keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Medical applications

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232665/the-laryngeal-mask-airway-and-its-use-in-neonatal-resuscitation-a-critical-review-of-where-we-are-in-2017-2018
#1
Satvik Chaitanya Bansal, Stefano Caoci, Eugene Dempsey, Daniele Trevisanuto, Charles Christoph Roehr
Studies using videotape recordings and respiratory function monitoring have shown that both face mask (FM) application and endotracheal tube (ETT) placement represent a challenge for resuscitators. Hence, there is a strong need for devices that can largely be used independently of individual operator training levels, in order to ensure more reliable support in time-critical situations, such as neonatal resuscitation. The laryngeal mask airway device (LMA) has evolved as a potentially very valuable tool. We conducted a systematic review of studies evaluating the use of the LMA in neonatal resuscitation...
December 13, 2017: Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232645/pre-optimization-of-spinal-surgery-patients-development-of-a-neurosurgical-enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-eras-protocol
#2
Zarina S Ali, Tracy S Ma, Ali K Ozturk, Neil R Malhotra, James M Schuster, Paul J Marcotte, M Sean Grady, William C Welch
OBJECTIVE: Despite surgical, technological, medical, and anesthetic improvements, patient outcomes following elective neurosurgical procedures can be associated with high morbidity. Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) protocols are multimodal care pathways designed to optimize patient outcomes by addressing pre-, peri-, and post-operative factors. Despite significant data suggesting improved patient outcomes with the adoption of these pathways, development and implementation has been limited in the neurosurgical population...
December 8, 2017: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232052/the-us-food-and-drug-administration-s-tentative-approval-process-and-the-global-fight-against-hiv
#3
Harinder Singh Chahal, Jeffrey S Murray, Martin Shimer, Peter Capella, Ryan Presto, Mary Lou Valdez, Peter G Lurie
INTRODUCTION: In 2004, the US government began to utilize the Food and Drug Administration's (USFDA) tentative approval process (tFDA) as a basis to determine which HIV drugs are appropriate to be purchased and used in resource-constrained settings. This process permits products that are not approved for marketing in the US, including medicines with active patents or marketing restrictions in the US, to be purchased and distributed in resource-constrained settings. Although the tFDA was originally intended to support the United States' President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR), the USFDA list has become a cornerstone of international HIV programmes that support procurement of ARVs, such as the World Health Organization and the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria...
December 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231755/pharmaceutical-aspects-of-silver-nanoparticles
#4
Prateek Mathur, Swati Jha, Suman Ramteke, N K Jain
Silver nanoparticles are particles in the size ranging between 1 and 100 nm. The two major methods used for synthesis of silver nanoparticle are the physical and chemical methods with the disadvantage that they are expensive and can also have toxicity. Biological method is being used as an expedient alternative, as this approach is environment-friendly and less toxic and it includes plant extracts, microorganism, fungi, etc. The major applications of silver nanoparticles in the medical field include diagnostic applications and therapeutic applications, apart from its antimicrobial activity...
December 12, 2017: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231587/-clinical-study-of-post-stroke-upper-limb-spasmodic-hemiplegia-treated-with-jingou-diaoyu-needling-technique-and-bobath-therapy
#5
Runjie Sun, Liang Tian, Xiaoli Fang, Xiaozheng Du, Bowen Zhu, Zhongyang Song, Xuan Xu, Xiaoguang Qin
OBJECTIVE: To compare the difference in the clinical efficacy on post-stroke upper limb spasmodic hemiplegia between the combined therapy of jingou diaoyu needling technique and Bobath technology and simple Bobath technology. METHODS: Sixty patients were randomized into an observation group and a control group, 30 cases in each one. The usual medication of neurological internal medicine was used in the two groups. In the control group, Bobath facilitation technology was applied to the rehabilitation training...
April 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231546/-therapeutic-effects-of-the-integrated-acupuncture-and-chinese-herbal-medicine-on-reflux-esophagitis
#6
Wan Zhang, Bolin Li, Jianhui Sun, Zhikun Wang, Nana Zhang, Fang Shi, Lin Pei
OBJECTIVE: To compare the differences in the clinical therapeutic effects on reflux esophagitis among the combined therapy of huazhuo jiedu jiangni decoction (the decoction for resolving the turbid, detoxification and reducing the pathologic upward qi in short) and acupuncture, omeprazole and Chinese herbal medicine. METHODS: Ninety patients were randomized into 3 groups, 4 cases of them were dropped off. Finally, there were 29 cases in the combined therapy group with acupuncture and the decoction, 29 cases in the western medication group and 28 cases in the Chinese herbal medicine group in the statistical analysis...
July 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231514/-development-of-non-traumatic-pain-acupuncture-moxibustion-apparatus-and-its-industrialization
#7
Qian Ran, Xingpeng Jiang
In order to alleviate the discomforts induced by the invasive manipulation of acupuncture, improve the acceptability of acupuncture-moxibustion therapy and promote the application of it in healthcare, the research team developed the non-traumatic-pain acupuncture-moxibustion apparatus for disease treatment and prevention as well as healthcare, such as crude herbal moxibustion plus cupping device (cupping device), the healthcare cloth for warming the governor vessel (healthcare cloth) and the governor vessel intelligent diagnosis apparatus (diagnosis apparatus)...
