL-15 transgenic mice using Fabpi promoter. The Fabpi-IL-15 (iIL-15) transgenic mice showed induced IL-15 levels in the jejunum with a marked increase in jejunum eosinophils. However, no induction of eosinophilia in the blood or any other gastrointestinal segment was observed. Eosinophilia in the jejunum villus was substantially higher in iIL-15 mice compared to wild-type mice...
March 2018: Immunology and Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313586/eosinophilic-ascites-rarest-presentation-of-a-rare-disease-eosinophilic-gastroenteritis
#15
Iqbal Bagasarawala, J K Maniar, Abizer Manked, Hozefa Runderawala
Eosinophilic gastroenteritis (EGE) is an uncommon disease of unknown etiology reported in both adult and pediatric age group. Here we report a case of a 46-year-old HIV positive female who presented to us with ascites and abdominal distension with peripheral eosinophilia and diagnosed as EGE.
September 2017: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212311/a-prospective-study-on-the-prevalence-extent-of-disease-and-outcome-of-eosinophilic-gastroenteritis-in-patients-presenting-with-lower-abdominal-symptoms
#16
Chee K Hui, N Kit Hui
Background/Aims: The epidemiology of eosinophilic gastroenteritis remains unclear. We aim to determine the prevalence of eosinophilic gastroenteritis in patients with lower abdominal symptoms. Methods: In a prospective study, colonoscopy was performed on 2,469 consecutive patients. Biopsies were taken from the terminal ileum and ascending, transverse, descending and sigmoid colon in all patients. Results: Sixty-four of the 2,469 patients (2...
December 8, 2017: Gut and Liver
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130016/incidental-eosinophilic-chromophobe-renal-cell-carcinoma-in-renal-allograft
#17
Abdullah Alharbi, Maram S Al Turki, Noura Aloudah, Khaled O Alsaad
The incidence of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) in renal allograft in transplant recipients is 0.22-0.25%. De novo clear cell, papillary, and chromophobe RCCs and RCCs with sarcomatoid differentiation originating in renal allograft have been reported. Routine surveillance for graft tumours is not routinely practiced and these tumours are commonly asymptomatic and incidentally discovered. We describe a case of incidental, eosinophilic chromophobe RCC in a 31-year-old, long-term renal transplant male recipient, who presented with acute gastroenteritis 11 years after transplantation...
2017: Case Reports in Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127496/classification-of-eosinophilic-disorders-of-the-small-and-large-intestine
#18
Aoife J McCarthy, Kieran Sheahan
Eosinophilic gastrointestinal diseases (EGIDs), including eosinophilic gastroenteritis and eosinophilic colitis, have been increasing in prevalence in Western countries in recent years. Eosinophils are normally scanty in the gastrointestinal tract, and increased numbers of eosinophils can denote pathology. Normal values for tissue eosinophils vary widely between different segments of the colon, thus location of the biopsy is critically important for the interpretation of findings. However, no standard diagnostic criteria have been proposed for the diagnosis of eosinophilic gastroenteritis or eosinophilic colitis...
January 2018: Virchows Archiv: An International Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059642/diagnostic-algorithm-and-peculiarities-of-monitoring-for-infants-with-disorders-of-the-gastrointestinal-tract
#19
Tetyana O Kryuchko, Inna M Nesina, Olha Ya Tkachenko
INTRODUCTION: The most common medical conditions in infants, which belong to pediatric and gastroenterological disease areas, are functional gastrointestinal disorders, food hypersensitivity and food allergy. First of all, these symptoms can disguise lactase deficiency, cow's milk protein allergy, eosinophilic gastroenteritis, allergic proctocolitis, gastrointestinal manifestations of atopic dermatitis, functional disorders of gastrointestinal and biliary tract, etc. The aim of our study was to develop an algorithm of monitoring for infants with disorders of the gastrointestinal tract and to study the efficacy of probiotic and enzyme replacement therapy...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037954/-hematemesis-as-debut-of-eosinophilic-gastroenteritis-in-infants
#20
María Soriano-Ramos, Enrique Salcedo Lobato, Yolanda Rodríguez Gil, Enrique Medina Benítez, Pedro Urruzuno Tellería
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 13, 2017: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
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