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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161808/renal-outcome-of-congenital-anomalies-of-the-kidney-and-urinary-tract-system-a-singe-center-retrospective-study
#1
Rahime Renda
BACKGROUND: Congenital anomalies of the kidney and urinary tract (CAKUT) have been defined in 20 to 50% of all fetal anomalies. The aim of this study was to determine the demographic and clinical characteristics of such patients, as well as to describe the outcome and risk factors that affect the prognosis. METHODS: The analysis investigated retrospective data from 303 patients diagnosed with CAKUT between January 2015 and April 2017. Demographic data, clinical history, diagnosis, investigations, disease outcomes, and treatment procedures were evaluated...
November 21, 2017: Minerva Urologica e Nefrologica, the Italian Journal of Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161807/intravenous-dextran-70-infusion-has-protective-effects-on-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-of-kidney-an-experimental-study
#2
Atilla Semercioz, Mustafa Z Temiz, Ipek Erbarut, Ugur Izol, Serdar Aykan, Murat Tuken, Engin Kandirali
BACKGROUND: Renal ischemia-reperfusion (IR) leads to alterations of tubular epithelial cells, interstitial microvasculopathy and endothelial cell dysfunction in peritubular capillaries. Although dextrans have deteriorative effects on healthy kidney, their favorable effects on post-ischemic microvascular disturbances have been demonstrated. Therefore, we aimed to investigate in vivo effects of systemic Dextran 70 administration in kidney tissue with ischemia-reperfusion injury. METHODS: Twenty-one rats were allocated as sham, IR and IR+ Dextran 70 treatment groups...
November 21, 2017: Minerva Urologica e Nefrologica, the Italian Journal of Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161806/young-academic-urologist-benign-prostatic-obstruction-nomogram-predicts-clinical-outcome-in-patients-treated-with-transurethral-resection-of-prostate-an-italian-cohort-study
#3
Cosimo DE Nunzio, Riccardo Lombardo, Antonio Nacchia, Marianna Deroma, Hassan Alkhatatbeh, Aldo Brassetti, Andrea Tubaro
BACKROUND: Aim of our study was to test the Young Academic Urologist nomogram for the prediction of transurethral resection of prostate outcome in patients with lower urinary tract symptoms and benign prostatic enlargement. METHODS: Between April 2014 and March 2016, a consecutive series of patients with lower urinary tract symptoms undergoing trans-urethral resection of prostate in one center were enrolled. At baseline patients were assessed with international prostate symptom score, prostate specific antigen, prostate volume, transitional zone volume, maximal urinary flow rate and post void residual urine...
November 21, 2017: Minerva Urologica e Nefrologica, the Italian Journal of Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161805/robot-assisted-radical-cystectomy-with-totally-intracorporeal-urinary-diversion-initial-single-surgeon-s-experience-after-a-modified-modular-training
#4
Angelo Porreca, Francesco Chessa, Daniele Romagnoli, Antonio Salvaggio, Angelo Cafarelli, Marco Borghesi, Lorenzo Bianchi, Matteo Dandrea, Daniele D'Agostino, Donato Dente, Emanuele Cappa, Peter Wiklund, Eugenio Brunocilla, Riccardo Schiavina
BACKGROUND: To report the perioperative and early functional outcomes of patients undergoing Robot-assisted radical cystectomy (RARC) with totally intracorporeal urinary diversion performed by a single surgeon after a modified modular training. METHODS: The surgeon (A.P.) attained a 30-days modified modular training at a referring Centre mentored by a worldwide-recognized robotic surgeon (P.W.). The training program consisted of: a) e-learning based on 10 hours of theoretical lessons made by the mentor; b) video-session concerning the different steps of the procedure, c) step-by-step in vivo modular training...
November 21, 2017: Minerva Urologica e Nefrologica, the Italian Journal of Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161804/importance-of-biological-ultrafine-particles-in-indoor-dust-as-a-pathogenesis-of-chronic-inflammatory-lung-diseases
#5
Young-Koo Jee, Jinho Yang, Yoon-Keun Kim, You-Young Kim, Tae Soo Kang
The role of infectious agents in the etiology of inflammatory diseases once believed to be non-infectious is increasingly being recognized. Many bacterial components in the indoor dust can evoke inflammatory lung diseases. Bacteria secrete nanometer-sized vesicles into the extracellular milieu, so-called extracellular vesicles (EVs). which are pathophysiologically related to inflammatory diseases. Microbiota compositions in the indoor dust revealed the presence of both gram-negative and gram-positive bacteria...
