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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731617/in-vivo-diagnosis-of-early-stage-gastric-cancer-found-after-helicobacter-pylori-eradication-using-probe-based-confocal-laser-endomicroscopy
#1
Noriyuki Horiguchi, Tomomitsu Tahara, T Hyuga Yamada, Dai Yoshida, Masaaki Okubo, Mitsuo Nagasaka, Yoshihito Nakagawa, Tomoyuki Shibata, Tetsuya Tsukamoto, Makoto Kuroda, Naoki Ohmiya
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Early-stage gastric cancer (EGC) found after Helicobacter pylori (Hp) eradication often displays non-tumorous regenerative epithelium and/or maturated tumorous epithelium overlying the cancerous tissue, which may confuse endoscopic and histologic diagnosis. Probe-based confocal laser endomicroscopy (pCLE) enables in vivo real-time optical biopsy. We compared the diagnostic yields for these EGC cases using conventional white light endoscopy (WL), magnifying endoscopy with narrow-band imaging (ME-NBI), pCLE, and endoscopic biopsy; we also compared the accuracy of the horizontal extent diagnosis between ME-NBI and pCLE...
July 21, 2017: Digestive Endoscopy: Official Journal of the Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731081/metal-mediated-reactions-between-dialkylcyanamides-and-acetamidoxime-generate-unusual-nitrosoguanidinate-nickel-ii-complexes
#2
Zarina M Bikbaeva, Alexander S Novikov, Vitalii V Suslonov, Nadezhda A Bokach, Vadim Yu Kukushkin
The nitrosoguanidinate complexes [Ni{NH[double bond, length as m-dash]C(NR2)NN(O)}2] (R2 = Me21, (CH2)4O 2, (CH2)43, (CH2)54, (Me)Ph 5, Ph26, (p-MeC6H4)27) were obtained in low-to-moderate (12-26%) yields but reproducible yields in an unexpected metal-mediated reaction in MeOH between the nickel salt NiCl2·2H2O, N,N-disubstituted cyanamides NCNR2, and the amidoxime MeC([double bond, length as m-dash]NOH)NH2. These complexes were formed along with a spectrum of cyanamide-oxime coupling products. The IR and X-ray data indicate the delocalization within the NNO and NCN systems of the nitrosoguanidinate ligand...
July 21, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730270/the-patient-experience-of-musculoskeletal-imaging-tests-for-investigation-of-inflammatory-arthritis-a-mixed-methods-study
#3
Sandra Bourke, William J Taylor, Anthony J Doyle, Merryn Gott, Nicola Dalbeth
The objective of this study was to understand the patient experience of musculoskeletal imaging tests for investigation of inflammatory arthritis and factors that contribute to this experience. We conducted a thematic analysis of semi-structured interviews with 33 patients who had a recent peripheral joint musculoskeletal imaging test for investigation of inflammatory arthritis. Data from these interviews were used to generate an 18-item questionnaire which was posted to rheumatology clinic patients within 6 weeks of peripheral joint imaging...
July 20, 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728759/school-nurses-experiences-and-perceptions-of-healthy-eating-school-environments
#4
Jean Muckian, Julia Snethen, Aaron Buseh
School nurses provide health promotion and health services within schools, as healthy children have a greater potential for optimal learning. One of the school nurses' role is in encouraging healthy eating and increasing the availability of fruits and vegetables in the school. The purpose of this study was to explore and describe school nurses' perceptions of their role in promoting increased fruit and vegetable consumption in the school setting. One avenue to increased availability of fruits and vegetables in schools is Farm to School programs mandated by the Federal government to improve the health of school children...
July 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728398/effects-of-dietary-energy-levels-on-physiological-parameters-and-reproductive-performance-in-gestating-sows-over-three-consecutive-parities
#5
S S Jin, Y H Jin, J C Jang, J S Hong, S W Jung, Y Y Kim
Objective: This experiment was to evaluate the effects of the dietary energy levels on the physiological parameters and reproductive performance during gestation over three parities in sows. Methods: A total of 52 F1 gilts (Yorkshire×Landrace) were allotted to one of four dietary treatments using a completely randomized design (CRD). The treatments contained 3,100, 3,200, 3,300 or 3,400 kcal of ME/kg diet but feed was provided at 2.0, 2.2 and 2.4kg/day in the first, second and third parity, respectively...
