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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926913/effect-of-rheumatoid-arthritis-on-strength-dexterity-coordination-and-functional-status-of-the-hand-the-relationship-with-magnetic-resonance-imaging-findings
#1
Asiye Mukaddes Erol, Esma Ceceli, Selma Uysal Ramadan, Pınar Borman
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) on strength, dexterity, coordination and functional status of the hand and to determine the relation with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty eight patients with RA and thirty three controls were included in the study. There were five drop-outs in RA group. Pain was assessed by visual analog scale. Painful and swollen joints of the dominant hand were recorded. Hand deformities of the patients were noted...
November 23, 2016: Acta Reumatológica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925591/kinesthetic-feedback-during-2dof-wrist-movements-via-a-novel-mr-compatible-robot
#2
Andrew Erwin, Marcia O'Malley, David Ress, Fabrizio Sergi
We demonstrate the interaction control capabilities of the MR-SoftWrist, a novel MR-compatible robot capable of applying accurate kinesthetic feedback to wrist pointing movements executed during fMRI. The MR-SoftWrist, based on a novel design that combines parallel piezoelectric actuation with compliant force feedback, is capable of delivering 1.5 N·m of torque to the wrist of an interacting subject about the flexion/extension and radial/ulnar axes. The robot workspace, defined by admissible wrist rotation angles, fully includes a circle with a 20 deg radius...
December 1, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925428/measuring-sedentary-behaviours-in-patients-with-idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis-using-wrist-worn-accelerometers
#3
Chris Atkins, Mark Baxter, Andrew Jones, Andrew Wilson
Introduction - Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) patients suffer increasing functional limitation with disease worsening disease. Increasing time in sedentary behaviour has been associated with poorer quality of life. Determining thresholds for activity in patients with respiratory disease is difficult due to variable cardiorespiratory limitations between individuals. Measuring sedentary behaviour is not confounded by this limitation and may be a better measurement of activity in patients with respiratory disease...
December 7, 2016: Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923662/task-specificity-of-unilateral-anodal-and-dual-m1-tdcs-effects-on-motor-learning
#4
Sophia Karok, David Fletcher, Alice G Witney
Task-specific effects of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) on motor learning were investigated in 30 healthy participants. In a sham-controlled, mixed design, participants trained on 3 different motor tasks (Purdue Pegboard Test, Visuomotor Grip Force Tracking Task and Visuomotor Wrist Rotation Speed Control Task) over 3 consecutive days while receiving either unilateral anodal over the right primary motor cortex (M1), dual-M1 or sham stimulation. Retention sessions were administered 7 and 28 days after the end of training...
December 3, 2016: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923435/a-single-arm-pilot-trial-of-brief-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-insomnia-in-adolescents-with-physical-and-psychiatric-comorbidities
#5
Tonya M Palermo, Sarah Beals-Erickson, Maggie Bromberg, Emily Law, Maida Chen
STUDY OBJECTIVES: The majority of adolescents with chronic insomnia have physical health or psychiatric comorbidities; insomnia is also associated with greater negative daytime symptoms (e.g., depressive symptoms) and reduced overall health-related quality of life (HRQOL). However, to date, there has been limited attention to treatment of insomnia in this population. The purpose of this study was to determine the preliminary efficacy of a brief cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBT-I) intervention on sleep, psychological symptoms, and HRQOL outcomes in adolescents with insomnia and co-occurring physical or psychiatric comorbidities...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923432/awakenings-patient-and-hospital-staff-perceptions-of-nighttime-disruptions-and-their-effect-on-patient-sleep
#6
Mila N Grossman, Samantha L Anderson, Aelaf Worku, William Marsack, Nimit Desai, Ambrosio Tuvilleja, Jacqueline Ramos, Mary Ann Francisco, Cynthia Lafond, Jay S Balachandran, Babak Mokhlesi, Jeanne M Farnan, David O Meltzer, Vineet M Arora
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Although important to recovery, sleeping in the hospital is difficult because of disruptions. Understanding how patients, hospital physicians, and nurses perceive sleep disruptions and identifying which disruptions are associated with objective sleep loss can help target improvement initiatives. METHODS: Patients and hospital staff completed the Potential Hospital Sleep Disruptions and Noises Questionnaire (PHSDNQ). Cutoff points were defined based on means, and responses were dichotomized...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922918/real-time-fatigue-and-free-living-physical-activity-in-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-cancer-survivors-and-healthy-controls-a-preliminary-examination-of-the-temporal-dynamic-relationship
#7
Eileen Danaher Hacker, Inah Kim, Chang Park, Tara Peters
BACKGROUND: Fatigue and physical inactivity, critical problems facing cancer survivors, impact overall health and functioning. Our group designed a novel methodology to evaluate the temporal, dynamic patterns in real-world settings. OBJECTIVE: Using real-time technology, the temporal, dynamic relationship between real-time fatigue and free-living is described and compared in cancer survivors who were treated with hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (n = 25) and age- and gender-matched healthy controls (n = 25)...
