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Oxford hip score

Sujith Konan, Clive P Duncan, Bassam A Masri, Donald S Garbuz
BACKGROUND: Revision hip arthroplasty for metal-on-metal arthroplasty (MOMA) in the presence of an adverse local tissue reaction (ALTR) has been associated with compromised outcomes. We hypothesized that revision of MOMA for painful micromotion of the cup, in the absence of ALTR, would have a more favorable outcome. METHODS: We reviewed our database for Durom acetabular shell revision with minimum 24 months (24 months to 8 years) follow-up. Patients with a diagnosis of painful micromotion in the absence of pseudotumor was identified...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Arthroplasty
Ashok S Gavaskar, Hitesh Gopalan, Bhupesh Karthik, Parthasarathy Srinivasan, Naveen C Tummala
BACKGROUND: Total hip arthroplasty (THA) provides a successful salvage option for failed acetabular fractures. The complexity of arthroplasty for a failed acetabular fracture will depend on the fracture pattern and the initial management of the fracture. Our objective was to compare the midterm outcome of THA between patients who presented with failed acetabular fractures following initial surgical or nonsurgical treatment. METHODS: Forty-seven patients underwent cementless THA ± acetabular reconstruction following failed treatment of acetabular fractures...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Arthroplasty
Jay R Ebert, Theertha Retheesh, Rinky Mutreja, Gregory C Janes
BACKGROUND: Hip abductor tendon (HAT) tearing is commonly implicated in greater trochanteric pain syndrome (GTPS), though limited information exists on the disability associated with this condition and specific presentation of these patients. PURPOSE: To describe the clinical, functional and biomechanical presentation of patients with symptomatic HAT tears. Secondary purposes were to investigate the association between these clinical and functional measures, and to compare the pain and disability reported by HAT tear patients to those with end-stage hip osteoarthritis (OA)...
October 2016: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
Robert P Lamberts, Marlette Burger, Jacques du Toit, Nelleke G Langerak
BACKGROUND: Three-dimensional gait analysis (3DGA) is commonly used to assess the effect of orthopedic single-event multilevel surgery (SEMLS) in children with spastic cerebral palsy (CP). PURPOSE: The purpose of this systematic review is to provide an overview of different orthopedic SEMLS interventions and their effects on 3DGA parameters in children with spastic CP. METHODS: A comprehensive literature search within six databases revealed 648 records, from which 89 articles were selected for the full-text review and 24 articles (50 studies) included for systematic review...
2016: PloS One
Kathryn Gill, Sarah L Whitehouse, Matthew J W Hubble, Matthew J Wilson
BACKGROUND: Dislocation following primary total hip arthroplasty (THA) is a complication with an incidence of 2%-5%. This study examines the clinical and radiological outcome of a constrained acetabular implant used in primary THA in high-risk patients to prevent dislocation. METHODS: 54 patients with 55 constrained implants for primary THA were reviewed clinically and radiologically. Oxford, Harris Hip and Charlson scores were recorded. RESULTS: 54 patients, with an average age of 83...
October 8, 2016: Hip International: the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Research on Hip Pathology and Therapy
Patrick G Robinson, Ian Anthony, Sudeep Kumar, Bryn Jones, Andrew Stark, Roland Ingram
INTRODUCTION: A comparison of noise in ceramic-on-ceramic (CoC) bearings and metal-on-polyethylene (MoP) bearings after total hip arthroplasty (THA) was undertaken. Noise associated with MoP implants is rarely reported and has not been linked to squeaking. METHODS: A noise characterising hip questionnaire and Oxford Hip Score (OHS) was sent to 1,000 THA patients; there were 509 respondents 282 CoC and 227 MoP; mean age 63.7 years (range 45-92 years), mean follow up 33 months (range 6-156 months)...
September 29, 2016: Hip International: the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Research on Hip Pathology and Therapy
Ahmed El-Bakoury, Hazem Hosny, Mark Williams, Jonathan Keenan, Rathan Yarlagadda
BACKGROUND: Periprosthetic fracture following total hip arthroplasty is a significant problem faced by hip surgeons, and its management in elderly patients remains a considerable challenge. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 28 Vancouver B2 and B3 periprosthetic femoral fractures (PFF) treated with revision of the femoral stems by distally locked, hydroxyapatite-coated uncemented stems (Cannulok). Patients were aged 75 years or older at the time of surgery. RESULTS: The mean follow-up was 44...
