keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

DCA

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992931/livestock-mortality-and-offtake-in-sheep-and-goat-flocks-of-livestock-owners-making-use-of-services-offered-by-paravets-in-west-afghanistan
#1
Chris J M Bartels, A Qader Fakhri, M Hamed Shams, Raymond P Briscoe, Bram E C Schreuder
In the present study, we quantified the effect of livestock services provided through paravets (intermediate-level training in veterinary medicine) on mortality and offtake of small ruminants in Western Afghanistan for the years 2010, 2011 and 2013. We compared mortality in adult and in young stock, and offtake of young stock of 120 livestock owners that made use of the paravet services (Users) with 120 livestock owners who did not make use of these services (Non-users). Security issues in the districts under study influenced the choice of villages...
October 1, 2017: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983758/biotechnological-production-of-bio-based-long-chain-dicarboxylic-acids-with-oleogenious-yeasts
#2
REVIEW
Nicole Werner, Susanne Zibek
Long-chain α,ω-dicarboxylic acids (DCAs) are versatile chemical intermediates of industrial importance used as building blocks for the production of polymers, lubricants, or adhesives. The majority of industrial long-chain DCAs is produced from petro-chemical resources. An alternative is their biotechnological production from renewable materials like plant oil fatty acids by microbial fermentation using oleogenious yeasts. Oleogenious yeasts are natural long-chain DCA producers, which have to be genetically engineered for high-yield DCA production...
October 5, 2017: World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962523/metabolic-disruption-early-in-life-is-associated-with-latent-carcinogenic-activity-of-dichloroacetic-acid-in-mice
#3
Leah C Wehmas, Anthony B DeAngelo, Susan D Hester, Brian N Chorley, Gleta Carswell, Greg R Olson, Michael H George, Julia H Carter, Sandra R Eldridge, Anna Fisher, Beena Vallanat, Charles E Wood
Early-life environmental factors can influence later-life susceptibility to cancer. Recent evidence suggests that metabolic pathways may mediate this type of latency effect. Previously, we reported that short-term exposure to dichloroacetic acid (DCA) increased liver cancer in mice 84 weeks after exposure was stopped. Here, we evaluated time course dynamics for key events related to this effect. This study followed a stop-exposure design in which 28-day-old male B6C3F1 mice were given the following treatments in drinking water for up to 93 weeks: deionized water (dH2O, control); 3...
October 1, 2017: Toxicological Sciences: An Official Journal of the Society of Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958837/investigation-of-dermal-toxicity-of-ionic-liquids-in-monolayer-cultured-skin-cells-and-3d-reconstructed-human-skin-models
#4
Jee-Hyun Hwang, Hyeonji Park, Dal Woong Choi, Ki Taek Nam, Kyung-Min Lim
Ionic liquids have gained increasing attention in the chemical industry as potential green substitutes for traditional solvents. However, little is known about toxicity of ionic liquids on the skin, a major exposure portal to toxic substances. Here, we evaluated dermal toxicity of ionic liquids using human keratinocyte and fibroblast cell line, 3D reconstructed human epidermis, and full-thickness model to investigate underlying mechanisms. Cytotoxicity of ionic liquids was evaluated for representative anions, [TFSI], [PF6], [BF4], and [DCA], as well as for cations, [EMIM], [BMPY], [TBA] and [Zn], in human keratinocyte cell line, HaCaT, and human dermal fibroblasts...
September 25, 2017: Toxicology in Vitro: An International Journal Published in Association with BIBRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28957024/sparse-covariance-matrix-estimation-by-dca-based-algorithms
#5
Duy Nhat Phan, Hoai An Le Thi, Tao Pham Dinh
This letter proposes a novel approach using the [Formula: see text]-norm regularization for the sparse covariance matrix estimation (SCME) problem. The objective function of SCME problem is composed of a nonconvex part and the [Formula: see text] term, which is discontinuous and difficult to tackle. Appropriate DC (difference of convex functions) approximations of [Formula: see text]-norm are used that result in approximation SCME problems that are still nonconvex. DC programming and DCA (DC algorithm), powerful tools in nonconvex programming framework, are investigated...
