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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446121/atrophy-of-hip-abductor-muscles-is-related-to-clinical-severity-in-a-hip-osteoarthritis-population
#1
Anita Zacharias, Rodney A Green, Adam Semciw, Daniel J English, Theo Kapakoulakis, Tania Pizzari
INTRODUCTION: Osteoarthritis mainly affects weight-bearing joints such as the hip and knee and is the most common form of arthritis. Greater muscle atrophy with fatty infiltration of gluteal muscles and decreased hip abduction strength has previously been identified with increasing severity of radiological hip OA. However, it is well documented that radiographic findings of OA do not always correlate with clinical severity. The aim of this secondary analysis was to examine whether atrophy and strength of gluteus maximus (GMax), medius (GMed), minimus (GMin), and tensor fascia lata (TFL) is associated with the clinical severity of OA...
February 15, 2018: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423757/comparing-the-validity-and-responsiveness-of-the-eq-5d-5l-to-the-oxford-hip-and-knee-scores-and-sf-12-in-osteoarthritis-patients-1-year-following-total-joint-replacement
#2
Barbara L Conner-Spady, Deborah A Marshall, Eric Bohm, Michael J Dunbar, Tom W Noseworthy
PURPOSE: (1) To assess responsiveness of the EQ-5D-5L compared to Oxford hip and knee scores and the SF-12 in osteoarthritis patients undergoing total hip (THR) or knee (TKR) replacement surgery; (2) to compare distribution and anchor-based methods of assessing responsiveness. METHODS: Questionnaires were mailed to consecutive patients following surgeon referral for primary THR or TKR and 1 year post-surgery. We assessed effect size (ES), standardized response mean (SRM), and standard error of measurement (SEM)...
February 8, 2018: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423250/labral-augmentation-with-ligamentum-capitis-femoris-presentation-of-a-new-technique-and-preliminary-results
#3
Jan Weidner, Michael Wyatt, Martin Beck
Preservation of an intact labrum and reconstruction of a deficient or worn acetabular labrum are accepted techniques in modern hip surgery. If the remaining labrum is very thin, its intact tip can be preserved and its volume restored with a ligamentum teres graft. Technique and preliminary results of this augmentation technique are presented. Labral augmentation was performed in 16 hips (11 rights) in 16 patients (7 males, mean age 29 years) during surgical dislocation for treatment of femoroacetabular impingement...
January 2018: Journal of Hip Preservation Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338761/is-total-femoral-replacement-for-non-oncologic-and-oncologic-indications-a-safe-procedure-in-limb-preservation-surgery-a-single-center-experience-of-22-cases
#4
Andreas Toepfer, Norbert Harrasser, Isabel Petzschner, Florian Pohlig, Ulrich Lenze, Ludger Gerdesmeyer, Ruediger von Eisenhart-Rothe, Heinrich Mühlhofer, Christian Suren
BACKGROUND: Several surgical options for the reconstruction of massive bone defects have been described and include biologic methods with autografts and allografts, and the use of tumor endoprostheses (total femoral replacement, TFR). Several types of modular TFR are available, but nevertheless unpredictable outcomes and high complication rates have been described from most authors. The present study aims to compare results after TFR performed with modular total femur prosthesis MML (Fa...
January 16, 2018: European Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315123/measurement-properties-of-patient-reported-outcome-measures-used-in-patients-undergoing-total-hip-arthroplasty-a-systematic-review
#5
Joel J Gagnier, Hsiaomin Huang, Megan Mullins, Danica Marinac-Dabić, Anna Ghambaryan, Benjamin Eloff, Faisal Mirza, Manuel Bayona
BACKGROUND: Many patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) have been developed to evaluate patient conditions before and after total hip arthroplasty. Also, many studies have been conducted to evaluate and compare the qualities of these instruments. Previously published reports suggest that most of these studies have poor methodology. Recently, 2 sets of criteria were developed for guiding and assessing the methodological and psychometric quality of these PROMs. We reviewed PROMs for total hip arthroplasty patients and appraised the methodological quality and psychometric evidence of evaluations of each identified instrument...