May 14, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727963/going-in-many-right-directions-all-at-once
#6
Susan T Fiske
When asked whether the field is going in the right direction, my answer is "yes, mostly." Policymakers' respect and the public's interest put us in the spotlight for our intrinsic strengths-but they also draw attention to our weaknesses as reflected by the replication crisis, about which reasonable opinions differ. Among other concerns, civility and mutual tolerance have sometimes been an issue in these debates. As an example of a constructive debate, our lab's recent experience with mutually respectful engagement has advanced solving one scientific puzzle...
July 2017: Perspectives on Psychological Science: a Journal of the Association for Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727846/effects-of-high-intensity-interval-versus-mild-intensity-endurance-training-on-metabolic-phenotype-and-corticosterone-response-in-rats-fed-a-high-fat-or-control-diet
#7
Youqing Shen, Guoyuan Huang, Bryan P McCormick, Tao Song, Xiangfeng Xu
The aim of the present study was to compare the effects of high-intensity interval training (HI) to mild-intensity endurance training (ME), combined with a high-fat diet (HFD) or control diet (CD) on metabolic phenotype and corticosterone levels in rats. Fifty-three rats were randomized to 6 groups according to diet and training regimen as follows: CD and sedentary (CS, n = 11), CD and ME (CME, n = 8), CD and HI (CHI, n = 8), HFD and sedentary (HS, n = 10), HFD and ME (HME, n = 8), and HFD and HI (HHI, n = 8)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727124/similar-effects-of-lysine-deficiency-in-muscle-biochemical-characteristics-of-fatty-and-lean-piglets
#8
P Palma-Granados, A Haro, I Seiquer, L Lara, J F Aguilera, R Nieto
The main objective of this work was to investigate the effects of feeding Lys-deficient diets on muscle biochemical characteristics, particularly intramuscular fat concentration and fatty acid profile, in a fatty (Iberian) and a conventional pig genotype (Landrace × Large White [LDW]) maintained in identical experimental conditions. Performance and plasma metabolite changes were also monitored. Twenty-eight barrows of 10 kg initial BW, 14 of Iberian and 14 of LDW breed, were randomly assigned to each of 2 experimental diets in a 2 × 2 factorial arrangement (2 breeds × 2 diets)...
July 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727110/calibration-and-validation-of-a-carbon-oxidation-system-and-determination-of-the-bicarbonate-retention-factor-and-the-dietary-phenylalanine-requirement-in-the-presence-of-excess-tyrosine-of-adult-female-mixed-breed-dogs
#9
A K Shoveller, J J Danelon, J L Atkinson, G M Davenport, R O Ball, P B Pencharz
Carbon oxidation methods have been used as rapid and sensitive methods to determine whole-body AA requirements in multiple species. The objectives of the current studies were to validate complete CO recovery, determine the bicarbonate retention factor, and estimate the Phe requirement, in the presence of excess Tyr, in adult dogs using the direct oxidation technique. In this series of studies, 2 oxidation chambers were constructed and calibrated to ensure accurate collection of breath CO. First, 104.6 ± 7...
July 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727100/gestating-sows-have-greater-digestibility-of-energy-in-full-fat-rice-bran-and-defatted-rice-bran-than-growing-gilts-regardless-of-level-of-feed-intake
#10
G A Casas, H H Stein
The first objective of this experiment was to test the hypothesis that apparent total tract digestibility (ATTD) of GE and nutrients in full fat rice bran (FFRB) and defatted rice bran (DFRB) determined in gestating sows is greater if feed is provided at 1.5 × the ME required for maintenance than at 3.5 × the ME requirement. The second objective was to test the hypothesis that the ATTD of GE and nutrients and the concentrations of DE and ME in FFRB and DFRB is not different between growing gilts and gestating sows if both groups of animals are fed 3...
