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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332061/design-and-implementation-of-an-advanced-telemedicine-model-for-the-rural-people-of-bangladesh
#1
Uzzal Kumar Prodhan, Mohammad Zahidur Rahman, Israt Jahan
OBJECTIVES: Telemedicine based healthcare service faces different difficulties especially in the remote people of Bangladesh. The objective of this study was to implement an advanced telemedicine model in order to provide the healthcare services for the rural people of Bangladesh. METHODS: We developed the telemedicine model using an ardunio based low cost portable telemedicine tool kit by interfacing android application. Then we collected ECG, blood pressure, temperature, concentration of glucose in blood, SPO2, body position, airflow, height and weight through our developed model...
January 5, 2018: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331250/inferred-joint-multigram-models-for-medical-term-normalization-according-to-icd
#2
Alicia Pérez, Aitziber Atutxa, Arantza Casillas, Koldo Gojenola, Álvaro Sellart
BACKGROUND: Electronic Health Records (EHRs) are written using spontaneous natural language. Often, terms do not match standard terminology like the one available through the International Classification of Diseases (ICD). OBJECTIVE: Information retrieval and exchange can be improved using standard terminology. Our aim is to render diagnostic terms written in spontaneous language in EHRs into the standard framework provided by the ICD. METHODS: We tackle diagnostic term normalization employing Weighted Finite-State Transducers (WFSTs)...
February 2018: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330643/antihypertensive-medication-and-dementia-risk-in-older-adult-african-americans-with-hypertension-a-prospective-cohort-study
#3
Michael D Murray, Hugh C Hendrie, Kathleen A Lane, Mengjie Zheng, Roberta Ambuehl, Shanshan Li, Frederick W Unverzagt, Christopher M Callahan, Sujuan Gao
BACKGROUND: African Americans are especially at risk of hypertension and dementia. Antihypertensive medications reduce the risk of cardiovascular events, but may also reduce the risk of dementia. OBJECTIVE: To assess the longitudinal effects of antihypertensive medications and blood pressure on the onset of incident dementia in a cohort of African Americans. DESIGN: Prospective cohort. PARTICIPANTS: 1236 community-dwelling patients from an inner-city public health care system, aged 65 years and older, with a history of hypertension but no history of dementia, and who had at least three primary care visits and a prescription filled for any medication...
January 12, 2018: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326146/prior-authorization-requirements-for-proprotein-convertase-subtilisin-kexin-type-9-inhibitors-across-us-private-and-public-payers
#4
Jalpa A Doshi, Justin T Puckett, Michael S Parmacek, Daniel J Rader
BACKGROUND: Proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 inhibitors (PCSK9is) are an innovative treatment option for patients with familial hypercholesterolemia or clinical atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease who require further lowering of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol. However, the high costs of these agents have spurred payers to implement utilization management policies to ensure appropriate use. We examined prior authorization (PA) requirements for PCSK9is across private and public US payers...
January 2018: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320943/management-training-in-global-health-education-a-health-innovation-fellowship-training-program-to-bring-healthcare-to-low-income-communities-in-central-america
#5
Andrea M Prado, Andy A Pearson, Nathan S Bertelsen
BACKGROUND: Interprofessional education is increasingly recognized as essential for health education worldwide. Although effective management, innovation, and entrepreneurship are necessary to improve health systems, business schools have been underrepresented in global health education. Central America needs more health professionals trained in health management and innovation to respond to health disparities, especially in rural communities. OBJECTIVE:   This paper explores the impact of the Health Innovation Fellowship (HIF), a new training program for practicing health professionals offered jointly by the Central American Healthcare Initiative and INCAE Business School, Costa Rica...
2018: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315420/e-cigarette-marketing-and-communication-how-e-cigarette-companies-market-e-cigarettes-and-the-public-engages-with-e-cigarette-information
#6
Lauren Collins, Allison M Glasser, Haneen Abudayyeh, Jennifer L Pearson, Andrea C Villanti
Introduction: Given the lack of regulation on marketing of electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) in the U.S. and the increasing exchange of e-cigarette-related information online, it is critical to understand how e-cigarette companies market e-cigarettes and how the public engages with e-cigarette information. Methods: Results are from a systematic review of peer-reviewed literature on e-cigarettes via a PubMed search through June 1, 2017. Search terms included: "e-cigarette*" OR "electronic cigarette" OR "electronic cigarettes" OR "electronic nicotine delivery" OR "vape" OR "vaping...