January 9, 2018: JBJS Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310917/mid-term-results-of-graft-augmentation-prosthesis-ii-cage-and-impacted-allograft-bone-in-revision-hip-arthroplasty
#6
Hazem A H Hosny, Ahmed El-Bakoury, Helmy Fekry, Jonathan Keenan
BACKGROUND: Several techniques have been described for management of severe acetabular bone defects during revision hip surgery including reconstructive cages. The purpose of this study is to analyze the survival and the mid-term clinical and radiological outcome using the Graft Augmentation Prosthesis (GAP II cage) (Stryker Orthopaedics, Mahwah, NJ) in addition to impaction grafting for acetabular defects in revision hip surgery. METHODS: This is a retrospective review of all patients who underwent acetabular revision hip replacement using GAP II cage and impaction bone grafting between 2009 and 2013 at our institution...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310681/comparison-of-outcome-measures-and-complication-rates-following-three-different-approaches-for-primary-total-hip-arthroplasty-a-pragmatic-randomised-controlled-trial
#7
Adrian J Talia, Cassandra Coetzee, Oren Tirosh, Phong Tran
BACKGROUND: Total hip arthroplasty is one of the most commonly performed surgical procedures worldwide. There are a number of surgical approaches for total hip arthroplasty and no high-level evidence supporting one approach over the other. Each approach has its unique benefits and drawbacks. This trial aims to directly compare the three most common surgical approaches for total hip arthroplasty. METHODS/DESIGN: This is a single-centre study conducted at Western Health, Melbourne, Australia; a large metropolitan centre...
January 8, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307032/cross-cultural-adaptation-and-validation-of-a-patient-reported-hip-outcome-score
#8
Horia Haragus, Radu Prejbeanu, Dan V Poenaru, Bogdan Deleanu, Bogdan Timar, Dinu Vermesan
PURPOSE: We aimed to perform psychometric testing for the translated Oxford Hip Score (OHS) for use as a recommended tool to measure treatment outcomes. METHODS: The original English questionnaire was translated and culturally validated using the instrument developer's guidelines and the ISPOR principles of good practice. One hundred patients completed the form together with the Harris Hip Score (HHS) and EQ-5D-5 L. Fifty patients repeated the form after two days...
January 6, 2018: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277514/hip-resurfacing-before-50-years-of-age-a-prospective-study-of-979-hips-with-a-mean-follow-up-of-5-1-years
#9
J Girard, A Lons, N Ramdane, S Putman
BACKGROUND: Hip resurfacing arthroplasty (HRA) is an alternative to total hip arthroplasty (THA) for the treatment of hip osteoarthritis in patients younger than 50 years. Data on revision rates after HRA are conflicting. The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) recommends performing only those hip arthroplasty procedures associated with 10-year revision rates no greater than 5% (0.5% per year). Follow-up studies can rapidly determine whether this criterion is met...
