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Gastrointestinal cancer

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234972/staging-treatment-and-future-approaches-of-gallbladder-carcinoma
#1
REVIEW
Sanjeev Kumar Shukla, Govind Singh, K S Shahi, Bhuvan, Prabhat Pant
BACKGROUND: Gallbladder cancer is the most common malignant cancer of the bile ducts and third most common gastrointestinal malignant in the world for public health. Its relatively low incidence and confused symptoms result in advanced disease at the time of presentation, contributing to poor prognosis and reduced survival associated with this disease. The main function of the gallbladder is to store excreted bile acids from the liver in preparation for a meal. Its main risk factor is prolonged exposure to biliary calculations, although bacterial infections and other inflammatory conditions are associated...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234894/amputation-neuroma-mimicking-lymph-node-metastasis-of-remnant-gastric-cancer-a-case-report
#2
Kenichiro Furukawa, Yutaka Tanizawa, Kimihide Kusafuka, Noriyuki Nishiwaki, Keiichi Fujiya, Hayato Omori, Sanae Kaji, Makoto Hikage, Rie Makuuchi, Tomoyuki Irino, Masanori Tokunaga, Etsuro Bando, Taiichi Kawamura, Masanori Terashima
BACKGROUND: Amputation neuromas (ANs) are reactive hyperplasia of nerve tissues that occur after a trauma or surgery involving the peripheral nerves. Only two previous reports of ANs occurring around the stomach and post gastrectomy have been reported. We report the case of a patient with AN near the remnant stomach who underwent distal gastrectomy for gastric cancer. CASE PRESENTATION: A 76-year-old man underwent distal gastrectomy, D1+ lymphadenectomy, and Billroth-I reconstruction for early gastric cancer in another hospital at 63 years of age...
December 12, 2017: Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234568/long-term-quality-of-life-of-retroperitoneal-sarcoma-patients-treated-with-pre-operative-radiotherapy-and-surgery
#3
Philip Wong, Zahra Kassam, Amanda N Springer, Rebecca Gladdy, Peter Chung, Jolie Ringash, Charles Catton
PURPOSE: Retroperitoneal sarcomas (RPS) are connective tissue cancers that are often large and anatomically in close proximity to critical and radiation-sensitive normal structures and organs within the abdomen and pelvis. The management of RPS may include preoperative radiotherapy (RT) and surgery. We aimed to examine how treatment-related toxicities affect patient quality of life (QOL).  Methods and materials: Within two prospective cohort studies, 48 RPS patients who were treated with preoperative RT from 1998-2012 were recruited and assessed for QOL (EORTC-QLQ-C30) and to determine toxicities potentially related to RT and surgery (graded using CTCAE V...
October 11, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234547/testicular-cancer-presenting-as-gastric-variceal-hemorrhage
#4
Carlos Eduardo Salazar-Mejía, David Hernández-Barajas, Edio Llerena-Hernández, José Luis González-Vela, María Inés Contreras-Salcido, Adriana González-Gutiérrez, Omar David Borjas-Almaguer, Luis Alberto Pérez-Arredondo, Blanca Otilia Wimer-Castillo
Testicular cancer is the most common solid malignancy affecting males between the ages of 15 and 35. The symptomatology caused by this tumor varies according to the site of metastasis. We present the case of a 26-year-old male who arrived to the emergency department with hematemesis. He had no previous medical history. On arrival, we noted enlargement of the left scrotal sac. There was also a mass in the left scrotum which provoked displacement of the penis and right testis. The serum alpha-fetoprotein level was 17,090 ng/mL, lactate dehydrogenase was 1480 U/L, and human chorionic gonadotropin was 287...