January 5, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314328/nurse-to-nurse-shift-handoffs-on-medical-surgical-units-a-process-within-the-flow-of-nursing-care
#7
Katherine M Ernst, Sara A McComb, Cathaleen Ley
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this research was to qualitatively investigate the medical-surgical nurse shift handoff as a process within the workflow of the exchanging nurses. Specifically, this study sought to identify the ideal handoff, ways the handoff deviated from ideal, and subsequent effect on nursing care. BACKGROUND: The functions as well as information content of the handoff have been studied. However, typical studies look at the handoff as an isolated activity utilizing nurse perceptions as the primary measure of quality...
January 4, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309026/sound-exposure-of-healthcare-professionals-working-with-a-university-marching-band
#8
Jeffrey A Russell, Moegi Yamaguchi
BACKGROUND: Music-induced hearing disorders are known to result from exposure to excessive levels of music of different genres. Marching band music, with its heavy emphasis on brass and percussion, is one type that is a likely contributor to music-induced hearing disorders, although specific data on sound pressure levels of marching bands have not been widely studied. Furthermore, if marching band music does lead to music-induced hearing disorders, the musicians may not be the only individuals at risk...
January 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308359/evaluation-of-risk-factors-for-exchange-range-hyperbilirubinemia-and-neurotoxicity-in-neonates-from-hilly-terrain-of-india
#9
Deeksha A Singla, Seema Sharma, Milap Sharma, Sanjeev Chaudhary
Background and Aim: Neonatal hyperbilirubinemia continues to be the most common cause of hospital admissions and readmissions in the neonatal population worldwide and this pattern continues despite attempts to identify neonates at risk of pathological hyperbilirubinemia. Therefore, this study aimed to study the risk factors for severe hyperbilirubinemia in neonates. Materials and Methods: An observational prospective study was undertaken for 1 year in neonates with hyperbilirubinemia requiring double volume exchange transfusion in neonatology unit of a tertiary rural health care hospital...
October 2017: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308066/the-evolution-and-distribution-of-noxious-species-of-scorpions-arachnida-scorpiones
#10
REVIEW
Wilson R Lourenço
This contribution attempts to bring some general information on the evolution and, in particular, on the geographic distribution of scorpion species noxious to humans. Since 95% of the scorpions incidents are generated by specimens of the family Buthidae C. L. Koch, the analysis will be limited to this familial group. As in previous similar contributions, the content of this work is mostly addressed to non-specialists whose research embraces scorpions in several fields such as venom toxins and public health...
2018: Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxins Including Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304498/low-cost-measurement-techniques-to-characterize-the-influence-of-home-heating-fuel-on-carbon-monoxide-in-navajo-homes
#11
Joanna Gordon Casey, John Ortega, Evan Coffey, Michael Hannigan
A large fraction of the global population relies on the inefficient combustion of solid fuels for cooking and home heating, resulting in household exposure to combustion byproducts. In the southwestern United States, unhealthy air quality has been observed in some homes that use solid fuels as a primary source of heat on the Navajo Nation. In order to better understand how home heating fuel choice can influence indoor air quality in this region, we used recently developed low-cost electrochemical sensors to measure carbon monoxide (CO) air mole fractions continuously inside and outside 41 homes in two communities on the Navajo Nation...
January 2, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298450/a-statewide-medication-management-system-health-information-exchange-to-support-drug-therapy-optimization-by-pharmacists-across-the-continuum-of-care
#12
Karen Pellegrin, Francis Chan, Natalie Pagoria, Sheena Jolson-Oakes, Reece Uyeno, Andrew Levin
BACKGROUND:  While evidence generally supports the use of medication management technology, systems are typically implemented and evaluated piecemeal rather than as part of a comprehensive model for medication management. Systems to support drug therapy optimization, increasingly a key role of pharmacists in our healthcare system, have not yet been reported. OBJECTIVE:  Our objective is to describe the design, implementation, and use of health information technology to support the hospital and community pharmacists' management of medications for high-risk patients statewide in the "Pharm2Pharm" model of care...
January 2018: Applied Clinical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29296130/driving-and-dementia-workshop-module-on-communicating-cessation-to-drive
#13
Anna Byszewski, Barbara Power, Linda Lee, Glara Gaeun Rhee, Bob Parson, Frank Molnar
Background: For persons with dementia (PWD), driving becomes very dangerous. Physicians in Canada are legally responsible to report unfit drivers and then must disclose that decision to their patients. That difficult discussion is fraught with challenges: physicians want to maintain a healthy relationship; patients often lack insight into their cognitive loss and have very strong emotional reactions to the loss of their driving privileges. All of which may stifle the exchange of accurate information...
