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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731832/effects-of-cervical-high-velocity-low-amplitude-techniques-on-range-of-motion-strength-performance-and-cardiovascular-outcomes-a-review
#1
Xabier Galindez-Ibarbengoetxea, Igor Setuain, Lars L Andersen, Robinson Ramírez-Velez, Miriam González-Izal, Andoni Jauregi, Mikel Izquierdo
BACKGROUND: Cervical high-velocity low-amplitude (HVLA) manipulation technique is among the oldest and most frequently used chiropractic manual therapy, but the physiologic and biomechanics effects were not completely clear. OBJECTIVE: This review aims to describe the effects of cervical HVLA manipulation techniques on range of motion, strength, and cardiovascular performance. METHODS/DESIGN: A systematic search was conducted of the electronic databases from January 2000 to August 2016: PubMed (n = 131), ScienceDirect (n = 101), Scopus (n = 991), PEDro (n = 33), CINAHL (n = 884), and SciELO (n = 5)...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729900/unravelling-functional-neurology-a-scoping-review-of-theories-and-clinical-applications-in-a-context-of-chiropractic-manual-therapy
#2
REVIEW
Anne-Laure Meyer, Amanda Meyer, Sarah Etherington, Charlotte Leboeuf-Yde
BACKGROUND: Functional Neurology (FN), a seemingly attractive treatment approach used by some chiropractors, proposes to have an effect on a multitude of conditions but some of its concepts are controversial. OBJECTIVES AND DESIGN: A scoping review was performed to describe, in the context of chiropractic manual therapy, 1) the FN theories, and 2) its clinical applications (i.e. its indications, examination procedures, treatment modalities, treatment plans, and clinical outcomes) using four sources: i) one key textbook, ii) the scientific peer-reviewed literature, iii) websites from chiropractors using FN, and iv) semi-structured interviews of chiropractors using FN...
2017: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725347/comparison-of-treatment-outcomes-in-neck-pain-patients-depending-on-the-sex-of-the-chiropractor-a-prospective-outcome-study
#3
Janine Thöni, Cynthia K Peterson, B Kim Humphreys
BACKGROUND: The high percentage of female chiropractic students in Switzerland suggests a future sex shift in the chiropractic profession in Switzerland. Thus the purpose of this study is to determine if male and female chiropractors achieve the same treatment outcomes in neck pain patients. METHODS: Included in this prospective outcomes study were 849 patients with neck pain of any duration. Prior to the first treatment, baseline demographic data, the Bournemouth Questionnaire (BQ) and the numerical rating scale (NRS) for neck and arm pain were completed...
2017: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716365/functional-disability-in-patients-with-low-back-pain-the-mediator-role-of-suffering-and-beliefs-about-pain-control-in-patients-receiving-physical-and-chiropractic-treatment
#4
M Graça Pereira, Edite Roios, Marta Pereira
BACKGROUND: Low back pain is the leading cause of disability worldwide. There is evidence that depression, anxiety, and external locus of control are negative predictors of functional disability in low back patients. METHODS: This study focused on the mediator role of suffering and beliefs about pain control in the relationship between psychological morbidity and functional disability in patients receiving physical therapy and chiropractic treatment for chronic low back pain...
July 3, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690665/use-of-integrative-medicine-in-the-united-states-military-health-system
#5
REVIEW
Cathaleen Madsen, Megan Vaughan, Tracey Pérez Koehlmoos
Integrative medicine (IM) is a model of care which uses both conventional and nonconventional therapies in a "whole person" approach to achieve optimum mental, physical, emotional, spiritual, and environmental health, and is increasingly popular among patients and providers seeking to relieve chronic or multifactorial conditions. The US Department of Defense (DoD) shows particular interest in and usage of IM for managing chronic conditions including the signature "polytrauma triad" of chronic pain, traumatic brain injury (TBI), and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among its beneficiaries in the Military Health System (MHS)...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670442/managing-patients-with-acute-and-chronic-non-specific-neck-pain-are-danish-chiropractors-compliant-with-guidelines
#6
Simon Sidenius Brockhusen, André Bussières, Simon David French, Henrik Wulff Christensen, Tue Secher Jensen
BACKGROUND: Non-specific neck pain represents a quarter of all chiropractic patient visits in Denmark. Evidence informed practice can help ensure providers use best available treatment, speed up patient recovery rate and reduce healthcare utilization. It is generally believed that Danish chiropractors treat according to best practice, but we do not know if this is true for management of neck-pain. The objective of this study was to investigate how Danish chiropractors treat patients with acute and chronic non-specific neck pain and determine if management is compliant with recent Canadian guideline recommendations...
