keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Laboratory cost

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339692/decrease-in-unnecessary-vitamin-d-testing-using-clinical-decision-support-tools-making-it-harder-to-do-the-wrong-thing
#1
Andrew H Felcher, Rachel Gold, David M Mosen, Ashley B Stoneburner
Objective: To evaluate the impact of clinical decision support (CDS) tools on rates of vitamin D testing. Screening for vitamin D deficiency has increased in recent years, spurred by studies suggesting vitamin D's clinical benefits. Such screening, however, is often unsupported by evidence and can incur unnecessary costs. Materials and Methods: We evaluated how rates of vitamin D screening changed after we implemented 3 CDS tools in the electronic health record (EHR) of a large health plan: (1) a new vitamin D screening guideline, (2) an alert that requires clinician acknowledgement of current guidelines to continue ordering the test (a "hard stop"), and (3) a modification of laboratory ordering preference lists that eliminates shortcuts...
February 19, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335573/ultratrace-detection-of-histamine-using-a-molecularly-imprinted-polymer-based-voltammetric-sensor
#2
Maedeh Akhoundian, Axel Rüter, Sudhirkumar Shinde
Rapid and cost-effective analysis of histamine, in food, environmental, and diagnostics research has been of interest recently. However, for certain applications, the already-existing biological receptor-based sensing methods have usage limits in terms of stability and costs. As a result, robust and cost-effective imprinted polymeric receptors can be the best alternative. In the present work, molecularly-imprinted polymers (MIPs) for histamine were synthesized using methacrylic acid in chloroform and acetonitrile as two different porogens...
March 21, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335436/photonic-low-cost-micro-sensor-for-in-line-wear-particle-detection-in-flowing-lube-oils
#3
Jon Mabe, Joseba Zubia, Eneko Gorritxategi
The presence of microscopic particles in suspension in industrial fluids is often an early warning of latent or imminent failures in the equipment or processes where they are being used. This manuscript describes work undertaken to integrate different photonic principles with a micro- mechanical fluidic structure and an embedded processor to develop a fully autonomous wear debris sensor for in-line monitoring of industrial fluids. Lens-less microscopy, stroboscopic illumination, a CMOS imager and embedded machine vision technologies have been merged to develop a sensor solution that is able to detect and quantify the number and size of micrometric particles suspended in a continuous flow of a fluid...
March 14, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334254/selection-realized-heritability-and-fitness-cost-associated-with-dimethoate-resistance-in-a-field-population-of-culex-quinquefasciatus-diptera-culicidae
#4
Mehboob Alam, Muhammad Waqas Sumra, Daniyal Ahmad, Rizwan Mustafa Shah, Muhammad Binyameen, Sarfraz Ali Shad
Mosquitoes are known to be vectors of numerous diseases leading to human morbidity and mortality at large scale in the world. Insecticide resistance has become a serious concern in controlling the insect vectors of public health importance. Dimethoate is an organophosphate insecticide used to control different insect pests including mosquitoes. Biological parameters of susceptible, unselected, and dimethoate-selected strains of Culex quinquefasciatus Say were studied in the laboratory to recognize resistance development potential and associated fitness cost...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334250/the-use-of-f2-screening-for-detection-of-resistance-to-emamectin-benzoate-chlorantraniliprole-and-indoxacarb-in-australian-populations-of-helicoverpa-armigera-lepidoptera-noctuidae
#5
L J Bird, L J Drynan, P W Walker
The ability to effectively detect changes in susceptibility to insecticides is an integral component of resistance management strategies and is highly dependent upon precision of methods deployed. Between 2013 and 2016, F2 screens were performed for detection of resistance alleles in Helicoverpa armigera (Hübner) to emamectin benzoate, chlorantraniliprole, and indoxacarb in major cropping regions of eastern Australia. Resistance to emamectin benzoate was not detected. There were low but detectable levels of survival at discriminating concentrations of chlorantraniliprole and indoxacarb...
