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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775425/pre-obesity-and-obesity-impacts-on-passive-joint-range-of-motion
#1
Yihun Jeong, Suyeon Heo, Giwhyun Lee, Woojin Park
Despite the prevalence of pre-obesity and obesity, the physical capabilities of pre-obese/obese individuals are not well documented. As an effort to address this, this study investigated the pre-obesity and obesity impacts on joint range of motion (RoM) for twenty-two body joint motions. A publicly available passive RoM dataset was analysed. Three BMI groups (normal-weight, pre-obese, and obese [Class I]) were statistically compared in joint RoM. The pre-obese and obese groups were found to have significantly smaller RoM means than the normal-weight for elbow flexion and supination, hip extension and flexion, knee flexion, and ankle plantarflexion...
May 18, 2018: Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775388/epidemiology-of-elbow-ulnar-collateral-ligament-injuries-among-baseball-players-national-collegiate-athletic-association-injury-surveillance-program-2009-2010-through-2013-2014
#2
Steven F DeFroda, Avi D Goodman, Joseph A Gil, Brett D Owens
BACKGROUND: Injuries to the ulnar collateral ligament (UCL) of the elbow are of major concern in baseball; however, the epidemiology of these injuries among National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) athletes is poorly described. PURPOSE: To determine the incidence of UCL injuries in NCAA baseball and investigate the risk factors involved. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiology study. METHODS: All UCL injuries for academic years 2009-2010 through 2013-2014 were extracted from the NCAA Injury Surveillance Program database...
May 1, 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774921/a-flexible-pressure-sensor-based-on-rgo-polyaniline-wrapped-sponge-with-tunable-sensitivity-for-human-motion-detection
#3
Gang Ge, Yichen Cai, Qiuchun Dong, Yizhou Zhang, Jinjun Shao, Wei Huang, Xiaochen Dong
High-performance stretchable and wearable electronic skins (E-skins) with high sensitivity and a large sensing range are urgently required with the rapid development of the Internet of things and artificial intelligence. Herein, a reduced graphene oxide (rGO)/polyaniline wrapped sponge is prepared via rGO coating and the in situ synthesis of polyaniline nanowires (PANI NWs) on the backbones of sponge for the fabrication of pressure sensors. From the as-prepared flexible sensor, tunable sensitivity (0.042 to 0...
May 18, 2018: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773304/outpatient-total-elbow-arthroplasty-90-day-outcomes
#4
Michael A Stone, Paramjit Singh, Santano L Rosario, Reza Omid
BACKGROUND: Interest in outpatient arthroplasty has grown in response to increasing emphasis on the efficient delivery of safe, high-quality medical care. This study evaluated 90-day episode-of-care complications after outpatient total elbow arthroplasty (TEA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated 28 patients discharged the same day after primary TEA for 90-day episode-of-care complications, reoperations, and readmissions. Postoperative complications and elbow range of motion measurements were recorded and evaluated at the latest follow-up...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772956/lumbar-muscle-structure-predicts-operational-postures-in-active-duty-marines
#5
David B Berry, Bahar Shahidi, Ana E Rodríguez-Soto, Jan M Hughes-Austin, Karen R Kelly, Samuel R Ward
Study Design Cross-sectional. Background The relationship between lumbar spine posture and muscle structure is not well understood. Objectives Investigate the predictive capacity of muscle structure on lumbar spine posture in active duty Marines. Methods Fouty-three Marines were scanned using an upright magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scanner while standing unloaded and standing, sitting, and prone on elbows with body armor. Cobb, horizontal, and sacral angles were measured. Marines were then scanned unloaded in supine using a supine MRI scanner...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771396/lyme-arthritis-of-the-pediatric-elbow-a-case-series
#6
David Gendelberg, William L Hennrikus
Most patients with untreated Lyme disease will experience joint symptoms. Owing to their resemblance in clinical presentation, Lyme arthritis and septic arthritis are often difficult to differentiate. However, their treatment is different. The elbow is rarely the first joint to present with symptoms. Therefore, Lyme disease is not commonly included in the differential diagnosis for children presenting with isolated elbow pain. The authors report 4 cases of monoarticular Lyme arthritis presenting in the elbow...
