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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214060/nursemaid-s-elbow
#1
Vincent Ndebwanimana, Amelia Y Pousson, Giles N Cattermole
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 7, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212673/weight-compensation-characteristics-of-armeo%C3%A2-spring-exoskeleton-implications-for-clinical-practice-and-research
#2
Bonnie E Perry, Emily K Evans, Dobrivoje S Stokic
BACKGROUND: Armeo®Spring exoskeleton is widely used for upper extremity rehabilitation; however, weight compensation provided by the device appears insufficiently characterized to fully utilize it in clinical and research settings. METHODS: Weight compensation was quantified by measuring static force in the sagittal plane with a load cell attached to the elbow joint of Armeo®Spring. All upper spring settings were examined in 5° increments at the minimum, maximum, and two intermediate upper and lower module length settings, while keeping the lower spring at minimum...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212264/correlated-emg-oscillations-between-antagonists-during-cocontraction-in-men
#3
Yasuhide Yoshitake, Hiroaki Kanehisa, Minoru Shinohara
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine the modulation of common low-frequency oscillations in pools of motor units across antagonistic muscles because of the difference in the activation level of pools of spinal motor neurons and the presence of neuromuscular fatigue during intended cocontraction. METHODS: Ten healthy young men (21.8 ± 1.5 yr) performed intended steady cocontractions of elbow flexors and extensors at maximal and a submaximal (10% of maximal EMG) effort...
March 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212115/predictor-of-hand-radiological-progression-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-receiving-tnf-antagonist-therapy-by-change-in-grayscale-synovitis-a-preliminary-study
#4
Ying-Chou Chen, Fu-Mei Su, Shih-Wei Hsu, Jia-Feng Chen, Tien-Tsai Cheng, Han-Ming Lai, Wen-Chan Chiu
OBJECTIVES: This prospective study aimed to compare synovial ultrasound scores to conventional measures (DAS28, CRP levels) in predicting radiographic progression in patients with rheumatoid arthritis under TNF antagonist therapy. METHODS: Patients with RA who received TNF antagonist therapy were enrolled, all of whom underwent clinical, laboratory, and ultrasonographic assessments with grayscale and power Doppler assessments of bilateral elbows (anterior and posterior recess), wrists (dorsal, palmar, and ulnar aspects), second and third MCP joints (dorsal and palmar recess), and PIP II and III (dorsal and palmar) at baseline and at 1, 3 months...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology: Practical Reports on Rheumatic & Musculoskeletal Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211826/axial-rigidity-is-related-to-the-risk-of-falls-in%C3%A2-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease
#5
Roberto Cano-de-la-Cuerda, Lydia Vela-Desojo, Juan Carlos Miangolarra-Page, Yolanda Macías-Maías
BACKGROUND: Rigidity is a cardinal symptom of Parkinson's disease (PD) and is often clinically assessed by passively flexing and extending a patient's limb. Objective measurements had been employed to examine rigidity in PD subjects, including wrist, elbow or knee. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the relationship between an objective measurement of trunk rigidity and risk of falls in patients with mild to moderate PD. METHODS: An isokinetic dynamometer Biodex System 3 was employed to assess trunk rigidity in 36 patients with mild to moderate PD at a University Department in a cross-sectional study...
February 13, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211820/effectiveness-and-feasibility-of-eccentric-and-task-oriented-strength-training-in-individuals-with-stroke
#6
Mireille A Folkerts, Juha M Hijmans, Anne L Elsinghorst, Yvon Mulderij, Alessio Murgia, Rienk Dekker
BACKGROUND: Strength training can increase function in individuals with stroke. However it is unclear which type of strength training is most effective and feasible. OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect and feasibility of an intervention combining eccentric and task-oriented strength training in individuals with chronic stroke. METHODS: Eleven participants were randomly assigned to a group first receiving four weeks of eccentric strength training and then four weeks of task-oriented strength training (EST-TOST) or vice versa (TOST-EST)...
February 15, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211794/test-retest-reliability-of-muscle-fiber-conduction-velocity-and-fractal-dimension-of-surface-emg-during-isometric-contractions
#7
Matteo Beretta-Piccoli, Giuseppe D'Antona, Cristian Zampella, Marco Barbero, Ron Clijsen, Corrado Cescon
The aim of this study was to determine the test-retest reliability of muscle fiber conduction velocity (CV) and fractal dimension (FD) obtained from multichannel surface electromyographic (sEMG) recordings. Forty healthy recreationally active subjects (20 men and 20 women) performed two elbow flexions on two trials with a 1-week interval. The first was a 20% maximal voluntary contraction (MVC) of 120 s, and the second at 60% MVC held until exhaustion. sEMG signals were detected from the biceps brachii, using bi-dimensional arrays...
