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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245098/the-pit-bull-attack-causing-limb-threatening-vascular-trauma-a-case-series
#1
Patrick Harnarayan, Shariful Islam, Christi Ramsingh, Vijay Naraynsingh
INTRODUCTION: Non-fatal human dog bites are commonplace amongst animal attacks on human beings and these present with mainly skin and soft tissue injuries. However, they can also present with life threatening head and neck injuries, massive soft tissue trauma, as well as combined orthopedic and vascular extremity injuries where a high possibility of limb loss exists. PRESENTATION OF CASES: We present two adult dog bite victims with multiple bites inflicted by large canines identified as Pit-Bull Terriers...
December 8, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245001/management-of-the-maxillary-diastema-by-various-dental-specialties
#2
Bryan Wheeler, Caroline K Carrico, Bhavna Shroff, Tegman Brickhouse, Daniel M Laskin
PURPOSE: There is considerable controversy in the literature concerning the indications for frenectomy for treating a maxillary diastema and for timing of the procedure. The purpose of this study was to survey pediatric dentists, orthodontists, and oral and maxillofacial surgeons on their opinion of this matter to develop a consensus. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An anonymous 7-item electronic questionnaire was sent to members of the American Academy of Pediatric Dentists, the American Association of Orthodontists, and the American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons asking about the etiology of the maxillary diastema, its diagnosis, and treatment...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243242/cross-sectional-survey-of-health-management-and-prevalence-of-vector-borne-diseases-endoparasites-and-ectoparasites-in-samoan-dogs
#3
R J Carslake, K E Hill, K Sjölander, S F Hii, D Prattley, E Acke
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of selected canine vector-borne diseases (Leishmania infantum, Anaplasma spp., Ehrlichia canis, Borrelia burgdorferi and Dirofilaria immitis) and endo- and ectoparasites in Samoan dogs presenting for surgical sterilisation and to report on the general health management of the dogs. METHODS: This study was a prospective serological cross-sectional survey. Management data were obtained for 242 dogs by interview with their owners...
December 2017: Australian Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242220/genome-sequence-analysis-of-a-g2p-4-group-a-rotavirus-strain-with-an-unusual-canine-origin-nsp1-a15-genotype
#4
Chung-Chan Lee, Shih-Yen Chen, Chi-Neu Tsai, Cheng-Hsun Chiu
Here, we disclose the complete genomic sequence of a rare rotavirus group A G2P[4]-I2-R2-C2-M2-A15-N2-T2-E2-H2 strain detected in a fecal specimen from a rotaviral acute gastroenteritis patient who had previously received the Rotarix vaccine.
December 14, 2017: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241405/cell-clusters-are-indicative-of-stem-cell-activity-in-the-degenerate-intervertebral-disc-can-their-properties-be-manipulated-to-improve-intrinsic-repair-of-the-disc
#5
Sharon Brown, Ajay Matta, William Mark Erwin, Sally Roberts, Helen H Gruber, Edward N Hanley, Christopher B Little, James Melrose
The aim of this study was to examine the complexity of the stem cell populations in the intervertebral disc (IVD) and understand their role in disc degeneration with a view to determining whether the resident stem cells could be developed for therapeutic purposes to combat IVD degeneration. Stem cells have been isolated from disc and paradiscal tissues including the notochord, annulus fibrosus (AF), nucleus pulposus (NP), cartilaginous endplate (CEP), ligamentum flavum and vertebral body. Resident AF and NP cells are relatively sparsely distributed occuring as single or occasional doublet cells surrounded by an extensive extracellular matrix (ECM)...
December 14, 2017: Stem Cells and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241366/accuracy-of-dental-development-for-estimating-the-pubertal-growth-spurt-in-comparison-to-skeletal-development-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
Marcos Av Bittencourt, Graziela O Cericato, Ademir Franco, Rafaela S Girão, Anderson Pb Lima, Luiz R Paranhos
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to search for scientific evidence concerning the accuracy of dental development for estimating the pubertal growth spurt. METHODS: It was conducted according to the statements of PRISMA. An electronic search was performed in six databases, including the grey literature. The PICOS strategy was used to define the eligibility criteria and only observational studies were selected. RESULTS: Out of 1,416 identified citations, ten papers fulfilled the criteria and were included in this systematic review...
December 15, 2017: Dento Maxillo Facial Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240208/effect-of-different-intraradicular-posts-on-the-color-of-the-buccal-gingiva-at-teeth-restored-with-zirconia-crowns
#7
Karin Wolleb Torrisi, Goran I Benic, Irena Sailer, Christoph Hf Hämmerle
The purpose of this study was to test whether prosthetic treatment with different intraradicular posts influences the color of the buccal gingiva at teeth restored with zirconia crowns. A total of 31 patients in need of a full-coverage single crown at an endodontically treated premolar, canine, or incisor in the maxilla or the mandible were included. The patients were randomly assigned to receive composite build-ups using titanium (Ti), zirconia (Zi), or glass-fiber (Gf) posts or a build-up using no post at all (NP)...
