keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Laboratory cost

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776627/introduction-molecular-medicine-in-the-common-era-applications-and-impact-of-molecular-pathology-in-health-and-disease
#1
REVIEW
Martin H Bluth
The unprecedented expansion of molecular pathology continues to affect and influence the clinical laboratory. Technological advances in high-throughput automation, cost containment, and refined methodology have improved the understanding of pathobiology through application of molecular pathology to multiple disease spaces. Incorporation of this field to emerging omics platforms, pharmacovigilance and biomarker discovery, and accessibility by lay consumers demonstrates the widespread reach of molecular pathology in the clinical marketplace...
June 2018: Clinics in Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773942/relationship-between-diabetes-knowledge-glycemic-control-and-associated-health-conditions
#2
Emily Phillips, Rabia Rahman, Mildred Mattfeldt-Beman
Objective: The purpose of this study was to identify any existing relationship between diabetes knowledge and glycemic control, as well as possible associations with patient health, among patients with type 2 diabetes. Design and Methods: This qualitative study used a validated multiple-choice test (the Michigan Diabetes Knowledge Test) to assess diabetes knowledge among 17 hospital patients between the ages of 18 and 75 years with type 2 diabetes and a recent (within 3 months) A1C laboratory value...
May 2018: Diabetes Spectrum: a Publication of the American Diabetes Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773430/surrogate-endpoints-and-risk-adaptive-strategies-in-previously-untreated-follicular-lymphoma
#3
REVIEW
Mayur S Narkhede, Bruce D Cheson
Follicular lymphoma is the second most common subtype of non-Hodgkin lymphoma with an estimated 3.18 cases per 100,000 people. Despite the prolongation of survival with chemoimmunotherapy, variability in response to initial treatment and outcome still exists. Whereas prolonging overall survival is important, it is generally an unreasonable primary endpoint in the front-line setting. The long follow-up needed and the influence of subsequent therapies creates a potential bias. Thus, clinical trials require approximately 5 to 8 years from activation to completion and analysis of outcomes...
May 5, 2018: Clinical Lymphoma, Myeloma & Leukemia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772778/visual-and-colorimetric-sensing-of-metsulfuron-methyl-by-exploiting-hydrogen-bond-induced-anti-aggregation-of-gold-nanoparticles-in-the-presence-of-melamine
#4
Guangyang Liu, Ruonan Zhang, Xiaodong Huang, Lingyun Li, Naixin Liu, Jing Wang, Donghui Xu
Various highly sensitive and selective analytical methods have been used to monitor metsulfuron-methyl residue in the environment. However, these methods involve costly instruments and complex, time-consuming operations performed in laboratories. Here, a rapid, convenient, and sensitive colorimetric sensor based on anti-aggregation of gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) is demonstrated for the rapid detection of metsulfuron-methyl in agricultural irrigation water. The AuNPs could be induced to aggregate in the presence of melamine and exhibited a distinct color change from wine-red to blue...
May 17, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772593/-coagulation-monitoring-and-bleeding-management-in-cardiac-surgery
#5
Berthold Bein, Robert Schiewe
The transfusion of allogeneic blood products is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. An impaired hemostasis is frequently found in patients undergoing cardiac surgery and may in turn cause bleeding and transfusions. A goal directed coagulation management addressing the often complex coagulation disorders needs sophisticated diagnostics. This may improve both patients' outcome and costs. Recent data suggest that coagulation management based on a rational algorithm is more effective than traditional therapy based on conventional laboratory variables such as PT and INR...
May 2018: Anästhesiologie, Intensivmedizin, Notfallmedizin, Schmerztherapie: AINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772094/quantifying-biomolecular-binding-constants-using-video-paper-analytical-devices
#6
Benjamin S Miller, Claudio Parolo, Valerian Turbé, Candice E Keane, Eleanor R Gray, Rachel McKendry
We report a novel ultralow-cost biochemical analysis platform to quantify protein dissociation binding constants and kinetics using paper microfluidics. Our approach marries video imaging with one of humankind's oldest materials - paper, requiring no large, expensive laboratory equipment, complex microfluidics or external power. Temporal measurements of nanoparticle-antibody conjugates binding on paper is found to follow the Langmuir Adsorption Model. This is exploited to measure a series of antibody-antigen dissociation constants on paper, showing excellent agreement with a gold-standard benchtop interferometer...
