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Tonsillar lymphoma

Corneliu Toader, MioriŢa Toader, Alina Stoica, Gabriel Pop, Alina Oprea, Anca Simona Constantin, Liviu Niculescu, Iolanda Cristina Vivisenco, Mircea Stelian Drăghici, Andrei Osman, Carmen Aurelia Mogoantă
The commonest cause of head and neck malignancy in pediatric patients is lymphoma. A particular case is the tonsillar lymphoma. Even though unilateral tonsillar enlargement represents an ominous sign for neoplasia, clinical manifestations vary and are non-specific. Therefore, a delayed diagnosis is performed which compromises optimal therapy and hinders the prognosis. We present the case of a 5-year-old boy who was initially diagnosed with obstructive sleep apnea, without reported systemic complaints. Asymmetric tonsillar hypertrophy created the premises for performing a tonsillectomy to rule out malignancy...
2016: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
Katrin A Salva, Margo J Reeder, Rita Lloyd, Gary S Wood
Prolonged survival of lesional T cells plays a central role in the pathogenesis of T-cell-mediated dermatoses. We have recently shown that the ubiquitin ligase c-CBL is highly expressed in cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL) and that its knockdown increases activation-induced cell death, a key pathway for T-cell apoptosis. Here, we extend our work on c-CBL expression in malignant T cells to their nonneoplastic counterparts in benign inflammatory dermatoses. Immunohistochemical staining with anti-c-CBL antibody was performed on lesional biopsies from a total of 65 patients with atopic dermatitis, allergic contact dermatitis, pityriasis rosea, psoriasis vulgaris, lichen planus, mycosis fungoides (MF)/Sézary syndrome (SS) as well as on tonsil tissue from 5 individuals and on 5 human CTCL cell lines...
October 31, 2016: American Journal of Dermatopathology
Rajan Duggal, Alka Rana, Ashok Vaid, Nitin Sood, Kumud Kumar Handa
Tonsillar lymphoma usually presents as unilateral or bilateral enlargement or as an ulcerative or fungating lesions. Most lymphomas that involve the tonsils are diffuse large B-cell lymphomas and primary low grade lymphomas are exceptional. We report a case of primary B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia/small lymphocytic lymphoma (CLL/SLL) affecting tonsils with interfollicular pattern of infiltration in a 54-year-old female who clinically presented with bilateral tonsillar enlargement, sore throat, dysphagia and respiratory difficulty, unresponsive to the conservative treatment...
June 2016: Indian Journal of Hematology & Blood Transfusion
Chang Ho Hwang
Phenytoin induces lymphoid proliferation, resulting in complications that can range from tissue hyperplasia to lymphoma. Some of the complications resolve spontaneously after drug discontinuation. This report describes for the first time a case of dysphagia with lack of velopharyngeal coordination and nasopharyngeal reflux combined with massive palatine tonsillar hypertrophy. The condition did not develop before phenytoin administration, was induced by phenytoin, and spontaneously resolved upon drug discontinuation...
July 6, 2016: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
I M Gordiienko, L M Shlapatska, L M Kovalevska, S P Sidorenko
UNLABELLED: Within B-cell lineage cell surface receptor CD150/SLAMF1 is broadly expressed starting from pre-B cells with upregulation toward plasma cells. However, expression of CD150 is rather limited on the surface of malignant B cells with the block of differentiation at the different stages of maturation. The aim of our work was to explore CD150 expression both on protein and mRNA levels with the emphasis on CD150 isoforms in malignant B-cell lines at the different stages of maturation in comparison with their normal B cell counterparts...
June 2016: Experimental Oncology
Evan C Ewers, Robert L Sheffler, James Wang, Viseth Ngauy
Immunoproliferative small intestinal disease (IPSID) is an extra-nodal B-cell lymphoma most commonly described in the Mediterranean, Africa, and Asia. It is associated with poverty and poor sanitation, and is rarely encountered in developed countries. A 26-year-old previously healthy, Marshallese male was transferred to our facility with a 6-month history of watery diarrhea, weakness, and cachexia refractory to multiple short courses of oral antibiotics. Stool cultures grew Campylobacter jejuni and Vibrio fluvialis...
May 4, 2016: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Samantha M Nicol, Shereen Sabbah, Kevin F Brulois, Jae U Jung, Andrew I Bell, Andrew D Hislop
UNLABELLED: Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) has tropism for B lymphocytes, in which it establishes latency, and can also cause lymphoproliferative disorders of these cells manifesting as primary effusion lymphoma (PEL) and multicentric Castleman disease (MCD). T cell immunity is vital for the control of KSHV infection and disease; however, few models of B lymphocyte infection exist to study immune recognition of such cells. Here, we developed a model of B lymphocyte infection with KSHV in which infected tonsillar B lymphocytes were expanded by providing mitogenic stimuli and then challenged with KSHV-specific CD4(+)T cells...