2017: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657811/description-of-the-case-mix-experienced-by-chiropractic-students-during-a-clinical-internship
#7
Aaron A Puhl, Christine J Reinhart, H Stephen Injeyan, Anthony Tibbles
OBJECTIVE: The primary objective of this study was to describe the case mix experienced by chiropractic students during their clinical internship at the Canadian Memorial Chiropractic College. Secondary objectives were to characterize teaching clinic patient populations, assess the similarity to previously published data for practicing chiropractors, and describe the treatment plans being recommended by interns. METHODS: A prospective, observational study was conducted using a convenience sample of 24 chiropractic interns...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Chiropractic Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645452/thrust-magnitudes-rates-and-3-dimensional-directions-delivered-in-simulated-lumbar-spine-high-velocity-low-amplitude-manipulation
#8
Edward F Owens, Ronald S Hosek, Linda Mullin, Lydia Dever, Stephanie G B Sullivan, Brent S Russell
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to measure faculty performance of simulated spinal manipulation on a mannequin to help identify teaching standards. METHODS: We measured 3-dimensional transmitted loads using a force plate mounted in the table. Thrusts were delivered through a compliant, jointed mannequin by faculty members along predefined "listings" as taught in lumbopelvic technique courses. RESULTS: Eleven chiropractic faculty members participated, delivering 9 thrusts at 3 loads (light, moderate, and heavy) along 9 different prone and side-posture listings, totaling 81 thrusts per participant...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645451/differences-in-outcomes-of-patients-treated-by-male-vs-female-chiropractors
#9
Malin B Muehlemann, Cynthia K Peterson, B Kim Humphreys
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare treatment outcomes of low back pain patients depending on the sex of the treating doctor of chiropractic (DC). METHODS: For this study, 1095 adult patients with no manual therapy in the prior 3 months were recruited. Pretreatment pain levels (Numeric Rating Scale for pain [NRS]), Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), and patient demographic details were recorded. The NRS and Patient Global Impression of Change were assessed after 1 week and 1, 3, 6, and 12 months...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645292/implementation-of-tobacco-cessation-brief-intervention-in-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-practice-qualitative-evaluation
#10
Emery R Eaves, Amy Howerter, Mark Nichter, Lysbeth Floden, Judith S Gordon, Cheryl Ritenbaugh, Myra L Muramoto
BACKGROUND: This article presents findings from qualitative interviews conducted as part of a research study that trained Acupuncture, Massage, and Chiropractic practitioners' in Arizona, US, to implement evidence-based tobacco cessation brief interventions (BI) in their routine practice. The qualitative phase of the overall study aimed to assess: the impact of tailored training in evidence-based tobacco cessation BI on complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) practitioners' knowledge and willingness to implement BIs in their routine practice; and their patients' responses to cessation intervention in CAM context...
June 23, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633884/differences-in-practice-characteristics-between-male-and-female-chiropractors-in-switzerland
#11
Regina Vollenweider, Cynthia K Peterson, B Kim Humphreys
OBJECTIVES: A total of 75% of the chiropractic medicine students in the new program at the University of Zürich are women, which is in stark contrast to the traditional ratio of chiropractors in Switzerland, where 75% have been men. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to compare work behaviors between female and male chiropractors relating to workload, patient variety, and chiropractic treatment techniques. METHODS: This is a secondary analysis of data from the Swiss Job Analysis 2009 study...
June 17, 2017: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628805/erratum-to-adverse-events-in-a-chiropractic-spinal-manipulative-therapy-single-blinded-placebo-randomized-controlled-trial-for-migraineurs-musculoskeletal-ther-and-pract-29c-2017-66-71
#12
Aleksander Chaibi, Jūratė Šaltytė Benth, Peter J Tuchin, Michael Bjørn Russell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 16, 2017: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619298/alternative-medicine-worker-health-and-absenteeism-in-the-united-states
#13
Kate Rybczynski
Health related absenteeism costs an estimated $153 billion annually in the United States (Witters and Agrawal, 2011).(1) Chronic conditions (major contributors to absenteeism) are often successfully managed by Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM). As CAM becomes an increasingly visible component of healthcare, firms may wish to consider whether CAM therapies can help reduce illness-related absenteeism. This paper aims to extend the literature on healthcare utilization and absenteeism by exploring whether CAM treatment is associated with fewer workdays missed due to illness...
