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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214544/can-functional-magnetic-resonance-imaging-studies-help-with-the-optimization-of-health-messaging-for-lifestyle-behavior-change-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Maxine E Whelan, Paul S Morgan, Lauren B Sherar, Mark W Orme, Dale W Esliger
Unhealthy behaviors, including smoking, poor nutrition, excessive alcohol consumption, physical inactivity and sedentary lifestyles, are global risk factors for non-communicable diseases and premature death. Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) offers a unique approach to optimize health messages by examining how the brain responds to information relating to health. Our aim was to systematically review fMRI studies that have investigated variations in brain activation in response to health messages relating to (i) smoking; (ii) alcohol consumption; (iii) physical activity; (iv) diet; and (v) sedentary behavior...
February 15, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214234/reablement-reactivation-rehabilitation-and-restorative-interventions-with-older-adults-in-receipt-of-home-care-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Joanie Sims-Gould, Catherine E Tong, Lutetia Wallis-Mayer, Maureen C Ashe
OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the impact of reablement, reactivation, rehabilitation, and restorative (4R) programs for older adults in receipt of home care services. DESIGN: Systematic review. DATA SOURCES: We searched the following electronic bibliographic databases: MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, CINAHL (Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health), SPORTDiscus and The Cochrane Library and reference lists. STUDY SELECTION: Randomized controlled trials that describe original data on the impact of home-based rehabilitative care and were written in English...
February 14, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207548/egfr-mutation-testing-in-blood-for-guiding-egfr-tyrosine-kinase-inhibitor-treatment-in-patients-with-nonsmall-cell-lung-cancer-a-protocol-for-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
Jin-Qiu Yuan, Yue-Lun Zhang, Hai-Tao Li, Chen Mao
BACKGROUND: Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutation testing in tumor tissue is now a common practice in selecting non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients for EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) treatment. However, tumor tissues are often absent or insufficient for the testing. Blood is a potential substitute providing a noninvasive, easily accessible and repeatedly measureable source of genotypic information. However which is the best blood EGFR mutation testing method remains unclear...
February 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203084/use-of-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-for-the-treatment-of-auditory-hallucinations-of-schizophrenia-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Pedro H Pondé, Eduardo P de Sena, Joan A Camprodon, Arão Nogueira de Araújo, Mário F Neto, Melany DiBiasi, Abrahão Fontes Baptista, Lidia Mvr Moura, Camila Cosmo
INTRODUCTION: Auditory hallucinations are defined as experiences of auditory perceptions in the absence of a provoking external stimulus. They are the most prevalent symptoms of schizophrenia with high capacity for chronicity and refractoriness during the course of disease. The transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) - a safe, portable, and inexpensive neuromodulation technique - has emerged as a promising treatment for the management of auditory hallucinations. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to analyze the level of evidence in the literature available for the use of tDCS as a treatment for auditory hallucinations in schizophrenia...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196551/effects-of-hospital-palliative-care-on-health-length-of-stay-and-in-hospital-mortality-across-intensive-and-non-intensive-care-units-a-systematic-review-and-metaanalysis
#5
Xibei Liu, Yaser Dawod, Alex Wonnaparhown, Amaan Shafi, Loomee Doo, Ji Won Yoo, Eunjeong Ko, Youn Seon Choi
OBJECTIVE: Hospital palliative care has been shown to improve quality of life and optimize hospital utilization for seriously ill patients who need intensive care. The present review examined whether hospital palliative care in intensive care (ICU) and non-ICU settings will influence hospital length of stay and in-hospital mortality. METHOD: A systematic search of CINAHL/EBSCO, the Cochrane Library, Google Scholar, MEDLINE/Ovid, PubMed, and the Web of Science through 12 October 2016 identified 16 studies that examined the effects of hospital palliative care and reported on hospital length of stay and in-hospital death...
February 15, 2017: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196529/prevalence-of-depression-and-anxiety-in-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
Lijuan Zhang, Ting Fu, Rulan Yin, Qiuxiang Zhang, Biyu Shen
BACKGROUND: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients are at high risk for depression and anxiety. However, the estimated prevalence of these disorders varies substantially between studies. This systematic review aimed to establish pooled prevalence levels of depression and anxiety among adult SLE patients. METHODS: We systematically reviewed databases including PubMed, Embase, PsycINFO, and the Cochrane database library from their inception to August 2016. Studies presenting data on depression and/or anxiety in adult SLE patients and having a sample size of at least 60 patients were included...