April 2016: Journal of Virology
Nicholas L Zalewski, Vanda A Lennon, Daniel H Lachance, Christopher J Klein, Sean J Pittock, Andrew Mckeon
INTRODUCTION: Voltage-gated calcium-channel autoimmunity (VGCC-P/Q and VGCC-N types) occurs beyond Lambert-Eaton syndrome and lung cancer. METHODS: We reviewed records for 236 Mayo Clinic patients with VGCC antibodies found in evaluation for paraneoplastic neurological autoimmunity (generally without myasthenic syndromes). RESULTS: VGCC autoantibodies were detected in 3.4% of neurological patients, 1.7% of healthy controls, and 4% of neurologically asymptomatic lung cancer controls...
August 2016: Muscle & Nerve
Zhen Lin, Kenneth Swan, Xin Zhang, Subing Cao, Zoe Brett, Stacy Drury, Michael J Strong, Claire Fewell, Adriane Puetter, Xia Wang, MaryBeth Ferris, Deborah E Sullivan, Li Li, Erik K Flemington
UNLABELLED: In the oral epithelium, peripheral stores of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) are transmitted from infiltrating B cells to epithelial cells. Once the virus is transmitted to epithelial cells, the highly permissive nature of this cell type for lytic replication allows virus amplification and exchange to other hosts. Since the initial transfer of EBV from B cells to epithelial cells requires transitioning of the B-cell to a state that induces virus reactivation, we hypothesized that there might be epithelium-specific signals that allow the infiltrating B cells to sense the appropriate environment to initiate reactivation and begin this exchange process...
January 13, 2016: Journal of Virology
S P Chantepie, Q Cabrera, J B Mear, V Salaun, E Lechapt-Zalcman, M Macro
Cervical bilateral lymphadenopathy is a frequent event during chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) natural history. However, lymph node biopsy is generally not required as long as transformation into an aggressive lymphoma (Richter syndrome) is not suspected. We present here a rare case of CLL patient who developed progressive bilateral cervical lymph node and bilateral tonsillar hypertrophy. CLL front-line therapy was ineffective leading to adenectomy and diagnosis of concomitant extramedullary plasmacytoma...
2015: Case Reports in Medicine
Giselle Cuestas, Agustín Martínez Font, María Victoria Demarchi, María Pía Martínez Corvalán, Hernán García Rivello, Ana Morandi, Juan Razetti, Carlos Boccio
Tonsil malignancy is uncommon in children. Tonsillar asymmetry is usually secondary to a benign process, either inflammatory conditions, differences in the tonsillar fossa depth or anterior pillar asymmetry. However, it may indicate a serious underlying disorder such as lymphoma. Lymphoma is the most common childhood malignancy in the head and neck. Approximately, 15% of the cases affect the Waldeyer's ring. The most common clinical manifestations of palatine tonsils lymphoma are unilateral tonsillar hypertrophy, alteration in the appearance of the mucosa and ipsilateral cervical lymphadenopathy...
August 2015: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
A B Addison, M Whittaker, T Maddox, A Pelser, S Watts
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2015: Clinical Otolaryngology
Alexandre Caixeta Guimarães, Guilherme Machado de Carvalho, Carlos Roberto Silveira Correa, Reinaldo Jordão Gusmão
Lymphoma is the most common head and neck malignancy in children, and palatine tonsils asymmetry is the most frequent clinical manifestation of tonsillar lymphoma. However, several studies with children with tonsillar asymmetry found no case of lymphoma, showing that the relationship of tonsillar asymmetry with lymphoma is unclear. In this review, we aimed to identify the association between tonsillar asymmetry and tonsillar lymphoma in children by conducting systematic reviews of the literature on children with palatine tonsil lymphoma and tonsillar asymmetry...
March 2015: Critical Reviews in Oncology/hematology
Pavan Tiwari, Karan Madan, Deepali Jain, Rakesh Kumar, Anant Mohan, Randeep Guleria
A young male patient had been evaluated for pleural effusion at another center wherein on the basis of exudative, lymphocyte predominant pleural effusion with high pleural fluid adenosine deaminase (ADA) levels and tuberculin skin test (TST) reactivity, antituberculous medications had been administered. Reevaluation in view of worsening symptoms led to confirmation of the diagnosis of T-cell lymphoblastic lymphoma with pleuro-peritoneal lymphomatosis and tonsillar involvement. This case highlights the fact that elevated ADA levels should not be taken as surrogate for a diagnosis of TB in the absence of histopathological/microbiological confirmation even in countries with high tuberculosis (TB) prevalence...
