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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090650/first-words-speech-and-language-interventions-in-cerebral-palsy
#1
Iona Novak, Amanda Spirit-Jones, Catherine Morgan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 16, 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088136/pressure-effects-on-structure-and-dynamics-of-metallic-glass-forming-liquid
#2
Yuan-Chao Hu, Peng-Fei Guan, Qing Wang, Yong Yang, Hai-Yang Bai, Wei-Hua Wang
Although the structure and dynamics of metallic glass-forming liquids have been extensively investigated, studies of the pressure effects are rare. In the present study, the structural and dynamical properties of a ternary metallic liquid are systematically studied via extensive molecular dynamics simulations. Our results clearly show that, like isobaric cooling, isothermal compression could also slow down the dynamics of metallic liquid, leading to glass formation. However, the temperature- and pressure-induced glass transitions differ in the formation of local coordination structures and the variation of fragility...
January 14, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080833/from-distillation-to-standardization-a-french-perspective-on-the-shaping-of-turpentine-spirit-1909-1976
#3
Marcin Krasnodebski
Turpentine is a complex substance of pine resin origin, widely used as a solvent in multiple industries. Attempts to define it, even when elaborated by scientists, have been marked by a whole range of extra-scientific market considerations. While the Pine Institute, a resin chemistry research centre in Bordeaux, succeeded in stabilizing the meaning of the word "turpentine" on the national level in France, its expertise was contested abroad. When the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) Committee 35 tried to establish a new international standard for turpentine, France was accused of protecting its industry by twisting scientific definitions for its own needs...
January 12, 2017: Ambix
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080254/wellness-and-multiple-sclerosis-the-national-ms-society-establishes-a-wellness-research-working-group-and-research-priorities
#4
Robert W Motl, Ellen M Mowry, Dawn M Ehde, Nicholas G LaRocca, Kathy E Smith, Kathleen Costello, Lynne Shinto, Alexander V Ng, Amy B Sullivan, Barbara Giesser, Kevin K McCully, Bo Fernhall, Malachy Bishop, Matthew Plow, Patrizia Casaccia, Nancy D Chiaravalloti
BACKGROUND: People with multiple sclerosis (MS) have identified "wellness" and associated behaviors as a high priority based on "social media listening" undertaken by the National MS Society (i.e. the Society). OBJECTIVE: The Society recently convened a group that consisted of researchers with experience in MS and wellness-related research, Society staff members, and an individual with MS for developing recommendations regarding a wellness research agenda. METHOD: The members of the group engaged in focal reviews and discussions involving the state of science within three approaches for promoting wellness in MS, namely diet, exercise, and emotional wellness...
January 1, 2017: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077911/a-decade-of-data-protection-for-innovative-drugs-in-canada-issues-limitations-and-time-for-a-reassessment
#5
Megan Kendall, Declan Hamill
Drug regulators in Canada and in other nations require innovative pharmaceutical companies to submit undisclosed clinical or other data as a condition of approving the marketing of new pharmaceutical products-the origination of which involves considerable effort and investment. Data protection regulations were enacted in Canada in 2006, which-to some extent-closed a loophole in intellectual property law that had previously left innovative companies with no effective data protection for their clinical data. Although the regulations were intended to clarify and effectively implement Canada's international treaty obligations in the spirit of innovation, a review of Canada's first decade of effective data protection shows that Health Canada and Canadian courts have interpreted the scope of data protection for innovative drugs in a narrow manner that undermines and is inconsistent with the intent of the regulations...
December 1, 2016: Biotechnology Law Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069619/occupational-exposure-to-solvents-and-risk-of-head-and-neck-cancer-in-women-a-population-based-case-control-study-in-france
#6
Matthieu Carton, Christine Barul, Gwenn Menvielle, Diane Cyr, Marie Sanchez, Corinne Pilorget, Brigitte Trétarre, Isabelle Stücker, Danièle Luce
OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to investigate the association between head and neck cancer and occupational exposure to chlorinated, oxygenated and petroleum solvents in women. METHODS: Investigation of occupational and environmental CAuses of REspiratory cancers (ICARE), a French population-based case-control study, included 296 squamous cell carcinomas of the head and neck (HNSCC) in women and 775 female controls. Lifelong occupational history was collected. Job-exposure matrices allowed to assess exposure to 5 chlorinated solvents (carbon tetrachloride; chloroform; methylene chloride; perchloroethylene; trichloroethylene), 5 petroleum solvents (benzene; special petroleum product; gasoline; white spirits and other light aromatic mixtures; diesel, fuels and kerosene) and 5 oxygenated solvents (alcohols; ketones and esters; ethylene glycol; diethyl ether; tetrahydrofuran)...
