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Angle closure glaucoma

Katrin Lorenz, Sabine Beck, Munir M Keilani, Joanna Wasielica-Poslednik, Norbert Pfeiffer, Franz H Grus
BACKGROUND: The aim of our current investigation was to analyze the autoantibody -reactivities of patients after acute angle closure glaucoma (AACG) by means of a protein microarray approach to identify intraocular pressure (IOP)-dependent antibodies. METHODS: Collected sera from different study time points (AACG n = 6, 0, 2, 4 and 12 weeks) and control group (CTRL n = 11, 0 and 12 weeks) were analyzed. Protein-microarrays were incubated with sera and occurring immunoreactivities were visualized with fluorescence labeled anti-human-IgG antibodies...
October 18, 2016: Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology
Y S Sirohi, V A Arun, Yatharth Dixit
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Nazlee Zebardast, Srinivasan Kavitha, Palaniswamy Krishnamurthy, David S Friedman, Monisha E Nongpiur, Tin Aung, Harry A Quigley, Pradeep Y Ramulu, Rengaraj Venkatesh
PURPOSE: To compare anterior segment optical coherence tomography (ASOCT) angle morphology before and after laser peripheral iridotomy (LPI) in a cohort of South Indian subjects with primary angle-closure suspect (PACS) or primary angle-closure/primary angle-closure glaucoma (PAC/PACG) and to examine baseline parameters associated with angle widening. DESIGN: Prospective observational study. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 244 subjects aged ≥30 years with PACS or PAC/PACG in at least 1 eye...
October 7, 2016: Ophthalmology
Augusto Azuara-Blanco, Jennifer Burr, Craig Ramsay, David Cooper, Paul J Foster, David S Friedman, Graham Scotland, Mehdi Javanbakht, Claire Cochrane, John Norrie
BACKGROUND: Primary angle-closure glaucoma is a leading cause of irreversible blindness worldwide. In early-stage disease, intraocular pressure is raised without visual loss. Because the crystalline lens has a major mechanistic role, lens extraction might be a useful initial treatment. METHODS: From Jan 8, 2009, to Dec 28, 2011, we enrolled patients from 30 hospital eye services in five countries. Randomisation was done by a web-based application. Patients were assigned to undergo clear-lens extraction or receive standard care with laser peripheral iridotomy and topical medical treatment...
October 1, 2016: Lancet
Bo Li, Feng-Yun Wang, Tai-Liang Lv, Yu Zhu
The aim of the present study was to examine the effects of phacoemulsification and intraocular lens implantation combined with ciliarotomy in the treatment of angle-closure glaucoma with cataract in the elderly. A total of 68 patients were consecutively selected and divided into the control group with 33 cases (48 eyes) and the observation group with 35 cases (53 eyes). Cataract surgery combined with trabeculectomy was performed on the patients in the control group and phacoemulsification cataract extraction combined with ciliarotomy was performed on the subjects in the observation group, to compare postoperative effects and complications...
October 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Hui-Chen Cheng, Chao-Yu Guo, Yu-Jing Chen, Mei-Ju Chen, Yu-Chieh Ko, Nicole Huang, Catherine Jui-Ling Liu
PURPOSE: To investigate the different impacts on patient-reported vision-related quality of life (pVRQOL) outcomes in patients with primary angle-closure glaucoma(PACG) and primary open-angle glaucoma(POAG). METHODS: Prospective cross-sectional study. PACG and POAG patients who had a best-corrected visual acuity(BCVA) in the better eye equal to or better than 20/60, intraocular pressure controlled at or below 25 mmHg and reliable visual field test were invited to participate...
2016: PloS One
Chandrima Paul, Subhrangshu Sengupta, Sumit Choudhury, Souvik Banerjee, Betsy L Sleath
CONTEXT: Glaucoma is the leading cause of global irreversible blindness. No recent study with adequate sample size has been carried out to estimate glaucoma prevalence in Eastern India. AIMS: The aim of this study was to assess and compare the prevalence and types of glaucoma in a rural and urban East Indian population. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: The Hooghly River Glaucoma Study (HRGS) is a population-based cross-sectional study from West Bengal...
