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Appendiceal adenocarcinoma

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133621/the-mutational-landscape-of-gastrointestinal-malignancies-as-reflected-by-circulating-tumor-dna
#1
Paul Riviere, Paul T Fanta, Sadakatsu Ikeda, Joel Baumgartner, Gregory M Heestand, Razelle Kurzrock
We aimed to assess the utility of a novel, non-invasive method of detecting genomic alterations in patients with gastrointestinal malignancies i.e., the use of liquid biopsies to obtain blood-derived circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) through an analysis of the genomic landscape of ctDNA (68 genes) from 213 patients with advanced gastrointestinal cancers. The most common cancer types were colorectal adenocarcinoma (N=55 (26%)), appendiceal adenocarcinoma (N=46 (22%)), hepatocellular carcinoma (N=31 (15%)), and pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (N=25 (12%))...
November 13, 2017: Molecular Cancer Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017824/early-postoperative-intraperitoneal-chemotherapy-is-associated-with-survival-benefit-for-appendiceal-adenocarcinoma-with-peritoneal-dissemination
#2
Yeqian Huang, Nayef A Alzahrani, Winston Liauw, Hussein Soudy, Abdulaziz M Alzahrani, David L Morris
INTRODUCTION: The combined approach of cytoreductive surgery (CRS) with hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) has achieved encouraging outcomes for patients with PMCA with peritoneal dissemination. However, there is little evidence for the use of EPIC in addition to HIPEC in this group of patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective study of prospectively collected data of consecutive patients with PMCA who underwent CRS and perioperative intraperitoneal chemotherapy by one surgical team at St George Hospital in Sydney, Australia between Jan 1996 and Aug 2016...
September 28, 2017: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979717/stratification-of-outcomes-for-mucinous-appendiceal-adenocarcinoma-with-peritoneal-metastasis-by-histological-grade
#3
Travis Edward Grotz, Richard E Royal, Paul F Mansfield, Michael James Overman, Gary N Mann, Kristen Ashlee Robinson, Karen A Beaty, Safiea Rafeeq, Auerlio Matamoros, Michelle W Taggart, Keith Francis Fournier
AIM: To investigate the importance of a three-tiered histologic grade on outcomes for patients with mucinous appendiceal adenocarcinoma (MAA). METHODS: Two hundred and sixty-five patients with MAA undergoing cytoreductive surgery and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy were identified from a prospective database from 2004 through 2014. All pathology was reviewed by our gastrointestinal subspecialty pathologists and histological grade was classified as well-differentiated, moderately differentiated, and poorly differentiated...
September 15, 2017: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28968158/satb2-as-an-immunohistochemical-marker-for-colorectal-adenocarcinoma-a-concise-review-of-benefits-and-pitfalls
#4
REVIEW
Kyra B Berg, David F Schaeffer
SATB2 is part of the family of matrix attachment region-binding transcription factors, and has developmental roles in craniofacial, neural, and osteoblastic differentiation. Recently, SATB2 has been shown to be highly expressed in the epithelium of the lower gastrointestinal tract, with a relatively narrow expression profile in malignancies, including colorectal/appendiceal adenocarcinomas, tumors of osteoblastic differentiation, and renal/urothelial carcinomas. SATB2 has gained interest as a relatively specific marker of colorectal differentiation, with potential applications including determining origin of adenocarcinomas of unknown primary and distinguishing primary ovarian mucinous adenocarcinomas from colorectal metastases...
October 2017: Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914716/diagnostic-utility-of-satb2-in-metastatic-krukenberg-tumors-of-the-ovary-an-immunohistochemical-study-of-70-cases-with-comparison-to-cdx2-ck7-ck20-chromogranin-and-synaptophysin
#5
Chen Yang, Li Sun, Lingxin Zhang, Lixin Zhou, Ming Zhao, Yan Peng, Dongfeng Niu, Zhongwu Li, Xiaozheng Huang, Qiang Kang, Lin Jia, Jinping Lai, Dengfeng Cao
SATB2 is a sensitive marker for colorectal adenocarcinomas. No study has investigated its diagnostic utility in metastatic Krukenberg tumors (MKTs) of the ovary. Here we performed immunohistochemical staining SATB2 in 70 MKTs of various origins (stomach 27, colorectum 13, appendix 20 including 19 metastatic adenocarcinomas ex goblet cell carcinoids [AdexGCC] and 1 conventional poorly differentiated carcinoma with signet ring cells, breast 5, bladder 3, lung 2) to assess its diagnostic utility. We also compared SATB2 with CDX2, CK7, CK20, chromogranin, and synaptophysin in MKTs of gastric origin (MKTs-stomach), those of colorectal origin (MKTs-colorectum) and those due to appendiceal AdexGCCs (MKT-AdexGCCs) for their sensitivity and specificity to distinguish these tumors...
