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Shu Liu, Qiukuan Wang, Yuefan Song, Yunhai He, Dandan Ren, Haihua Cong, Long Wu
For illustrating the relation of different structural characteristics correlated with the hepatoprotective effect, studies of fucoidan from algae Kjellmaniella crassifolia, a brown alga distributed in north Japan, were carried out. The fucoidan fractions of K. crassifolia were extracted, separated, and purified using a combinatorial procedure consisting of enzymolysis, ethanol precipitation, DEAE and size-exclusion chromatographies. The fundamental characteristics of the four enriched fucoidan fractions (KF1-KF4), including their sulphate content and monosaccharide composition, were investigated...
August 1, 2018: Carbohydrate Polymers
Artem S Silchenko, Anton B Rasin, Mikhail I Kusaykin, Olesya S Malyarenko, Natalie M Shevchenko, Anastasya O Zueva, Anatoly I Kalinovsky, Tatyana N Zvyagintseva, Svetlana P Ermakova
Enzymatic depolymerization of fucoidans attracts many researchers due to the opportunity of obtaining standardized fucoidan fragments. Fucoidanase catalyzes the cleavage of fucoidan from Fucus evanescens (FeF) to form low molecular weight products (LMP) and a polymeric fraction (HMP) with 50.8 kDa molecular weight and more than 50% yield. NMR spectroscopy shows that the HMP fraction has regular structure and consists of a repeating fragment [→3)-α-l-Fucp2,4OSO3 - -(1 → 4)-α-l-Fucp2,4OSO3 - -(1 → 4)-α-l-Fucp2OSO3 - -(1→]n ...
August 1, 2018: Carbohydrate Polymers
Chien-Ho Chen, Yung-Song Lin, Shao-Jung Wu, Fwu-Long Mi
Self-assembled nanoparticles (NPs) from arginine-modified chitosan (CS-N-Arg) and thiolated fucoidan (THL-fucoidan) were synthesized to enhance the transport of dextran and curcumin across intestinal epithelial cell layer. CS-N-Arg/THL-fucoidan NPs exhibited a pH-sensitive assembly-disassembly and drug release property. Evaluations of the NPs in enhancing the transport of a hydrophilic macromolecule (FITC-dextran) and a hydrophobic drug (curcumin) were investigated in Caco-2 cell monolayers. The cationic CS-N-Arg in the NPs induced disruption of intestinal epithelial tight junctions as indicated by the decrease of transepithelial electrical resistance (TEER)...
August 1, 2018: Carbohydrate Polymers
Chih-Sheng Chiang, Yu-Jung Lin, Rachel Lee, Yen-Ho Lai, Hung-Wei Cheng, Chia-Hung Hsieh, Woei-Cherng Shyu, San-Yuan Chen
Checkpoint immunotherapy that inhibits tumour immune evasion has demonstrated significant clinical success. However, the therapeutic response is limited to certain patient populations, and immunotoxicity as well as autoimmunity have compromised the therapeutic benefits. Here, we report on an inherently therapeutic fucoidan-dextran-based magnetic nanomedicine (IO@FuDex3 ) conjugated with a checkpoint inhibitor (anti-PD-L1) and T-cell activators (anti-CD3 and anti-CD28). IO@FuDex3 can repair the immunosuppressive tumour microenvironment by reinvigorating tumour-infiltrating lymphocytes, while targeting the nanomedicine via magnetic navigation to the tumour to minimize off-target effects...
May 14, 2018: Nature Nanotechnology
Vasily Morozov, Julia Borkowski, Franz-Georg Hanisch
Epithelial human blood group antigens (HBGAs) on O-glycans play roles in pathogen binding and the initiation of infection, while similar structures on secretory mucins exert protective functions. These double-faced features of O-glycans in infection and innate immunity are reviewed based on two instructive examples of bacterial and viral pathogens. Helicobacter pylori represents a class 1 carcinogen in the human stomach. By expressing blood group antigen-binding adhesin ( BabA ) and LabA adhesins that bind to Lewis-b and LacdiNAc, respectively, H...
May 11, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Pei Wang, Ranjith Kumar Kankala, Jingqian Fan, Ruimin Long, Yuangang Liu, Shibin Wang
Recently, the layer-by-layer (LbL) self-assembly technology has attracted the enormous interest of researchers in synthesizing various pharmaceutical dosage forms. Herewith, we designed a biocompatible drug delivery system containing the calcium carbonate microparticles (CaCO3 MPs) that coated with the alternatively charged polyelectrolytes, i.e., poly-L-ornithine (PLO)/fucoidan by LbL self-assembly process (LbL MPs). Upon coating with the polyelectrolytes, the mean particle size of MPs obtained from SEM observations increased from 1...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine
Irina Bakunina, Oksana Chadova, Olesya Malyarenko, Svetlana Ermakova
α- N -acetylgalactosaminidase (EC (alpha-NaGalase) catalyzes the hydrolysis of N -acetamido-2-deoxy-α-d-galactoside residues from non-reducing ends of various complex carbohydrates and glycoconjugates. It is known that human cancer cells express an alpha-NaGalase, which accumulates in the blood plasma of patients. The enzyme deglycosylates the Gc protein-derived macrophage activating factor (GcMAF) and inhibits macrophage activity acting as an immunosuppressor. The high specific activity 0...
