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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317947/parietal-operculum-and-motor-cortex-activities-predict-motor-recovery-in-moderate-to-severe-stroke
#1
Firdaus Fabrice Hannanu, Thomas A Zeffiro, Laurent Lamalle, Olivier Heck, Félix Renard, Antoine Thuriot, Alexandre Krainik, Marc Hommel, Olivier Detante, Assia Jaillard
While motor recovery following mild stroke has been extensively studied with neuroimaging, mechanisms of recovery after moderate to severe strokes of the types that are often the focus for novel restorative therapies remain obscure. We used fMRI to: 1) characterize reorganization occurring after moderate to severe subacute stroke, 2) identify brain regions associated with motor recovery and 3) to test whether brain activity associated with passive movement measured in the subacute period could predict motor outcome six months later...
2017: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317815/tuberculosis-of-the-wrist-in-children-a-rare-manifestation
#2
El Mouhtadi Aghoutane, Tarik Salama, Redouane El Fezazi
Tuberculosis (TB) is still endemic in many developing countries. Involvement of wrist joint is very rare, and the diagnosis is often missed. We present a case of isolated TB of the wrist, which was confirmed with intraosseous tissue histopathological examination in a 10-year-old boy. Antibacterial chemotherapy during 12 months promoted healing and good outcome.
January 2017: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316918/an-evaluation-of-craniofacial-growth-pattern-in-north-indian-children
#3
Vivek Mehta, R K Pandey
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess craniofacial growth pattern in children with generalized decreased skeletal age and compare it with the children having normal skeletal age. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Lateral cephalograms and hand wrist radiographs of 40 patients (age group 3-14 years) were taken and skeletal age assessment was done with hand wrist radiographs according to Greulich and Pyle, based on which two groups were made, Group A - Control group (normal skeletal age) and Group B - study group (decreased skeletal age)...
January 2017: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314707/biometrics-and-policing-a-protocol-for-multichannel-sensor-data-collection-and-exploratory-analysis-of-contextualized-psychophysiological-response-during-law-enforcement-operations
#4
Robert D Furberg, Travis Taniguchi, Brian Aagaard, Alexa M Ortiz, Meghan Hegarty-Craver, Kristin H Gilchrist, Ty A Ridenour
BACKGROUND: Stress experienced by law enforcement officers is often extreme and is in many ways unique among professions. Although past research on officer stress is informative, it is limited, and most studies measure stress using self-report questionnaires or observational studies that have limited generalizability. We know of no research studies that have attempted to track direct physiological stress responses in high fidelity, especially within an operational police setting. The outcome of this project will have an impact on both practitioners and policing researchers...
March 17, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306692/carpal-tunnel-syndrome-grading-using-high-resolution-ultrasonography
#5
Hala R El Habashy, Reem A El Hadidy, Sandra M Ahmed, Basma B El Sayed, Aya S Ahmed
PURPOSE: Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is a common entrapment neuropathy of the wrist. The diagnosis of CTS has been a concern for physicians for a long time. The aim of this study is to evaluate the use of the median nerve (MN) cross-sectional area (CSA) in the wrist compared with the CSA in the forearm to grade the severity of CTS in Egyptian patients. METHODS: The CSAs of the MN in the wrist and forearm were measured in 72 wrists that were diagnosed with CTS via nerve conduction studies and 80 healthy wrists...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Publication of the American Electroencephalographic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306196/flexible-sensing-electronics-for-wearable-attachable-health-monitoring
#6
REVIEW
Xuewen Wang, Zheng Liu, Ting Zhang
Wearable or attachable health monitoring smart systems are considered to be the next generation of personal portable devices for remote medicine practices. Smart flexible sensing electronics are components crucial in endowing health monitoring systems with the capability of real-time tracking of physiological signals. These signals are closely associated with body conditions, such as heart rate, wrist pulse, body temperature, blood/intraocular pressure and blood/sweat bio-information. Monitoring such physiological signals provides a convenient and non-invasive way for disease diagnoses and health assessments...
March 17, 2017: Small
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303299/glomangiomatosis-of-the-sciatic-nerve-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#7
Rajendra Kumar, Lisa Vu, John E Madewell, Cynthia E Herzog, Justin E Bird
Glomus tumors are hamartomas, which tend to occur in sites rich in glomus bodies, such as the subungual regions of digits or the deep dermis of the palm, wrist, forearm, and foot. Very rarely, they may involve peripheral nerves. We describe a patient, who, following surgical resection of a solitary glomus tumor of the left distal sciatic nerve in his teens, had recurrence with development of multiple tumors in the course of the nerve over several years. To our knowledge, this is the only known case of glomangiomatosis involving a major peripheral nerve...
