keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Ace inhibitors and dose response

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720491/the-immunomodulatory-effects-of-the-enalapril-in-combination-with-benznidazole-during-acute-and-chronic-phases-of-the-experimental-infection-with-trypanosoma-cruzi
#1
Ana Luisa Junqueira Leite, Guilherme de Paula Costa, Laís Roquete Lopes, Ludmilla Walter Dos Reis Mota, Paula Melo de Abreu Vieira, André Talvani
Trypanosoma cruzi infection triggers a chronic inflammatory process responsible for the alterations in the extracellular matrix and functionality of the heart. The angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors affects T. cruzi in vitro surveillance and modulates in vivo some inflammatory mediators. In this study, we investigated the treatment with an ACE inhibitor (Enalapril) and the Benznidazole (Bz) in a single and combination therapies (CT) in C57BL/6 mice infected with VL-10 strain of the T. cruzi. Animals were treated during 20days with different doses of Bz (100, 80, 60mg/kg), Enalapril (25, 20, 15mg/kg) and their CT (100+25; 80+20; 60+15mg/kg) and euthanized at 30° (acute) and at 120° (chronic) days post infection...
July 15, 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695320/at1-and-at2-receptors-in-the-prelimbic-cortex-modulate-the-cardiovascular-response-evoked-by-acute-exposure-to-restraint-stress-in-rats
#2
Taíz F S Brasil, Aline Fassini, Fernando M Corrêa
The prelimbic cortex (PL) is an important structure in the neural pathway integrating stress responses. Brain angiotensin is involved in cardiovascular control and modulation of stress responses. Blockade of angiotensin receptors has been reported to reduce stress responses. Acute restraint stress (ARS) is a stress model, which evokes sustained blood pressure increase, tachycardia, and reduction in tail temperature. We therefore hypothesized that PL locally generated angiotensin and angiotensin receptors modulate stress autonomic responses...
July 10, 2017: Cellular and Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679681/acute-effects-of-angiotensin-converting-enzyme-inhibition-versus-angiotensin-ii-receptor-blockade-on-cardiac-sympathetic-activity-in-patients-with-heart-failure
#3
Eduardo R Azevedo, Susanna Mak, John S Floras, John D Parker
The beneficial effects of angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors and angiotensin II (AII) receptor antagonists in patients with heart failure secondary to reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) are felt to result from prevention of the adverse effects of AII on systemic afterload and renal homeostasis. However, AII can activate the sympathetic nervous system and part of the beneficial effects of ACE inhibitors and AII antagonists may result from their ability to inhibit such activation. We examined the acute effects of the ACE inhibitor captopril (25 mg, n = 9) and the AII receptor antagonist losartan (50 mg, n = 10) on hemodynamics as well as total body and cardiac norepinephrine spillover in patients with chronic HFrEF...
July 5, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587581/ace-phenotyping-as-a-guide-toward-personalized-therapy-with-ace-inhibitors
#4
Sergei M Danilov, Stan I Tovsky, David E Schwartz, Randal O Dull
BACKGROUND: Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors (ACEI) are widely used in the management of cardiovascular diseases but with significant interindividual variability in the patient's response. OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether interindividual variability in the response to ACE inhibitors is explained by the "ACE phenotype"-for example, variability in plasma ACE concentration, activity, and conformation and/or the degree of ACE inhibition in each individual...
July 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485264/effects-of-nwt-03-an-egg-protein-hydrolysate-on-blood-pressure-in-normotensive-high-normotensive-and-mild-hypertensive-men-and-women-a-dose-finding-study
#5
Jogchum Plat, Nadine Severins, Steve Morrison, Ronald P Mensink
Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors are important agents in blood pressure (BP) management. It was recently shown that the egg-protein hydrolysate NWT-03 inhibited ACE in Zucker diabetic fatty rats. We therefore designed a dose-finding study to assess the effects of 1, 2 and 5 g NWT-03 on daytime, 36-h, and night-time systolic and diastolic BP (SBP and DBP) in ninety-two generally healthy subjects with normal BP (n 29), high-normal BP (n 34) or mild hypertension (n 29). The study had a cross-over design with six treatment arms (1 g NWT-03 or placebo in period 1 and placebo or 1 g NWT-03 in period 2, 2 g NTW-03 or placebo in period 1 and placebo or 2 g NWT-03 in period 2, or 5 g NTW-03 or placebo in period 1 and placebo or 5 g NTW-03 in period 2)...
