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Air ambulance

Rocío Carmona, Cristina Linares, Cristina Ortiz, Blanca Vázquez, Julio Díaz
BACKGROUND: Although the effects of noise on population morbidity and mortality have been observed both in the short and long term, the morbidity and mortality indicators used to date have not enabled information on such health effects to be accessed in real time. At an international level, there are relatively few studies, mostly recent, which have considered an alternative indicator, such as the demand for medical attention provided by emergency services, taking into account environmental factors other than noise...
October 19, 2016: Environmental Research
Nicole Powell-Dunford, Jose F Quesada, Kirby R Gross, Stacy A Shackelford
BACKGROUND: Identify challenges and best practices in the development of an austere air ambulance transfusion program. METHODS: A search of PubMed using combinations of the key terms 'prehospital,' 'blood product,' 'red blood cells,' 'damage control resuscitation,' 'transfusion,' 'air ambulance,' 'medical evacuation,' and 'medevac' yielded 196 articles for further analysis, with 14 articles suitable for addressing the background of prehospital transfusion within a helicopter...
August 2016: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
Toshihiro Ichiki, Daisuke Onozuka, Masahiro Kamouchi, Akihito Hagihara
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to determine whether short-term exposure to fine particulate matter (PM2.5) is associated with emergency ambulance dispatches for cardiovascular diseases in Japan. METHODS: The nationwide data on emergency dispatches of ambulance for cardiovascular diseases classified as I00-I99 by International Classification of Diseases-10th revision in 30 Japanese prefectures between April 1 and December 31, in 2010 were analyzed. Data on weather variability including PM2...
November 2016: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
Stefan Candefjord, Ruben Buendia, Eva-Corina Caragounis, Bengt Arne Sjöqvist, Helen Fagerlind
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the proportion and characteristics of patients sustaining major trauma in road traffic crashes (RTCs) who could benefit from direct transportation to a trauma center (TC). METHODS: Currently, there is no national classification of TC in Sweden. In this study, 7 university hospitals (UHs) in Sweden were selected to represent a TC level I or level II. These UHs have similar capabilities as the definition for level I and level II TC in the United States...
September 2016: Traffic Injury Prevention
Kjersti Engan, Thomas Hinna, Tom Ryen, Tonje S Birkenes, Helge Myklebust
BACKGROUND: Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest is a life threatening situation where the first person performing cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) most often is a bystander without medical training. Some existing smartphone apps can call the emergency number and provide for example global positioning system (GPS) location like Hjelp 113-GPS App by the Norwegian air ambulance. We propose to extend functionality of such apps by using the built in camera in a smartphone to capture video of the CPR performed, primarily to estimate the duration and rate of the chest compression executed, if any...
2016: Biomedical Engineering Online
Yue Niu, Renjie Chen, Cong Liu, Pixin Ran, Ailan Chen, Xinyu Chen, Haidong Kan
Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) is becoming a considerable public health burden worldwide. The seasonal variation of OHCA has been observed, but the potential effects of ambient temperature on OHCA were rarely investigated. We, therefore, aimed to evaluate the association between ambient temperature and OHCA in Guangzhou, China. We collected daily emergency ambulance dispatches for OHCA from the Guangzhou Emergency Center from January 1, 2008 to December 31, 2012. We analyzed the associations using the time-series method...
August 3, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
G N Andrei, B I Diaconescu, B V Martian, M Beuran
We present a rare case of a 74 year old man admitted by ambulance to our department following a blunt minor abdominal trauma (veal attack). He complained of pain in the left abdominal flank and in the lower abdomen. The lower abdomen was tender, moderate distended but not rigid. He also had a left inguinal uncomplicated hernia. Because he was hemodynamic stable we performed a CT - scan who revealed several pockets of free air anteriorly in the midline. One hour and a half after admission the pacient underwent exploratory laparotomy, revealing a antimesostenic perforation of the ileum about 120 cm from the ileo-cecal valve...
May 2016: Chirurgia
Domhnall O'Dochartaigh, Matthew Douma, Mark MacKenzie
OBJECTIVE: To describe the use of prehospital ultrasonography (PHUS) to support interventions, when used by physician and non-physician air medical crew (AMC), in a Canadian helicopter emergency medical service (HEMS). METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted of consecutive patients who underwent ultrasound examination during HEMS care from January 1, 2009 through March 10, 2014. An a priori created data form was used to record patient demographics, type of ultrasound scan performed, ultrasound findings, location of scan, type of interventions supported by PHUS, factors that affected PHUS completion, and quality indicator(s)...
July 19, 2016: Prehospital Emergency Care
Samy Sadek, David J Lockey, Robbie A Lendrum, Zane Perkins, Jonathan Price, Gareth Edward Davies
This report describes the first use of Resuscitative Endovascular Balloon Occlusion of the Aorta (REBOA) in the pre-hospital setting to control catastrophic haemorrhage. The patient, who had fallen 15 meters, suffered catastrophic internal haemorrhage associated with a pelvic fracture. He was treated by London's Air Ambulance's Physician-Paramedic team. This included insertion of a REBOA balloon catheter at the scene to control likely fatal exsanguination. The patient survived transfer to hospital, emergency angio-embolization and subsequent surgery...
October 2016: Resuscitation
Michail E Keramidas, Roger Kölegård, Igor B Mekjavic, Ola Eiken
The study examined the effects of hypoxia and horizontal bed rest, separately and in combination, on peak oxygen uptake (V̇o2 peak) during upright cycle ergometry. Ten male lowlanders underwent three 21-day confinement periods in a counterbalanced order: 1) normoxic bed rest [NBR; partial pressure of inspired O2 (PiO2 ) = 133.1 ± 0.3 mmHg]; 2) hypoxic bed rest (HBR; PiO2 = 90.0 ± 0.4 mmHg), and 3) hypoxic ambulation (HAMB; PiO2 = 90.0 ± 0.4 mmHg). Before and after each confinement, subjects performed two incremental-load trials to exhaustion, while inspiring either room air (AIR), or a hypoxic gas (HYPO; PiO2 = 90...