May 17, 2018: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770102/rolling-out-hiv-antiretroviral-therapy-in-sub-saharan-africa-2003-2017
#7
G Taylor
Multiple issues need to be addressed in order to control the HIV pandemic in sub-Saharan Africa. Combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) is key to reducing morbidity and mortality among people living with HIV and has a role in preventing HIV transmission. However, access to cART is very unevenly distributed globally, especially in sub-Saharan Africa. Although cost of cART is no longer a major barrier as effective treatment can be had for under US$100 per year, HIV management is compromised by the inadequate number of trained clinicians, the lack of clinical and laboratory infrastructure and the increased prevalence of co-morbidities (e...
February 1, 2018: Canada Communicable Disease Report, Relevé des Maladies Transmissibles Au Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769074/delay-in-reviewing-test-results-prolongs-hospital-length-of-stay-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#8
Mei-Sing Ong, Farah Magrabi, Enrico Coiera
BACKGROUND: Failure in the timely follow-up of test results has been widely documented, contributing to delayed medical care. Yet, the impact of delay in reviewing test results on hospital length of stay (LOS) has not been studied. We examine the relationship between laboratory tests review time and hospital LOS. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of inpatients admitted to a metropolitan teaching hospital in Sydney, Australia, between 2011 and 2012 (n = 5804)...
May 16, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766621/prototyping-instruments-for-chemical-laboratory-using-inexpensive-electronic-modules
#9
Pawel L Urban
Open-source electronics and programming can augment chemical and biomedical research. Currently, chemists can choose from a broad range of low-cost universal electronic modules (microcontroller boards and single-board computers) and use them to assemble working prototypes of scientific tools to address specific experimental problems and to support daily research work. The learning time can be as short as a few hours, and the required budget is often as low as 50 USD. Prototyping instruments using low-cost electronic modules gives chemists enormous flexibility to design and construct customized instrumentation, which can reduce the delays caused by limited access to high-end commercial platforms...
May 15, 2018: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765138/does-genomic-sequencing-early-in-the-diagnostic-trajectory-make-a-difference-a-follow-up-study-of-clinical-outcomes-and-cost-effectiveness
#10
Zornitza Stark, Deborah Schofield, Melissa Martyn, Luke Rynehart, Rupendra Shrestha, Khurshid Alam, Sebastian Lunke, Tiong Y Tan, Clara L Gaff, Susan M White
PURPOSE: To systematically investigate the longer-term clinical and health economic impacts of genomic sequencing for rare-disease diagnoses. METHODS: We collected information on continuing diagnostic investigation, changes in management, cascade testing, and parental reproductive outcomes in 80 infants who underwent singleton whole-exome sequencing (WES). RESULTS: The median duration of follow-up following result disclosure was 473 days. Changes in clinical management due to diagnostic WES results led to a cost saving of AU$1,578 per quality-adjusted life year gained, without increased hospital service use...
May 15, 2018: Genetics in Medicine: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765114/evaluation-of-the-utility-of-a-rapid-test-for-syphilis-at-a-sexually-transmitted-disease-clinic-in-buenos-aires-argentina
#11
Lucía Gallo Vaulet, Nicolás Morando, Ricardo Casco, Asunta Melgar, Silvia Nacher, Marcelo Rodríguez Fermepin, María A Pando
Even though syphilis can be easily diagnosed by simple and low-cost laboratory methods, it continues to be an important health problem. Rapid tests (RT) for the detection of treponemal antibodies can facilitate earlier diagnosis, access to treatment and linkage to care. The aim of this study was to analyse the usefulness of the incorporation of a RT in the detection of patients infected with T. pallidum in a sexually-transmitted disease (STD) clinic. Between March and December 2015, a syphilis RT was offered to patients who spontaneously attended the clinic...
