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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216488/microbial-community-composition-and-pahs-removal-potential-of-indigenous-bacteria-in-oil-contaminated-sediment-of-taean-coast-korea
#1
Dong Wan Lee, Hanbyul Lee, Aslan Hwanhwi Lee, Bong-Oh Kwon, Jong Seong Khim, Un Hyuk Yim, Beom Seok Kim, Jae-Jin Kim
The tidal flats near Sinduri beach in Taean, Korea, have been severely contaminated by heavy crude oils due to the Korea's worst oil spill accident, say the Hebei Spirit Oil Spill, in 2007. Crude oil compounds, including polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), pose significant environmental damages due to their wide distribution, persistence, high toxicity, mutagenicity, and carcinogenicity. Microbial community of Sinduri beach sediments samples was analyzed by metagenomic data with 16S rRNA gene amplicons...
December 4, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215391/engaging-nursing-students-integrating-evidence-based-inquiry-informatics-and-clinical-practice
#2
Melanie R Keiffer
The nursing research class requires faculty to create a spirit of inquiry while integrating technology, flexibility, and responsiveness to student needs. This article discusses new pedagogies to actively engage students in the evidence-based nursing process and the achievement of course learning outcomes. Through course exemplar, the author demonstrates a creative method to engage traditional baccalaureate nursing students in a nursing project that links evidence to improved patient outcomes.
December 5, 2017: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215129/the-aquifer-recharge-an-overview-of-the-legislative-and-planning-aspect
#3
O De Giglio, G Caggiano, F Apollonio, A Marzella, S Brigida, E Ranieri, L Lucentini, V F Uricchio, M T Montagna
In most regions of the world, safeguarding groundwater resources is a serious issue, particularly in coastal areas where groundwater is the main water source for drinking, irrigation and industry. Water availability depends on climate, topography and geology. The aim of this paper is to evaluate aquifer recharge as a possible strategy to relieve water resource scarcity. Natural aquifer recharge is defined as the downward flow of water reaching the water table, increasing the groundwater reservoir. Hydro-meteorological factors (rainfall, evapotranspiration and runoff) may alter natural recharge processes...
January 2018: Annali di Igiene: Medicina Preventiva e di Comunità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214593/the-role-of-solidarity-ies-in-rare-diseases-research
#4
Deborah Mascalzoni, Carlo Petrini, Domenica Taruscio, Sabina Gainotti
Solidarity plays a relevant role in rare diseases (RDs) research to create and enable research in the field. In Europe RDs are estimated to affect between 27 and 36 million people even though single RDs can count very few patients, making the contribution of everyone essential to reach solid results. Often RD research is initiated by patient groups devoting substantial time and resources to the scientific enterprise. In RD research solidarity is often evocated and expressed, in different ways and on different levels, so that it is possible to talk about "solidarities" played by different stakeholders and sometimes conflicting with each other...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209322/camelid-single-domain-antibodies-historical-perspective-and-future-outlook
#5
Mehdi Arbabi-Ghahroudi
Tremendous effort has been expended over the past two and a half decades to understand many aspects of camelid heavy chain antibodies, from their biology, evolution, and immunogenetics to their potential applications in various fields of research and medicine. In this article, I present a historical perspective on the development of camelid single-domain antibodies (sdAbs or VHHs, also widely known as nanobodies) since their discovery and discuss the advantages and disadvantages of these unique molecules in various areas of research, industry, and medicine...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200511/what-is-the-extension-of-the-extended-mind
#6
Hajo Greif
Two aspects of cognitive coupling, as brought forward in the Extended Mind Hypothesis, are discussed in this paper: (1) how shall the functional coupling between the organism and some entity in his environment be spelled out in detail? (2) What are the paradigmatic external entities to enter into that coupling? These two related questions are best answered in the light of an aetiological variety of functionalist argument that adds historical depth to the "active externalism" promoted by Clark and Chalmers and helps to counter some of the core criticisms levelled against this view...
2017: Synthese
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198653/acceptance-of-gold-medal-from-the-catalan-society-of-transplantation-by-drs-lorraine-racusen-and-kim-solez-with-remarks-on-the-banff-meeting-spirit
#7
L C Racusen, K Solez
The awarding of the gold medal from the Catalan Society of Transplantation to the organizers of the Banff Transplant Pathology meetings is an opportunity to acknowledge gratitude to all the people who have helped make these meetings a success over the past 26 years. Other large organizations have given up consensus conferences, but the Banff consensus process is thriving. It is unusual for any organization to have the same leadership for 26 years. It has only worked for the Banff meetings because the leadership was flexible and able to change with the times...
