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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634572/a-helicobacter-pylori-homolog-of-eukaryotic-flotillin-is-involved-in-cholesterol-accumulation-epithelial-cell-responses-and-host-colonization
#1
Melanie L Hutton, Kimberley D'Costa, Amanda E Rossiter, Lin Wang, Lorinda Turner, David L Steer, Seth L Masters, Ben A Croker, Maria Kaparakis-Liaskos, Richard L Ferrero
The human pathogen Helicobacter pylori acquires cholesterol from membrane raft domains in eukaryotic cells, commonly known as "lipid rafts." Incorporation of this cholesterol into the H. pylori cell membrane allows the bacterium to avoid clearance by the host immune system and to resist the effects of antibiotics and antimicrobial peptides. The presence of cholesterol in H. pylori bacteria suggested that this pathogen may have cholesterol-enriched domains within its membrane. Consistent with this suggestion, we identified a hypothetical H...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581508/regulation-of-cargo-transfer-between-escrt-0-and-escrt-i-complexes-by-flotillin-1-during-endosomal-sorting-of-ubiquitinated-cargo
#2
M Meister, S Bänfer, U Gärtner, J Koskimies, M Amaddii, R Jacob, R Tikkanen
Ubiquitin-dependent sorting of membrane proteins in endosomes directs them to lysosomal degradation. In the case of receptors such as the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), lysosomal degradation is important for the regulation of downstream signalling. Ubiquitinated proteins are recognised in endosomes by the endosomal sorting complexes required for transport (ESCRT) complexes, which sequentially interact with the ubiquitinated cargo. Although the role of each ESCRT complex in sorting is well established, it is not clear how the cargo is passed on from one ESCRT to the next...
June 5, 2017: Oncogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576383/cholesterol-metabolism-and-glaucoma-modulation-of-muller-cell-membrane-organization-by-24s-hydroxycholesterol
#3
Ségolène Gambert, Pierre-Henry Gabrielle, Elodie Masson, Elise Leger-Charnay, Arthur Ferrerro, Arthur Vannier, Clément Gendrault, Méline Lachot, Catherine Creuzot-Garcher, Alain Bron, Stéphane Gregoire, Laurent Leclere, Lucy Martine, Géraldine Lucchi, Caroline Truntzer, Delphine Pecqueur, Lionel Bretillon
Glaucoma is a progressive and irreversible blinding neuropathy that is characterized by the loss of retinal ganglion cells (RGCs). Muller Glial Cell (MGC) activation is induced in retinal gliosis. MGCs are the most numerous glial cells in the retina and one of their roles is to sustain cholesterol homeostasis. 24S-hydroxycholesterol (24S-OHC) is one of the form of cholesterol elimination from the retina and is overexpressed during glaucoma. The objective of this study was to determine whether 24S-OHC triggers MGC membrane dynamics involving lipid rafts and contributes to gliosis at early and late time points...
May 30, 2017: Chemistry and Physics of Lipids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575093/structure-function-analysis-of-human-stomatin-a-mutation-study
#4
Stefanie Rungaldier, Ellen Umlauf, Mario Mairhofer, Ulrich Salzer, Christoph Thiele, Rainer Prohaska
Stomatin is an ancient, widely expressed, oligomeric, monotopic membrane protein that is associated with cholesterol-rich membranes/lipid rafts. It is part of the SPFH superfamily including stomatin-like proteins, prohibitins, flotillin/reggie proteins, bacterial HflK/C proteins and erlins. Biochemical features such as palmitoylation, oligomerization, and hydrophobic "hairpin" structure show similarity to caveolins and other integral scaffolding proteins. Recent structure analyses of the conserved PHB/SPFH domain revealed amino acid residues and subdomains that appear essential for the structure and function of stomatin...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560058/flot2-promotes-tumor-growth-and-metastasis-through-modulating-cell-cycle-and-inducing-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#5
Cheng-Hao Wang, Xiao-Dong Zhu, De-Ning Ma, Hui-Chuan Sun, Dong-Mei Gao, Ning Zhang, Cheng-Dong Qin, Yuan-Yuan Zhang, Bo-Gen Ye, Hao Cai, Wen-Kai Shi, Man-Qin Cao, Zhao-You Tang
Flotillin-2 (Flot2) is a highly conserved and ubiquitously expressed protein that resides on the cytoplasmic side of the cell membrane within specific cholesterol rich microdomains. Some studies have reported that overexpression of Flot2 is related to cancer progression. However, the role of Flot2 in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remains unclarified. In this study, we aim to explore the correlation between Flot2 expression and HCC progression and the underlying mechanism. In the present study, overexpression of Flot2 in HCC tissues and cell lines was detected, and forced overexpression of Flot2 significantly promoted the proliferation, migration, invasion and metastasis of HCC in vitro and in vivo by modulating cell cycle and inducing EMT, which was mediated via up-regulation of Twist as a result of Raf/MEK/ERK1/2 pathway activation...