September 28, 2017: Neural Computation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952946/model-based-dynamic-control-allocation-in-a-hybrid-neuroprosthesis
#6
Nicholas A Kirsch, Xuefeng Bao, Naji A Alibeji, Brad E Dicianno, Nitin Sharma
A hybrid neuroprosthesis that combines human muscle power, elicited through functional electrical stimulation (FES), with a powered orthosis may be advantageous over a sole FES or a powered exoskeleton-based rehabilitation system. The hybrid system can conceivably overcome torque reduction due to FESinduced muscle fatigue by complementarily using torque from the powered exoskeleton. The second advantage of the hybrid system is that the use of human muscle power can supplement the powered exoskeleton's power (motor torque) requirements; thus, potentially reducing the size and weight of a walking restoration system...
September 22, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944808/multimodal-porous-carbon-derived-from-ionic-liquids-correlation-between-pore-sizes-and-ionic-clusters
#7
Jun Hui Jeong, Je Seung Lee, Kwang Chul Roh, Kwang-Bum Kim
In this proof of concept study on the synthesis of ionic liquid (IL)-derived multimodal porous carbon using ionic clusters of different sizes as porogens, the carbonization behaviors of binary IL mixtures of 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium dicyanamide (EMIM-dca) and 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide (EMIM-Tf2N) were systematically investigated to demonstrate the formation of multimodal porous carbons with hierarchical structures originating from the ionic cluster porogens. The multimodal porous structures of the resulting IL-derived porous carbons were characterized based on the quenched solid density functional theory, and the role of the ionic clusters as porogens is discussed...
October 5, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941013/deoxycholic-acid-promotes-development-of-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease-and-barrett-s-oesophagus-by-modulating-integrin-%C3%AE-v-trafficking
#8
David O Prichard, Anne Marie Byrne, James O Murphy, John V Reynolds, Jacintha O'Sullivan, Ronan Feighery, Brendan Doyle, Osama Sharaf Eldin, Stephen P Finn, Aoife Maguire, Deirdre Duff, Dermot P Kelleher, Aideen Long
The fundamental mechanisms underlying erosive oesophagitis and subsequent development of Barrett's oesophagus (BO) are poorly understood. Here, we investigated the contribution of specific components of the gastric refluxate on adhesion molecules involved in epithelial barrier maintenance. Cell line models of squamous epithelium (HET-1A) and BO (QH) were used to examine the effects of bile acids on cell adhesion to extracellular matrix proteins (Collagen, laminin, vitronectin, fibronectin) and expression of integrin ligands (α3 , α4, α5 , α6 and αν )...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939122/functional-genomics-assessment-of-narcotic-and-specific-acting-chemical-pollutants-using-e-%C3%A2-coli
#9
Miao Guan, Wendi Fang, Sana Ullah, Xiaowei Zhang, Quaiser Saquib, Abdulaziz A Al-Khedhairy
The knowledge of gene-chemical interaction can be used to derive toxicological mechanism of chemical pollutants, therefore, it might be useful to discriminate chemicals with different mechanisms. In this study, three narcotic chemicals (4-chlorophenol (4-CP), 3, 4-dichloroaniline (DCA) and 2, 2, 2-trichloroethanol (TCE)) and three specific acting chemicals (triclosan (TCS), clarithromycin (CLARY), sulfamethoxazole (SMX)) were assessed by Escherichia coli (E. coli) genome-wide knockout screening. 66, 97, 88, 144, 198 and 180 initial robust hits were identified by exposure to 4-CP, DCA, TCE, TCS, CLARY and SMX with two replicates at the concentration of IC50, respectively...
September 19, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935868/importance-of-time-in-therapeutic-range-on-bleeding-risk-prediction-using-clinical-risk-scores-in-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation
#10
José Miguel Rivera-Caravaca, Vanessa Roldán, María Asunción Esteve-Pastor, Mariano Valdés, Vicente Vicente, Gregory Y H Lip, Francisco Marín
Bleeding risk with vitamin K antagonists (VKAs) is closely related to the quality of anticoagulation in atrial fibrillation (AF) patients, reflected by time in therapeutic range (TTR). Here we compared the discrimination performance of different bleeding risk scores and investigated if adding TTR would improve their predictive value and clinical usefulness. We included 1361 AF patients stables on VKA for at least 6 months. Bleeding risk was assessed by the HAS-BLED, ATRIA, ORBIT and HEMORR2HAGES scores. Major bleeding events were recorded after a median of 6...
