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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444338/aquatic-exercise-for-the-treatment-of-hip-and-knee-osteoarthritis
#1
Marcia R Franco, Priscilla K Morelhão, Augusto Cesinando, Rafael Z Pinto
Highlights the findings and application of Cochrane reviews and other evidence pertinent to the practice of physical therapy. The Cochrane library is a respected source of reliable evidence related to health care. Cochrane systematic reviews explore the evidence for and against the effectiveness and appropriateness of interventions-medications, surgery, education, nutrition, exercise-and the evidence for and against the use of diagnostic tests for specific conditions. Cochrane reviews are designed to facilitate the decisions of clinicians, patients, and others in health care by providing a careful review and interpretation of research studies published in the scientific literature...
April 21, 2017: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443975/breastfeeding-assessment-instruments-and-their-use-in-clinical-practice
#2
Bárbara Tideman Sartorio, Kelly Pereira Coca, Karla Oliveira Marcacine, Érika de Sá Vieira Abuchaim, Ana Cristina Freitas de Vilhena Abrão
Objectives: To identify breastfeeding assessment tools, their application in clinical practice, and their validation and cross-cultural adaptation. Method: This is an integrative review of literature obtained from six databases and an online library, conducted from August 2014 to December 2015, without a temporal delimitation. Results: We identified 19 assessment tools, of which 12 were validated and five were cross-culturally adapted. In terms of adaptation, the tools were used to assess the risk of early weaning (BAPT) and the perception/behaviour of mothers during nursing (BSES-SF and IIFAS)...
April 20, 2017: Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443355/investigational-dopamine-antagonists-for-the-treatment-of-schizophrenia
#3
Sheng-Min Wang, Changsu Han, Soo-Jung Lee, Tae-Youn Jun, Ashwin A Patkar, Prakash S Masand, Chi-Un Pae
Introduction Schizophrenia is a debilitating illness with a chronic impact on social function and daily living. Although various antipsychotics are available, there are still many challenges and unmet needs. Thus, many compounds with diverse mechanisms have been investigated, but all approved antipsychotics still require interactions with dopamine D2 receptors. Areas Covered We searched for investigational drugs using the key words 'dopamine' and 'schizophrenia' in American and European clinical trial registers (clinicaltrials...
April 26, 2017: Expert Opinion on Investigational Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443354/optimization-of-intelligent-infusion-pump-technology-to-minimize-vasopressor-pump-programming-errors
#4
Nina Vadiei, Carrie A Shuman, Manasa S Murthy, Mitchell J Daley
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To determine if incorporation of vasopressor upper hard limits (UHL) into intelligent infusion pump technology (IIPT) increases efficacy of alerts by preventing pump programming errors. DESIGN & METHODS: Retrospective review from five hospitals within a single healthcare network between April 1, 2013 and May 31, 2014. A total of 65,680 vasopressor data entries were evaluated; 19,377 prior to hard limit implementation and 46,303 after hard limit implementation...
April 26, 2017: Expert Opinion on Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442155/a-rapid-review-of-consumer-health-information-needs-and-preferences
#5
REVIEW
Imogen Ramsey, Nadia Corsini, Micah D J Peters, Marion Eckert
OBJECTIVE: This rapid review summarizes best available evidence on consumers' needs and preferences for information about healthcare, with a focus on the Australian context. Three questions are addressed: 1) Where do consumers find and what platform do they use to access information about healthcare? 2) How do consumers use the healthcare information that they find? 3) About which topics or subjects do consumers need healthcare information? METHODS: A hierarchical approach was adopted with evidence first sought from reviews then high quality studies using Medline (via PubMed), CINAHL, Embase, the JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports, the Campbell Collaboration Library of Systematic Reviews, EPPI-Centre, and Epistemonikos...
April 10, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441938/mitors-a-method-for-high-throughput-sensitive-and-accurate-detection-of-mitochondrial-dna-heteroplasmy
#6
Julien Marquis, Gregory Lefebvre, Yiannis A I Kourmpetis, Mohamed Kassam, Frédéric Ronga, Umberto De Marchi, Andreas Wiederkehr, Patrick Descombes
BACKGROUND: Mitochondrial dysfunction is linked to numerous pathological states, in particular related to metabolism, brain health and ageing. Nuclear encoded gene polymorphisms implicated in mitochondrial functions can be analyzed in the context of classical genome wide association studies. By contrast, mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) variants are more challenging to identify and analyze for several reasons. First, contrary to the diploid nuclear genome, each cell carries several hundred copies of the circular mitochondrial genome...
April 26, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441153/discharge-criteria-for-the-late-preterm-infant-a-review-of-the-literature
#7
Jenny M Quinn, Marteen Sparks, Sheila M Gephart
BACKGROUND: Standardized late preterm infant (LPI) discharge criteria ensure best practice and help guide the neonatal provider to determine the appropriate level of care following birth. However, the location can vary from the well newborn setting to the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). PURPOSE: The purpose of this review is to examine differences in LPI discharge criteria between the well newborn setting and the NICU by answering the clinical questions, "What are the recommended discharge criteria for the LPI and do they differ if admitted to the well newborn setting versus the NICU?" SEARCH STRATEGY: Databases searched include CINAHL, TRIP, PubMed, and the Cochrane Library...
