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Eosinophilic gastritis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108982/eosinophilic-gastritis-with-involvement-of-esophageal-gastric-inlet-patch
#1
David G Forcione, Gregory Y Lauwers, John J Garber
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 3, 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089651/pyloric-obstruction-due-to-massive-eosinophilic-infiltration-in-a-young-adult-dog
#2
Alexandros O Konstantinidis, Mathios E Mylonakis, Dimitra Psalla, Nectarios Soubasis, Dimitrios Papadimitriou, Timoleon S Rallis
A 16-month-old dog was presented with chronic vomiting, anorexia, progressive weight loss, and melena. Exploratory laparotomy revealed a massive pyloric eosinophilic infiltration leading to pyloric obstruction that was treated successfully with pylorectomy. This is a novel clinical presentation of eosinophilic gastritis and highlights the need to consider it as a differential diagnosis for pyloric obstruction.
November 2017: Canadian Veterinary Journal. la Revue Vétérinaire Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065679/localized-gastric-amyloidosis-with-kappa-and-lambda-light-chain-co-expression
#3
Yong Hwan Ahn, Ye Young Rhee, Suck Chei Choi, Geom Seog Seo
Esophagogastroduodenoscopy for cancer screening was performed in a 55-year-old woman as part of a health screening program, and revealed a depressed lesion approximately 20 mm in diameter in the lesser curvature of the mid-gastric body. Several biopsy specimens were collected as the lesion resembled early gastric cancer; however, histopathologic evaluation revealed chronic active gastritis with an ulcer and amorphous eosinophilic material deposition. Congo red staining identified amyloid proteins, and apple-green birefringence was shown using polarized light microscopy...
October 26, 2017: Clinical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960628/treatment-of-gastric-eosinophilia-by-epicutaneous-immunotherapy-in-piglets-sensitized-to-peanuts
#4
L Mondoulet, N Kalach, V Dhelft, T Larcher, C Delayre-Orthez, P H Benhamou, J Spergel, H A Sampson, C Dupont
BACKGROUND: Eosinophilic Gastrointestinal Disorders (EGIDs) are hypersensitivity disorders frequently triggered by food allergy and manifested by mucosal eosinophilic infiltration at any level of the gastro-intestinal tract. This study established a model of gastric eosinophilia in peanut-sensitized piglets to evaluate the efficacy of epicutaneous immunotherapy (EPIT) for its treatment. METHODS: Experiments were carried out in piglets first sensitized by 3 intra-peritoneal injections of peanut protein extract (PPE) with adjuvant, and then given PPE orally for 10 days, a sequence leading to gastric eosinophilia assessed by endoscopy...
September 28, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906408/eosinophilic-gastroenteritis-presenting-as-upper-gastrointestinal-hematoma-and-ulcers-after-endoscopic-biopsy-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#5
REVIEW
Biqin Chen, Zhao Yang, Heng Lu, Cheng Wei, Fangyu Wang, Chang Liu
RATIONALE: Eosinphilic gastroenteritis (EG) is a gastrointestinal disorder characterized by eosinophilic infiltration with various manifestations. The diagnosis is usually confirmed by an endoscopic biopsy, which is considered a safe and routine procedure for the majority. PATIENT CONCERNS: We report a 54-year-old male who was presented with intermittent periumbilical pain and melena, and only revealed verrucous gastritis by endoscopy. DIAGNOSES: The patient's condition worsened two days after the endoscopic biopsy, and another endoscopy found hematoma and ulcers in upper gastrointestinal tract...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874963/russell-body-gastritis-with-dutcher-bodies-evaluated-using-magnification-endoscopy
#6
Kenji Yorita, Takehiro Iwasaki, Kunihisa Uchita, Naoto Kuroda, Koji Kojima, Shinichi Iwamura, Yutaka Tsutsumi, Akinobu Ohno, Hiroaki Kataoka
Russell body gastritis (RBG) is an unusual type of chronic gastritis characterized by marked infiltration of Mott cells, which are plasma cells filled with spherical eosinophilic bodies referred to as Russell bodies. It was initially thought that Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection was a major cause of RBG and that the infiltrating Mott cells were polyphenotypic; however, a number of cases of RBG without H. pylori infection or with monoclonal Mott cells have been reported. Thus, diagnostic difficulty exists in distinguishing RBG with monoclonal Mott cells from malignant lymphoma...
August 16, 2017: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737158/gastric-lesions-in-dolphins-stranded-along-the-eastern-adriatic-coast
#7
Jerko Hrabar, Ivana Bočina, Andrea Gudan Kurilj, Martina Đuras, Ivona Mladineo
Stranded cetaceans are often found with gastric lesions associated with the presence of parasites; most frequently, nematodes of the genus Anisakis and the heterophyd digenean trematode Pholeter gastrophilus. In this study, we present histopathology mainly (but not exclusively) related to these 2 parasite species. Macroscopically, lesions associated with the presence of Anisakis spp. were characterised by the presence of ulcers within the gastric mucosa, while the digenean P. gastrophilus was found within large submucosal fibrotic nodules in the gastric wall...