August 2016: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
Farihah Anwar, Angela Turalba
BACKGROUND: Glaucoma is the second leading cause of blindness in the world. Angle closure glaucoma accounts for 25% of all glaucoma, with Asia having the highest rate. Angle closure is an anatomical variation, making the Inuit, Chinese, and other Asians more susceptible. Current treatments include medical, laser, and surgical modalities. PURPOSE: To identify the current treatment protocols for primary angle closure. DISCUSSION: The current general protocol to treat angle closure is to lower the intraocular pressure with medications and perform laser iridotomy...
September 29, 2016: Seminars in Ophthalmology
Yu-Fan Chang, Yu-Chieh Ko, Ling-Ing Lau, Catherine Jui-Ling Liu
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to verify the accuracy of a formula predicting postoperative intraocular pressure (IOP) after phacoemulsification and intraocular lens implantation (PHCE-IOL) in primary angle-closure glaucoma (PACG). In a retrospective chart review of patients with PACG who underwent PHCE-IOL between 2011 and 2014, we collected preoperative IOP, axial length, anterior chamber depth (ACD), number of pre-PHCE glaucoma medications, and IOP and glaucoma medications at 1 month and 3 months post-PHCE...
September 26, 2016: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
Bing Liu, Da-Dong Guo, Xiu-Juan Du, Chen-Yang Cong, Xiao-Hua Ma
To evaluate the safety and efficacy of Ex-PRESS (R50) implantation combined with phacoemulsification in primary angle-closure glaucoma (PACG) patients with cataract.Twenty-four eyes of 24 patients with unregulated PACG underwent combined cataract and glaucoma surgery. After phacoemulsification and intraocular lens implantation, the Ex-PRESS (R-50) was inserted into the anterior chamber under a scleral flap. The intraocular pressure (IOP), best corrected visual acuity (BCVA), number of medications, and complications were recorded preoperatively as well as postoperatively on day 7 and at 1, 3, 6, and 12 months...
September 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Dewang Angmo, Meenakshi Wadhwani, Ashish Dutt Upadhyay, Shreyas Temkar, Tanuj Dada
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of trabeculectomy with combined subconjunctival and subscleral ologen implant in eyes with advanced glaucomatous optic neuropathy. DESIGN: This is a retrospective, noncomparative case series. METHODS: Twenty seven eyes of 23 patients with advanced primary glaucoma who underwent fornix-based trabeculectomy with insertion of ologen both subsclerally and subconjunctivally along with low dose Mitomycin-C (0...
September 2, 2016: Journal of Glaucoma
Song-Feng Li, Ge-Wei Wu, Chang-Xi Chen, Ling Shen, Zhi-Bao Zhang, Fei Gao, Ning-Li Wang
AIM: To investigate the relationship between choroidal thickness and anterior chamber segment in subjects with eyes with narrow or open-angle. METHODS: The subfoveal choroidal thickness was measured with enhanced depth-imaging optical coherence tomography and anterior chamber parameters were measured with ultrasound biomicroscopy in one eye of 23 subjects with open-angle eyes and 38 subjects with narrow-angle eyes. The mean age was 59.52±7.04y for narrow-angle subjects and 60...
2016: International Journal of Ophthalmology
Hamoud Al-Shahrani, Najwa Al-Dabbagh, Nourah Al-Dohayan, Misbahul Arfin, Mohammad Al-Asmari, Sadaf Rizvi, Abdulrahman Al-Asmari
BACKGROUND: Methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR), a critical enzyme in folate metabolism is involved in DNA synthesis, DNA repair and DNA methylation. The functional polymorphism of MTHFR gene, C677T has been shown to impact various diseases and implicated as a risk factor for the development of various neurodegenerative disorders including glaucoma. METHODS: We investigated MTHFR C677T genotypes and alleles frequencies in primary glaucoma [primary open angle glaucoma (POAG) and primary angle closure glaucoma (PACG)] patients and matched healthy controls in a case-control study...
2016: BMC Ophthalmology
Kumale Tolesa, Girum W Gessesse
BACKGROUND: Reports of central corneal thickness (CCT) among glaucoma patients, particularly for pseudoexfoliative glaucoma (PXG) and Primary Angle Closure Glaucoma (PACG) are scarce in the Sub-Saharan African (SSA) population. The aim of this study is to evaluate CCT in black patients with newly diagnosed glaucoma and ocular hypertension (OHT) in South West Ethiopia. METHODS: This was a prospective study undertaken with an ultrasonic pachymeter from June 2014 to February 2015 in Jimma University Specialized Hospital...