May 15, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764279/the-modified-telephone-administered-minnesota-cognitive-acuity-screen-for-mild-cognitive-impairment
#12
Sarah Pillemer, George D Papandonatos, Cara Crook, Brian R Ott, Geoffrey Tremont
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to compare the sensitivity and specificity of a modified version of the Minnesota Cognitive Acuity Screen (MCAS-m), by adding learning and recognition memory components, to the original version MCAS to distinguish amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI) from healthy controls (HCs). METHODS/DESIGN: A total of 30 individuals with aMCI and 30 HCs underwent neuropsychological testing, neurologic examination, laboratory, and brain imaging tests...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry and Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764220/wide-range-crp-versus-high-sensitivity-crp-on-roche-analyzers-focus-on-low-grade-inflammation-ranges-and-high-sensitivity-cardiac-troponin-t-levels
#13
Denis Monneret, Fouzi Mestari, Shaedah Djiavoudine, Guillaume Bachelot, Maxime Cloison, Françoise Imbert-Bismut, Maguy Bernard, Pierre Hausfater, Jean-Marc Lacorte, Dominique Bonnefont-Rousselot
Wide-range C-reactive protein (wr-CRP) has been proposed as an economical alternative to high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) for the evaluation of low-grade inflammation-associated cardiovascular risk (LGI-CVR). Concomitant values of serum hs-CRP and plasma wr-CRP ≤5 mg/L, and high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T (hs-cTnT), all assayed on Roche Diagnostics analyzers over a 1.8-year period, were extracted from a hospital laboratory database. Hs-CRP and wr-CRP values were compared (Bland-Altman method; Deming's correlation), then separately classified into low (<1 mg/L), moderate (1-3 mg/L) and high (>3 mg/L) LGI-CVR ranges for agreement test (κ), assessed before and after Deming's regression-based adjustment of wr-CRP (Adj-wr-CRP)...
May 15, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762845/peritoneal-dialysis-effectively-removes-toxic-substances-and-improves-liver-functions-of-liver-failure-patients
#14
W-X Zhao, X-M Liu, C-M Yu, H Xu, J-R Dai, H-Y Chen, L Li, F Chen, Y-L Ou, Z-K Zhao
OBJECTIVE: Liver failure (LF) is a clinically complex disorder that characterizes with hepatic dysfunction. This study aimed at observing the therapeutic effects of peritoneal dialysis on liver function in LF patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study involves 62 patients diagnosed as LF hospitalized from February 2005 to December 2016. The 62 LF patients were randomly divided into 3 groups, including artificial liver applying plasma exchange group (PE, n = 28), peritoneal dialysis group (PD, n = 22), and conservative treatment group (CT, n=12)...
April 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761701/semi-quantitative-nucleic-acid-test-with-simultaneous-isotachophoretic-extraction-and-amplification
#15
Andrew T Bender, Mark D Borysiak, Amanda M Levenson, Lorraine Lillis, David S Boyle, Jonathan D Posner
Nucleic acid amplification tests (NAATs) provide high diagnostic accuracy for infectious diseases and quantitative results for monitoring viral infections. The majority of NAATs require complex equipment, cold chain dependent reagents, and skilled technicians to perform tests. This largely confines NAATs to centralized laboratories and can significantly delay appropriate patient care. Low-cost, point-of-care (POC) NAATs are especially needed in low-resource settings to provide patients with diagnosis and treatment planning in a single visit to improve patient care...
May 15, 2018: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761340/reduction-of-direct-health-costs-associated-with-pertussis-vaccination-with-acellular-vaccines-in-children-aged-0-9-years-with-pertussis-in-catalonia-spain
#16
Pedro Plans-Rubió, Encarna Navas, Pere Godoy, Gloria Carmona, Angela Domínguez, Mireia Jané, Carmen Muñoz-Almagro, Pedro Brotons
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess direct health costs in children with pertussis aged 0-9 years who were vaccinated, partially vaccinated, and unvaccinated during childhood, and to assess the association between pertussis costs and pertussis vaccination in Catalonia (Spain) in 2012-2013. METHODS: Direct healthcare costs included pertussis treatment, pertussis detection, and preventive chemotherapy of contacts. Pertussis patients were considered vaccinated when they had received 4-5 doses, and unvaccinated or partially vaccinated when they had received 0-3 doses of vaccine...