March 17, 2017: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302596/estimating-accuracy-at-exercise-intensities-a-comparative-study-of-self-monitoring-heart-rate-and-physical-activity-wearable-devices
#8
Erin E Dooley, Natalie M Golaszewski, John B Bartholomew
BACKGROUND: Physical activity tracking wearable devices have emerged as an increasingly popular method for consumers to assess their daily activity and calories expended. However, whether these wearable devices are valid at different levels of exercise intensity is unknown. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to examine heart rate (HR) and energy expenditure (EE) validity of 3 popular wrist-worn activity monitors at different exercise intensities. METHODS: A total of 62 participants (females: 58%, 36/62; nonwhite: 47% [13/62 Hispanic, 8/62 Asian, 7/62 black/ African American, 1/62 other]) wore the Apple Watch, Fitbit Charge HR, and Garmin Forerunner 225...
March 16, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300929/oculoectodermal-syndrome-twentieth-described-case-with-new-manifestations
#9
Daniela de Almeida Figueiras, Deborah Maria de Castro Barbosa Leal, Valter Kozmhinsky, Marina Coutinho Domingues Querino, Marina Genesia da Silva Regueira, Maria Gabriela de Morais Studart
Oculoectodermal syndrome is a rare disease characterized by the association of aplasia cutis congenita, epibulbar dermoids, and other abnormalities. This report describes the twentieth case of the disease. We report a 4-year-old female child who presented with the classical features of the syndrome: aplasia cutis congenita and epibulbar dermoids. Our case expands the clinical spectrum of the disease to include: diffuse hyperpigmentation (some following the Blaschko´s lines); hypopigmented skin areas on the trunk; arachnoid cyst on the right fronto-parietal border; rounded left side of the hippocampus; and dermoid cyst underlying the bulb-medullary transition...
September 2016: Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300913/acral-papular-mucinosis-a-new-case-of-this-rare-entity
#10
María Encarnación Gómez Sánchez, Fernando de Manueles Marcos, Maria Luisa Martínez Martínez, Roberto Vera Berón, Jose Manuel Azaña Défez
Acral persistent papular mucinosis (APPM) is a rare subtype of localized lichen myxedematosus. It consists of small papules localized exclusively on the back of the hands, wrists and extensor aspects of distal forearms with no other clinical or laboratory manifestations. The lesions tend to persist and may increase slowly in number. Histologically, hematoxylin-eosin and Alcian blue staining demonstrate mucin accumulation in the upper reticular dermis with separation of collagen fibers as a result of hyaluronic acid deposition...
September 2016: Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300885/chemical-leukoderma-induced-by-dimethyl-sulfate
#11
Maya Valeska Gozali, Jia-An Zhang, Fei Yi, Bing-Rong Zhou, Dan Luo
Chemical leukoderma occurs due to the toxic effect of a variety of chemical agents. Mechanisms include either destruction or inhibition of melanocytes. We report two male patients (36 and 51 years old) who presented with multiple hypopigmented macules and patches on the neck, wrist, and legs after exposure to dimethyl sulfate in a chemical industry. Physical examination revealed irregular depigmentation macules with sharp edges and clear hyperpigmentation around the lesions. History of repeated exposure to a chemical agent can help the clinical diagnosis of chemical leukoderma...
September 2016: Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299334/evidence-for-startle-effects-due-to-externally-induced-lower-limb-movements-implications-in-neurorehabilitation
#12
Juan M Castellote, Markus Kofler, Andreas Mayr, Leopold Saltuari
Passive limb displacement is routinely used to assess muscle tone. If we attempt to quantify muscle stiffness using mechanical devices, it is important to know whether kinematic stimuli are able to trigger startle reactions. Whether kinematic stimuli are able to elicit a startle reflex and to accelerate prepared voluntary movements (StartReact effect) has not been studied extensively to date. Eleven healthy subjects were suspended in an exoskeleton and were exposed to passive left knee flexion (KF) at three intensities, occasionally replaced by fast right KF...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298847/subjective-symptoms-of-carpal-tunnel-syndrome-correlate-more-with-psychological-factors-than-electrophysiological-severity
#13
Firosh Khan, Abdulkhader Shehna, Sivaramakrishnan Ramesh, Kakkassery Sankaran Sandhya, Reji Paul
AIM: Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is the most common entrapment neuropathy and is one of the most common requests for electrodiagnosis. We aimed to note the relationship of subjective symptom severity of CTS, with objective electrophysiological severity and psychological status of patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: One hundred and forty-four consecutive patients of CTS referred to neurophysiology laboratory of a tertiary care hospital over 1 year were prospectively studied...
January 2017: Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298199/school-time-physical-activity-among-arab-elementary-school-children-in-qatar
#14
Lena Zimmo, Abdulaziz Farooq, Fuad Almudahka, Izzeldin Ibrahim, Mohamed Ghaith Al-Kuwari
BACKGROUND: Recent data from a self-administered questionnaire show that approximately 75% of school children in Qatar do not meet the daily recommended levels of physical activity (PA). Since children spend half of their waking hours in school, it is important to understand when and how much PA children accumulate during the school day. This study aimed to objectively assess school-time PA among elementary school children in Qatar and to determine association of PA with age, gender, body mass index (BMI) status, or day of the week...