February 14, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195845/an-analysis-of-laser-therapy-for-the-treatment-of-nonmelanoma-skin-cancer
#7
Teo Soleymani, Michael Abrouk, Kristen M Kelly
BACKGROUND: Skin cancer remains the most prevalent type of cancer in the United States, and its burden on the health care system remains substantial. Standard treatments such as cryosurgery, electrodessication and curettage, topical and photodynamic therapies, and surgical excision including Mohs micrographic surgery are not without inherent morbidity, including risk of bleeding, infection, and scar. OBJECTIVE: Lasers may be an alternative for treatment of nonmelanoma skin cancer, and this paper reviews this therapeutic option...
February 9, 2017: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194870/participation-in-clinical-trials-improves-outcomes-in-women-s-health-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
REVIEW
S K Nijjar, M I D'Amico, N A Wimalaweera, Nam Cooper, J Zamora, K S Khan
BACKGROUND: Previous reviews examining the effect of participation in trials on outcomes have not consistently shown benefit. Obstetrics and gynaecology is a unique disease area posing challenges for both researchers and patients. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether participation in randomised controlled trials (RCTs), compared with non-participation, has a beneficial effect on women's health. SEARCH STRATEGY: Medline, Embase, the Cochrane Library, and PsycInfo were searched up to December 2015...
February 14, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193848/measurement-properties-of-self-report-physical-activity-assessment-tools-in-stroke-a-protocol-for-a-systematic-review
#9
Júlia Caetano Martins, Larissa Tavares Aguiar, Sylvie Nadeau, Aline Alvim Scianni, Luci Fuscaldi Teixeira-Salmela, Christina Danielli Coelho de Morais Faria
INTRODUCTION: Self-report physical activity assessment tools are commonly used for the evaluation of physical activity levels in individuals with stroke. A great variety of these tools have been developed and widely used in recent years, which justify the need to examine their measurement properties and clinical utility. Therefore, the main objectives of this systematic review are to examine the measurement properties and clinical utility of self-report measures of physical activity and discuss the strengths and limitations of the identified tools...
February 13, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193372/-scientific-evidence-on-preventive-interventions-in-childhood-obesity
#10
Raquel Alba-Martín
INTRODUCTION: The increasing prevalence of obesity or overweight at all ages, their associated morbidity and mortality associated, and the increased perception of the problem by the society have generated several hypotheses in response to the scientific and the international community. OBJECTIVE: Investigate the preventive interventions in childhood obesity so far. METHODS: Integrative review during the study period from April 2013 to November 2014...
January 2017: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191467/effects-of-tibolone-on-the-central-nervous-system-clinical-and-experimental-approaches
#11
REVIEW
Rodolfo Pinto-Almazán, Julia J Segura-Uribe, Eunice D Farfán-García, Christian Guerra-Araiza
Hormone replacement therapy (HRT) increases the risk of endometrial and breast cancer. A strategy to reduce this incidence is the use of tibolone (TIB). The aim of this paper was to address the effects of TIB on the central nervous system (CNS). For the present review, MEDLINE (via PubMed), LILACS (via BIREME), Ovid Global Health, SCOPUS, Scielo, and PsycINFO (ProQuest Research Library) electronic databases were searched for the results of controlled clinical trials on peri- and postmenopausal women published from 1990 to September 2016...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190396/in-vitro-screening-of-an-fda-approved-library-against-eskape-pathogens
#12
Waleed Younis, Ahmed AbdelKhalek, Abdelrahman S Mayhoub, Mohamed N Seleem
Bacterial resistance to conventional antibiotics is an increasingly serious threat to public health worldwide that requires immediate exploration and the development of novel antimicrobial compounds. Drug repurposing is an inexpensive and untapped source of new antimicrobial leads, and it holds many attractive features warranting further attention for antimicrobial drug discovery. In an effort to repurpose drugs and explore new leads in the field of antimicrobial drug discovery, we performed a whole-cell screening assay of 1,600 Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved drugs against Enterococcus faecium, Staphylococcus aureus, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Acinetobacter baumannii, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Enterobacter cloacae (ESKAPE) pathogens...
February 9, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188712/-viable-allergenic-fungi-in-a-documentary-deposit-of-the-national-archive-of-cuba
#13
Alian Molina-Veloso, Sofía F Borrego-Alonso
BACKGROUND: Intense and persistent exposure to indoor-air biological agents has been associated with the appearance of allergic diseases. Archives and libraries Indoor environments in tropical countries are an important reservoir of fungal propagules. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the degree of air pollution with allergenic fungi in a repository of frequently-manipulated documents. METHODS: Air sampling was performed by two methods: active (biocollector) and passive (sedimentation plate)...