2017: American Journal of Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535204/colocalization-of-receptors-for-shiga-toxins-with-lipid-rafts-in-primary-human-renal-glomerular-endothelial-cells-and-influence-of-d-pdmp-on-synthesis-and-distribution-of-glycosphingolipid-receptors
#6
Nadine Legros, Gottfried Pohlentz, Jana Runde, Stefanie Dusny, Hans-Ulrich Humpf, Helge Karch, Johannes Müthing
Damage of human renal glomerular endothelial cells (HRGECs) of the kidney represents the linchpin in the pathogenesis of the hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) caused by Shiga toxins (Stxs) of enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC). We performed a comprehensive structural analysis of the Stx receptor glycosphingolipids (GSLs) globotriaosylceramide (Gb3Cer, Galα4alβ4Glcβ1Cer) and globotetraosylceramide (Gb4Cer, GalNAcβ3Galα4Galβ4Glcβ1Cer) and their distribution in lipid raft analogue detergent-resistant membranes (DRMs) and nonDRMs prepared from primary HRGECs...
May 23, 2017: Glycobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503944/mir-133-involves-in-lung-adenocarcinoma-cell-metastasis-by-targeting-flot2
#7
Guangxia Wei, Yahuan Xu, Tao Peng, Jie Yan
BACKGROUND: Dysregulated microRNAs (miRNAs) reported to involve into the oncogenesis and progression in various human cancers. However, the roles and mechanism of miR-133 in lung adenocarcinoma remain largely unclear. METHODS: In this study, qPCR assay and western blot were used to detect the expression levels of miR-133, Akt and FLOT2. Luciferase reporter assay was used to identify the target role of miR-133 on FLOT2. The cell invasion and the migration capability were performed using the transwell invasion assay and wound healing assay...
May 14, 2017: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467967/prognostic-value-of-flotillin-1-expression-in-patients-with-solid-tumors
#8
Yang-xi Ou, Fang-teng Liu, Fang-ying Chen, Zheng-ming Zhu
BACKGROUND: In numerous studies, Flotillin-1 was reported to be involved in tumor progression, indicating prognosis in various types of cancer. However, the results were inconsistent. RESULTS: A total of 2473 patients from 13 articles were included. The results indicated that: (1) Patients detected with high expression level of Flotillin-1 protein had a significantly shorter OS (HR =1.64; 95%CI: 1.39-1.88), statistical significance was also observed in subgroup meta-analyses stratified by the cancer type, nationality, detecting method, cutoff value, analysis type, sample size and publication date...
April 13, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432466/calpain-inhibition-prevents-flotillin-re-ordering-and-src-family-activation-during-capacitation
#9
Deneb Maldonado-García, Monica L Salgado-Lucio, Ana L Roa-Espitia, Tania Reyes-Miguel, Enrique O Hernández-González
Prior to fertilization, mammalian sperm undergo several molecular, biochemical and physiological changes in a process termed capacitation. However, the mechanisms explaining the involvement of cytoskeletal remodeling and membrane re-ordering in each process prior to fertilization remain poorly understood. We found that the migration of both flotillin microdomains and Src family kinases towards the apical ridge of guinea pig sperm occurs under capacitating conditions. This re-ordering is associated with spectrin cleavage by calpain...
April 22, 2017: Cell and Tissue Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351893/case-study-on-the-pathophysiology-of-fabry-disease-abnormalities-of-cellular-membranes-can-be-reversed-by-substrate-reduction-in-vitro
#10
Graham Brogden, Hadeel Shammas, Katia Maalouf, Samara L Naim, Gabi Wetzel, Mahdi Amiri, Maren von Köckritz-Blickwede, Anibh M Das, Hassan Y Naim
It is still not entirely clear how α-galactosidase A (GAA) deficiency translates into clinical symptoms of Fabry disease (FD). The present communication investigates the effects of the mutation N215S in FD on the trafficking and processing of lysosomal GAA and their potential association with alterations in the membrane lipid composition. Abnormalities in lipid rafts (LRs) were observed in fibroblasts isolated from a male patient with FD bearing the mutation N215S. Interestingly, LR analysis revealed that the distribution of cholesterol and flotillin-2 are distinctly altered in the Fabry fibroblasts when compared with that of the wild-type cells...
