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Differential diagnosis internal medicine

Cristhian Pérez V, Giulietta Vaccarezza G, César Aguilar A, Katherine Coloma N, Horacio Salgado F, Marjorie Baquedano R, Carla Chavarría R, Nancy Bastías V
BACKGROUND: Teaching practice is one of the most complex topics of the training process in medicine and other health care careers. The Teaching Practices Questionnaire (TPQ) evaluates teaching skills. AIM: To assess the factor structure and internal consistency of the Spanish version of the TPP among health care teachers. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The TPQ was answered by 315 university teachers from 13 of the 15 administrative Chilean regions, who were selected through a non-probabilistic volunteer sampling...
June 2016: Revista Médica de Chile
Henriette Farkas, Inmaculada Martinez-Saguer, Konrad Bork, Tom Bowen, Timothy Craig, Michael Frank, Anastasios E Germenis, Anete S Grumach, Andrea Luczay, Varga Lilian, Andrea Zanichelli
BACKGROUND: The consensus documents published to date on hereditary angioedema with C1-inhibitor deficiency (C1-INH-HAE) have focused on adult patients. Many of the previous recommendations have not been adapted to pediatric patients. We intended to produce consensus recommendations for the diagnosis and management of pediatric patients with C1-INH-HAE. METHODS: During an expert panel meeting that took place during the 9th C1-Inhibitor Deficiency Workshop in Budapest, 2015 [w w w...
August 9, 2016: Allergy
Xiao Nan Wang, Vanessa Zhou, Qiang Liu, Ying Gao, Xiao-Hua Zhou
BACKGROUND: The concept of syndromes (zhengs) is unique to Chinese medicine (CM) and difficult to measure. Expert consensus is used as a gold standard to identify zhengs and evaluate the accuracy of existing diagnostic scales for zhengs. But, the use of expert consensus as a gold standard is problematic because the diagnosis of zhengs by expert consensus is not 100 % accurate. This study aimed to evaluate the accuracy of standardized diagnostic scales for a syndrome zhengs in the absence of a gold standard, with application to internal wind (nei feng) syndrome in ischemic stroke patients...
2016: Chinese Medicine
N Katzorke, F Vilella, M Ruiz, J-S Krüssel, C Simón
Over the last decade, research to improve success rates in reproductive medicine has focused predominantly on the understanding and optimization of embryo quality. However, the emergence of personalized medicine in ovulation induction and embryology has shifted the focus to assessing the individual status of the endometrium. The endometrium is considered receptive during an individually defined period, the window of implantation (WOI), when the mother permits a blastocyst to attach and implant. This individual receptivity status can now be objectively diagnosed using the endometrial receptivity array (ERA) developed in 2011...
June 2016: Geburtshilfe und Frauenheilkunde
K Wirth, P Zielinski, T Trinter, R Stahl, F Mück, M Reiser, S Wirth
BACKGROUND: In hospitals, the radiological services provided to non-privately insured in-house patients are mostly distributed to requesting disciplines through internal cost allocation (ICA). In many institutions, computed tomography (CT) is the modality with the largest amount of allocation credits. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this work is to compare the ICA to respective DRG (Diagnosis Related Groups) shares for diagnostic CT services in a university hospital setting...
August 2016: Der Radiologe
K Conrad, L E C Andrade, E K L Chan, M Mahler, P L Meroni, G J M Pruijn, G Steiner, Y Shoenfeld
Testing for autoantibodies (AABs) is becoming more and more relevant, not only for diagnosing autoimmune diseases (AIDs) but also for the differentiation of defined AID subtypes with different clinical manifestations, course and prognosis as well as the very early diagnosis for adequate management in the context of personalized medicine. A major challenge to improve diagnostic accuracy is to harmonize or even standardize AAB analyses. This review presents the results of the 12th Dresden Symposium on Autoantibodies that focused on several aspects of improving autoimmune diagnostics...
July 2016: Lupus
Pınar Özgen Kiratli, Murat Tuncel, Zvi Bar-Sever
Nuclear medicine has an important role in the management of many cancers in pediatric age group with multiple imaging modalities and radiopharmaceuticals targeting various biological uptake mechanisms. 18-Flourodeoxyglucose is the radiotracer of choice especially in patients with sarcoma and lymphoma. (18)FDG-PET, for sarcoma and lymphomas, is proved to be superior to conventional imaging in staging and therapy response. Although studies are limited in pediatric population, (18)FDG-PET/CT has found its way through international guidelines...
