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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770594/functional-optical-coherence-tomography-of-neurovascular-coupling-interactions-in-the-retina
#1
Taeyoon Son, Minhaj Alam, Devrim Toslak, Benquan Wang, Yiming Lu, Xincheng Yao
Quantitative evaluation of retinal neurovascular coupling is essential for a better understanding of visual function and early detection of eye diseases. However, there is no established method to monitor coherent interactions between stimulus-evoked neural activity and hemodynamic responses at high resolution. Here we report a multi-modal functional optical coherence tomography (OCT) imaging methodology to enable concurrent intrinsic optical signal (IOS) imaging of stimulus-evoked neural activity and hemodynamic responses at capillary resolution...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Biophotonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764800/mindfulness-based-symptom-and-stress-management-apps-for-adults-with-chronic-lung-disease-systematic-search-in-app-stores
#2
REVIEW
Otis L Owens, Jenay M Beer, Ligia I Reyes, David G Gallerani, Amanda R Myhren-Bennett, Karen K McDonnell
BACKGROUND: Up to 70% of lung cancer survivors are affected by chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), a common, debilitating, comorbid disease. Lung cancer and COPD are both characterized by symptoms such as breathlessness, fatigue, and psychological distress. These distressing chronic symptoms are exacerbated by stress and detract from an individual's quality of life. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify and evaluate evidence-based, commercially available apps for promoting mindfulness-based strategies among adults with a COPD or lung cancer history (ie, chronic lung disease)...
May 15, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748304/tobacco-smoke-exposure-in-early-life-and-adolescence-in-relation-to-lung-function
#3
Jesse D Thacher, Erica S Schultz, Jenny Hallberg, Ulrika Hellberg, Inger Kull, Per Thunqvist, Göran Pershagen, Per M Gustafsson, Erik Melén, Anna Bergström
Maternal smoking during pregnancy is associated with impaired lung function among young children, but less is known about long-term effects and the impact of adolescents' own smoking. We investigated the influence of maternal smoking during pregnancy, secondhand smoke exposure, and adolescent smoking on lung function at age 16 years.The BAMSE birth cohort collected information on participant's tobacco smoke exposure through repeated questionnaires, and measured saliva cotinine concentrations at age 16. Participants performed spirometry and impulse oscillometry (IOS) at age 16 (n=2295)...
May 10, 2018: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746530/survey-of-potential-receptivity-to-robotic-assisted-exercise-coaching-in-a-diverse-sample-of-smokers-and-nonsmokers
#4
Christi Patten, James Levine, Ioannis Pavlidis, Joyce Balls-Berry, Arya Shah, Christine Hughes, Tabetha Brockman, Miguel Valdez Soto, Daniel Witt, Gabriel Koepp, Pamela Sinicrope, Jamie Richards
A prior project found that an intensive (12 weeks, thrice weekly sessions) in-person, supervised, exercise coaching intervention was effective for smoking cessation among depressed women smokers. However, the sample was 90% White and of high socioeconomic status, and the intensity of the intervention limits its reach. One approach to intervention scalability is to deliver the supervised exercise coaching using a robotic human exercise trainer. This is done in real time via an iPad tablet placed on a mobile robotic wheel base and controlled remotely by an iOS device or computer...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743152/managing-and-controlling-stress-using-mhealth-systematic-search-in-app-stores
#5
David Blázquez Martín, Isabel De La Torre, Begonya Garcia-Zapirain, Miguel Lopez-Coronado, Joel Rodrigues
BACKGROUND: Traditional stress management techniques have been proven insufficient to tackle the needs of today's population. Computational-based techniques and now mobile health (mHealth) apps are showing promise to enable ease of use and access while educating end users on self-management. OBJECTIVE: The main aim of this paper was to put forward a systematic review of mHealth apps for stress management. METHODS: The scenario chosen for this study consists of a sample of the most relevant mHealth apps found on the British and Spanish online stores of the two main mobile operating systems: iOS and Android...
May 9, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736344/movement-velocity-in-the-chair-squat-is-associated-with-measures-of-functional-capacity-and-cognition-in-elderly-people-at-low-risk-of-fall
#6
Carlos Balsalobre-Fernández, Ángel Cordón, Nazaret Unquiles, Daniel Muñoz-García
Background: The purpose of this study was to analyze the relationships between muscular performance consisting of a single repetition on the chair squat exercise (CSQ) and different measures of functional capacity, balance, quality of life and cognitive status in older adults. Methods: A total of 40 participants (22 women, 18 men; age = 72.2 ± 4.9 years) joined the investigation. Muscular performance was assessed by measuring movement velocity in the CSQ with no external load using a validated smartphone application ( PowerLift for iOS)...
2018: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734965/evaluation-of-mobile-applications-related-to-nutrition
#7
Vitória Negri Braz, Maria Helena Baena de Moraes Lopes
OBJECTIVE: To verify the reliability of information, the sources of information used and the user opinions of the free mobile applications (apps) with nutritional information available in Brazil. DESIGN: Descriptive, cross-sectional study. SETTING: We evaluated the content about nutrition of free apps available on the App Store of iPhone 5S with software iOS 8.4.1 and on the Play Store of the Android platform, version 2.3.6. For this, we compared the nutrition information provided by the app with (i) the Brazilian Food Composition Table (TACO), of 2011; (ii) food composition table: support for nutritional decision, of 2002; and (iii) the National Study of Family Expenditure: food composition tables, of 1999...
