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Progressive resistance training

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721837/effects-of-progressive-resistance-training-combined-with-a-protein-enriched-lean-red-meat-diet-on-health-related-quality-of-life-in-elderly-women-secondary-analysis-of-a-4-month-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#1
Susan J Torres, Sian Robinson, Liliana Orellana, Stella L O'Connell, Carley A Grimes, Niamh L Mundell, David W Dunstan, Caryl A Nowson, Robin M Daly
Resistance training (RT) and increased dietary protein are recommended to attenuate age-related muscle loss in the elderly. This study examined the effect of a lean red meat protein-enriched diet combined with progressive resistance training (RT+Meat) on health-related quality of life (HR-QoL) in elderly women. In this 4-month cluster randomised controlled trial, 100 women aged 60-90 years (mean 73 years) from self-care retirement villages participated in RT twice a week and were allocated either 160 g/d (cooked) lean red meat consumed across 2 meals/d, 6 d/week or ≥1 serving/d (25-30 g) carbohydrates (control group, CRT)...
June 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720766/predicting-susceptibility-to-tuberculosis-based-on-gene-expression-profiling-in-dendritic-cells
#2
John D Blischak, Ludovic Tailleux, Marsha Myrthil, Cécile Charlois, Emmanuel Bergot, Aurélien Dinh, Gloria Morizot, Olivia Chény, Cassandre Von Platen, Jean-Louis Herrmann, Roland Brosch, Luis B Barreiro, Yoav Gilad
Tuberculosis (TB) is a deadly infectious disease, which kills millions of people every year. The causative pathogen, Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB), is estimated to have infected up to a third of the world's population; however, only approximately 10% of infected healthy individuals progress to active TB. Despite evidence for heritability, it is not currently possible to predict who may develop TB. To explore approaches to classify susceptibility to TB, we infected with MTB dendritic cells (DCs) from putatively resistant individuals diagnosed with latent TB, and from susceptible individuals that had recovered from active TB...
July 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715403/improving-strength-power-muscle-aerobic-capacity-and-glucose-tolerance-through-short-term-progressive-strength-training-among-elderly-people
#3
Eva A Andersson, Per Frank, Marjan Pontén, Björn Ekblom, Maria Ekblom, Marcus Moberg, Kent Sahlin
This protocol describes the simultaneous use of a broad span of methods to examine muscle aerobic capacity, glucose tolerance, strength, and power in elderly people performing short-term resistance training (RET). Supervised progressive resistance training for 1 h three times a week over 8 weeks was performed by RET participants (71±1 years, range 65-80). Compared to a control group without training, the RET showed improvements on the measures used to indicate strength, power, glucose tolerance, and several parameters of muscle aerobic capacity...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713697/safe-implementation-of-retroauricular-robotic-and-endoscopic-neck-surgery-in-south-america
#4
REVIEW
Renan Bezerra Lira, Thiago Celestino Chulam, Luiz Paulo Kowalski
In the last three decades, otolaryngology and head and neck oncological surgery have shown remarkable progress with the development of several modalities of endoscopic-assisted minimally invasive surgeries. More recently, the Da Vinci robotic surgery system has promoted the development of several surgical approaches with less morbidity and better cosmetic results, including the transaxillary and retroauricular approaches for thyroid surgery and neck dissections. In South America, there are several shortcomings regarding financial resources as well as the lack of support for innovation leading to a significant delay in adoption of numerous technological advances in medical practice...
June 2017: Gland Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705551/effects-of-progressive-resistance-training-on-cardiovascular-autonomic-regulation-in-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Hélcio Kanegusuku, Carla Silva-Batista, Tiago Peçanha, Alice Nieuwboer, Natan D Silva, Luiz A R Costa, Marco T de Mello, Maria E P Piemonte, Carlos Ugrinowitsch, Cláudia L M Forjaz
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of a progressive resistance training (RT) on cardiac autonomic modulation and on cardiovascular responses to autonomic stress tests in patients with Parkinson disease (PD). DESIGN: Randomized clinical trial. SETTING: The Brazilian Parkinson Association. PARTICIPANTS: 30 patients with PD (modified Hoehn and Yahr stages 2-3) were randomly divided into 2 groups: a progressive RT group (PDT) and a control group (PDC)...