July 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727094/effects-of-adding-minimally-refined-cottonseed-oil-or-crude-glycerol-to-diets-containing-40-corn-distiller-s-dried-grains-with-solubles-on-growth-performance-carcass-characteristics-and-pork-fat-firmness-of-growing-finishing-pigs
#11
C C E J Villela, R B Cox, G C Shurson, K M Compart, P E Urriola, L J Johnston
Diets containing more than 20% distiller's dried grains with solubles (DDGS) reduce fat firmness in pork, but supplementation of cottonseed oil or crude glycerol may improve fat firmness. The objective of this study was to assess the effect of feeding minimally refined cottonseed oil or crude glycerol on growth performance, carcass composition, and fat quality of growing-finishing pigs. Mixed sex pigs ( = 216; 24 ± 4 kg initial BW) were blocked by BW and allotted to 1 of 3 dietary treatments: 1) a basal corn-soybean meal diet with 40% DDGS (CON), 2) CON diet plus 5% minimally refined cottonseed oil added throughout the experiment (COT), or 3) CON fed during the first 8 wk and CON + 8% crude glycerol fed during the last 6 wk of the experiment (GLY)...
July 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727091/endogenous-fat-loss-and-true-total-tract-digestibility-of-poultry-fat-in-adult-dogs
#12
F R Marx, L Trevizan, F M O B Saad, K G Lisenko, J S Reis, A M Kessler
Fat plays an important role in the carnivore diet. It has high digestibility and high energy content and likely improves digestibility of the diet when present in greater amounts, suggesting that endogenous fat adversely affects the apparent digestibility of fat in low-fat diets. This study aimed to determine the endogenous fat loss (EFL) and true total tract digestibility (TTTD) of fat in dogs by using diets having different fat:carbohydrate ratios. Furthermore, the apparent total tract digestibility (ATTD) of macronutrients and energy, food intake, fecal output, and stool quality were evaluated...
July 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727088/ultraviolet-irradiation-of-spray-dried-porcine-plasma-does-not-affect-the-growth-performance-of-nursery-pigs-when-compared-with-nonirradiated-bovine-plasma
#13
K M Cottingim, L J Johnston, A M Hilbrands, G C Shurson, P E Urriola
Ultraviolet light irradiation of spray-dried porcine plasma (SDPP) decreases the risk of disease transmission, but it may decrease the activity of bioactive components in SDPP. Therefore, the objectives of this study were to determine growth performance, morbidity, and mortality responses of nursery pigs fed UV-irradiated SDPP (UV-SDPP) compared with nonirradiated spray-dried bovine plasma (SDBP). Pigs ( = 480; 6.09 ± 2.4 kg initial BW) were blocked by initial BW, and blocks were assigned to pens. the sex ratio was equalized within blocks and pens...
July 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727067/compositional-mixed-modeling-of-methane-emissions-and-ruminal-volatile-fatty-acids-from-individual-cattle-and-multiple-experiments
#14
J Palarea-Albaladejo, J A Rooke, I M Nevison, R J Dewhurst
The aim of the study was to investigate the association of methane (CH) yields (g/kg DMI) with rumen VFA molar proportions and animal and diet-related covariates from individual animals and multiple experiments. The dataset available consisted of 284 measurements of CH yields for beef cattle from 6 experiments measured in indirect respiration chambers. A compositional modeling approach was employed where VFA measurements were considered as a whole, instead of in isolation, emphasizing their multivariate relative scale...
June 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727064/ileal-starch-digestibility-of-different-cereal-grains-fed-to-growing-pigs
#15
P Rosenfelder-Kuon, E J P Strang, H K Spindler, M Eklund, R Mosenthin
The objective of the present study was to determine, in growing pigs, the ileal starch digestibility and ileal digestible starch content of 8 different genotypes of barley, rye, triticale, and wheat each. Therefore, 4 experiments were conducted with 34 ileally cannulated growing pigs (initial BW of 24 to 32 kg) in total. The experimental diets were formulated to contain 1 of the 8 genotypes of each cereal grain at an inclusion level of 95%. Cereal grains were ground through a 2-mm sieve and were the sole dietary source of starch...