December 5, 2016: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921157/assessment-of-pisotriquetral-misalignment-with-magnetic-resonance-imaging-is-it-associated-with-trauma
#8
Hee-Dong Chae, Hye Jin Yoo, Sung Hwan Hong, Ja-Young Choi, Heung Sik Kang
OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to determine whether there is an association between pisotriquetral (PT) malalignment and acute distal radius fracture by using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). METHODS: We evaluated 138 patients who underwent 3-T MRI of the wrists. Group A comprised 85 patients with acute distal radius fracture, and group B comprised 53 patients without trauma. PT interval and angle and pisiform excursion were measured on oblique axial and sagittal multiplanar reformats...
December 5, 2016: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921093/evaluation-of-a-novel-semi-automated-ultrasound-system-for-the-detection-of-synovitis-a-prospective-study-involving-45-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis
#9
M Witt, J Frielinghausen, R Mueller, F Mueller, F Proft, H Schulze-Koops, M Grunke, D-A Clevert
Background: Arthrosonography has proven to be more sensitive and reliable for the detection of synovitis than clinical examination, but a comprehensive examination of small joints is time-consuming. The automated breast volume scanner (ABVS) has been developed to allow automatic and reproducible series of consecutive B-mode pictures of the female breast. Objectives: To analyze the comparability of ABVS and conventional manual ultrasonography (mUS) for the detection of synovitis in hands and feet of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA)...
November 2016: Ultrasound International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921071/validation-of-automatic-joint-space-width-measurements-in-hand-radiographs-in-rheumatoid-arthritis
#10
Olga Schenk, Yinghe Huo, Koen L Vincken, Mart A van de Laar, Ina H H Kuper, Kees C H Slump, Floris P J G Lafeber, Hein J Bernelot Moens
Computerized methods promise quick, objective, and sensitive tools to quantify progression of radiological damage in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Measurement of joint space width (JSW) in finger and wrist joints with these systems performed comparable to the Sharp-van der Heijde score (SHS). A next step toward clinical use, validation of precision and accuracy in hand joints with minimal damage, is described with a close scrutiny of sources of error. A recently developed system to measure metacarpophalangeal (MCP) and proximal interphalangeal (PIP) joints was validated in consecutive hand images of RA patients...
October 2016: Journal of Medical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919502/motor-fatigability-after-low-intensity-hand-grip-exercises-in-persons-with-multiple-sclerosis
#11
Deborah Severijns, Mieke Lemmens, Ronald Thoelen, Peter Feys
INTRODUCTION: During maximal, sustained contractions, persons with multiple sclerosis (PwMS) show higher motor fatigability in comparison with healthy persons. It is not known if motor fatigability is also different between PwMS and healthy persons during low-intensity exercises. Thus, the aim of this study was to determine the difference in hand grip fatigability between healthy persons and PwMS for both hands during low-intensity hand grip exercises. METHODS: 19 PwMS and 19 healthy controls performed 18min of hand grip exercises at a maximum of 25% of the maximal voluntary strength, with an electronic hand dynamometer...
November 2016: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919200/bony-ankylosis-of-the-facet-joint-of-the-cervical-spine-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-its-characteristics-and-relationship-to-the-clinical-findings
#12
Haku Iizuka, Yoichi Iizuka, Koichi Okamura, Yukio Yonemoto, Tokue Mieda, Kenji Takagishi
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to clarify the characteristics of bony ankylosis of the facet joint of the cervical spine in RA patients who required cervical spine surgery, and its relationship to the clinical findings. METHODS: Eighty consecutive RA patients with cervical spine disorder who received initial surgery were reviewed. The occurrence of bony ankylosis of the facet joint of the cervical spine was investigated using computed tomography (CT) before surgery...
December 6, 2016: Modern Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917817/risk-factors-associated-with-work-related-musculoskeletal-disorders-in-dentistry
#13
Sinem Bozkurt, Nesrin Demirsoy, Zafer Günendi
PURPOSE: To evaluate musculoskeletal system-related complaints; identify regions at risk in dentists by observing and inquiring the dentists at work; and find out the associations with age, sex, working years, academic position and departments, positions during work and daily working hours. METHODS: Modified Nordic Questionnaire (m-nMQ) was used to evaluate pain, hospital admissions and absenteeism. Quick Exposure Check (QEC) form was utilized to assess risk exposure levels related with low-back, neck, hand-wrist and shoulder-arm...