August 12, 2016: Journal of Arthroplasty
Tze E Cheng, Jason A Wallis, Nicholas F Taylor, Chris T Holden, Paul Marks, Catherine L Smith, Michael S Armstrong, Parminder J Singh
BACKGROUND: We report a prospective randomized study comparing early clinical results between the direct anterior approach (DAA) and posterior approach (PA) in primary hip arthroplasty. METHODS: Surgeries were performed by 2 senior hip arthroplasty surgeons. Seventy-two patients with complete data were assessed preoperatively 2, 6, and 12 weeks postoperatively. The primary outcomes were the Western Ontario McMasters Arthritis Index and Oxford Hip Scores. Secondary outcome measures included the EuroQoL, 10-meter walk test, and clinical and radiographic parameters...
August 31, 2016: Journal of Arthroplasty
Nemandra A Sandiford, Donald S Garbuz, Bassam A Masri, Clive P Duncan
BACKGROUND: The ideal femoral component for revision THA is undecided. Cylindrical nonmodular stems have been associated with stress shielding, whereas junctional fractures have been reported with tapered fluted modular titanium stems. We have used a tapered fluted nonmodular titanium femoral component (Wagner Self-locking [SL] femoral stem) to mitigate this risk. This component has been used extensively in Europe by its designer surgeons, but to our knowledge, it has not been studied in North America...
September 26, 2016: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
Tim Benson, Dan H Williams, Henry W W Potts
BACKGROUND: We aimed to compare the performance of EQ-5D-3 L and howRu, which are short generic patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs), in assessing the outcome of hip and knee replacements, using the Oxford Hip Score (OHS) and the Oxford Knee Scores (OKS) for comparison. METHODS: Outcome was assessed as the difference between pre-surgery and 6-month post-surgery scores. We used a large sample from the NHS PROMs database, which used EQ-5D-3 L, and a small cohort of patients having the same operations collected by MyClinicalOutcomes (MCO), which used howRu...
2016: BMC Health Services Research
D Thomas, P Knight, K White, M M Mencia
Objective: The number of patients requiring arthroplasty increases annually. Joint replacement surgery can improve a patient's (QOL) quality of life. The effectiveness of this care from a patient's own perspective assessed by patient reported outcome measures is just as important as the clinical measures. The aim of our study was to evaluate patients' satisfaction following total joint replacement procedures. Methods: A cross-sectional study was performed in a major regional hospital, (Port-of-Spain General Hospital, Trinidad)...
March 1, 2016: West Indian Medical Journal
Gulraj S Matharu, Andrew Judge, David W Murray, Hemant G Pandit
BACKGROUND: Most metal-on-metal hip resurfacing (MoMHR) designs have experienced high short-term failure rates because of pseudotumors. The impact of this complication into the second decade after the procedure is unknown. We investigated (1) the prevalence of, and risk factors for, all-cause and pseudotumor-related revision at up to 15 years following MoMHR and (2) whether risk factors were sex-specific. METHODS: This single-center prospective cohort study included 1,429 MoMHRs (1216 patients; 40% female) implanted between 1999 and 2009...
September 7, 2016: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
Thomas W Wainwright, Tikki Immins, Robert G Middleton
Osteoarthritis of the hip is associated with pain, stiffness and limitations to activities of daily living. The aims of this quality improvement project were to introduce a service developed to promote the self-management of hip osteoarthritis through exercise and education and to assess the impact of the programme on pain, function and quality of life. The service was a six-week cycling and education programme and 119 participants took part. Statistically significant improvements were found for Oxford Hip Scores (Mean (SD) change 4...