2016: BMC Ophthalmology
Satoko Nakano, Takako Nakamuro, Katsuhiko Yokoyama, Kunihiro Kiyosaki, Toshiaki Kubota
Purpose. To perform multivariate analysis for identifying independent predictors of elevated intraocular pressure (IOP) with neovascular glaucoma (NVG), including antivascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) intravitreal injections. Methods. We retrospectively reviewed 142 NVG patients (181 eyes) with ischemic retinal diseases [proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR) in 134 eyes, retinal vein occlusion (RVO) in 29, and ocular ischemic syndrome in 18]. We analyzed age, gender, initial/final LogMAR VA, initial/final IOP, extent of iris and/or angle neovascularization, treatments, preexisting complications, concurrent medications, and follow-up duration...
2016: Journal of Ophthalmology
Jimmy T Le, Benjamin Rouse, Gus Gazzard
This is the protocol for a review and there is no abstract. The objectives are as follows: The primary objective is to assess the role of iridotomy-compared with observation-in the prevention of visual field loss for individuals who have primary angle closure or primary angle-closure glaucoma in at least one eye. We will also examine the role of iridotomy in the prevention of elevated intraocular pressure (IOP) in individuals with narrow angles (primary angle-closure suspect) in at least one eye.
2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Ehud Zamir, George Y X Kong, Tanya Kowalski, Michael Coote, Ghee Soon Ang
PURPOSE: We hypothesize that: (1) Anterior chamber depth (ACD) is correlated with the relative anteroposterior position of the pupillary image, as viewed from the temporal side. (2) Such a correlation may be used as a simple quantitative tool for estimation of ACD. METHODS: Two hundred sixty-six phakic eyes had lateral digital photographs taken from the temporal side, perpendicular to the visual axis, and underwent optical biometry (Nidek AL scanner). The relative anteroposterior position of the pupillary image was expressed using the ratio between: (1) lateral photographic temporal limbus to pupil distance ("E") and (2) lateral photographic temporal limbus to cornea distance ("Z")...
July 2016: Translational Vision Science & Technology
Jeffrey L Goldberg, Amy G Lau, Bo Fan, Lisa Ford, Howard E Greenberg
Occasional reports of uveitis following topiramate use necessitated an investigation of relevant cases from safety databases and published biomedical literature. Data mining of the Food and Drug Administration Adverse Event Reporting System and cumulative review of cases from the global safety database (sponsor database) and published literature were conducted to assess association between topiramate use and uveitis. The Food and Drug Administration Adverse Event Reporting System search identified disproportional reporting of uveitis (n=23) and related terms (choroidal detachment, n=25; iridocyclitis, n=17)...
2016: Clinical Ophthalmology
Sarah C Xu, Angela C Gauthier, Ji Liu
Glaucoma is one of the leading causes of blindness worldwide. Recent studies suggest that intraocular pressure (IOP) fluctuations, peaks, and rhythm are important factors in disease advancement. Yet, current glaucoma management remains hinged on single IOP measurements during clinic hours. To overcome this limitation, 24-hour IOP monitoring devices have been employed and include self-tonometry, permanent IOP, and temporary IOP monitoring. This review discusses each IOP measuring strategy and focuses on the recently FDA-approved contact lens sensor (CLS)...
2016: Journal of Ophthalmology
Masato Matsuo, Ichiya Sano, Yoshifumi Ikeda, Etsuko Fujihara, Masaki Tanito
OBJECTIVE: We report 3 cases of intraoperative floppy-iris syndrome (IFIS) during cataract surgery in patients without a history of selective α1-blocker use but with a long-term history of antipsychotic drug use. We reviewed previously reported cases of antipsychotic drug-associated IFIS cases. DESIGN: Observational case series. RESULTS: In case 1, bilateral IFIS developed in a 39-year-old man with chronic angle-closure glaucoma. He had used several classes of antipsychotic drugs to treat schizophrenia, including the first-generation antipsychotic drugs haloperidol and chlorpromazine, the dopamine system stabilizer aripiprazole, the dopamine serotonin antagonists olanzapine and quetiapine, and the serotonin dopamine antagonists risperidone and blonanserin for 7 years...
August 2016: Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology. Journal Canadien D'ophtalmologie
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