January 2017: Revista Alergia Mexico: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Mexicana de Alergia e Inmunología, A.C
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187945/impact-of-ambient-temperature-on-morbidity-and-mortality-an-overview-of-reviews
#14
Xuping Song, Shigong Wang, Yuling Hu, Man Yue, Tingting Zhang, Yu Liu, Jinhui Tian, Kezheng Shang
The objectives were (i) to conduct an overview of systematic reviews to summarize evidence from and evaluate the methodological quality of systematic reviews assessing the impact of ambient temperature on morbidity and mortality; and (ii) to reanalyse meta-analyses of cold-induced cardiovascular morbidity in different age groups. The registration number is PROSPERO-CRD42016047179. PubMed, Embase, the Cochrane Library, Web of Science, the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), and Global Health were systematically searched to identify systematic reviews...
February 7, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187425/computational-lipidomics-and-lipid-bioinformatics-filling-in-the-blanks
#15
Josch Pauling, Edda Klipp
Lipids are highly diverse metabolites of pronounced importance in health and disease. While metabolomics is a broad field under the omics umbrella that may also relate to lipids, lipidomics is an emerging field which specializes in the identification, quantification and functional interpretation of complex lipidomes. Today, it is possible to identify and distinguish lipids in a high-resolution, high-throughput manner and simultaneously with a lot of structural detail. However, doing so may produce thousands of mass spectra in a single experiment which has created a high demand for specialized computational support to analyze these spectral libraries...
December 22, 2016: Journal of Integrative Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185369/sensory-overload-a-concept-analysis
#16
REVIEW
Stefan Scheydt, Maria Müller Staub, Fritz Frauenfelder, Gunnar H Nielsen, Johann Behrens, Ian Needham
In the context of mental disorders sensory overload is a widely described phenomenon used in conjunction with psychiatric interventions such as removal from stimuli. However, the theoretical foundation of sensory overload as addressed in the literature can be described as insufficient and fragmentary. To date, the concept of sensory overload has not yet been sufficiently specified or analyzed. The aim of the study was to analyze the concept of sensory overload in mental health care. A literature search was undertaken using specific electronic databases, specific journals and websites, hand searches, specific library catalogues, and electronic publishing databases...
February 9, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185268/interventions-for-raising-breast-cancer-awareness-in-women
#17
REVIEW
Máirín O'Mahony, Harry Comber, Tony Fitzgerald, Mark A Corrigan, Eileen Fitzgerald, Elizabeth A Grunfeld, Maura G Flynn, Josephine Hegarty
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer continues to be the most commonly diagnosed cancer in women globally. Early detection, diagnosis and treatment of breast cancer are key to better outcomes. Since many women will discover a breast cancer symptom themselves, it is important that they are breast cancer aware i.e. have the knowledge, skills and confidence to detect breast changes and present promptly to a healthcare professional. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness of interventions for raising breast cancer awareness in women...
February 10, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185134/cost-effectiveness-models-in-breast-cancer-screening-in-the-general-population-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Irmgard C Schiller-Frühwirth, Beate Jahn, Marjan Arvandi, Uwe Siebert
BACKGROUND: Many Western countries have long-established population-based mammography screening programs. Prior to implementing these programs, decision-analytic modeling was widely used to inform decisions. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to perform a systematic review of cost-effectiveness models in breast cancer screening in the general population to analyze their structural and methodological approaches. METHODS: A systematic literature search for health economic models was performed in the electronic databases MEDLINE (Ovid), EMBASE, CRD Databases, Cochrane Library, and EconLit in August 2011 with updates in June 2013, April 2015, and November 2016...
February 10, 2017: Applied Health Economics and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183787/prognostic-significance-of-diffuse-sclerosing-variant-papillary-thyroid-carcinoma-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
Huy Gia Vuong, Tetsuo Kondo, Thong Quang Pham, Naoki Oishi, Kunio Mochizuki, Tadao Nakazawa, Lewis Hassell, Ryohei Katoh
OBJECTIVE: Diffuse sclerosing variant papillary thyroid carcinoma (DSVPTC) is an uncommon variant of papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). The biological behaviors and prognostic outcomes of this variant, however, are still controversial. The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis is to investigate the prognostic significance and outcomes of DSVPTCs in comparison with classical PTCs (cPTCs). METHODS: An electronic search was performed in five libraries: PubMed, Scopus, ISI, World Health Organization Global Health Library (WHO GHL) and Virtual Health Library (VHL) in June 2016...
April 2017: European Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182474/parenting-as-a-focus-of-recovery-a-systematic-review-of-current-practice
#20
Andrea Reupert, Rhys Price-Robertson, Darryl Maybery
OBJECTIVES: The first aim of this article was to systematically identify and review interventions that had incorporated parenting as a focus of recovery-orientated practice in adult mental health services. The second aim was to assess the strength of the extant evidence that including parenting as a focus of recovery practice was effective in terms of improving parent, child and family wellbeing. METHOD: An online search was conducted through Scopus, PsycINFO, Ovid MEDLINE, Cochrane library, and the Australian Family & Society Abstracts, for articles published between 2006 and 2015...
February 9, 2017: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
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