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Martin Uhl, Stefan Schwab, Thomas Efferth
A 52-year-old male patient was treated with standard radiochemotherapy with temozolomide for glioblastoma multiforme (GBM). After worsening of his clinical condition, further tumor-specific treatment was unlikely to be successful, and the patient seeked help from an alternative practitioner, who administered a combination of dichloroacetate (DCA) and artesunate (ART). A few days later, the patient showed clinical and laboratory signs of liver damage and bone marrow toxicity (leukopenia, thrombocytopenia). Despite successful restoration of laboratory parameters upon symptomatic treatment, the patient died 10 days after the infusion...
2016: Frontiers in Oncology
F Samuel van Nierop, W Kulik, Erik Endert, Frank G Schaap, Steven W Olde Damink, Johannes A Romijn, Maarten R Soeters
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Bile acids (BA) are pleiotropic hormones affecting glucose and lipid metabolism. The physiochemical properties of different BA species affect their enterohepatic dynamics and their affinity for bile acid receptors. The BA pool composition is altered in patients with type 2 diabetes and obesity. In this study we used a 2-week very-low-calorie diet (VLCD) to investigate the effects of weight loss on BA pool composition and postprandial dynamics. METHODS: We performed mixed meal tests in obese, insulin resistant subjects before and after the VLCD...
October 13, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
Margaret O James, Stephan C Jahn, Guo Zhong, Marci G Smeltz, Zhiwei Hu, Peter W Stacpoole
Dichloroacetate (DCA) has several therapeutic applications based on its pharmacological property of inhibiting pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase. DCA has been used to treat inherited mitochondrial disorders that result in lactic acidosis, as well as pulmonary hypertension and several different solid tumors, the latter through its ability to reverse the Warburg effect in cancer cells and restore aerobic glycolysis. The main clinically limiting toxicity is reversible peripheral neuropathy. Although administration of high doses to rodents can result in liver cancer, there is no evidence that DCA is a human carcinogen...
October 19, 2016: Pharmacology & Therapeutics
Agda Marobo Andreotti, Marcelo Coelho Goiato, Adhara Smith Nobrega, Emily Vivianne Freitas da Silva, Humberto Gennari Filho, Eduardo Piza Pellizzer, Daniela Micheline Dos Santos
The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate the relationship between two methods used to assess implant stability, investigating whether both provide similar implant stability assessments for the same clinical case. A literature search was conducted on MEDLINE-PubMed and Scopus databases, without limitation publication period, up to November 2015. The following key words were used, with associations among them: "dental implant", "dental implants", "Osstell", "resonance frequency analysis", "implant stability quotient", "ISQ", "Periostest", "Periotest value" and "PTV"...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Periodontology
Ursula Oestreicher, Daniel Samaga, Elizabeth Ainsbury, Ana Catarina Antunes, Ans Baeyens, Leonardo Barrios, Christina Beinke, Philip Beukes, William F Blakely, Alexandra Cucu, Andrea De Amicis, Julie Depuydt, Stefania De Sanctis, Marina Di Giorgio, Katalin Dobos, Inmaculada Dominguez, Pham Ngoc Duy, Marco E Espinoza, Farrah N Flegal, Markus Figel, Omar Garcia, Octávia Monteiro Gil, Eric Gregoire, C Guerrero-Carbajal, İnci Güçlü, Valeria Hadjidekova, Prakash Hande, Ulrike Kulka, Jennifer Lemon, Carita Lindholm, Florigio Lista, Katalin Lumniczky, Wilner Martinez-Lopez, Nataliya Maznyk, Roberta Meschini, Radia M'kacher, Alegria Montoro, Jayne Moquet, Mercedes Moreno, Mihaela Noditi, Jelena Pajic, Analía Radl, Michelle Ricoul, Horst Romm, Laurence Roy, Laure Sabatier, Natividad Sebastià, Jacobus Slabbert, Sylwester Sommer, Monica Stuck Oliveira, Uma Subramanian, Yumiko Suto, Tran Que, Antonella Testa, Georgia Terzoudi, Anne Vral, Ruth Wilkins, LusiYanti Yanti, Demetre Zafiropoulos, Andrzej Wojcik
PURPOSE: Two quality controlled inter-laboratory exercises were organized within the EU project 'Realizing the European Network of Biodosimetry (RENEB)' to further optimize the dicentric chromosome assay (DCA) and to identify needs for training and harmonization activities within the RENEB network. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The general study design included blood shipment, sample processing, analysis of chromosome aberrations and radiation dose assessment. After manual scoring of dicentric chromosomes in different cell numbers dose estimations and corresponding 95% confidence intervals were submitted by the participants...
