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Neurological physical therapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680002/improving-the-utility-of-clinical-phenotyping-in-interstitial-cystitis-painful-bladder-syndrome-from-upoint-to-input
#1
Alice Crane, Jessica Lloyd, Daniel A Shoskes
INTRODUCTION: The phenotyping system UPOINT has proven effective in classifying patients with Urologic Pelvic Pain Syndromes in a clinically meaningful way and to guide therapy. While highly successful in men with chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CPPS), UPOINT is more limited in patients with interstitial cystitis/painful bladder syndrome (IC/PBS) since by definition all patients have the urinary and organ specific phenotype. Furthermore, AUA guidelines recommend a sequential tiered approach to therapy rather than the multimodal UPOINT scheme...
April 2018: Canadian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666096/devil-is-in-the-detail
#2
John Roshan Jacob, Amal Paul, Anoop George Alex
A 15-year-old girl of Asian origin, hailing from a rural agrarian background, presented with history of multiple episodes of dizziness for 3 years. The episodes were precipitated mostly by emotional and/or physical stress and relieved on lying down, with a few episodes culminating in transient loss of consciousness. As preliminary cardiac and neurological evaluation were normal, she was being treated by the primary physician as a case of probable psychogenic syncope, supported by the consistent association of the episodes with emotional stress...
April 17, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666075/rogue-one-a-story-of-tophaceous-gout-in-the-spine
#3
Karthik Dwarki, Andy Dothard, Bryan Abadie, Matthew C Miles
A 26-year-old man with history of extensive tophaceous gout presented to the referring facility with decreased bilateral lower extremity sensation and motor function that began acutely 1 week prior to admission and had progressed to urinary incontinence. The patient was admitted to the intensive care unit due to concern for sepsis secondary to epidural abscess. The patient was started on empiric vancomycin and cefepime. Neurosurgery did not recommend acute neurosurgical intervention given the lack of a compressive lesion...
April 17, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652950/-referral-to-rehabilitation-services-of-patients-discharged-from-a-general-hospital-with-a-potentially-disabling-condition
#4
Natalia Hofmann U, Carlo Paolinelli G, Ariel Castro L
Background Patients discharged from general hospitals with a potentially disabling condition can benefit in their recovery with the aid of physical medicine and rehabilitation services. Aim To determine the proportion of patients discharged from a general hospital with a potentially disabling condition, who were derived to physiatry for rehabilitation. Material and Methods Review of the discharge database of a general hospital, identifying all discharges with a potentially disabling condition, and those who were effectively derived for rehabilitation...
December 2017: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628294/the-inpatient-assessment-and-management-of-motor-functional-neurological-disorders-an-interdisciplinary-perspective
#5
Kathleen McKee, Sean Glass, Caitlin Adams, Christopher D Stephen, Franklin King, Kristin Parlman, David L Perez, Nicholas Kontos
BACKGROUND: Motor functional neurologic disorders (FND)-previously termed "hysteria" and later "conversion disorder"-are exceedingly common and frequently encountered in the acute hospital setting. Despite their high prevalence, patients with motor FND can be challenging to diagnose accurately and manage effectively. To date, there is limited guidance on the inpatient approach to the neuropsychiatric evaluation of patients with functional (psychogenic) neurologic symptoms...
January 8, 2018: Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623154/choosing-wisely-together-physical-and-occupational-therapy-consultation-for-acute-neurology-inpatients
#6
John C Probasco, Annette Lavezza, Andre Cassell, Tenise Shakes, Angie Feurer, Holly Russell, Hilary Sporney, Margie Burnett, Chepkorir Maritim, Victor Urrutia, H Adrian Puttgen, Michael Friedman, Erik H Hoyer
Background: Although many hospitalized neuroscience patients have physical and occupational therapy (rehabilitation) needs, patients with none or minimal physical impairments frequently receive rehabilitation consultation, diverting from patients with greatest need. Methods: A multidisciplinary team on the general and cerebrovascular neurology acute inpatient services mapped the rehabilitation consultation process, resulting in multiple implemented interventions including physician education on appropriate acute rehabilitation consultations, modification of multidisciplinary rounds, and discussion of patient rehabilitation needs throughout hospitalization...
