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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334718/-diet-and-nutrition-interventions-prevent-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#1
Z Y Yang
Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is one of the most common complications during pregnancy, with rising trend over the years. Dietary nutrient intake (protein, fat and fatty acids, carbohydrate, vitamin D, vitamin E, iron, zinc, selenium and inositol et al.), dietary pattern and probiotics may be related to GDM occurrence. Dietary factors are modifiable factors for preventing GDM. The study reviewed the roles of these dietary factors in preventing GDM. Results showed that plant-based dietary pattern may lower the risk of GDM and dietary pattern characterized with high animal protein, high fat and low carbohydrate may increase the risk of GDM...
January 6, 2018: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333392/enhancing-sensory-perception-of-plant-based-nutraceutical-drinks-by-combining-plants-from-different-sources-a-preliminary-study-of-tea-and-ginger-blend
#2
Solomon Akinremi Makanjuola, Victor Ndigwe Enujiugha
Tea-ginger drink was selected for evaluation due to its nutraceutical potential. Panelists rated preference for drinks prepared from tea, ginger, and tea+ginger powder for colour, taste, and aroma. The obtained data were evaluated using analysis of variance, principal component analysis, and agglomerative hierarchical clustering. Also the colour preference scores were evaluated against instrumental colour measurements. The ginger drink had lower rating for colour preference and the tea drink had lower ratings for aroma and taste preference...
December 2017: Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333046/development-and-validation-of-high-performance-thin-layer-chromatography-method-for-simultaneous-determination-of-polyphenolic-compounds-in-medicinal-plants
#3
C V Jayachandran Nair, Sayeed Ahamad, Washim Khan, Varisha Anjum, Rajani Mathur
Context: Quantitative standardization of plant-based products is challenging albeit essential to maintain their quality. Aims: This study aims to develop and validate high-performance thin-layer chromatography (HPTLC) method for the simultaneous determination of rutin (Ru), quercetin (Qu), and gallic acid (Ga) from Psidium guajava Linn. (PG) and Aegle marmelos (L.) Correa. (AM) and correlate with antioxidant activity. Materials and Methods: The stock solution (1 mg/mL) of standard Ru, Qu, and Ga in methanol: Water (1:1) was serially diluted and spotted (5 μL) on slica gel 60 F254 thin-layer chromatography plates...
December 2017: Pharmacognosy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333042/gas-chromatography-mass-spectrometry-profiling-in-methanolic-and-ethyl-acetate-root-and-stem-extract-of-corbichonia-decumbens-forssk-exell-from-thar-desert-of-rajasthan-india
#4
Sunita Arora, Manju Saini
Background: Corbichonia decumbens (Forssk.) Exell (Molluginaceae), recently has moved to Lophiocarpaceae as per angiospermic plant group (APG) III system, is an annual or short-lived, dwarf, glabrous subshrub, prefers to grow on rocky places and on sand-stones in dry, hot areas of Rajasthan. This is the potential plant with medicinal properties. Vegetative organs under study show antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antiulcer, antimicrobial, and antinociception activity. Objective: This study was carried out to identify the phytoconstituents present in the methanolic and ethyl-acetate extract of root and stem of C...
December 2017: Pharmacognosy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332583/eating-green-shining-light-on-the-use-of-dietary-phytochemicals-as-a-modern-approach-in-the-prevention-and-treatment-of-head-and-neck-cancers
#5
Linda L Eastham, Candace M Howard, Premalatha Balachandran, David S Pasco, Pier Paolo Claudio
Enthusiasm for the use of dietary bioactive compounds as chemopreventive agents and adjuvants for current therapies has increased laboratory research conducted on several types of cancers including Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma (HNSCC). The green chemoprevention movement is a modern approach to highlight healthy lifestyle changes that aim to decrease the incidence of HNSCC. A healthy diet can be an effective way to prevent the development of oral cancers. Discovery of the naturally occurring plant based compounds called phytochemicals has facilitated the development of new treatment strategies for patients that are at risk for, or have developed HNSCC...