September 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934276/enhanced-pyruvate-dehydrogenase-activity-improves-cardiac-outcomes-in-a-murine-model-of-cardiac-arrest
#11
Lin Piao, Yong-Hu Fang, Manfred M Kubler, Michael W Donnino, Willard W Sharp
RATIONALE: Post-ischemic changes in cellular metabolism alter myocardial and neurological function. Pyruvate dehydrogenase (PDH), the limiting step in mitochondrial glucose oxidation, is inhibited by increased expression of PDH kinase (PDK) during ischemia/reperfusion injury. This results in decreased utilization of glucose to generate cellular ATP. Post-cardiac arrest (CA) hypothermia improves outcomes and alters metabolism, but its influence on PDH and PDK activity following CA are unknown...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932767/patient-specific-workup-of-adrenal-incidentalomas
#12
REVIEW
Romy R de Haan, Johannes B R Visser, Ewoud Pons, Richard A Feelders, Uzay Kaymak, M G Myriam Hunink, Jacob J Visser
PURPOSE: : To develop a clinical prediction model to predict a clinically relevant adrenal disorder for patients with adrenal incidentaloma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: : This retrospective study is approved by the institutional review board, with waiver of informed consent. Natural language processing is used for filtering of adrenal incidentaloma cases in all thoracic and abdominal CT reports from 2010 till 2012. A total of 635 patients are identified. Stepwise logistic regression is used to construct the prediction model...
2017: European Journal of Radiology Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928911/prediction-of-low-birth-weight-delivery-by-maternal-status-and-its-validation-decision-curve-analysis
#13
Mehri Rejali, Marjan Mansourian, Zohre Babaei, Babak Eshrati
BACKGROUND: In this study, we evaluated assessed elements connected with low birth weight (LBW) and used decision curve analysis (DCA) to define a scale to anticipate the probability of having a LBW newborn child. METHODS: This hospital-based case-control study was led in Arak Hospital in Iran. The study included 470 mothers with LBW neonate and 470 mothers with natural neonates. Information were gathered by meeting moms utilizing preplanned organized questionnaire and from hospital records...
2017: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928817/dichloroacetate-induces-protective-autophagy-in-esophageal-squamous-carcinoma-cells
#14
Hong-Yu Jia, He-Nan Wang, Feng-Yu Xia, Yan Sun, Hong-Li Liu, Li-Li Yan, Shan-Shan Li, Dong-Chun Jiang, Mei-Mei Xu
Dichloroacetate (DCA) is an inhibitor of pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase, which promotes the flux of carbohydrates into mitochondria and enhances the aerobic oxidation of glucose. DCA has previously been demonstrated to exhibit antitumor properties. The present study revealed that treatment with DCA induced increased levels of autophagy-associated proteins in esophageal squamous carcinoma cells while minimally affecting apoptosis. The present study examined the localization of light chain (LC)-3 by adenovirus infection with a green fluorescent protein (FP)-red FP-LC3 reporter construction and confirmed that DCA treatment induced significant autophagy...
September 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922914/effect-of-boron-clusters-on-the-ignition-reaction-of-hno3-and-dicynanamide-based-ionic-liquids
#15
Michael W Schmidt, Mark S Gordon
Many ionic liquids containing the dicynamide anion (DCA(-), formula N(CN)2(-)) exhibit hypergolic ignition when exposed to the common oxidizer nitric acid. However, the ignition delay is often about 10 times longer than the desired 5 ms for rocket applications, so that improvements are desired. Experiments in the past decade have suggested both a mechanism for the early reaction steps and also that additives such as decaborane can reduce the ignition delay. The mechanisms for reactions of nitric acid with both DCA(-) and protonated DCAH are considered here, using accurate wave function methods...
October 6, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915065/targeting-hif-1%C3%AE-pdk1-axis-by-dichloroacetate-dca-suppresses-bleomycin-induced-pulmonary-fibrosis
#16
Justin Goodwin, Hyunsung Choi, Meng-Hsiung Hsieh, Michael L Neugent, Jung-Mo Ahn, Heather N Hayenga, Pankaj K Singh, David B Shackelford, In-Kyu Lee, Vladimir Shulaev, Shanta Dhar, Norihiko Takeda, Jung-Whan Kim
RATIONALE: Hypoxia has long been implicated in the pathogenesis of fibrotic diseases. Aberrantly activated myofibroblasts are the primary pathological driver of fibrotic progression, yet how various microenvironmental influences such as hypoxia contribute to their sustained activation and differentiation is poorly understood. OBJECTIVES: As a defining feature of hypoxia is its impact on cellular metabolism, we sought to investigate how hypoxia-induced metabolic reprogramming affects myofibroblast differentiation and fibrotic progression, and to test the pre-clinical efficacy of targeting glycolytic metabolism for the treatment of pulmonary fibrosis...