May 8, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709333/gender-differences-in-morphological-and-functional-outcomes-after-mandibular-setback-surgery
#8
Khaled Dahy, Katsu Takahashi, Kazuyuki Saito, Honoka Kiso, Ibrahim Rezk, Toru Oga, Ryuji Uozumi, Kazuo Chin, Kazuhisa Bessho
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to examine and compare morphological and functional outcomes after either isolated mandibular setback or bimaxillary surgery in males and females. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective study was done on 52 patients, in whom surgical correction for mandibular prognathism was performed either by isolated mandibular setback (30 cases) or by bimaxillary surgery (22 cases). Morphological changes were studied using cephalograms and functional changes studied using impulse oscillometry (IOS) taken before surgery (T0), 3 months (T1) and 1 year after surgery (T2)...
April 11, 2018: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707681/hershberger-assays-for-di-2-ethylhexyl-phthalate-and-its-substitute-candidates
#9
Hee-Su Kim, Yong-Pil Cheon, Sung-Ho Lee
In the present study, we employed Hershberger assay to determine possible androgenic or antiandrogenic activities of three di-2-ethylhexyl phthalate (DEHP) substitute candidates. The assay was carried out using immature castrated Sprague-Dawley male rats. After 7 days of the surgery, testosterone propionate (TP, 0.4 mg/kg/day) and test materials (low dose, 40 mg/kg/day; high dose, 400 mg/kg/day) were administered for 10 consecutive days by subcutaneous (s.c.) injection and oral gavage, respectively. Test materials were DEHP, 2-ethylhexyl oleate (IOO), 2-ethylhexyl stearate (IOS) and triethyl 2-acetylcitrate (ATEC)...
March 2018: Balsaeng'gwa Saengsig
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698362/combining-intraoral-scans-cone-beam-computed-tomography-and-face-scans-the-virtual-patient
#10
Carlo Mangano, Fabrizia Luongo, Mario Migliario, Carmen Mortellaro, Francesco Guido Mangano
PURPOSE: The aim of this literature review was to provide an update on the current scientific knowledge in the field of 3D virtual patient science and to identify a possible easy, smart, and affordable method to combine different file formats obtained from different digital devices. METHODS: Electronic searches of the Medline database was performed, up to May 2017, for articles dealing with the construction of a 3D virtual patient; the matching of data acquired with different digital devices (cone beam computed tomography, CBCT; face scanner, FS; intraoral scanner, IOS; and desktop scanner, DS) was considered...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692955/the-reliability-of-vertical-jump-tests-between-the-vertec-and-my-jump-phone-application
#11
Vanessa R Yingling, Dimitri A Castro, Justin T Duong, Fiorella J Malpartida, Justin R Usher, Jenny O
Background: The vertical jump is used to estimate sports performance capabilities and physical fitness in children, elderly, non-athletic and injured individuals. Different jump techniques and measurement tools are available to assess vertical jump height and peak power; however, their use is limited by access to laboratory settings, excessive cost and/or time constraints thus making these tools oftentimes unsuitable for field assessment. A popular field test uses the Vertec and the Sargent vertical jump with countermovement; however, new low cost, easy to use tools are becoming available, including the My Jump iOS mobile application (app)...
2018: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691213/an-mhealth-app-for-decision-making-support-in-wound-dressing-selection-wounds-protocol-for-a-user-centered-feasibility-study
#12
Scott Jordan, Jane McSwiggan, Joanne Parker, Gayle A Halas, Marcia Friesen
BACKGROUND: Primary care health professionals, especially family physicians, see a variety of wounds, and yet-despite the frequency of providing wound care-many family physicians do not feel confident in wound care management. This is partly due to a lack of formal wound education in Family Medicine programs. While there are numerous electronic wound care resources available in the UK and North America, none were identified that address the specific need in supporting clinical decision-making in wound dressing selection...
April 24, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684939/loose-lipped-mobile-device-intelligent-personal-assistants-a-discussion-of-information-gleaned-from-siri-on-locked-ios-devices
#13
Graeme Horsman
The forensic analysis of mobile handsets is becoming a more prominent factor in many criminal investigations. Despite such devices frequently storing relevant evidential content to support an investigation, accessing this information is becoming an increasingly difficult task due to enhanced effective security features. Where access to a device's resident data is not possible via traditional mobile forensic methods, in some cases it may still be possible to extract user information via queries made to an installed intelligent personal assistant...
April 23, 2018: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682253/-in-vitro-evaluation-of-the-post-space-depth-reading-with-an-intraoral-scanner-ios-compared-to-a-traditional-silicon-impression
#14
A Pinto, L Arcuri, P Carosi, R Nardi, A Libonati, L Ottria, V Campanella
Objectives: The aim of the study was to assess the depth and quality of the post-space reading, using an IOS without scan-post, compared to a traditional silicon technique. Methods: Six extracted bicuspids were decoronated and endodontically treated. After having prepared the space for the posts, a structure in pink acrylic resin was created with two resin elements. At the center of the structure one sample was put at a time. Digital and traditional impressions were taken for each sample...
