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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549098/high-protein-foods-and-physical-activity-protect-against-age-related-muscle-loss-and-functional-decline
#1
M Loring Bradlee, Jabed Mustafa, Martha R Singer, Lynn L Moore
Background: Some clinical trials suggest that protein supplementation enhances the effects of resistance exercise on skeletal muscle mass (SMM); fewer studies examine the effects of diets rich in protein-source foods on SMM and functional status among community-dwelling adults. Methods: Data from the Framingham Offspring study including diet (three-day records, exams 3 and 5), physical activity (exams 2 and 4), percent SMM (%SMM) (exams 6 and 7), and functional performance (exams 5 through 8) were used to evaluate independent and combined effects of physical activity and high-protein foods on adjusted mean %SMM (using analysis of covariance) and risk of functional decline (using Cox proportional hazard's models)...
May 25, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545906/optimizing-diet-and-nutrition-for-cancer-survivors-a-review
#2
REVIEW
Niki Mourouti, Demosthenes B Panagiotakos, Elias A Kotteas, Konstantinos N Syrigos
The number of cancer survivors is increasing and they are often highly motivated to search for information about nutrition and about physical activity in order to try to improve their treatment outcomes, quality of life and overall survival. In the light of these concerns, the World Cancer Research Fund (WCRF)/American Institute for Cancer Research (AICR) as well as the American Cancer Society recommend a largely plant-based diet with limited consumption of red and processed meat, and limited consumption of alcohol, as well as the maintenance of a healthy weight throughout life and regular engagement in physical activity...
May 19, 2017: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544449/metagenomic-based-impact-study-of-transgenic-grapevine-rootstock-on-its-associated-virome-and-soil-bacteriome
#3
Jean-Michel Hily, Sandrine Demanèche, Nils Poulicard, Mélanie Tannières, Samia Djennane, Monique Beuve, Emmanuelle Vigne, Gérard Demangeat, Véronique Komar, Claude Gertz, Aurélie Marmonier, Caroline Hemmer, Sophie Vigneron, Armelle Marais, Thierry Candresse, Pascal Simonet, Olivier Lemaire
For some crops, the only possible approach to gain a specific trait requires genome modification. The development of virus-resistant transgenic plants based on the pathogen-derived resistance strategy has been a success story for over three decades. However, potential risks associated with the technology, such as horizontal gene transfer (HGT) of any part of the transgene to an existing gene pool, have been raised. Here, we report no evidence of any undesirable impacts of genetically modified (GM) grapevine rootstock on its biotic environment...
May 25, 2017: Plant Biotechnology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537331/diet-modeling-in-older-americans-the-impact-of-increasing-plant-based-foods-or-dairy-products-on-protein-intake
#4
J A Houchins, C J Cifelli, E Demmer, V L Fulgoni Iii
OBJECTIVES: To determine the effects of increasing plant-based foods or dairy products on protein intake in older Americans by performing diet modeling. DESIGN: Data from What We Eat in America (WWEIA), the dietary component of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), 2007-2010 for Americans aged 51 years and older (n=5,389), divided as 51-70 years (n=3,513) and 71 years and older (n=1,876) were used. MEASUREMENTS: Usual protein intake was compared among three dietary models that increased intakes by 100%: (1) plant-based foods; (2) higher protein plant-based foods (i...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534401/physical-and-oxidative-stability-of-flaxseed-oil-in-water-emulsions-fabricated-from-sunflower-lecithins-impact-of-blending-lecithins-with-different-phospholipid-profiles
#5
Li Liang, Fang Chen, Xing-Guo Wang, Qingzhe Jin, Eric A Decker, David Julian McClements
There is great interest in the formulation of plant-based foods enriched with nutrients that promote health, such as polyunsaturated fatty acids. This study evaluated the impact of sunflower phospholipid type on the formation and stability of flaxseed oil-in-water emulsions. Two sunflower lecithins (Sunlipon 50 and 90) with different phosphatidylcholine (PC) levels (59 and 90%, respectively) were used in varying ratios to form emulsions. Emulsion droplet size, charge, appearance, microstructure, and oxidation were measured during storage at 55 C in the dark...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533962/dietary-flavonoids-of-spanish-youth-intakes-sources-and-association-with-the-mediterranean-diet
#6
Rowaedh Ahmed Bawaked, Helmut Schröder, Lourdes Ribas Barba, Gabriela Cárdenas, Luis Peña-Quintana, Carmen Pérez Rodrigo, Montserrat Fíto, Lluis Serra Majem
BACKGROUND: Plant-based diets have been linked to high diet quality and reduced risk of cardiovascular diseases. The health impact of plant-based diets might be partially explained by the concomitant intake of flavonoids. Estimation of flavonoids intake in adults has been important for the development of dietary recommendations and interventions for the prevention of weight gain and its consequences. However, estimation of flavonoids intake in children and adolescents is limited. METHODS: Average daily intake and sources of flavonoids were estimated for a representative national sample of 3,534 children and young people in Spain, aged 2-24 years...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532520/are-more-environmentally-sustainable-diets-with-less-meat-and-dairy-nutritionally-adequate
#7
S Marije Seves, Janneke Verkaik-Kloosterman, Sander Biesbroek, Elisabeth Hm Temme
OBJECTIVE: Our current food consumption patterns, and in particular our meat and dairy intakes, cause high environmental pressure. The present modelling study investigates the impact of diets with less or no meat and dairy foods on nutrient intakes and assesses nutritional adequacy by comparing these diets with dietary reference intakes. DESIGN: Environmental impact and nutrient intakes were assessed for the observed consumption pattern (reference) and two replacement scenarios...