December 1, 2016: Clinical and Investigative Medicine. Médecine Clinique et Experimentale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917687/a-long-term-20-years-follow-up-after-arthroscopically-assisted-repair-of-the-tfcc
#14
Endre Soreide, Torstein Husby, Jan Ragnar Haugstvedt
OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to assess long-term functional outcome for patients after arthroscopic assisted suture for peripheral tears of the triangular fibrocartilage complex (TFCC). METHODS: Eleven patients, 26 (15-59) years old at time of surgery, 48 (35-78) years old at time of follow-up, were available for this 20-year follow-up. Subjective and objective outcomes, such as range of motion, grip strength, patients' satisfaction, pain, and Mayo Modified Wrist Score, were assessed, as well as asking the question if the patients would have had the surgery done again, knowing the outcome, based on a clinical examination and patient reported questionnaires...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916912/sleep-in-a-gymnasium-a-study-to-examine-the-psychophysiological-and-environmental-conditions-in-shelter-analogue-settings
#15
Koh Mizuno, Kazue Okamoto-Mizuno, Motoko Tanabe, Katsuko Niwano
We aimed to examine sleep in shelter-analogue settings to determine the sleep and environmental conditions in evacuation shelters. A summer social/educational event was conducted in an elementary school, wherein children and their parents (n = 109) spent one night in the school gymnasium; a total of 15 children and 7 adults completed the study. Data were recording using wrist actigraphy and questionnaires, from two days before the event to two days after the event. During the night in the gymnasium, sleep initiation in the children was found to be significantly delayed, whereas adults did not show any significant change in actigraphic sleep parameters...
November 30, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916374/transfer-and-priming-of-surgical-skills-across-minimally-invasive-surgical-platforms
#16
Ahmed Zihni, Tianjia Ge, Shuddhadeb Ray, Robert Wang, Zhe Liang, Jaime A Cavallo, Michael M Awad
BACKGROUND: Robot-assisted laparoscopic surgery (RALS) uses 3-dimensional visualization and wristed instruments that provide more degrees of freedom than rigid traditional laparoscopic (TLS) instrumentation. These features have been touted to improve accuracy and efficiency during surgical task performance. Little is known, however, about the transferability of skills between the two platforms or whether task performance on one platform primes surgeons for task performance on the other...
November 2016: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916338/efficacy-of-a-forearm-band-in-addition-to-exercises-compared-with-exercises-alone-for-lateral-epicondylitis-a-multicenter-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Takanobu Nishizuka, Katsuyuki Iwatsuki, Shigeru Kurimoto, Michiro Yamamoto, Hitoshi Hirata
BACKGROUND: A forearm band is frequently used for lateral epicondylitis worldwide. However, evidence regarding its efficacy has been insufficient. The objective of this prospective, randomized, controlled trial was to analyze the effects of a forearm band for treatment of lateral epicondylitis at 1, 3, 6, and 12 months. METHODS: Patients with lateral epicondylitis were randomly allocated into a band (n = 55) or non-band (n = 55) group. Patients in the band group were instructed to wear a forearm band for more than 6 h daily for at least 6 months...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915335/network-meta-analysis-of-pharmacological-agents-for-osteoporosis-treatment-and-fracture-prevention
#18
Xu-Cheng Yang, Zhen-Han Deng, Ting Wen, Wei Luo, Wen-Feng Xiao, Rui-Bo Zhao, Yu-Sheng Li
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Osteoporosis afflicts a large number of populations in the world and is featured by systemic impairment of bone mass and strength which may further trigger an increase in the risk of fragile fractures. This network meta-analysis (NMA) is designed to distinguish therapies more preferable than others with respect to efficacy and safety. METHODS: We searched the medical literature for relevant studies systematically. Both direct and indirect evidence were synthesized to compare the efficacy, described by odds ratios (OR) and 95% credible intervals (CrI)...
December 5, 2016: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914595/intra-articular-injection-in-patients-with-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-factors-associated-with-a-good-response
#19
Ana Luiza Garcia Cunha, Vanessa Bugni Miotto E Silva, Fabiane Mitie Osaku, Luísa Brasil Niemxeski, Rita Nely Vilar Furtado, Jamil Natour, Maria Teresa de Sande, Lemos Ramos Ascensão Terreri
INTRODUCTION: Intra-articular injection of corticosteroids (IIC) for treatment of patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) is increasingly used in Pediatric Rheumatology. OBJECTIVES: To describe the clinical course of patients undergoing IIC in our Pediatric Rheumatology Unit. METHODS: Retrospective study of patients with JIA undergoing IIC from January 2008 to December 2012, with a minimum follow-up of six months after the injection...
November 2016: Revista Brasileira de Reumatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912863/circadian-rhythm-and-sleep-during-prolonged-antarctic-residence-at-chinese-zhongshan-station
#20
Nan Chen, Quan Wu, Yanlei Xiong, Guang Chen, Dandan Song, Chengli Xu
OBJECTIVE: Residence at Zhongshan Station (69°22'24″S, 76°22'40″E) for over 1 year exposes winter-over members to marked changes of light-dark cycle, ranging from the constant daylight of polar days to the constant darkness of polar nights, in addition to geographic and social isolation. This extreme photoperiodic environment may increase the risk of sleep disturbances and circadian desynchrony. The aim of this study was to investigate the circadian rhythm and sleep phase of Chinese winter-over expeditioners at Zhongshan Station...
December 2016: Wilderness & Environmental Medicine
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