October 2017: Oral & Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669951/accuracy-of-digital-models-generated-by-conventional-impression-plaster-model-methods-and-intraoral-scanning
#15
Yuki Tomita, Jun Uechi, Masahiro Konno, Saera Sasamoto, Masahiro Iijima, Itaru Mizoguchi
We compared the accuracy of digital models generated by desktop-scanning of conventional impression/plaster models versus intraoral scanning. Eight ceramic spheres were attached to the buccal molar regions of dental epoxy models, and reference linear-distance measurement were determined using a contact-type coordinate measuring instrument. Alginate (AI group) and silicone (SI group) impressions were taken and converted into cast models using dental stone; the models were scanned using desktop scanner. As an alternative, intraoral scans were taken using an intraoral scanner, and digital models were generated from these scans (IOS group)...
April 17, 2018: Dental Materials Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669406/development-and-validation-study-of-the-internet-overuse-screening-questionnaire
#16
Han-Kyeong Lee, Hae-Woo Lee, Joo Hyun Han, Subin Park, Seok-Jin Ju, Kwanwoo Choi, Ji Hyeon Lee, Hong Jin Jeon
OBJECTIVE: Concerns over behavioral and emotional problems caused by excessive internet usage have been developed. This study intended to develop and a standardize questionnaire that can efficiently identify at-risk internet users through their internet usage habits. METHODS: Participants (n=158) were recruited at six I-will-centers located in Seoul, South Korea. From the initial 36 questionnaire item pool, 28 preliminary items were selected through expert evaluation and panel discussions...
April 2018: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660251/the-association-of-nasal-patency-with-small-airway-resistance-in-children-with-allergic-and-nonallergic-rhinitis
#17
Joo Young Song, Eun Kyo Ha, Yoon Ho Sheen, Mi-Ae Kim, Seung Won Lee, Jung Won Yoon, Seung Jin Lee, Young-Ho Jung, Kyung Suk Lee, Jae-Cheul Ahn, Hye Mi Jee, Man Yong Han
INTRODUCTION: Allergic rhinitis (AR) is immunologically and morphologically related to disorders in the lower airway. We investigated the relationship between the anatomy of the intranasal cavity and small airway resistance in subjects with nonallergic rhinitis (NAR). METHODS: We enrolled 226 children who were 7 years old and participated in the Seongnam Atopy Project 2016. We evaluated nasal patency using acoustic rhinometry to measure the volume of the nasal cavity at 0 to 5 cm, and measured lung function of the lower airway using an impulse oscillometry system (IOS) and spirometry...
April 16, 2018: Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655527/the-smiling-scan-technique-facially-driven-guided-surgery-and-prosthetics
#18
Alessandro Pozzi, Lorenzo Arcuri, Peter K Moy
PURPOSE: To introduce a proof of concept technique and new integrated workflow to optimize the functional and esthetic outcome of the implant-supported restorations by means of a 3-dimensional (3D) facially-driven, digital assisted treatment plan. METHODS: The Smiling Scan technique permits the creation of a virtual dental patient (VDP) showing a broad smile under static conditions. The patient is exposed to a cone beam computed tomography scan (CBCT), displaying a broad smile for the duration of the examination...
April 11, 2018: Journal of Prosthodontic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652668/still-too-little-too-late-ten-years-of-growth-hormone-therapy-baseline-data-from-the-nordinet%C3%A2-international-outcome-study
#19
Michel Polak, Daniel Konrad, Birgitte Tønnes Pedersen, Gediminas Puras, Marta Šnajderová
BACKGROUND: We investigated time trends in age, gender, growth hormone (GH) dose and height standard deviation score (SDS) in children with GH deficiency (GHD), born small for gestational age (SGA) or with Turner syndrome (TS) starting GH treatment. METHODS: Data were obtained from children enrolled in the NordiNet® International Outcome Study (IOS) between 2006 and 2015 in the Czech Republic, France, Germany, Serbia and Montenegro (all indications), and Switzerland and the UK (GHD only)...
April 13, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629730/icatibant-outcome-survey-in-patients-with-hereditary-angioedema-experience-in-israel-compared-with-other-countries
#20
Elias Toubi, Shmuel Kivity, Yael Graif, Avner Reshef, Jaco Botha, Irmgard Andresen
BACKGROUND: Management of patients with hereditary angioedema with C1-inhibitor deficiency (C1-INH-HAE) is evolving worldwide. Evaluating the Israeli experience may provide valuable insights. OBJECTIVES: To compare demographics and icatibant treatment patterns and outcomes in patients with C1-INH-HAE enrolled in the Icatibant Outcome Survey (IOS) in Israel with those in other countries. METHODS: The IOS is an ongoing observational study that prospectively monitors real-world icatibant safety/tolerability and treatment outcomes...
April 2018: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
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