November 17, 2017: Environmental Health and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161803/modeling-the-effects-of-pollutant-emissions-from-large-industrial-complexes-on-benzene-toluene-and-xylene-btx-concentrations-in-urban-areas
#6
Jin-Hee Bang, Inbo Oh, Soontae Kim, Seunghee You, Yangho Kim, Ho-Jang Kwon, Geun-Bae Kim
This study utilized the Community Multi-scale Air Quality (CMAQ) model to simulate the spatial distribution of benzene, toluene, and xylene (BTX) concentrations in Ulsan metropolitan region (UMR), where large national industrial complexes (IC) are located. Through controlling the pollutant emissions in major IC, this study has performed a quantitative analysis on the influence of pollutant emissions from the IC on the BTX concentrations in surrounding urban areas. The seasonal modeling results indicated that the average BTX concentrations were high around the petrochemical complexes, with higher concentrations in the surrounding urban areas during the summer...
November 20, 2017: Environmental Health and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161802/the-impact-of-surgical-timing-on-pathologic-tumor-response-after-short-course-and-long-course-preoperative-chemoradiation-for-locally-advanced-rectal-adenocarcinoma
#7
Sea-Won Lee, Jong Hoon Lee, In Kyu Lee, Seong Taek Oh, Dae Yong Kim, Tae Hyun Kim, Jae Hwan Oh, Ji Yeon Baek, Hee Jin Chang, Hee Chul Park, Hee Cheol Kim, Eui Kyu Chie, Taek-Keun Nam, Hong Seok Jang
Purpose: A pooled analysis of multi-institutional trials was performed to analyze the effect of surgical timing on tumor response by comparing short course concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) with long course CCRT followed by delayed surgery in locally advanced rectal cancer. Materials and Methods: Three hundred patients with cT3-4N0-2 rectal adenocarcinoma were included. Long course patients from KROG 14-12 (n=150) were matched 1:1 to 150 short course patients from KROG 10-01 (NCT01129700) and KROG 11-02 (NCT01431599) according to stage, age, and other risk factors...
November 21, 2017: Cancer Research and Treatment: Official Journal of Korean Cancer Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161801/impact-of-sarcopenia-on-long-term-mortality-and-cardiovascular-events-in-patients-undergoing-hemodialysis
#8
Jwa-Kyung Kim, Sung Gyun Kim, Ji-Eun Oh, Young-Ki Lee, Jung-Woo Noh, Hyung Jik Kim, Young Rim Song
Background/Aims: A high body mass index (BMI) is known to correlate with better survival in patients on hemodialysis (HD). However, the impacts of body composition and sarcopenia on survival have not been well studied in this population. Methods: One hundred and forty-two prevalent HD patients were recruited and followed prospectively for up to 4.5 years. Low muscle mass (measured using a portable, whole-body, bioimpedance spectroscopic device) was defined as a lean tissue index (LTI) two standard deviations (SD) or more below the normal gender-specific mean for young people...
November 23, 2017: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161800/present-status-and-perspectives-of-endosonography-2017-in-gastroenterology
#9
Michael Hocke, Barbara Braden, Christian Jenssen, Christoph F Dietrich
Endoscopic ultrasound has become an essential tool in modern gastroenterology and abdominal surgery. Compared with all other endoscopic methods, it has the most potential for innovation and its future looks bright. Thus, we compiled this summary of established and novel applications of endoscopic ultrasound methods to inform the reader about what is already possible and where future developments will lead in improving patient care further. This review is structured in four parts. The first section reports on developments in diagnostic endoscopic ultrasound, the second looks at semi-invasive endoscopic ultrasound, and the third discusses advances in therapeutic endoscopic ultrasound...