February 17, 2017: Physiological Measurement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210382/paraneoplastic-dermatomyositis-with-cutaneous-and-myopathic-disease-responsive-to-adrenocorticotropic-hormone-therapy
#8
Marisa Wolff, Christopher Mancuso, Karan Lal, Damian Dicostanzo, Charles Gropper
Dermatomyositis is a myopathic or amyopathic autoimmune connective tissue disease that presents with classic dermatologic findings ranging from: poikilodermatous photosensitivity (shawl sign), eyelid edema and violaceous-pigmentation (heliotrope sign), lichenoid eruptions on the knuckles and elbows (Gottron's sign), periungual telangiectasias, and ragged cuticles (Samitz sign). Up to 30 percent of adult-onset cases of dermatomyositis may represent a paraneoplastic syndrome warranting a thorough work-up for malignancy...
January 2017: Journal of Clinical and Aesthetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210068/use-of-an-arm-weight-bearing-combined-with-upper-limb-reaching-apparatus-to-facilitate-motor-paralysis-recovery-in-an-incomplete-spinal-cord-injury-patient-a-single-case-report
#9
Takashi Hoei, Kazumi Kawahira, Hidefumi Fukuda, Keizo Sihgenobu, Megumi Shimodozono, Tadashi Ogura
[Purpose] Training using an arm weight-bearing device combined with upper-limb reaching apparatus to facilitate motor paralysis recovery, named the "Reaching Robot", as well as Repetitive Facilitation Exercise were applied to a patient with severe impairment of the shoulder and elbow due to incomplete spinal cord injury and the effects were examined. [Subjects and Methods] A 66-year-old man with incomplete spinal cord injury participated in an upper extremity rehabilitation program involving a Reaching Robot...
January 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209448/management-of-post-traumatic-elbow-instability-after-failed-radial-head-excision-a-case-report
#10
Georgios Touloupakis, Emmanouil Theodorakis, Fabio Favetti, Massimiliano Nannerini
Radial head excision has always been a safe commonly used surgical procedure with a satisfactory clinical outcome for isolated comminuted radial head fractures. However, diagnosis of elbow instability is still very challenging and often underestimated in routine orthopaedic evaluation. We present the case of a 21-years old female treated with excision after radial head fracture, resulting in elbow instability. The patient underwent revision surgery after four weeks. We believe that ligament reconstruction without radial head substitution is a safe alternative choice for Mason III radial head fractures accompanied by complex ligament lesions...
January 20, 2017: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209327/outcomes-of-total-shoulder-arthroplasty-in-patients-younger-than-65-years-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
Troy A Roberson, Jared C Bentley, James T Griscom, Michael J Kissenberth, Stefan J Tolan, Richard J Hawkins, John M Tokish
BACKGROUND: Despite concerns about the longevity of total shoulder arthroplasty (TSA) in young patients, it remains an attractive option because of the absence of superior options. METHODS: A systematic review was performed using searches of PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane databases. English-language studies were identified with search terms "total shoulder arthroplasty" (title/abstract) or "shoulder replacement" (title/abstract) and "young" (title/abstract) or "under 65 years of age" (title/abstract)...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206959/association-of-polymorphisms-rs1800012-in-col1a1-with-sports-related-tendon-and-ligament-injuries-a-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Chunguang Wang, Hao Li, Kang Chen, Bing Wu, Haifeng Liu
It has been reported that the single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs1800012 in COL1A1 might be associated with the susceptibility to sports-related tendon and ligament injuries such as ACL injuries, Achilles tendon injuries, shoulder dislocations and tennis elbow. But the data from different studies have been conflicting. Here we attempted to systematically summarize and clarify the association between the SNP and sports-related tendon and ligament injuries risk. Six eligible studies including 933 cases and 1,381 controls were acquired from PubMed, Web Of Science and Cochrane library databases...
February 11, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205477/radiocapitellar-impingement-after-a-pediatric-type-ii-capitellar-fracture
#13
Chul-Hyun Cho, Beom-Soo Kim, Kwang-Soon Song
We present a case of radiocapitellar impingement caused by osteochondral fragment after type II capitellar fracture. Painful extension limitation of the elbow was treated successfully by diagnostic arthroscopy and mini-open removal of loose body. A displaced type II capitellar fracture in children is extremely rare, but must be carefully diagnosed and treated.
March 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery Asian-Pacific Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205469/valgus-instability-of-the-elbow-due-to-medial-epicondyle-nonunion-treatment-by-fragment-excision-and-medial-collateral-ligament-reconstruction
#14
Yasunori Kaneshiro, Noriaki Hidaka, Koichi Yano, Makoto Fukuda, Hideki Sakanaka
BACKGROUND: The medial epicondyle nonunion becomes symptomatic valgus instability with medial elbow pain and joint instability due to dysfunction of the medial collateral ligament (MCL), thus requiring surgical treatment. The purpose of the present study is to report the clinical result of the fragment excision and ligament reconstruction by free tendon graft in the treatment of symptomatic medial epicondyle nonunion. METHODS: A retrospective study of five consecutive patients was performed...
