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Fucoidan

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635654/the-identification-of-a-sirt6-activator-from-brown-algae-fucus-distichus
#1
Minna K Rahnasto-Rilla, Padraig McLoughlin, Tomasz Kulikowicz, Maire Doyle, Vilhelm A Bohr, Maija Lahtela-Kakkonen, Luigi Ferrucci, Maria Hayes, Ruin Moaddel
Brown seaweeds contain many bioactive compounds, including polyphenols, polysaccharides, fucosterol, and fucoxantin. These compounds have several biological activities, including anti-inflammatory, hepatoprotective, anti-tumor, anti-hypertensive, and anti-diabetic activity, although in most cases their mechanisms of action are not understood. In this study, extracts generated from five brown algae (Fucus dichitus, Fucus vesiculosus (Linnaeus), Cytoseira tamariscofolia, Cytoseira nodacaulis, Alaria esculenta) were tested for their ability to activate SIRT6 resulting in H3K9 deacetylation...
June 21, 2017: Marine Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632184/crude-fucoidan-extracts-impair-angiogenesis-in-models-relevant-for-bone-regeneration-and-osteosarcoma-via-reduction-of-vegf-and-sdf-1
#2
Fanlu Wang, Harald Schmidt, Dijana Pavleska, Thees Wermann, Andreas Seekamp, Sabine Fuchs
The marine origin polysaccharide fucoidan combines multiple biological activities. As demonstrated by various studies in vitro and in vivo, fucoidans show anti-viral, anti-tumor, anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory and anti-coagulant properties, although the detailed molecular action remains to be elucidated. The aim of the present study is to assess the impact of crude fucoidan extracts, on the formation of vascular structures in co-culture models relevant for bone vascularization during bone repair and for vascularization processes in osteosarcoma...
June 20, 2017: Marine Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629153/compositional-characteristics-and-in-vitro-evaluations-of-antioxidant-and-neuroprotective-properties-of-crude-extracts-of-fucoidan-prepared-from-compressional-puffing-pretreated-sargassum-crassifolium
#3
Wen-Ning Yang, Po-Wei Chen, Chun-Yung Huang
Fucoidan, a fucose-containing sulfated polysaccharide with diverse biological functions, is mainly recovered from brown algae. In this study, we utilized a compressional-puffing process (CPP) to pretreat Sargassum crassifolium (SC) and extracted fucoidans from SC by warm water. Three fucoidan extracts (SC1: puffing at 0 kg/cm²; SC2: puffing at 1.7 kg/cm²; and SC3: puffing at 6.3 kg/cm²) were obtained, and their composition, and antioxidant and neuroprotective activities were examined. The results suggest that CPP decreased the bulk density of algal samples, expanded the algal cellular structures, and eliminated the unpleasant algal odor...
June 18, 2017: Marine Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627391/low-molecular-weight-fucoidan-and-its-fractions-inhibit-renal-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-induced-by-tgf-%C3%AE-1-or-fgf-2
#4
Xinpeng Li, Xiaohong Li, Quanbin Zhang, Tingting Zhao
We investigated the renal protective effects of low molecular weight fucoidan (LMWF) and its two fractions (F0.5 and F1.0), which were extracted from Laminaria japonica, on the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) induced by transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF-β1) and fibroblast growth factor 2 (FGF-2) in HK-2 human renal proximal tubular cells. Cell morphology and EMT markers (fibronectin and alpha-smooth muscle actin) demonstrated that cells treated with TGF-β1 or FGF-2 developed EMT to a significant extent...
June 13, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627320/an-exploratory-study-on-the-anti-inflammatory-effects-of-fucoidan-in-relation-to-quality-of-life-in-advanced-cancer-patients
#5
Hidenori Takahashi, Mitsuhiko Kawaguchi, Kunihiro Kitamura, Seiji Narumiya, Munenori Kawamura, Isamu Tengan, Shinji Nishimoto, Yasuo Hanamure, Yasuo Majima, Shuichi Tsubura, Kiichiro Teruya, Sanetaka Shirahata
BACKGROUND: Conventional anticancer therapies still cause difficulties with selective eradication and accompanying side effects that reduce patients' quality of life (QOL). Fucoidan is extracted from seaweeds and has already exhibited broad bioactivities, including anticancer and anti-inflammatory properties, in basic studies. It is expected to enhance therapeutic efficacy and minimize side effects in cancer patients; however, despite its potential benefits, there are very few clinical trials using fucoidans...