December 22, 2017: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276121/a-randomized-seven-year-study-on-performance-of-the-stemmed-metal-m2a-magnum-and-ceramic-c2a-taper-and-the-resurfacing-recap-hip-implants
#10
Arne Borgwardt, Lotte Borgwardt, Bo Zerahn, Henrik Daugaard, Lise Borgwardt, Søren Ribel-Madsen
BACKGROUND: The large-diameter metal-on-metal hip prostheses were expected to have low wear and reduced dislocation rate compared to the traditional metal-on-polyethylene implants. We compare 2 such prostheses, the ReCap resurfacing implant and the M2a-Magnum stemmed implant, with the C2a ceramic-on-ceramic stemmed implant as to clinical performance, serum concentrations of prosthesis metals, and the durability of the implants in a randomized, controlled clinical trial at 7 years of follow-up...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258762/the-joint-clinic-managing-excess-demand-for-hip-and-knee-osteoarthritis-referrals-using-a-new-physiotherapy-led-outpatient%C3%A2-service
#11
David P Gwynne-Jones, Liam R Hutton, Kirsten M Stout, J Haxby Abbott
BACKGROUND: There are increasing problems with access to both outpatient assessment and joint replacement surgery for patients with hip or knee osteoarthritis. METHODS: Data were collected on all patients seen at the Joint Clinic over a 2-year period with minimum 12-month follow-up. Patients were assessed by a nurse and a physiotherapist, baseline scores and demographic details collected, and an individualized personal care plan developed. Patients could be referred for a first specialist assessment (FSA) if their severity justified surgical assessment...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221839/cementless-one-stage-revision-in-chronic-periprosthetic-hip-joint-infection-ninety-one-percent-infection-free-survival-in-56-patients-at-minimum-2-year-follow-up
#12
Jeppe Lange, Anders Troelsen, Søren Solgaard, Kristian S Otte, Niels K Jensen, Kjeld Søballe
BACKGROUND: Cementless 1-stage revision in chronic periprosthetic hip joint infections is limited evaluated. The purpose of this study was to evaluate a specific treatment protocol in this patient group. METHODS: The study was performed as a multicenter, proof-of-concept, observational study with prospective data collection. Patients were treated with a cementless 1-stage revision according to the CORIHA protocol between 2009 and 2014. Fifty-six patients, McPherson type III-A/B-1/2, were enrolled with a mean follow-up time from the CORIHA procedure of 4 years (minimum of 2 years)...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218685/patient-reported-quality-of-life-and-hip-function-after-2-stage-revision-of-chronic-periprosthetic-hip-joint-infection-a-cross-sectional-study
#13
Ninna R Poulsen, Inger Mechlenburg, Kjeld Søballe, Jeppe Lange
INTRODUCTION: Very limited information is available regarding patient-reported health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and hip function following treatment for chronic periprosthetic hip joint infection (PJI). Patient-reported outcome measures provide essential information to clinicians of the impact a treatment have on patient's lives. The purpose of this study was to examine patient reported HRQoL and hip function after a completed re-implantation in a 2-stage revision. METHOD: 82 patients were identified retrospectively in the National Patient Register...
December 4, 2017: Hip International: the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Research on Hip Pathology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172934/early-osteoarthritis-after-slipped-capital-femoral-epiphysis
#14
Lukas Helgesson, Peter Kälebo Johansson, Ylva Aurell, Carl-Johan Tiderius, Johan Kärrholm, Jacques Riad
Background and purpose - Slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE) results in a more or less pronounced deformity of the proximal femur, sometimes causing impingement and early osteoarthritis. We studied early osteoarthritis after SCFE and the association with deformity and self-reported hip function, pain, and quality of life. Patients and methods - 9 women and 16 men, mean age 32 (21-50) years, 19 with unilateral and 6 with bilateral SCFE, participated. All patients had primarily been operated by pin or screw with no attempt at reposition of the slip...
November 27, 2017: Acta Orthopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151596/comparison-of-regional-fat-measurements-by-dual-energy-x-ray-absorptiometry-and-conventional-anthropometry-and-their-association-with-markers-of-diabetes-and-cardiovascular-disease-risk
#15
S K Vasan, C Osmond, D Canoy, C Christodoulides, M J Neville, C Di Gravio, C H D Fall, F Karpe
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Fat distribution is a strong and independent predictor of type 2 diabetes (T2D) and cardiovascular disease (CVD) and is usually determined using conventional anthropometry in epidemiological studies. Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) can measure total and regional adiposity more accurately. Nonetheless, whether DXA provides more precise estimates of cardiovascular risk in relation to total and regional adiposity is not known. We determined the strength of the associations between DXA- and conventional anthropometry determined fat distribution and T2D and CVD risk...