April 30, 2017: Bioscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327197/lipid-raft-mediated-mir-3908-inhibition-of-migration-of-breast-cancer-cell-line-mcf-7-by-regulating-the-interactions-between-adipor1-and-flotillin-1
#11
Yuan Li, Fei Shan, Jinglong Chen
BACKGROUND: The mechanisms of lipid raft regulation by microRNAs in breast cancer are not fully understood. This work focused on the evaluation and identification of miR-3908, which may be a potential biomarker related to the migration of breast cancer cells, and elucidates lipid-raft-regulating cell migration in breast cancer. METHODS: To confirm the prediction that miR-3908 is matched with AdipoR1, we used 3'-UTR luciferase activity of AdipoR1 to assess this. Then, human breast cancer cell line MCF-7 was cultured in the absence or presence of the mimics or inhibitors of miR-3908, after which the biological functions of MCF-7 cells were analyzed...
March 21, 2017: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292530/corrigendum-to-reggie-1-and-reggie-2-flotillins-participate-in-rab11a-dependent-cargo-trafficking-spine-synapse-formation-and-ltp-related-ampa-receptor-glua1-surface-exposure-in-mouse-hippocampal-neurons-exp-neurol-289-pages-31-45
#12
Vsevolod Bodrikov, Aline Pauschert, Gaga Kochlamazashvili, Claudia A O Stuermer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 12, 2017: Experimental Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272479/plasmalogen-biosynthesis-is-spatiotemporally-regulated-by-sensing-plasmalogens-in-the-inner-leaflet-of-plasma-membranes
#13
Masanori Honsho, Yuichi Abe, Yukio Fujiki
Alkenyl ether phospholipids are a major sub-class of ethanolamine- and choline-phospholipids in which a long chain fatty alcohol is attached at the sn-1 position through a vinyl ether bond. Biosynthesis of ethanolamine-containing alkenyl ether phospholipids, plasmalogens, is regulated by modulating the stability of fatty acyl-CoA reductase 1 (Far1) in a manner dependent on the level of cellular plasmalogens. However, precise molecular mechanisms underlying the regulation of plasmalogen synthesis remain poorly understood...
March 8, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241097/the-gmfwl1-fw2-2-like-nodulation-gene-encodes-a-plasma-membrane-microdomain-associated-protein
#14
Zhenzhen Qiao, Laurent Brechenmacher, Benjamin Smith, Gregory W Strout, William Mangin, Christopher Taylor, Scott D Russell, Gary Stacey, Marc Libault
The soybean gene GmFWL1 (FW2-2-like1) belongs to a plant-specific family that includes the tomato FW2-2 and the maize CNR1 genes, two regulators of plant development. In soybean, GmFWL1 is specifically expressed in root hair cells in response to rhizobia and in nodules. Silencing of GmFWL1 expression significantly reduced nodule numbers supporting its role during soybean nodulation. While the biological role of GmFWL1 has been described, its molecular function and, more generally, the molecular function of plant FW2-2-like proteins is unknown...
February 27, 2017: Plant, Cell & Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225561/flotillins-control-zebrafish-epiboly-through-their-role-in-cadherin-mediated-cell-cell-adhesion
#15
Eduardo A Rios Morris, Stéphane Bodin, Bénédicte Delaval, Franck Comunale, Virginie Georget, Manoel L Costa, Georges Lutfalla, Cécile Gauthier-Rouvière
Zebrafish gastrulation and particularly epiboly that involves coordinated movements of several cell layers is a dynamic process for which regulators remain to be identified. We show here that Flotillin 1 and 2, ubiquitous and highly conserved proteins, are required for epiboly. Flotillins knockdown compromised embryo survival, strongly delayed epiboly and impaired deep cell radial intercalation and directed collective migration without affecting enveloping layer cell movement. At the molecular level, we identified that Flotillins are required for the formation of E-cadherin-mediated cell-cell junctions...
May 2017: Biology of the Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188157/microrna-802-inhibits-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-through-targeting-flotillin-2-in-human-prostate-cancer
#16
Dawei Wang, Guoliang Lu, Yuan Shao, Da Xu
miRNAs are a class of non-coding RNAs that exert critical roles in various biological processes. The aim of the present study was to identify the functional roles of miR-802 in regulating epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in prostate cancer (PCa). miR-802 expression was detected in 73 pairs of PCa samples and PCa cell lines (PC3 and DU145 cells) by qRT-PCR. Cell proliferation was detected using MTT assay, and cell apoptosis was evaluated using flow cytometry. Transwell assay was conducted to investigate cell migration and invasion...
