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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934993/can-a-single-primary-care-paramedic-configuration-safely-transport-low-acuity-patients-in-air-ambulances
#1
Homer Tien, Bruce Sawadsky, Michael Lewell, Sean Moore, Michael Peddle, Alun Ackery, Brodie Nolan, Russell D MacDonald
OBJECTIVE: To determine if utilizing a single paramedic crew configuration is safe for transporting low acuity patients requiring only a primary care paramedic (PCP) level of care in Air Ambulances. METHODS: We studied single-PCP transports of low acuity patients done by contract air ambulance carriers, organized by Ornge (Ontario's Air Ambulance Service) for one year. We only included interfacility transports. We excluded all scene calls, and all Code 4 (emergent) calls...
September 22, 2017: CJEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901538/the-impact-of-fatigue-on-the-non-technical-skills-performance-of-critical-care-air-ambulance-clinicians
#2
J A Myers, D M C Powell, S Aldington, D Sim, A Psirides, K Hathaway, M F Haney
BACKGROUND: The relationship between fatigue-related risk and impaired clinical performance is not entirely clear. Non-technical factors represent an important component of clinical performance and may be sensitive to the effects of fatigue. The hypothesis was that the sum score of overall non-technical performance is degraded by fatigue. METHODS: Nineteen physicians undertook two different simulated air ambulance missions, once when rested, and once when fatigued (randomised crossover design)...
September 13, 2017: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880362/cold-platelets-for-trauma-associated-bleeding-regulatory-approval-accreditation-approval-and-practice-implementation-just-the-tip-of-the-iceberg
#3
James R Stubbs, Sheryl A Tran, Richard L Emery, Scott A Hammel, De Anna L Haugen, Martin D Zielinski, Scott P Zietlow, Donald Jenkins
BACKGROUND: Laboratory and clinical evidence suggest that cold-stored platelets (CS-PLTs) might be preferable to room temperature platelets (RT-PLTs) for active bleeding. Ease of prehospital use plus potential hemostatic superiority led our facility to pursue approval of CS-PLTs for actively bleeding trauma patients. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: From November 18, 2013, through October 8, 2015, correspondence was exchanged between our facility, the AABB, and the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA)...
September 6, 2017: Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876574/holding-the-torch-up-high-a-medical-historical-evaluation-of-surgical-advances-during-the-great-war-1914-1918-in-memory-of-those-that-served-and-fell
#4
G Scharf
"How wide and varied is the experience of the battlefield and how fertile the blood of warriors in raising good surgeons" Sir Clifford Allbutt (1898). With these sentiments of the medical lessons learned in war and conflict, with the background of the poem of "In Flanders Field", written by a doctor who had South African War connections, reasons (the Somme and third Ypres battles) will be given that this was indeed a "GREAT WAR" as the world history, weapons, strategy, tactics and wounding patterns had changed dramatically...
September 2017: South African Journal of Surgery. Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746084/epidemiology-and-location-of-primary-retrieval-missions-in-a-scottish-aeromedical-service
#5
Gregg Neagle, Lisa Curatolo, John Ferris, Mike Donald, Stephen Hearns, Alasdair R Corfield
INTRODUCTION: Prehospital critical care teams comprising an appropriately trained physician and paramedic or nurse have been associated with improved outcomes in selected trauma patients. These teams are a scarce and expensive resource, especially when delivered by rotary air assets. The optimal tasking of prehospital critical care teams is therefore vital and remains a subject of debate. Emergency Medical Retrieval Service (EMRS) provides a prehospital critical care response team to incidents over a large area of Scotland either by air or by road...
July 25, 2017: European Journal of Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the European Society for Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739238/characteristics-of-fixed-wing-air-ambulance-transports-in-victoria-australia
#6
Ashleigh J Delorenzo, Jeremy W Abetz, Emily Andrew, Anthony de Wit, Brett Williams, Karen Smith
OBJECTIVE: Air medical transport is important for the transfer of patients in the prehospital and interhospital environment. Few studies have described the services provided by fixed wing ambulances or the broader clinical profiles of patients they transport. Such information may be useful for the planning and allocation of resources, assistance with training, and refining clinical protocols. We sought to describe the characteristics of patients transported by fixed wing aircraft at Air Ambulance Victoria (AAV) and the service AAV provides in Victoria, Australia...
