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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231677/-a-systematic-review-of-worldwide-natural-history-models-of-colorectal-cancer-classification-transition-rate-and-a-recommendation-for-developing-chinese-population-specific-model
#1
Z F Li, H Y Huang, J F Shi, C G Guo, S M Zou, C C Liu, Y Wang, L Wang, S L Zhu, S L Wu, M Dai
Objective: To review the worldwide studies on natural history models among colorectal cancer (CRC), and to inform building a Chinese population-specific CRC model and developing a platform for further evaluation of CRC screening and other interventions in population in China. Methods: A structured literature search process was conducted in PubMed and the target publication dates were from January 1995 to December 2014. Information about classification systems on both colorectal cancer and precancer on corresponding transition rate, were extracted and summarized...
February 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231642/meniscal-transplants-and-scaffolds-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#2
REVIEW
Sean Dangelmajer, Filippo Familiari, Roberto Simonetta, Mehmet Kaymakoglu, Gazi Huri
The reported incidence of meniscal tears is approximately 61 per 100,000. In instances where preservation of the native meniscus is no longer a feasible option, meniscal allograft transplantation (MAT) and implants or scaffolds may be considered. The goal of this review was to compare the success and failure rates of two techniques, MAT and meniscal scaffolds, and make an inference which treatment is more preferable at the present time and future. Studies that met inclusion criteria were assessed for technique used, type of transplant used, number of procedures included in the study, mean age of patients, mean follow-up time, number of failures, failure rate, and reported reoperation rate...
March 1, 2017: Knee Surgery & related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231630/the-role-of-the-family-in-supporting-the-self-management-of-chronic-conditions-a-qualitative-systematic-review
#3
Whitehead Lisa, Towell Amanda, Abu-Qamar Ma'en, Cole-Heath Amanda
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To explore the contribution of family members in promoting and supporting the self-management of chronic conditions among adult family members. BACKGROUND: The prevalence of chronic disease continues to grow globally. The role of the family in chronic condition management and support for self-management has received little attention. DESIGN: A systematic review of qualitative literature using the Joanna Briggs Institute approach for qualitative systematic reviews...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231526/enhanced-identification-of-%C3%AE-lactamases-and-its-classes-using-sequence-physicochemical-and-evolutionary-information-with-sequence-feature-characterization-of-the-classes
#4
Abhigyan Nath, S Karthikeyan
β-lactamases provides one of the most successful means of evading the therapeutic effects of β lactam class of antibiotics by many gram positive and gram negative bacteria. On the basis of sequence identity, β-lactamases have been identified into four distinct classes- A, B, C and D. The classes A, C and D are the serine β-lactamases and class B is the metallo-lactamse. In the present study, we developed a two stage cascade classification system. The first-stage performs the classification of β-lactamases from non-β-lactamases and the second-stage performs the further classification of β-lactamases into four different β-lactamase classes...
February 14, 2017: Computational Biology and Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231496/attrition-in-trials-evaluating-complex-interventions-for-schizophrenia-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
REVIEW
P Szymczynska, S Walsh, L Greenberg, S Priebe
Essential criteria for the methodological quality and validity of randomized controlled trials are the drop-out rates from both the experimental intervention and the study as a whole. This systematic review and meta-analysis assessed these drop-out rates in non-pharmacological schizophrenia trials. A systematic literature search was used to identify relevant trials with ≥100 sample size and to extract the drop-out data. The rates of drop-out from the experimental intervention and study were calculated with meta-analysis of proportions...
February 11, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231451/disaggregation-of-human-islet-amyloid-polypeptide-fibril-formation-by-ruthenium-polypyridyl-complexes
#6
Dengsen Zhu, Gehui Gong, Wenji Wang, Weihong Du
The toxicity of amyloid proteins is associated with many degenerative and systematic diseases. The aggregation of human islet amyloid polypeptide may induce pancreatic β-cell death, which is linked to type II diabetes. Ruthenium complexes are inhibitors of various proteins and potential anticancer metallodrugs, which can also be used to disaggregate amyloid proteins. This work reported that several ruthenium polypyridyl complexes remarkably affected the peptide aggregation by predominant hydrophobic interaction and metal coordination, as reflected by thermodynamic parameters and mass spectrometry analysis...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231445/principles-of-systems-biology-no-14
#7
(no author information available yet)
This month: sage advice from phage to their offspring; systematic analyses of protein quality control, mitochondrial respiration, and woody biomass; a continental-scale experiment; and engineered protein tools galore.
February 22, 2017: Cell Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231440/effects-of-acupressure-on-chemotherapy-induced-nausea-and-vomiting-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analyses-and-trial-sequential-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#8
REVIEW
Jing Miao, Xinyou Liu, Chaojun Wu, Hui Kong, Weiping Xie, Kouying Liu
BACKGROUND: Acupressure has been used as an effective way in treating with stomach upset. However the efficacy of acupressure in preventing chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting is uncertain. OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of acupressure on three categories of chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting. DATA SOURCES: Databases had been retrieved from inception through February 2016 for the randomized controlled trials in accordance with the inclusion criteria, including PubMed, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Web of Science, EMBASE, Science Direct, CINAHL, China Biology Medicine, Chinese National Knowledge infrastructure, Wan Fang and Database for Chinese Technical Periodicals...
