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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914469/predicting-general-and-cancer-related-distress-in-women-with-newly-diagnosed-breast-cancer
#1
Andrea Gibbons, AnnMarie Groarke, Karl Sweeney
BACKGROUND: Psychological distress can impact medical outcomes such as recovery from surgery and experience of side effects during treatment. Identifying the factors that explain variability in distress would guide future interventions aimed at decreasing distress. Two factors that have been implicated in distress are illness perceptions and coping, and are part of the Self-Regulatory Model of Illness Behaviour (SRM). The model suggests that coping mediates the relationship between illness perceptions and distress...
December 3, 2016: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914352/searching-for-novel-modes-of-toxic-actions-of-oil-spill-using-e-%C3%A2-coli-live-cell-array-reporter-system-a-hebei-spirit-oil-spill-study
#2
Dawoon Jung, Miao Guan, Sangwoo Lee, Cheolmin Kim, Hyesoo Shin, Seongjin Hong, Un Hyuk Yim, Won Joon Shim, John P Giesy, Jong Seong Khim, Xiaowei Zhang, Kyungho Choi
Oil is a complex mixture of numerous compounds. Therefore, oil spills near shore can cause various adverse effects on coastal ecosystems. However, most toxicological assessments conducted on oil spill sites have focused on limited modes of toxic actions. In the present study, we utilized the Escherichia coli (E. coli) live cell array system (LCA) to identify novel modes of toxicities of the oil spill-affected sediments. For this purpose, sediment samples were collected from an area heavily polluted by Hebei Spirit oil spill (HSOS) incident of 2007...
November 30, 2016: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913539/prevention-of-central-nervous-system-sequelae-in-sickle-cell-disease-without-evidence-from-randomized-controlled-trials-the-case-for-a-team-based-learning-collaborative
#3
Michael R DeBaun, Allison A King
Since 1998, the National Institutes of Health has funded 5 randomized controlled trials (RCTs) for primary and secondary prevention of strokes in children with sickle cell anemia (SCA). In a systematic fashion, these trials have significantly advanced the care of children with SCA. In the absence of an RCT, clinicians are often compelled to make decisions at the bedside, based on experience, observational studies, and principles of hematology. We will provide an initial example that describes how a team-based, learning collaborative developed a multisite standard care protocol with a low budget (<$10 000 per year) to overcome the intrinsic limitations of advancing the care of neurologic complications in sickle cell disease (SCD)...
December 2, 2016: Hematology—the Education Program of the American Society of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911557/bifurcations-and-singularities-for-coupled-oscillators-with-inertia-and-frustration
#4
J Barré, D Métivier
We prove that any nonzero inertia, however small, is able to change the nature of the synchronization transition in Kuramoto-like models, either from continuous to discontinuous or from discontinuous to continuous. This result is obtained through an unstable manifold expansion in the spirit of Crawford, which features singularities in the vicinity of the bifurcation. Far from being unwanted artifacts, these singularities actually control the qualitative behavior of the system. Our numerical tests fully support this picture...
November 18, 2016: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911544/fermionic-orbital-optimization-in-tensor-network-states
#5
C Krumnow, L Veis, Ö Legeza, J Eisert
Tensor network states and specifically matrix-product states have proven to be a powerful tool for simulating ground states of strongly correlated spin models. Recently, they have also been applied to interacting fermionic problems, specifically in the context of quantum chemistry. A new freedom arising in such nonlocal fermionic systems is the choice of orbitals, it being far from clear what choice of fermionic orbitals to make. In this Letter, we propose a way to overcome this challenge. We suggest a method intertwining the optimization over matrix product states with suitable fermionic Gaussian mode transformations...
November 18, 2016: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905961/estimating-average-alcohol-consumption-in-the-population-using-multiple-sources-the-case-of-spain
#6
Luis Sordo, Gregorio Barrio, María J Bravo, Joan R Villalbí, Albert Espelt, Montserrat Neira, Enrique Regidor
BACKGROUND: National estimates on per capita alcohol consumption are provided regularly by various sources and may have validity problems, so corrections are needed for monitoring and assessment purposes. Our objectives were to compare different alcohol availability estimates for Spain, to build the best estimate (actual consumption), characterize its time trend during 2001-2011, and quantify the extent to which other estimates (coverage) approximated actual consumption. METHODS: Estimates were: alcohol availability from the Spanish Tax Agency (Tax Agency availability), World Health Organization (WHO availability) and other international agencies, self-reported purchases from the Spanish Food Consumption Panel, and self-reported consumption from population surveys...
