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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227600/modeling-the-debye-dielectric-response-in-the-time-domain-for-a-liquid-crystal-based-biopotential-optrode
#1
Hrishikesh Srinivas, Amr Al Abed, Francois Ladouceur, Nigel H Lovell, Leonardo Silvestri, Hrishikesh Srinivas, Amr Al Abed, Francois Ladouceur, Nigel H Lovell, Leonardo Silvestri, Hrishikesh Srinivas, Nigel H Lovell, Francois Ladouceur, Leonardo Silvestri, Amr Al Abed
Multielectrode arrays (MEAs) are widely used for recording biopotentials, with an ongoing research effort to improve their characteristics and performance. In this spirit, we are currently investigating a novel concept for a liquid crystal-based optical electrode (optrode) that has the potential to overcome some of the limitations of MEAs, including that of wiring complexity. In this paper we present a model to fully describe the electrical response of the proposed optrode to biopotentials, taking into account dielectric relaxation...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225055/alcoholic-beverage-preference-and-diabetes-incidence-across-europe-the-consortium-on-health-and-ageing-network-of-cohorts-in-europe-and-the-united-states-chances-project
#2
D Sluik, N Jankovic, M Hughes, M G O'Doherty, B Schöttker, W Drygas, O Rolandsson, S Männistö, J M Ordóñez-Mena, J Ferrieres, C Bamia, G de Gaetano, J C Kiefte-De Jong, O H Franco, I Sluijs, A M W Spijkerman, S Sans, S Eriksson, D Kromhout, A Trichopoulou, T Wilsgaard, H Brenner, K Kuulasmaa, T Laatikainen, S Söderberg, L Iacoviello, P Boffetta, F Kee, E J M Feskens
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: It is unknown if wine, beer and spirit intake lead to a similar association with diabetes. We studied the association between alcoholic beverage preference and type 2 diabetes incidence in persons who reported to consume alcohol. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Ten European cohort studies from the Consortium on Health and Ageing: Network of Cohorts in Europe and the United States were included, comprising participant data of 62 458 adults who reported alcohol consumption at baseline...
February 22, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224361/modeling-strategy-to-identify-patients-with-primary-immunodeficiency-utilizing-risk-management-and-outcome-measurement
#3
Vicki Modell, Jessica Quinn, Grant Ginsberg, Ron Gladue, Jordan Orange, Fred Modell
This study seeks to generate analytic insights into risk management and probability of an identifiable primary immunodeficiency defect. The Jeffrey Modell Centers Network database, Jeffrey Modell Foundation's 10 Warning Signs, the 4 Stages of Testing Algorithm, physician-reported clinical outcomes, programs of physician education and public awareness, the SPIRIT® Analyzer, and newborn screening, taken together, generates P values of less than 0.05%. This indicates that the data results do not occur by chance, and that there is a better than 95% probability that the data are valid...
February 21, 2017: Immunologic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224259/a-black-theological-response-to-race-based-medicine-reconciliation-in-minority-communities
#4
Kirk A Johnson
The harm race-based medicine inflicts on minority bodies through race-based experimentation and the false solutions a race-based drug ensues within minority communities provokes concern. Such areas analyze the minority patient in a physical proxy. Though the mind and body are important entities, we cannot forget about the spirit. Healing is not just a physical practice; it includes spiritual practice. Efficient medicine includes the holistic elements of the mind, body, and spirit. Therefore, the spiritual discipline of black theology can be used as a tool to mend the harms of race-based medicine...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219417/documenting-research-with-transgender-and-gender%C3%A2-diverse-people-protocol-for-an-evidence-map-and-thematic-analysis
#5
Zack Marshall, Vivian Welch, James Thomas, Fern Brunger, Michelle Swab, Ian Shemilt, Chris Kaposy
BACKGROUND: There is limited information about how transgender, gender diverse, and Two-Spirit (trans) people have been represented and studied by researchers. The objectives of this study are to (1) map and describe trans research in the social sciences, sciences, humanities, health, education, and business, (2) identify evidence gaps and opportunities for more responsible research with trans people, (3) assess the use of text mining for study identification, and (4) increase access to trans research for key stakeholders through the creation of a web-based evidence map...
February 20, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219294/architectural-renovations-of-body-as-temple
#6
Timothy Carroll
This paper addresses the Christian religious tradition of understanding the human body as the 'temple of the Holy Spirit' within the context of body modification in Eastern Orthodox Christianity. Drawing on ethnographic research in Jerusalem and Kansas City, interviews with artists and Orthodox Christians, and theological discourses on the body and art, this paper seeks to understand how the body is treated by Orthodox Christians and evaluates the ethical commitments and contestations around the human body and religious practice...