March 3, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334122/a-laboratory-evaluation-of-chemigation-to-manage-stink-bugs-hemiptera-pentatomidae
#6
Xing Wei, Phillip M Roberts, Wesley M Porter, Calvin D Perry, Michael D Toews
Application of insecticides for stink bug management through overhead irrigation, also called chemigation, could reduce application costs, soil compaction, and applicator exposure, while enabling growers to treat multiple fields simultaneously. The objective of these laboratory experiments was to compare knockdown, survival, and efficacy of insecticides when appropriately diluted for ground sprayer and chemigation applications. Treatments included water, bifenthrin [0.11 kg (AI)/ha] and dicrotophos [0.56 kg (AI)/ha] diluted for a ground sprayer (93...
February 11, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333189/fully-automated-disc-diffusion-for-rapid-antibiotic-susceptibility-test-results-a-proof-of-principle-study
#7
Michael Hombach, Marion Jetter, Nicolas Blöchliger, Natalia Kolesnik-Goldmann, Erik C Böttger
Background: Antibiotic resistance poses a significant threat to patients suffering from infectious diseases. Early readings of antibiotic susceptibility test (AST) results could be of critical importance to ensure adequate treatment. Disc diffusion is a well-standardized, established and cost-efficient AST procedure; however, its use in the clinical laboratory is hampered by the many manual steps involved, and an incubation time of 16-18 h, which is required to achieve reliable test results...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333023/hyaluronan-binding-system-for-sperm-selection-enhances-pregnancy-rates-in-icsi-cycles-associated-with-male-factor-infertility
#8
Renata F Erberelli, Renato M Salgado, Dirceu H Mendes Pereira, Philip Wolff
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to compare two procedures for sperm selection in ICSI cycles - conventional morphology sperm selection (ICSI-PVP) and chemical selection through Hyaluronan-treated petri dishes (PICSI), when male factor was associated. METHODS: The evaluated parameters were semen quality, fertilization and cleavage rates, chemical and clinical pregnancy rates, as well as abortion rate. Fifty-six ICSI cycles were included in this report, 19 cycles using PICSI and 37 using conventional ICSI...
February 1, 2017: JBRA Assisted Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331548/discovering-feature-relevancy-and-dependency-by-kernel-guided-probabilistic-model-building-evolution
#9
Nestor Rodriguez, Sergio Rojas-Galeano
BACKGROUND: Discovering relevant features (biomarkers) that discriminate etiologies of a disease is useful to provide biomedical researchers with candidate targets for further laboratory experimentation while saving costs; dependencies among biomarkers may suggest additional valuable information, for example, to characterize complex epistatic relationships from genetic data. The use of classifiers to guide the search for biomarkers (the so-called wrapper approach) has been widely studied...
2017: BioData Mining
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330193/a-rapid-method-for-isolation-of-genomic-dna-from-food-borne-fungal-pathogens
#10
S Umesha, H M Manukumar, Sri Raghava
Food contaminated with fungal pathogens can cause extremely harmful effects to human even when present in low concentrations. Researchers now pay more attention towards rapid DNA extraction for the quick screening, which is highly demanded in diverse research field. Molecular description of many fungal species is identified by different molecular characteristics. Hence, the efficient isolation of genomic DNA and amplification using PCR is a prerequisite for molecular characterization. Here, we used an improved Sodium dodecyl sulfate-Cetyltrimethyl ammonium bromide-Chloroform-isoamyl alcohol method by combining Sodium dodecyl sulfate with cetyl methylammonium bromide without addition of proteinase K, RNase K, and β-mercaptoethanol...