January 9, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069205/study-of-a-laboratory-scaled-new-method-for-the-accelerated-continuous-ageing-of-wine-spirits-by-applying-ultrasound-energy
#7
M J Delgado-González, M M Sánchez-Guillén, M V García-Moreno, M C Rodríguez-Dodero, C García-Barroso, D A Guillén-Sánchez
During the ageing of brandies, many physicochemical processes take place involving the distilled spirit and the wood of the casks. Because of these reactions, the polyphenolic content of brandies and their content of organic acids increase with the ageing. These reactions are slow, and the ageing of high-quality brandies takes several years. In this paper, the development of a system that uses the circulation of the wine distillate through encapsulated American oak chips and the application of ultrasound energy with the aim of producing aged wine spirits has been carried out, and the influences of the operation variables over the characteristics of the produced drink have been measured...
May 2017: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065884/how-far-are-we-from-full-implementation-of-health-promoting-workplace-concepts-a-review-of-implementation-tools-and-frameworks-in-workplace-interventions
#8
Masoud Motalebi G, Nastaran Keshavarz Mohammadi, Karl Kuhn, Ali Ramezankhani, Mansour R Azari
INTRODUCTION: Health promoting workplace frameworks provide a holistic view on determinants of workplace health and the link between individuals, work and environment, however, the operationalization of these frameworks has not been very clear. This study provides a typology of the different understandings, frameworks/tools used in the workplace health promotion practice or research worldwide. It discusses the degree of their conformity with Ottawa Charter's spirit and the key actions expected to be implemented in health promoting settings such as workplaces...
January 8, 2017: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052482/an-extra-care-community-s-perceived-priorities-for-whole-system-relationships-a-q-methodological-study
#9
Paul Grimshaw, Linda McGowan, Elaine McNichol
Health and social care settings worldwide need to sustainably improve the quality of relationships across communities or 'whole systems'. This research informs the development of a relational framework based on stakeholder perspectives. It is grounded in an action research project with practitioners, and draws on a previous literature review, to present the underpinning elements of quality relationships as statements, organised under the headings of integrity, respect, fairness, compassion and trust. Using Q methodology, 27 participants, comprising a range of stakeholders (staff, residents, family and service providers), rank-ordered 48 statements based on perceptions of the importance of differing aspects of relationships...
January 3, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048404/we-h-201-03-enthusiasm-and-generosity-of-spirit-necessitate-a-volunteering-structure-to-make-them-more-meaningful
#10
Y Pipman
: The desperate need for radiotherapy in low and mid-income countries (LMICs) has been well documented. Roughly 60 % of the worldwide incidence of cancer occurs in these resource-limited settings and the international community alongside governmental and non-profit agencies have begun publishing reports and seeking help from qualified volunteers. However, the focus of several reports has been on how dire the situation is and the magnitude of the problem, leaving most to feel overwhelmed and unsure as to how to help and why to get involved...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044019/resolving-the-neural-dynamics-of-visual-and-auditory-scene-processing-in-the-human-brain-a-methodological-approach
#11
REVIEW
Radoslaw Martin Cichy, Santani Teng
In natural environments, visual and auditory stimulation elicit responses across a large set of brain regions in a fraction of a second, yielding representations of the multimodal scene and its properties. The rapid and complex neural dynamics underlying visual and auditory information processing pose major challenges to human cognitive neuroscience. Brain signals measured non-invasively are inherently noisy, the format of neural representations is unknown, and transformations between representations are complex and often nonlinear...
February 19, 2017: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042284/assessing-the-impact-of-stricter-alcohol-advertising-standards-the-case-of-beam-global-spirits
#12
Craig S Ross, Alicia Sparks, David H Jernigan
Reducing youth exposure to alcohol advertising is a global health priority. In most countries around the world, the alcohol industry is given the opportunity to regulate itself with respect to advertising practices. Generally, the alcohol industry self-regulations are lax, allowing youth to be disproportionately exposed to alcohol advertising. However, Beam Global Spirits and Wine (Beam) voluntarily adopted more restrictive advertising standards in the United States in 2007. This study assessed Beam's compliance with their new standard and estimates its effect on youth exposure and advertising costs...
August 2016: J Public Aff
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035170/narratives-of-the-invisible-autobiography-kinship-and-alterity-in-native-amazonia
#13
Vanessa Elisa Grotti, Marc Brightman
Shamanic knowledge is based on an ambiguous commensality with invisible others. As a result, shamans oscillate constantly between spheres of intimacy, both visible and invisible. A place of power and transformation, the spirit world is rarely described by native interlocutors in an objective, detached way; rather, they depict it in terms of events and experiences. Instead of examining the formal qualities of accounts of the spirit world through analyses of ritual performance and shamanic quests, we focus on life histories as autobiographical accounts in order to explore what they reveal about the relationship between personal history (and indigenous historicity) and the spirit world...