July 2016: New Bioethics: a Multidisciplinary Journal of Biotechnology and the Body
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212112/cancer-as-robust-intrinsic-state-shaped-by-evolution-a-key-issues-review
#7
Ruoshi Yuan, Xiaomei Zhu, Gaowei Wang, Site Li, Ping Ao
Cancer is a complex disease: its pathology cannot be properly understood in terms of independent players-genes, proteins, molecular pathways, or their simple combinations. This is similar to many-body physics of a condensed phase that many important properties are not determined by a single atom or molecule. The rapidly accumulating large 'omics' data also require a new mechanistic and global underpinning to organize for rationalizing cancer complexity. A unifying and quantitative theory was proposed by some of the present authors that cancer is a robust state formed by the endogenous molecular-cellular network, which is evolutionarily built for the developmental processes and physiological functions...
February 17, 2017: Reports on Progress in Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211902/simultaneous-observation-of-particle-and-wave-behaviors-of-entangled-photons
#8
Zhong-Xiao Man, Yun-Jie Xia, Nguyen Ba An
We theoretically study wave-particle duality of two entangled photons in the spirit of quantum version of delayed-choice experiments using Hadamard gate controlled by the quantum state of an ancilla and show that the two photons may globally exhibit particle-like, wave-like or simultaneously both particle-like and wave-like behavior. We prove that the obtained results cannot be satisfactorily explained by any hidden-variable theory. We also propose an efficient and experimentally feasible scheme without using any ancilla and controlled-gates to directly (i...
February 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210925/prospective-associations-between-depressive-symptoms-and-the-metabolic-syndrome-the-spirited-life-study-of-methodist-pastors-in-north-carolina
#9
Timothy W Smith, David E Eagle, Rae Jean Proeschold-Bell
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome (Met-S) has a robust concurrent association with depression. A small, methodologically limited literature suggests that Met-S and depression are reciprocally related over time, an association that could contribute to their overlapping influences on morbidity and mortality in cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and cancer. PURPOSE: Using a refined approach to the measurement of Met-S as a continuous latent variable comprising continuous components, this study tested the prospective associations between Met-S and depression...
February 16, 2017: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207306/a-comprehensive-review-of-spirit-drink-safety-standards-and-regulations-from-an-international-perspective
#10
Xiao-Na Pang, Zhao-Jie Li, Jing-Yu Chen, Li-Juan Gao, Bei-Zhong Han
Standards and regulations related to spirit drinks have been established by different countries and international organizations to ensure the safety and quality of spirits. Here, we introduce the principles of food safety and quality standards for alcoholic beverages and then compare the key indicators used in the distinct standards of the Codex Alimentarius Commission, the European Union, the People's Republic of China, the United States, Canada, and Australia. We also discuss in detail the "maximum level" of the following main contaminants of spirit drinks: methanol, higher alcohols, ethyl carbamate, hydrocyanic acid, heavy metals, mycotoxins, phthalates, and aldehydes...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205060/validation-of-the-jcog-prognostic-index-in-advanced-gastric-cancer-using-individual-patient-data-from-the-spirits-and-g-sox-trials
#11
Daisuke Takahari, Junki Mizusawa, Wasaburo Koizumi, Ichinosuke Hyodo, Narikazu Boku
BACKGROUND: In a phase III study for advanced gastric cancer (AGC), the Japan Clinical Oncology Group (JCOG) 9912 trial, we previously identified the following four prognostic factors-performance status ≥1, number of metastatic sites ≥2, no prior gastrectomy, and abnormal serum alkaline phosphatase levels-and proposed a prognostic index (good risk with 0 or 1 factor, moderate risk with 2 or 3 factors, and poor risk with all 4 factors). To assess the generalizability of this index, we attempted an external validation study using an independent data set...
February 16, 2017: Gastric Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28201909/evaluation-of-the-quasi-correlated-tight-binding-qctb-model-for-describing-polyradical-character-in-polycyclic-hydrocarbons
#12
Anatoliy V Luzanov, Felix Plasser, Anita Das, Hans Lischka
We present a verification and significant algorithmic improvement of the quasi-correlation tight-binding (QCTB) scheme (a Hückel-Hubbard-type model mimicking electron correlation) for describing effectively unpaired electrons in the spirit of Head-Gordon's approach [M. Head-Gordon, Chem. Phys. Lett. 380, 488 (2003)]. For comparison purposes, results based on the high-level ab initio multireference averaged quadratic coupled cluster method previously computed in our works are invoked. In doing so, typical polyaromatic hydrocarbons (polyacenes, periacenes, zethrenes, and the Clar goblet) are studied...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198923/new-races-new-diseases-the-possibility-of-colonization-through-racial-mixing-in-history-of-brazil-1810-1819-by-robert-southey
#13
Flávia Florentino Varella
The possibility that the climate altered the temperament of people who were not native to a given region was a widely held belief even before the discovery of the Americas. Changes in air, temperature, and diet were believed to contribute decisively to whether races degenerated or flourished. In the New World, the black, European, and indigenous races mixed, reconfiguring European diseases. I explore how historian Robert Southey viewed this mixture of races in a positive light, especially the mixture of indigenous and Portuguese blood, resulting in the mameluco...
