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endoscopic surgery and frontal sinus

Arata Hibi, Yoshinobu Amakusa
Intracranial abscess is one of the most serious complications of frontal sinusitis, particularly among adolescents, even in the absence of odontogenic infection. Polymicrobial infections due to anaerobes are common. Because antibiotic therapy alone is usually ineffective, early endoscopic sinus surgery is the key for infection control and good clinical outcomes.
March 2018: Clinical Case Reports
Alexandre Bossi Todeschini, Alaa S Montaser, Douglas A Hardesty, Ricardo L Carrau, Daniel M Prevedello
Endoscopic endonasal approaches (EEA) have gained popularity and acceptance in skull base surgery over the last two decades. So-called expanded EEA allow access in the sagittal plane from the frontal sinus to the odontoid process. The endoscopic endonasal transclival approach allows a unique trajectory into the midline clivus and skull base that is unachievable from traditional craniotomy approaches to lesions such as chondrosarcomas, chordomas, and posterior fossa meningiomas. In this review, we will assess the benefits and drawbacks to using an endoscopic endonasal approach versus transcranial approach to these challenging lesions, assess the anatomical limits of endoscopic endonasal transclival surgery, and discuss the published literature on the topic...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgical Sciences
Doaa Andejani, M Amir Mrad
INTRODUCTION: Frontal sinus enlargement has been classified into hypersinus, pneumosinus dilatans and pneumocele. CASE REPORT: A young male presented with aesthetic concerns regarding his forehead swelling. The patient had no functional disturbances. Radiographic assessment proved expansion of the frontal sinus with extreme thinning of the frontal bone. DISCUSSION: The causes of frontal sinus expansion have been listed along with a proposed management plan for each type...
February 28, 2018: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
A Minni, A Dragonetti, A Sciuto, C Cavaliere, D Rosati, D Azimonti, A Franzetti
OBJECTIVE: Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) of the frontal sinus is a complex pathological condition and many surgical techniques were described to treat this area endoscopically, like traditional endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) and balloon catheter dilation (BCD). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We designed a multicenter prospective randomized study to assess the validity and safety of BCD vs. ESS in symptomatological chronic rhinosinusitis of the frontal sinus enrolling a population of 102 adult patients (64 men and 38 women; overall 148 frontal sinuses studied) with non-polypoid CRS...
January 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Oshri Wasserzug, Ari DeRowe, Barak Ringel, Gadi Fishman, Dan M Fliss
Introduction  Skull base lesions in children and adolescents are rare, and comprise only 5.6% of all skull base surgery. Anterior skull base lesions dominate, averaging slightly more than 50% of the cases. Until recently, surgery of the anterior skull base was dominated by open procedures and endoscopic skull base surgery was reserved for benign pathologies. Endoscopic skull base surgery is gradually gaining popularity. In spite of that, open skull base surgery is still considered the "gold standard" for the treatment of anterior skull base lesions, and it is the preferred approach in selected cases...
February 2018: Journal of Neurological Surgery. Part B, Skull Base
Jay F Piccirillo, Spencer C Payne, Richard M Rosenfeld, Fuad M Baroody, Pete S Batra, John M DelGaudio, David R Edelstein, Andrew P Lane, Amber U Luong, R Peter Manes, Edward D McCoul, Michael P Platt, Douglas D Reh, Maureen D Corrigan
Objective To develop a clinical consensus statement on the use of sinus ostial dilation (SOD) of the paranasal sinuses. Methods An expert panel of otolaryngologists was assembled to represent general otolaryngology and relevant subspecialty societies. The target population is adults 18 years or older with chronic or recurrent rhinosinusitis (with or without nasal polyps, with or without prior sinus surgery) for whom SOD is being recommended, defined as endoscopic use of a balloon device to enlarge or open the outflow tracts of the maxillary, frontal, or sphenoid sinuses, as a standalone procedure or with endoscopic surgery...