January 12, 2018: Current Topics in Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324081/determination-of-endogenous-concentrations-of-nitrites-and-nitrates-in-different-types-of-cheese-in-the-united-states-method-development-and-validation-using-ion-chromatography
#6
Susan Genualdi, Nahyun Jeong, Lowri DeJager
Nitrites and nitrates can be present in dairy products from both endogenous and exogenous sources. In the European Union (EU), 150 mg kg-1 of nitrates are allowed to be added to the cheese milk during the manufacturing process. The CODEX General Standard for Food Additives (GSFA) has a maximum permitted level of 50 mg kg-1 residue in cheese, while in the United States (US) nitrates are un-approved for use as food additives in cheese. In order to be able to investigate imported cheeses for nitrates intentionally added as preservatives and the endogenous concentrations of nitrates and nitrites present in cheeses in the US marketplace, a method was developed and validated using ion chromatography with conductivity detection...
January 11, 2018: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321998/effectiveness-of-two-different-herbal-toothpaste-formulations-in-the-reduction-of-plaque-and-gingival-inflammation-in-patients-with-established-gingivitis-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Rajesh Hosadurga, Vinita Ashutosh Boloor, Sudharshan N Rao, N MeghRani
Background: Plant based toothpastes have received great attention in reducing gingival inflammation. Studies show contrasting results regarding the effectiveness of these toothpastes. In the present study, the effectiveness of two herbal tooth paste formulations in the reduction of plaque and gingival inflammation was assessed. Nicotine content in the toothpastes was assessed using GCMS. Material and methods: 50 patients with established gingivitis were included in the study...
January 2018: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320571/inhibitory-effect-and-possible-mechanism-of-a-pseudomonas-strain-qba5-against-gray-mold-on-tomato-leaves-and-fruits-caused-by-botrytis-cinerea
#8
Pan Gao, Jiaxing Qin, Delong Li, Shanyue Zhou
The fungal pathogen Botrytis cinerea causes gray mold disease on various hosts, which results in serious economic losses. Over the past several decades, many kinds of fungicides have been used to successfully control the disease. Meanwhile, the uses of fungicides lead to environmental pollution as well as a potential threat to the human health by the chemical residues in tomato fruit. Also, the gray mold disease is difficult to control with fungicides. Therefore, exploring alternative measures such as biological controls could be the best choice to control the disease and alleviate damages caused by fungicides...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320449/changing-trends-in-nutritional-behavior-among-university-students-in-greece-between-2006-and-2016
#9
Charikleia Kyrkou, Foteini Tsakoumaki, Maria Fotiou, Aristea Dimitropoulou, Maria Symeonidou, Georgios Menexes, Costas G Biliaderis, Alexandra-Maria Michaelidou
The objective of the present survey was to study the dietary behavior of university students residing away from the family home. In this context, we (a) compared their dietary habits in two time periods, namely 2006 and 2016; and (b) explored the possible impact of gender on the behavioral changes in nutritional choices. A total of four hundred and five university students (2006, n = 242; 2016, n = 163) participated in the study. Dietary assessment was carried out using a qualitative Food Frequency Questionnaire, while data about demographic and lifestyle factors were also collected...
January 10, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318842/-research-on-topographic-factors-of-ecology-suitability-regionalization-of-bupleuri-radix-in-hebei-province
#10
Ying Li, Qian Jiao, Tian-Tian Zhang, Ai-Peng Liu, Lu-Qi Huang, Guang Yang, Yu-Guang Zheng
To study the correlation between the content of saikosaponins ingredient of Bupleuri Radix and topographic factors, we researched the ecology suitability regionalization of topographic of Bupleuri Radix from Hebei province to provide a scientific basis for selecting artificial planting. Based on 43 samples of Bupleuri Radix from Hebei province, the variation of the content of saikosaponins in different conditions of topographic factors and the influence of slope, altitude and aspect were comprehensively analyzed by SPSS 21...