November 23, 2017: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161799/risk-of-miscarriage-following-amniocentesis-and-chorionic-villus-sampling-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#10
Jaroslaw Beta, Cristina Lesmes-Heredia, Chiara Bedetti, Ranjit Akolekar
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the risk of miscarriage after amniocentesis or chorionic villus sampling (CVS) based on a systematic review of the literature. METHODS: A search of MEDLINE, EMBASE, and The Cochrane Library (2000-2017) was carried out to identify studies reporting complications following CVS or amniocentesis. The inclusion criteria for the systematic review were studies reporting results from large controlled studies (n≥1,000 invasive procedures) and those reporting data for pregnancy loss prior to 24 weeks' gestation...
November 21, 2017: Minerva Ginecologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161798/intrapartum-care-quality-indicators-a-literature-review
#11
Elisa Lazzaretto, Antonella Nespoli, Simona Fumagalli, Elisabetta Colciago, Sofia Perego, Anna Locatelli
BACKGROUND: Quality of care is increasingly recognized as a critical aspect of the maternal and newborn health, mainly with respect to care around labour and delivery and in the immediate postnatal period. The Aim of this Review is to identify the recommended intrapartum care indicators in order to measure the quality of Midwifery care. METHODS: A structured literature search was conducted in August 2017 incorporating English and Italian language studies from 1993 and onwards to identify published articles on quality standards of intrapartum care...
November 21, 2017: Minerva Ginecologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161797/electromechanical-morcellators-black-box-warning-tribulations-expectations-and-solutions
#12
Papri Sarkar, Emad Mikhail, Lenox Hoyte, Shayne Plosker, Anthony Imudia
Laparoscopic minimally invasive gynecologic surgery (MIGS) for benign conditions results in decreased morbidity, and faster recovery, compared with laparotomy. Tissue fragmentation by electromechanical morcellation permits the removal of large specimens through small laparoscopic incisions. Since the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) published its safety warning about the risk of power morcellators spreading cancer during fibroid surgery in 2014, power morcellation has become rare. MIGS for fibroids and other large tissue specimens has declined...
November 21, 2017: Minerva Ginecologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161796/-small-bowel-perforation-caused-by-press-through-package
#13
Jung Seok Kim, Jae Myung Cha, Min Seob Kwak, Jin Young Yoon, Jung Won Jeon, Hyun Phil Shin, Kwang Ro Joo, Joung Il Lee, Hye Young Kim
With an increased use of the press-through package (PTP) tablet, there has also been an increase in mis-swallowing cases, especially in elderly patients. We report a rare case of PTP-induced small bowel perforation and fistula formation with adjacent small bowel in a healthy elderly patient, who experienced persistent abdominal pain of unknown cause. A 62-year-old healthy man was admitted to our hospital with left abdominal pain that started one month ago. Neither abdominal tenderness nor rebound tenderness was present on physical examination...
November 25, 2017: Korean Journal of Gastroenterology, Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161795/superior-mesenteric-artery-syndrome-combined-with-renal-nutcracker-syndrome-in-a-young-male-a-case-report
#14
Myung Jin Oh
Superior mesenteric artery (SMA) syndrome is one of the rare causes of small bowel obstruction. It develops following a marked decrease in the angle between SMA and the abdominal aorta due to weight loss, anatomical anomalies, or following surgeries. Nutcracker syndrome in the left renal vein may also occur following a decrease in the aortomesenteric angle. Though SMA syndrome and renal nutcracker syndrome share the same pathogenesis, concurrent development has rarely been reported. Herein, we report a 23-year-old healthy male diagnosed with SMA syndrome and renal nutcracker syndrome due to severe weight reduction...
November 25, 2017: Korean Journal of Gastroenterology, Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161794/feasibility-of-temporary-pancreatic-stenting-after-early-endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography-in-patients-with-acute-biliary-pancreatitis
#15
Jun Kyu Lee, Dong Kee Jang, Hyun Woo Kang, Sang Hyub Lee
Background/Aims: To assess the safety and effectiveness of temporary pancreatic stenting after early endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) in patients with acute biliary pancreatitis regardless of the severity or concomitant cholangitis. Methods: Temporary pancreatic stenting was performed in 79 patients with visualized pancreatic duct during ERCP. The outcomes of 64 patients with adequate pancreatic stenting (PS) and 15 patients with inadequate pancreatic stenting (no PS) were compared in this prospective, observational trial...