June 2, 2016: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902520/rethinking-recovery-incorporating-holistic-nursing-perspectives-in-poststroke-care
#7
Frances Peterson-Burch, Karin Reuter-Rice, Taura L Barr
Stroke is a life-changing experience. Current treatments focus on treating the condition, rather than the whole person. The goal of this report was to communicate the benefits of a holistic approach to the treatment and recovery of stroke. Our intent was to begin a conversation to transform our approach to stroke care to focus on the whole person, body, mind, and spirit. Wellness approaches are fiscally responsible ways of providing holistic care for patients and their family members to help them achieve optimal individualized recovery...
January 2017: Holistic Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897022/-postpartum-blues-a-czech-adaptation-of-the-maternity-blues-questionnaire
#8
L Takács, F Smolík, J Mlíková Seidlerová, P Čepický, S Hoskovcová
OBJECTIVE: To validate the Kennerley and Gaths Maternity Blues Questionnaire (MBQ) for the Czech postpartum population, to present the psychometric properties of the Czech version of that screening method, and to assess its predictive power for the risk of postpartum depression. DESIGN: Original study. SETTING: Department of Psychology, Faculty of Arts and Philosophy, Charles University, Prague. METHODS: The Czech version of the MBQ was validated on a sample of 1093 women...
2016: Ceská Gynekologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896990/a-powerful-method-for-including-genotype-uncertainty-in-tests-of-hardy-weinberg-equilibrium
#9
Andrew Beck, Alexander Luedtke, Keli Liu, Nathan Tintle
The use of posterior probabilities to summarize genotype uncertainty is pervasive across genotype, sequencing and imputation platforms. Prior work in many contexts has shown the utility of incorporating genotype uncertainty (posterior probabilities) in downstream statistical tests. Typical approaches to incorporating genotype uncertainty when testing Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium tend to lack calibration in the type I error rate, especially as genotype uncertainty increases. We propose a new approach in the spirit of genomic control that properly calibrates the type I error rate, while yielding improved power to detect deviations from Hardy-Weinberg Equilibrium...
2016: Pacific Symposium on Biocomputing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896967/methods-to-ensure-the-reproducibility-of-biomedical-research
#10
Konrad J Karczewski, Nicholas P Tatonetti, Arjun K Manrai, Chirag J Patel, C Titus Brown, John P A Ioannidis
Science is not done in a vacuum - across fields of biomedicine, scientists have built on previous research and used data published in previous papers. A mainstay of scientific inquiry is the publication of one's research and recognition for this work is given in the form of citations and notoriety - ideally given in proportion to the quality of the work. Academic incentives, however, may encourage individual researchers to prioritize career ambitions over scientific truth. Recently, the New England Journal of Medicine published a commentary calling scientists who repurpose data "research parasites" who misuse data generated by others to demonstrate alternative hypotheses...
2016: Pacific Symposium on Biocomputing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885706/insulin-pump-failures-in-italian-children-with-type%C3%A2-1-diabetes-retrospective-1-year-cohort-study
#11
I Rabbone, N Minuto, R Bonfanti, M Marigliano, F Cerutti, V Cherubini, G d'Annunzio, A Frongia, D Iafusco, G Ignaccolo, F Lombardo, R Schiaffini, S Toni, S Tumini, S Zucchini, A Pistorio, A E Scaramuzza
AIMS: Insulin pump failure and/or malfunction requiring replacement have not been thoroughly investigated. This study evaluated pump replacement in children and adolescents with Type 1 diabetes using insulin pump therapy. METHODS: Data were collected for all participants younger than 19 years, starting insulin pump therapy before 31 December 2013. For each child, age, disease duration, date of insulin pump therapy initiation, insulin pump model, failure/malfunction/replacement yes/no and reason were considered for the year 2013...
November 25, 2016: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881175/do-emergency-medicine-journals-promote-trial-registration-and-adherence-to-reporting-guidelines-a-survey-of-instructions-for-authors
#12
Matthew T Sims, Nolan M Henning, C Cole Wayant, Matt Vassar
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the current state of two publication practices, reporting guidelines requirements and clinical trial registration requirements, by analyzing the "Instructions for Authors" of emergency medicine journals. METHODS: We performed a web-based data abstraction from the "Instructions for Authors" of the 27 Emergency Medicine journals catalogued in the Expanded Science Citation Index of the 2014 Journal Citation Reports and Google Scholar Metrics h5-index to identify whether each journal required, recommended, or made no mention of the following reporting guidelines: EQUATOR Network, ICMJE, ARRIVE, CARE, CONSORT, STARD, TRIPOD, CHEERS, MOOSE, STROBE, COREQ, SRQR, SQUIRE, PRISMA-P, SPIRIT, PRISMA, and QUOROM...