February 1, 2017: Integrative Cancer Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606538/antibacterial-activity-and-mechanisms-of-depolymerized-fucoidans-isolated-from-laminaria-japonica
#6
Ming Liu, Yixiang Liu, Min-Jie Cao, Guang-Ming Liu, Qingchou Chen, Lechang Sun, Haixiu Chen
Fucoidans, sulfated polysaccharides in brown algae, were depolymerized though high-pressure hydrolysis, and their antibacterial activity, structural properties, and antibacterial mechanisms were investigated in this work. The fucoidans from Laminaria japonica show no antibacterial activity before depolymerization; however, their depolymerized products can effectively (p<0.05) inhibit the proliferation of Escherichia coli (E. coli) and Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus). The structure-activity study demonstrated that lower molecular weight and stronger polyanionic property can promote the antibacterial activity...
September 15, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586308/an-extract-from-the-atlantic-brown-algae-sacchorhiza-polyschides-counteracts-diet-induced-obesity-in-mice-via-a-gut-related-multi-factorial-mechanisms
#7
Patricia Huebbe, Sibylle Nikolai, Anke Schloesser, Diran Herebian, Graeme Campbell, Claus-Christian Glüer, Annette Zeyner, Tobias Demetrowitsch, Karin Schwarz, Cornelia C Metges, Thomas Roeder, Gerhard Schultheiss, Ignacio R Ipharraguerre, Gerald Rimbach
In this study we addressed the questions whether an Atlantic brown algae extract (BAE) affects diet induced obesity in mice and which would be the primary targets and underlying key mechanisms.Male C57 BL/6 mice were fed a hypercaloric diet, referred to as high fat diet (HFD), supplemented with a freeze-dried aqueous BAE from Sacchorizia polyschides (5 %) for 8 months. Compared to the control group, dietary BAE supplementation significantly attenuated increase in body weight and fat mass. We observed apparent metabolic improvement including normalization of blood glucose, reduced plasma leptin, reduced fecal bile salt hydrolase activity with lower microbial production of toxic bile acid metabolites in the gut and increased systemic bile acid circulation in BAE-fed mice counteracting adverse effects of long term HFD feeding...
May 23, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555064/induction-of-p53-independent-apoptosis-and-g1-cell-cycle-arrest-by-fucoidan-in-hct116-human-colorectal-carcinoma-cells
#8
Hye Young Park, Shin-Hyung Park, Jin-Woo Jeong, Dahye Yoon, Min Ho Han, Dae-Sung Lee, Grace Choi, Mi-Jin Yim, Jeong Min Lee, Do-Hyung Kim, Gi-Young Kim, Il-Whan Choi, Suhkmann Kim, Heui-Soo Kim, Hee-Jae Cha, Yung Hyun Choi
It is well known that fucoidan, a natural sulfated polysaccharide present in various brown algae, mediates anticancer effects through the induction of cell cycle arrest and apoptosis. Nevertheless, the role of tumor suppressor p53 in the mechanism action of fucoidan remains unclear. Here, we investigated the anticancer effect of fucoidan on two p53 isogenic HCT116 (p53+/+ and p53-/-) cell lines. Our results showed that inhibition of cell viability, induction of apoptosis and DNA damage by treatment with fucoidan were similar in two cell lines...
May 30, 2017: Marine Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528951/polysaccharides-from-sargassum-thunbergii-monthly-variations-and-anti-complement-and-anti-tumour-activities
#9
Weihua Jin, Ge Liu, Weihong Zhong, Chaomin Sun, Quanbin Zhang
Monthly variations of polysaccharides from Sargassum thunbergii and their anti-complement and anti-tumour activities were investigated. It was observed that an increase in fucose and total sugar contents occurred during the growth period (from early April to mid-June), accompanied by a decrease in molar ratios of other monosaccharides to fucose. The highest yields were obtained from early July to early September, which was in accordance with the significant increase in molar ratio of glucose to fucose and decrease in molar ratio of other monosaccharides to fucose...