March 1, 2016: Soc Anal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025850/estimating-latent-trends-in-multivariate-longitudinal-data-via-parafac2-with-functional-and-structural-constraints
#14
Nathaniel E Helwig
Longitudinal data are inherently multimode in the sense that such data are often collected across multiple modes of variation, for example, time × variables × subjects. In many longitudinal studies, multiple variables are collected to measure some latent construct(s) of interest. In such cases, the goal is to understand temporal trends in the latent variables, as well as individual differences in the trends. Multimode component analysis models provide a powerful framework for discovering latent trends in longitudinal data...
December 26, 2016: Biometrical Journal. Biometrische Zeitschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025284/flower-development-of-goniorrhachis-marginata-reveals-new-insights-into-the-evolution-of-the-florally-diverse-detarioid-legumes
#15
Gerhard Prenner, Domingos Cardoso
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The study of floral morphology and ontogeny and the re-investigation of existing data help to uncover potential synapomorphic characters and foster our understanding of phylogenetic relationships that rely primarily on molecular analyses. Goniorrhachis marginata is a monotypic caesalpinioid legume (Leguminosae) that shows some interesting floral features, such as a long hypanthium and regular Rosaceae-like flowers. We studied the ontogeny and morphology of the flowers in detail and present our results in a broad phylogenetic context...
December 26, 2016: Annals of Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013104/the-impact-of-nursing-delirium-preventive-innterventions-in-the-intensive-care-unit-underpin-icu-a-study-protocol-for-a-multi-centre-stepped-wedge-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Annelies Wassenaar, Paul Rood, Lisette Schoonhoven, Steven Teerenstra, Marieke Zegers, Peter Pickkers, Mark van den Boogaard
BACKGROUND: Delirium is a common disorder in Intensive Care Unit (ICU) patients and is associated with serious short- and long-term consequences, including re-intubations, ICU readmissions, prolonged ICU and hospital stay, persistent cognitive problems, and higher mortality rates. Considering the high incidence of delirium and its consequences, prevention of delirium is imperative. This study focuses on a program of standardized nursing and physical therapy interventions to prevent delirium in the ICU, called UNDERPIN-ICU (nUrsiNg DEliRium Preventive INterventions in the ICU)...
December 8, 2016: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011653/framing-the-policy-debate-over-spirits-excise-tax-in-poland
#17
Mateusz Zatoński, Benjamin Hawkins, Martin McKee
Industry lobbying remains an obstacle to effective health-oriented alcohol policy. In 2013, an increase in excise tax on spirits was announced by the Polish government. This article presents a qualitative analysis of the public debate that ensued on the potential economic, health and social effects of the policy. It focuses on how competing groups, including industry actors, framed their position and sought to dominate the debate. Online archives of five Polish national newspapers, two spirits trade associations, and parliamentary and ministerial archives were searched...
December 23, 2016: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005724/one-global-community-under-god-in-one-arena-the-spirit-of-the-olympics-put-us-all-together-avoiding-global-diversity-to-further-move-forward
#18
Mutaz B Habal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002139/care-autonomy-and-gender-in-nursing-practice-a-historical-study-of-nurses-experiences
#19
Paola Galbany-Estragués, Dolors Comas-d'Argemir
BACKGROUND: Care is the essence of the nursing role and is closely related to the concept of professional autonomy. Autonomy is implicated in power relations between doctors and nurses and between men and women. These relationships are closely linked to care practices and the inequality of nursing and medicine. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to analyze nursing discourse regarding the concept of care and its relationship to the concept of autonomy and gender...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997382/investigation-of-undersampling-and-reconstruction-algorithm-dependence-on-respiratory-correlated-4d-mri-for-online-mr-guided-radiation-therapy
#20
Nikolai J Mickevicius, Eric Paulson
The purpose of this work is to investigate the effects of undersampling and reconstruction algorithm on the total processing time and image quality of respiratory phase-resolved 4D MRI data. Specifically, the goal is to obtain quality 4D-MRI data with a combined acquisition and reconstruction time of five minutes or less, which we reasoned would be satisfactory for pre-treatment 4D-MRI in online MRI-gRT. A 3D stack-of-stars, self-navigated, 4D-MRI acquisition was used to scan three healthy volunteers at three image resolutions and two scan durations...
December 20, 2016: Physics in Medicine and Biology
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