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Eun Lee, Jisun Yoon, Soo-Jong Hong, Jinho Yu
AIM: We investigated airway function in preschoolers with post-infectious bronchiolitis obliterans (PIBO) using impulse oscillometry (IOS). METHODS: This study enrolled 182 children aged 3-5 years: 12 with PIBO, 135 asthma with asthma and 35 non-atopic controls. Respiratory resistance and reactance were assessed using IOS. RESULTS: The percentage predicted (% predicted) of pre-bronchodilator respiratory resistance at 5Hz was significantly higher in children with PIBO (177...
October 15, 2016: Acta Paediatrica
Andrea Zanichelli, Hilary J Longhurst, Marcus Maurer, Laurence Bouillet, Werner Aberer, Vincent Fabien, Irmgard Andresen, Teresa Caballero
BACKGROUND: Hereditary angioedema due to C1 inhibitor deficiency (C1-INH-HAE) causes swelling in the skin and upper airways and pain in the abdomen because of mucosal swelling. C1-INH-HAE is frequently misdiagnosed, leading to delays in diagnosis, inadequate treatment, and unnecessary procedures. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the history of misdiagnosis in patients participating in the Icatibant Outcome Survey (IOS). METHODS: The IOS is an observational study in which safety and effectiveness of icatibant have been evaluated since 2009...
October 2016: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
Hanna Knihtilä, Anne Kotaniemi-Syrjänen, Anna S Pelkonen, Satu Kalliola, Mika J Mäkelä, L Pekka Malmberg
INTRODUCTION: Early origins of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease have been recognized. Impulse oscillometry (IOS) is suitable for assessment of lung function also in preschool children, and some novel indices have been connected to assessment of small airway function. However, limited data exist on the sensitivity of these new indices to detect lung function deficits in young symptomatic children. METHODS: IOS measurements of 103 healthy preschool children were evaluated to establish reference equations for the difference between respiratory resistance at 5 and 20 Hz (R5-20), the relative difference of R5-20 (R5-20%), and area under the reactance curve (AX)...
October 13, 2016: Pediatric Pulmonology
Hideki Inoue, Akio Niimi, Hisako Matsumoto, Isao Ito, Tsuyoshi Oguma, Kojiro Otsuka, Tomoshi Takeda, Hitoshi Nakaji, Tomoko Tajiri, Toshiyuki Iwata, Tadao Nagasaki, Michiaki Mishima
Patch formulation of tulobuterol has been used in asthma treatment as a long-acting β2 -agonist (LABA) through sustained skin absorption. Its treatment efficacy, especially in small airways, remains poorly understood. The study aim was to investigate LABA add-on effects of tulobuterol patch (TP) and salmeterol inhaler (SA) on pulmonary function, asthma control, and health status. Patients who had adult-onset under-controlled asthma, despite taking inhaled corticosteroids, were enrolled in a randomized, open-label, parallel-group, proof-of-concept study of 12-week add-on treatment with TP (n = 16) or SA (n = 17)...
October 8, 2016: Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology & Physiology
V Lezana, A Gajardo, L Bofill, M Gutierrez, S Mora, J A Castro-Rodriguez
OBJECTIVE: To measure lung function by impulse oscillometry (IOS) and spirometry in recurrent wheezer pre-schoolers according to their asthma predictive index (API) condition. METHODS: We performed a case-control study enrolling all pre-schoolers with recurrent wheezing episodes (>3 episodes confirmed by physician) who presented at a paediatric pulmonology clinic. The population was divided according to stringent API criteria into positive or negative. RESULTS: In the nine-month period, 109 pre-schoolers were enrolled...
October 4, 2016: Allergologia et Immunopathologia
Phillip J Clapham, Yulia V Ivashchenko
Falsification of reports on Japanese catches of sperm whales (Physeter macrocephalus) is known to have occurred at both land whaling stations and in North Pacific factory fleets. Here, we conduct an analysis of pelagic sperm whale catches in the Southern Hemisphere: we compare true Soviet length data from the Yuri Dolgorukiy factory fleet during 1960-1975 to data for the same period reported to the International Whaling Commission (IWC) by Japan. Prior to implementation of the International Observer Scheme (IOS) in 1972, the Soviet fleet killed 5536 females, of which only 153 (2...