December 2017: Canadian Geriatrics Journal: CGJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284920/national-communicable-disease-surveillance-system-a-review-on-information-and-organizational-structures-in-developed-countries
#14
REVIEW
Hossein Bagherian, Mohammad Farahbakhsh, Reza Rabiei, Hamid Moghaddasi, Farkhondeh Asadi
Introduction: To obtain necessary information for managing communicable diseases, different countries have developed national communicable diseases surveillance systems (NCDSS). Exploiting the lesson learned from the leading countries in development of surveillance systems provides the foundation for developing these systems in other countries. In this study, the information and organizational structure of NCDSS in developed countries were reviewed. Methods: The study reviewed publications found on the organizational structure, content and data flow of NCDSS in the United States of America (USA), Australia and Germany that were published in English between 2000 and 2016...
December 2017: Acta Informatica Medica: AIM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283482/implementation-challenges-of-the-final-rule-of-title-42-of-the-code-of-federal-regulations-part-2-can-privacy-endure-in-an-era-of-electronic-health-information-exchange
#15
Brian Barnett, Hilary S Connery
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280679/do-online-health-communities-enhance-patient-physician-relationship-an-assessment-of-the-impact-of-social-support-and-patient-empowerment
#16
Anne-Francoise Audrain-Pontevia, Loick Menvielle
The diffusion of the Web 2.0 has made it possible for patients to exchange on online health communities, defined as computer-mediated communities dedicated to health topics, wherein members can build relationships with other members. It is now acknowledged that online health communities provide users not only with medical information but also with social support with no time or geographical boundaries. However, in spite of their considerable interest, there is still a paucity of research as to how online health communities alter the patient-physician relationship...
January 1, 2017: Health Services Management Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277596/smartphone-usage-patterns-by-canadian-neurosurgery-residents-a-national-cross-sectional-survey
#17
M M Kameda-Smith, C Iorio-Morin, A Winkler-Schwartz, Ahmed S Uzair, D Bergeron, M Bigder, A Dakson, C A Elliott, D Guha, P Lavergne, S Makarenko, M S Taccone, M Tso, B Wang, D Fortin
BACKGROUND: Smartphones and their apps are used ubiquitously in medical practice. However in some cases their use can be at odds with current patient data safety regulations such as Canada's Personal Health Information Protection Act (PHIPA) 2004. In order to assess current practices and inform mobile application development, we sought to better understand mobile device usage patterns amongst Canadian neurosurgery residents. METHODS: Through the Canadian Neurosurgery Research Collaborative (CNRC), an online survey characterizing smartphone ownership and usage patterns was developed and sent to all Canadian neurosurgery resident in April of 2016...
December 22, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273045/doctors-opinion-on-the-contribution-of-coordination-mechanisms-to-improving-clinical-coordination-between-primary-and-outpatient-secondary-care-in-the-catalan-national-health-system
#18
Marta-Beatriz Aller, Ingrid Vargas, Jordi Coderch, Maria-Luisa Vázquez
BACKGROUND: Clinical coordination is considered a health policy priority as its absence can lead to poor quality of care and inefficiency. A key challenge is to identify which strategies should be implemented to improve coordination. The aim is to analyse doctors' opinions on the contribution of mechanisms to improving clinical coordination between primary and outpatient secondary care and the factors influencing their use. METHODS: A qualitative descriptive study in three healthcare networks of the Catalan national health system...
December 22, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260923/exploring-engagement-in-a-virtual-community-of-practice-in-pediatric-rehabilitation-who-are-non-users-lurkers-and-posters
#19
Karen Hurtubise, Gabrielle Pratte, Lisa Rivard, Jade Berbari, Léa Héguy, Chantal Camden
PURPOSE: Communities of practice are increasingly recognized in rehabilitation as useful knowledge transfer tools; however, little is known about their users. This exploratory study describes the characteristics of participants and non-participants invited to engage in a pediatric rehabilitation virtual community of practice. In addition, we explored virtual community of practice utilization behaviors, engagement predictors, and the impact of strategies designed to foster engagement. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Participants' demographics including information-seeking style and organization e-readiness, as well as online platform frequency of use data were collected and analyzed using descriptive, comparative, and predictive statistics...
December 20, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242174/standard-anatomic-terminologies-comparison-for-use-in-a-health-information-exchange-based-prior-computed-tomography-ct-alerting-system
#20
Anton Oscar Beitia, Tina Lowry, Daniel J Vreeman, George T Loo, Bradley N Delman, Frederick L Thum, Benjamin H Slovis, Jason S Shapiro
BACKGROUND: A health information exchange (HIE)-based prior computed tomography (CT) alerting system may reduce avoidable CT imaging by notifying ordering clinicians of prior relevant studies when a study is ordered. For maximal effectiveness, a system would alert not only for prior same CTs (exams mapped to the same code from an exam name terminology) but also for similar CTs (exams mapped to different exam name terminology codes but in the same anatomic region) and anatomically proximate CTs (exams in adjacent anatomic regions)...
December 14, 2017: JMIR Medical Informatics
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