February 2018: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
Jong Seung Kim, Sam Hyun Kwon
RATIONALE: Inverted papilloma (IP) is a benign tumor that should be monitored carefully because it frequently recurs and has the potential to become malignant. PATIENT CONCERNS: We report a case of a 59-year-old woman who presented with a mass which had been found incidentally on positron emission tomography computed tomography (PET CT). DIAGNOSES: Using endoscopy and CT, the preoperative diagnosis was inverted papilloma. PET CT showed a mass with hot uptake in the left ethmoid and frontal sinus (maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax) = 7...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
Mikkel Seremet Kofoed, Niels Fisker, Anne Estmann Christensen, Anette Drøhse Kjeldsen
We present two 11-year-old girls with chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis, treated with adalimumab. Both developed severe intracranial complications to sinusitis. Patient 1 had been treated with adalimumab for 15 months when she developed acute sinusitis complicated by an orbital abscess, forehead swelling, a subdural empyema and osteomyelitis of the frontal bone. She was treated with a rhinosurgical and neurosurgical approach with intravenous antibiotics.Patient 2 had been in adalimumab treatment for 10 weeks...
January 17, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
Xiaole Song, Dehui Wang, Xicai Sun, Quan Liu, Li Hu, Yurong Gu, Huankang Zhang
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to review the management of sinonasal cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leaks and outcome of endoscopic repairs and to provide experience regarding leaks at the lateral wall of sphenoid sinus and the posterior wall of frontal sinus. METHODS: Patients who underwent endoscopic repairs of CSF leaks were reviewed. Characteristics of different etiologies were compared, and prognostic factors were analyzed. RESULTS: The study included 144 patients with 150 CSF leaks, in which spontaneous leaks account for 55%...
January 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Alberto Di Somma, Norberto Andaluz, Luigi Maria Cavallo, Matteo de Notaris, Iacopo Dallan, Domenico Solari, Lee A Zimmer, Jeffrey T Keller, Mario Zuccarello, Alberto Prats-Galino, Paolo Cappabianca
OBJECTIVE Recent studies have proposed the superior eyelid endoscopic transorbital approach as a new minimally invasive route to access orbital lesions, mostly in otolaryngology and maxillofacial surgeries. The authors undertook this anatomical study in order to contribute a neurosurgical perspective, exploring the anterior and middle cranial fossa areas through this purely endoscopic transorbital trajectory. METHODS Anatomical dissections were performed in 10 human cadaveric heads (20 sides) using 0° and 30° endoscopes...
December 15, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
Ranko Mladina, Neven Skitarelić, Cemal Cingi, Lei Chen, Nuray Bayar Muluk
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to better understand the usual learning curve in acquiring endonasal endoscopic sinus and skull base surgery (ESSBS) techniques during the novice training on the lamb's head model. METHODS: Ten novices were asked to perform 10 bilateral dissections on the particular lamb's head each. The dissections were uniform, consisted of 10 well-defined steps, beginning from the simple removal of the inferior turbinate, and ending with more complicated procedures like cerebrospinal fluid leak repair, Draf 3 procedure for the frontal sinus and elevation of the nasal septal flap...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Thanh Ha, Rowan Valentine, Stephen Moratti, Lyall Hanton, Simon Robinson, Peter-John Wormald
BACKGROUND: Adhesion formation and ostial stenosis are common causes of surgical failure after endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS). Postoperative topical steroid application has been shown to improve wound healing. Chitosan-dextran gel (CD gel) is an effective hemostatic nasal dressing. This study aims to determine the effect of the addition of budesonide to CD gel on postoperative ostial stenosis and adhesion formation following ESS. METHODS: This prospective, blinded, randomized controlled trial was conducted between October 2012 and April 2015...
March 2018: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
Waleed M Abuzeid, Mayand Vakil, Juan Lin, Judd Fastenberg, Nadeem A Akbar, Marvin P Fried, Christina H Fang
BACKGROUND: The endoscopic modified Lothrop procedure (EMLP) has been used as a salvage technique for frontal sinusitis following failed endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS). We aim to examine the safety and efficacy of the EMLP following failure of primary ESS. METHODS: All English-language publications from 2000 to 2016 reporting the use of EMLP after primary ESS were identified using the PubMed database and evaluated per Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines...
