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Metabolic sindrome

Fernando de Barros, Sergio Setúbal, José Manoel Martinho, Loraine Ferraz, Andressa Gaudêncio
Background: Obesity is an epidemic and chronic disease that can bring other comorbidities to the patient. Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease is present in up to 90% of these patients and can progress to hepatitis and hepatocarcinoma. The relationship of this liver disease and obesity is already well known; however, it is possible that some parameters of the comorbidities are more related than others in the pathophysiology of the disease. Aim: Was analyzed the relationship between non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and the comorbidities of metabolic syndrome in morbidly obese patients...
November 2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
Luciano Dias de Oliveira Reis, Paulo Afonso Nunes Nassif, Fernando Issamu Tabushi, Fábio Quirillo Milléo, Giovani Marino Favero, Bruno Luiz Ariede, Cassiana Franco Dias Dos Reis, Bruno Franco Dalabona
Background: Studies related to obesity have shown association with metabolic syndrome. Data showing that obesity is capable to cause low grade chronic inflammation, without its classic signs and symptoms, call attention to researches to study different cells types and the mechanism of the inflammatory process. Aim: To evaluate the variation of glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) and the pro-inflammatory cytokine interleukin-6 (IL6) in diabetic patients with BMI <35 kg/m2 in the pre and postoperative of partial duodenal switch...
November 2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
Patrícia Pozas Saboya, Luiz Carlos Bodanese, Paulo Roberto Zimmermann, Andreia da Silva Gustavo, Fabricio Edler Macagnan, Ana Pandolfo Feoli, Margareth da Silva Oliveira
BACKGROUND: Lifestyle intervention programs can reduce the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) and, therefore, reduce the risk for cardiac disease, one of the main public health problems nowadays. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the effects of three types of approach for lifestyle change programs in the reduction of metabolic parameters, and to identify its impact on the quality of life (QOL) of individuals with MetS. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial included 72 individuals with MetS aged 30-59 years...
January 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
Patrícia Pozas Saboya, Luiz Carlos Bodanese, Paulo Roberto Zimmermann, Andréia da Silva Gustavo, Caroline Melo Assumpção, Fernanda Londero
Objectives: to present currently available evidence to verify the association between metabolic syndrome and quality of life. Method: Cochrane Library, EMBASE, Medline and LILACS databases were studied for all studies investigating the association with metabolic syndrome and quality of life. Two blinded reviewers extracted data and one more was chosen in case of doubt. Results: a total of 30 studies were included, considering inclusion and exclusion criteria, which involved 62...
November 28, 2016: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
Ana Rita Francisco, Inês Gonçalves, Fátima Veiga, Mónica Mendes Pedro, Fausto J Pinto, Dulce Brito
Severe hypertriglyceridemia has been consistently associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease and other complications, namely acute pancreatitis. We report a case of a 64 year-old woman with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and metabolic syndrome with triglyceride level of 3260 mg/dL. Plasma exchange was performed with simultaneous medical treatment to achieve a rapid and effective lowering of triglycerides in order to prevent clinical complications. After three plasmapheresis sessions a marked reduction in triglyceride and total cholesterol levels was observed...
July 2016: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia: ʹorgão Oficial de Sociedades Brasileira e Latino-Americana de Nefrologia
Sylva Skalova, Stepan Kutilek
Transient hyperphosphatasemia of infancy and early childhood (THI) is characterized by transiently increased activity of serum alkaline phosphatase (S-ALP), predominantly its bone or liver isoform, in children under five years of age. There are no signs of metabolic bone disease or hepatopathy corresponding with the increased S-ALP. THI is benign disorder, rather laboratory than clinical disorder, which is usually accidentally detected in both healthy and sick children. When encountered in a child with either chronic bone, liver or kidney disease, it might concern the physician...
July 2016: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia: ʹorgão Oficial de Sociedades Brasileira e Latino-Americana de Nefrologia
Adham do Amaral E Castro, Thelma Larocca Skare, Paulo Afonso Nunes Nassif, Alexandre Kaue Sakuma, Wagner Haese Barros
Introduction: Tendinopathies and tendon tears account for over 30% of all musculoskeletal consultations. Obesity, which is becoming one of the world´s most prevalent public health issues, may be associated with this condition. Objective: To review the literature about tendinopathies and obesity association. Methods: This is a descriptive exploratory study using the portal Medline. Literature in English language from 2006 to 2014 were reviewed...