October 21, 2016: International Journal of Radiation Biology
Tripti Pandey, Rohit Shukla, Harish Shukla, Amit Sonkar, Timir Tripathi, Arvind Kumar Singh
Peroxides are one of the most important radicals that cause oxidative stress. Certain Glutathione S-transferases (GSTs) have been reported to show peroxidase activity. We report a novel peroxidase activity of Synechocystis GST- sll1545. The recombinant protein was purified to homogeneity and characterized. Low Km (0.109μM) and high Vmax (0.663μmol.min(-1)) values suggest a high preference of sll1545 for cumenehydroperoxide. Disc inhibition assay confirmed the ability of the enzyme to protect cells against peroxide-induced damage...
October 16, 2016: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Naoyuki Makita, Jun Ishiguro, Keisuke Suzuki, Futoshi Nara
OBJECTIVES: Recently, there has been a growing interest in the mechanism of action of dichloroacetate (DCA) for T-cell differentiation; however, this mechanism has not been elucidated in detail. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the mechanism of action of DCA for Treg and Th17 differentiation with pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase (PDHK) inhibitor (AZD7545) and PDHK knockdown. METHODS: Inhibitory activity of DCA and AZD7545 against recombinant PDHK and intracellular PDH phosphorylation was measured...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Laure Vieillevigne, Sandra Bessieres, Monia Ouali, Christel Lanaspeze
PURPOSE: Flattening filter free (FFF) beams are frequently used for stereotactic body radiation therapy with various treatment modalities: conventional static fields, dynamic conformal arc (DCA) or Rapid Arc (RA). The goal of this study was to obtain some criteria to enable a conscious choice of the employment of FFF beams and of the DCA or RA technique, depending on the PTV size. METHODS AND MATERIALS: 24 PTVs from 1.52cm(3) to 445.24cm(3) were studied in various sites: virtual phantom, lung and liver...
October 15, 2016: Physica Medica: PM
Ying Guo, YouCai Zhang, WeiHua Huang, Felcy Pavithra Selwyn, Curtis D Klaassen
BACKGROUND: Berberine (BBR) is a traditional antimicrobial herbal medicine. Recently, BBR has gained popularity as a supplement to lower blood lipids, cholesterol and glucose. Bile acids (BAs) are known to regulate blood levels of triglycerides, cholesterol, glucose and energy homeostasis, and gut flora play an important role in BA metabolism. However, whether BBR alters BAs metabolism or dose-response effect of BBR on gut flora is unknown. METHODS: In this study, the effects of various doses of BBR on the concentrations of BAs in liver and serum of male C57BL/6 mice were determined by UPLC-MS/MS, and the expression of BA-related genes, as well as the amount of 32 of the most abundant gut bacterial species in the terminal ileum and large intestine of male C57BL/6 mice were quantified by RT-PCR and Quantigene 2...