June 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231496/-acupuncture-combined-with-auricular-point-sticking-therapy-for-post-stroke-depression-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Lin Zhang, Yan Zhong, Shulin Quan, Yehui Liu, Xuehui Shi, Zhenguang Li, Jingjing Wang
OBJECTIVE: To observe the clinical effects of acupuncture combined with auricular point sticking based on the western medication for post stroke depression (PSD). METHODS: Sixty patients with PSD were randomly assigned into an acupuncture plus auricular application group (a combination group) and a medication group, 30 cases in each one. 20 mg paroxetine hydrochloride was prescribed orally in the medication group, once a day for continuous 8 weeks. Based on the above treatment, 30-minute acupuncture was used in the combination group for 8 weeks at Baihui (GV 20), Sishencong (EX-HN 1), Shenting (GV 24), Yintang (GV 29), Shenmen (HT 7), Neiguan (PC 6), Taichong (LR 3), Hegu (LI 4), Zusanli (ST 36), Sanyinjiao (SP 6) and Fenglong (ST 40), once the other day and three times a week...
June 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231488/-clinical-data-analysis-of-279-inpatients-with-acupuncture-consultation-in-a-comprehensive-hospital
#9
Yamin Zhang, Hua Sun, Suhui Chen, Hong Xu, Fei Bao
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the current status of acupuncture consultation in Peking Union Medical College Hospital, which could provide references and suggestions for the development of acupuncture at comprehensive hospitals and the treatment of diseases. METHODS: The source of departments, the number of patients, the number of consultation, treatment frequency, consultation reasons and western medicine diagnosis of 279 inpatients who received acupuncture consultation were analyzed...
February 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231477/-analysis-on-the-acupoint-conception
#10
Jingsheng Zhao
To explore the original connotation of acupoint concept, investigating specifically Neijing (Internal Canon of Medicine) and the excavated medical literature as well as the relevant works, the study was conducted in terms of the three aspects, i.e. the early titling and basic meaning of acupoint, the initial analysis on "shu" and the connotation of acupoint concept. It is believed that the relationship of acupoint with meridian tropism and qi as well as the application and indication reflect the acupoint specialty rather than its substantive characteristics...
February 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231440/-professor-chen-xiuhua-s-experience-in-the-treatment-of-atopic-dermatitis
#11
Xiaohong Quan, Shuqian Li, Ying Li
Professor CHEN Xiuhua's clinical experiences were introduced in the intervention on atopic dermatitis with external therapies of TCM acupuncture. On the basis of the theory as cultivating the earth and clearing the heart from professor CHEN Dacan and in terms of the disease stages and skin lesion characteristics, as well as in consideration of syndrome differen-tiation, the acupoints for strengthening the spleen and clearing heart fire are selected, such as Zhongwan (CV 12), Daheng (SP 15), Shuifen (CV 9), Tianshu (ST 25), Neiguan (PC 6) and Quchi (LI 11)...
March 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231344/-the-effect-of-drug-oil-moxibustion-for-contents-of-zinc-and-c-reactive-protein-in-succus-prostaticus-of-chronic-nonbacterial-prostatitis
#12
Wenjun Ma, Qinglin Hu, Lei Diao, Youjin Cai, Jun Feng
OBJECTIVE: To observe the clinical effects differences and partial mechanism for chronic nonbacterial prostatitis (CNP) among drug oil moxibustion, simple moxibustion, and conventional western medicine. METHODS: A total of 120 patients who met the criteria of inclusion were randomly assigned into a drug oil moxibustion group, a moxibustion group and a western medication group, 40 cases in each one. Moxibustion was used at Guanyuan (CV 4), Zhongji (CV 3), Qihai (CV 6) and bilateral Yinlingquan (SP 9), Sanyinjiao (SP 6), Shenshu (BL 23), Mingmen (GV 4), Pangguangshu (BL 28), Ciliao (BL 32), and Zhibian (BL 54), etc...
August 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231005/-application-of-moas-for-evaluating-of-violence-risk-in-the-inpatients-with-mental-disorders
#13
J F He, W Hong, Y Shao, H Q Han, B Xie
OBJECTIVES: To explore the value of Modified Overt Aggression Scale (MOAS) on predicting serious aggressive behavior in the inpatients with mental disorders and to provide theoretical basis for violence risk assessments in the inpatients with mental disorders. METHODS: Total 918 inpatients in a psychiatric hospital were evaluated by trained medical workers using MOAS in September 2009, and their serious violent behavior were followed up for 2 years. The value of MOAS on predicting violence in the inpatients with mental disorders was analyzed by SPSS 21...