2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
Celso Roberto Passeri, Jacira Alves Caracik de Camargo Andrade, Karla Thaíza Tomal, Eduardo Marcucci Pracucho, Livia Paschoalino de Campos, Silvia Helena de Carvalho Sales-Peres
Background: Obesity and metabolic syndrome can be labeled as worldwide outbreak; thus, both have led to serious public health problem. Oral health can be worsened by both, obesity and metabolic syndrome. Tooth loss harms masticatory function, essential status to whom will be submitted to bariatric surgery. Aim: Assess masticatory function of obese candidates to bariatric surgery, who belong to distinct socioeconomic class range, in order to recognize hazard factors and the bias of socioeconomic factor in this context...
2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
Rafael Jacques Ramos, Cláudio Corá Mottin, Letícia Biscaino Alves, Daniela Benzano, Alexandre Vontobel Padoin
Background: There is no consensus on the ideal size of intestinal loops in gastric bypass of bariatric surgeries. Aim: To evaluate the metabolic outcome of patients submitted to gastric bypass with alimentary and biliopancreatic loops of different sizes. Methods: Was conducted a retrospective cohort study in diabetic obese patients (BMI≥35 kg/m2) with metabolic syndrome submitted to gastric bypass. The patients were divided into three groups according to the size of the intestinal loop: group 1, biliopancreatic limb 50 cm length and alimentary limb 100 cm length; group 2 , biliopancreatic limb 50 cm length and alimentary limb 150 cm length; and group 3, biliopancreatic limb 100 cm length and alimentary limb 150 cm length...
2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
Cacio Ricardo Wietzycoski, João Caetano Dallegrave Marchesini, Sultan Al-Themyat, Fabiola Shons Meyer, Manoel Roberto Maciel Trindade
Background: Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus is a multifactorial syndrome with severe complications. Oxidative stress is accepted as a causal factor of chronic complications. Aim: To demonstrate alterations in oxidative stress after metabolic surgery. Methods: Twenty-four 2-day-old Wistar rats were used. In 16, Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus was induced by 100 mg/kg streptozotocin injection. The development of diabetes was confirmed after 10 weeks using an oral glucose tolerance test...
2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
Flávia Ribeiro de Oliveira, Mariana Bicalho Rezende, Nícolas Figueiredo Faria, Tomás Ribeiro Gonçalves Dias, Walter Carlos Santos de Oliveira, Ana Luiza Lunardi Rocha, Ana Lúcia Cândido
OBJECTIVE: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the most common endocrine metabolic disorder in women between menarche and menopause. Clinical hyperandrogenism is the most important diagnostic criterion of the syndrome, which manifests as hirsutism in 70% of cases. Hirsute carriers of PCOS have high cardiovascular risk. Lipid accumulation product (LAP) is an index for the evaluation of lipid accumulation in adults and the prediction of cardiovascular risk. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between LAP and hirsutism in women with PCOS...
February 2016: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
Maíra Danielle Gomes de Souza, Lucio Vilar, Cinthia Barbosa de Andrade, Raíssa de Oliveira e Albuquerque, Lúcia Helena de Oliveira Cordeiro, Josemberg Marins Campos, Álvaro Antônio Bandeira Ferraz
UNLABELLED: Background -Overweight and obesity are associated with metabolic syndrome and abdominal obesity, thereby increasing the risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular diseases. In Brazil, there are still no precise data on the prevalence of these disorders, especially among individuals who carry out some kind of physical activity in public spaces and there are no education and prevention programs for obesity. AIM: To investigate the prevalence of metabolic syndrome and obesity among park users...
2015: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
Guillermo C Cardoso-Saldaña, Aida X Medina-Urrutia, Carlos Posadas-Romero, Juan G Juárez-Rojas, Esteban Jorge-Galarza, Gilberto Vargas-Alarcón, Rosalinda Posadas-Sánchez
BACKGROUND AND RATIONALE: Fatty liver (FL) and abdominal visceral fat (AVF) are strongly associated with systemic inflammation, however, it has not been defined if each one is independently involved, and if the insulin resistance is associated. To investigate if FL, AVF and insulin resistance are independently or additively associated with the high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) in subjects without coronary artery disease we included 491 men and 553 women. MATERIAL AND METHODS: All had anthropometric and plasma biochemical measurements, FL and AVF assessments by computed tomography...
September 2015: Annals of Hepatology
Jesús Millán Núñez-Cortés, Juan Pedro-Botet Montoya, Xavier Pintó Sala
Pandemics of metabolic síndrome, obesity, and type 2 diabetes is a major challenge for the next years and supported the grat burden of cardiovascular diseases. The R3i (Residual Risk Reduction initiative) has previously highlighted atherogenic dyslipidaemia as an important and modifiable contributor to the lipid related residual cardiovascular risk. Atherogenic dyslipidaemia is defined as an imbalance between proatherogenic triglycerides-rich apoB-containing lipoproteins and antiatherogenic AI containing lipoproteins...