July 10, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696823/effects-of-resistance-training-on-liver-structure-and-function-of-aged-rats
#6
Ricardo Aparecido Baptista Nucci, Ana Caroline de Souza Teodoro, Walter Krause Neto, Wellington de Assis Silva, Romeu Rodrigues de Souza, Carlos Alberto Anaruma, Eliane Florencio Gama
The aging process may cause negative physiological changes. However, exercises as resistance training (RT) have been considered an important intervention to attenuate these changes. Additionally, liver plays an important role in blood glucose homeostasis in exercise. AIM: This study aimed to analyze the effects of RT on the liver components of aged animals. METHODS: Male Wistar rats were divided into two groups: 24 months' group (CONTROL); and group submitted to a progressive RT protocol for 16 weeks (EXERCISE)...
July 11, 2017: Aging Male: the Official Journal of the International Society for the Study of the Aging Male
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690550/targeting-inflammation-and-downstream-protein-metabolism-in-sarcopenia-a-brief-up-dated-description-of-concurrent-exercise-and-leucine-based-multimodal-intervention
#7
REVIEW
Zhi Xia, Jason Cholewa, Yan Zhao, Hua-Yu Shang, Yue-Qin Yang, Kassiana Araújo Pessôa, Quan-Sheng Su, Fernanda Lima-Soares, Nelo Eidy Zanchi
Sarcopenia is defined as the progressive loss of muscle mass with age, and poses a serious threat to the physiological and psychological health of the elderly population with consequential economic and social burdens. Chronic low-grade inflammation plays a central role in the development of sarcopenia such that it alters cellular protein metabolism to favor proteolysis over synthesis, and thereby accelerates muscular atrophy. The purpose of this review is to highlight how exercise and nutrition intervention strategies can attenuate or treat sarcopenia...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684598/reduced-collagen-accumulation-and-augmented-mmp-2-activity-in-left-ventricle-of-old-rats-submitted-to-high-intensity-resistance-training
#8
Vinicius Guzzoni, Rita C Marqueti, João Luiz Quagliotti Durigan, Hernandes F Carvalho, Rafael Lino, Marcelo S Mekaro, Tayná Dos Santos, Andre Souza Mecawi, Jose Antunes-Rodrigues, Jeffrey M Hord, Jonh M Lawler, Ana Paula Davel, Heloísa Sobreiro Selistre-de-Araujo
Progressive fibrosis is a hallmark of the aging heart. Age-related fibrosis is modulated by endurance exercise training; however, little is known concerning the influence of resistance training (RT). Therefore, we investigated the chronic effects of high-intensity RT on age-associated alterations of left ventricle (LV) structure, collagen content, matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) and extracellular matrix-related gene expression, including transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β). Young adult (3 mo.) and aged (21 mo...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677946/effects-of-probiotics-supplementation-and-circuit-training-on-immune-responses-among-sedentary-young-males
#9
Nur S Ibrahim, Foong K Ooi, Chee K Chen, Ayu S Muhamad
BACKGROUND: Growing evidence suggests that probiotics may have positive benefits on immune responses following endurance exercise. However, little attention has been given to its possible beneficial effects on immune responses following resistance exercise. METHODS: Forty-one healthy sedentary males were recruited and randomised into four groups: sedentary control with placebo (C), probiotics (P), circuit training with placebo (Ex), and circuit training with probiotics (PEx) groups...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676855/the-effects-of-6-months-of-progressive-high-effort-resistance-training-methods-upon-strength-body-composition-function-and-wellbeing-of-elderly-adults
#10
James Steele, Kristin Raubold, Wolfgang Kemmler, James Fisher, Paulo Gentil, Jürgen Giessing
PURPOSE: The present study examined the progressive implementation of a high effort resistance training (RT) approach in older adults over 6 months and through a 6-month follow-up on strength, body composition, function, and wellbeing of older adults. METHODS: Twenty-three older adults (aged 61 to 80 years) completed a 6-month supervised RT intervention applying progressive introduction of higher effort set end points. After completion of the intervention participants could choose to continue performing RT unsupervised until 6-month follow-up...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670114/resistance-training-for-activity-limitations-in-older-adults-with-skeletal-muscle-function-deficits-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