September 15, 2017: American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914978/model-informed-dose-optimization-of-dichloroacetate-for-the-treatment-of-congenital-lactic-acidosis-in-children
#17
Naveen Mangal, Margaret O James, Peter W Stacpoole, Stephan Schmidt
Dichloroacetate (DCA) is an investigational drug used to treat congenital lactic acidosis and other mitochondrial disorders. Response to DCA therapy in young children may be suboptimal following body weight-based dosing. This is because of autoinhibition of its metabolism, age-dependent changes in pharmacokinetics, and polymorphisms in glutathione transferase zeta 1 (GSTZ1), its primary metabolizing enzyme. Our objective was to predict optimal DCA doses for the treatment of congenital lactic acidosis in children...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892150/hepatic-inflammation-caused-by-dysregulated-bile-acid-synthesis-is-reversible-by-butyrate-supplementation
#18
Lili Sheng, Prasant Kumar Jena, Ying Hu, Hui-Xin Liu, Nidhi Nagar, Karen M Kalanetra, Samuel William French, Samuel Wheeler French, David A Mills, Yu-Jui Yvonne Wan
Dysregulated bile acid (BA) synthesis or reduced farnesoid x receptor (FXR) levels are found in patients having metabolic diseases, autoimmune hepatitis, and liver cirrhosis or cancer. The objective of this study was to establish the relationship between butyrate and dysregulated BA synthesis-induced hepatitis as well as the effect of butyrate in reversing the liver pathology. Wild type (WT) and FXR knockout (KO) male mice were placed on control (CD) or Western diet (WD) for 15 months. In the presence or absence of butyrate supplementation, feces obtained from 15-month-old WD-fed FXR KO mice, which had severe hepatitis and liver tumors, were transplanted to 7-month-old WD-fed FXR KO for 3 months...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887332/the-cerebro-cardiovascular-response-to-periodic-squat-stand-maneuvers-in-healthy-subjects-a-time-domain-analysis
#19
Sam C Barnes, Naomi Ball, Victoria Joanna Haunton, Thompson G Robinson, Ronney B Panerai
BACKGROUND: Squat-stand maneuvers (SSMs) have been used to improve the coherence of transfer function analysis (TFA) estimates during the assessment of dynamic cerebral autoregulation (dCA). There is a need to understand the influence of peripheral changes resulting from SSMs on cerebral blood flow, which might confound estimates of dCA. METHODS: 29 healthy subjects underwent recordings at rest (5 min standing) and 15 SSMs (0.05Hz). Heart rate (3-lead ECG), end-tidal CO2 (capnography), blood pressure (Finometer), cerebral blood velocity (CBV, transcranial Doppler, MCA) and the angle of the thigh (tilt sensor) were measured continuously...
September 8, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887170/synthesis-and-evaluation-of-antitumor-anti-inflammatory-and-analgesic-activity-of-novel-deoxycholic-acid-derivatives-bearing-aryl-or-hetarylsulfanyl-moieties-at-the-c-3-position
#20
Irina I Popadyuk, Andrey V Markov, Ekaterina A Morozova, Valeriya O Babich, Oksana V Salomatina, Evgeniya B Logashenko, Marina A Zenkova, Tat'yana G Tolstikova, Nariman F Salakhutdinov
Novel deoxycholic acid (DCA) derivatives were stereoselectively synthesised with -OH and -CH2SR moieties at the C-3 position, where R was a substituted aryl [2-aminophenyl (8) or 4-chlorophenyl (9)] or hetaryl [1-methylimidazolyl (5), 1,2,4-triazolyl (6), 5-amino-1,3,4-thiadiazolyl (7), pyridinyl (10) or pyrimidinyl (11)]. These compounds were prepared in good yields from the C-3β-epoxy derivative 2 in the epoxide ring-opening reaction by S-nucleophiles. These derivatives were evaluated for their in vitro anti-proliferation activity in a panel of tumor cell lines...
September 5, 2017: Steroids
keyword
keyword
17518
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"