January 2018: International Journal of Periodontics & Restorative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239479/investigating-canine-elbow-joint-stabilisation-through-mechanical-constraints-of-the-deep-fascia-and-other-soft-tissues
#8
Timothy E Chong, Helen M S Davies
The objective of this research was to investigate how the range of flexion and extension of the canine elbow joint is constrained by the mechanical connections and attachments of soft tissue structures. The skin, a section of deep fascia and several muscles from both forelimbs from six adult greyhounds and seven other breeds were sequentially transected or removed, over 13 steps. During each step, repeated measurements of elbow flexion and extension were recorded using a goniometer. Only marginally significant changes to the range of flexion occurred in any of the 13 steps or overall for the greyhounds...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239119/a-retrospective-review-of-acute-myeloid-leukaemia-in-35-dogs-diagnosed-by-a-combination-of-morphologic-findings-flow-cytometric-immunophenotyping-and-cytochemical-staining-results-2007-2015
#9
L L Davis, K R Hume, T Stokol
Acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) is an uncommon, rapidly progressive neoplasm in dogs. The aim of this retrospective study was to characterize the clinical presentation, haematologic findings, diagnostic imaging results, treatment and survival time of a contemporary cohort of dogs with AML. Diagnosis was based on >20% blasts in bone marrow or blood identified as myeloid based on morphologic findings, flow cytometric immunophenotyping and cytochemical staining. Medical records of 35 dogs diagnosed with AML from 2007 to 2015 were included...
December 14, 2017: Veterinary and Comparative Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239110/association-of-prognostic-features-and-treatment-on-survival-time-of-dogs-with-systemic-mastocytosis-a-retrospective-analysis-of-40-dogs
#10
S J Moirano, S F Lima, K R Hume, E M Brodsky
Systemic mastocytosis is a rare phenomenon, with limited information regarding prognostic features and effective treatment of canine patients with this disease. The objective of this study is to determine the impact of certain features and treatments on dogs with systemic mastocytosis. The medical records of 40 dogs from 4 northeastern US veterinary hospitals, with evidence of systemic mast cell disease, were evaluated retrospectively. Variables analysed with relation to overall survival and prognostic significance included treatment protocol used, substage, presence of a cutaneous or visceral tumour, presence of multiple cutaneous Mast cell tumours, grade of the primary tumour and metastatic site(s)...
December 14, 2017: Veterinary and Comparative Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238611/structural-basis-for-nucleotide-modulated-p97-association-with-the-er-membrane
#11
Wai Kwan Tang, Ting Zhang, Yihong Ye, Di Xia
Association of the cytosolic AAA (ATPases associated with various cellular activities) protein p97 to membranes is essential for various cellular processes including endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-associated degradation. The p97 consists of two ATPase domains and an N domain that interacts with numerous cofactors. The N domain of p97 is known to undergo a large nucleotide-dependent conformation switch, but its physiological relevance is unclear. Here we show p97 is recruited to canine ER membranes predominantly by interacting with VCP-interacting membrane protein (VIMP), an ER-resident protein...
2017: Cell Discovery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238380/static-and-kinetic-frictional-forces-of-silica-insert-ceramic-brackets-with-coated-archwires-in-artificial-saliva
#12
Mostafa Shahabi, Soheil Salari, Maryam Poosti, Mostafa Abtahi
Background: During sliding mechanics, the frictional force (FF) is an important counterforce to orthodontic tooth movement. The purpose of this in vitro study was to investigate the static and kinetic FFs of S silica-insert ceramic (SIC) brackets with Teflon-coated (TC) and conventional S stainless steel (SS) archwires. Materials and Methods: The target group of this study included 80 maxillary canine 0.022 inch slot SIC brackets. Forty SS brackets were used as the control...
November 2017: Dental Research Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237458/cellular-effects-of-a-turmeric-root-and-rosemary-leaf-extract-on-canine-neoplastic-cell-lines
#13
Corri B Levine, Julie Bayle, Vincent Biourge, Joseph J Wakshlag
BACKGROUND: The use of nutraceuticals is gaining in popularity in human and canine oncology with a relatively limited understanding of the effects in the vastly different tumor types seen in canine oncology. We have previously shown that turmeric root (TE) and rosemary leaf (RE) extracts can work synergistically to reduce neoplastic cell growth, but the mechanisms are poorly understood and require further elucidation. RESULTS: Three different canine cell lines (C2 mastocytoma, and CMT-12 mammary carcinoma, D17 osteosarcoma) were treated with 6...