December 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198270/contributions-to-understanding-the-neuropsychology-of-alcoholism-an-ins-legacy
#8
Edith V Sullivan
Alcohol use disorder (AUD) has been a major cause of family, social, and personal strife for centuries, with current prevalence estimates of 14% for 12-month and 29% lifetime AUD. Neuropsychological testing of selective cognitive, sensory, and motor functions complemented with in vivo brain imaging has enabled tracking the consequences of AUD, which follows a dynamic course of development, maintenance, and recovery or relapse. Controlled studies of alcoholism reviewed herein provide evidence for disruption of selective functions involving executive, visuospatial, mnemonic, emotional, and attentional processes, response inhibition, prosody, and postural stability and brain systems supporting these functions...
October 2017: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195307/mean-covariance-and-effective-dimension-of-stochastic-distributed-delay-dynamics
#9
Alexandre René, André Longtin
Dynamical models are often required to incorporate both delays and noise. However, the inherently infinite-dimensional nature of delay equations makes formal solutions to stochastic delay differential equations (SDDEs) challenging. Here, we present an approach, similar in spirit to the analysis of functional differential equations, but based on finite-dimensional matrix operators. This results in a method for obtaining both transient and stationary solutions that is directly amenable to computation, and applicable to first order differential systems with either discrete or distributed delays...
November 2017: Chaos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192458/-exploring-the-clinical-characters-of-shugan-jieyu-capsule-through-text-mining
#10
Zheng-Ping Pu, Jiang-Ming Xia, Wei Xie, Jin-Cai He
The study was main to explore the clinical characters of Shugan Jieyu capsule through text mining. The data sets of Shugan Jieyu capsule were downloaded from CMCC database by the method of literature retrieved from May 2009 to Jan 2016. Rules of Chinese medical patterns, diseases, symptoms and combination treatment were mined out by data slicing algorithm, and they were demonstrated in frequency tables and two dimension based network. Then totally 190 literature were recruited. The outcomess suggested that SC was most frequently correlated with liver Qi stagnation...
September 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188548/spiritist-hospital-chaplaincy-in-brazil-5%C3%A2-years-of-documented-experience
#11
Alexandre Anefalos, Wilkens Aurélio Buarque E Silva, Renan Mercuri Pinto, Renée Danckwardt Ferrari, Aparecida de Fátima Boni, Cleide Borges Duarte, Rodrigo Ribas Dos Reis
Spiritist Hospital Chaplaincy in Brazil has been growing significantly in recent years, with the implementation of new services through the work of Spiritist Medical Associations (SMAs) in different regions of the country. This article describes the importance of historical interconnections from the advent of spiritism in the world and its introduction in Brazil to the emergence of Spiritist Hospital Chaplaincy in our country and presents the documented experience over 5 years of spiritist chaplain care, in the period from 2012 to 2016, guided by the SMA of Piracicaba at the Unimed Hospital of Piracicaba (São Paulo)...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187009/ixekizumab-an-anti-il-17a-monoclonal-antibody-for-the-treatment-of-psoriatic-arthritis
#12
Eric Toussirot
Psoriatic arthritis (PsA) is an inflammatory rheumatic disease that manifests itself with synovitis, dactylitis, enthesitis and also axial involvement. Interleukin-17A has been identified as a master cytokine in the inflammatory response and pathogenesis of PsA and spondyloarthritis in general. Ixekizumab is a new humanized monoclonal antibody that blocks the biological activity of IL-17A. This biological agent has previously demonstrated a high level of efficacy in psoriasis. Areas covered: This review discusses the basic immunology of the IL-17 cytokine family, the contribution of IL-17A to the immunopathogenesis of PsA, the clinical trials that evaluated ixekizumab in patients with PsA (SPIRIT program) and the safety of this agent...
November 29, 2017: Expert Opinion on Biological Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181078/pain-acceptance-of-illness-adjustment-to-life-with-cancer-and-coping-strategies-in-prostate-cancer-patients
#13
Aleksandra I Czerw, Urszula Religioni, Andrzej Deptała, Adam Fronczak
Introduction: Prostate cancer is the second most common type of carcinoma in men. The rate of prostate cancer has increased approximately fivefold lover the last 30 years. The purpose of the study was to evaluate coping strategies, pain management, illness acceptance, and adjustment to cancer in patients diagnosed with prostate carcinoma and the effect of socioeconomic variables on the above-mentioned issues. Material and methods: The study included 228 patients diagnosed with prostate cancer...