April 30, 2017: Bioscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148778/lipid-rafts-of-mouse-liver-contain-nonextended-and-extended-acetylcholinesterase-variants-along-with-m3-muscarinic-receptors
#17
María Fernanda Montenegro, Juan Cabezas-Herrera, F Javier Campoy, Encarnación Muñoz-Delgado, Cecilio J Vidal
The observation of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) type H (AChEH), which is the predominant AChE variant in visceral organs and immune cells, in lipid rafts of muscle supports functional reasons for the raft targeting of glypiated AChEH The search for these reasons revealed that liver AChE activity is mostly confined to rafts and that the liver is able to make N-extended AChE variants and target them to rafts. These results prompted us to test whether AChE and muscarinic receptors existed in the same raft. Isolation of flotillin-2-rich raft fractions by their buoyancy in sucrose gradients, followed by immunoadsorption and matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time of flight-mass spectrometry application, gave the following results: 1) most hepatic AChE activity emanates from AChE-H mRNA, and its product, glypiated AChEH, accumulates in rafts; 2) N-extended N-AChE readthrough variant, nonglypiated N-AChEH, and N-AChE tailed variant were all identified in liver rafts; and 3) M3 AChRs were observed in rafts, and coprecipitation of raft-confined N-AChE and M3 receptors by using anti-M3 antibodies showed that enzyme and receptor reside in the same raft unit...
February 2017: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146372/the-isolation-of-morphologically-intact-and-biologically-active-extracellular-vesicles-from-the-secretome-of-cancer-associated-adipose-tissue
#18
Sarah Jeurissen, Glenn Vergauwen, Jan Van Deun, Lore Lapeire, Victoria Depoorter, Ilkka Miinalainen, Raija Sormunen, Rudy Van den Broecke, Geert Braems, Véronique Cocquyt, Hannelore Denys, An Hendrix
Breast cancer cells closely interact with different cell types of the surrounding adipose tissue to favor invasive growth and metastasis. Extracellular vesicles (EVs) are nanometer-sized vesicles secreted by different cell types that shuttle proteins and nucleic acids to establish cell-cell communication. To study the role of EVs released by cancer-associated adipose tissue in breast cancer progression and metastasis a standardized EV isolation protocol that obtains pure EVs and maintains their functional characteristics is required...
March 4, 2017: Cell Adhesion & Migration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042053/potential-role-for-the-vdr-agonist-elocalcitol-in-metabolic-control-evidences-in-human-skeletal-muscle-cells
#19
Cristina Antinozzi, Clarissa Corinaldesi, Carla Giordano, Annalinda Pisano, Bruna Cerbelli, Silvia Migliaccio, Luigi Di Luigi, Katia Stefanantoni, Gabriella Barbara Vannelli, Salvatore Minisola, Guido Valesini, Valeria Riccieri, Andrea Lenzi, Clara Crescioli
Vitamin D plays a pivotal role to maintain skeletal muscle integrity and health. Vitamin D deficiency characterizes inflammatory myopathy (IM) and diabetes, often overlapping diseases involving skeletal muscle damage. Vitamin D receptor (VDR) agonists likely exert beneficial effects in both IM and metabolic disturbances. We aim to evaluate in vitro the effect of elocalcitol, a non-hypercalcemic VDR agonist, on the biomolecular metabolic machinery of human skeletal muscle cells (Hfsmc), vs. insulin (I). We analyzed GLUT4, Flotillin-1, Caveolin-3 and Caveolin-1 cell expression/localization; mTOR, AKT, ERK and 4E-BP1 phosphorylation; IL-6 myokine release; VDR expression...
March 2017: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28036279/proteins-that-interact-with-calgranulin-b-in-the-human-colon-cancer-cell-line-hct-116
#20
Jae Kyung Myung, Seung-Gu Yeo, Kyung Hee Kim, Kwang-Soo Baek, Daye Shin, Jong Heon Kim, Jae Youl Cho, Byong Chul Yoo
Calgranulin B is released from immune cells and can be internalized into colon cancer cells to prevent proliferation. The present study aimed to identify proteins that interact with calgranulin B to suppress the proliferation of colon cancer cells, and to obtain information on the underlying anti-tumor mechanism(s) of calgranulin B. Calgranulin B expression was induced in colon cancer cell line HCT-116 by infection with calgranulin B-FLAG expressing lentivirus, and it led to a significant suppression of cell proliferation...
January 24, 2017: Oncotarget
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