May 14, 2018: PharmacoEconomics Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761147/efficacy-of-long-term-oral-vitamin-b12-supplementation-after-total-gastrectomy-results-from-a-prospective-study
#17
Joana Moleiro, Susana Mão de Ferro, Sara Ferreira, Miguel Serrano, Margarida Silveira, António Dias Pereira
Background/Objectives: Vitamin B12 (VB12) deficiency is a common complication after total gastrectomy which may be associated with megaloblastic anemia and potentially irreversible neurologic symptoms. Intramuscular supplementation of VB12 has been considered the standard treatment, although it is associated with high costs and patient discomfort. Patients/Methods: We performed a prospective uncontrolled study (ACTRN12614000107628) in order to evaluate the clinical and laboratory efficacy of long-term oral VB12 supplementation in patients submitted to total gastrectomy...
April 2018: GE Portuguese Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760947/incorporating-epilepsy-genetics-into-clinical-practice-a-360%C3%A2-evaluation
#18
Stephanie Oates, Shan Tang, Richard Rosch, Rosalie Lear, Elaine F Hughes, Ruth E Williams, Line H G Larsen, Qin Hao, Hans Atli Dahl, Rikke S Møller, Deb K Pal
We evaluated a new epilepsy genetic diagnostic and counseling service covering a UK population of 3.5 million. We calculated diagnostic yield, estimated clinical impact, and surveyed referring clinicians and families. We costed alternative investigational pathways for neonatal onset epilepsy. Patients with epilepsy of unknown aetiology onset < 2 years; treatment resistant epilepsy; or familial epilepsy were referred for counseling and testing. We developed NGS panels, performing clinical interpretation with a multidisciplinary team...
2018: NPJ Genomic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760220/quantifying-atherogenic-lipoproteins-current-and-future-challenges-in-the-era-of-personalized-medicine-and-vldl-cholesterol-a-consensus-statement-from-eas-and-eflm
#19
Michel R Langlois, M John Chapman, Christa Cobbaert, Samia Mora, Alan T Remaley, Emilio Ros, Gerald F Watts, Jan Borén, Hannsjörg Baum, Eric Bruckert, Alberico Catapano, Olivier S Descamps, Arnold von Eckardstein, Pia R Kamstrup, Genovefa Kolovou, Florian Kronenberg, Anne Langsted, Kari Pulkki, Nader Rifai, Grazyna Sypniewska, Olov Wiklund, B Rge G Nordestgaard
BACKGROUND: The European Atherosclerosis Society-European Federation of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine Consensus Panel aims to provide recommendations to optimize atherogenic lipoprotein quantification for cardiovascular risk management. CONTENT: We critically examined LDL cholesterol, non-HDL cholesterol, apolipoprotein B (apoB), and LDL particle number assays based on key criteria for medical application of biomarkers. ( a ) Analytical performance: Discordant LDL cholesterol quantification occurs when LDL cholesterol is measured or calculated with different assays, especially in patients with hypertriglyceridemia >175 mg/dL (2 mmol/L) and low LDL cholesterol concentrations <70 mg/dL (1...
May 14, 2018: Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758979/developmental-screening-tool-accuracy-and-feasibility-of-non-invasive-anaemia-estimation
#20
Raja Muthalagu, Vijayan Thulasi Bai, Doreen Gracias, Sheila John
Anaemia is predicted as one of the serious communal health issue in the world. The deficiency exists most common among children and women. A substantial issue prevails in providing quality healthcare services to rural communities, which remains a challenge to health service providers throughout the world. Traditionally physician and health workers recognized anaemia from certain clinical findings, such as pallor of the conjunctivae, nail beds, lips, tongue, and oral mucosa. Confirmation of anaemic condition through physical examination of Dorsum of a tongue or lower bulbar conjunctiva is a subjective analysis...
April 30, 2018: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
keyword
keyword
17561
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"