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Progressive resistance training

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783064/aerobic-resistance-or-combined-training-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-exercise-to-reduce-cardiovascular-risk-in-adults-with-metabolic-syndrome
#1
Michael A Wewege, Jeanette M Thom, Kerry-Anne Rye, Belinda J Parmenter
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Exercise is beneficial to individuals with metabolic syndrome (MetS). An understudied group, who represent the majority of the MetS population, are individuals who have not developed diabetes. This review examined aerobic, resistance and combined (aerobic + resistance) exercise for cardiovascular risk factors in MetS without diabetes. METHODS: Eight electronic databases were searched up to September 2017 for randomised controlled trials >4 weeks in duration that compared an exercise intervention to the non-exercise control in MetS without diabetes...
May 3, 2018: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771966/the-effect-of-chronic-progressive-dose-sodium-bicarbonate-ingestion-on-crossfit-like-performance-a-double-blind-randomized-cross-over-trial
#2
Krzysztof Durkalec-Michalski, Emilia E Zawieja, Tomasz Podgórski, Igor Łoniewski, Bogna E Zawieja, Marta Warzybok, Jan Jeszka
BACKGROUND: Sodium bicarbonate (SB) has been proposed as an ergogenic aid, as it improves high-intensity and resistance exercise performance. However, no studies have yet investigated SB application in CrossFit. This study examined the effects of chronic, progressive-dose SB ingestion on CrossFit-like performance and aerobic capacity. METHODS: In a randomized, double-blind, cross-over trial, 21 CrossFit-trained participants were randomly allocated to 2 groups and underwent 2 trials separated by a 14-day washout period...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764892/intense-exercise-for-survival-among-men-with-metastatic-castrate-resistant-prostate-cancer-interval-gap4-a-multicentre-randomised-controlled-phase-iii-study-protocol
#3
Robert U Newton, Stacey A Kenfield, Nicolas H Hart, June M Chan, Kerry S Courneya, James Catto, Stephen P Finn, Rosemary Greenwood, Daniel C Hughes, Lorelei Mucci, Stephen R Plymate, Stephan F E Praet, Emer M Guinan, Erin L Van Blarigan, Orla Casey, Mark Buzza, Sam Gledhill, Li Zhang, Daniel A Galvão, Charles J Ryan, Fred Saad
INTRODUCTION: Preliminary evidence supports the beneficial role of physical activity on prostate cancer outcomes. This phase III randomised controlled trial (RCT) is designed to determine if supervised high-intensity aerobic and resistance exercise increases overall survival (OS) in patients with metastatic castrate-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC). METHODS AND ANALYSIS: Participants (n=866) must have histologically documented metastatic prostate cancer with evidence of progressive disease on androgen deprivation therapy (defined as mCRPC)...
May 14, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756459/the-effects-of-respiratory-muscle-training-on-peak-cough-flow-in-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease-a-randomized-controlled-study
#4
Alvaro Reyes, Adrián Castillo, Javiera Castillo, Isabel Cornejo
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of an inspiratory versus and expiratory muscle-training program on voluntary and reflex peak cough flow in patients with Parkinson disease. DESIGN: A randomized controlled study. SETTING: Home-based training program. PARTICIPANTS: In all, 40 participants with diagnosis of Parkinson's disease were initially recruited in the study and randomly allocated to three study groups. Of them, 31 participants completed the study protocol (control group, n = 10; inspiratory training group, n = 11; and expiratory training group, n = 10) Intervention: The inspiratory and expiratory group performed a home-based inspiratory and expiratory muscle-training program, respectively (five sets of five repetitions)...
May 1, 2018: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740641/resistance-training-in-addition-to-multidisciplinary-rehabilitation-for-patients-with-chronic-pain-in-the-low-back-study-protocol
#5
Vegard Moe Iversen, Ottar Vasseljen, Paul Jarle Mork, Ida Reitan Berthelsen, Janne-Birgitte Bloch Børke, Gro Falkener Berheussen, Anne Therese Tveter, Øyvind Salvesen, Marius Steiro Fimland
Introduction: Chronic low back pain (LBP) is a major health problem worldwide. Multidisciplinary rehabilitation and exercise is recommended for the management of chronic LBP. However, there is a need to investigate effective exercise interventions that is available in clinics and as home-based training on a large scale. This article presents the design and rationale of the first randomized clinical trial investigating the effects of progressive resistance training with elastic bands in addition to multidisciplinary rehabilitation for patients with moderate to severe chronic LBP...