September 13, 2017: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868010/clinical-benefit-from-trametinib-in-a-patient-with-appendiceal-adenocarcinoma-with-a-gnas-r201h-mutation
#6
Celina Ang, Aryeh Stollman, Hongfa Zhu, Umut Sarpel, Bethann Scarborough, Gagan Sahni, Sherri Z Millis
We report the case of a patient with appendiceal adenocarcinoma with mucinous peritoneal carcinomatosis who was treated with trametinib upon identification of a GNAS R201H mutation by comprehensive genomic profiling. The molecular pathology of appendiceal neoplasms is reviewed, and the mechanistic basis underlying the clinical benefit as well as the subsequent course on trametinib that were observed in this patient are discussed.
May 2017: Case Reports in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855982/peritoneal-metastases-of-rare-carcinomas-treated-with-cytoreductive-surgery-and-hipec-a-single-center-case-series
#7
Andreas Brandl, Christina Barbara Zielinski, Wieland Raue, Johann Pratschke, Beate Rau
INTRODUCTION: In selected cases, cytoreductive surgery (CRS) and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) is an established treatment for patients suffering from peritoneal metastases from colorectal, ovarian, gastric or appendiceal origin. The effectiveness of this extensive has not been elucidated within other rare diseases by now. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of patients treated with CRS for peritoneal carcinomatosis during the period between July 2010 and September 2015...
October 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756772/giant-mucinous-adenocarcinoma-of-the-appendix-a-case-report
#8
Sheng-Chun Dang, Ming-Ming Sun, Lu-Lu Liu, Abdul Malik, Jian-Xin Zhang, Yi-Yi Fan, Song Zou, Lei Cui, Jian-Guo Qu, Ji-Xiang Chen
BACKGROUND: Appendiceal mucinous adenocarcinoma is an extremely rare disease in clinical practice. Here, we report a case of unprecedented size that occupied the entire abdomen of a man. CASE PRESENTATION: A 49-year-old Chinese Han man presented with symptoms of abdominal distension. During a computed tomography imaging examination, a cystic-solid mass that occupied his entire abdominal cavity was detected. During exploratory laparotomy, an appendiceal tumor in his abdominal-pelvic cavity measuring 27...
July 31, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746986/the-histopathological-classification-diagnosis-and-differential-diagnosis-of-mucinous-appendiceal-neoplasms-appendiceal-adenocarcinomas-and-pseudomyxoma-peritonei
#9
REVIEW
Norman J Carr, Frederic Bibeau, Robert F Bradley, Peggy Dartigues, Roger M Feakins, Kim R Geisinger, Xianyong Gui, Sylvie Isaac, Massimo Milione, Joseph Misdraji, Reetesh K Pai, Manuel Rodriguez-Justo, Leslie H Sobin, Marie-Louise F van Velthuysen, Rhonda K Yantiss
The vermiform appendix is the primary site of several distinctive benign and malignant neoplasms. Some can produce the clinical syndrome of pseudomyxoma peritonei (PMP). A consensus on their terminology was reached by an international panel of pathologists and clinicians working under the auspices of the Peritoneal Surface Oncology Group International (PSOGI) and this review discusses the application of the PSOGI classification to routine reporting. We discuss diagnosis and differential diagnosis together with implications for patient management, covering low-grade appendiceal mucinous neoplasms, high-grade appendiceal mucinous neoplasms, serrated polyps, adenomas, and adenocarcinomas...
July 26, 2017: Histopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711650/role-of-satb2-in-distinguishing-the-site-of-origin-in-glandular-lesions-of-the-bladder-urinary-tract
#10
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Giovanna Angela Giannico, Allen M Gown, Jonathan I Epstein, Frank Revetta, Justin A Bishop
The differential diagnosis of glandular lesions of the bladder/urinary tract can be challenging because of significant morphologic and immunohistochemical overlap between primary lesions and metastasis/direct extension from adjacent organs. Special AT-rich sequence-binding protein 2 (SATB2), encoded on chromosome 2q32-33, is a recently described DNA-binding protein involved in osteoblast lineage commitment and expressed in colorectal and appendiceal neoplasms. In this study, we hypothesized that immunohistochemistry for SATB2 may be of value in distinguishing primary adenocarcinoma of the bladder/urinary tract and urothelial carcinoma with glandular differentiation from gastrointestinal and endocervical primaries...