October 18, 2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Tatjana Harting, Mandy Stubbendorff, Saskia Willenbrock, Siegfried Wagner, Patrik Schadzek, Anaclet Ngezahayo, Hugo Murua Escobar, Ingo Nolte
The Warburg effect describes the ability of cancer cells to produce energy via aerobic glycolysis instead of oxidative phosphorylation of pyruvate. This deviation in mitochondrial metabolism inhibits apoptosis, allowing increased proliferation under conditions of reduced oxygen levels. Dichloroacetate (DCA) was successfully used in several human cancer cell lines to reactivate oxidative phosphorylation in mitochondria. The aim of this study was the characterization and response of canine cancer cell lines after DCA exposure...
October 5, 2016: International Journal of Oncology
Zhongli Chen, Andreas Schäffer
The anti-seasonal hydrology with 30m water fluctuations in the Three Gorges Reservoir (TGR) of China attracts growing environmental and ecological concerns. We investigated the biotransformation of the herbicide propanil in plants dominating in the littoral zone of the TGR by applying the (14)C-ring-labeled herbicide into non-aseptic hydroponic plant systems (Cynodon dactylon, Nelumbo nucifera and Bidens pilosa), aseptic plants (Lemna minor and Lemna gibba) and cell suspension cultures (C. dactylon and L. minor)...
October 2016: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
Xiaojiaoyang Li, Zihang Yuan, Runping Liu, Hozeifa M Hassan, Hang Yang, Rong Sun, Luyong Zhang, Zhenzhou Jiang
Estrogen-induced cholestasis, known as intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP), is an estrogen-related liver disease that is widely recognized as female or pregnancy-specific. Our previous findings showed that the synthetic estrogen, 17α-ethinylestradiol (EE), induced cholestatic injury through ERK1/2-LKB1-AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) signaling pathway and its mediated suppression of farnesoid X receptor (FXR). To investigate the role played by bile acids in EE-induced cholestasis, we evaluated the effects of chenodeoxycholic acid (CDCA), ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) and deoxycholic acid (DCA) on sandwich cultured rat primary hepatocytes (SCRHs) and an in vivo rat model...
October 12, 2016: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
Jérôme Allyn, Cyril Ferdynus, Michel Bohrer, Cécile Dalban, Dorothée Valance, Nicolas Allou
BACKGROUND: End-of-life decision-making in Intensive care Units (ICUs) is difficult. The main problems encountered are the lack of a reliable prediction score for death and the fact that the opinion of patients is rarely taken into consideration. The Decision Curve Analysis (DCA) is a recent method developed to evaluate the prediction models and which takes into account the wishes of patients (or surrogates) to expose themselves to the risk of obtaining a false result. Our objective was to evaluate the clinical usefulness, with DCA, of the Simplified Acute Physiology Score II (SAPS II) to predict ICU mortality...
2016: PloS One
Lina Yao, Hui Shen, Nan Wang, Jaspaul Tatlay, Liang Li, Tin Wee Tan, Yuan Kun Lee
Microalgal neutral lipids (mainly in the form of triacylglycerols (TAGs)), feasible substrates for biofuel, are typically accumulated during the stationary growth phase. To make microalgal biofuels economically competitive with fossil fuels, generating strains that trigger TAG accumulation from the exponential growth phase is a promising biological approach. The regulatory mechanisms to trigger TAG accumulation from the exponential growth phase (TAEP) are important to be uncovered for advancing economic feasibility...
October 13, 2016: Plant Biotechnology Journal
Srđan Begić, Hua Li, Rob Atkin, Anthony F Hollenkamp, Patrick C Howlett
The electrochemical systems containing zinc dicyanamide salt (Zn(dca)2) in both 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium dicyanamide ([C2mim][dca]) and N-butyl-N-methylpyrrolidinium dicyanamide ([C4mpyr][dca]) ionic liquids (ILs) have been studied by atomic force microscopy (AFM) on a highly oriented pyrolytic graphite (HOPG) surface under different conditions and applied potentials. The results reveal the following: (1) interfacial layers exist in both ILs, even after the addition of 3 wt% water and 9 mol% Zn(dca)2 salt...
