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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237004/nuclear-medicine-in-pediatric-cardiology
#1
REVIEW
Ornella Milanesi, Giovanni Stellin, Pietro Zucchetta
Accurate cardiovascular imaging is essential for the successful management of patients with congenital heart disease (CHD). Echocardiography and angiography have been for long time the most important imaging modalities in pediatric cardiology, but nuclear medicine has contributed in many situations to the comprehension of physiological consequences of CHD, quantifying pulmonary blood flow symmetry or right-to-left shunting. In recent times, remarkable improvements in imaging equipments, particularly in multidetector computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging, have led to the progressive integration of high resolution modalities in the clinical workup of children affected by CHD, reducing the role of diagnostic angiography...
March 2017: Seminars in Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28235058/cardiovascular-disease-risk-prediction-by-the-american-college-of-cardiology-acc-american-heart-association-aha-atherosclerotic-cardiovascular-disease-ascvd-risk-score-among-hiv-infected-patients-in-sub-saharan-africa
#2
Mosepele Mosepele, Linda C Hemphill, Tommy Palai, Isaac Nkele, Kara Bennett, Shahin Lockman, Virginia A Triant
OBJECTIVES: HIV-infected patients are at increased risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD). However, general population CVD risk prediction equations that identify HIV-infected patients at elevated risk have not been widely assessed in sub-Saharan African (SSA). METHODS: HIV-infected adults from 30-50 years of age with documented viral suppression were enrolled into a cross-sectional study in Gaborone, Botswana. Participants were screened for CVD risk factors. Bilateral carotid intima-media thickness (cIMT) was measured and 10-year predicted risk of cardiovascular disease was calculated using the Pooled Cohorts Equation for atherosclerotic CVD (ASCVD) and the 2008 Framingham Risk Score (FRS) (National Cholesterol Education Program III-NCEP III)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28233956/opinions-regarding-the-effectiveness-of-non-pharmacological-measures-in-prevention-of-cardiovascular-disease-in-the-czech-republic
#3
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVE: Cardiovascular diseases are the most common cause of deaths. Cardiovascular mortality is influenced by several factors that can be changed by our behaviour. The goal of this study was to survey the opinions of physicians and nurses on the topic of preventative cardiovascular risk factors. METHODS: The inquiry was carried out using a standardized structured interviewer-respondent interview (face-to-face). The final form of the interview was based on the results of a pre-investigation...
December 24, 2016: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28233955/areas-of-health-education-of-physicians-and-nurses-in-care-for-cardiac-patients-from-the-perspective-of-citizens-of-the-czech-republic
#4
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVES: The goal of this article was to assess the delivery of patient health-education, relative to cardiovascular disease from the perspective of physicians and nurses, as well as from the perspective of citizens living in the Czech Republic. METHODS: The article is based on data acquired from the "Intervention procedures in preventive cardiology" grant project. To evaluate patient health education, non-standardized questionnaires intended for physicians (n = 1000) and nurses (n = 1000) were used...
December 24, 2016: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28233014/-diabetology-as-an%C3%A2-interdisciplinary-challenge
#5
D Müller-Wieland, N Marx
Type 2 diabetes mellitus is a growing chronic disease with a complex pathophysiology and multiple therapeutic options. Clinical prognosis is determined by multimorbidity and cardiovascular complications. For example, the prognosis of patients with diabetes hospitalized for heart failure is very poor with up to 50% mortality rate over the 3 years thereafter. Therefore, three levels have to be addressed in our approach to interdisciplinary diabetes care: screening and prevention, efficient patient-centered drug therapy, and a strategy for care including social environment of the patient suffering from complex diseases...
February 23, 2017: Der Internist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231933/international-recommendations-for-electrocardiographic-interpretation-in%C3%A2-athletes
#6
REVIEW
Sanjay Sharma, Jonathan A Drezner, Aaron Baggish, Michael Papadakis, Mathew G Wilson, Jordan M Prutkin, Andre La Gerche, Michael J Ackerman, Mats Borjesson, Jack C Salerno, Irfan M Asif, David S Owens, Eugene H Chung, Michael S Emery, Victor F Froelicher, Hein Heidbuchel, Carmen Adamuz, Chad A Asplund, Gordon Cohen, Kimberly G Harmon, Joseph C Marek, Silvana Molossi, Josef Niebauer, Hank F Pelto, Marco V Perez, Nathan R Riding, Tess Saarel, Christian M Schmied, David M Shipon, Ricardo Stein, Victoria L Vetter, Antonio Pelliccia, Domenico Corrado
Sudden cardiac death (SCD) is the leading cause of mortality in athletes during sport. A variety of mostly hereditary, structural, or electrical cardiac disorders are associated with SCD in young athletes, the majority of which can be identified or suggested by abnormalities on a resting 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG). Whether used for diagnostic or screening purposes, physicians responsible for the cardiovascular care of athletes should be knowledgeable and competent in ECG interpretation in athletes. However, in most countries a shortage of physician expertise limits wider application of the ECG in the care of the athlete...