2017: Case Reports in Gastrointestinal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234525/invasive-candida-infection-after-upper-gastrointestinal-tract-surgery-for-gastric-cancer
#5
Evgeni Brotfain, Gilbert Sebbag, Michael Friger, Boris Kirshtein, Abraham Borer, Leonid Koyfman, Dmitry Frank, Yoav Bichovsky, Jochanan G Peiser, Moti Klein
Upper gastrointestinal tract (GIT) surgical procedures are more likely to cause nosocomial Candida peritonitis than lower GIT procedures and they thus constitute an independent risk factor for mortality. Because of the severity of postsurgical fungal infections complications, intensivists and surgeons need to be extremely aware of their clinical importance in critically ill postsurgical intensive care unit (ICU) patients. We analyzed the clinical and microbiological data of 149 oncologic patients who were hospitalized in the ICU at Soroka Medical Center between January 2010 and January 2015 after undergoing upper GIT surgery for gastric cancer...
2017: International Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234487/alcohol-stem-cells-and-cancer
#6
REVIEW
Shoujun Gu, Bao-Ngoc Nguyen, Shuyun Rao, Shulin Li, Kirti Shetty, Asif Rashid, Vivek Shukla, Chu-Xia Deng, Lopa Mishra, Bibhuti Mishra
Dosage, gender, and genetic susceptibility to the effects of alcohol remained only partially elucidated. In this review, we summarize the current knowledge of the mechanisms underlying the role of alcohol in liver and gastrointestinal cancers. In addition, two recent pathways- DNA repair and TGF-β signaling which provide new insights into alcohol in the regulation of cancers and stem cells are also discussed here.
September 2017: Genes & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234365/ethnopharmacological-uses-phytochemistry-and-pharmacological-properties-of-croton-macrostachyus-hochst-ex-delile-a-comprehensive-review
#7
REVIEW
Alfred Maroyi
Croton macrostachyus is widely used as herbal medicine by the indigenous people of tropical Africa. The potential of C. macrostachyus as herbal medicine, the phytochemistry, and pharmacological properties of its parts used as herbal medicines are reviewed. The extensive literature survey revealed that C. macrostachyus is traditionally used to treat or manage at least 81 human and animal diseases and ailments. The species is used as herbal medicine for diseases and ailments such as abdominal pains, cancer, gastrointestinal disorders, malaria, pneumonia, sexually transmitted infections, skin infections, typhoid, and wounds and as ethnoveterinary medicine...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234186/primary-leiomyosarcoma-of-the-mesentery-a-case-report
#8
Varsha Dalal, Manveen Kaur, Reetika Menia, Fouzia Siraj, Amar Bhatnagar, Usha Agrawal
Mesenteric masses are infrequent lesions ranging from benign cysts to aggressive malignancies and often present a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge. The mesentery is a frequent recipient of metastases from the gastrointestinal tract, pancreas, and biliary cancers. Primary mesenteric tumors are relatively rare, mostly mesenchymal in origin and benign in nature. Examples include gastrointestinal stromal tumors and smooth muscle tumors. We describe a 50-year-old woman, who presented with a lump in the left hypochondrium along with altered bowel habits of 2 years' duration...
September 2017: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232378/genetic-variations-at-8q24-and-gastric-cancer-susceptibility-a-meta-analysis-study
#9
Pengke Zhi, Jian Shi, Feng Liu
BACKGROUND: Published data on the association between genetic variants on the 8q24 chromosome and gastric cancer (GC) susceptibility are inconclusive. Here we present a meta-analysis designed to evaluate the relationship between 8q24 variants (single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) labeled rs6983267 and rs1447295) and risk of developing GC. METHODS: A literature search was performed using studies published on PubMed, Science Direct, OVID and Web of Science databases up to December 2016...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231746/is-there-a-role-for-charcoal-in-palliative-diarrhea-management
#10
Helen Senderovich, Megan J Vierhout
OBJECTIVE: Symptomatic therapy is an intervention centred entirely on the symptom management and pain relief. The utilization of charcoal in diarrhea management is a pertinent example of this type of medical care. Diarrhea is an ailment defined as an escalation in the frequency of bowel movements, unformed stool, abdominal discomfort and pain. These symptoms can be extremely debilitating for patients and effectuate frustration as well as severely damping mood and overall well-being. This narrative review aims to explore the use of charcoal in diarrhea management and its possible benefits in alleviating discomfort associated with these symptoms...
