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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149845/early-nutritional-programming-affects-liver-transcriptome-in-diploid-and-triploid-atlantic-salmon-salmo-salar
#1
L M Vera, C Metochis, J F Taylor, M Clarkson, K H Skjærven, H Migaud, D R Tocher
BACKGROUND: To ensure sustainability of aquaculture, plant-based ingredients are being used in feeds to replace marine-derived products. However, plants contain secondary metabolites which can affect food intake and nutrient utilisation of fish. The application of nutritional stimuli during early development can induce long-term changes in animal physiology. Recently, we successfully used this approach to improve the utilisation of plant-based diets in diploid and triploid Atlantic salmon...
November 17, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147762/phenotypic-effects-and-inhibition-of-botrydial-biosynthesis-induced-by-different-plant-based-elicitors-in-botrytis-cinerea
#2
Eva Liñeiro, Antonio J Macias-Sánchez, Marisa Espinazo, Jesús M Cantoral, Javier Moraga, Isidro G Collado, Francisco J Fernández-Acero
Botrytis cinerea is considered a model organism for the study of plant-pathogen interaction showing great genetic diversity and a high degree of morphological variability depending on environmental conditions. The use of new compounds and plant-based elicitors may trigger the expression of different B. cinerea genes, providing new sources of virulence factors. This work is focused on elucidating the phenotypic effect in B. cinerea of different carbon sources such as glucose, cellulose and tomato cell walls (TCW)...
November 17, 2017: Current Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145855/generation-of-a-platform-strain-for-ionic-liquid-tolerance-using-adaptive-laboratory-evolution
#3
Elsayed T Mohamed, Shizeng Wang, Rebecca M Lennen, Markus J Herrgård, Blake A Simmons, Steven W Singer, Adam M Feist
BACKGROUND: There is a need to replace petroleum-derived with sustainable feedstocks for chemical production. Certain biomass feedstocks can meet this need as abundant, diverse, and renewable resources. Specific ionic liquids (ILs) can play a role in this process as promising candidates for chemical pretreatment and deconstruction of plant-based biomass feedstocks as they efficiently release carbohydrates which can be fermented. However, the most efficient pretreatment ILs are highly toxic to biological systems, such as microbial fermentations, and hinder subsequent bioprocessing of fermentative sugars obtained from IL-treated biomass...
November 16, 2017: Microbial Cell Factories
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138203/does-the-impact-of-a-plant-based-diet-during-pregnancy-on-birth-weight-differ-by-ethnicity-a-dietary-pattern-analysis-from-a-prospective-canadian-birth-cohort-alliance
#4
Michael A Zulyniak, Russell J de Souza, Mateen Shaikh, Dipika Desai, Diana L Lefebvre, Milan Gupta, Julie Wilson, Gita Wahi, Padmaja Subbarao, Allan B Becker, Piush Mandhane, Stuart E Turvey, Joseph Beyene, Stephanie Atkinson, Katherine M Morrison, Sarah McDonald, Koon K Teo, Malcolm R Sears, Sonia S Anand
OBJECTIVE: Birth weight is an indicator of newborn health and a strong predictor of health outcomes in later life. Significant variation in diet during pregnancy between ethnic groups in high-income countries provides an ideal opportunity to investigate the influence of maternal diet on birth weight. SETTING: Four multiethnic birth cohorts based in Canada (the NutriGen Alliance). PARTICIPANTS: 3997 full-term mother-infant pairs of diverse ethnic groups who had principal component analysis-derived diet pattern scores-plant-based, Western and health-conscious-and birth weight data...
November 14, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136092/microrpm-a-microrna-prediction-model-based-only-on-plant-small-rna-sequencing-data
#5
Kuan-Chien Tseng, Yi-Fan Chiang-Hsieh, Hsuan Pai, Chi-Nga Chow, Shu-Chuan Lee, Han-Qin Zheng, Po-Li Kuo, Guan-Zhen Li, Yu-Cheng Hung, Na-Sheng Lin, Wen-Chi Chang
Motivation: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are endogenous non-coding small RNAs (of about 22 nucleotides), which play an important role in the post-transcriptional regulation of gene expression via either mRNA cleavage or translation inhibition. Several machine learning-based approaches have been developed to identify novel miRNAs from next generation sequencing (NGS) data. Typically, precursor/genomic sequences are required as references for most methods. However, the non-availability of genomic sequences is often a limitation in miRNA discovery in non-model plants...