June 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593041/the-biopsychosocial-model-and-chiropractic-a-commentary-with-recommendations-for-the-chiropractic-profession
#14
Jordan A Gliedt, Michael J Schneider, Marion W Evans, Jeff King, James E Eubanks
There is an increasing awareness, interest and acceptance of the biopsychosocial (BPS) model by all health care professionals involved with patient care. The areas of spine care and pain medicine are no exception, and in fact, these areas of health care are a major centerpiece of the movement from the traditional biomedical model to a BPS model of patient assessment and delivery of care. The chiropractic approach to health care has a history that is grounded in key aspects of the BPS model. The profession has inherently implemented certain features of the BPS model throughout its history, perhaps without a full understanding or realization...
2017: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559759/chiropractic-care-of-a-10-year-old-boy-with-nonorganic-gait-disorder-a-case-report
#15
David E Wasylynko
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this case report is to describe the multidisciplinary management of a boy with nonorganic gait disorder. CLINICAL FEATURES: A 10-year-old boy presented to a chiropractic clinic having had a concussion 1 week prior. He presented with lower limb muscle weakness and ataxia while weight bearing. He was referred immediately to the emergency department, from which he was sent to a neurologist at a children's hospital. The neurologist's diagnosis was nonorganic gait disorder...
June 2017: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559758/plasmacytoma-of-the-cervical-spine-a-case-study
#16
Richard Pashayan, Wesley M Cavanaugh, Chad D Warshel, David R Payne
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this case study is to describe the presentation of a patient with plasmacytoma. CLINICAL FEATURES: A 49-year-old man presented with progressive neck pain, stiffness, and dysphagia to a chiropractic office. A radiograph indicated a plasmacytoma at C3 vertebral body. The lesion was expansile and caused a mass effect anteriorly on the esophagus and posteriorly on the spinal cord. Neurologic compromise was noted with fasciculations and hypesthesia in the right forearm...
June 2017: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559755/multimodal-chiropractic-care-for-pain-and-disability-in-a-patient-diagnosed-with-ehlers-danlos-syndrome-hypermobility-type-a-case-report
#17
Richard G Strunk
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this article is to describe the clinical response to multimodal chiropractic treatment of a patient diagnosed with Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, hypermobility type (EDS-HT), and chronic pain. CLINICAL FEATURES: A 22-year-old woman presented with severe chronic neck and low back pain, headaches, and bilateral hand pain and stiffness. In addition to these pain complaints, the patient had a family history of EDS, weekly or daily recurring joint dislocations, and upper and lower extremity joint hypermobility...
June 2017: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559750/comparison-of-supine-and-prone-methods-of-leg-length-inequality-assessment
#18
Robert Cooperstein, Marc Lucente
OBJECTIVE: The primary objective of the current study was to determine the reliability between methods of supine and prone leg length inequality (LLI) assessment. The secondary objective was to determine if the degree of examiner confidence affected the degree of intermethod agreement. METHODS: Two experienced doctors of chiropractic assessed 43 participants for LLI, one using a prone and the other a supine method. They stated whether they were confident or not confident in their findings...
June 2017: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554433/systematic-review-of-nondrug-nonsurgical-treatment-of-shoulder-conditions
#19
REVIEW
Cheryl Hawk, Amy L Minkalis, Raheleh Khorsan, Clinton J Daniels, Dennis Homack, Jordan A Gliedt, Julie A Hartman, Shireesh Bhalerao
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this review was to evaluate the effectiveness of conservative nondrug, nonsurgical interventions, either alone or in combination, for conditions of the shoulder. METHODS: The review was conducted from March 2016 to November 2016 in accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA), and was registered with PROSPERO. Eligibility criteria included randomized controlled trials (RCTs), systematic reviews, or meta-analyses studying adult patients with a shoulder diagnosis...
June 2017: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554432/correlation-of-body-composition-and-low-back-pain-severity-in-a-cross-section-of-us-veterans
#20
Casey S Okamoto, Andrew S Dunn, Bart N Green, Lance R Formolo, David Chicoine
OBJECTIVE: Back pain is more prevalent in the obese, but whether back pain severity is directly correlated to obesity in veterans is unknown. We sought to determine if there was a correlation between body composition and low back pain severity in a sample of veterans. The hypothesis was that veterans with higher body mass index values would report higher low back pain severity scores. METHODS: This study was a retrospective chart review of 1768 veterans presenting to a Veterans Affairs chiropractic clinic with a chief complaint of low back pain between January 1, 2009 and December 31, 2014...
June 2017: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
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