February 28, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227933/classification-of-severity-of-mitral-regurgitation-patients-using-multifractal-analysis
#7
Rijil Thomas, Ling Lieng Hsi, Soh Cheong Boon, Erry Gunawan, Rijil Thomas, Ling Lieng Hsi, Soh Cheong Boon, Erry Gunawan, Soh Cheong Boon, Erry Gunawan, Ling Lieng Hsi
Owing to its efficiency and cost effectiveness, auscultation using a stethoscope is the primary diagnosis method preferred by most medical examiners for cardiovascular disease. Phonocardiography (PCG) is the next level of auscultation and an effective analysis technique in cardiology. This paper presents a method to quantify Mitral Regurgitation (MR) using PCG. MR is one of the most common cardiovascular diseases associated with a defect in mitral valve. We analyzed the multifractal nature of heart sounds with murmur followed by classification and clustering using Hurst exponents...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226978/improving-clinical-models-based-on-knowledge-extracted-from-current-datasets-a-new-approach
#8
D Mendes, S Paredes, T Rocha, P Carvalho, J Henriques, J Morais, D Mendes, S Paredes, T Rocha, P Carvalho, J Henriques, J Morais, D Mendes, T Rocha, P Carvalho, J Morais, S Paredes, J Henriques
The Cardiovascular Diseases (CVD) are the leading cause of death in the world, being prevention recognized to be a key intervention able to contradict this reality. In this context, although there are several models and scores currently used in clinical practice to assess the risk of a new cardiovascular event, they present some limitations. The goal of this paper is to improve the CVD risk prediction taking into account the current models as well as information extracted from real and recent datasets. This approach is based on a decision tree scheme in order to assure the clinical interpretability of the model...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224448/comparison-of-esc-and-acc-aha-guidelines-for-myocardial-revascularization
#9
Jim Stirrup, Alejandro Velasco, Fadi G Hage, Eliana Reyes
In 2014, the Task Force on Myocardial Revascularization of the European Society of Cardiology and the European Association for Cardio-Thoracic Surgery with the special contribution of the European Association of Percutaneous Cardiovascular Interventions published a comprehensive set of recommendations on myocardial revascularization in patients presenting with acute or chronic coronary artery disease. In the United States, pertinent guidance on this topic has been published by the American College of Cardiology, American Heart Association and other relevant societies in multiple guideline documents that have been published in recent years...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Nuclear Cardiology: Official Publication of the American Society of Nuclear Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218249/complexity-variability-assessment-of-nonlinear-time-varying-cardiovascular-control
#10
Gaetano Valenza, Luca Citi, Ronald G Garcia, Jessica Noggle Taylor, Nicola Toschi, Riccardo Barbieri
The application of complex systems theory to physiology and medicine has provided meaningful information about the nonlinear aspects underlying the dynamics of a wide range of biological processes and their disease-related aberrations. However, no studies have investigated whether meaningful information can be extracted by quantifying second-order moments of time-varying cardiovascular complexity. To this extent, we introduce a novel mathematical framework termed complexity variability, in which the variance of instantaneous Lyapunov spectra estimated over time serves as a reference quantifier...
February 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210012/echocardiographic-parameters-as-life-quality-predictors-in-patients-after-myocardial-infarction-treated-with-different-methods
#11
Alen Dzubur, Mevludin Mekic, Senad Pesto, Naser Nabil
INTRODUCTION: Cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of death in most countries. The aim was to examine the quality of life and to determine the differences in the quality of life in patients one year after myocardial infarction and the relationship between quality of life and echocardiographic parameters in these patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The research was a prospective, clinical, epidemiological study and was conducted at the Clinic of Cardiology, University Clinical Center Sarajevo (UCCS)...
December 2016: Medical Archives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209375/suboptimal-achievement-of-low-density-lipoprotein-cholesterol-targets-in-french-patients-with-coronary-heart-disease-contemporary-data-from-the-dysis-ii-acs-chd-study
#12
Jean Ferrières, Maja Velkovski Rouyer, Dominik Lautsch, Veronica Ashton, Baishali M Ambegaonkar, Philippe Brudi, Anselm K Gitt
BACKGROUND: European guidelines recommend a low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) target of<1.8mmol/L (70mg/dL), and/or a≥50% reduction when the target level cannot be reached, for patients at very high cardiovascular risk, and high-potency lipid-lowering therapy (LLT) in patients with an acute coronary syndrome (ACS). AIM: To document the prevalence of lipid abnormalities and the achievement of lipid targets among patients surviving an ACS and in patients with stable coronary heart disease (CHD), using data from the DYSIS II study...
February 13, 2017: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198688/cardiopulmonary-exercise-testing-a-contemporary-and-versatile-clinical-tool
#13
REVIEW
Kenneth Leclerc
Cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) helps in detecting disorders of the cardiovascular, pulmonary, and skeletal muscle systems. It has a class I (indicated) recommendation from the American College of Cardiology and American Heart Association for evaluating exertional dyspnea of uncertain cause and for evaluating cardiac patients being considered for heart transplant. Advances in hardware and software and ease of use have brought its application into the clinical arena to the point that providers should become familiar with it and consider it earlier in the evaluation of their patients...