July 24, 2017: Diseases of Aquatic Organisms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675283/-eosinophilic-gastrointestinal-disorders
#8
Konstantin Burgmann, Christophe Brunel, Christine Sempoux, Camillo Ribi, Sébastien Godat, Darius Moradpour, Alain M Schoepfer
The term « eosinophilic gastrointestinal disorders » describes a group of diseases that comprises eosinophilic esophagitis, gastritis, enteritis, and colitis. Eosinophilic esophagitis is the most prevalent form while eosinophilic gastritis, enteritis, and colitis are rare. Food antigens have increasingly been found to trigger the inflammatory response. This review will highlight the epidemiology, clinical manifestations, diagnostic modalities and therapeutic options of eosinophilic gastritis, enteritis, and colitis...
August 31, 2016: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526277/gene-expression-patterns-in-distinct-endoscopic-findings-for-eosinophilic-gastritis-in-children
#9
Masamichi Sato, Tetsuo Shoda, Hirotaka Shimizu, Kanami Orihara, Kyoko Futamura, Akio Matsuda, Yoshiyuki Yamada, Rie Irie, Takako Yoshioka, Toshiaki Shimizu, Yukihiro Ohya, Ichiro Nomura, Kenji Matsumoto, Katsuhiro Arai
BACKGROUND: Eosinophilic gastritis (EG) is clinicopathologically characterized by both marked gastric eosinophilia and clinical symptoms. The endoscopic findings in EG vary among patients, leading to clinical confusion. However, little is known about the relationship between precise endoscopic findings and the pathophysiological process responsible for EG. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to elucidate whether the gross endoscopic findings of EG can be classified into distinct gene expression profiles...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491930/hypereosinophilic-syndrome-with-eosinophilic-gastritis
#10
Vignesh Hebri Nayak, Nesrin Yurttutan Engin, James Joseph Burns, Priyanka Ameta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405320/distinct-metaplastic-and-inflammatory-phenotypes-in-autoimmune-and-adenocarcinoma-associated-chronic-atrophic-gastritis
#11
Sangho Jeong, Eunyoung Choi, Christine P Petersen, Joseph T Roland, Alessandro Federico, Rossana Ippolito, Francesco P D'Armiento, Gerardo Nardone, Osamu Nagano, Hideyuki Saya, Marco Romano, James R Goldenring
BACKGROUND: Autoimmune gastritis (AIG) and adenocarcinoma-associated chronic atrophic gastritis (CAG) are both associated with oxyntic atrophy, but AIG patients demonstrate an increased risk of carcinoid tumors rather than the elevated risk of adenocarcinoma observed with CAG. We therefore sought to compare the characteristics of the metaplastic mucosa in AIG and CAG patients. METHODS: We examined markers for metaplasia (spasmolytic polypeptide expressing metaplasia (SPEM) and intestinal metaplasia) as well as proliferation (Ki67) and immune cell populations (neutrophils, macrophages, and eosinophils) in gastric sections from 16 female patients with autoimmune thyroiditis and AIG and 17 patients with CAG associated with gastric adenocarcinoma...
February 2017: United European Gastroenterology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338484/the-importance-of-biopsy-sampling-practices-in-the-pathologic-evaluation-of-gastrointestinal-disorders
#12
Nicole C Panarelli, Rhonda K Yantiss
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To summarize the literature regarding appropriate endoscopic sampling and surveillance protocols for common inflammatory diseases of the digestive tract. Gastroenterologists increasingly use endoscopy with mucosal biopsy to detect inflammatory diseases, assess response to therapy, and monitor for progression to dysplasia. RECENT FINDINGS: Many diseases show a patchy distribution in the digestive tract and there may be poor correlation between the endoscopic appearance and presence of histologic abnormalities...
September 2016: Current Opinion in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226319/oral-and-sublingual-immunotherapy-potential-causes-for-eosinophilic-gastrointestinal-disorders
#13
REVIEW
Delara Babaie, Mehrnaz Mesdaghi, Makoto Nishino, Mahboubeh Mansouri, Motohiro Ebisawa
Food allergy is a common health problem worldwide, with increasing prevalence during recent decades. The only approved treatments for food allergy are food avoidance and administration of emergency medications in case of accidental exposure, which negatively affects patients' quality of life, so new treatments are highly desirable. Different food immunotherapy modalities have recently been used, with variable success rates in the induction of desensitization and tolerance, and different numbers and types of adverse reactions...
2017: International Archives of Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216971/prediction-of-esophageal-and-gastric-histology-by-macroscopic-diagnosis-during-upper-endoscopy-in-pediatric-celiac-disease
#14
Erin D Boschee, Jason Y K Yap, Justine M Turner
AIM: To determine the sensitivity of macroscopic appearance for predicting histological diagnosis at sites other than duodenum in pediatric celiac disease (CD). METHODS: Endoscopic and histologic findings in pediatric patients undergoing upper endoscopy for first-time diagnosis of CD at Stollery Children's Hospital from 2010-2012 were retrospectively reviewed. RESULTS: Clinical charts from 140 patients were reviewed. Esophageal and gastric biopsies were taken in 54...