June 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727063/effect-of-dietary-fiber-and-diet-particle-size-on-nutrient-digestibility-and-gastrointestinal-secretory-function-in-growing-pigs
#16
M Saqui-Salces, Z Luo, P E Urriola, B J Kerr, G C Shurson
Reduction of diet particle size (PS) increases feed efficiency due to an increase in the apparent total tract (ATTD) of GE. However, other effects of PS on the gut secretory function are not known. Therefore, the objective of this experiment was to measure the effect of diet composition (DC) and PS on nutrient digestibility, gastrointestinal hormones, total bile acids (TBA), total cholesterol and glucose concentrations in plasma of finishing pigs ( = 8/diet). Pigs were fed finely (374 ± 29 µm) or coarsely (631 ± 35 µm) ground corn-soybean meal (CSB), CSB + 35% corn dried distillers' grains with solubles (DDGS), and CSB with 21% soybean hulls (SBH) diets for 49 d...
June 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727059/dynamics-of-nitrogen-retention-at-two-feeding-levels-in-gestating-parity-2-and-3-sows
#17
E G Miller, C L Levesque, N L Trottier, C F M de Lange
Parity-2 ( = 39) and -3 ( = 28; same sows from parity-2 sows) Yorkshire sows were used to measure whole body protein deposition (Pd) during gestation (maternal and pregnancy-associated) at 2 feeding levels to test the hypothesis that the pattern of whole body and maternal Pd during gestation does not differ when feeding either 15% above or 15% below estimated ME requirements, both exceeding AA requirements. Initial BW and backfat (BF) at d 26 ± 0.3 of gestation were 195.4 ± 5.2 kg and 15.1 ± 0.5 mm, and 223...
June 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727050/net-energy-of-hemp-hulls-and-processed-hemp-hull-products-fed-to-growing-pigs-and-the-comparison-of-net-energy-determined-via-indirect-calorimetry-and-calculated-from-prediction-equations
#18
J W Kim, C M Nyachoti
An experiment was conducted to determine the NE of hemp hulls (HH), extruded HH (EHH), and a blended product of HH with pea (HHP) fed to growing pigs using indirect calorimetry (IC) and to determine effects of dietary fiber on heat production (HP) and fasting HP (FHP). Twenty-four growing barrows with an average initial BW of 22.9 ± 1.75 kg were individually housed in adjustable metabolism crates. Pigs were randomly allotted to 1 of 4 dietary treatments with 6 replicates per treatment. A corn-soybean meal basal diet was prepared...
June 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727048/nutrient-composition-digestible-and-metabolizable-energy-content-and-prediction-of-energy-for-animal-protein-byproducts-in-finishing-pig-diets
#19
B J Kerr, R Jha, P E Urriola, G C Shurson
An industry survey and animal experiment were conducted to evaluate compositional variability and DE and ME content of animal protein byproducts and to generate equations to predict DE and ME content based on chemical analysis. For the 220 samples collected, the greatest concentration of CP was observed in blood meal (BM) and the least in meat and bone meal (MBM) and the greatest concentration of ether extract was in meat meal and the least in BM, with ash content greatest in MBM and least in BM, with Ca and P levels being 36...
June 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727009/effects-of-energy-supplementation-on-energy-losses-and-nitrogen-balance-of-steers-fed-green-chopped-wheat-pasture-i-calorimetry
#20
A L Shreck, P J Ebert, E A Bailey, J S Jennings, K D Casey, B E Meyer, N A Cole
Cattle grazing wheat pasture in the southern Great Plains are sometimes fed an energy supplement; however, the benefits of supplementation on nutrient balance, energy metabolism, and greenhouse gas emissions have not been elucidated. Therefore, we used 10 British crossbred steers (206 ± 10.7 kg initial BW) in a respiration calorimetry study to evaluate the effects of energy supplementation on energy losses, N balance, and nutrient digestibility of steers fed green-chopped wheat forage. The study design was an incomplete replicated 4 × 4 Latin square with treatments in a 2 × 2 factorial arrangement...
May 2017: Journal of Animal Science
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