May 9, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379619/blood-pressure-lowering-efficacy-of-renin-inhibitors-for-primary-hypertension
#6
REVIEW
Vijaya M Musini, Kendra Ak Lawrence, Patricia M Fortin, Ken Bassett, James M Wright
BACKGROUND: Hypertension is a chronic condition associated with an increased risk of mortality and morbidity. Renin is the enzyme responsible for converting angiotensinogen to angiotensin I, which is then converted to angiotensin II. Renin inhibitors are a new class of drugs that decrease blood pressure (BP) by preventing the formation of both angiotensin I and angiotensin II. OBJECTIVES: To quantify the dose-related BP lowering efficacy of renin inhibitors compared to placebo in the treatment of primary hypertension...
April 5, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209920/effect-of-captopril-on-radiation-induced-tgf-%C3%AE-1-secretion-in-ea-hy926-human-umbilical-vein-endothelial-cells
#7
Jingni Wei, Hui Xu, Yinyin Liu, Baiyu Li, Fuxiang Zhou
The pathophysiological mechanism involved in the sustained endothelial secretion of cytokines that leads to fibrosis 6-16 months after radiotherapy remains unclear. Angiotensin II (Ang II) is produced by the endothelium in response to stressing stimuli, like radiation, and may induce the synthesis of TGF-β, a profibrotic cytokine. In this study we tested the hypothesis that captopril, an angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor, inhibits or attenuates radiation-induced endothelial TGF-β1 secretion. The human endothelial hybrid cell line EA...
March 28, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101033/maximizing-the-benefit-cost-ratio-of-anthracyclines-in-metastatic-breast-cancer-case-report-of-a-patient-with-a-complete-response-to-high-dose-doxorubicin
#8
Kevin Shee, Alan T Kono, Susan P D'Anna, Mark A Seltzer, Xiaoying Lu, Todd W Miller, Mary D Chamberlin
Despite the clinical efficacy of anthracycline agents such as doxorubicin, dose-limiting cardiac toxicities significantly limit their long-term use. Here, we present the case of a 33-year-old female patient with extensive metastatic ER+/PR+/HER2- mucinous adenocarcinoma of the breast, who was started on doxorubicin/cyclophosphamide therapy after progressing on paclitaxel and ovarian suppressor goserelin with aromatase inhibitor exemestane. The patient was comanaged by cardiology, who carefully monitored measures of cardiac function, including EKGs, serial echocardiograms, and profiling of lipids, troponin, and pro-BNP every 2 months...
September 2016: Case Reports in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27571604/inhibition-of-parp-activation-by-enalapril-is-crucial-for-its-renoprotective-effect-in-cisplatin-induced-nephrotoxicity-in-rats
#9
Neha Rani, Saurabh Bharti, Ameesha Tomar, Amit Kumar Dinda, D S Arya, Jagriti Bhatia
Oxidative stress-induced PARP activation has been recognized to be a main factor in the pathogenesis of cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity. Accumulating literature has revealed that ACE inhibitors may exert beneficial effect in several disease models via preventing PARP activation. Based on this hypothesis, we have evaluated the renoprotective effect of enalapril, an ACE inhibitor, and its underlying mechanism(s) in cisplatin-induced renal injury in rats. Male Albino Wistar rats were orally administered normal saline or enalapril (10, 20 and 40 mg/kg) for 10 days...
2016: Free Radical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27510447/kicking-the-tyres-of-a-heart-failure-trial-physician-response-to-the-approval-of-sacubitril-valsartan-in-the-usa
#10
REVIEW
Milton Packer
Angiotensin receptor-neprilysin inhibition has been shown to be superior to target doses of an ACE inhibitor in reducing the risk of cardiovascular death and clinical disease progression in patients with chronic heart failure and a reduced EF. Nevertheless, although sacubitril/valsartan has been available in the USA for a year, uptake of the drug by practitioners has been slow, in part because of misconceptions about the pivotal trial that demonstrated its efficacy in heart failure (PARADIGM-HF). This review addresses questions that have been raised in the USA about the design of the trial as well as the patients who were studied, the replicability and applicability of the results, and the safety of neprilysin inhibition...
