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Jun Atsuta, Satoki Inoue, Yuu Tanaka, Keiko Abe, Hiroyuki Nakase, Masahiko Kawaguchi
PURPOSE: Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) is a common complication after craniotomy. Vomiting may be a potentially hazardous complication in neurosurgical patients. We compared the efficacy of fosaprepitant and droperidol for the prevention of PONV, vomiting in particular, after craniotomy. METHODS: Patients scheduled to undergo elective craniotomy were enrolled in the study and randomly divided in a double-blind manner into two groups to receive either 150 mg of fosaprepitant (group F) or 1...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Anesthesia
David McD Taylor, Celene Y L Yap, Jonathan C Knott, Simone E Taylor, Georgina A Phillips, Jonathan Karro, Esther W Chan, David C M Kong, David J Castle
STUDY OBJECTIVE: We aim to determine the most efficacious of 3 common medication regimens for the sedation of acutely agitated emergency department (ED) patients. METHODS: We undertook a randomized, controlled, double-blind, triple-dummy, clinical trial in 2 metropolitan EDs between October 2014 and August 2015. Patients aged 18 to 65 years and requiring intravenous medication sedation for acute agitation were enrolled and randomized to an intravenous bolus of midazolam 5 mg-droperidol 5 mg, droperidol 10 mg, or olanzapine 10 mg...
October 10, 2016: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Murray G Tucker, Sebastian Kekulawala, Michelle Kent, Sam Mostafa, Richard Harvey
BACKGROUND: The high prevalence of comorbid illicit drug use in persons with chronic psychotic illness represents a strong determinant of psychotic relapse and rehospitalization. Epidemiological studies indicate changing patterns of illicit drug use in Australia, which are concerning because of increased use of crystal methamphetamine, also known as "ice." An important complication of habitual use of crystal methamphetamine is the development of a dose-dependent acute psychotic reaction...
2016: Journal of Medical Case Reports
Lee-Kien Foo, Stephen B Duffull, Leonie Calver, Jennifer Schneider, Geoffrey K Isbister
BACKGROUND: Intramuscular droperidol is used increasingly for sedation of aggressive and violent patients. This study aimed to characterise the pharmacokinetics of intramuscular droperidol in these patients to determine how rapidly it is absorbed and the expected duration of measurable drug concentrations. METHODS: We undertook a population pharmacokinetic analysis of a subgroup of patients from a clinical trial comparing droperidol and midazolam:17 receiving 5 mg and 24 receiving 10 mg droperidol...
August 16, 2016: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
Geoffrey K Isbister, Nicholas A Buckley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 15, 2016: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
Bao-Xia Fang, Peng Li, Xiao-Ya Shi, Fu-Chao Chen, Lin-Hai Wang
The administration of drugs by patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) is routinely practiced for the management of postoperative pain. It is common for 2 or more drugs to be combined in PCA solutions. The combination of analgesics and antiemetic agents is frequently required. Unfortunately, the compatibility and stability of lornoxicam and antiemetic agents, such as droperidol, ondansetrone, granisetron, and tropisetron, has not been determined. The aim of this study was to evaluate the compatibility and stability of solutions containing lornoxicam with the 4 antiemetic agents in combination for PCA administration...
June 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Shinya Toyonaga, Norihiro Shinozuka, Tamae Dobashi, Nao Iiyori, Tomoko Sudo
BACKGROUND: Intravenous droperidol has strong evidence for antiemetic efficacy in high risk patients for prevention of postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV). However it is not clear whether continuous epidural administration of doroperidol prevent PONV. It has been reported that epidural adrenaline decreases PONV; therefore we prospectively compared the effectiveness of epidural droperidol and adrenaline for prophylaxis of PONV. METHODS: Eighty-six patients were scheduled for abdominal gynecological surgery under general-epidural anesthesia in the study...