February 2017: Cleveland Clinic Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197939/prenatal-counseling-of-fetal-congenital-heart-disease
#14
REVIEW
Caroline K Lee
The field of fetal cardiology has advanced greatly over the last two decades and congenital heart defects can now be identified in utero with a high level of accuracy. Prenatal counseling of parents given the news of a fetal cardiac defect is an important role of the fetal cardiologist. Prenatal counseling is a complex task that requires skill to perform and interpret fetal echocardiograms, an understanding of fetal and postnatal cardiovascular physiology, knowledge of therapeutic and surgical options, and of long-term outcomes including quality of life...
January 2017: Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194727/review-of-cardiovascular-imaging-in-the-journal-of-nuclear-cardiology-in-2016-part-1-of-2-positron-emission-tomography-computed-tomography-and-magnetic-resonance
#15
Wael AlJaroudi, Fadi G Hage
Several original articles and editorials have been published in the Journal of Nuclear Cardiology last year. It has become a tradition at the beginning of each year to summarize some of these key articles (AlJaroudi and Hage in J Nucl Cardiol 22:507-512, 2015, 23:122-130, 2016; Hage and AlJaroudi in J Nucl Cardiol 22:714-719, 2015; 23:493-498, 2016). In this part one, we will discuss some of the progress made in patients with infiltrative disease, cardiomyopathies (non-ischemic, ischemic, and diabetic), hybrid and molecular imaging, using advancement in positron emission tomography, computed tomography, and magnetic resonance imaging...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Nuclear Cardiology: Official Publication of the American Society of Nuclear Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193604/telemedicine-in-pediatric-cardiology-a-scientific-statement-from-the-american-heart-association
#16
Gary M Satou, Karen Rheuban, Dale Alverson, Mark Lewin, Christopher Mahnke, James Marcin, Gerard R Martin, Lisa Schmitz Mazur, David J Sahn, Sanket Shah, Reed Tuckson, Catherine L Webb, Craig A Sable
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 13, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191271/the-unchartered-frontier-preventive-cardiology-between-the-ages-of-15-and-35-years
#17
Holly Gooding, Heather M Johnson
It is well established that atherosclerosis, the pathological basis of cardiovascular disease (CVD), begins in childhood and progresses steadily between the ages of 15 to 35 years. These adolescent and young adult years are also marked by significant physiological, psychological, and sociodemographic changes that impact both CVD risk factor development and CVD prevention and treatment strategies. In this review, we highlight the importance of the primordial prevention of CVD risk factors before they ever occur and the primary prevention of CVD by treating CVD risk factors in this age group...
September 2016: Current Cardiovascular Risk Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185171/neprilysin-inhibitors-in-cardiovascular-disease
#18
REVIEW
Guson Kang, Dipanjan Banerjee
Mortality from heart failure remains high despite advances in medical therapy over the last three decades. Angiotensin receptor-neprilysin inhibitor (ARNI) combinations are the latest addition to the heart failure medical armamentarium, which is built on the cornerstone regimen of beta blockers, angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors/angiotensin receptor blockers, and aldosterone antagonists. Recent trial data have shown a significant mortality benefit from ARNIs, which, as of May 2016, have now received a class I recommendation for use in patients with heart failure and reduced ejection fraction from the major American and European cardiology societies...
February 2017: Current Cardiology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181210/the-differences-in-ecgs-interpretation-in-top-level-athletes
#19
Agnieszka A Jakubiak, Krystyna Burkhard-Jagodzińska, Wojciech Król, Marcin Konopka, Dominik Bursa, Dariusz Sitkowski, Marek Kuch, Wojciech Braksator
BACKGROUND: The Ministry of Health in Poland recommends ECG- based cardiovascular screening in athletes, but so far, there is lack of guidelines on preparticipation assessment. We compared different criteria of ECG screening assessment in the group of top-level athletes. AIMS: The aims were to evaluate the prevalence of ECG changes in athletes that necessitate further cardiological work-up according to three criteria in various age groups as well as to identify factors determining the occurrence of changes related and unrelated to the training...
February 9, 2017: Kardiologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181106/risk-factor-control-in-secondary-prevention-of-cardiovascular-disease-results-from-the-multi-ethnic-helius-study
#20
M Minneboo, S Lachman, M B Snijder, J T Vehmeijer, H T Jørstad, R J G Peters
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the quality of contemporary secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease (CVD), and the differences between six ethnic groups in a large, observational cohort. DESIGN: We included participants with a self-reported history of CVD from the HEalthy LIfe in an Urban Setting (HELIUS) study, which investigates inequalities in health between six ethnic groups living in Amsterdam, the Netherlands. We quantified the proportions of patients who were at the preventive treatment goal according to the guidelines of the European Society of Cardiology for six risk factors: hypertension, dyslipidaemia, smoking, overweight, physical inactivity and diabetes mellitus, and the use preventive medication...
February 8, 2017: Netherlands Heart Journal
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