Evan V Papa, Xiaoyang Dong, Mahdi Hassan
Human aging results in a variety of changes to skeletal muscle. Sarcopenia is the age-associated loss of muscle mass and is one of the main contributors to musculoskeletal impairments in the elderly. Previous research has demonstrated that resistance training can attenuate skeletal muscle function deficits in older adults, however few articles have focused on the effects of resistance training on functional mobility. The purpose of this systematic review was to 1) present the current state of literature regarding the effects of resistance training on functional mobility outcomes for older adults with skeletal muscle function deficits and 2) provide clinicians with practical guidelines that can be used with seniors during resistance training, or to encourage exercise...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667563/resistance-training-as-supportive-measure-in-advanced-cancer-patients-undergoing-tki-therapy-a-controlled-feasibility-trial
#12
F Rosenberger, J Wiskemann, S Vallet, G M Haag, E Schembri, D Jäger, C Grüllich
PURPOSE: While there is growing evidence for positive effects of progressive resistance training in curatively treated cancer patients, data on advanced cancer patients are scarce. This pilot study aimed at investigating for the first time feasibility and effects of progressive resistance training in advanced cancer patients undergoing tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) therapy. METHODS: Patients starting a TKI-based anti-tumor therapy were assigned to a resistance training group (RT, 12 weeks of progressive machine-based resistance training 2×/week) or a control group (CON, treatment as usual) until 10 patients had finished in each group (RT 80% males, 90% renal cell carcinoma, 65 ± 11 years, CON 80% males, 70% renal cell carcinoma, 61 ± 6 years)...
June 30, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663372/muscle-hypertrophy-in-pre-diabetic-men-after-sixteen-weeks-of-resistance-training
#13
Charles A Stuart, Michelle L Lee, Mark A South, Mary E A Howell, Michael H Stone
Resistance training of healthy young men typically results in muscle hypertrophy and a shift in vastus lateralis composition away from type IIx fibers to an increase in IIa fiber content. Our previous studies of eight weeks of resistance training found many metabolic syndrome men and women paradoxically increased IIx fibers with a decrease in IIa fibers. To confirm the hypothesis that obese subjects might have muscle remodeling after resistance training very different from healthy lean subjects, we subjected a group of nine obese men volunteers to progressive resistance training for a total of sixteen weeks...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661773/in-water-resisted-swim-training-for-age-group-swimmers-an-evaluation-of-training-effects
#14
Kosuke Kojima, Christopher L Brammer, Tyler D Sossong, Takashi Abe, Joel M Stager
PURPOSE: To compare the efficacy of resisted sprint swim training (RST) to that of unresisted sprint swim training (ST) on 50-meter freestyle competition time (VMAX50) in age-group swimmers. METHODS: Twenty-four age-group swimmers (age 10.6-14.9 years) were divided into RST or ST and completed a sprint swim training intervention twice per week for ten weeks. Repeated 10-meter sprints with progressively increasing resistance were used to determine measures of swim power...
June 29, 2017: Pediatric Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650872/barriers-and-facilitators-to-implementing-a-change-initiative-in-long-term-care-using-the-interact%C3%A2-quality-improvement-program
#15
Ruth M Tappen, David G Wolf, Zahra Rahemi, Gabriella Engstrom, Carolina Rojido, Jill M Shutes, Joseph G Ouslander
Implementation of major organizational change initiatives presents a challenge for long-term care leadership. Implementation of the INTERACT® (Interventions to Reduce Acute Care Transfers) quality improvement program, designed to improve the management of acute changes in condition and reduce unnecessary emergency department visits and hospitalizations of nursing home residents, serves as an example to illustrate the facilitators and barriers to major change in long-term care. As part of a larger study of the impact of INTERACT® on rates of emergency department visits and hospitalizations, staff of 71 nursing homes were called monthly to follow-up on their progress and discuss successful facilitating strategies and any challenges and barriers they encountered during the yearlong implementation period...