June 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738405/effect-of-exercise-on-cognition-conditioning-muscle-endurance-and-balance-in-older-adults-with-mild-cognitive-impairment-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Chandra da Silveira Langoni, Thais de Lima Resende, Andressa Bombardi Barcellos, Betina Cecchele, Mateus Soares Knob, Tatiane do Nascimento Silva, Juliana Nunes da Rosa, Tamiris de Souza Diogo, Irenio Gomes da Silva Filho, Carla Helena Augustin Schwanke
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) may be a precursor to dementia; however, its progression may be prevented or slowed with exercise. This study aimed at determining the effects of group aerobic and strength training on cognition, conditioning, muscle endurance, and balance in underprivileged community-dwelling older adults with MCI. METHODS: This was a single-blind, randomized, and matched-pair controlled (gender, age, body mass index, and Addenbrooke's Cognitive Examination-Revised for MCI diagnosis) clinical trial...
May 4, 2018: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722252/creatine-monohydrate-supplementation-during-eight-weeks-of-progressive-resistance-training-increases-strength-in-as-little-as-two-weeks-without-reducing-markers-of-muscle-damage
#7
Mojtaba Kaviani, Aboozar Abassi, Philip D Chilibeck
BACKGROUND: Creatine supplementation (Cr) increases strength during resistance training, but the time course of this strength increase is unclear. The aim was to determine the precise time course by which Cr could increase strength and whether Cr prevents muscle damage during eight weeks of resistance training. METHODS: Young males were randomized (double blind) to Cr (n=9, 0.07g/kg/d) and placebo (n=9) during 8-weeks of resistance training (3d/week). Strength was assessed across six exercises every two weeks...
May 2, 2018: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718968/acute-attenuation-of-fatigue-after-sodium-bicarbonate-supplementation-does-not-manifest-into-greater-training-adaptations-after-10-weeks-of-resistance-training-exercise
#8
Jason C Siegler, Paul W M Marshall, Harrison Finn, Rebecca Cross, Kurt Mudie
PURPOSE: In two concurrent studies, we aimed to a) confirm the acute effect of 0.3 g·kg-1 body weight (BW) sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO3) supplementation on central and peripheral mechanisms associated with explosive power (Study 1) and b) determine whether chronic NaHCO3 supplementation would improve the adaptive response of the neuromuscular system during a 10-week resistance training program (Study 2). METHODS: Eight resistance trained participants volunteered after providing written consent...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704921/assistive-technologies-to-overcome-sarcopenia-in-ageing
#9
REVIEW
Rachel A Scott, Michele L Callisaya, Gustavo Duque, Peter R Ebeling, David Scott
Sarcopenia is an age-related decline in skeletal muscle mass and function that results in disability and loss of independence. It affects up to 30% of older adults. Exercise (particularly progressive resistance training) and nutrition are key strategies in preventing and reversing declines in muscle mass, strength and power during ageing, but many sarcopenic older adults fail to meet recommended levels of both physical activity and dietary nutrient intake. Assistive technology (AT) describes devices or systems used to maintain or improve physical functioning...
June 2018: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29699892/primary-mutational-landscape-linked-with-pre-docetaxel-lactate-dehydrogenase-levels-predicts-docetaxel-response-in-metastatic-castrate-resistant-prostate-cancer
#10
Kenneth Hiew, Claire A Hart, Adnan Ali, Tony Elliott, Vijay Ramani, Vijay Sangar, Maurice Lau, Satish Maddineni, Mick Brown, Noel Clarke
BACKGROUND: Docetaxel chemotherapy is a standard of care for metastatic castrate-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC): 40-50% of patients achieve a biochemical response. However, there is a lack of response predictive biomarkers. OBJECTIVE: To assess lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) as a docetaxel response biomarker in mCRPC and to examine the association of LDH with genomic alterations in primary diagnostic biopsies. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Clinical and associated primary tumour-targeted next-generation sequencing data from matched training (n=150) and test (n=120) cohorts of progressive mCRPC patients receiving docetaxel therapy were analysed...