November 2014: Clínica e Investigación en Arteriosclerosis
Juan J Chillarón, Juana A Flores-Le-Roux, Alberto Goday, David Benaiges, María J Carrera, Jaume Puig, Juan F Cano-Pérez, Juan Pedro-Botet
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Numerous clinical and epidemiological studies have highlighted the fact that metabolic syndrome is an important precursor of cardiovascular disease. Metabolic syndrome is generally associated with type-2 diabetes, and few data exist on its occurrence in type-1 diabetes. The aims of this study were to determine the prevalence of metabolic syndrome in patients with type-1 diabetes and to identify associated factors. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included consecutive patients aged over 18 years with autoimmune type-1 diabetes of more than 6 months' duration who were treated during 2008 at the Outpatient Endocrinology Clinic of the Hospital del Mar, Barcelona, Spain...
April 2010: Revista Española de Cardiología
Francisco Mardones, Pilar Arnaiz, Salesa Barja, Carolina Giadach, Luis Villarroel, Angelica Domínguez, Oscar Castillo, Marcelo Farias
BACKGROUND: The origin of most non-communicable diseases (NCDs) is in early life. Consequently obtaining information on risk factors for NCDs is important for preventive purposes. However, there is no information available on the prevalence of obesity, metabolic syndrome (MS) and insulin resistance (IR) in Chilean children. OBJETIVES: To determine the prevalence of nutritional status, MS and IR, and secondly, to study the associations among them. METHODS: Cross-sectional study conducted during 2009-2011 in 20 public schools of Puente Alto County, Santiago, Chile...
November 2013: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
Nuno Cortez-Dias, Susana R Martins, Adriana Belo, Manuela Fiuza
AIMS: To evaluate the influence of metabolic syndrome in the effectiveness of antihypertensive treatment and to compare it using the National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III (NCEP-ATP III) (2001 and 2004), International Diabetes Federation (IDF) and American Heart Association/National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute (AHA-NHLBI) definitions. METHODS: The VALSIM (Estudo de Prevalência da Síndrome Metabólica) survey was designed as an observational cross-sectional study performed in a primary healthcare setting in Portugal...
October 2013: Journal of Hypertension
Hussen Machado, Helady Sanders Pinheiro, Marcella Martins Terra, Martha de Oliveira Guerra, Rogerio Baumgratz de Paula, Vera Maria Peters
INTRODUCTION: The treatment of arterial hypertension (AH) in patients with metabolic syndrome (MS) is a challenge, since non drug therapies are difficult to implement and optimal pharmacological treatment is not fully established. OBJECTIVE: To assess the blockade of the rennin angiotensin aldosterone system (RAAS) in blood pressure (BP) in renal function and morphology in an experimental model of MS induced by high fat diet. METHODS: Wistar rats were fed on high fat diet from the fourth week of life, for 20 weeks...
October 2012: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia: ʹorgão Oficial de Sociedades Brasileira e Latino-Americana de Nefrologia
L J Prisicăriu, Carmen Mihaela Dorobat, Carmen Manciuc, Irina Cristina Nicolau
AIM: The assessment of the metabolic syndrome prevalence, as defined by the American Heart Association/The US National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel, (AHA/NCEP III updated), has been made in 68 polyexperimented HIV infected patients that received antiretroviral therapy over 24 months and who have a favorable viroimunologic response (undetectable plasmatic viral load). MATERIALS AND METHODS: this cross-sectional analytical study has been carried out on a cohort of 68 patients clinically and paraclinically monitored at the HIV/AIDS Department...
July 2011: Revista Medico-chirurgicală̆ a Societă̆ţ̜ii de Medici ş̧i Naturaliş̧ti Din Iaş̧i
Diogo Frasquilho Guerreiro, Rita Navarro, Diogo Telles-Correia, Paulo Martins, Elsa Trigo, Manuela Silva, António Neves, Carlos Góis, Maria Luísa Figueira
INTRODUCTION: The Metabolic Syndrome (MS) is constituted by a set of specific metabolic alterations being postulated that the main dysfunction is insulin resistance, associated with abdominal type obesity, hypertension, hyperglycemia and dyslipidemia. Epidemiological data indicates prevalence of MS of about 25%. Estimates point to higher prevalence of MS in bipolar (BP) patients, between 30 to 35%. Cost-effective screening methods, not recurring to blood test, have been researched. OBJECTIVES: Test the viability of MS screening without using blood tests...
March 2010: Acta Médica Portuguesa
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