May 18, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524785/development-of-genipin-crosslinked-fucoidan-chitosan-n-arginine-nanogels-for-preventing-helicobacter-infection
#10
Yu-Hsin Lin, Kun-Ying Lu, Ching-Li Tseng, Jui-Yu Wu, Chien-Ho Chen, Fwu-Long Mi
AIM: This study aims to validate the anti-Helicobacter pylori efficacy of amoxicillin-loaded nanoparticles and nanogels with pH-responsive and site-specific drug release properties against H. pylori infection. MATERIALS & METHODS: Genipin-crosslinked low molecular weight fucoidan/chitosan-N-arginine nanogels (FCSA) were prepared for targeted delivery of amoxicillin to the site of H. pylori infected AGS gastric epithelial cells. RESULTS: The negatively charged nanogels (n-FCSA) adhered to H...
May 19, 2017: Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522000/in-vitro-antioxidant-and-antibacterial-activity-of-sulfated-polysaccharides-isolated-from-spatoglossum-asperum
#11
Subramanian Palanisamy, Manoharan Vinosha, Thangapandi Marudhupandi, Periyannan Rajasekar, Narayanan Marimuthu Prabhu
Fucoidan was extracted productively from Spatoglossum asperum and its antioxidant and antibacterial potential against Aeromonos hydrophila was investigated. The isolated fucoidan was characterized by HPLC, FTIR, (1)H and (13)C NMR spectrum. The isolated fucoidan contained 60.9% fucose, 21.35±0.81% sulfate and 4.2±0.56% protein, respectively. The in vitro antioxidant activity was evaluated by DPPH radical scavenging, reducing power and total antioxidant activities. The extracted fucoidan showed antioxidant properties in a dose-dependent manner...
August 15, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493611/fucoidan-ameliorates-pancreatic-%C3%AE-cell-death-and-impaired-insulin-synthesis-in-streptozotocin-treated-%C3%AE-cells-and-mice-via-a-sirt-1-dependent-manner
#12
Wen-Chun Yu, Yen-Lin Chen, Pai-An Hwang, Tso-Hsiao Chen, Tz-Chong Chou
SCOPE: Several beneficial biological functions of fucoidan (FO) isolated from brown algae have been demonstrated. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether FO derived from Sargassum hemiphyllum ameliorates pancreatic β-cell damage and impaired insulin synthesis under diabetic condition. METHODS AND RESULTS: The effects of FO were studied in streptozotocin (STZ)-treated pancreatic β-cell line, NIT-1cells, and mice. The cell apoptosis, protein analyses, histological examination, and pancreatic function assays were performed...
May 11, 2017: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487956/differences-in-cell-death-and-cell-cycle-following-fucoidan-treatment-in-high-density-ht-29-colon-cancer-cells
#13
In-Hye Kim, Mi-Jin Kwon, Taek-Jeong Nam
Fucoidan, a sulfated polysaccharide present in marine brown seaweed, has been demonstrated to inhibit in vivo and in vitro growth of cells. The present study was conducted in HT‑29 human colon cancer cells cultured at a high density, and examined the potential underlying mechanisms by which fucoidan exerts its anti‑proliferative effects, which remain poorly understood. Fucoidan treatment of high‑density HT‑29 cells resulted in the inhibition of cell growth and increased apoptotic cell death. Flow cytometric analysis revealed that fucoidan treatment led to sub‑G1 phase cell cycle arrest...
June 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482497/biomineralization-potential-and-cellular-response-of-phb-and-phbv-blends-with-natural-anionic-polysaccharides
#14
Nowsheen Goonoo, Archana Bhaw-Luximon, Pearl Passanha, Sandra Esteves, Holger Schönherr, Dhanjay Jhurry
In this paper, the biomineralization potential and cellular response of novel blend films of the anionic sulfated polysaccharides kappa-carrageenan (KCG) and fucoidan (FUC) derived from seaweeds with semi-crystalline polyhydroxybutyrate (PHB) and polyhydroxybutyrate-co-valerate (PHBV), respectively, were analyzed. The incorporation of KCG and FUC into PHB and PHBV, which has been studied here for the first time, led to an overall decrease in crystallinity, enhanced surface hydrophilicity, reduced brittleness and faster degradation of the polymer blend films...
July 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476987/phytochemical-constituents-of-fucoidan-padina-tetrastromatica-and-its-assisted-agnps-for-enhanced-antibacterial-activity
#15
S Rajeshkumar
Biological synthesis of nanomaterials is a growing innovative approach and it was broadly utilised in the field of nanotechnology and nanomedicine. This study illustrates that biosynthesis of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) using fucoidan extracted from seaweed Padina tetrastromatica. The functional groups of extracted fucoidan were characterised by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and used to NPs synthesis. Synthesised AgNPs were characterised by ultraviolet-visible spectra, scanning electron microscope, energy dispersive X-ray, transmission electron microscope, selected area electron diffraction and FTIR...