February 2017: Fa Yi Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230957/an-implementation-algorithm-to-improve-skin-to-skin-practice-in-the-first-hour-after-birth
#14
Kajsa Brimdyr, Karin Cadwell, Jeni Stevens, Yuki Takahashi
Evidence supporting the practice of skin-to-skin contact and breastfeeding soon after birth points to physiologic, social, and psychological benefits for both mother and baby. The 2009 revision of Step 4 of the WHO/UNICEF "Ten Steps to Successful Breastfeeding" elaborated on the practice of skin-to-skin contact between the mother and her newly born baby indicating that the practice should be "immediate" and "without separation" unless documented medically justifiable reasons for delayed contact or interruption exist...
December 12, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230832/management-of-chronic-myeloid-leukemia-in-the-setting-of-pregnancy-when-is-leukocytapheresis-appropriate-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#15
Elizabeth M Staley, Sierra C Simmons, Alexander Z Feldman, Robin G Lorenz, Marisa B Marques, Lance A Williams, X Long Zheng, Huy P Pham
BACKGROUND: Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) is a common hematologic malignancy; however, its occurrence during pregnancy is unusual due to its low prevalence in females of childbearing age. There are conflicting reports of how to best manage CML in pregnancy, particularly in the setting of leukocytosis. CASE REPORT: A 30-year-old female was diagnosed with CML at 18 weeks' estimated gestational age. On initial presentation she reported fatigue, night sweats, and early satiety, and was found to have a white blood cell (WBC) count of 69...
December 11, 2017: Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230418/an-overview-of-the-biological-effects-of-some-mediterranean-essential-oils-on-human-health
#16
REVIEW
Hazem S Elshafie, Ippolito Camele
Essential oils (EOs), extracted from aromatic plants, are interesting natural products and represent an important part of the traditional pharmacopeia. The use of some EOs as alternative antimicrobial and pharmaceutical agents has attracted considerable interest recently. Most of the EOs and their single constituents have been reported to inhibit several phytopathogens, human pathogens, and insects as well as their effective uses in food and pharmaceutical industries. The current review discussed the chemical composition and bioactivity of some important EOs extracted from some Mediterranean plants and their principal bioactive single constituents...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230254/a-cross-lingual-mobile-medical-communication-system-prototype-for-foreigners-and-subjects-with-speech-hearing-and-mental-disabilities-based-on-pictograms
#17
Krzysztof Wołk, Agnieszka Wołk, Wojciech Glinkowski
People with speech, hearing, or mental impairment require special communication assistance, especially for medical purposes. Automatic solutions for speech recognition and voice synthesis from text are poor fits for communication in the medical domain because they are dependent on error-prone statistical models. Systems dependent on manual text input are insufficient. Recently introduced systems for automatic sign language recognition are dependent on statistical models as well as on image and gesture quality...
2017: Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230195/content-analysis-of-mobile-health-applications-on-diabetes-mellitus
#18
Syarafina Izahar, Qi Ying Lean, Mohammed Abdul Hameed, Muthu Kumar Murugiah, Rahul P Patel, Yaser Mohammed Al-Worafi, Tin Wui Wong, Long Chiau Ming
Diabetes self-management offers an opportunity to patients to be actively involved in managing their conditions and modifying lifestyle behaviors to attain positive health outcomes. With the unprecedented growth of mobile technology, smartphone plays a role in supporting diabetes self-management. Nonetheless, selecting appropriate mobile applications (apps) is challenging for patients. Thus, this study aimed to evaluate and compare the contents and features of mobile medical apps for diabetes self-management...
2017: Frontiers in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230134/guiding-elastic-rods-with-a-robot-manipulated-magnet-for-medical-applications
#19
Louis B Kratchman, Trevor L Bruns, Jake J Abbott, Robert J Webster
Magnet-tipped, elastic rods can be steered by an external magnetic field to perform surgical tasks. Such rods could be useful for a range of new medical applications because they do not require either pull wires or other bulky mechanisms that are problematic in small anatomical regions. However, current magnetic rod steering systems are large and expensive. Here, we describe a method to guide a rod using a robot-manipulated magnet located near a patient. We solve for rod deflections by combining permanent-magnet models with a Kirchhoff elastic rod model and use a resolved-rate approach to compute trajectories...
February 2017: IEEE Transactions on Robotics: a Publication of the IEEE Robotics and Automation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230127/intraarterial-liver-directed-therapies-the-role-of-interventional-oncology
#20
REVIEW
Jenson Ma, Juan Martin Gimenez, Tyler Sandow, Daniel Devun, David Kirsch, Paul Gulotta, Patrick Gilbert, Dennis Kay
Background: Since the early 1990s, the minimally invasive image-guided therapies used in interventional oncology to treat hepatocellular carcinoma have continued to evolve. Additionally, the range of applications has been expanded to the treatment of hepatic metastases from colorectal cancer, neuroendocrine tumors, cholangiocarcinoma, breast cancer, melanoma, and sarcoma. Methods: We searched the literature to identify publications from 1990 to the present on various image-guided intraarterial therapies and their efficacy, as well as their role in the management of primary and secondary liver malignancies...
2017: Ochsner Journal
keyword
keyword
17558
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"