December 12, 2017: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230683/primary-esophagogastric-neuroendocrine-carcinoma-a-retrospective-study-from-the-nottingham-upper-gastrointestinal-cancer-center
#11
Constantinos Savva, Philip Kaye, Irshad Soomro, Simon L Parsons, Eleanor James, Srinivasan Madhusudan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 11, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230210/checkpoint-blockade-toxicity-and-immune-homeostasis-in-the-gastrointestinal-tract
#12
REVIEW
Michael Dougan
Monoclonal antibodies targeting the regulatory immune "checkpoint" receptors CTLA-4, PD-1, and PD-L1 are now standard therapy for diverse malignancies including melanoma, lung cancer, and renal cell carcinoma. Although effective in many patients and able to induce cures in some, targeting these regulatory pathways has led to a new class of immune-related adverse events. In many respects, these immune toxicities resemble idiopathic autoimmune diseases, such as inflammatory bowel disease, autoimmune hepatitis, rheumatoid arthritis, and vitiligo...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230120/the-relationship-between-regional-anesthesia-and-cancer-a-metaanalysis
#13
REVIEW
Ravi K Grandhi, Samuel Lee, Alaa Abd-Elsayed
Background: Some studies have suggested using epidural analgesia after cancer surgery to reduce metastasis. This article examines the relationship between regional anesthesia (RA) and cancer metastasis in an array of cancers. Methods: We conducted a review of the literature using PubMed and included 67,577 patients across 28 studies in a metaanalysis, evaluating the hazard ratios (HRs) of overall survival, recurrence-free survival, and biochemical recurrence-free survival...
2017: Ochsner Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228659/prospective-randomized-phase-ii-study-of-folfiri-versus-folfox7-in-advanced-gastric-adenocarcinoma-a-chinese-western-cooperative-gastrointestinal-oncology-group-study
#14
Qiu Li, Feng Wen, Chengya Zhou, Meng Qiu, Jiyan Liu, Jing Chen, Cheng Yi, Zhiping Li, Deyun Luo, Feng Xu, Xiaohong Cai, Feng Bi
Until now, no standard chemotherapy has been widely accepted for advanced gastric cancer (GC). The current research aimed to compare folinic acid, fluorouracil with irinotecan (mFOLFIRI) or with oxaliplatin (mFOLFOX7) as first-line treatments in patients with locally advanced GC in an open, randomized, phase II study. Previously untreated metastatic or recurrent GC patients with measurable disease received mFOLFIRI (arm A) or mFOLFOX7 (arm B) every 2 weeks. The defined second-line treatment was mFOLFOX7 for arm A and mFOLFIRI for arm B...
November 17, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226561/the-long-term-effects-of-faecal-microbiota-transplantation-for-gastrointestinal-symptoms-and-general-health-in-patients-with-recurrent-clostridium-difficile-infection
#15
J Jalanka, A Hillamaa, R Satokari, E Mattila, V-J Anttila, P Arkkila
BACKGROUND: Faecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) is an effective treatment for recurrent Clostridium difficile infection. In short-term the treatment has been shown to be safe, however, there are no large, long-term follow-up studies looking into the potential adverse effects. AIM: To analyse the long-term effect of FMT treatment in patients with recurrent C. difficile infection and to compare the outcome to antibiotic treated patients. METHODS: Altogether 84 patients of which 45 received a FMT treatment and 39 served as controls receiving antibiotics for the infection were followed on average for 3...
December 11, 2017: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225255/edwardsiella-tarda-bacteremia-with-psoas-and-epidural-abscess-as-a-food-borne-infection-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#16
Kiyozumi Suzuki, Mitsuru Yanai, Yuta Hayashi, Hiromasa Otsuka, Kimitoshi Kato, Masayoshi Soma
Edwardsiella tarda is commonly isolated from aquatic environments and a variety of animals. We present the first case of E. tarda bacteremia with psoas and epidural abscess. The patient was a 65-year-old woman with recurrent gastric cancer who had frequently consumed raw fish and grilled eel. She was successfully treated with antimicrobials and surgery. We also review reports published in English regarding E. tarda bacteremia in Japan and the experience at our hospital. On the basis of this review, we conclude that the major underlying disease leading to E...