December 6, 2017: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
Daniela Mielcarek-Kuchta, Karolina Simon, Dawid Kondratowicz, Zofia Łukomska, Aleksandra Rybak-Korytowska
BACKGROUND: Unilateral sinus disease (USD) occurs in 23 % of all cases. It is believed that it is mainly associated with cancer development. Retrospective data from large rhinological centers show that the most common USD is chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS), followed by mycosis, inverted papilloma and finally cancer, but only in a small percent of cases. THE AIM OF THE STUDY: The analysis of USD in the group of patients who underwent FESS at the secondary referral center...
October 30, 2017: Otolaryngologia Polska
O Erdur, K Ozturk, K Erkan
BACKGROUND: Re-stenosis and a consequent need for revision surgery are the most common problems in the follow-up period following endoscopic modification of the Lothrop procedure. METHOD: This paper reports a new technique for reconstructing and resurfacing of the posterior frontal recess bone for prevention of re-stenosis. RESULTS: A 46-year-old man presented with a frontal sinus osteoma, and treatment featured an endoscopic modification of the Lothrop procedure...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
Amber Luong, Randall A Ow, Ameet Singh, Robert L Weiss, Joseph K Han, Roland Gerencer, J Pablo Stolovitzky, James W Stambaugh, Aarthi Raman
Importance: Suboptimal outcomes of endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) are often associated with restenosis and inflammation of frontal sinus ostia. Steroid-releasing sinus implants have been shown to maintain sinus patency by minimizing inflammation and scar tissue formation. An hourglass-shaped, bioabsorbable, steroid-releasing implant was developed to provide mechanical support and optimize drug delivery to paranasal sinus ostia. Objective: To assess the safety and efficacy of the hourglass-shaped, bioabsorbable, steroid-releasing sinus implant in improving postoperative outcomes when placed in the frontal sinus ostia (FSO) following ESS in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS)...
November 2, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
Carolyn A Orgain, Richard J Harvey
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Historically, the common frontal sinusotomy has been reserved only for salvage frontal sinus surgery in patients with severely recalcitrant inflammatory sinus disease. By understanding the pathophysiology of inflammatory sinus disease and the long-term role of topical medication in their treatment, the indications for Draf3 have expanded. RECENT FINDINGS: A major therapeutic impact from endoscopic sinus surgery for inflammatory sinus disease is imparted by allowing sinus access to topical therapies to work...
February 2018: Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery
Takashi Fujii, Naoki Otani, Kazuma Doi, Masataka Miyama, Yohei Otsuka, Takashi Matsumoto, Toru Yoshiura, Satoru Takeuchi, Satoshi Tomura, Arata Tomiyama, Terushige Toyooka, Kojiro Wada, Kentaro Mori
Schwannomas originating from the olfactory nerve are extremely rare because the olfactory nerve does not normally contain Schwann cells. We describe a case of a giant schwannoma of the olfactory groove. A 73-year-old woman presented with anosmia persisting for 10 months. Head computed tomography(CT)for head trauma at another hospital demonstrated a tumor lesion located in the left frontal lobe and paranasal sinus. She had never suffered epilepsy, and past medical history and family history identified no indicators...
October 2017: No Shinkei Geka. Neurological Surgery
A Rajwani, J Manji, A Finkelstein-Kulka, A-R R Habib, S Alsaleh, L Macias-Valle, A R Javer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 17, 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
Peter F Svider, Spencer Darlin, Michael Bobian, Vibhav Sekhsaria, Richard J Harvey, Stacey T Gray, Soly Baredes, Adam J Folbe, Jean Anderson Eloy
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Balloon dilation (BD) represents a minimally invasive alternative to endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS). Although BD was introduced in 2006, distinct Current Procedural Terminology (CPT) codes were not available until 2011, making prior analysis of population-based trends difficult. Our objectives were to evaluate these trends and compare any changes to the use of traditional ESS techniques. Geographic trends also were evaluated. METHODS: Medicare Part B national datasets encompassing procedures from 2011 to 2015 were obtained...
October 8, 2017: Laryngoscope
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