April 2018: Neurohospitalist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607495/acupuncture-for-acute-stroke
#7
REVIEW
Mangmang Xu, Dan Li, Shihong Zhang
BACKGROUND: Sensory stimulation via acupuncture has been reported to alter activities of numerous neural systems by activating multiple efferent pathways. Acupuncture, one of the main physical therapies in Traditional Chinese Medicine, has been widely used to treat patients with stroke for over hundreds of years. This is the first update of the Cochrane Review originally published in 2005. OBJECTIVES: To assess whether acupuncture could reduce the proportion of people with death or dependency, while improving quality of life, after acute ischemic or hemorrhagic stroke...
March 30, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596007/outpatient-physical-therapy-cardiovascular-assessment-physical-therapist-perspective-and-experience
#8
Ali Mufraih Albarrati
BACKGROUND: Physical therapists are recognized healthcare providers who play an important role in cardiovascular disease prevention. Heart rate (HR) and blood pressure (BP) are important parameters in cardiovascular risk assessment; however, physical therapists do not usually integrate them into clinical practice. Therefore, this study aimed to examine the current practice and opinion of outpatient physical therapists toward HR and BP measurements in clinics. METHODS: A 12-item survey questionnaire was distributed to outpatient physical therapists...
March 29, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29572678/perspective-on-broad-acting-clinical-physiological-effects-of-photobiomodulation
#9
Steven Shanks, Gerry Leisman
Research into photobiomodulation reveals beneficial effects of light therapy for a rapidly expanding list of medical conditions and illnesses. Although it has become more widely accepted by the mainstream medicine, the effects and mechanisms of action appear to be poorly understood. The therapeutic benefits of photobiomodulation using low-energy red lasers extend far beyond superficial applications, with a well-described physics allowing an understanding of how red lasers of certain optimum intensities may cross the cranium...
March 24, 2018: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29565103/white-book-on-physical-and-rehabilitation-medicine-in-europe-chapter-2-why-rehabilitation-is-needed-by-individual-and-society
#10
(no author information available yet)
In the context of the White Book of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (PRM) in Europe, this paper describes the background to the context of PRM services and comprises the following: - Epidemiological Aspects of Functioning and Disability - Ethical Aspects and Human Rights - Rehabilitation and Health Systems - Economic Burden of Disability - Effects of Lack of Rehabilitation Health care service planning accounts for the burden of disability among society and the chapter describes the justification for specialist rehabilitation, the background of PRM and why making a functional diagnosis and a management plan based on function is its core competence...
April 2018: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29560937/-an-influence-of-submaximal-submineximal-doses-of-mexidol-on-oxidant-stress-and-inflammation-in-the-acute-period-of-ischemic-stroke
#11
A R Godunova, A A Rakhimova, O I Leontyeva, I G Talipova, R M Yakhin, Sh G Musin
AIM: To study an effect of submaximal doses of mexidol on the dynamics of biochemical markers of inflammation and damage to brain tissue in the acute period of ischemic stroke. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 60 patients admitted in the first 6h after disease onset with a verified ischemic stroke (7-9 points on the ASPECT scale) were enrolled in the study. Thirty patients in the study group received submaximal doses of mexidol: 750 mg infusion dropwise in 250 ml of 0...
2018: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559476/age-dependent-cellular-and-behavioral-deficits-induced-by-molecularly-targeted-drugs-are-reversible
#12
Joseph Scafidi, Jonathan Ritter, Brooke M Talbot, Jorge Edwards, Li-Jin Chew, Vittorio Gallo
Newly developed targeted anticancer drugs inhibit signaling pathways commonly altered in adult and pediatric cancers. However, as these pathways are also essential for normal brain development, concerns have emerged of neurologic sequelae resulting specifically from their application in pediatric cancers. The neural substrates and age dependency of these drug-induced effects in vivo are unknown, and their long-term behavioral consequences have not been characterized. This study defines the age-dependent cellular and behavioral effects of these drugs on normally developing brains and determines their reversibility with post-drug intervention...
March 20, 2018: Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559356/alpha-lipoic-acid-intoxicat%C3%A4-on-an-adult-case-report-and-l%C3%A4-terature-rev%C3%A4-ew
#13
Duygu Ferek Emir, Ibrahim Ulas Ozturan, Serkan Yilmaz
INTRODUCTION: Alpha lipoic acid (ALA) is a potent antioxidant used to treat a variety of disorders. Although ALA is considered a very safe supplement and intoxication is very rare, acute high-dose ingestions can cause mortality. In this report, we discuss a very rare case of ALA intoxication to increase awareness of this issue. CASE REPORT: A 22-year-old female was referred to our emergency department with ALA intoxication after ingesting a total of 18g of ALA with a suicidal intention...