September 2017: Human Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705789/treatment-of-peritoneal-dissemination-in-stomach-cancer-patients-with-cytoreductive-surgery-and-hyperthermic-intraperitoneal-chemotherapy-hipec-rationale-and-design-of-the-periscope-study
#11
Rosa T van der Kaaij, Hidde Jw Braam, Henk Boot, Maartje Los, Annemieke Cats, Cecile Grootscholten, Jan Hm Schellens, Arend Gj Aalbers, Alwin Dr Huitema, Catherijne Aj Knibbe, Djamila Boerma, Marinus J Wiezer, Bert van Ramshorst, Johanna W van Sandick
BACKGROUND: Patients with gastric cancer and peritoneal carcinomatosis have a very poor prognosis; median survival is 3 to 4 months. Palliative systemic chemotherapy is currently the only treatment available in the Netherlands. Intraoperative hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) has an established role in the treatment of peritoneal carcinomatosis originating from colorectal cancer, appendiceal cancer, and pseudomyxoma peritonei; its role in gastric cancer is uncertain. Currently, there is no consensus on the choice of chemotherapeutic agents used in HIPEC for gastric cancer...
July 13, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695394/cytoreductive-surgery-and-hyperthermic-intraperitoneal-chemotherapy-for-moderately-and-poorly-differentiated-appendiceal-adenocarcinoma-survival-outcomes-and-patient-selection
#12
Travis E Grotz, Michael J Overman, Cathy Eng, Kanwal P Raghav, Richard E Royal, Paul F Mansfield, Gary N Mann, Kristen A Robinson, Karen A Beaty, Safia Rafeeq, Aurelio Matamoros, Melissa W Taggart, Keith F Fournier
BACKGROUND: Moderately and poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma of the appendix represents an aggressive histological variant with a high risk of recurrence and death. METHODS: Overall, 178 patients with moderately and poorly differentiated appendiceal adenocarcinoma were identified from a prospective database. Clinical, pathologic, and treatment factors were analyzed for outcomes. RESULTS: Diagnostic laparoscopy (DL) identified radiographic occult peritoneal metastasis in 25 (42%) patients...
September 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643069/lessons-learned-from-a-phase-ii-clinical-trial-of-laparoscopic-hipec-for-gastric-cancer
#13
Brian Badgwell, Mariela Blum, Prajnan Das, Jeannelyn Estrella, Xuemei Wang, Keith Fournier, Richard Royal, Paul Mansfield, Jaffer Ajani
BACKGROUND: Over the last two decades, intraperitoneal chemotherapy has been found to have activity for select subgroups of patients with carcinomatosis from colon, ovarian, appendiceal, and recently, gastric origins. However, there is little data to support an aggressive surgical approach of cytoreduction (debulking) and hyperthermic intraperitoneal perfusion with chemotherapy (HIPEC) for patients with gastric cancer and positive cytology or carcinomatosis. The morbidity and mortality rates of cytoreduction and HIPEC, in combination with gastrectomy, are significant and the survival rates of this approach may not extend beyond that of treatment with systemic chemotherapy...
June 22, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591173/overinterpretation-is-common-in-pathological-diagnosis-of-appendix-cancer-during-patient-referral-for-oncologic-care
#14
Mark A Valasek, Irene Thung, Esha Gollapalle, Alexey A Hodkoff, Kaitlyn J Kelly, Joel M Baumgartner, Vera Vavinskaya, Grace Y Lin, Ann P Tipps, Mojgan V Hosseini, Andrew M Lowy
CONTEXT: Low-grade appendiceal mucinous neoplasm (LAMN) and appendiceal adenocarcinoma are known to cause the majority of pseudomyxoma peritonei (PMP, i.e. mucinous ascites); however, recognition and proper classification of these neoplasms can be difficult despite established diagnostic criteria. OBJECTIVE: To determine the pathological diagnostic concordance for appendix neoplasia and related lesions during patient referral to an academic medical center specialized in treating patients with PMP...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567182/adenocarcinoma-of-the-appendix-presenting-as-a-palpable-right-thigh-mass
#15
REVIEW
Marci Handler, Neil Anand, Lawrence Wei, Peter Snieckus
Intra-abdominal and intra-pelvic pathologies initially presenting in extra-abdominal/pelvic locations is unusual. This spread predominantly occurs with infectious processes to sites including the buttock, thigh, and calf. The routes of extension into adjacent anatomically weak compartments include the pelvic outlet, greater sciatic foramen, obturator foramen, inguinal or femoral canal, weak bones, or along nerves and blood vessels. Malignant neoplasms of the appendix, while extremely rare and accounting for only 0...