May 16, 2018: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771138/rate-of-upper-extremity-injury-in-high-school-baseball-pitchers-who-played-catcher-as-a-secondary-position
#7
Elizabeth E Hibberd, Sakiko Oyama, Joseph B Myers
CONTEXT:   Many high school pitchers play another position after they have finished pitching for the day or on their rest days from pitching. Because of the cumulative demands on the arm, pitchers who also play catcher may have a greater risk of developing a throwing-related shoulder or elbow injury. OBJECTIVE:   To compare the rate of throwing-related upper extremity injuries between high school baseball pitchers who also played catcher as a secondary position and those who did not play catcher...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768631/distal-nerve-transfers-a-perspective-on-the-future-of-reconstructive-microsurgery
#8
David Chwei-Chin Chuang
BACKGROUND:  Nerve transfer can be broadly separated into two categories: proximal nerve graft and/or transfer and distal nerve transfer. The superiority of proximal nerve graft/transfer over distal nerve transfer strategy has been debated extensively, but which strategy is the best has not yet been defined. Each technique has its own advantages and disadvantages. However, proximal nerve graft/transfer is still the main reconstructive procedure based on the principle of "no diagnosis, then no treatment...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Reconstructive Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768379/usefulness-of-polydeoxyribonucleotide-as-an-alternative-to-corticosteroids-in-patients-with-lateral-epicondyitis-a-case-series
#9
Goo Joo Lee, Donghwi Park
RATIONALE: Local corticosteroid injections are commonly used as an easy, cost-effective treatment for patients with lateral epicondylitis (LE). Despite their strong anti-inflammatory effect, repeated injections of corticosteroids are not recommended in LE because they can aggravate tearing of the tendons. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 65-year-old (Case1) man and a 59-year-old (Case2) man had a 2-month history of right lateral elbow pain exacerbation. DIAGNOSES: Lateral epicondylitis with hypervascularity of the common extensor tendon...
May 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768090/kinematic-differences-in-upper-limb-joints-between-flat-and-topspin-forehand-drives-in-competitive-male-tennis-players
#10
Cyril Genevois, Machar Reid, Thomas Creveaux, Isabelle Rogowski
The topspin tennis forehand drive has become a feature of modern game; yet, as compared to the serve, there has been little research analysing its kinematics. This is surprising given that there is considerably more variation in the execution of the topspin forehand. Our study is the first to examine the amplitude of upper limb joint rotations that produce topspin in the forehand drives of 14 male competitive tennis players using video-based motion analysis. Humerothoracic abduction (-)/adduction (+), extension (-) /flexion (+), and external (-)/internal (+) rotation, elbow extension (-) /flexion (+) and forearm supination (-)/pronation (+), wrist extension (-)/flexion (+) and ulnar (-)/radial (-) deviation were computed...
May 16, 2018: Sports Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768041/getting-hit-by-pitch-in-professional-baseball-analysis-of-injury-patterns-risk-factors-concussions-and-days-missed-for-batters
#11
Christopher L Camp, Dean Wang, Alec S Sinatro, John D'Angelo, Struan H Coleman, Joshua S Dines, Stephen Fealy, Stan Conte
BACKGROUND: Although batters are frequently hit by pitch (HBP) in baseball, the effect of HBP injuries remains undefined in the literature. PURPOSE: To determine the effect of HBP injuries in terms of time out of play, injury patterns resulting in the greatest time out of play, and the value of protective gear such as helmets and elbow pads. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive laboratory study. METHODS: Based on the Major League Baseball (MLB) Health and Injury Tracking System, all injuries to batters HBP during the 2011-2015 MLB and Minor League Baseball (MiLB) seasons were identified and analyzed...
May 1, 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766489/phenotypic-disparity-of-the-elbow-joint-in-domestic-dogs-and-wild-carnivores
#12
Borja Figueirido
In this article, I use geometric morphometrics in 2D from a sample of 366 elbow joints to quantify phenotypic disparity in domestic dog breeds, in wild canids, and across the order Carnivora. The elbow joint is a well-established morphological indicator of forearm motion and, by extension, of functional adaptations towards locomotor or predatory behavior in living carnivores. The study of the elbow joint in domestic dogs allows the exploration of potential convergences between (i) pursuit predators and fast-running dogs, and (ii) ambush predators and fighting breeds...
May 16, 2018: Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763339/the-v-shaped-distal-triceps-tendon-repair-a-comparative-biomechanical-analysis
#13
Bastian Scheiderer, Florian B Imhoff, Daichi Morikawa, Lucca Lacheta, Elifho Obopilwe, Mark P Cote, Andreas B Imhoff, Augustus D Mazzocca, Sebastian Siebenlist
BACKGROUND: Restoring footprint anatomy, minimizing gap formation, and maximizing the strength of distal triceps tendon repairs are essential factors for a successful healing process and return to sport. HYPOTHESIS: The novel V-shaped distal triceps tendon repair technique with unicortical button fixation closely restores footprint anatomy, provides minimal gap formation and high ultimate failure load, and minimizes iatrogenic fracture risk in acute/subacute distal triceps tendon tears...
May 1, 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763276/hyperpronation-method-for-reduction-of-nursemaid-s-elbow
#14
Rory Spiegel, Sarah Kleist
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 15, 2018: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758568/social-media-in-shoulder-elbow-surgery-an-analysis-of-twitter-and-instagram
#15
Prem N Ramkumar, Sergio M Navarro, Margaret M Cornaghie, Heather S Haeberle, Hafsah Hameed, Mark S Schickendantz, Eric T Ricchetti, Joseph P Iannotti
Social media provide a unique method of analyzing outcomes and quality in medicine. The purpose of this observational study was to investigate the nature of social media content related to shoulder and elbow (S&E) surgery posted by patients, surgeons, and hospitals. A public search of Instagram for a two-year period yielded 1,177 patient-related posts. A categorical system assessed the perspective, timing, tone, and content of each post. Twitter accounts of 77 S&E specialists from the top five ranked U...