November 9, 2017: Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134858/ancel-benjamin-keys-1904-2004-his-early-works-and-the-legacy-of-the-modern-mediterranean-diet
#6
Basil H Aboul-Enein, William C Puddy, Joshua Bernstein
Culturally congruent dietary patterns have evolved with geographic and societal traditions and can be traced as far back as pre-Hellenistic Greece. Today, the modern Mediterranean diet (MDiet) is recognized internationally as an anti-obesogenic cardioprotective dietary model consisting of plant-based foods native to the Mediterranean basin, fish, olive oil, and an active lifestyle. With the assumption that obesity and heart disease rates adversely affected life expectancy, the MDiet was identified by Dr Ancel Keys as a primary characteristic among people-groups largely immune to these trends...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Medical Biography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134522/capacity-of-six-shrub-species-to-retain-atmospheric-particulates-with-different-diameters
#7
Xiaodan Sun, Haimei Li, Xiao Guo, Yingkun Sun, Shimei Li
Garden plants can absorb and retain atmospheric particles and are important for remediating environmental pollution. In this study, the dust retention characteristics of six typical shrub species were measured in the greenbelt of a road in the Chengyang District of Qingdao, China, and the maximum capacity for dust retention of each species was determined. The different diameters and areas occupied by particulate matter (PM) were analyzed on the leaf surfaces of the plants. Based on the results for the six shrub species, the rank order of average content of dust retention per unit leaf area was Euonymus japonicus > Pyracantha fortuneana > Ligustrum vicaryi > Amygdalus triloba > Ligustrum sinense > Forsythia suspensa, whereas the rank order of average content per unit volume was E...
November 13, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131307/breastfeeding-weaning-and-dietary-practices-during-the-western-zhou-dynasty-1122-771-bc-at-boyangcheng-anhui-province-china
#8
Yang Xia, Jinglei Zhang, Fei Yu, Hui Zhang, Tingting Wang, Yaowu Hu, Benjamin T Fuller
OBJECTIVES: Here we investigate breastfeeding and weaning practices and adult dietary habits at the Western Zhou Dynasty (1122-771 BC) site of Boyangcheng () located in Anhui Province, China. In addition, we utilize the differences in bone collagen turnover rates between rib and long bones from the same individual to examine past life histories, such as changes in diet or residence. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Bone collagen from both the rib and long bones (either femora or humeri) of 42 individuals was measured for stable isotope ratios of carbon (δ(13) C) and nitrogen (δ(15) N)...
November 13, 2017: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130721/the-nutritional-limitations-of-plant-based-beverages-in-infancy-and-childhood
#9
Isidro Vitoria
Breastfeeding, infant formula and cow's milk are basic foods in infant nutrition. However, they are being increasingly replaced either totally or partially by plant-based beverages.The composition of 164 plant-based beverages available in Spain was reviewed based on the nutritional labeling of the package and the manufacturers' webpages. This was compared to the composition of cow's milk and infant formula. In addition, the nutritional disease associated with consumption of plant-based beverages in infants and children was reviewed by means of a literature search in Medline and Embase since 1990 based on the key words "plant-based beverages" or "rice beverages" or "almond beverages" or "soy beverages" and "infant" or "child"...
October 24, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128800/beneficial-roles-of-honey-polyphenols-against-some-human-degenerative-diseases-a-review
#10
REVIEW
Md Sakib Hossen, Md Yousuf Ali, M H A Jahurul, Mohamed M Abdel-Daim, Siew Hua Gan, Md Ibrahim Khalil
Honey contains many active constituents and antioxidants such as polyphenols. Polyphenols are phytochemicals, a generic term for the several thousand plant-based molecules with antioxidant properties. Many in vitro studies in human cell cultures as well as many animal studies confirm the protective effect of polyphenols on a number of diseases such as cardiovascular diseases (CVD), diabetes, cancer, neurodegenerative diseases, pulmonary diseases, liver diseases and so on. Nevertheless, it is challenging to identify the specific biological mechanism underlying individual polyphenols and to determine how polyphenols impact human health...