December 13, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236338/inflammatory-cytokine-and-c-reactive-protein-concentrations-in-dogs-with-systemic-inflammatory-response-syndrome
#14
Kris Gommeren, Isabelle Desmas, Alexandra Garcia, Natalie Bauer, Andreas Moritz, Joachim Roth, Dominique Peeters
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate C-reactive protein (CRP), interleukin 6 (IL-6), and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) kinetics in dogs with a systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) presented to an emergency service. We hypothesized serum CRP concentrations would increase and vary during hospitalization, and would correlate with plasma IL-6 and TNF-α concentrations, vary in magnitude according to the underlying disease, and predict survival. DESIGN: Prospective, observational, clinical study...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236084/phylodynamic-and-genetic-diversity-of-canine-parvovirus-type-2c-in-taiwan
#15
Yung-Cheng Lin, Shu-Yun Chiang, Hung-Yi Wu, Jih-Hui Lin, Ming-Tang Chiou, Hsin-Fu Liu, Chao-Nan Lin
Canine parvovirus type 2c (CPV-2c) emerged in 2000 and is known for causing a more severe disease than other CPV-2 variants in puppies. In 2015, the emerging CPV-2c variant was isolated in Taiwan and it subsequently became the predominant variant. To trace the evolution of Taiwanese CPV-2c, we compared complete VP2 genes of CPV-2c from Taiwan and sequences obtained from GenBank. The evolutionary rate of CPV-2c was estimated to be 4.586 × 10-4 substitutions per site per year (95% highest posterior density (HPD) was 3...
December 13, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235249/anticancer-effects-of-resveratrol-in-canine-hemangiosarcoma-cell-lines
#16
A Carlson, K S Alderete, M K O Grant, D M Seelig, L C Sharkey, B N M Zordoky
Hemangiosarcoma (HSA) is a highly malignant tumour with aggressive biological behaviour. HSAs are more common in dogs than other domestic animals. The median survival time of dogs with HSA remains short, even with chemotherapy and surgery. Therefore, there is a critical need to improve the adjuvant chemotherapeutic regimens to improve clinical outcomes in dogs with HSA. Resveratrol has been shown to possess strong anti-proliferative and/or pro-apoptotic properties in human cancer cell lines. Nevertheless, the potential anticancer effects of resveratrol have not been reported in canine HSAs...
December 13, 2017: Veterinary and Comparative Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235201/assessment-of-bone-dimensions-in-the-anterior-maxilla-a-cone-beam-computed-tomography-study
#17
Sandra AlTarawneh, Abeer AlHadidi, Ahmad As Hamdan, Murad Shaqman, Emad Habib
PURPOSE: To evaluate labial and palatal bone thickness at the maxillary anterior teeth as well as distance from cemento-enamel junction (CEJ) to bone crest using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Measurements were obtained for maxillary anterior teeth of 120 subject CBCT volumes including thickness of labial and palatal plates of bone (coronal, middle, and apical thirds), and distance between CEJ and alveolar bone crest mid-labially, mesially, and distally...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234740/gender-influence-on-the-number-of-roots-and-root-canal-system-configuration-in-human-permanent-teeth-of-a-portuguese-subpopulation
#18
Jorge N R Martins, Duarte Marques, Helena Francisco, João Caramês
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate in vivo, using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT), the differences between genders regarding the number of roots and root canal morphology. METHOD AND MATERIALS: An existing CBCT scan database was accessed and the scans were divided in two groups according to gender. Tooth inclusion and exclusion criteria were applied. The examined teeth were classified according to the number of roots, and the root canal system was classified according to Vertucci classification...
December 11, 2017: Quintessence International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234500/moving-from-information-and-collaboration-to-action-report-from-the-3rd-international-dog-health-workshop-paris-in-april-2017
#19
Dan G O'Neill, Sylvia F A Keijser, Åke Hedhammar, Caroline Kisko, Gregoire Leroy, Aimée Llewellyn-Zaidi, Sofia Malm, Patricia N Olson, Rowena M A Packer, Jean Francois Rousselot, Ian J Seath, Jason W Stull, Brenda N Bonnett
Background: Breed-related health problems in dogs have received increased focus over the last decade. Responsibility for causing and/or solving these problems has been variously directed towards dog breeders and kennel clubs, the veterinary profession, welfare scientists, owners, regulators, insurance companies and the media. In reality, all these stakeholders are likely to share some responsibility and optimal progress on resolving these challenges requires all key stakeholders to work together...
2017: Canine Genetics and Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233724/caprine-neonatal-spinal-ultrasonography
#20
Elham A Hassan, Khaled M Ali, Faisal A Torad
Spinal ultrasonography is a safe, rapid, and non-invasive diagnostic tool that allows visualization of the spinal cord and its surrounding meninges. The non-ossified spinous processes were used as an acoustic window for imaging the spinal cord in human and canine neonates. No available literatures have been published describing the ultrasonographic appearance of caprine neonatal spinal cord. The present study was performed on 20 one day-old goat kids. Sagittal and transverse ultrasound scans were obtained using 8MHz linear transducer...
December 9, 2017: International Journal of Developmental Neuroscience
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