December 2016: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329002/emergency-department-outpatient-treatment-of-alcohol-intoxicated-bicyclists-increases-the-cost-of-medical-care-in-japan
#11
Yosuke Homma, Sunao Yamauchi, Michiko Mizobe, Yoshiyuki Nakashima, Jin Takahashi, Hiraku Funakoshi, Kevin Y Urayama, Sachiko Ohde, Osamu Takahashi, Takashi Shiga
Riding a bicycle under the influence of alcohol is illegal in Japan. Nevertheless, intoxicated bicyclists are frequently treated at hospital emergency departments for bicycle-related injuries. This patient population usually requires more hospital resources, even for relatively minor injuries. Therefore, we hypothesized that bicycle-related crashes involving bicyclists under the influence of alcohol cost more to treat than those that do not involve alcohol intoxication. The aim of the present study was to examine the costs associated with bicycle-related minor injuries and alcohol intoxication of the bicyclist...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328346/efficacy-of-a-low-cost-heat-stable-oral-rotavirus-vaccine-in-niger
#12
Sheila Isanaka, Ousmane Guindo, Celine Langendorf, Amadou Matar Seck, Brian D Plikaytis, Nathan Sayinzoga-Makombe, Monica M McNeal, Nicole Meyer, Eric Adehossi, Ali Djibo, Bruno Jochum, Rebecca F Grais
Background Each year, rotavirus gastroenteritis is responsible for about 37% of deaths from diarrhea among children younger than 5 years of age worldwide, with a disproportionate effect in sub-Saharan Africa. Methods We conducted a randomized, placebo-controlled trial in Niger to evaluate the efficacy of a live, oral bovine rotavirus pentavalent vaccine (BRV-PV, Serum Institute of India) to prevent severe rotavirus gastroenteritis. Healthy infants received three doses of the vaccine or placebo at 6, 10, and 14 weeks of age...
March 23, 2017: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328023/identification-of-microorganisms-in-biofluids-of-individuals-with-periodontitis-and-chronic-kidney-disease-using-matrix-assisted-laser-desorption-ionization-time-of-flight-mass-spectrometry
#13
Levy Anderson César Alves, Rafael Celestino Souza, Taciana Mara Couto da Silva, Andreia Watanabe, Meriellen Dias, Maria Anita Mendes, Ana Lídia Ciamponi
RATIONALE: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) and periodontitis (PD) are important health issues. There is a large variety of microorganisms related to the pathogenesis of periodontitis, and optimising the time and the cost of laboratory assays to detect these organisms is highly valuable in the medical field. METHODS: Bacteria were isolated from saliva and oral biofilm of 30 adolescents and young adults with definite medical and dental diagnosis of CKD and PD, respectively, and proteins were extracted for microorganism identification by means of the matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOFMS) technique...
May 30, 2016: Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry: RCM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324325/the-universe-of-ana-testing-a-case-for-point-of-care-ana-testing
#14
Konstantin N Konstantinov, Robert L Rubin
Testing for total antinuclear antibodies (ANA) is a critical tool for diagnosis and management of autoimmune diseases at both the primary care and subspecialty settings. Repurposing of ANA from a test for lupus to a test for any autoimmune condition has driven the increase in ANA requests. Changes in ANA referral patterns include early or subclinical autoimmune disease detection in patients with low pre-test probability and use of negative ANA results to rule out underlying autoimmune disease. A positive result can lead to further diagnostic considerations...
December 2017: Auto- Immunity Highlights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323828/liquid-handling-lego-robots-and-experiments-for-stem-education-and-research
#15
Lukas C Gerber, Agnes Calasanz-Kaiser, Luke Hyman, Kateryna Voitiuk, Uday Patil, Ingmar H Riedel-Kruse
Liquid-handling robots have many applications for biotechnology and the life sciences, with increasing impact on everyday life. While playful robotics such as Lego Mindstorms significantly support education initiatives in mechatronics and programming, equivalent connections to the life sciences do not currently exist. To close this gap, we developed Lego-based pipetting robots that reliably handle liquid volumes from 1 ml down to the sub-μl range and that operate on standard laboratory plasticware, such as cuvettes and multiwell plates...
March 2017: PLoS Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322800/single-molecule-mtdna-fiber-fish-for-analyzing-numtogenesis
#16
Dal-Hoe Koo, Bhupendra Singh, Jiming Jiang, Bernd Friebe, Bikarm S Gill, Paul D Chastain, Upender Manne, Hemant K Tiwari, Keshav K Singh
Somatic human cells contains thousands of copies of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA). In eukaryotes, natural transfer of mtDNA into the nucleus generates nuclear mitochondrial DNA (NUMT) copies in eukaryotes. We name this phenomenon as "numtogenesis". Numtogenesis is a well-established evolutionary process reported in various sequenced eukaryotic genomes. We have established a molecular tool to rapidly detect and analyze NUMT insertions in whole genomes. To date, NUMT analyses depend on deep genome sequencing combined with comprehensive computational analyses of the whole genome...