March 13, 2018: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556256/spinal-muscular-atrophy-type-i-and-the-dual-role-of-viruses-an-interview-with-professor-basil-t-darras-professor-of-neurology-pediatrics-at-harvard-medical-school
#14
Ioannis N Mammas, Demetrios A Spandidos
According to Professor Basil T. Darras, Professor of Neurology (Pediatrics) at Harvard Medical School and Director of the Spinal Muscular Atrophy (SMA) Program at Boston Children's Hospital in Boston (MA, USA), the diagnosis of SMA type I is clinical and is based on detailed general physical and neurological examinations. SMA type I remains the most common genetic disease resulting in death in infancy and is really devastating for the child, the parents, as well as the medical professionals with the privilege of caring for patients with SMA and their parents...
April 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547488/jnpt-congratulates-members-honored-with-2018-academy-of-neurologic-physical-therapy-awards
#15
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Journal of Neurologic Physical Therapy: JNPT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547486/white-paper-movement-system-diagnoses-in-neurologic-physical-therapy
#16
Lois D Hedman, Lori Quinn, Kathleen Gill-Body, David A Brown, Myla Quiben, Nora Riley, Patricia L Scheets
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The APTA recently established a vision for physical therapists to transform society by optimizing movement to promote health and wellness, mitigate impairments, and prevent disability. An important element of this vision entails the integration of the movement system into the profession, and necessitates the development of movement system diagnoses by physical therapists. At this point in time, the profession as a whole has not agreed upon diagnostic classifications or guidelines to assist in developing movement system diagnoses that will consistently capture an individual's movement problems...
April 2018: Journal of Neurologic Physical Therapy: JNPT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547478/magnifying-the-momentum-white-paper-endorses-the-development-of-movement-system-diagnostic-classifications-in-neurologic-physical-therapy
#17
Edelle Edee Field-Fote
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Journal of Neurologic Physical Therapy: JNPT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29523642/psychiatric-comorbidity-is-associated-with-disability-progression-in-multiple-sclerosis
#18
Kyla A McKay, Helen Tremlett, John D Fisk, Tingting Zhang, Scott B Patten, Lorne Kastrukoff, Trudy Campbell, Ruth Ann Marrie
OBJECTIVE: Emerging evidence suggests that comorbidity may influence disability outcomes in multiple sclerosis (MS); we investigated the association between psychiatric comorbidity and MS disability progression in a large multiclinic population. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study accessed prospectively collected information from linked clinical and population-based health administrative databases in the Canadian provinces of British Columbia and Nova Scotia...
March 9, 2018: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29519473/noninvasive-brain-stimulation-of-the-parietal-lobe-for-improving-neurologic-neuropsychologic-and-neuropsychiatric-deficits
#19
Nadia Bolognini, Carlo Miniussi
Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) and transcranial electric stimulation (tES) are noninvasive brain stimulation (NIBS) tools that are now widely used in neuroscientific research in humans. The fact that both TMS and tES are able to modulate brain plasticity and, in turn, affect behavior is opening up new horizons in the treatment of brain circuit and plasticity disorders. In the present chapter, we will first provide the reader with a brief background on the basic principles of NIBS, describing the electromagnetic and physical foundations of TMS and tES, as well as the current knowledge of the neurophysiologic basis of their effects on brain activity and plasticity...
2018: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29499876/progress-in-the-treatment-of-friedreich-ataxia
#20
REVIEW
Geneieve Tai, Louise A Corben, Eppie M Yiu, Sarah C Milne, Martin B Delatycki
Friedreich ataxia (FRDA) is a progressive neurological disorder affecting approximately 1 in 29,000 individuals of European descent. At present, there is no approved pharmacological treatment for this condition however research into treatment of FRDA has advanced considerably over the last two decades since the genetic cause was identified. Current proposed treatment strategies include decreasing oxidative stress, increasing cellular frataxin, improving mitochondrial function as well as modulating frataxin controlled metabolic pathways...
February 19, 2018: Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska
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