May 2016: Masui. the Japanese Journal of Anesthesiology
Hardeep Saluja, Ahmed Mehanna, Riccardo Panicucci, Eman Atef
The purpose of this study is to confirm the impact of polar functional groups on inter and intra-molecular hydrogen bonding in haloperidol (HP) and droperidol (DP) and, hence, their effects on dissolution using a new approach. To confirm our theory, a new molecule: deshydroxy-haloperidol (DHP) was designed and its synthesis was requested from a contract laboratory. The molecule was then studied and compared to DP and HP. Unlike DHP, both the HP and DP molecules have hydrogen donor groups, therefore, DHP was used to confirm the relative effects of the hydrogen donor group on solubility and crystal packing...
2016: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Emily R Pfeiffer, Raquel Vega, Patrick M McDonough, Jeffrey H Price, Ross Whittaker
INTRODUCTION: A priority in the development and approval of new drugs is assessment of cardiovascular risk. Current methodologies for screening compounds (e.g. HERG testing) for proarrhythmic risk lead to many false positive and false negative results, resulting in the attrition of potentially therapeutic compounds in early development, and the advancement of other candidates that cause adverse effects. With improvements in the technologies of high content imaging and human stem cell differentiation, it is now possible to directly screen compounds for arrhythmogenic tendencies in human stem cell derived cardiomyocytes (hSC-CMs)...
September 2016: Journal of Pharmacological and Toxicological Methods
Geoffrey Kennedy Isbister, Leonie A Calver, Michael A Downes, Colin B Page
STUDY OBJECTIVE: We investigate the effectiveness and safety of ketamine to sedate patients with severe acute behavioral disturbance who have failed previous attempts at sedation. METHODS: This was a prospective study of patients given ketamine for sedation who had failed previous sedation attempts. Patients with severe acute behavioral disturbance requiring parenteral sedation were treated with a standardized sedation protocol including droperidol. Demographics, drug dose, observations, and adverse effects were recorded...
May 2016: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Kotoe Kamata, Emi Takahashi, Nobutada Morioka, Keiko Nakashima, Motoyo Iwade, Makoto Ozaki
A patient developed acute dystonia following intravenous administration of metocroplamide 20 mg. A 34-year-old woman underwent right hepatectomy, under general anesthesia managed with desflurane, remifentanil, and rocuronium. At the start of surgery, droperidol 1.5 mg was given intravenously for anti-emetic prophylaxis. Operation was completed uneventfully. Intravenous patient-controlled analgesia (i.v.-PCA) with fentanyl, containing droperidol, was selected for postoperative pain management The patient showed a reasonable postoperative course; however, around 15 hours post-operatively, she complained of nausea, although droperidol 2...
October 2015: Masui. the Japanese Journal of Anesthesiology
Marc L Martel, Lauren R Klein, Robert L Rivard, Jon B Cole
BACKGROUND: Olanzapine is an atypical antipsychotic with similar pharmacologic properties to droperidol. Due to the current droperidol shortage, the authors' clinical practice has been to substitute olanzapine for droperidol in many situations. At this time, olanzapine is U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved for oral and intramuscular (IM) use only, but due to its increased utility, intravenous (IV) olanzapine was recently approved for use in the study emergency department (ED)...
January 2016: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
Anna Lee, Simon K C Chan, Lawrence T Y Fan
BACKGROUND: Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) are common complications following surgery and anaesthesia. Antiemetic drugs are only partially effective in preventing PONV. An alternative approach is to stimulate the PC6 acupoint on the wrist. This is an update of a Cochrane review first published in 2004, updated in 2009 and now in 2015. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effectiveness and safety of PC6 acupoint stimulation with or without antiemetic drug versus sham or antiemetic drug for the prevention of PONV in people undergoing surgery...
2015: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Tomomi Toyoda, Yoshiaki Terao, Makito Oji, Mai Okada, Hiroko Araki, Makoto Fukusaki
BACKGROUND: Droperidol is an effective antiemetic, but its use is limited because of the warning of drug-induced QT prolongation. Some reports showed that low-dose droperidol does not significantly probing QT interval. This study was aimed to determine the effect of low-dose droperidol (1.25 and 2.5 mg) on QTc interval, and the interaction among droperidol, propofol and sevoflurane. METHODS: Patients received either 1.25 mg (group L : n = 25) or 2.5 mg (group H : n = 25) droperidol, and fentanyl (3 μg x kg(-1)) was administered 2...