October 2016: European Journal of Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27143859/effects-of-a-novel-ace-inhibitor-3-3-thienyl-l-alanyl-ornithyl-proline-on-endothelial-vasodilation-and-hepatotoxicity-in-l-name-induced-hypertensive-rats
#11
Mahesh Kumar Seth, M Ejaz Hussain, Santosh Pasha, Mohammad Fahim
Nitric oxide (NO) is a widespread biological mediator involved in many physiological and pathological processes, eg, in the regulation of vascular tone and hypertension. Chronic inhibition of NO synthase by N(G)-nitro-l-arginine methyl ester (l-NAME) hydrochloride results in the development of hypertension accompanied by an increase in vascular responsiveness to adrenergic stimuli. Recently, we developed a novel sulfur-containing angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor: 3-(3-thienyl)-l-alanyl-ornithyl-proline (TOP)...
2016: Drug Design, Development and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27082665/american-association-of-clinical-endocrinologists-and-american-college-of-endocrinology-position-statement-on-the-association-of-sglt-2-inhibitors-and-diabetic-ketoacidosis
#12
Yehuda Handelsman, Robert R Henry, Zachary T Bloomgarden, Sam Dagogo-Jack, Ralph A DeFronzo, Daniel Einhorn, Ele Ferrannini, Vivian A Fonseca, Alan J Garber, George Grunberger, Derek LeRoith, Guillermo E Umpierrez, Matthew R Weir
AACE = American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists ACE = American College of Endocrinology DKA = diabetic ketoacidosis EMA = European Medicines Agency FDA = U.S. Food and Drug Administration SGLT-2 = sodium glucosecotransporter 2 T1D = type 1 diabetes T2D = type 2 diabetes.
June 2016: Endocrine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26976850/cardiomyopathy-responsive-to-gluten-withdrawal-in-a-patient-with-coeliac-disease
#13
Samuel McGrath, Angharad Thomas, David Angelo Gorard
A 57-year-old man with iron deficiency anaemia developed general malaise, exertional dyspnoea and features of cardiac failure out of proportion to his anaemia (haemoglobin 120 g/L). Investigations showed a severely dilated left ventricle with an ejection fraction of 15%, due to dilated cardiomyopathy. He was treated with high-dose diuretics, ACE inhibitors and β-blocker therapy. Subsequent investigation into his iron deficiency anaemia revealed a new diagnosis of coeliac disease. After starting a gluten-free diet, his cardiac function improved markedly, with ejection fraction reaching 70%, allowing his cardiac medications to be withdrawn...
March 14, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26722031/effects-of-administered-cardioprotective-drugs-on-treatment-response-of-breast-cancer-cells
#14
Tim A D Smith, Su M Phyu, Emmanuel U Akabuogu
BACKGROUND: Anticancer drug treatment, particularly with anthracyclines, is frequently associated with cardiotoxicity, an effect exacerbated by trastuzumab. Several compounds are in use clinically to attenuate the cardiac-damaging effects of chemotherapy drugs, including angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors, beta-blockers, the anti-diabetic drug metformin, and dexrazoxane. However, there is concern that the cardiac-preserving mechanisms of these drugs may also limit the anticancer efficacy of the chemotherapeutic agents...
January 2016: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26626097/modulation-of-acute-transient-exercise-induced-hypertension-after-oral-administration-of-four-angiotensin-converting-enzyme-inhibitors-in-normotensive-horses
#15
Ana Muñoz, María Esgueva, Manuel Gómez-Díez, Juan Manuel Serrano-Caballero, Cristina Castejón-Riber, Juan Manuel Serrano-Rodríguez
Changes in blood pressure (BP) during acute hypertension in response to angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs) have not been investigated in normotensive horses. In this study, six healthy horses were subjected to five trials, consisting in a treadmill exercise workload of 8 m/s for 1 min, 2 h after oral administration (PO) of placebo (0 mg/kg), enalapril (2.0 mg/kg), quinapril (1.0 mg/kg), ramipril (0.2 mg/kg) or benazepril (0.5 mg/kg). Serum angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) activity was measured and systolic (SBP) and diastolic (DBP) blood pressures were recorded at rest (R), 2 h after placebo or ACEI administration (pre-E) and within the first 20 s after exercise (post-E)...