May 23, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529502/effect-of-rocket-eruca-sativa-extract-on-mrsa-growth-and-proteome-metabolic-adjustments-in-plant-based-media
#8
Agapi I Doulgeraki, Georgios Efthimiou, Spiros Paramithiotis, Katherine M Pappas, Milton A Typas, George-John Nychas
The emergence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in food has provoked a great concern about the presence of MRSA in associated foodstuff. Although MRSA is often detected in various retailed meat products, it seems that food handlers are more strongly associated with this type of food contamination. Thus, it can be easily postulated that any food could be contaminated with this pathogen in an industrial environment or in household and cause food poisoning. To this direction, the effect of rocket (Eruca sativa) extract on MRSA growth and proteome was examined in the present study...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528940/macromolecular-agents-with-antimicrobial-potentialities-a-drive-to-combat-antimicrobial-resistance
#9
REVIEW
Muhammad Bilal, Tahir Rasheed, Hafiz M N Iqbal, Hongbo Hu, Wei Wang, Xuehong Zhang
In recent years, the antimicrobial resistance (AMR) or multidrug resistance (MDR) has become a serious health concern and major challenging issue, worldwide. After decades of negligence, the AMR has now captured global attention. The increasing number of antibiotic-resistant strains has threatened the achievements of science and medicine since it inactivates conventional antimicrobial therapeutics. Scientists are trying to respond to AMR/MDR threat by exploring innovative platforms and new therapeutic strategies to tackle infections from these resistant strains and bypass treatment limitations related to these pathologies...
May 18, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521274/detection-of-regulated-herbs-and-plants-in-plant-food-supplements-and-traditional-medicines-using-infrared-spectroscopy
#10
E Deconinck, C A Sokeng Djiogo, J L Bothy, P Courselle
The identification of a specific toxic or regulated plant in herbal preparations or plant food supplements is a real challenge, since they are often powdered, mixed with other herbal or synthetic powders and compressed into tablets or capsules. The classical identification approaches based on micro- and macroscopy are therefore not possible anymore. In this paper infrared spectroscopy, combined with attenuated total reflectance was evaluated for the screening of plant based preparations for nine specific plants (five regulated and four common plants for herbal supplements)...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513546/edible-plants-and-their-influence-on-the-gut-microbiome-and-acne
#11
REVIEW
Ashley K Clark, Kelly N Haas, Raja K Sivamani
Acne vulgaris affects most people at some point in their lives. Due to unclear etiology, likely with multiple factors, targeted and low-risk treatments have yet to be developed. In this review, we explore the multiple causes of acne and how plant-based foods and supplements can control these. The proposed causative factors include insulin resistance, sex hormone imbalances, inflammation and microbial dysbiosis. There is an emerging body of work on the human gut microbiome and how it mediates feedback between the foods we eat and our bodies...
May 17, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513167/quercetin-luteolin-phloretin-and-morin-are-dietary-flavonoid-inhibitors-of-monocarboxylate-transporter-6
#12
Robert Spencer Jones, Mark Parker, Marilyn Emily Morris
Monocarboxylate transporter 6 (MCT6; SLC16A5) has been recognized for its role as a xenobiotic transporter, with characterized substrates probenecid, bumetanide, and nateglinide. To date, the impact of commonly ingested dietary compounds on MCT6 function has not been investigated and therefore, the objective of this study was to evaluate a variety of flavonoids for their potential MCT6-specific interactions. Flavonoids are a large group of polyphenolic phytochemicals found in commonly consumed plant-based products that have been recognized for their dietary health benefits...
May 17, 2017: Molecular Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510251/short-term-effects-of-green-tea-chronotherapy-on-the-metabolic-homeostasis-of-mice-on-different-diets
#13
R P Amorim, I P Daher, F P D Arcangelo, M F Bellini, W A Orcini, G R Sarria, R L Peruquetti
Biological rhythms can be defined as changes in physiological or behavioral variables that repeat at certain time intervals. Rhythms that last approximately 24 h are referred to as circadian rhythms. Modern lifestyles have drastically affected human habits, as well as the population's eating habits. These changes have generated an epidemic of metabolic syndromes, such as obesity and diabetes. In an attempt to combat obesity, populations have attempted to use many different herbal remedies and plant-based drugs, the most common of which is Camellia sinensis, or green tea...