April 2017: IET Nanobiotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447753/antitumor-activity-of-fucoidan-in-anaplastic-thyroid-cancer-via-apoptosis-and-anti-angiogenesis
#16
Hong-Yan Shen, Lan-Zhen Li, Ke-Cheng Xue, Dan-Dan Hu, Yu-Jun Gao
The present study demonstrated the effect of fucoidan, isolated from Fucus vesiculosus, on cell growth and apoptosis in anaplastic thyroid cancer cells. The cell viability was analyzed using a Cell Counting Kit‑8 cell proliferation kit. Diamidino-2-phenylindole and terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick‑end labeling assays were used to examine the apoptotic effect of fucoidan, which revealed the presence of apoptotic bodies and DNA fragmentation. Fucoidan inhibited the growth of FTC133 and TPC1 ATC cells in a dose‑dependent manner...
May 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442389/gene-identification-and-characterization-of-fucoidan-deacetylase-for-potential-application-to-fucoidan-degradation-and-diversification
#17
Tatsuhiko Nagao, Ayako Kumabe, Fumika Komatsu, Hisashi Yagi, Hirokazu Suzuki, Takashi Ohshiro
Fucoidan is an α-l-fucopyranosyl polymer found in seaweeds with forms that have acetyl and sulfuric modifications and derivatives that are lower and/or diversified, with modifications that have attracted interest as potential bioactive substances. We identified the gene for a fucoidan deacetylase that cleaves acetyl moieties from fucoidan and thereby contributes to fucoidan utilization in the marine bacterium Luteolibacter algae H18. Fucoidan deacetylase was purified to homogeneity from a cell-free extract of L...
April 22, 2017: Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430159/efficacy-of-low-molecular-weight-fucoidan-as-a-supplemental-therapy-in-metastatic-colorectal-cancer-patients-a-double-blind-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Hsiang-Lin Tsai, Chi-Jung Tai, Ching-Wen Huang, Fang-Rong Chang, Jaw-Yuan Wang
BACKGROUND: Low-molecular-weight fucoidan (LMF) is widely used as a food supplement for cancer patients. However, all of the studies are in vitro or were conducted using mice. Therefore, powerful clinical evidence for LMF use is relatively weak. This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of LMF as a supplemental therapy to chemo-target agents in metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) patients. METHODS: We conducted a prospective, randomized, double-blind, controlled trial to evaluate the efficacy of LMF as a supplemental therapy to chemotarget agents in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC)...
April 21, 2017: Marine Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400184/isolation-of-fucoidan-from-sargassum-polycystum-brown-algae-structural-characterization-in-vitro-antioxidant-and-anticancer-activity
#19
Subramanian Palanisamy, Manoharan Vinosha, Thangapandi Marudhupandi, Periyannan Rajasekar, Narayanan Marimuthu Prabhu
In this study antioxidant and anticancer effect of fucoidan isolated from brown seaweed Sargassum polycystum was investigated. The total yield of fucoidan was 4.51±0.24%, of these, 46.8% of fucose and 22.35±0.23% of sulphate respectively. The structural characteristic of fucoidan was analyzed by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and nuclear magnetic resonance. The antioxidant properties were determined by DPPH scavenging, reducing power and total antioxidant assays. The maximum DPPH scavenging activity (61...
April 9, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398713/anti-egfr-antibody-conjugation-of-fucoidan-coated-gold-nanorods-as-novel-photothermal-ablation-agents-for-cancer-therapy
#20
Panchanathan Manivasagan, Subramaniyan Bharathiraja, Madhappan Santha Moorthy, Yun-Ok Oh, Kyeongeun Song, Hansu Seo, Junghwan Oh
The development of novel photothermal ablation agents as cancer nanotheranostics has received a great deal of attention in recent decades. Biocompatible fucoidan (Fu) is used as the coating material for gold nanorods (AuNRs) and subsequently conjugated with monoclonal antibodies against epidermal growth factor receptor (anti-EGFR) as novel photothermal ablation agents for cancer nanotheranostics because of their excellent biocompatibility, biodegradability, nontoxicity, water solubility, photostability, ease of surface modification, strongly enhanced absorption in near-infrared (NIR) regions, target specificity, minimal invasiveness, fast recovery, and prevention of damage to normal tissues...
April 18, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
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