May 10, 2018: Marine Drugs
Hsien-Yeh Hsu, Tung-Yi Lin, Chun-Hao Hu, David Ta Fu Shu, Mei-Kuang Lu
Cisplatin-based therapy is a traditional, clinical treatment for cancers, including lung cancer. In this study, we found that sequential therapy, i.e., cisplatin followed by fucoidan, reduced tumor volume in an LLC1-bearing C57BL/6 mouse model. Using a series of combined therapeutic experiments, we found that the inhibition rate of the sequential treatment (cisplatin→fucoidan) was 50 ∼ 75%. However, the inhibition rate of the sequential treatment, with fucoidan pretreatment, was increased to 75 ∼ 85%...
May 7, 2018: Cancer Letters
Subramanian Palanisamy, Manoharan Vinosha, Muthushanmugam Manikandakrishnan, Ravichandran Anjali, Periyannan Rajasekar, Thangapandi Marudhupandi, Ramar Manikandan, Baskaralingam Vaseeharan, Narayanan Marimuthu Prabhu
The present study was aimed to evaluate the antioxidant and anticancer potential of fucoidan isolated from Sargassum polycystum. The isolated fucoidan was successfully purified by DEAE cellulose-ion exchange chromatography and dialysis process. Totally four active fractions (F1-F4) were collected and explored its chemical constitution by calorimetric assays. Among them, fraction 2 (F2) showed the higher yield percentage, fucose and sulphate content. Further, monosaccharide composition, structural and functional properties of the F2 fraction was analyzed by HPLC, FTIR and NMR...
May 2, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
N Marinval, M Morenc, M N Labour, A Samotus, A Mzyk, V Ollivier, M Maire, K Jesse, K Bassand, A Niemiec-Cyganek, O Haddad, M P Jacob, F Chaubet, N Charnaux, P Wilczek, H Hlawaty
Decellularized porcine heart valves offer promising potential as biocompatible prostheses. However, this procedure alter matrix fibres and glycans, leading to lower biomechanical resistance and increased their thrombotic potential. Therefore, their durability is limited due to calcification and weak regeneration in vivo. Surface modifications are highly requested to improve the scaffolds re-endothelialization required to restore functional and haemocompatible heart valve. Fucoidan, a natural sulphated polysaccharide, carries antithrombotic and anti-inflammatory properties and is known to enhance endothelial adhesion and proliferation when associated with vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)...
March 16, 2018: Biomaterials
Yao Zhang, Dongwan Zhao, Shuai Yang, Haipei Yao, Min Li, Chun Zhao, Jingfa Zhang, Guo-Tong Xu, Hui Li, Fang Wang
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR) is a severe blinding complication of rhegmatogenous retinal detachment. Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) of retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells is thought to play a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of PVR. Fucoidan, a marine extract, reportedly has many benefits effects in a variety of tissues and organs such as anti-inflammation, anti-oxidative stress, and anti-carcinogenesis. In this study, we investigated the potential role of fucoidan on EMT in RPE cells and its effect on the development of PVR...
April 23, 2018: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
Hyeong-Mok Kim, Changhwan Ahn, Byeong-Teck Kang, Ji-Houn Kang, Eui-Bae Jeung, Mhan-Pyo Yang
We examined the effect of fucoidan, an immune modulator, on the phagocytic capacity of porcine peripheral blood polymorphonuclear cells (PMNs) exposed to culture supernatant from lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs). For this purpose, we evaluated the phagocytic capacity of porcine PMNs by flow cytometry and measured levels of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) protein and mRNA in porcine PBMCs by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and real time-polymerase chain reaction (PCR), respectively...
April 18, 2018: Research in Veterinary Science
Eric Lahrsen, Inga Liewert, Susanne Alban
The fucose-containing sulfated polysaccharides (syn. fucoidans) from brown algae exhibit a wide range of bioactivities and are therefore considered promising candidates for health-supporting and medical applications. During the past three decades, research on isolation, molecular characterization, and screening of in vitro and in vivo pharmacological activities has significantly increased. Until now, however, fucoidans are only used as ingredients in cosmetics and food supplements, especially due to the proclaimed antioxidant activities of fucoidan...