July 2017: Air Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697471/the-relationship-between-airborne-fine-particle-matter-and-emergency-ambulance-dispatches-in-a-southwestern-city-in-chengdu-china
#7
Ruicong Liu, Jie Zeng, Xianyan Jiang, Jianyu Chen, Xufang Gao, Li Zhang, Tiantian Li
High levels of fine particulate matter (PM2.5) are known to cause adverse effects to human health. The goal of this study was to estimate the acute health effects of short-term exposure to ambient PM2.5 by analyzing cause-specific emergency ambulance dispatches as the endpoint in Chengdu, a city in Sichuan Province in southwest China. The ambient PM2.5 concentration of Chengdu reached 63 μg/m(3) in 2015. Data related to the causes of specific emergency ambulance dispatches, air pollution, and meteorological conditions were collected from 2013 to 2015 (1095 days)...
October 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664557/effects-of-oxygen-therapy-on-wall-motion-score-index-in-patients-with-st-elevation-myocardial-infarction-the-randomized-soccer-trial
#8
Ardavan Khoshnood, Mahin Akbarzadeh, Anders Roijer, Carl Meurling, Marcus Carlsson, Pallonji Bhiladvala, Peter Höglund, David Sparv, Lizbet Todorova, Arash Mokhtari, David Erlinge, Ulf Ekelund
BACKGROUND: Although oxygen (O2 ) is routinely used in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI), it may have negative effects. In this substudy of the SOCCER trial, we aimed to evaluate the effects of O2 -treatment on myocardial function in patients with ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). METHODS: Normoxic (≥94%) STEMI patients were randomized in the ambulance to either supplemental O2 or room air until the end of the percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI)...
August 2017: Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641984/bi-objective-approach-for-placing-ground-and-air-ambulance-base-and-helipad-locations-in-order-to-optimize-ems-response
#9
Milad Shahriari, Ali Bozorgi-Amiri, Shayan Tavakoli, Abolghasem Yousefi-Babadi
Shortening the travel time of patient transfer has clinical implications for many conditions such as cardiac arrest, trauma, stroke and STEMI. As resources are often limited precise calculations are needed. In this paper we consider the location problem for both ground and aerial emergency medical services. Given the uncertainty of when patients are in need of prompt medical attention we consider these demand points to be uncertain. We consider various ways in which ground and helicopter ambulances can work together to make the whole process go faster...
June 15, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596923/unilateral-dilated-pupil-and-spontaneous-cardiac-arrest-with-successful-bystander-resuscitation
#10
James M Hancox, Julian Spiers, Nicholas Crombie, David N Naumann
A 75-year-old man collapsed on a golf course and received cardiopulmonary resuscitation from a bystander, including the use of a public automated external defibrillator (AED). The AED was discharged once, with return of spontaneous circulation. An air ambulance crew found the patient haemodynamically stable, with no acute abnormalities on a 12-lead ECG. He had reduced consciousness and a dilated left pupil. On contacting the patient's wife by telephone, she said that he had fallen and hit his head earlier that day...
2017: Case Reports in Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584319/identification-and-characteristics-of-biological-agents-in-work-environment-of-medical-emergency-services-in-selected-ambulances
#11
Agata Bielawska-Drózd, Piotr Cieślik, Bożena Wlizło-Skowronek, Izabela Winnicka, Leszek Kubiak, Jolanta Jaroszuk-Ściseł, Daria Depczyńska, Justyna Bohacz, Teresa Korniłowicz-Kowalska, Ewa Skopińska-Różewska, Janusz Kocik
OBJECTIVES: Assessment of microbial air quality and surface contamination in ambulances and administration offices as a control place without occupational exposure to biological agents; based on quantitative and qualitative analysis of bacteria, yeasts and filamentous fungi found in collected samples. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The sampling was done by wet cyclone technology using the Coriolis recon apparatus, imprint and swab methods, respectively. In total, 280 samples from 28 ambulances and 10 offices in Warszawa were tested...
April 25, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570313/the-cost-of-burn-transfers-a-retrospective-review-of-7-years-of-admissions-to-a-regional-burn-center
#12
Ryan E Austin, Sofie Schlagintweit, Marc G Jeschke, Russell MacDonald, Mahvareh Ahghari, Shahriar Shahrokhi
The transport of thermally injured patients can involve significant costs; however, not all thermally injured patients necessitate transfer to a burn center. The purpose of this study was to review transfers to an American Burn Association-verified regional burn center to determine whether the transfers were necessary and the cost associated with unnecessary transfers. A retrospective chart review identified 707 patients transferred to an American Burn Association-verified burn center with an acute burn injury during a 7-year period...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28518009/aeromedical-evacuation-using-extra-corporeal-life-support-after-resuscitated-cardiac-arrest
#13
David Gerard, Hervé Raffin, Guillaume Lebreton
BACKGROUND: Extra corporeal life support (ECLS) is presently first line therapy for refractory cardiogenic shock. Mobile circulatory support teams implant ECLS or extra corporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) in patients in the hospital without circulatory support. These patients are then transported to specialized centers. Here we report a case of sending a mobile circulatory support team abroad, followed by air ambulance evacuation, which, to our knowledge, has never been used as part of medical assistance abroad...