October 2017: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179845/-wellbeing-team-spirit-and-a-fun-run-for-women
#14
REVIEW
Brigitte Gougeon
The fun run La Parisienne, has been bringing together in Paris every September for the last 21 years, thousands of women running alongside each other to say no to breast cancer. Many caregivers also take part, in teams or with friends, like at the Odysséa fun run in which families can also participate. Charity sports events for the benefit of research which promote femininity, team spirit, sharing and wellbeing.
December 2017: Revue de L'infirmière
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179724/intervention-fidelity-in-the-definitive-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-of-the-healthy-lifestyles-programme-help-trial-findings-from-the-process-evaluation
#15
Jenny Lloyd, Sarah Dean, Siobhan Creanor, Charles Abraham, Melvyn Hillsdon, Emma Ryan, Katrina M Wyatt
BACKGROUND: The Healthy Lifestyles Programme (HeLP) was a novel school-located intervention for 9-10 year olds, designed to prevent obesity by changing patterns of child behaviour through the creation of supportive school and home environments using dynamic and creative delivery methods. This paper reports on both the quantitative and qualitative data regarding the implementation of the HeLP intervention in the definitive cluster randomised controlled trial, which was part of the wider process evaluation...
November 28, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173368/broken-heart-indomitable-spirit-de-oppresso-liber
#16
EDITORIAL
John R Feussner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172860/washington-state-spirits-privatization-how-satisfied-were-liquor-purchasers-before-and-after-and-by-type-of-retail-store-in-2014
#17
Thomas K Greenfield, Edwina Williams, William C Kerr, Meenakshi S Subbaraman, Yu Ye
BACKGROUND: In 2012 Washington State ended a wholesale/retail monopoly on liquor, permitting sale of spirits in stores with > 10,000 square feet. Implementation resulted in average price increases, but also five times the stores selling liquor. OBJECTIVES: As part of a privatization evaluation, we studied pre-post and between-store-type purchase experiences. METHODS: A 2010 Washington State Liquor Control Board (LCB) survey of liquor purchasers (n = 599), and the 2014 baseline of a repeated telephone survey (1,202 residents; n = 465 purchasers), each included 10 LCB questions on satisfaction with purchase experiences, each attribute with graded response scale A = 4 to D = 1 and F (0 = fail)...
November 27, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171890/reproductive-autonomy-and-regulation-coexistence-in-action
#18
Ruth Deech
On occasion, British in vitro fertilization practitioners look over the ocean to the practice of IVF and embryo research in the United States, wonder why these areas are subject to less regulation than in the United Kingdom, and ask how much less risky and more progressive IVF and embryo research might be if subject to additional federal, or at least state, regulation. To an American audience, imbued with the centuries-old spirit of independence, regulation and autonomy can seem in tension. From a British perspective, there is no necessary conflict...
December 2017: Hastings Center Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169364/policymakers-experience-of-a-capacity-building-intervention-designed-to-increase-their-use-of-research-a-realist-process-evaluation
#19
Abby Haynes, Sue Brennan, Sally Redman, Anna Williamson, Steve R Makkar, Gisselle Gallego, Phyllis Butow
BACKGROUND: An intervention's success depends on how participants interact with it in local settings. Process evaluation examines these interactions, indicating why an intervention was or was not effective, and how it (and similar interventions) can be improved for better contextual fit. This is particularly important for innovative trials like Supporting Policy In health with Research: an Intervention Trial (SPIRIT), where causal mechanisms are poorly understood. SPIRIT was testing a multi-component intervention designed to increase the capacity of health policymakers to use research...
November 23, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164048/a-retrospective-mid-and-long-term-follow-up-study-on-the-changes-in-hematologic-parameters-in-the-highly-exposed-residents-of-the-hebei-spirit-oil-spill-in-taean-south-korea
#20
Young-Hyun Choi, Jee-Young Hong, Moo-Sik Lee
Objectives: This study aimed to analyze changes in hematologic parameters in the residents of the areas highly contaminated by the Hebei Spirit Oil Spill in 2007 and those who participated in the clean-up activities. Methods: According to demographic characteristics, health status and behavior, and level of exposure to oil, we compared the hematologic results in 2009 and 2012 among 701 residents. The hematologic parameters were composed of white blood cell (WBC) count, and levels of hemoglobin, hematocrit (Hct), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), glucose, glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c), blood urea nitrogen (BUN), creatinine (Cr), total cholesterol (T-chol), high-density lipoprotein (HDL), and triglyceride (TG)...
October 2017: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
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