March 17, 2017: Analytical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322517/materials-for-microfluidic-immunoassays-a-review
#17
REVIEW
Lei Mou, Xingyu Jiang
Conventional immunoassays suffer from at least one of these following limitations: long processing time, high costs, poor user-friendliness, technical complexity, poor sensitivity and specificity. Microfluidics, a technology characterized by the engineered manipulation of fluids in channels with characteristic lengthscale of tens of micrometers, has shown considerable promise for improving immunoassays that could overcome these limitations in medical diagnostics and biology research. The combination of microfluidics and immunoassay can detect biomarkers with faster assay time, reduced volumes of reagents, lower power requirements, and higher levels of integration and automation compared to traditional approaches...
March 21, 2017: Advanced Healthcare Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321549/a-preoperative-medical-history-and-physical-should-not-be-a-requirement-for-all-cataract-patients
#18
Oliver D Schein, Peter J Pronovost
Cataract surgery poses minimal systemic medical risk, yet a preoperative general medical history and physical is required by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services and other regulatory bodies within 1 month of cataract surgery. Based on prior research and practice guidelines, there is professional consensus that preoperative laboratory testing confers no benefit when routinely performed on cataract surgical patients. Such testing remains commonplace. Although not yet tested in a large-scale trial, there is also no evidence that the required history and physical yields a benefit for most cataract surgical patients above and beyond the screening performed by anesthesia staff on the day of surgery...
March 20, 2017: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321497/intra-procedural-determination-of-viability-by-myocardial-deformation-imaging-a-randomized-prospective-study-in-the-cardiac-catheter-laboratory
#19
Alexander Schuh, Vadim Karayusuf, Ertunc Altiok, Sandra Hamada, Jörg Schröder, Andras Keszei, Malte Kelm, Matias de la Fuente, Michael Frick, Klaus Radermacher, Nikolaus Marx, Michael Becker
BACKGROUND: The benefit of revascularization for functional recovery depends on the presence of viable myocardial tissue. OBJECTIVE: Myocardial deformation imaging allows determination of myocardial viability. METHODS: In a first approach, we assessed the optimal cutoff value to determine preserved viability by layer-specific echocardiographic myocardial deformation imaging at rest and low-dose dobutamine (DSE) echocardiography: regional endocardial circumferential strain (eCS) <-19% at rest was as accurate as eCS at DSE...
March 20, 2017: Clinical Research in Cardiology: Official Journal of the German Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321400/toward-elimination-of-dog-mediated-human-rabies-experiences-from-implementing-a-large-scale-demonstration-project-in-southern-tanzania
#20
Emmanuel Abraham Mpolya, Tiziana Lembo, Kennedy Lushasi, Rebecca Mancy, Eberhard M Mbunda, Selemani Makungu, Matthew Maziku, Lwitiko Sikana, Gurdeep Jaswant, Sunny Townsend, François-Xavier Meslin, Bernadette Abela-Ridder, Chanasa Ngeleja, Joel Changalucha, Zacharia Mtema, Maganga Sambo, Geofrey Mchau, Kristyna Rysava, Alphoncina Nanai, Rudovick Kazwala, Sarah Cleaveland, Katie Hampson
A Rabies Elimination Demonstration Project was implemented in Tanzania from 2010 through to 2015, bringing together government ministries from the health and veterinary sectors, the World Health Organization, and national and international research institutions. Detailed data on mass dog vaccination campaigns, bite exposures, use of post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP), and human rabies deaths were collected throughout the project duration and project areas. Despite no previous experience in dog vaccination within the project areas, district veterinary officers were able to implement district-wide vaccination campaigns that, for most part, progressively increased the numbers of dogs vaccinated with each phase of the project...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
keyword
keyword
17561
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"