May 10, 2017: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509885/the-role-of-phytochemicals-in-the-inflammatory-phase-of-wound-healing
#14
REVIEW
Ahmed Shah, Saeid Amini-Nik
Historically, plant-based products have been the basis of medicine since before the advent of modern Western medicine. Wound dressings made of honey, curcumin and other phytochemical-rich compounds have been traditionally used. Recently, the mechanisms behind many of these traditional therapies have come to light. In this review, we show that in the context of wound healing, there is a global theme of anti-inflammatory and antioxidant phytochemicals in traditional medicine. Although promising, we discuss the limitations of using some of these phytochemicals in order to warrant more research, ideally in randomized clinical trial settings...
May 16, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504164/a-novel-water-based-process-produces-eco-friendly-bio-adhesive-made-from-green-cross-linked-soybean-soluble-polysaccharide-and-soy-protein
#15
Cheng Yuan, Mingsong Chen, Jing Luo, Xiaona Li, Qiang Gao, Jianzhang Li
In this study, an eco-friendly soy protein adhesive was developed that utilized two components from soybean meal without addition of any toxic material. A plant-based, water-soluble and inexpensive soybean soluble polysaccharide was used as the novel renewable material to combine with soy protein to produce a soy protein adhesive. Three-plywood was fabricated with the resulting adhesive, and its wet shear strength was measured. The results showed the wet shear strength of plywood bonded by the adhesive reached 0...
August 1, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503930/impact-of-a-plant-based-diet-and-support-on-mitigating-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-latinos-living-in-medically-underserved-areas
#16
Edelweiss Ramal, Andrea Champlin, Khaled Bahjri
PURPOSE: To determine the impact that a high-fiber, low-fat diet, derived from mostly plant-based sources, when coupled with support has upon self-management of type 2 diabetes mellitus in Latinos from medically underserved areas (MUAs). DESIGN: Experimental randomized controlled community pilot study. SETTING: Three community clinics in MUAs located within San Bernardino County, California. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty-two randomly assigned Latinos with A1C greater than 6...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501771/mechanisms-of-efficient-as-solubilization-in-soils-and-as-accumulation-by-as-hyperaccumulator-pteris-vittata
#17
REVIEW
Yong-He Han, Xue Liu, Bala Rathinasabapathi, Hong-Bo Li, Yanshan Chen, Lena Q Ma
Arsenic (As) in soils is of major environmental concern due to its ubiquity and carcinogenicity. Pteris vittata (Chinese brake fern) is the first known As-hyperaccumulator, which is highly efficient in extracting As from soils and translocating it to the fronds, making it possible to be used for phytoremediation of As-contaminated soils. In addition, P. vittata has served as a model plant to study As metabolisms in plants. Based on the recent advances, we reviewed the mechanisms of efficient As solubilization and transformation in rhizosphere soils of P...
May 11, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499771/the-key-role-of-the-meat-industry-in-transformation-to-a-low-carbon-climate-resilient-sustainable-economy
#18
Frank Rijsberman
Climate change, air pollution and refugees have become key global challenges threatening sustainability of lifestyles, economies and ecosystems. Agri-food systems are the number one driver of environmental change. Livestock production is the world's largest land user, responsible for half of greenhouse gas emissions from agri-food systems, and the source of repeated health crises. Poor diets have become the number one cause of ill health. Recommendations for a healthy diet emphasize plant-based food. Rapidly falling costs in information technology, biotechnology, renewable energy and battery technology will disrupt current energy and transportation systems and offer opportunities for responsible meat production...
April 26, 2017: Meat Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498878/the-malleable-gut-microbiome-of-juvenile-rainbow-trout-oncorhynchus-mykiss-diet-dependent-shifts-of-bacterial-community-structures
#19
Stéphanie Céline Michl, Jenni-Marie Ratten, Matt Beyer, Mario Hasler, Julie LaRoche, Carsten Schulz
Plant-derived protein sources are the most relevant substitutes for fishmeal in aquafeeds. Nevertheless, the effects of plant based diets on the intestinal microbiome especially of juvenile Rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) are yet to be fully investigated. The present study demonstrates, based on 16S rDNA bacterial community profiling, that the intestinal microbiome of juvenile Rainbow trout is strongly affected by dietary plant protein inclusion levels. After first feeding of juveniles with either 0%, 50% or 97% of total dietary protein content derived from plants, statistically significant differences of the bacterial gut community for the three diet-types were detected, both at phylum and order level...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497330/development-of-nanoemulsion-from-vitex-negundo-l-essential-oil-and-their-efficacy-of-antioxidant-antimicrobial-and-larvicidal-activities-aedes-aegypti-l
#20
Sundararajan Balasubramani, Thamaraiselvi Rajendhiran, Anil Kumar Moola, Ranjitha Kumari Bollipo Diana
It is believed that nanoemulsions were emerged as a promising candidate to improve the qualities of natural essential oil towards antimicrobial and insecticidal applications. In the present study, we have focused on the encapsulation of Vitex negundo L. leaf essential oil using Polysorbate80 for its different biological activities including antioxidant, bactericidal and larvicidal activity against dengue fever vector Aedes aegypti L. Initially, the nanoemulsion was prepared by low energy method and droplet size of the formulated nanoemulsion was characterized by using Dynamic Light Scattering analysis...
May 11, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
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