February 14, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231347/histomorphometric-results-after-postextraction-socket-healing-with-different-biomaterials-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature-and-meta-analysis
#9
Stefano Corbella, Silvio Taschieri, Luca Francetti, Roberto Weinstein, Massimo Del Fabbro
PURPOSE: The aim of this systematic review was to investigate which material is the most effective bone substitute for alveolar bone healing by evaluating histomorphometric outcomes after healing of postextraction sockets in humans. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A manual and electronic search (PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Library) was performed using a search string prepared ad hoc. Data were statistically analyzed by calculating weighted mean percentage of new bone formation (primary outcome) and weighted mean percentage of residual biomaterial, soft/connective tissue, and nonmineralized tissue (secondary outcomes) in the biopsies...
February 23, 2017: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231327/functionally-focused-algorithmic-analysis-of-high-resolution-microarray-cgh-genomic-landscapes-demonstrates-comparable-genomic-copy-number-aberrations-in-msi-and-mss-sporadic-colorectal-cancer
#10
Hamad Ali, Milad S Bitar, Ashraf Al Madhoun, Makia Marafie, Fahd Al-Mulla
Array-based comparative genomic hybridization (aCGH) emerged as a powerful technology for studying copy number variations at higher resolution in many cancers including colorectal cancer. However, the lack of standardized systematic protocols including bioinformatic algorithms to obtain and analyze genomic data resulted in significant variation in the reported copy number aberration (CNA) data. Here, we present genomic aCGH data obtained using highly stringent and functionally relevant statistical algorithms from 116 well-defined microsatellites instable (MSI) and microsatellite stable (MSS) colorectal cancers...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231292/a-systematic-review-of-maternal-smoking-during-pregnancy-and-fetal-measurements-with-meta-analysis
#11
Miriam Abraham, Salem Alramadhan, Carmen Iniguez, Liesbeth Duijts, Vincent W V Jaddoe, Herman T Den Dekker, Sarah Crozier, Keith M Godfrey, Peter Hindmarsh, Torstein Vik, Geir W Jacobsen, Wojciech Hanke, Wojciech Sobala, Graham Devereux, Steve Turner
BACKGROUND: Maternal smoking during pregnancy is linked to reduced birth weight but the gestation at onset of this relationship is not certain. We present a systematic review of the literature describing associations between maternal smoking during pregnancy and ultrasound measurements of fetal size, together with an accompanying meta-analysis. METHODS: Studies were selected from electronic databases (OVID, EMBASE and Google Scholar) that examined associations between maternal smoking or smoke exposure and antenatal fetal ultrasound measurements...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231287/effect-of-high-dose-rosuvastatin-loading-before-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-in-chinese-patients-with-acute-coronary-syndrome-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
Ziliang Ye, Haili Lu, Qiang Su, Wenqin Guo, Weiran Dai, Hongqing Li, Huafeng Yang, Lang Li
BACKGROUND: Acute coronary syndrome (ACS) is an important disease threatening human life and health. Many studies have shown that the loading dose of atorvastatin can significantly improve the prognosis of patients with ACS, and reduce the mortality. However, this conclusion is not consistent. Thus, we aimed to evaluate the effect of high-dose rosuvastatin loading before percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in Chinese patients with ACS using a meta-analysis based on a systematic review of published articles...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231252/toward-a-comprehensive-taxonomy-of-human-motives
#13
Jennifer R Talevich, Stephen J Read, David A Walsh, Ravi Iyer, Gurveen Chopra
A major success in personality has been the development of a consensual structure of traits. However, much less progress has been made on the structure of an equally important aspect of human psychology: motives. We present an empirically and theoretically structured hierarchical taxonomy of 161 motives gleaned from a literature review from McDougall to the present and based on the cluster analysis of similarity judgments among these 161 motives, a broader sampling of motives than previous work. At the broadest level were: Meaning, Communion, and Agency...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231038/medication-related-osteonecrosis-of-the-jaw-and-dental-implants-failures-a-systematic-review
#14
Riccardo Guazzo, Luca Sbricoli, Sara Ricci, Eriberto Bressan, Adriano Piattelli, Flavia Iaculli
No well-established evidence supporting safe use of bisphosphonates (BPs) or other antiresorptive agents prior, during, or after dentoalveolar surgery, are currently available; moreover, the real risk of osteonecrosis of the jaw (ONJ) development is still unknown. The aim of the present systematic review was to assess the scientific literature concerning the implants placement in antiresorptive agent users and the related risk of implants failure and ONJ development. English papers published from January 2003 until December 2014 were identified on the MEDLINE database...