February 2016: Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26612192/serum-levels-of-renin-angiotensin-converting-enzyme-and-angiotensin-ii-in-patients-treated-by-surgical-excision-propranolol-and-captopril-for-problematic-proliferating-infantile-haemangioma
#16
COMPARATIVE STUDY
L Sulzberger, R Baillie, T Itinteang, S de Jong, R Marsh, P Leadbitter, S T Tan
The role of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) in the biology of infantile haemangioma (IH) and its accelerated involution induced by β-blockers was first proposed in 2010. This led to the first clinical trial in 2012 using low-dose captopril, an angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor, demonstrating a similar response in these tumours. This study aimed to compare serial serum levels of the components of the RAS in patients before and after surgical excision, propranolol or captopril treatment for problematic proliferating IH...
March 2016: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26575260/enalapril-associated-with-furosemide-induced-acute-kidney-injury-in-an-infant-with-heart-failure-a-case-report-a-revision-of-the-literature-and-a-pharmacovigilance-database-analysis
#17
Valentina Fabiano, Carla Carnovale, Marta Gentili, Sonia Radice, Gian Vincenzo Zuccotti, Emilio Clementi, Cristiana Perrotta, Chiara Mameli
The use of angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors in combination with diuretics is a common strategy used for the treatment of patients affected by heart failure. An infant affected by initial congestive cardiac failure, after starting the treatment with enalapril in association with furosemide, developed acute kidney injury (AKI). No underlying renal disease or renal artery stenosis was found. He recovered from kidney injury after the therapy was suspended, thus suggesting that the drug combination is responsible for the onset of the adverse reaction...
2016: Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26476634/vinegar-decreases-blood-pressure-by-down-regulating-at1r-expression-via-the-ampk-pgc-1%C3%AE-ppar%C3%AE-pathway-in-spontaneously-hypertensive-rats
#18
Lixin Na, Xia Chu, Shuo Jiang, Chunjuan Li, Gang Li, Ying He, Yuanxiu Liu, Ying Li, Changhao Sun
PURPOSE: Vinegar has been reported to lower blood pressure, but its mechanism is unclear. This study explored whether vinegar plays antihypertensive effect by activating AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) pathway. METHODS: Male spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs) were assigned to vinegar, acetic acid, nifedipine, nifedipine + vinegar, or distilled water by oral gavage for 8 weeks. Blood and aortas were analyzed for biochemical indices and protein expression levels...
April 2016: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26322603/statin-therapy-lowers-the-risk-of-new-onset-atrial-fibrillation-in-patients-with-end-stage-renal-disease
#19
Li-Ting Ho, Lian-Yu Lin, Yao-Hsu Yang, Cho-Kai Wu, Jyh-Ming Jimmy Juang, Yi-Chih Wang, Chia-Ti Tsai, Ling-Ping Lai, Juey-Jen Hwang, Fu-Tien Chiang, Jiunn-Lee Lin, Pau-Chung Chen
OBJECTIVES: The objective is to assess the effectiveness of statin use to prevent atrial fibrillation (AF) in dialysis patients. METHODS: We used a database from the Registry for Catastrophic Illness from the National Health Research Institute (NHRI), which encompasses almost 100% of the patients receiving dialysis started from 1997 to 2008 in Taiwan. All dialysis patients aged 18 or older without history of cardiovascular events in 1997 and 1998 were incorporated...
December 15, 2015: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26268910/the-effect-of-ccr2-inhibitor-ccx140-b-on-residual-albuminuria-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-and-nephropathy-a-randomised-trial
#20
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Dick de Zeeuw, Pirow Bekker, Elena Henkel, Christopher Hasslacher, Ioanna Gouni-Berthold, Heidrun Mehling, Antonia Potarca, Vladimir Tesar, Hiddo J Lambers Heerspink, Thomas J Schall
BACKGROUND: Patients with type 2 diabetes and nephropathy have high cardiorenal morbidity and mortality despite optimum treatment including angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors or angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs). Residual risk is related to residual albuminuria. We assessed whether CCX140-B, a selective inhibitor of C-C chemokine receptor type 2 (CCR2), could further reduce albuminuria when given in addition to standard care, including ACE inhibitors or ARBs. METHODS: In this randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial, we recruited patients from 78 research centres in Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Poland, and the UK...
September 2015: Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology
keyword
keyword
17523
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"