April 24, 2017: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440211/a-cluster-randomised-trial-cost-effectiveness-analysis-and-psychosocial-evaluation-of-insulin-pump-therapy-compared-with-multiple-injections-during-flexible-intensive-insulin-therapy-for-type-1-diabetes-the-repose-trial
#8
Simon Heller, David White, Ellen Lee, Julia Lawton, Daniel Pollard, Norman Waugh, Stephanie Amiel, Katharine Barnard, Anita Beckwith, Alan Brennan, Michael Campbell, Cindy Cooper, Munyaradzi Dimairo, Simon Dixon, Jackie Elliott, Mark Evans, Fiona Green, Gemma Hackney, Peter Hammond, Nina Hallowell, Alan Jaap, Brian Kennon, Jackie Kirkham, Robert Lindsay, Peter Mansell, Diana Papaioannou, David Rankin, Pamela Royle, W Henry Smithson, Carolin Taylor
BACKGROUND: Insulin is generally administered to people with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) using multiple daily injections (MDIs), but can also be delivered using infusion pumps. In the UK, pumps are recommended for patients with the greatest need and adult use is less than in comparable countries. Previous trials have been small, of short duration and have failed to control for training in insulin adjustment. OBJECTIVE: To assess the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of pump therapy compared with MDI for adults with T1DM, with both groups receiving equivalent structured training in flexible insulin therapy...
April 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440006/health-information-practice-integrating-inspiring-and-innovating
#9
EDITORIAL
Audrey Marshall
The 2017 virtual issue of the Health Information and Libraries Journal (HILJ) is published to link to the 12th International Congress on Medical Librarianship and the 2017 EAHIL Workshop taking place in Dublin, Ireland on 12-16 June 2017. The conference title is Diversity in Practice: integrating, inspiring and innovative and it is exploring how health science librarianship, in all its diversity, is integrating, inspiring and innovating practice. These themes have been used to compile this virtual issue, which contains published articles selected from HILJ from the June 2014 issue through to September 2016...
April 25, 2017: Health Information and Libraries Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438226/n-of-1-trials-and-the-optimal-individualisation-of-drug-treatments-a-systematic-review-protocol
#10
Weyinmi A Demeyin, Julia Frost, Obioha C Ukoumunne, Simon Briscoe, Nicky Britten
BACKGROUND: Guidelines and evidence-based drug treatment recommendations are usually based on the results of clinical trials, which have limited generalisability in routine clinical settings due to their restrictive eligibility criteria. These trials are also conducted in ideal and rigorously controlled settings. N of 1 trials, which are single patient multiple crossover studies, offer a means of increasing the evidence base and individualising care for individuals in clinical practice...
April 24, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438186/mortality-and-infectious-complications-of-therapeutic-endovascular-interventional-radiology-a-systematic-and-meta-analysis-protocol
#11
Kaoutar Mellouk Aid, Hervé Tchala Vignon Zomahoun, Abdelmajid Soulaymani, Karin Lebascle, Stephane Silvera, Pascal Astagneau, Benoit Misset
BACKGROUND: Endovascular interventional radiology (EIR) is an increasingly popular, mini invasive treatment option for patient with symptomatic vascular disease. The EIR practiced by qualified hands is an effective, well-tolerated procedure that offers relief of patient's symptoms with a low risk of complications. During acute post procedural period, immediate complications may relate to vascular access, restenosis, thromboembolic events, uterine ischemia, infection, necrosis, sepsis, ICU stay, surgical recovery, pain management, treatment failure, and death...
April 24, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437793/mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-for-treating-low-back-pain-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
Dennis Anheyer, Heidemarie Haller, Jürgen Barth, Romy Lauche, Gustav Dobos, Holger Cramer
Background: Mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) is frequently used to treat pain-related conditions, but its effects on low back pain are uncertain. Purpose: To assess the efficacy and safety of MBSR in patients with low back pain. Data Sources: Searches of MEDLINE/PubMed, Scopus, the Cochrane Library, and PsycINFO to 15 June 2016. Study Selection: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that compared MBSR with usual care or an active comparator and assessed pain intensity or pain-related disability as a primary outcome in patients with low back pain...
April 25, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437733/the-establishment-of-in%C3%A2-vitro-culture-and-drug-screening-systems-for-a-newly-isolated-strain-of-trypanosoma-equiperdum
#13
Keisuke Suganuma, Shino Yamasaki, Nthatisi Innocentia Molefe, Peter Simon Musinguzi, Batdorj Davaasuren, Ehab Mossaad, Sandagdorj Narantsatsral, Banzragch Battur, Badgar Battsetseg, Noboru Inoue
Dourine is caused by Trypanosoma equiperdum via coitus with an infected horse. Although dourine is distributed in Equidae worldwide and is listed as an internationally important animal disease by the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE), no effective treatment strategies have been established. In addition, there are no reports on drug discovery, because no drug screening system exists for this parasite. A new T. equiperdum strain was recently isolated from the genital organ of a stallion that showed typical symptoms of dourine...