March 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery Asian-Pacific Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205117/a-randomized-comparison-between-costoclavicular-and-paracoracoid-ultrasound-guided-infraclavicular-block-for-upper-limb-surgery
#15
Prangmalee Leurcharusmee, Maria Francisca Elgueta, Worakamol Tiyaprasertkul, Thitipan Sotthisopha, Artid Samerchua, Aida Gordon, Julian Aliste, Roderick J Finlayson, De Q H Tran
BACKGROUND: This two-centre randomized trial compared costoclavicular and paracoracoid ultrasound-guided infraclavicular brachial plexus block in patients undergoing upper limb surgery. We hypothesized that both techniques would result in similar onset times and designed the study as an equivalence trial. METHODS: Ninety patients undergoing upper limb surgery at or distal to the elbow were randomly allocated to receive a costoclavicular (n = 45) or paracoracoid (n = 45) ultrasound-guided infraclavicular brachial plexus block...
February 15, 2017: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203598/treatment-of-ulnar-collateral-ligament-tears-of-the-elbow-is-repair-a-viable-option
#16
Brandon J Erickson, Bernard R Bach, Nikhil N Verma, Charles A Bush-Joseph, Anthony A Romeo
BACKGROUND: Ulnar collateral ligament (UCL) tears have become common, and UCL reconstruction (UCLR) is currently the preferred surgical treatment method for treating UCL tears. PURPOSE/HYPOTHESIS: The purpose of this study was to review the literature surrounding UCL repair and determine the viability of new repair techniques for treatment of UCL tears. We hypothesized that UCL repair techniques will provide comparable results to UCLR for treatment of UCL tears...
January 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198605/the-effect-of-gymnastic-training-on-muscle-strength-and-co-activation-during-isometric-elbow-and-glenohumeral-flexion-extension
#17
Andrzej Kochanowicz, Bartłomiej Niespodziński, Jan Mieszkowski, Kazimierz Kochanowicz, Stanisław Sawczyn
BACKGROUND: The purpose of the study was to demonstrate the differences between non- athletes and gymnasts at the pre- and post-pubertal age in the development of peak torque and ensuing flexion/extension ratios at the elbow and the glenohumeral joints, as well as to assess the relevance of the above activities for the co-activation of selected muscles. METHODS: The study involved 20 gymnasts and 20 non-athletes aged 8-9 years, in addition to 12 gymnasts and 16 non-athletes aged 18-25 years...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198550/birth-injuries-to-growth-plates-a-sheep-in-wolves-clothing
#18
Jerrin Varghese, Matthew Teng, Mingqian Huang, Dvorah Balsam
Growth plate injuries (Salter-Harris type 1 or physeal fractures) of the long bones in the newborn are easily misdiagnosed as joint fractures with dislocations due to their nonossified epiphyses on plain radiographs. Diagnosis with musculoskeletal ultrasound (US) is advantageous due to its ability to visualize the nonossified epiphysis. We present two cases of humeral growth plate fractures in newborns, one at the shoulder (proximal humerus) and the other at the elbow (distal humerus). These cases emphasize the importance of quick and noninvasive diagnosis with US to avoid unnecessary intervention...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Ultrasound: JCU
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197017/characterization-and-therapeutic-application-of-canine-adipose-mesenchymal-stem-cells-to-treat-elbow-osteoarthritis
#19
Éva Kriston-Pál, Ágnes Czibula, Zoltán Gyuris, Gyula Balka, Antal Seregi, Farkas Sükösd, Miklós Süth, Endre Kiss-Tóth, Lajos Haracska, Ferenc Uher, Éva Monostori
Visceral adipose tissue (AT) obtained from surgical waste during routine ovariectomies was used as a source for isolating canine mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). As determined by cytofluorimetry, passage 2 cells expressed MSC markers CD44 and CD90 and were negative for lineage-specific markers CD34 and CD45. The cells differentiated toward osteogenic, adipogenic, and chondrogenic directions. With therapeutic aims, 30 dogs (39 joints) suffering from elbow dysplasia (ED) and osteoarthritis (OA) were intra-articularly transplanted with allogeneic MSCs suspended in 0...
January 2017: Canadian Journal of Veterinary Research, Revue Canadienne de Recherche Vétérinaire
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196385/-comparison-of-different-mechanical-insufflator-exsufflator-systems-by-measurement-of-the-peak-exspiratory-flow-pef
#20
Ansgar Schütz, Janine Wagner, Anne Conrad, Andreas Funke
Background The management of pulmonary secretion in patients with respiratory muscle weakness using mechanical insufflator-exsufflator systems (MIE) is an established treatment option. There are significant differences in the efficiency of different devices in practical use. The intention of this study was to evaluate the peak exspiratory flow (PEF) values of different devices with and without use of equipment. Methods PEFs of ten MIE were investigated in vitro using different equipment. Results The efficiency of the devices showed significant differences...
February 14, 2017: Pneumologie
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