April 23, 2018: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697494/progression-of-exercise-training-in-early-outpatient-cardiac-rehabilitation-an-official-statement-from-the-american-association-of-cardiovascular-and-pulmonary-rehabilitation
#11
Ray W Squires, Leonard A Kaminsky, John P Porcari, Jeanne E Ruff, Patrick D Savage, Mark A Williams
Aerobic and resistance exercise training is a cornerstone of early outpatient cardiac rehabilitation (CR) and provides impressive benefits for patients. The components of the exercise prescription for patients with cardiovascular diseases are provided in guideline documents from several professional organizations and include frequency (how many sessions per week); intensity (how hard to exercise); time (duration of the exercise training session); type (modalities of exercise training); volume (the total amount or dose of exercise); and progression (the rate of increasing the dose of exercise)...
May 2018: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687959/aerobic-exercise-training-enhances-cerebrovascular-pulsatility-response-to-acute-aerobic-exercise-in-older-adults
#12
Nobuhiko Akazawa, Koichiro Tanahashi, Keisei Kosaki, Song-Gyu Ra, Tomoko Matsubara, Youngju Choi, Asako Zempo-Miyaki, Seiji Maeda
The brain's low resistance ensures a robust blood flow throughout systole and diastole and is susceptible to flow pulsatility. Increased cerebral pulsatility contributes to the progression of cerebrovascular disease. Although aerobic exercise affects vascular function, little is known about the effect of exercise on the cerebral pulsatility index in older adults. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of exercise training on the post-exercise cerebral pulsatility response in older adults. Ten healthy older adults participated in a 12-week exercise training intervention...
April 2018: Physiological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686818/effects-of-combined-endurance-and-resistance-training-in-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-study
#13
Antonio Merico, Marianna Cavinato, Caterina Gregorio, Alessandra Lacatena, Elisabetta Gioia, Francesco Piccione, Corrado Angelini
Based on available evidence, muscle strengthening and cardiovascular exercises can help maintain function and not adversely affect the progression of disease in patients with ALS. However, this evidence is not sufficiently detailed to recommend a specific exercise prescription. The purpose of this project was to assess clinical outcomes of a combined exercise programme to increase knowledge of rehabilitation in ALS patients. 38 ALS patients were assigned randomly to two groups: one group underwent a specific exercise programme (ALS-EP) based on a moderate aerobic workout and isometric contractions, and the second group followed a standard neuromotor rehabilitation treatment...
January 12, 2018: European Journal of Translational Myology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683979/lifestyle-interventions-for-patients-with-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-a-network-meta-analysis
#14
Tian-Tian Zou, Chao Zhang, Yi-Fan Zhou, Yi-Jing Han, Jiao-Jiao Xiong, Xi-Xi Wu, Yong-Ping Chen, Ming-Hua Zheng
Lifestyle interventions remain the first-line therapy for nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). This study aims to evaluate the individual impact of exercise and/or dietary interventions on the level of alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), homeostasis model of assessment for insulin resistance index (HOMA-IR), and BMI. Randomized-controlled trials from patients diagnosed with NAFLD were included in the meta-analysis if they reported the associations between changes in ALT, AST, HOMA-IR, or BMI and types of lifestyle interventions...
April 20, 2018: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679660/effects-of-aerobic-training-resistance-training-or-both-on-brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor-in-adolescents-with-obesity-the-hearty-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Gary S Goldfield, Glen P Kenny, Denis Prud'Homme, Martin Holcik, Angela S Alberga, Margaret Fahnestock, Jameason D Cameron, Steve Doucette, Stasia Hadjiyannakis, Heather Tulloch, Mark S Tremblay, Jeremy Walsh, Eva Guerin, Katie E Gunnell, Amedeo D'Angiulli, Ronald J Sigal
Brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is a protein that plays a critical role in modulating cognition in animals and humans. Aerobic exercise often increases BDNF in adults, but effects of this exercise modality and others among adolescents remain uncertain. This study examined the effects of aerobic training, resistance training, and combined training on resting serum BDNF levels in adolescents with overweight and obesity. After a 4-week pre-randomization treatment, 304 post-pubertal, adolescents with overweight or obesity (70% females) aged 14-18 years were randomized to one of four groups for 22 weeks: aerobic training (N = 75), resistance training (N = 78), combined aerobic and resistance training (N = 75), or non-exercising control (N = 76)...