March 15, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296780/type-iii-monteggia-fracture-with-posterior-interosseous-nerve-injury-in-a-child-a-case-report
#15
Jing Wang, Min Chen, Jiang Du
RATIONALE: Elbow injury in children by improper treatment or a delay of more than 3 weeks could lead to old unreduced Monteggia fracture, which are difficult to manage. Conservative or normal surgical methods usually fail. PATIENT CONCERNS: Herein, we present a 6-year-old boy with sustaining injury approximately 1 month to his left elbow. Activity in his elbow was restricted, and his ability to extend his wrist and fingers was impaired. DIAGNOSES: Type III Monteggia elbow fracture-dislocation consisting of radial head dislocation and malunion of the ulna associated with posterior interosseous nerve palsy were confirmed, which requiring surgical treatment...
March 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295921/earlier-and-greater-hand-pre-shaping-in-the-elderly-a-study-based-on-kinematic-analysis-of-reaching-movements-to-grasp-objects
#16
Yoshiki Tamaru, Yasuo Naito, Takashi Nishikawa
BACKGROUND: Elderly people are less able to manipulate objects skilfully than young adults. Although previous studies have examined age-related deterioration of hand movements with a focus on the phase after grasping objects, the changes in the reaching phase have not been studied thus far. We aimed to examine whether changes in hand shape patterns during the reaching phase of grasping movements differ between young adults and the elderly. METHODS: Ten healthy elderly adults and 10 healthy young adults were examined using the Simple Test for Evaluating Hand Functions and kinetic analysis of hand pre-shaping reach-to-grasp tasks...
March 9, 2017: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292254/impact-of-joint-involvement-on-patients-reported-outcomes-in-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#17
Chiara Tani, Linda Carli, Andrea Delle Sedie, Lucrezia Riente, Sabrina Vagnani, Rosaria Talarico, Alessandra Della Rossa, Chiara Baldini, Stefano Bombardieri, Marta Mosca
OBJECTIVE: Joint involvement is common among patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Aim of this work was to evaluate the correlation between the presence of joint involvement and patient-reported pain, perception of disease activity, general health and quality of life. METHODS: Fifty consecutive SLE patients were enrolled in the study. All patients underwent a complete clinical evaluation including a 44 joint count, in addition an ultrasound evaluation of joint involvement of hands and wrists was performed...
March 14, 2017: Current Rheumatology Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292199/high-resolution-mri-of-the-ulnar-and-radial-collateral-ligaments-of-the-wrist
#18
Taiki Nozaki, Wei Der Wu, Yasuhito Kaneko, Gregory Rafijah, Lily Yang, Dave Hitt, Hiroshi Yoshioka
Background Accurate diagnosis of injuries to the collateral ligaments of the wrist is technically challenging on MRI. Purpose To investigate usefulness of high-resolution two-dimensional (2D) and isotropic three-dimensional (3D) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for identifying and classifying the morphology of the ulnar and radial collateral ligaments (UCL and RCL) of the wrist. Material and Methods Thirty-seven participants were evaluated using 3T coronal 2D and isotropic 3D images by two radiologists independently...
January 1, 2017: Acta Radiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291522/fractures-and-dislocations-of-the-hand-in-polytrauma-patients-incidence-injury-pattern-and-functional-outcome
#19
Steven Ferree, Quirine M J van der Vliet, Mark van Heijl, Roderick M Houwert, Luke P H Leenen, Falco Hietbrink
INTRODUCTION: Injuries of the hand can cause significant functional impairment, diminished quality of life and delayed return to work. However, the incidence and functional outcome of hand injuries in polytrauma patients is currently unknown. The aim of this study was to determine the incidence, distribution and functional outcome of fractures and dislocation of the hand in polytrauma patients. METHODS: A single centre retrospective cohort study was performed at a level 1 trauma centre...
March 6, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291438/isokinetic-evaluation-of-wrist-muscle-strength-in-patients-of-carpal-tunnel-syndrome
#20
Mehmet Ağırman, Adnan Kara, Oğuz Durmuş, İlknur Saral, Engin Çakar
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to investigate the isokinetic characteristics of wrist strength in flexion, extension, supination, pronation, radial, and ulnar deviation in patients with moderate or severe carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Thirteen patients (23 hands) (2 males, 11 females; mean age 45 years; range 29 to 60 years) with moderate or severe CTS were compared to six healthy control subjects (12 hands) (2 males, 4 females; mean age 41 years; range 27 to 63 years) in this study, which was conducted between January 2016 and April 2016...
April 2017: Eklem Hastalıkları Ve Cerrahisi, Joint Diseases & related Surgery
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