January 28, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118289/utility-of-gastric-and-duodenal-biopsies-during-follow-up-endoscopy-in-children-with-eosinophilic-esophagitis
#15
Sunpreet Kaur, John M Rosen, Alyssa A Kriegermeier, Joshua B Wechsler, Amir F Kagalwalla, Jeffrey B Brown
OBJECTIVES: Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is a chronic antigen-mediated immune disorder of the esophagus. Consensus guidelines recommend obtaining esophageal, gastric, and duodenal biopsies at diagnostic endoscopy when EoE is suspected. The utility of repeated gastric and duodenal biopsies during follow-up endoscopy in patients previously diagnosed with EoE is not established. The aim of the present study was to explore the role of gastric and duodenal biopsies in children with an established diagnosis of EoE undergoing repeat endoscopy to assess histological response to treatment...
October 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28113038/nuclear-glycogen-inclusions-in-canine-parietal-cells
#16
S Silvestri, E Lepri, C Dall'Aglio, M C Marchesi, G Vitellozzi
Nuclear glycogen inclusions occur infrequently in pathologic conditions but also in normal human and animal tissues. Their function or significance is unclear. To the best of the authors' knowledge, no reports of nuclear glycogen inclusions in canine parietal cells exist. After initial observations of nuclear inclusions/pseudoinclusions during routine histopathology, the authors retrospectively examined samples of gastric mucosa from dogs presenting with gastrointestinal signs for the presence of intranuclear inclusions/pseudoinclusions and determined their composition using histologic and electron-microscopic methods...
May 2017: Veterinary Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990837/unusual-presentation-of-infection-by-helicobacter-pylori-gastritis-associated-with-russell-bodies-infrequent-and-poorly-understood-pathology
#17
Viviana Parra Vargas, Diego M Aponte, Eligio Antonio Álvarez
Russell bodies gastritis is a very rare disease, with few cases reported in literature, and characterized by the finding of plasma cells with eosinophilic intracytoplasmic inclusions in the gastric mucosa, called Mott cells. Although it has been partnered since its first description to Helicobacter pylori infection, it is important to considered differential diagnoses such as lymphoplasmacytic lymphoma, mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma, plasmacytoma and signet ring cell carcinom. In this case report, we address a patient with histologic confirmation and her follow up...
January 2017: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27727140/eosinophilic-esophagitis-demographic-clinical-endoscopic-histologic-and-atopic-characteristics-of-children-and-teenagers-in-a-region-in-central-spain
#18
E Gómez Torrijos, P Sánchez Miranda, P Donado Palencia, A Castro Jimenez, J Rodriguez Sánchez, Y Mendez Díaz, L Moreno Lozano, R García Rodríguez
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is an increasingly prevalent chronic inflammatory disease of the esophagus with an immunoallergic etiology. Few studies have been published on EoE in children and adolescents. The objective of this study was to analyze the demographic, clinical, serologic, endoscopic-histologic, and atopic characteristics of pediatric patients with EoE and to identify atopic and digestive comorbidities. METHODS: We conducted a prospective observational study in children and adolescents (<16 years) assessed in a specialized multidisciplinary EoE unit in a tertiary referral hospital in a central region of Spain between 2011 and 2015...
2017: Journal of Investigational Allergology & Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27478819/the-utility-of-endoscopic-biopsies-in-patients-with-normal-upper-endoscopy
#19
Anouar Teriaky, Abdullah AlNasser, Carolyn McLean, James Gregor, Brian Yan
Background and Aims. Upper endoscopy is a valuable tool in the workup of gastrointestinal (GI) complaints. The purpose of this study is to determine cost and yield of taking biopsies in a normal upper GI tract. Methods. This is a retrospective study where all upper GI biopsies were identified between May 2012 and April 2013, at a tertiary care center. Clinical, procedural, and pathology reports were reviewed to identify patient demographics, procedure information, and pathology diagnosis. Results. Biopsies of the upper GI tract were taken in 1297 patients with normal upper endoscopies...
2016: Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27412691/simultaneous-or-sequential-gastrectomy-in-pediatric-liver-transplant-recipients
#20
Karina M O Roda, Eduardo A Fonseca, Helry L Candido, Marcel R Benavides, Rogerio C Afonso, Renata Pugliese, Rodrigo Vincenzi, Paulo Chapchap, Joao Seda Neto
The association between LT and gastrectomy is not common. Only two studies reported the gastrectomy/LT association in children. Here, we report three children who underwent LT who required a concomitant or sequential gastrectomy for different reasons. Patient 1, a 16-yr-old boy, during the LT, underwent a partial gastrectomy due to extensive injury to the duodenum. He had a previous and unusual portoenterostomy performed in the duodenum. Bowel reconstruction was performed using an intestinal loop that was first used for the bilio-enteric anastomosis and then connected to the gastric stump...
November 2016: Pediatric Transplantation
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