December 2016: História, Ciências, Saúde—Manguinhos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191327/transdermal-spirit-methanol-poisoning-a-case-report
#14
Hatice Dogan, Banu Yilmaz Karakus, Kubra Serefoglu Cabuk, Ozlem Uzun, Huseyin Yenice, Aysun Orucoglu
INTRODUCTION: Methanol is a highly toxic substance and methanol poisoning results in severe health situations. Methanol poisoning occurs when it is consumed by various methods such as orally, by inhalation, and transdermally. Transdermal poisoning is rarely seen and causes severe health complications. CASE PRESENTATION: A 59-year-old male patient was admitted to the emergency room due to blurred vision and knee pain. He had wrapped alcohol soaked cotton around his knees because of pain, and left it for 10 hours at night...
November 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182139/assessing-behavioral-patterns-of-internet-addiction-and-drug-abuse-among-high-school-students
#15
Zeinab Nemati, Hossein Matlabi
BACKGROUND: Internet addiction and drug abuse isolate adolescents from their family and friends and cause damage to their health, relations, emotions, and spirit. In the society, adolescents' addiction extracts high cost on health care, educational failure and mental health services. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the behavioral patterns of Internet and drug addiction among urban and rural students in Urmia, Iran. METHODS: A sectional and descriptive-analytical approach with stratified sampling method was employed to recruit 385 high school students from urban and rural areas...
2017: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165693/mentoring-to-help-prevent-physician-burnout
#16
Malcolm Herring, Rachel Forbes Kaufman, Richard Bogue
The importance of a person's spirit and eternal destiny are eclipsed in American medi- cine. The most alarming effect of this eclipse is that the prevalence of burnout among physicians is high (about 46 percent) and growing.' It is alarming because trends that deplete the physician's spirit tragically impair the physician's capacity as a healer and as one who renews the spirit.
July 2016: Health Progress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164195/a-potential-sex-dimorphism-in-the-relationship-between-bitter-taste-and-alcohol-consumption
#17
Emma Louise Beckett, Konsta Duesing, Lyndell Boyd, Zoe Yates, Martin Veysey, Mark Lucock
BACKGROUND: Bitterness is an innate aversive taste important in detecting potentially toxic substances, including alcohol. However, bitter compounds exist in many foods and beverages, and can be desirable, such as in beer. TAS2R38 is a well-studied bitter taste receptor with common polymorphisms. Some have reported relationships between TAS2R38 genotypes, bitter taste phenotype and alcohol intake, however results have been mixed. These mixed results may be explained by the varying taste properties of different alcoholic beverages or a sex dimorphism in responses...
February 6, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163655/social-rhythms-of-the-heart
#18
Mika Pantzar, Minna Ruckenstein, Veera Mustonen
A long-term research focus on the temporality of everyday life has become revitalised with new tracking technologies that allow methodological experimentation and innovation. This article approaches rhythms of daily lives with heart-rate variability measurements that use algorithms to discover physiological stress and recovery. In the spirit of the 'social life of methods' approach, we aggregated individual data (n = 35) in order to uncover temporal rhythms of daily lives. The visualisation of the aggregated data suggests both daily and weekly patterns...
January 2, 2017: Health Sociology Review: the Journal of the Health Section of the Australian Sociological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159286/key-volatile-compounds-in-red-koji-shochu-a-monascus-fermented-product-and-their-formation-steps-during-fermentation
#19
Yen Yen Sally Rahayu, Yumiko Yoshizaki, Keiko Yamaguchi, Kayu Okutsu, Taiki Futagami, Hisanori Tamaki, Yoshihiro Sameshima, Kazunori Takamine
Red koji, which refers the solid culture grown koji mold on the steamed rice, is one of the ingredients of Asian fermented foods including the Japanese spirit shochu. This study was aimed at elucidating the characteristic flavor and key volatile compounds of red koji-shochu as well as the mechanism of their formation. Sensory evaluation showed that red koji-shochu has the distinctive flavors cheese, sour, milky, and oily. Fifteen key volatile compounds of red koji-shochu were identified by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry and high-performance liquid chromatography, and by comparison between red koji-shochu and white koji-shochu, as another typical shochu...
June 1, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155750/-objective-to-analyse-the-impact-of-the-alcohol-market-on-the-implementation-of-strong-willed-public-alcohol-abuse-prevention-policies-based-on-a-critical-review-of-the-literature-method-documentary-research-and-analysis-of-the-alcohol-market-economic-data
#20
Miléna Spach
In view of the mortality caused by alcohol abuse, France must implement a proactive public policy. An alcohol taxation policy based on the alcohol content, a minimum unit pricing for alcohol, or higher taxes on alcohol are public policies that could be considered in order to reduce alcohol-related mortality.</ce:para>.
October 19, 2016: Santé Publique: Revue Multidisciplinaire Pour la Recherche et L'action
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