September 2016: Royal Society Open Science
Kaitlin M Johnson, Sean C Lema
Several estuaries along the Pacific Ocean coast of North America were identified recently as having elevated 4-nonylphenol (4-NP) in sediments and biota, raising concerns about reproductive impacts for wildlife given 4-NP's established estrogenic activity as an endocrine-disrupting compound. Here we characterize 4-NP mediated induction and recovery of estrogen-sensitive gene transcripts in the arrow goby (Clevelandia ios), an intertidal fish abundant in estuarine mud flats on the west coast of North America...
October 3, 2016: Environmental Toxicology
Michael Johannes Schöll, Edgar Santos, Renan Sanchez-Porras, Modar Kentar, Markus Gramer, Humberto Silos, Zelong Zheng, Yuan Gang, Anthony John Strong, Rudolf Graf, Andreas Unterberg, Oliver W Sakowitz, Hartmut Dickhaus
Haemodynamic responses to spreading depolarizations (SDs) have an important role during the development of secondary brain damage. Characterization of the haemodynamic responses in larger brains, however, is difficult due to movement artefacts. Intrinsic optical signal (IOS) imaging, laser speckle flowmetry (LSF) and electrocorticography were performed in different configurations in three groups of in total 18 swine. SDs were elicited by topical application of KCl or occurred spontaneously after middle cerebral artery occlusion...
September 27, 2016: Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism
Soumaya Lemai, Assya Benhabiles
Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is a genetic disease characterized by bone fragility and low bone mass, rare disease (with an estimated prevalence of 1 per 10,000 to 20,000), and is responsible for fractures, long bone and vertebral deformities (spinal deformities). IOs are genetic and hereditary diseases, usually autosomal dominant, and are transmitted from generation to generation. In our country, Algeria, the rate of consanguinity is 38% to 40%, which results in an increase in "hereditary diseases". On the other hand, therapists face difficulties with patient care, made worse by the lack of a prevention policy...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Asma A Abahussin, Ahmed I Albarrak
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of childhood vaccine-preventable diseases can be significantly reduced through adherence to confirmed vaccination schedules. However, many barriers to vaccination compliance exist, including a lack of awareness regarding the importance of vaccines, missing due dates, and fear of complications from vaccinations. The aim of this study is to review the existing tools and publications regarding vaccination adherence, and to propose a design for a vaccination adherence application (app) for smartphones...
September 19, 2016: Journal of Infection and Public Health
David E Conroy, Alexandra Dubansky, Joshua Remillard, Robert Murray, Christine A Pellegrini, Siobhan M Phillips, Necole M Streeper
OBJECTIVE: To determine the extent to which validated techniques for behavior change have been infused in commercially-available fluid consumption apps. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Coders evaluated behavior change techniques represented in online descriptions for 50 fluid consumption apps and the latest version of each app. RESULTS: Apps incorporated a limited range of behavior change techniques (<20% of taxonomy). The number of techniques varied by operating system but not as a function of whether apps were free or paid...
September 16, 2016: Urology
Brodie M Sakakibara, Emily Ross, Gavin Arthur, Lynda Brown-Ganzert, Samantha Petrin, Tara Sedlak, Scott A Lear
BACKGROUND/INTRODUCTION: Self-management approaches are regarded as appropriate methods to support patients with cardiovascular disease (CVD) and to prevent secondary complications and hospitalizations. Key to successful self-management is the ability of individuals to enlist peer supports to help sustain motivation and efforts to manage their condition. The purpose of this study was to investigate the proof of concept of a peer-support mobile-health (m-health) program, called Healing Circles, and explore the program's effect on self-management, social support, and health-related quality of life in women with CVD...
September 13, 2016: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
Cameron C Jones, Steffi Valdeig, Raymond M Sova, Clifford R Weiss
Biofilms are difficult to eradicate due to a protective architecture and create major challenges in patient care by diminishing both host immune response and therapeutic approaches. This study investigated a new strategy for treating surface-attached biofilms by delivering germicidal UV through a material surface in a process referred to as "inside-out sterilization" (IOS). Mature Pseudomonas aeruginosa (ATCC(®) 27853(™) ) biofilms were irradiated with up to 1400 mJ cm(-2) of germicidal UV from both ambient and IOS configurations...