April 2017: Journal of Radiology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559785/an-uncommon-cause-of-small-bowel-bleeding-from-appendiceal-carcinoma
#16
REVIEW
Teeranut Boonpipattanapong, Siriboon Attasaranya, Kanita Kayasut, Surasak Sangkhathat, Bancha Ovartlarnporn
Massive hematochezia caused by a small bowel lesion is a rare entity. Currently, video capsule endoscopy and balloon-assisted enteroscopy are effective in identifying the source of small intestine bleeding. Herein, we report a case of small bowel bleeding caused by a nonmucinous appendiceal adenocarcinoma with ileal invasion which was detected by video capsule endoscopy and single-balloon endoscopy. Despite the advanced disease stage with hepatic and peritoneal metastases, as of September 2016 the patient has had 8 years' disease-free survival after surgical resection and chemotherapy...
January 2017: Case Reports in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551326/appendiceal-goblet-cell-carcinoid-common-errors-in-staging-and-clinical-interpretation-with-a-proposal-for-an-improved-terminology
#17
Kwun Wah Wen, Gillian Hale, Nafis Shafizadeh, Mojgan Hosseini, Anne Huang, Sanjay Kakar
Goblet cell carcinoid (GCC) is staged and treated as adenocarcinoma (AC) and not as neuroendocrine tumor (NET) or neuroendocrine carcinoma. The term carcinoid may lead to incorrect interpretation as NET. The aim of the study was to explore pitfalls in staging and clinical interpretation of GCC and mixed GCC-AC, and propose strategies to avoid common errors. Diagnostic terminology, staging, and clinical interpretation were evaluated in 58 cases (27 GCCs, 31 mixed GCC-ACs). Opinions were collected from 23 pathologists using a survey...
July 2017: Human Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549831/adenocarcinoma-of-the-appendix-with-extra-appendicular-spread-clinico-surgical-and-histologic-analysis-of-27-cases
#18
Francisco J Morera Ocón, Bruno Camps Vilata, Elena Muñoz Forner, Clara Navarro Campoy, Javier Gallego Plazas, Samuel Navarro Fos
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Appendiceal neoplasms with extra-appendiceal spread may show different clinical patterns with pseudomyxoma peritonei (PMP) being one of them. We analyse the results in a series of patients treated in our centre. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Retrospective study of patients operated on for appendiceal peritoneal carcinomatosis from January 2012 to May 2015. RESULTS: Twenty-seven consecutive patients were included. Median age 63 years (26-73); 14 were men...
May 23, 2017: Medicina Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506255/retrospective-study-of-nonmucinous-appendiceal-adenocarcinomas-role-of-systemic-chemotherapy-and-cytoreductive-surgery
#19
Marc Uemura, Wei Qiao, Keith Fournier, Jeffrey Morris, Paul Mansfield, Cathy Eng, Richard E Royal, Robert A Wolff, Kanwal Raghav, Gary N Mann, Michael J Overman
BACKGROUND: Mucinous appendiceal adenocarcinomas (AAs) are the most common histological subset of AAs. Nonmucinous AAs have been infrequently studied. We performed a single-center retrospective study to investigate this histological subtype. METHODS: We reviewed 172 patient records with nonmucinous AAs treated at MD Anderson Cancer Center from Jan, 1990 to Jun, 2015 and recorded patient demographics, tumor characteristics, treatment, and outcomes. Response rate (RR) was assessed semi-quantitatively (response/no response) according to the treating physician's findings...
May 15, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449607/adenocarcinoma-ex-goblet-cell-carcinoid-of-the-appendix-with-metastatic-peritoneal-spread-to-meckel-s-diverticulum-and-endometriosis
#20
Brett Matthew Lowenthal, Grace Y Lin, Ann M Ponsford Tipps, Mojgan Hosseini
Adenocarcinoma ex-goblet cell carcinoid is a very rare and histologically unique appendiceal malignancy with dual glandular and neuroendocrine differentiation. There is a high incidence of this tumor among middle-aged women with metastasis to the gynecologic tract with the mode of metastasis following peritoneal spread rather than hematogenous distribution. Adenocarcinoma ex-goblet cell carcinoid can spread to any peritoneal site including ovaries or omentum. We report a 37-year-old healthy woman who initially presented with right lower quadrant abdominal pain and pseudomyxoma peritonei...
April 1, 2017: International Journal of Surgical Pathology
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