November 24, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870166/the-frontier-spirit-and-reproducible-research-in-animal-breeding
#13
EDITORIAL
R J Tempelman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Journal of Animal Breeding and Genetics, Zeitschrift Für Tierzüchtung und Züchtungsbiologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869521/body-and-spirit-tibetan-medical-paintings
#14
Jan Sharp
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 21, 2016: Journal of Visual Communication in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866134/one-year-clinical-outcomes-of-patients-treated-with-everolimus-eluting-bioresorbable-vascular-scaffolds-versus-everolimus-eluting-metallic-stents-a-propensity-score-comparison-of-patients-enrolled-in-the-absorb-extend-and-spirit-trials
#15
José de Ribamar Costa, Alexandre Abizaid, Antonio L Bartorelli, Robert Whitbourn, Nigel Jepson, Marco Perin, Clemens Steinwender, Marrianne Stuteville, Divine Ediebah, Krishnankutty Sudhir, Patrick W Serruys
AIMS: We sought to compare the outcomes of low/moderate complexity patients treated with the Absorb BVS from the ABSORB EXTEND trial with patients treated with the XIENCE everolimus-eluting stent (EES), using propensity score (PS) matching of pooled data from the SPIRIT trials (SPIRIT II, SPIRIT III, SPIRIT IV) and the XIENCE V USA trial. METHODS AND RESULTS: ABSORB EXTEND was a prospective, single-arm, open-label clinical study in which 812 patients were enrolled at 56 sites...
November 20, 2016: EuroIntervention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863367/prescription-pattern-of-chinese-herbal-products-for-heart-failure-in-taiwan-a-population-based-study
#16
Ming-Yen Tsai, Wen-Long Hu, Che-Chen Lin, Yi-Chiao Lee, Shih-Yu Chen, Yu-Chiang Hung, Yung-Hsiang Chen
BACKGROUND: Certain Chinese herbal products (CHPs) may protect against the progression of heart failure (HF). However, there is a lack of research regarding the use of CHPs in patients with HF. The aims of this study were to analyze CHPs usage patterns in patients with HF and to identify the frequency and combination of CHPs most commonly used for HF. METHODS: This retrospective, nationwide, population-based cohort study was conducted using a randomly sampled cohort of one million patients selected from the National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD) for the years 2000-2010 in Taiwan...
November 9, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857644/overview-of-ethno-folkloric-burns-in-the-republic-of-slovenia
#17
A Stritar, A Brčić, F Drnovšek, V Malvasio
The article describes typical folkloric- and ethnographic-related burns/scalds in Slovenia. All of the mentioned burns/scalds derive from the life of a nation, and are primarily a result of specific customs, traditions and activities carried out in a rural environment. Prolonged periods of lying on a hot tiled wood burner results in deep contact burns. The preparation work for pig slaughtering ('koline') is dangerous due to the large quantities of boiling water required for the slaughter process and meat production technology...
March 31, 2016: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854528/youth-exposure-to-alcohol-advertising-in-national-magazines-in-the-united-states-2001-2011
#18
Craig S Ross, Elizabeth R Henehan, David H Jernigan
OBJECTIVES: To update public health surveillance of alcohol advertising to underage populations by assessing alcohol industry compliance with their voluntary guidelines for US magazine advertisements from 2001 to 2011. METHODS: Using advertising industry standard sources The Nielsen Company and MediaMark, we evaluated youth exposure to alcohol advertising, and relative advertising exposure of youths versus adults, in 168 national magazines. RESULTS: From 2001 to 2011, magazine alcohol advertising seen by youths declined by 62...
November 17, 2016: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853166/silica-deposits-on-mars-with-features-resembling-hot-spring-biosignatures-at-el-tatio-in-chile
#19
Steven W Ruff, Jack D Farmer
The Mars rover Spirit encountered outcrops and regolith composed of opaline silica (amorphous SiO2·nH2O) in an ancient volcanic hydrothermal setting in Gusev crater. An origin via either fumarole-related acid-sulfate leaching or precipitation from hot spring fluids was suggested previously. However, the potential significance of the characteristic nodular and mm-scale digitate opaline silica structures was not recognized. Here we report remarkably similar features within active hot spring/geyser discharge channels at El Tatio in northern Chile, where halite-encrusted silica yields infrared spectra that are the best match yet to spectra from Spirit...
November 17, 2016: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836630/asia-pacific-malaria-is-singular-pervasive-diverse-and-invisible
#20
J Kevin Bairdm
Malaria in the Asia-Pacific region has been targeted for elimination by the year 2030. This article asks the question, "by what means?" in the context of proven technical strategies and tools against key challenges imposed by the distinct character of the Asia-Pacific malaria problem. The misperception of malaria in the Asia-Pacific region as a less serious but otherwise essentially similar problem to African malaria lulls us into rote application of the same tools and strategies. Those now mitigating the harm done by malaria in Africa will not suffice to eliminate malaria in the Asia-Pacific region - these tasks and the problems are fundamentally distinct...
November 9, 2016: International Journal for Parasitology
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