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Caroline Boonekamp, François Voruz, Christophe Fehlmann
Sodium hydroxide is a corrosive, highly alkaline (PKa=14.8) household product. Ingestion of sodium hydroxide liquid is common, showing toxicity on the oesophagus and stomach. Nevertheless, cases of sodium hydroxide ingestions in pellet are rare and the management of them is unknown. We report the case of a 65-year-old man who accidentally swallowed a bleach tablet of 3.5 g. Six hours later, the patient developed an aphonia associated with dysponea stage IV, motivating a nasofibroscopy showing glottis and supraglottic necrosis and oedema for which the patient received intravenous steroids, was intubated and then underwent a tracheotomy...
June 21, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
Dnyaneshwar J Taur, Rajendra N Patil, Ravindra Y Patil
OBJECTIVE: Asthma is a multifaceted inflammatory disorder which results into narrowing of airway with broncho-constriction and spasm. As the complex pathophysilogy of asthma, various animal models are generally used to investigate the immunological and physiological pathogenesis of disease. Abrus precatorius Linn (Fabacease) is a climbing shrub. The leaves and roots are sweet in taste and traditionally used for the treatment of asthma, bronchititis, and inflammation. A. precatorius possesses different pharmacological activities...
October 2017: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
Abdur Rauf, Taibi Ben Hadda, Ghias Uddin, José P Cerón-Carrasco, Jorge Peña-García, Horacio Pérez-Sánchez, Haroon Khan, Saud Bawazeer, Seema Patel, Mohammad S Mubarak, Tareq Abu-Izneid, Yahia Nasser Mabkhot
BACKGROUND: Diospyros lotus Linn commonly known as date-plum, or Caucasian persimmon has multiple uses in folk medicine. Various parts of this plant is used for alleviating lumbago, dysponea, hemorrhage, insomnia, and hiccup. The plant extracts possess a variety of biological activities, such as anti-inflammatory, sedative, febrifuge, anti-microbial, vermifuge, and anti-hypertensive. AIM/HYPOTHESIS: The aim of the present work is to investigate the sedative-hypnotic effect of a rare dimeric napthoquione 1 obtained from the chloroform soluble fraction of D...
April 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Ajay U Mahajan, Deepak S Laddhad, Deepak Bohara, Sangeeta D Laddhad, Yogita T Dinde, Sachin S Bhabad
A 32 yrs old man presented with shortness of breath and syncopal episode with preceding history of DVT 15days above. Patient has tachycardia hypoxia and hypotension, on evaluation ECG Showed S1 Q3 T3 Pattern, bedside Echo Showed visible thrombus of 3cm in pulmonary artery, successfully thrombolysed with tenecteplase and streptokinase. This case study is presented to stress importance of urgent bedside echo in all sudden onset dysponea and hypoxia to rule out pulmonary Embolism which can be successfully thrombolysed without delay...
June 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Ya-Nan Zhang, Flora Vernooij, Irwani Ibrahim, Shirley Ooi, Crystel M Gijsberts, Arjan H Schoneveld, Kuan Win Sen, Hester M den Ruijter, Leo Timmers, Arthur Mark Richards, Chun Tzen Jong, Ibrahim Mazlan, Jiong-Wei Wang, Carolyn S P Lam, Dominique P V de Kleijn
BACKGROUND: SerpinF2, SerpinG1, CystatinC and CD14 are involved in inflammatory processes and plasma extracellular vesicle (EV) -levels of these proteins have been reported to be associated with systemic vascular events. Evidence is accumulating that inflammatory processes may play a pivotal role both in systemic vascular events and in heart failure. Therefore, we studied the association between plasma extracellular vesicle SerpinF2-, SerpinG1-, CystatinC and CD14-levels and the occurrence of acute heart failure in patients...
2016: PloS One
M N Islam, A A Mahmud, H Pandit, A S Bhuiyan
This was a prospective and observational study. One hundred and sixty five consecutive patients (75 diabetic and 90 were non-diabetic) admitted to coronary care unit in Rangpur Medical College and Hospital, Rangpur from December 2011 to June 2012 with the diagnosis of first attack of acute coronary syndrome were included in this study. Patients were selected considering the inclusion and exclusion criteria, Symptom time, typical or atypical chest pain, Dysponea, palpitation, cardiogenic shock, cardiac arrest, vital signs and Killip classes were regarded as presentation at admission...