November 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309615/co-expression-of-a-cyclizing-asparaginyl-endopeptidase-enables-efficient-production-of-cyclic-peptides-in-planta
#11
Simon Poon, Karen S Harris, Mark A Jackson, Owen C McCorkelle, Edward K Gilding, Thomas Durek, Nicole L van der Weerden, David J Craik, Marilyn A Anderson
Cyclotides are ultra-stable, backbone-cyclized plant defence peptides that have attracted considerable interest in the pharmaceutical industry. This is due to their range of native bioactivities as well as their ability to stabilize other bioactive peptides within their framework. However, a hindrance to their widespread application is the lack of scalable, cost-effective production strategies. Plant-based production is an attractive, benign option since all biosynthetic steps are performed in planta. Nonetheless, cyclization in non-cyclotide-producing plants is poor...
December 22, 2017: Journal of Experimental Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306091/remediation-of-incomplete-nitrification-and-capacity-increase-of-biofilters-at-different-drinking-water-treatment-plants-through-copper-dosing
#12
Florian B Wagner, Peter Borch Nielsen, Rasmus Boe-Hansen, Hans-Jørgen Albrechtsen
Drinking water treatment plants based on groundwater may suffer from incomplete ammonium removal, which deteriorates drinking water quality and constrains water utilities in the operation of their plants. Ammonium is normally removed through nitrification in biological granular media filters, and recent studies have demonstrated that dosing of copper can stimulate the removal of ammonium. Here, we investigated if copper dosing could generically improve ammonium removal of biofilters, at treatment plants with different characteristics...
December 27, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300121/expression-of-antisense-long-noncoding-rnas-as-potential-regulators-in-rainbow-trout-with-different-tolerance-to-plant-based-diets
#13
Jason Abernathy, Ken Overturf
Reformulation of aquafeeds in salmonid diets to include more plant proteins is critical for sustainable aquaculture. However, increasing plant proteins can lead to stunted growth and enteritis. Toward an understanding of the regulatory mechanisms behind plant protein utilization, directional RNA sequencing of liver tissues from a rainbow trout strain selected for growth on an all plant-protein diet and a control strain, both fed a plant diet for 12 weeks, were utilized to construct long noncoding RNAs. Antisense long noncoding RNAs were selected for differential expression and functional analyses since they have been shown to have regulatory actions within a genome...
January 4, 2018: Animal Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297850/the-algal-chloroplast-as-a-synthetic-biology-platform-for-production-of-therapeutic-proteins
#14
Yuliya M Dyo, Saul Purton
The chloroplast of Chlamydomonas reinhardtii and other microalgae represents an attractive new platform for the synthesis of recombinant therapeutics using synthetic biology (synbio) approaches. Transgenes can be designed in silico, assembled from validated DNA parts and inserted at precise and predetermined locations within the chloroplast genome to give stable synthesis of a desired recombinant protein. Numerous recent examples of different therapeutic proteins produced successfully in the C. reinhardtii chloroplast highlight the potential of this green alga as a simple, low-cost and benign host...
January 3, 2018: Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297687/anthocyanin-management-in-fruits-by-fertilization
#15
Mareike Jezek, Christian Zörb, Nikolaus Merkt, Christoph-Martin Geilfus
Anthocyanins are water-soluble vacuolar plant pigments that are mainly synthesized in epidermal layers and the flesh of fruits such as apples, cherries, grapes, and other berries. Because of their attractive red to purple coloration and their health-promoting potential, anthocyanins are significant determinants for the quality and market value of fruits and fruit-derived products. In crops, anthocyanin accumulation in leaves can be caused by nutrient deficiency which is usually ascribed to insufficient nitrogen or phosphorous fertilization...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295568/development-of-antibody-therapeutics-against-flaviviruses
#16
REVIEW
Haiyan Sun, Qiang Chen, Huafang Lai
Recent outbreaks of Zika virus (ZIKV) highlight the urgent need to develop efficacious interventions against flaviviruses, many of which cause devastating epidemics around the world. Monoclonal antibodies (mAb) have been at the forefront of treatment for cancer and a wide array of other diseases due to their specificity and potency. While mammalian cell-produced mAbs have shown promise as therapeutic candidates against several flaviviruses, their eventual approval for human application still faces several challenges including their potential risk of predisposing treated patients to more severe secondary infection by a heterologous flavivirus through antibody-dependent enhancement (ADE)...