June 23, 2017: Health Care Manager
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649109/-aging-and-homeostasis-prevention-and-treatment-of-locomotive-syndrome
#16
Naohisa Miyakoshi
Locomotive syndrome is defined as a condition of reduced mobility due to impairment of the locomotive organs. With the increased aging of society, the demand for the prevention and treatment of locomotive syndrome to improve healthy life expectancy is increasing. Studies have shown that exercise programs including balance training and resistance training are effective in preventing falls. Resistance training also improves walking ability(gait speed)in older adults. In Japan, 'locomotion training' consisting of one-leg standing and squatting exercise is recommended to prevent locomotive syndrome...
2017: Clinical Calcium
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622685/increased-pdgfr-beta-and-vegfr-2-protein-levels-are-associated-with-resistance-to-platinum-based-chemotherapy-and-adverse-outcome-of-ovarian-cancer-patients
#17
Stefanie Avril, Yasemin Dincer, Katharina Malinowsky, Claudia Wolff, Sibylle Gündisch, Alexander Hapfelmeier, Melanie Boxberg, Holger Bronger, Karl-Friedrich Becker, Barbara Schmalfeldt
Despite frequent initial response rates of epithelial ovarian cancer to platinum-based chemotherapy the majority of patients develop drug resistance. Our aim was to evaluate differential expression of signaling-pathway proteins in platinum-sensitive versus platinum-resistant primary epithelial ovarian cancer specimens to identify predictive biomarkers for treatment response.192 patients were studied comprising of independent training (n = 89) and validation (n = 103) cohorts. Full-length proteins were extracted from paraffin-embedded samples including multiple regions per tumor to account for intratumoral heterogeneity...
June 8, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611110/the-liftmor-m-lifting-intervention-for-training-muscle-and-osteoporosis-rehabilitation-for-men-trial-protocol-for-a-semirandomised-controlled-trial-of-supervised-targeted-exercise-to-reduce-risk-of-osteoporotic-fracture-in-older-men-with-low-bone-mass
#18
Amy T Harding, Benjamin K Weeks, Steven L Watson, Belinda R Beck
INTRODUCTION: The primary aim of the proposed study is to examine the efficacy of an 8-month supervised, high-intensity progressive resistance training and impact loading programme in comparison with a supervised machine-based isometric exercise training programme using the bioDensity system in older men with low bone mass. We will also determine the safety and acceptability of each exercise training mode. Intervention group responses will be compared with those of a self-selected, non-randomised control sample of sex-matched and age-matched men who will follow their usual lifestyle activities for 8 months...
June 12, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610637/the-effects-of-resistance-training-on-muscle-strength-joint-pain-and-hand-function-in-individuals-with-hand-osteoarthritis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
Nicoló Edoardo Magni, Peter John McNair, David Andrew Rice
BACKGROUND: Hand osteoarthritis is a common condition characterised by joint pain and muscle weakness. These factors are thought to contribute to ongoing disability. Some evidence exists that resistance training decreases pain, improves muscle strength, and enhances function in people with knee and hip osteoarthritis. However, there is currently a lack of consensus regarding its effectiveness in people with hand osteoarthritis. Therefore, the aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to establish whether resistance training in people with hand osteoarthritis increases grip strength, decreases joint pain, and improves hand function...
June 13, 2017: Arthritis Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597708/balance-and-walking-performance-are-improved-after-resistance-and-aerobic-training-in-persons-with-chronic-stroke
#20
Caroline Lund, Ulrik Dalgas, Therese Koops Grønborg, Henning Andersen, Kåre Severinsen, Morten Riemenschneider, Kristian Overgaard
PURPOSE: To investigate the effect of different types of physical training on balance performance and whether improved balance correlates with improved walking performance. METHODS: Forty eight participants with chronic stroke were randomly assigned to aerobic training on cycle ergometer (AT-group), resistance training of the lower extremities (RT-group), or sham training of upper extremities (ST-group). Participants exercised 3 d/week for 12 weeks. Balance (Berg Balance Scale), peak oxygen uptake rate, isometric knee extensor strength, maximal gait speed, and 6 minute walk test were measured at baseline and after 12 weeks...
June 9, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
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