July 2015: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
D C Gupta, R K Jenaw, S Koolwal, N Khippal
A 50-year-old male, a tobacco smoker, who was known to have ulcerative colitis presented with dry cough, chest pain, dysponea and frequent passage of blood and mucous mixed stools. Physical examination revealed clubbing, subcutaneous emphysema of upper chest and auscultatory findings of crunching sound over pre-cordial area and basal crepitations. Spirometry was suggestive of restrictive pattern. High resolution computed tomography (HRCT) of thorax revealed pneumomediastinum, subcutaneous emphysema, bilateral diffuse centrilobular nodules and ground-glass haziness with mosaic pattern along with posterior basal fibrotic changes...
April 2014: Indian Journal of Chest Diseases & Allied Sciences
N A Khan, S M Sumon, A Rahman, M A Hossain, J Ferdous, M R Bari
Allergic bronchopulmonary aspergilosis (ABPA) is immunological pulmonary disease caused by hypersensitivity of aspergillus fumigatus usually occurs in patients with chronic asthma, cystic fibrosis and bronchiactasis. This disease may present with divers radiological presentation like; fleeting pulmonary opacities, bronchiactasis, mucoid impaction, perihilar opacity (hailer lymphadenopathy), and lung mass or pleural effusion. We describe the case of a 30 year old housewife who presented with progressive dysponea, low grade fever, dry cough, weight loss and miliary nodule in chest radiograph and high-resolution CT (HRCT) in a tertiary level hospital of Bangladesh...
April 2014: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
Michael L Watkins, Teresa K Wilcox, Maggie Tabberer, Jean M Brooks, James F Donohue, Antonio Anzueto, Wen-Hung Chen, Courtney Crim
OBJECTIVES: To test the reliability, validity and responsiveness of the 13-item Shortness of Breath with Daily Activities (SOBDA) questionnaire, and determine the threshold for response and minimal important difference (MID). DESIGN: 6 week, randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled study. SETTING: 40 centres in the USA between 29 October 2009 and 1 July 2010. PRIMARY AND SECONDARY OUTCOME MEASURES: 547 patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) were enrolled and 418 entered the 2-week run-in period...
October 22, 2013: BMJ Open
Toru Hifumi, Nobuaki Kiriu, Junichi Inoue, Yuichi Koido
A 51-year-old man was brought to the emergency room because of a sudden onset of severe dysponea. On presentation, his blood pressure was 94/55 mm Hg. Oxygen saturation was 86% while he was receiving 10 l/min oxygen through a non-rebreather mask. On physical examination, no jugular venous distention was noted, but breath sounds over the left lung were diminished. A bedside chest radiograph showed left tension pneumothorax, for which urgent needle decompression followed by chest thoracostomy was performed. Ventricular tachycardia developed, but a biphasic shock at 120 J immediately restored normal sinus rhythm...
2012: BMJ Case Reports
A R Murthy, R H Singh
Hridroga is among those diseases mentioned in Ayurveda where in the description is quite brief and the Ayurvedic view point needs clarification. In view of the increasing evidence of cardiac disorders in the present times this aspect assumes added importance. Among the five types of Hridroga described, in Vatika variety Ayurveda seems to have conceived the disease entity that comes under Ischemic Heart Disease. None of the other Cardiac afflictions seem to have been described under Hridroga. It seems that a few of the presenting features based on this Acute/important/predominant nature have been described Vatika Sotha and Swasa...
January 1993: Ancient Science of Life
Abdullah Mobeireek, Fahad Al-Mohareb, Fouad Al-Dayel, Suliman Al-Gazlan, Hail Alabdely, Mohammad Khalid
Obliterative bronchiolitis (OB) is known to result from many causes, such as post-bone marrow transplantation, autoimmune and infectious causes, and from drugs. We report a 16-year-old female patient who was diagnosed with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) and referred for pulmonary evaluation prior to bone marrow transplantation (BMT). Her chief complaints were progressive cough and dysponea. Her radiological and pulmonary function tests were highly suggestive of advanced OB, which was confirmed by a lung biopsy...