December 25, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286348/plant-based-beverages-as-good-sources-of-free-and-glycosidic-plant-sterols
#17
Anneleen I Decloedt, Anita Van Landschoot, Hellen Watson, Dana Vanderputten, Lynn Vanhaecke
To address the ever-growing group of health-conscious consumers, more and more nutritional and health claims are being used on food products. Nevertheless, only very few food constituents, including plant sterols, have been appointed an approved health claim (European Commission and Food and Drugs Administration). Plant sterols are part of those limited lists of approved compounds for their cholesterol-lowering properties but have been praised for their anti-inflammatory and anti-carcinogenic properties as well...
December 29, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282153/under-control-how-a-dietary-additive-can-restore-the-gut-microbiome-and-proteomic-profile-and-improve-disease-resilience-in-a-marine-teleostean-fish-fed-vegetable-diets
#18
María Carla Piazzon, Josep Alvar Calduch-Giner, Belén Fouz, Itziar Estensoro, Paula Simó-Mirabet, Mónica Puyalto, Vasileios Karalazos, Oswaldo Palenzuela, Ariadna Sitjà-Bobadilla, Jaume Pérez-Sánchez
BACKGROUND: The constant increase of aquaculture production and wealthy seafood consumption has forced the industry to explore alternative and more sustainable raw aquafeed materials, and plant ingredients have been used to replace marine feedstuffs in many farmed fish. The objective of the present study was to assess whether plant-based diets can induce changes in the intestinal mucus proteome, gut autochthonous microbiota and disease susceptibility of fish, and whether these changes could be reversed by the addition of sodium butyrate to the diets...
December 28, 2017: Microbiome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281501/estimation-of-cadmium-uptake-by-tobacco-plants-from-laboratory-leaching-tests
#19
Jelena P Marković, Mihajlo D Jović, Ivana D Smičiklas, Marija Z Šljivić-Ivanović, Slavko N Smiljanić, Antonije E Onjia, Aleksandar R Popović
The objective of the present study was to determine the impact of cadmium (Cd) concentration in the soil on its uptake by tobacco plants, and to compare the ability of diverse extraction procedures for determining Cd bioavailability and predicting soil-to-plant transfer and Cd plant concentrations. The pseudo-total digestion procedure, modified Tessier sequential extraction and six standard single-extraction tests for estimation of metal mobility and bioavailability were used for the leaching of Cd from a native soil, as well as samples artificially contaminated over a wide range of Cd concentrations...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part A, Toxic/hazardous Substances & Environmental Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277575/therapeutic-vaccines-for-high-risk-hpv-associated-diseases
#20
REVIEW
Aleyo Chabeda, Romana J R Yanez, Renate Lamprecht, Ann E Meyers, Edward P Rybicki, Inga I Hitzeroth
Cancer is the second leading cause of death worldwide, and it is estimated that Human papillomavirus (HPV) related cancers account for 5% of all human cancers. Current HPV vaccines are extremely effective at preventing infection and neoplastic disease; however, they are prophylactic and do not clear established infections. Therapeutic vaccines which trigger cell-mediated immune responses for the treatment of established infections and malignancies are therefore required. The E6 and E7 early genes are ideal targets for vaccine therapy due to their role in disruption of the cell cycle and their constitutive expression in premalignant and malignant tissues...
December 19, 2017: Papillomavirus Research
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