April 18, 2018: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678994/can-exercise-delay-transition-to-active-therapy-in-men-with-low-grade-prostate-cancer-a-multicentre-randomised-controlled-trial
#16
Daniel A Galvão, Dickon Hayne, Mark Frydenberg, Suzanne K Chambers, Dennis R Taaffe, Nigel Spry, Paul A Scuffham, Robert S Ware, Nicolas H Hart, Robert U Newton
INTRODUCTION: Active surveillance is a strategy for managing low-risk, localised prostate cancer, where men are observed with serial prostate-specific antigen assessments to identify signs of disease progression. Currently, there are no strategies to support active surveillance compliance nor are there interventions that can prevent or slow disease progression, ultimately delaying transition to active treatment before it is clinically required. Recently, we proposed that exercise may have a therapeutic potential in delaying the need for active treatment in men on active surveillance...
April 20, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673832/effects-of-physical-training-with-the-nintendo-wii-fit-plus-%C3%A2-and-protein-supplementation-on-musculoskeletal-function-and-the-risk-of-falls-in-pre-frail-older-women-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial-the-wiiprotein-study
#17
Audrin Said Vojciechowski, Simone Biesek, Jarbas Melo Filho, Estela Iraci Rabito, Maryelle Paula do Amaral, Anna Raquel Silveira Gomes
BACKGROUND: Frailty is one of the key geriatric syndromes and is related to the loss of functional independence. However, the practice of physical training (PT) combined with protein supplementation (PS) may improve musculoskeletal function (MF). OBJECTIVE: To verify the effect of PT using 'exergames' with or without PS on MF, nutritional status, and risk of falls in pre-frail older women. METHOD: The protocol is for a randomized controlled clinical trial with a sample of pre-frail older women, divided into 5 groups: control group; PT using exergames; PS; PT using exergames combined with PS; PT using exergames combined with isoenergetic supplementation...
May 2018: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672359/benefits-of-pulmonary-rehabilitation-in-idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis-a-case-report
#18
Fabio Perrotta, Andrea Bianco, Giovanni Cioffi, Antonio Cennamo, Gennaro Mazzarella
CLINICAL CASE: We describe the case of a 50-y-old man with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) who underwent pulmonary rehabilitation (PR). The 8-wk training program, including resistance training and aerobic exercises, was conducted 3 d/wk under physiotherapist supervision. Clinical and functional assessment was performed prior to and following the program. At the end of the training program, meaningful improvements in primary outcomes, including spirometry values and exertional parameters, were noted...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661156/synergic-trial-synchronizing-exercises-remedies-in-gait-and-cognition-a-multi-centre-randomized-controlled-double-blind-trial-to-improve-gait-and-cognition-in-mild-cognitive-impairment
#19
Manuel Montero-Odasso, Quincy J Almeida, Amer M Burhan, Richard Camicioli, Julien Doyon, Sarah Fraser, Karen Li, Teresa Liu-Ambrose, Laura Middleton, Susan Muir-Hunter, William McIlroy, José A Morais, Frederico Pieruccini-Faria, Kevin Shoemaker, Mark Speechley, Akshya Vasudev, G Y Zou, Nicolas Berryman, Maxime Lussier, Leanne Vanderhaeghe, Louis Bherer
BACKGROUND: Physical exercise, cognitive training, and vitamin D are low cost interventions that have the potential to enhance cognitive function and mobility in older adults, especially in pre-dementia states such as Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI). Aerobic and progressive resistance exercises have benefits to cognitive performance, though evidence is somewhat inconsistent. We postulate that combined aerobic exercise (AE) and progressive resistance training (RT) (combined exercise) will have a better effect on cognition than a balance and toning control (BAT) intervention in older adults with MCI...
April 16, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660947/effects-of-walkbot-gait-training-on-kinematics-kinetics-and-clinical-gait-function-in-paraplegia-and-quadriplegia
#20
Jongseok Hwang, Yongil Shin, Ji-Ho Park, Young Joo Cha, Joshua Sung H You
BACKGROUND: The robotic-assisted gait training (RAGT) system has gained recognition as an innovative, effective paradigm to improve functional ambulation and activities of daily living in spinal cord injury and stroke. However, the effects of the Walkbot robotic-assisted gait training system with a specialized hip-knee-ankle actuator have never been examined in the paraplegia and quadriplegia population. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the long-term effects of Walkbot training on clinical for hips and knee stiffness in individuals with paraplegia or quadriplegia...
April 7, 2018: NeuroRehabilitation
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