February 2007: Respiratory Medicine
C Karila, D Fuchs-Climent, M Clairicia, P Leborgne, M Salort, J De Blic, P Scheinmann
Now, to care exercise-induced asthma is not only to prescribe drugs. It is a global and interdisciplinary approach: the pulmonary rehabilitation, matching a therapeutic education and a physical training, with the goal of promoting a regular physical activity in the asthmatic child, achieving physiological benefits and improvement of quality of life. Getting from the experience of Necker-Enfants Malades Hospital's Training Centre, a few advises encourage the physical practice of the asthmatic child, and decrease risks of exercise-induced asthma: optimisation of treatments;progressive beginning and end of exercises; use of the diaphragmatic breathing, keeping up with the exercise; use of the ventilatory threshold (or dysponea threshold) as intensity of the aerobic training; practice of different activities promoting play and conviviality in sports and allowing the integration of sports in the daily life of the asthmatic child...
January 2005: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
C Opdekamp, R Sergysels
Functionally COPD is characterized by a reduction in airflow and an increase in dead space. Physical therapy and breathing training is designed to increase tidal volume, decrease respiratory rate and sense of dysponea. The respiratory exercises include controlled breathing, diaphragmatic and pursed-lip breathing. Postural drainage has, in most parts of the world, been replaced by airway clearance regimens that include forced expiratory manoeuvres or technique of breathing at different airflow and lung volume...
September 2003: Revue Médicale de Bruxelles
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1955: Acta Endocrinologica
Roman Makarewicz
The aim of this study was to determine the influence of brachytherapy on the prognosis in advanced NSCLC, elaboration of clinical criteria useful in patients qualification to brachytherapy and the radiation method optimization. Between January 1994 and June 1998, 325 patients with symptomatic inoperable endobronchial obstructing lung cancer received brachytherapy alone or combined with external beam irradiation with palliative or radical intent. Patients were given 1 to 4 temporary Ir-192 endobronchial implants at the site of obstruction...
2002: Pneumonologia i Alergologia Polska
V Bellia, A Foresi, S Bianco, V Grassi, D Olivieri, G Bensi, M Volonté et al.
We compare the efficacy including spirometry, peak expiratory flow (PEFR) and quality of life and safety of an 8-week treatment with inhaled oxitropium, theophylline or their combination in patients with mild-to-severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). We conducted a multicentre, double-blind, double-dummy randomized, parallel-group study at 29 Italian outpatients clinics. A group of 236 patients with mild-to-severe COPD (baseline FEV1 < or = 70% of predicted value) were recruited. Treatments were as follows: Inhaled oxitropium bromide 200 microg (N=75), sustained-release oral theophylline 300 mg (N=81) or their combination (N=80), taken twice daily...
November 2002: Respiratory Medicine
N Arora, M K Daga, R Mahajan, S K Prakash, N Gupta
Chronic bronchitis is associated with acute exacerbation, most often infective in origin. In order to study the bacteriological profile in such cases a total of 58 patients were enrolled in this study from the chest clinic of our hospital. The male to female ratio was 2 to 1. Mean age of study group was 47 years. All patients had increased cough and sputum production. Barlett count, gram stain and sputum cultures were done for all patients. IgM and IgG antibodies for M. pneumoniae by ELISA were estimated in all cases...
July 2001: Indian Journal of Chest Diseases & Allied Sciences
M M Hussain, M Aslam, Z Khan
BACKGROUND: Hypoxemia is the immediate consequence of hyobaric hypoxia, which is the crucial starting mechanism of acute mountain sickness (AMS). The AMS is generally a benign and self-limiting condition which can be prevented by gradual ascent. However, ascent rates recommended for prophylaxis of AMS are far slower than those attempted during military operations and by climbers. OBJECTIVE: The current study was carried out to quantify the relationship between AMS and hypoxemia alongwith evaluating the benefits of acetazolamide-dexamethasone chemoprophylaxis during acute ascent...
May 2001: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
K Sakamoto, K Mori, H Umeno, T Nakashima
This paper describes the surgical procedures for a fibrolipoma that first appeared as a giant tumour in the hypopharynx and extended to the cardiac antrum of the oesophagus. At the initial surgery, a pedunculated tumour originating from the left arytenoid of the larynx was found to occupy the cervical as well as thoracic oesophagus and was thus removed through a lateral pharyngectomy. A histological examination revealed fibrolipoma. However there was a recurrence of the tumour in the arytenoid and the patient suffered from dysponea...
January 2000: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
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