July 4, 2017: Pharmacological Reports: PR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126800/nanoencapsulated-illicium-verum-hook-f-essential-oil-as-an-effective-novel-plant-based-preservative-against-aflatoxin-b1-production-and-free-radical-generation
#11
Abhishek Kumar Dwivedy, Vipin Kumar Singh, Bhanu Prakash, Nawal Kishore Dubey
The study reports efficacy of Illicium verum essential oil (IvEO) against food borne moudls and its nanoencapsulation for enhancing antifungal and antiaflatoxigenic potency. Chemical characterization of the IvEO showed anethole (89.12%) as major compound followed by estragole (4.859%). The IvEO showed broad fungitoxic spectrum against common food borne moulds. It's minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimum aflatoxin B1 inhibitory concentration (MAIC) against aflatoxigenic strain Aspergillus flavus LHP-PV-1 were 0...
November 8, 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123512/alternative-growth-promoters-modulate-broiler-gut-microbiome-and-enhance-body-weight-gain
#12
Serajus Salaheen, Seon-Woo Kim, Bradd J Haley, Jo Ann S Van Kessel, Debabrata Biswas
Antibiotic growth promoters (AGPs) are frequently used to enhance weight-gain in poultry production. However, there has been increasing concern over the impact of AGP on the emergence of antibiotic resistance in zoonotic bacterial pathogens in the microbial community of the poultry gut. In this study, we adopted mass-spectrophotometric, phylogenetic, and shotgun-metagenomic approaches to evaluate bioactive phenolic extracts (BPE) from blueberry (Vaccinium corymbosum) and blackberry (Rubus fruticosus) pomaces as AGP alternatives in broilers...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122259/diet-and-lifestyle-intervention-on-chronic-moderate-to-severe-depression-and-anxiety-and-other-chronic-conditions
#13
Gary Null, Luanne Pennesi
This group study explored how an intervention of diet, lifestyle and behavior modification, including a plant-based diet, daily exercise and mindfulness techniques, would affect 500 adult men and women participants diagnosed with chronic moderate to severe depression and anxiety and other conditions during a 12 week period. An analysis of the health outcomes detailed in self-reported diary entries was carried out at the conclusion of the 12 week period. These reports noted improvements in depression, anxiety and all other conditions addressed by the study, with the majority of participants reporting substantial benefits...
November 2017: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121575/niche-modelling-of-marsh-plants-based-on-occurrence-and-abundance-data
#14
Yanjing Lou, Chuanyu Gao, Yanwen Pan, Zhenshan Xue, Ying Liu, Zhanhui Tang, Ming Jiang, Xianguo Lu, Håkan Rydin
The information of species' response (optimum or critical limits along environmental gradients) is a key to understanding ecological questions and to design management plans. A large number of plots (762) from 70 transects of 13 wetland sites in Northeast China were sampled along flooding gradient from marsh to wet meadow. Species response (abundance and occurrence) to flooding were modelled with Generalized Additive Models for 21 dominant plant species. We found that 20 of 21 species showed a significant response to flooding for the occurrence and abundance models, and four types of response were found: monotonically increasing, monotonically decreasing, skewed unimodal and symmetric unimodal...
November 6, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113871/oxidative-stress-and-dietary-phytochemicals-role-in-cancer-chemoprevention-and-treatment
#15
Shireen Chikara, Lokesh Dalasanur Nagaprashantha, Jyotsana Singhal, David Horne, Sanjay Awasthi, Sharad S Singhal
Several epidemiological observations have shown an inverse relation between consumption of plant-based foods, rich in phytochemicals, and incidence of cancer. Phytochemicals, secondary plant metabolites, via their antioxidant property play a key role in cancer chemoprevention by suppressing oxidative stress-induced DNA damage. In addition, they modulate several oxidative stress-mediated signaling pathways through their anti-oxidant effects, and ultimately protect cells from undergoing molecular changes that trigger carcinogenesis...