November 25, 2017: Korean Journal of Gastroenterology, Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161793/effect-of-rifaximin-on-hepatic-fibrosis-in-bile-duct-ligated-rat-model
#16
Seung Kak Shin, Oh Sang Kwon, Jong Joon Lee, Yeon Ho Park, Cheol Soo Choi, Sung Hwan Jeong, Duck Joo Choi, Yun Soo Kim, Ju Hyun Kim
Background/Aims: The translocation of bacteria and their lipopolysaccharides from the gut can promote fibrosis in cirrhotic patients. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of rifaximin on hepatic fibrosis in a bile duct-ligated rat model. Methods: The bile duct ligation (BDL) was carried out for eight days (acute injury model: sham-operated rats [G1], BDL rats [G2], and BDL rats treated with rifaximin [G3]) or 22 days (chronic injury model: sham-operated rats [G4], BDL rats [G5], and BDL rats treated with rifaximin [G6])...
November 25, 2017: Korean Journal of Gastroenterology, Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161792/-trend-in-the-eradication-rates-of-helicobacter-pylori-infection-over-the-last-10-years-in-west-gyeonggi-do-korea-a-single-center-experience
#17
Jong Seol Park, Ji Eun Park, Byoung Soo Oh, Byung Wook Yoon, Hyun Ki Kim, Jae Won Lee, Nam Ho Kim, Won Seok Cho, Young Sik Woo, Jaehoon Jahng, Yong Sung Kim
Background/Aims: The eradication rate of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) has been decreasing recently in Korea due to antibiotics resistance. The aim of this study was to investigate the trend of eradication rate and clinical factors affecting the eradication rate of H. pylori in the last 10 years in west Gyeonggi-do, Korea. Methods: The trends of eradication rate of H. pylori, gender, age, concomitant mediations, and clinical factors were retrospectively evaluated in patients with H...
November 25, 2017: Korean Journal of Gastroenterology, Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161791/development-of-metachronous-tumors-after-endoscopic-resection-for-gastric-neoplasm-according-to-the-baseline-tumor-grade-at-a-health-checkup-center
#18
Goh Eun Chung, Su Jin Chung, Jong In Yang, Eun Hyo Jin, Min Jung Park, Sang Gyun Kim, Joo Sung Kim
Background/Aims: Endoscopic resection (ER) procedure has been performed widely to treat gastric neoplasms. Here, we compared the long-term prognosis based on the clinical features of three types of recurred gastric neoplasms after ER, including low-grade dysplasia (LGD), high-grade dysplasia (HGD), and early gastric carcinoma (EGC). Methods: Between 2003 and 2014, subjects who were diagnosed with gastric neoplasm during screening endoscopy were included. The baseline clinicopathologic and tumor recurrence were analyzed...
November 25, 2017: Korean Journal of Gastroenterology, Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161790/-anticoagulation-in-patients-with-liver-cirrhosis
#19
REVIEW
Jae Youn Cheong
Cirrhotic patients have bleeding tendencies due to the lack of coagulation factors and thrombocytopenia. However, decreased levels of procoagulants are also accompanied by decreased levels of natural anticoagulants. However, there have been contrasting reports. It has been reported that patients with cirrhosis are at risk for thrombotic complications, including portal vein thrombosis and venous thromboembolism. Physicians consider active anticoagulation for prophylaxis and treatment of portal vein thrombosis and/or venous thromboembolism in cirrhotic patients with high risk of thrombosis...
November 25, 2017: Korean Journal of Gastroenterology, Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161789/current-status-of-thyroid-fine-needle-aspiration-practice-in-thailand
#20
REVIEW
Somboon Keelawat, Samreung Rangdaeng, Supinda Koonmee, Tikamporn Jitpasutham, Andrey Bychkov
Thyroid carcinoma is one of the leading malignancies in Thailand increasingly prevalent in the female population. Fine-needle aspiration (FNA) cytology is a widely used diagnostic tool for evaluation of thyroid nodules and thyroid cancer. Thyroid FNA is a routine procedure universally performed in Thai hospitals by a variety of clinical specialists. Manual guidance is the first-line choice complemented by ultrasound assistance in selected cases. Despite national guidelines recommendations, the diagnostic criteria and terminology of the Bethesda System for Reporting Thyroid Cytopathology (TBSRTC) was slowly adopted in the local settings...
November 2017: Journal of Pathology and Translational Medicine
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