February 2017: Journal of Oral Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231030/safety-of-patient-mobilization-and-rehabilitation-in-the-icu-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#15
Peter Nydahl, Thiti Sricharoenchai, Saurabh Chandra, Firuzan Sari Kundt, Minxuan Huang, Magdalena Fischill, Dale M Needham
BACKGROUND: Early mobilization and rehabilitation of patients in intensive care units (ICU) may improve physical function, and reduce the duration of delirium, mechanical ventilation and ICU length of stay. However, safety concerns are an important barrier to widespread implementation. OBJECTIVE: To synthesize safety data regarding patient mobilization and rehabilitation in the ICU, including falls, removal of endotracheal tubes (ETT), removal or dysfunction of intravascular catheters, removal of other catheters/tubes, cardiac arrest, hemodynamic changes and desaturation...
February 23, 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230987/urinary-antibiotics-of-pregnant-women-in-eastern-china-and-cumulative-health-risk-assessment
#16
Hexing Wang, Na Wang, Junhua Qian, Lingyun Hu, Peixin Huang, Meifang Su, Xin Yu, Chaowei Fu, Feng Jiang, Qi Zhao, Ying Zhou, Haijiang Lin, Gengsheng He, Yue Chen, Qingwu Jiang
Exposure to antibiotics during pregnancy can pose a systematic effect on human health. A few bio-monitoring studies have demonstrated an extensive exposure of children to antibiotics, but there is still lack of data for pregnant women. To assess the exposure of pregnant women to antibiotics and potential health risk, we investigated 536 pregnant women aged 16-42 years from two geographically different study sites in Eastern China in 2015. We measured 21 antibiotics of five categories (seven fluoroquinolones, three phenicols, four tetracyclines, three macrolides, and four sulfonamides) in urines by using the isotope dilution ultra-performance liquid chromatography coupled to quadrupole time of-flight mass spectrometry...
February 23, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230911/interventions-to-reduce-the-stigma-of-eating-disorders-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
REVIEW
Joanna R Doley, Laura M Hart, Arthur A Stukas, Katja Petrovic, Ayoub Bouguettaya, Susan J Paxton
Stigma is a problem for individuals with eating disorders (EDs), forming a barrier to disclosure and help-seeking. Interventions to reduce ED stigma may help remove these barriers; however, it is not known which strategies (e.g., explaining etiology to reduce blame, contact with a person with an ED, or educating about ED) are effective in reducing stigma and related outcomes. This review described effectiveness of intervention strategies, and identified gaps in the literature. A search of four databases was performed using the terms (eating disorder* OR bulimi* OR anorexi* OR binge-eating disorder) AND (stigma* OR stereotyp* OR beliefs OR negative attitudes) AND (program OR experiment OR intervention OR education), with additional texts sought through LISTSERVs...
February 23, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230908/probiotics-for-people-with-hepatic-encephalopathy
#18
REVIEW
Rohan Dalal, Richard G McGee, Stephen M Riordan, Angela C Webster
BACKGROUND: Hepatic encephalopathy is a disorder of brain function as a result of liver failure or portosystemic shunt or both. Both hepatic encephalopathy (clinically overt) and minimal hepatic encephalopathy (not clinically overt) significantly impair patient's quality of life and daily functioning, and represent a significant burden on healthcare resources. Probiotics are live micro-organisms, which when administered in adequate amounts, may confer a health benefit on the host. OBJECTIVES: To determine the beneficial and harmful effects of probiotics in any dosage, compared with placebo or no intervention, or with any other treatment for people with any grade of acute or chronic hepatic encephalopathy...
February 23, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230771/antibiotic-resistance-determinant-focused-acinetobacter-baumannii-vaccine-designed-using-reverse-vaccinology
#19
Zhaohui Ni, Yan Chen, Edison Ong, Yongqun He
As one of the most influential and troublesome human pathogens, Acinetobacter baumannii (A. baumannii) has emerged with many multidrug-resistant strains. After collecting 33 complete A. baumannii genomes and 84 representative antibiotic resistance determinants, we used the Vaxign reverse vaccinology approach to predict classical type vaccine candidates against A. baumannii infections and new type vaccine candidates against antibiotic resistance. Our genome analysis identified 35 outer membrane or extracellular adhesins that are conserved among all 33 genomes, have no human protein homology, and have less than 2 transmembrane helices...
February 21, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230737/role-of-fiber-in-symptomatic-uncomplicated-diverticular-disease-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Marilia Carabotti, Bruno Annibale, Carola Severi, Edith Lahner
Symptomatic uncomplicated diverticular disease (SUDD) is a syndrome characterized by recurrent abdominal symptoms in patients with colonic diverticula. There is some evidence that a high-fiber diet or supplemental fibers may reduce symptoms in SUDD patients and a high-fiber diet is commonly suggested for these patients. This systematic review aims to update the evidence on the efficacy of fiber treatment in SUDD, in terms of a reduction in symptoms and the prevention of acute diverticulitis. According to PRISMA, we identified studies on SUDD patients treated with fibers (PubMed and Scopus)...
February 20, 2017: Nutrients
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