November 4, 2017: Cancer Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111472/assessment-of-8-hydroxy-2-deoxyguanosine-activity-gene-expression-and-antioxidant-enzyme-activity-on-rainbow-trout-oncorhynchus-mykiss-tissues-exposed-to-biopesticide
#16
Gonca Alak, Arzu Ucar, Veysel Parlak, Aslı Çilingir Yeltekin, Ismail Hakkı Taş, Doğukan Ölmez, Esat Mahmut Kocaman, Mustafa Yılgın, Muhammed Atamanalp, Telat Yanık
The goal of this study was to determinate toxicity mechanism of biopesticide with antioxidant enzymes parameters such as superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GPx) and catalase (CAT) and malondialdehyde (MDA) levels, oxidative DNA damage (8-hydroxy-2-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG)), transcriptional changes of heat shock protein 70 (HSP70), and cytochromes P4501A (CYP1A), sod, cat, and gpx in liver and gill tissues of Oncorhynchus mykiss. For this aim, plant-based (natural pesticides, azadirachtin (AZA)) and synthetic pesticides (deltamethrin (DLM)) were exposed on the fish at different concentrations (0...
December 2017: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Toxicology & Pharmacology: CBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110555/oxidative-stress-or-redox-signalling-new-insights-into-the-effects-of-a-proprietary-multifunctional-botanical-dietary-supplement
#17
Boris V Nemzer, Christoph Centner, Denise Zdzieblik, Bruno Fink, John M Hunter, Daniel König
Recent interest has focused on maintenance of healthy levels of redox signalling and the related oxidants; these parameters are crucial for providing us with concrete nutritional targets that may help us to better understand and maintain "optimal health". Following the above hypothesis, we performed a pilot double-blind, crossover, placebo-controlled, single dose study to measure the dose-dependent effects of a proprietary plant-based dietary supplement labelled here as S7 (SPECTRA7), related to how it affected the cellular metabolic index (CMI) in healthy human participants (n = 8)...
November 7, 2017: Free Radical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108848/pharmacokinetics-pharmacodynamics-and-safety-profiling-of-is01957-a-preclinical-candidate-possessing-dual-activity-against-inflammation-and-nociception
#18
Anjna Sharma, Asmita Magotra, Ashish Dogra, Santosh Kumar Rath, Sheikh Rayees, Priya Wazir, Sadhana Sharma, Payare Lal Sangwan, Surjeet Singh, Gurdarshan Singh, Utpal Nandi
In spite of unprecedented advances in modern systems of medicine, there is necessity for exploration of traditional plant based secondary metabolites or their semisynthetic derivatives which may results in better therapeutic activity, low toxicity and favourable pharmacokinetics. In this context, computational model based predictions aid medicinal chemists in rational development of new chemical entity having unfavourable pharmacokinetic properties which is a major hurdle for its further development as a drug molecule...
November 3, 2017: Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology: RTP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107206/efficient-antibacterial-nanosponges-based-on-zno-nanoparticles-and-doxycycline
#19
Diego F Suárez, Ana P F Monteiro, Daniele C Ferreira, Frederico D Brandão, Klaus Krambrock, Luzia V Modolo, Maria E Cortés, Rubén D Sinisterra
Bacterial soft rot is responsible for the loss of about 25% of worldwide production in vegetables and fruits. Efforts have been made to develop an effective nanosponge with the capacity to load and release antibacterial drugs to protect plants. Based on the potential of the ZnO nanoparticles (ZnO-NPs) to achieve this goal, this study synthesized NP via the sol-gel and hydrothermal methods by controlling native defects, such as oxygen vacancies, using thermal treatments and reduced atmospheres. To characterize the ZnO NPs, X-ray diffraction (XRD), Raman spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), optical spectroscopy, electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR), Zeta Potential measurements and surface area with the Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) method were used...
October 18, 2017: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106782/expression-and-assembly-of-largest-foreign-protein-in-chloroplasts-oral-delivery-of-human-fviii-made-in-lettuce-chloroplasts-robustly-suppresses-inhibitor-formation-in-hemophilia-a-mice
#20
Kwang-Chul Kwon, Alexandra Sherman, Wan-Jung Chang, Aditya Kamesh, Moanaro Biswas, Roland W Herzog, Henry Daniell
Inhibitor formation is a serious complication of factor VIII (FVIII) replacement therapy for the X-linked bleeding disorder hemophilia A and occurs in 20-30% of patients. No prophylactic tolerance protocol currently exists. Although we reported oral tolerance induction using FVIII domains expressed in tobacco chloroplasts, significant challenges in clinical advancement include expression of the full-length CTB-FVIII sequence to cover the entire patient population, regardless of individual CD4(+) T cell epitope responses...
November 6, 2017: Plant Biotechnology Journal
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