April 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509774/the-role-of-the-anaesthesiologist-in-air-ambulance-medicine
#14
Stephen J M Sollid, Marius Rehn
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The care administered on air ambulances has become increasing complex. This has led to a discussion among experts as to whether air ambulance travel should be manned by physicians. This review provides evidence in support of anaesthesiologists being the physician-leaders in air ambulance medicine, because of their training in advanced airway management, critical care, and resuscitation. RECENT FINDINGS: Successful prehospital care requires the ability to perform a complex set of advanced diagnostics and interventions...
August 2017: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508202/ozone-concentration-in-the-ground-atmosphere-and-morbidity-during-extreme-heat-in-the-summer-of-2010
#15
S N Kotelnikov, E V Stepanov, V T Ivashkin
Dependence of the population morbidity on the ground-level ozone concentration in the summer of 2010 was studied in a city with low urbanization (Vyatskie Polyany, Kirov oblast) and in Moscow. At a high air temperature and low ozone concentration, the population morbidity was not associated with these parameters in Vyatskie Polyany. When the average daily ground-level ozone concentration exceeded 60 μg/m(3) for 13 successive days, the correlation coefficient between ozone concentration and the number of ambulance calls was statistically significant, r = 0...
March 2017: Doklady Biological Sciences: Proceedings of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR, Biological Sciences Sections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499678/saving-lives-for-35-years-sentara-nightingale-looks-forward
#16
Dale Gauding
The Nightingale Regional air Ambulance program, operated by Norfolk, VA-based not-for-profit Sentara Healthcare, is marking its 35th year of operation in 2017, having surpassed 20,000 safe flights. Looking ahead, the program is adding IFR capabilities, designated landing zones to rendezvous with EMS partners and clinical training in a simulation lab, and collaborating with cardiac and neurology services to provide quicker interventions for STEMI and stroke patients at Sentara Norfolk General Hospital.
May 2017: Air Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499454/risk-for-intracranial-pressure-increase-related-to-enclosed-air-in-post-craniotomy-patients-during-air-ambulance-transport-a-retrospective-cohort-study-with-simulation
#17
Helge Brändström, Anna Sundelin, Daniela Hoseason, Nina Sundström, Richard Birgander, Göran Johansson, Ola Winsö, Lars-Owe Koskinen, Michael Haney
BACKGROUND: Post-craniotomy intracranial air can be present in patients scheduled for air ambulance transport to their home hospital. We aimed to assess risk for in-flight intracranial pressure (ICP) increases related to observed intracranial air volumes, hypothetical sea level pre-transport ICP, and different potential flight levels and cabin pressures. METHODS: A cohort of consecutive subdural hematoma evacuation patients from one University Medical Centre was assessed with post-operative intracranial air volume measurements by computed tomography...
May 12, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497763/-on-air-ambulance-services-editorial
#18
EDITORIAL
Bjorn Gunnarsson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Læknablađiđ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493187/the-short-term-associations-of-weather-and-air-pollution-with-emergency-ambulance-calls-for-paroxysmal-atrial-fibrillation
#19
Jone Vencloviene, Ruta Marija Babarskiene, Paulius Dobozinskas, Audrius Dedele, Kristina Lopatiene, Nijole Ragaisyte
A circadian variation in the cardiovascular parameters has been detected. It is plausible that the influence of the environment varies during different periods of the day. We investigated the association between daily emergency ambulance calls (EC) for paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (AF) that occurred during the time intervals of 8:00-13:59, 14:00-21:59, and 22:00-7:59, and weather conditions and exposure to CO and PM10. We used Poisson regression to explore the association between the risk of EC for AF and environmental variables, adjusting for seasonal variation...
June 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467581/can-we-make-an-early-do-not-resuscitate-decision-in-severe-burn-patients
#20
Yücel Yüce, Hakan Ahmet Acar, Kutlu Hakan Erkal, Erhan Tuncay
BACKGROUND: The present study was conducted to examine topic of issuing early do-not-resuscitate (DNR) order at first diagnosis of patients with severe burn injuries in light of current law in Turkey and the medical literature. DNR requires withholding cardiopulmonary resuscitation in event of respiratory or cardiac arrest and allowing natural death to occur. It is frequently enacted for terminal cancer patients and elderly patients with irreversible neurological disorders. METHODS: Between January 2009 and December 2014, 29 patients (3...
March 2017: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
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