July 15, 2018: Carbohydrate Polymers
Olga N Pozharitskaya, Alexander N Shikov, Natalya M Faustova, Ekaterina D Obluchinskaya, Vera M Kosman, Heikki Vuorela, Valery G Makarov
Fucus vesiculosus L., known as bladderwrack, belongs to the brown seaweeds, which are widely distributed throughout northern Russia, Atlantic shores of Europe, the Baltic Sea, Greenland, the Azores, the Canary Islands, and shores of the Pacific Ocean. Fucoidan is a major fucose-rich sulfated polysaccharide found in Fucus ( F. ) vesiculosus . The pharmacokinetic profiling of active compounds is essential for drug development and approval. The aim of the study was to evaluate the pharmacokinetics and tissue distribution of fucoidan in rats after a single-dose oral administration...
April 18, 2018: Marine Drugs
Shinichi Hamasaki, Takuro Kobori, Yui Yamazaki, Atsuhiro Kitaura, Atsuko Niwa, Takashi Nishinaka, Masahiro Nishibori, Shuji Mori, Shinichi Nakao, Hideo Takahashi
Advanced glycation end-products (AGEs), which comprise non-enzymatically glycosylated proteins, lipids, and nucleic acid amino groups, play an important role in several diseases and aging processes including angiopathy, renal failure, diabetic complications, and neurodegenerative diseases. Among AGE-associated phenotypes, toxic AGEs, glyceraldehyde-derived AGE-2, and glycolaldehyde-derived AGE-3 are involved in the pathogenesis of diabetic complications. In addition, macrophages are reported to remove extracellular AGEs from tissues via scavenger receptors, leading to the progression of atherosclerosis...
April 12, 2018: Scientific Reports
Jun Hee Lee, Chul Won Yun, Jin Hur, Sang Hun Lee
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are a source for cell-based therapy. Although MSCs have the potential for tissue regeneration, their therapeutic efficacy is restricted by the uremic toxin, p -cresol, in chronic kidney disease (CKD). To address this issue, we investigated the effect of fucoidan, a marine sulfated polysaccharide, on cellular senescence in MSCs. After p -cresol exposure, MSC senescence was induced, as indicated by an increase in cell size and a decrease in proliferation capacity. Treatment of senescent MSCs with fucoidan significantly reversed this cellular senescence via regulation of SMP30 and p21, and increased proliferation through the regulation of cell cycle-associated proteins (CDK2, CDK4, cyclin D1, and cyclin E)...
April 6, 2018: Marine Drugs
Natalia N Perrella, Felipe J Fuzita, Rodrigo Moreti, Peter D E M Verhaert, Adriana R Lopes
l-fucose is a constituent of glycoconjugates in different organisms. Fucosidases catalyze the removal of fucose residues, and have been correlated to different physiological and pathological processes, such as fertilization, cancer, fucosidosis, and digestion in molluscs and ticks. An α-l-fucosidase sequence was identified from the transcriptome and proteome from the midgut diverticula of the synanthropic spider Nephilingis cruentata. In this article, we describe the isolation of this α-l-fucosidase and the characterization of its activity using substrates and inhibitors demonstrating different specificities among fucosidases...
March 30, 2018: Archives of Insect Biochemistry and Physiology
Eric Lahrsen, Ann-Kathrin Schoenfeld, Susanne Alban
Fucose-containing sulfated glycans (syn. fucoidans) from brown algae exhibit a wide range of bioactivities and are therefore considered promising candidates for health-supporting and medical applications. In this study, we investigated the pharmacological activities of fucoidan from Fucus vesiculosus and 18 gradually depolymerized fractions, which were obtained by hydrothermal and H2 O2 treatment, respectively. All the activities decreased with decreasing molecular mass (Mw ) but to a different extent resulting in some modified pharmacological profiles in dependence on the Mw as well as on the degradation method...
June 1, 2018: Carbohydrate Polymers
Min Zhou, Yong Ding, Liang Cai, Yonggang Wang, Changpo Lin, Zhenyu Shi
Low molecular weight fucoidan (LMWF) is a sulfated polysaccharide extracted from Saccharina Japonica that presents high affinity for P-selectin and abolish selectin-dependent recruitment of leukocytes. We hypothesized that dietary intake of LMWF, as a competitive binding agent of P‑selectin, could limit the inflammatory infiltration and aneurysmal growth in an Angiotensin II‑induced abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) mouse model. The Gene Expression Omnibus database was used for gene expressions and gene set enrichment analysis...
March 16, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
Bian Jang, Madhappan Santha Moorthy, Panchanathan Manivasagan, Li Xu, Kyeongeun Song, Kang Dae Lee, Minseok Kwak, Junghwan Oh, Jun-O Jin
In advanced cancer therapy, the combinational therapeutic effect of photothermal therapy (PTT) using near-infrared (NIR) light-responsive nanoparticles (NPs) and anti-cancer drug delivery-mediated chemotherapy has been widely applied. In the present study, using a facile, low-cost, and solution-based method, we developed and synthesized fucoidan, a natural polymer isolated from seaweed that has demonstrated anti-cancer effect, and coated NPs with it as an ideal candidate in chemo-photothermal therapy against cancer cells...
February 27, 2018: Oncotarget
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