October 13, 2016: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Jason Gavin, Fran Quilty, Ferenc Majer, Georgina Gilsenan, Anne Marie Byrne, Aideen Long, Gabor Radics, John F Gilmer
Tauroursodeoxycholic acid (TUDCA) is a cytoprotective ER stress inhibitor and chemical chaperone. It has therapeutic potential in a wide array of diseases but a specific macromolecular target or molecular mechanism of action remains obscure. This Letter describes an effective new synthetic approach to taurine conjugation of bile acids which we used to prepare 3α-dansyl TUDCA (4) as a probe for TUDCA actions. As a model of ER stress we used the hepatocarcinoma cell line HUH7 and stimulation with either deoxycholic acid (DCA, 200μM) or tunicamycin (5μg/ml) and measured levels of Bip/GRP78, ATF4, CHOP and XBP1s/XBP1u...
June 23, 2016: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
Paula Ribao, Maria J Rivero, Inmaculada Ortiz
Noble metals have been used to improve the photocatalytic activity of TiO2. Noble metal nanoparticles prevent charge recombination, facilitating electron transport due to the equilibration of the Fermi levels. Furthermore, noble metal nanoparticles show an absorption band in the visible region due to a high localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) effect, which contributes to additional electron movements. Moreover, systems based on graphene, titanium dioxide, and noble metals have been used, considering that graphene sheets can carry charges, thereby reducing electron-hole recombination, and can be used as substrates of atomic thickness...
October 11, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Lenka Svecova, Nicolas Papaiconomou, Isabelle Billard
The extraction of Pd(ii) and Rh(iii) from acidic solutions containing between 1 and 8 M HCl towards three ionic liquids, namely [P66614][Cl], [P66614][Br] and [P66614][DCA], based on the trihexyltetradecylphosphonium cation ([P66614]) and chloride, bromide or dicyanamide (DCA) anions, respectively, is reported. Extraction of Pd(ii) is quantitative up to 6 M HCl (D > 3000). A value of 258 for the distribution coefficient of Rh(iii) extracted from 1 M HCl towards [P66614][Br] is also reported. [P66614][Cl] and [P66614][Br] were found to be very efficient at separating these two metals from aqueous solutions containing at least 6 mol L(-1) HCl...
September 27, 2016: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Oliver Flender, Mirko Scholz, Johannes R Klein, Kawon Oum, Thomas Lenzer
We present an ultrafast UV-Vis-NIR transient absorption study of the donor-acceptor solar-cell dye D49 in diisopropyl ether, THF and acetonitrile, as well as on mesoporous Al2O3 and TiO2 thin films. Photoexcitation at 505 nm initially populates the first electronically excited state of the dye having significant intramolecular charge transfer character ("S1/ICT"). On Al2O3 and in the three organic solvents, the dynamics are fully explained in terms of S1/ICT stabilisation (by reorientation of adjacent solvent or D49 molecules and collisional cooling), intramolecular vibrational redistribution and S1/ICT → S0 electronic decay...
September 21, 2016: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Marco Campos, Panagiotis S Karas, C Perruchon, Evangelia S Papadopoulou, Vasiliki Christou, Urania Menkissoglou-Spiroudi, Maria Christina Diez, Dimitrios G Karpouzas
Microbial degradation constitutes the key soil dissipation process for iprodione. We recently isolated a consortium, composed of an Arthrobacter sp. strain C1 and an Achromobacter sp. strain C2, that was able to convert iprodione to 3,5-dichloroaniline (3,5-DCA). However, the formation of metabolic intermediates and the role of the strains on iprodione metabolism remain unknown. We examined the degradation of iprodione and its suspected metabolic intermediates, 3,5-dichlorophenyl-carboxamide (metabolite I) and 3,5-dichlorophenylurea-acetate (metabolite II), by strains C1 and C2 and their combination under selective (MSM) and nutrient-rich conditions (LB)...
October 5, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
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