February 23, 2016: International Journal of Orthopaedic and Trauma Nursing
Kristina Harris, Jill Dawson, Elizabeth Gibbons, Chris R Lim, David J Beard, Raymond Fitzpatrick, Andrew J Price
OBJECTIVES: To identify patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) that have been developed and/or used with patients undergoing hip or knee replacement surgery and to provide a shortlist of the most promising generic and condition-specific instruments. METHODS: A systematic review of the literature was performed to identify measures used in patients undergoing hip and knee replacement and extract and evaluate information on their methodological quality. RESULTS: Thirty-two shortlisted measures were reviewed for the quality of their measurement properties...
2016: Patient related Outcome Measures
Ramsey Chammaa, Ofir Uri, Simon Lambert
BACKGROUND: Total shoulder arthroplasty for end-stage glenohumeral arthritis with severe glenoid bone loss poses a unique challenge for shoulder surgeons. Current surgical solutions are limited and associated with high complication rates. We hypothesized that a custom-made computer-aided design-computer-aided manufacturing (CAD-CAM) total shoulder replacement (TSR; Stanmore Implants Worldwide, Elstree, UK) resembling a total hip prosthesis could offer a reliable alternative for this challenging subset of patients...
August 10, 2016: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
Jonathan C Hill, Sujin Kang, Elena Benedetto, Helen Myers, Steven Blackburn, Stephanie Smith, Kate M Dunn, Elaine Hay, Jonathan Rees, David Beard, Sion Glyn-Jones, Karen Barker, Benjamin Ellis, Ray Fitzpatrick, Andrew Price
OBJECTIVES: Current musculoskeletal outcome tools are fragmented across different healthcare settings and conditions. Our objectives were to develop and validate a single musculoskeletal outcome measure for use throughout the pathway and patients with different musculoskeletal conditions: the Arthritis Research UK Musculoskeletal Health Questionnaire (MSK-HQ). SETTING: A consensus workshop with stakeholders from across the musculoskeletal community, workshops and individual interviews with a broad mix of musculoskeletal patients identified and prioritised outcomes for MSK-HQ inclusion...
2016: BMJ Open
N D Clement, R S Patrick-Patel, D MacDonald, S J Breusch
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to assess the independent effect of radiographic measures of implant position, relative to pre-operative anatomical assessment, on the functional outcome of total hip arthroplasty according to change in the Oxford hip score (OHS) 1 year post surgery. METHODS: A prospective cohort study was preformed to assess whether improvement in functional outcome (change in OHS at 1 year) and the relationship with femoral offset and length, and acetabular offset and height...
September 2016: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
Anne-Marie Hill, Gail Ross-Adjie, Steven M McPhail, Leanne Monterosso, Max Bulsara, Christopher Etherton-Beer, Sarah-Jayne Powell, Gerard Hardisty
INTRODUCTION: The number of major joint replacement procedures continues to increase in Australia. The primary aim of this study is to determine the incidence of falls in the first 12 months after discharge from hospital in a cohort of older patients who undergo elective total hip or total knee replacement. METHODS AND ANALYSES: A prospective longitudinal observational cohort study starting in July 2015, enrolling patients aged ≥60 years who are admitted for elective major joint replacement (n=267 total hip replacement, n=267 total knee replacement) and are to be discharged to the community...
2016: BMJ Open
James Drummond, Camdon Fary, Phong Tran
INTRODUCTION: Greater trochanteric pain syndrome (GTPS), previously referred as trochanteric bursitis, is a debilitating condition characterised by chronic lateral hip pain. The syndrome is thought to relate to gluteal tendinopathy, with most cases responding to non-operative treatment. A number of open and endoscopic surgical techniques targeting the iliotibial band, trochanteric bursa and gluteal tendons have, however, been described for severe recalcitrant cases. We report the outcomes of one such endoscopic approach here...
July 12, 2016: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
Thomas J Wood, Patrick Thornley, Danielle Petruccelli, Conrad Kabali, Mitch Winemaker, Justin de Beer
BACKGROUND: The relationship between pain catastrophizing and emotional disorders including anxiety and depression in osteoarthritic patients undergoing total joint arthroplasty (TJA) is an emerging area of study. The purpose of this study was to examine the association of these factors with preoperative patient characteristics. METHODS: A prospective cohort study of preoperative TJA patients using the Pain Catastrophizing Scale (PCS) and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS-A/HADS-D) was conducted...
June 3, 2016: Journal of Arthroplasty
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