April 13, 2017: International Journal for Parasitology, Drugs and Drug Resistance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437149/the-effects-of-yoga-on-positive-mental-health-among-healthy-adults-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
Tom Hendriks, Joop de Jong, Holger Cramer
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to present an overview of the research on the effects of yoga on positive mental health (PMH) among non-clinical adult populations. METHODS: This was a systematic literature review and meta-analysis, including a risk of bias assessment. The electronic databases PubMed/Medline, Scopus, IndMED, and the Cochrane Library were searched from 1975 to 2015. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on the effects of yoga interventions on PMH among a healthy adult population were selected...
February 28, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436583/physical-activity-and-exercise-for-chronic-pain-in-adults-an-overview-of-cochrane-reviews
#15
REVIEW
Louise J Geneen, R Andrew Moore, Clare Clarke, Denis Martin, Lesley A Colvin, Blair H Smith
BACKGROUND: Chronic pain is defined as pain lasting beyond normal tissue healing time, generally taken to be 12 weeks. It contributes to disability, anxiety, depression, sleep disturbances, poor quality of life, and healthcare costs. Chronic pain has a weighted mean prevalence in adults of 20%.For many years, the treatment choice for chronic pain included recommendations for rest and inactivity. However, exercise may have specific benefits in reducing the severity of chronic pain, as well as more general benefits associated with improved overall physical and mental health, and physical functioning...
April 24, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436336/cardiovascular-screening-of-young-athletes-a-review-of-economic-evaluations
#16
Sophie Gerkens, Hans Van Brabandt, Anja Desomer, Christian Leonard, Mattias Neyt
OBJECTIVES: Some experts have promoted preparticipative cardiovascular screening programs for young athletes and have claimed that such programs were cost-effective without performing a critical analysis of studies supporting this statement. In this systematic review, a critical assessment of economic evaluations on these programs is performed to determine if they really provide value for money. METHODS: A systematic review of economic evaluations was performed on December 24, 2014...
April 24, 2017: International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432856/the-effectiveness-of-exercise-in-adults-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-to-guide-evidence-based-practice
#17
Mei-Ling Wu, Kuang-Hui Yu, Jen-Chen Tsai
BACKGROUND: Fatigue is the most common and unpleasant symptom of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). However, there is limited information regarding how exercise affects fatigue. AIMS: The purpose of this study is to review and synthesize the current knowledge concerning the effectiveness of exercise training for treating fatigue among adults with SLE. The characteristics of beneficial exercise training are further evaluated. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis...
April 22, 2017: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430963/integrated-care-for-older-populations-and-its-implementation-facilitators-and-barriers-a-rapid-scoping-review
#18
Diane E Threapleton, Roger Y Chung, Samuel Y S Wong, Eliza Wong, Patsy Chau, Jean Woo, Vincent C H Chung, Eng-Kiong Yeoh
Purpose: Inform health system improvements by summarizing components of integrated care in older populations. Identify key implementation barriers and facilitators. Data sources: A scoping review was undertaken for evidence from MEDLINE, the Cochrane Library, organizational websites and internet searches. Eligible publications included reviews, reports, individual studies and policy documents published from 2005 to February 2017. Study selection: Initial eligible documents were reviews or reports concerning integrated care approaches in older/frail populations...
April 20, 2017: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430796/prevalence-and-associated-factors-of-tuberculosis-and-diabetes-mellitus-comorbidity-a-systematic-review
#19
Mahteme Haile Workneh, Gunnar Aksel Bjune, Solomon Abebe Yimer
INTRODUCTION: The dual burden of tuberculosis (TB) and diabetes mellitus (DM) has become a major global public health concern. There is mounting evidence from different countries on the burden of TB and DM comorbidity. The objective of this systematic review was to summarize the existing evidence on prevalence and associated/risk factors of TBDM comorbidity at global and regional levels. METHODS: Ovid Medline, Embase, Global health, Cochrane library, Web of science and Scopus Elsevier databases were searched to identify eligible articles for the systematic review...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429876/iodine-131-meta-iodobenzylguanidine-therapy-for-patients-with-newly-diagnosed-high-risk-neuroblastoma
#20
REVIEW
Kathelijne Cjm Kraal, Elvira C van Dalen, Godelieve Am Tytgat, Berthe Lf Van Eck-Smit
BACKGROUND: Patients with newly diagnosed high-risk (HR) neuroblastoma (NBL) still have a poor outcome, despite multi-modality intensive therapy. This poor outcome necessitates the search for new therapies, such as treatment with (131)I-meta-iodobenzylguanidine ((131)I-MIBG). OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficacy and adverse effects of (131)I-MIBG therapy in patients with newly diagnosed HR NBL. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the following electronic databases: the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL; the Cochrane Library 2016, Issue 3), MEDLINE (PubMed) (1945 to 25 April 2016) and Embase (Ovid) (1980 to 25 April 2016)...
April 21, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
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