August 1, 2016: American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology
B Balakrishnan, Z Noor, C L Curran
INTRODUCTION: Venous air embolism (VAE) due to central venous catheter (CVC) placement is a rare but preventable complication which is potentially fatal. We describe a case highlighting unique patient characteristics which increase the risk of developing VAE. CASE DESCRIPTION: A sixty-year-old gentleman was admitted to the hospital with dyspnea and altered mental status. His comorbidities include cancer of the neck and tongue, currently in remission, and schizophrenia...
2016: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
Jo Røislien, Pieter L van den Berg, Thomas Lindner, Erik Zakariassen, Karen Aardal, J Theresia van Essen
BACKGROUND: Helicopter emergency medical services are an important part of many healthcare systems. Norway has a nationwide physician staffed air ambulance service with 12 bases servicing a country with large geographical variations in population density. The aim of the study was to estimate optimal air ambulance base locations. METHODS: We used high resolution population data for Norway from 2015, dividing Norway into >300 000 1 km×1 km cells. Inhabited cells had a median (5-95 percentile) of 13 (1-391) inhabitants...
June 20, 2016: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
Marius Rehn, Gareth Davies, Paul Smith, David J Lockey
OBJECTIVE: Emergency medical vehicle collisions are an inherent risk for health care providers, patients, and other road users. Air ambulance services often use rapid response cars (RRCs) to maintain operational resilience. We aim to describe the operational concept of London's Air Ambulance (LAA) RRCs and activity over a 1-year period. METHODS: This was a retrospective dispatch database study. The RRC operational concept, car configuration, and training are also described...
May 2016: Air Medical Journal
Saira Tasmin, Kayo Ueda, Andrew Stickley, Shinya Yasumoto, Vera Ling Hui Phung, Mizuki Oishi, Shusuke Yasukouchi, Yamato Uehara, Takehiro Michikawa, Hiroshi Nitta
Short-term exposure to air pollution may be linked to negative health outcomes that require an emergency medical response. However, few studies have been undertaken on this phenomenon to date. The aim of this study therefore was to examine the association between short-term exposure to ambient suspended particulate matter (SPM) and emergency ambulance dispatches (EADs) for acute illness in Japan. Daily EAD data, daily mean SPM and meteorological data were obtained for four prefectures in the Kanto region of Japan for the period from 2007 to 2011...
October 1, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
Alex J Elliot, Sue Smith, Alec Dobney, John Thornes, Gillian E Smith, Sotiris Vardoulakis
There is an increasing body of evidence illustrating the negative health effects of air pollution including increased risk of respiratory, cardiac and other morbid conditions. During March and April 2014 there were two air pollution episodes in England that occurred in close succession. We used national real-time syndromic surveillance systems, including general practitioner (GP) consultations, emergency department attendances, telehealth calls and ambulance dispatch calls to further understand the impact of these short term acute air pollution periods on the health seeking behaviour of the general public...
July 2016: Environmental Pollution
Nasim Ahmed
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the study was to review the impact on survival of trauma victims who were transported via helicopter ambulance versus ground transportation and who received cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) within 1 hour of hospital arrival. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of the trauma patients who underwent CPR within 1 hour of arrival to the trauma centers and transported either via air or ground ambulances was performed. Data were extracted from the Research Data Set 2007-2010 from the American College of Surgeons National Trauma Data Bank...
April 2016: Southern Medical Journal
Julia A Myers, David M C Powell, Alex Psirides, Karyn Hathaway, Sarah Aldington, Michael F Haney
BACKGROUND: In the isolated and dynamic health-care setting of critical care air ambulance transport, the quality of clinical care is strongly influenced by non-technical skills such as anticipating, recognising and understanding, decision making, and teamwork. However there are no published reports identifying or applying a non-technical skills framework specific to an intensive care air ambulance setting. The objective of this study was to adapt and evaluate a non-technical skills rating framework for the air ambulance clinical environment...
2016: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2016: Emergency Nurse: the Journal of the RCN Accident and Emergency Nursing Association
Jorge Luis Alvarado-Socarras, Alvaro Javier Idrovo, Anderson Bermon
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the differences in hospital survival between modes of transport to a tertiary center in Colombia for critically ill neonates. METHODS: Observational study of seriously ill neonates transported via air or ground, who required medical care at a center providing highly complex services. Data on sociodemographic, clinical, the Transport Risk Index of Physiologic Stability (TRIPS), and mode of transport were collected. Patients were described, followed by a bivariate analysis with condition (live or dead) at time of discharge as the dependent variable...
May 2016: Jornal de Pediatria
Alexander R Schmidt, Lea Ulrich, Burkhardt Seifert, Roland Albrecht, Donat R Spahn, Philipp Stein
BACKGROUND: Pre-hospital paediatric airway management is complex. A variety of pitfalls need prompt response to establish and maintain adequate ventilation and oxygenation. Anatomical disparity render laryngoscopy different compared to the adult. The correct choice of endotracheal tube size and depth of insertion is not trivial and often challenged due to the initially unknown age of child. METHODS: Data from 425 paediatric patients (<17 years of age) with any airway manipulation treated by a Swiss Air-Ambulance crew between June 2010 and December 2013 were retrospectively analysed...
2016: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
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