June 2015: Masui. the Japanese Journal of Anesthesiology
Ashleigh Campillo, Edward Castillo, Gary M Vilke, Austin Hopper, Victoria Ryan, Michael P Wilson
BACKGROUND: Although first-generation antipsychotics (FGAs) have long been used in the emergency department (ED) to treat acute agitation, little is known about how these medications are used in modern clinical practice. In particular, little work has been published about whether ED clinicians administer FGAs with adjunctive medications in accordance with expert guidelines or the prescribing practices of FGAs over time. OBJECTIVES: 1) To provide a comparison of the frequency with which FGAs are administered with adjunctive benzodiazepines or anticholinergic medications...
December 2015: Journal of Emergency Medicine
Kazuo Kamitani, Hitoshi Yoshida, Riho Arai, Hirofumi Oishi, Hisashi Kataoka, Michinori Nasu, Susumu Kato, Jun Usami, Misako Mori
A 22-year-old female with fibromyalgia (FM) was scheduled for tonsillectomy under general anesthesia. Her medication included pregabalin 300 mg x day(-1) and dantrolene 50 mg x day(-1). Anesthesia was maintained with sevoflurane-remifentanil-fentanyl. Intravenous injection of fentanyl 20 μg x hr(-1) and droperidol 100 μg x hr(-1) was continued for 24 hours. On the first postoperative day, she reported that she had slept well and had no pain. There are some perioperative problems in a patient with FM. Therefore, anesthetic managements for a patient with FM is worth reporting...
April 2015: Masui. the Japanese Journal of Anesthesiology
Kazutaka Tanaka, Tamie Takenami, Junko Hari, Haruka Kaneko, Tomoe Fujita, Hirotsugu Okamoto
A 41-year-old woman with concomitant severe obesity, obstructive sleep apnea syndrome, and asthma was scheduled for endoscopic cholecystectomy. She was 165.8 cm tall and weighed 141.2 kg, with BMI of 51.4. We were concerned with difficulty in ventilation and intubation at the time of anesthesia induction and intra- and post-operative ventilatory failure. After sedation with fentanyl and droperidol together with intraoral local anesthesia with lidocaine (Xylocaine Viscous), the intubating laryngeal mask (ILMA) was inserted while awake, and after the confirmation of adequate ventilation, the bronchoscope was inserted into the guide...
April 2015: Masui. the Japanese Journal of Anesthesiology
Qing-an Gong, Man Li
OBJECTIVE: To explore the effect of lappaconitine on patient-controlled intravenous analgesia (PCIA) and serum complement 3 and 4 (C3 and C4) levels of cancer patients undergoing rectum surgery. METHODS: Totally 60 patients, who were scheduled for rectum carcinoma surgery, were recruited to the study and assigned in 3 groups, the blank control group, the tramadol group, and the lappaconitine group, 20 in each group. Lappaconitine (8 mg) was intravenously dripped to patients in the lappaconitine group 30 min before ending the operation...
June 2015: Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Medicine
Fabio Ferreira da Cunha Brião, Marcio Leal Horta, Bernardo Lessa Horta, Guilherme Antônio Moreira de Barros, Ana Paula Behrensdorf, Ingrid Severo, Mariana Antunes Nunes, Roberta Boabaid, André Real
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The prophylactic effect of ondansetron on subarachnoid morphine-induced pruritus is controversial, while evidence suggests that droperidol prevents pruritus. The aim of this study is to compare the effects of droperidol and ondansetron on subarachnoid morphine-induced pruritus. METHODS: 180 ASA I or II patients scheduled to undergo cesarean sections under subarachnoid anesthesia combined with morphine 0.2mg were randomized to receive, after the child's birth, metoclopramide 10mg (Group I - control), droperidol 2...
July 2015: Brazilian Journal of Anesthesiology
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