December 8, 2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223927/biochemical-characterization-of-the-ybpci-miniprotein-the-first-carboxypeptidase-inhibitor-isolated-from-yellow-bell-pepper-capsicum-annuum-l-a-novel-contribution-to-the-knowledge-of-miniproteins-stability
#17
Juliana Cotabarren, Mariana Edith Tellechea, Francesc Xavier Avilés, Julia Lorenzo, Walter David Obregón
The cystine-knot metallocarboxypeptidase inhibitors (MCPIs) are peptides that contribute to control proteolytic activity, involved in storage, growth and maintenance of plants. Lately studies reported several MCPIs with potential use in biomedical applications; as anti-cancer, anti-thrombotic, anti-malaric and anti-angiogenic agents. We report the isolation, purification, chemical stability and biochemical characterization of a novel carboxypeptidase A inhibitor (YBPCI) isolated from Capsicum annuum L. var...
December 6, 2017: Protein Expression and Purification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222889/effects-of-parenteral-%C3%AF-3-fatty-acid-supplementation-in-postoperative-gastrointestinal-cancer-on-immune-function-and-length-of-hospital-stay-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
Hao Bai, Zhaoping Li, Yan Meng, Yue Yu, Huanhuan Zhang, Deqiang Shen, Liyong Chen
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Omega-3 fatty acids are widely used in nutritional support. However, whether parenteral supplementation with ω-3 fatty acids is effective for gastrointestinal cancer patients remains uncertain. This study assessed the effects of this form of parenteral nutrition on immune function and clinical outcomes in postoperative gastrointestinal cancer patients. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: We searched Medline, Embase, Scopus, and the reference lists of selected studies to identify randomized controlled trials that compared ω-3 fatty acids with a control, and that included immune indices, infectious complications, or length of hospital stay in the final outcomes...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222587/gastrointestinal-manifestation-of-immunoglobulin-g4-related-disease-clarification-through-a-multicenter-survey
#19
Kenji Notohara, Terumi Kamisawa, Kazushige Uchida, Yoh Zen, Mitsuhiro Kawano, Satomi Kasashima, Yasuharu Sato, Masahiro Shiokawa, Takeshi Uehara, Hajime Yoshifuji, Hiroko Hayashi, Koichi Inoue, Keisuke Iwasaki, Hiroo Kawano, Hiroyuki Matsubayashi, Yukitoshi Moritani, Katsuhiko Murakawa, Yoshio Oka, Masatoshi Tateno, Kazuichi Okazaki, Tsutomu Chiba
BACKGROUND: Several reports on immunoglobulin (Ig)G4-related disease (IgG4-RD) with gastrointestinal involvement (IgG4-related gastrointestinal disease; IgG4-GID) have been published, although this entity has not been fully established clinicopathologically. Thus, we carried out a multicenter survey. METHODS: Patients with possible IgG4-GID who underwent resection were collected. Histologic slides were reevaluated, and eight cases with diffuse lymphoplasmacytic infiltration but without numerous neutrophils, granulations or epithelioid granulomas were further analyzed...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221876/conventional-versus-hypofractionated-radiation-therapy-for-localized-prostate-cancer-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-noninferiority-trials
#20
REVIEW
Trevor Joseph Royce, Dong Hoon Lee, NaNa Keum, Nitipong Permpalung, Calvin J Chiew, Sherise Epstein, Kristen M Pluchino, Anthony V D'Amico
CONTEXT: Whether hypofractionated radiation therapy (RT) compared with conventionally fractionated RT provides comparable or possibly improved cancer control without increased toxicity in localized prostate cancer (PC) remains unknown. OBJECTIVE: Realizing from the CHHiP trial that outcomes are highly sensitive to the dose fractionation schedule and number of treatments, we conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis selecting only the randomized noninferiority trials, because the randomized arms closely approximated one another in terms of the dose fractionation schedule, and compared cancer control and toxicity of hypofractionated RT with conventionally fractionated RT for localized PC...
November 4, 2017: European Urology Focus
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