November 20, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107499/clinical-outcome-of-massive-endoprostheses-used-for-managing-periprosthetic-joint-infections-of-the-hip-and-knee
#16
Abtin Alvand, George Grammatopoulos, Floris de Vos, Matthew Scarborough, Ben Kendrick, Andrew Price, Roger Gundle, Duncan Whitwell, William Jackson, Adrian Taylor, Christopher L M H Gibbons
BACKGROUND: Endoprosthetic replacement (EPR) is an option for management of massive bone loss resulting from infection around failed lower limb implants. The aim of this study is to determine the mid-term outcome of EPRs performed in the treatment of periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) and infected failed osteosyntheses around the hip and knee joint and identify factors that influence it. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed all hip and knee EPRs performed between 2007 and 2014 for the management of chronic infection following complex arthroplasty or fracture fixation...
October 5, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107497/r3-cup-does-not-have-a-high-failure-rate-in-conventional-bearings-a-minimum-of-5-year-follow-up
#17
Kar H Teoh, Robert D J Whitham, David M Golding, Jenny F Wong, Paul Y F Lee, Aled R Evans
BACKGROUND: The R3 cementless acetabular system was first marketed in Australia and Europe in 2007. Previous papers have shown high failure rates of the R3 cup with up to 24% with metal-on-metal bearing. There are currently no medium term clinical results on this cup. The aim of the study is to review our results of the R3 acetabular cup with conventional bearings with a minimum of 5-year follow-up. METHODS: Patients who were implanted with the R3 acetabular cup were identified from our center's arthroplasty database...
October 7, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102074/long-term-survival-of-total-hip-arthroplasty-using-implants-from-different-manufacturers
#18
James W Taylor, Chris Frampton, Alastair G Rothwell
BACKGROUND: Total hip arthroplasty (THA) can be performed using either femoral and acetabular components provided by the same manufacturer (matched components) or components from different manufacturers (unmatched components). We hypothesized that there would be no difference in outcomes following the use of unmatched compared to matched components. METHODS: Data from a nationwide joint registry, the New Zealand Joint Registry (NZJR), were analyzed to assess long-term outcomes of using unmatched implants in THA...
October 5, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096686/vaso-vitamin-d-and-arthroplasty-surgery-outcomes-study-supplementation-of-vitamin-d-deficiency-to-improve-outcomes-after-total-hip-or-knee-replacement-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-feasibility-trial
#19
Rory J M Morrison, Deborah Bunn, William K Gray, Paul N Baker, Craig White, Amar Rangan, Kenneth S Rankin, Mike R Reed
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D deficiency has been linked to poor outcomes after total hip replacement (THR) or total knee replacement (TKR), including lower patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs), peri-prosthetic infection and longer hospital stay. We present a randomised feasibility trial protocol designed to prospectively investigate the influence of vitamin D testing, and subsequent supplementation for deficiency, prior to THR/TKR. METHODS/DESIGN: One hundred adult patients undergoing primary THR/TKR for osteoarthritis at two NHS hospital trusts in North East England will be recruited...
November 2, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092983/the-rim-cutter-does-not-show-an-advantage-over-modern-cementing-techniques-a-five-year-radiological-and-clinical-follow-up-of-the-rim-cutter-used-with-flanged-acetabular-components
#20
COMPARATIVE STUDY
P J T S vanWinterswijk, S L Whitehouse, A J Timperley, M J W Hubble, J R Howell, M J Wilson
AIMS: We report the incidence of radiolucent lines (RLLs) using two flanged acetabular components at total hip arthroplasty (THA) and the effect of the Rim Cutter. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of 300 hips in 292 patients who underwent primary cemented THA. A contemporary flanged acetabular component was used with (group 1) and without (group 2) the use of the Rim Cutter and the Rimfit acetabular component was used with the Rim Cutter (group 3)...
November 2017: Bone & Joint Journal
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