September 12, 2016: Photochemistry and Photobiology
Corinne Frere, Dominique Farge
Symptomatic venous thromboembolism (VTE) occurs 4-7 times more frequently in cancer patients as compared to non-cancer patients. A significant number of risk factors, which can be subcategorised as patient-, cancer- or treatment-related, have been shown to influence the risk of VTE during malignancy and further incorporated in risk-assessment models. Safe and efficient thromboprophylaxis regimens allow substantial decreased in VTE rates, since VTE is most often a largely preventable disease, but thromboprophylaxis remains underused in cancer compared to non-cancer patients...
September 27, 2016: Thrombosis and Haemostasis
Lin Liu, Wen Liu, Chunhong Liu, Dexiang Wang, Jiping Zhao, Junfei Wang, Jinxiang Wu, Tian Liu, Yuanyuan Zhang, Yahui Liu, Liuzhao Cao, Liang Dong
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: The invasive techniques can be direct and objective to assess small airway function, but they have significant risks and inconveniences for patients and can not be repeated often. Some sophisticated techniques such as fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) and impulse oscillometry (IOS) may surmount such restrictions. Therefore, we investigated the relation among FeNO, IOS and small airway function in asthmatic patients. METHODS: We recruited 140 asthmatic patients including 69 patients with small airway normal function and 71 patients with small airway dysfunction...
September 8, 2016: Clinical Respiratory Journal
Tim Joda, Patrik Lenherr, Philipp Dedem, Irina Kovaltschuk, Urs Bragger, Nicola U Zitzmann
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this randomized controlled trial was to analyze implant impression techniques applying intraoral scanning (IOS) and the conventional method according to time efficiency, difficulty, and operator's preference. MATERIAL AND METHODS: One hundred participants (n = 100) with diverse levels of dental experience were included and randomly assigned to Group A performing digital scanning (TRIOS Pod) first or Group B conducting conventional impression (open tray with elastomer) first, while the second method was performed consecutively...
September 5, 2016: Clinical Oral Implants Research
I Maloča Vuljanko, M Turkalj, B Nogalo, S Bulat Lokas, D Plavec
BACKGROUND: Diagnosing asthma in children is a challenge and using a single biomarker from exhaled breath condensate (EBC) showed the lack of improvement in it. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the diagnostic potential of a pattern of simple chemical biomarkers from EBC in diagnosing asthma in children in a real-life setting, its association with lung function and gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). METHODS: In 75 consecutive children aged 5-7 years with asthma-like symptoms the following tests were performed: skin prick tests, spirometry, impulse oscillometry (IOS), exhaled NO (FENO), 24-hour oesophageal pH monitoring and EBC collection with subsequent analysis of pH, carbon dioxide tension, oxygen tension, and concentrations of magnesium, calcium, iron and urates...
August 31, 2016: Allergologia et Immunopathologia
Koundinya Desiraju, Anurag Agrawal
Impulse oscillometry (IOS) is a variant of forced oscillation technique, described by Dubois over 50 years ago, which permits passive measurement of lung mechanics. In this method, sound waves are superimposed on normal tidal breathing, and the disturbances in flow and pressure caused by the external waves are used to calculate parameters describing the resistance to airflow and reactive parameters that mostly relate to efficient storage and return of energy by the lung. It requires minimal patient cooperation and can be done easily in subjects who are unable to perform spirometry...
July 2016: Lung India: Official Organ of Indian Chest Society
Jeffrey Hsu, Di Liu, Ya Min Yu, Hui Tong Zhao, Zhi Rou Chen, Jiao Li, Wei Chen
BACKGROUND: China's mHealth market is on track to become a global leader by industry size. The Chinese mobile app market and health care system have peculiarities that distinguish them from other app markets. To date, Chinese mHealth apps have not been systematically investigated. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to provide an overview of Chinese mHealth apps as of December 2015. METHODS: We identified and investigated the most downloaded apps from the iOS and Android platforms...
August 29, 2016: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Gert-Jan Bekker, Haruki Nakamura, Akira R Kinjo
We have developed a new platform-independent web-based molecular viewer using JavaScript and WebGL. The molecular viewer, Molmil, has been integrated into several services offered by Protein Data Bank Japan and can be easily extended with new functionality by third party developers. Furthermore, the viewer can be used to load files in various formats from the user's local hard drive without uploading the data to a server. Molmil is available for all platforms supporting WebGL (e.g. Windows, Linux, iOS, Android) from http://gjbekker...
2016: Journal of Cheminformatics
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