October 2014: Lung India: Official Organ of Indian Chest Society
Yuko Kaneko, Masaru Kojima, Seiichiro Suzuki, Atsuko Takada, Hidetsugu Yamagishi, Yoshimasa Nakazato, Nobuhide Masawa
This study attempted to clarify the clinicopathological and immunohistochemical findings and presence or absence of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) in tonsillar atypical interfollicular hyperplasia (AIFH). A total of 597 consecutive specimens from tonsillectomies performed in Dokkyo University School of Medicine between 1999 and July 2013 were reexamined. Using formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded sections, histological and immunohistochemical analyses, and in situ hybridization (ISH) were performed. AIFH was identified in the tonsils in 12 (2...
2014: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hematopathology: JCEH
Sarah M Kidwai, Arjun K Parasher, Fred Y Lin
INTRODUCTION: NK/T-cell lymphoma (NKCL), nasal-type is rare in the United States, representing only 1.5% of non-Hodgkin lymphomas. Classically, patients initially present with nasal obstruction (70%), caused by invasion of the localized lesion into the sinuses and nasal cavities. Initial presentation with persistent sore throat and odynophagia due to oropharyngeal tumor extension is rare, and thus, is often overlooked as viral or bacterial pharyngitis. By studying a case of NKTCL nasal type, we emphasize the need to apply high clinical suspicion for NKTCL, nasal type for early diagnosis and improved survival...
January 2015: American Journal of Otolaryngology
Svein Joar Johnsen, Ellen Berget, Malin Viktoria Jonsson, Lars Helgeland, Roald Omdal, Roland Jonsson
OBJECTIVE: Germinal center (GC)-like structures have previously been observed in minor salivary glands (MSG) of patients with primary Sjögren syndrome (pSS). The aim of our study was to explore the prevalence and features of GC-like structures and B cell clonality in patients with pSS with and without lymphoma. METHODS: Based on a nationwide survey in Norway, we included 21 patients with pSS and with a concomitant lymphoma from whom MSG and/or lymphoma biopsies were available...
November 2014: Journal of Rheumatology
Carren S Teh, Pailoor Jayalakshmi, Sheldon Y Chong
We encountered a patient with a tongue base lymphoma that we initially diagnosed as a lingual tonsil in view of its benign appearance. We established the correct diagnosis of Waldeyer ring lymphoma by histology. This case led us to conduct a study of all cases of Waldeyer ring lymphoma that had been treated at our center during a 10-year period. We retrospectively examined our case records and found 35 such cases. From this group, we excluded 5 cases because of incomplete data. Thus our final study group was made up of 30 patients-14 males and 16 females, aged 14 to 76 years (mean: 51...
September 2014: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
Li-Li Lou, Xi-Nan Cen, Jin-Ping Ou, Yu-Jun Dong, Ze-Yin Liang, Zhi-Xiang Qiu, Wen-Sheng Wang, Wei-Lin Xu, Yuan Li, Mang-Ju Wang, Li-Hong Wang, Yue Yin, Yu-Hua Sun, Wei Liu, Qian Wang, Ying Wang, Han-Yun Ren
This study was aimed to analyze the clinical and pathological characteristics of patients with primary extranodal lymphoma (PENL). A total of 236 patients with PENL were enrolled to evaluate the clinical and pathological features. The clinical data of 236 patients with PENL confirmed by pathological and immunohistochemical methods between January 2001 and March 2012 were analyzed retrospectively. The results indicated that: (1)236 patients with PENL accounted for 40.7% of lymphoma over the same period. Median age was 55 years old (from 16 to 91 years old) ...
February 2014: Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue za Zhi
Tsutomu Igarashi, Akira Shimizu, Hiroki Yamaguchi, Yoshimitsu Fukushima, Toru Igarashi, Hiroshi Takahashi
INTRODUCTION: A case of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma, the most frequent of the various conjunctival lymphoproliferative disorders, in which the initial biopsy was inconclusive but the second biopsy provided a definitive diagnosis, is reported. CASE REPORT: A 26-year-old woman with a 3-month history of bilateral conjunctival swelling was referred by a local physician for suspected MALT lymphoma. A salmon-pink elastic swelling was found to involve both eyes and to extend from the lower palpebral conjunctiva to the bulbar conjunctiva...
2013: Journal of Nippon Medical School, Nippon Ika Daigaku Zasshi
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