May 14, 2018: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757210/dermatitis-herpetiformis-a-common-extraintestinal-manifestation-of-coeliac-disease
#16
REVIEW
Timo Reunala, Teea T Salmi, Kaisa Hervonen, Katri Kaukinen, Pekka Collin
Dermatitis herpetiformis (DH) is a common extraintestinal manifestation of coeliac disease presenting with itchy papules and vesicles on the elbows, knees, and buttocks. Overt gastrointestinal symptoms are rare. Diagnosis of DH is easily confirmed by immunofluorescence biopsy showing pathognomonic granular immunoglobulin A (IgA) deposits in the papillary dermis. A valid hypothesis for the immunopathogenesis of DH is that it starts from latent or manifest coeliac disease in the gut and evolves into an immune complex deposition of high avidity IgA epidermal transglutaminase (TG3) antibodies, together with the TG3 enzyme, in the papillary dermis...
May 12, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755196/effect-of-a-commercially-available-fish-based-dog-food-enriched-with-nutraceuticals-on-hip-and-elbow-dysplasia-in-growing-labrador-retrievers
#17
Sabrina Manfredi, Francesco Di Ianni, Nicola Di Girolamo, Sergio Canello, Giacomo Gnudi, Gianandrea Guidetti, Francesca Miduri, Martina Fabbi, Eleonora Daga, Enrico Parmigiani, Sara Centenaro, Antonella Volta
The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of hip and elbow dysplasia in a group of growing Labrador retrievers fed a fish-based diet enriched with nutraceuticals with chondroprotective properties. The puppies ranged from 3 to 12 mo of age and were divided into 2 groups, each fed a different diet. The control diet consisted of a high quality, chicken-based dog food, while the test diet was a fish-based dog food, enriched with nutraceuticals. Hip and elbow joints were radiographed and scored at 6 and 12 mo of age...
April 2018: Canadian Journal of Veterinary Research, Revue Canadienne de Recherche Vétérinaire
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754844/quantitative-magnetic-resonance-imaging-analysis-of-the-cross-sectional-areas-of-the-anconeus-epitrochlearis-muscle-cubital-tunnel-and-ulnar-nerve-with-the-elbow-in-extension-in-patients-with-and-without-ulnar-neuropathy
#18
Hing Y Eng, Drew A Gunio, Carlos L Benitez
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to assess the cross-sectional area of the anconeus epitrochlearis muscle (AEM), cubital tunnel, and ulnar nerve with the elbow in extension in patients with and without ulnar neuropathy. METHODS: We performed a retrospective, level IV review of elbow magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) studies. Elbow MRI studies of 32 patients with an AEM (26 men and 6 women, aged 18-60 years), 32 randomly selected patients without an AEM (aged 16-71 years), and 32 patients with clinical ulnar neuritis (22 men and 10 women, aged 24-76 years) were reviewed...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754843/revision-of-failed-hemiarthroplasty-for-painful-glenoid-arthrosis-to-anatomic-total-shoulder-arthroplasty
#19
Mihir M Sheth, Daniel Sholder, Joseph Abboud, Mark D Lazarus, Matthew L Ramsey, Gerald R Williams, Surena Namdari
BACKGROUND: The impending burden of revision shoulder arthroplasty has increased interest in outcomes of revision procedures. Painful glenoid arthrosis following hemiarthroplasty is a common cause of reoperation, and conversion to anatomic total shoulder arthroplasty is one option. METHODS: We identified patients who underwent revision of painful hemiarthroplasty to total shoulder arthroplasty over a 15-year period in a single tertiary-care health system. Presurgical and operative data were analyzed for 28 patients who met the inclusion and exclusion criteria...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753659/a-conserved-human-dj1-subfamily-motif-djsm-is-critical-for-anti-oxidative-and-deglycase-activities-of-plasmodium-falciparum-dj1
#20
Divya N Nair, Rajesh Prasad, Neha Singhal, Manish Bhattacharjee, Renu Sudhakar, Pushpa Singh, Subramonian Thanumalayan, Uday Kiran, Yogendra Sharma, Puran Singh Sijwali
Plasmodium falciparum DJ1 (PfDJ1) belongs to the DJ-1/ThiJ/PfpI superfamily whose members are present in all the kingdoms of life and exhibit diverse cellular functions and biochemical activities. The common feature of the superfamily is the class I glutamine amidotransferase domain with a conserved redox-active cysteine residue, which mediates various activities of the superfamily members, including anti-oxidative activity in PfDJ1 and human DJ1 (hDJ1). As the superfamily members represent diverse functional classes, to investigate if there is any sequence feature unique to hDJ1-like proteins, sequences of the representative proteins of different functional classes were compared and analysed...
May 10, 2018: Molecular and Biochemical Parasitology
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