July 2016: Seminars in Nuclear Medicine
Ethem Acar, Önder Özcan, Hasan Deliktaş, Halil Beydilli, İsmail Kırlı, Ömer Doğan Alataş, Cem Şahin, Birdal Yıldırım, Ahmet Korkut Belli
BACKGROUND: Only one diagnostic parameter is not available for acute appendicitis. For the establishment of diagnosis, combination of medical history, clinical, laboratory tests, and radiological imaging modalities are used so as to decrease the rates of negative laparotomy and morbidity secondary to delay in diagnosis. Thepresent study aimed to determine haematological and inflammatory markers which will be used in the discrimination of acute appendicitis (AA) and renal colic which are the most frequent and indistinguishable causes of abdominal pain in patients applying to the emergency service...
January 2016: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
W Langsteger, A Rezaee, W Loidl, H S Geinitz, F Fitz, M Steinmair, G Broinger, L Pallwien-Prettner, M Beheshti, L Imamovic, M Beheshti, G Rendl, D Hackl, O Tsybrovsky, M Steinmair, K Emmanuel, F Moinfar, C Pirich, W Langsteger, A Bytyqi, G Karanikas, M Mayerhöfer, O Koperek, B Niederle, M Hartenbach, T Beyer, K Herrmann, J Czernin, I Rausch, P Rust, M D DiFranco, M Lassen, A Stadlbauer, M E Mayerhöfer, M Hartenbach, M Hacker, T Beyer, K Binzel, R Magnussen, W Wei, M U Knopp, D C Flanigan, C Kaeding, M V Knopp, A Leisser, M Nejabat, M Hartenbach, G Kramer, M Krainer, M Hacker, A Haug, Wencke Lehnert, Karl Schmidt, Sharok Kimiaei, Marcus Bronzel, Andreas Kluge, C L Wright, K Binzel, J Zhang, Evan Wuthrick, Piotr Maniawski, M V Knopp, M Blaickner, E Rados, A Huber, M Dulovits, H Kulkarni, S Wiessalla, C Schuchardt, R P Baum, B Knäusl, D Georg, M Bauer, B Wulkersdorfer, W Wadsak, C Philippe, H Haslacher, M Zeitlinger, O Langer, M Bauer, M Feldmann, R Karch, W Wadsak, M Zeitlinger, M J Koepp, M-C Asselin, E Pataraia, O Langer, M Zeilinger, C Philippe, M Dumanic, F Pichler, J Pilz, M Hacker, W Wadsak, M Mitterhauser, L Nics, B Steiner, M Hacker, M Mitterhauser, W Wadsak, A Traxl, Thomas Wanek, Kushtrim Kryeziu, Severin Mairinger, Johann Stanek, Walter Berger, Claudia Kuntner, Oliver Langer, S Mairinger, T Wanek, A Traxl, M Krohn, J Stanek, T Filip, M Sauberer, C Kuntner, J Pahnke, O Langer, D Svatunek, C Denk, M Wilkovitsch, T Wanek, T Filip, C Kuntner-Hannes, J Fröhlich, H Mikula, C Denk, D Svatunek, T Wanek, S Mairinger, J Stanek, T Filip, J Fröhlich, H Mikula, C Kuntner-Hannes, T Balber, J Singer, J Fazekas, C Rami-Mark, N Berroterán-Infante, E Jensen-Jarolim, W Wadsak, M Hacker, H Viernstein, M Mitterhauser, C Denk, D Svatunek, B Sohr, H Mikula, J Fröhlich, T Wanek, C Kuntner-Hannes, T Filip, S Pfaff, C Philippe, M Mitterhauser, M Hartenbach, M Hacker, W Wadsak, T Wanek, E Halilbasic, M Visentin, S Mairinger, B Stieger, C Kuntner, M Trauner, O Langer, P Lam, M Aistleitner, R Eichinger, C Artner, H Eidherr, C Vraka, A Haug, M Mitterhauser, L Nics, M Hartenbach, M Hacker, W Wadsak, H Kvaternik, R Müller, D Hausberger, C Zink, R M Aigner, U Cossío, M Asensio, A Montes, S Akhtar, Y Te Welscher, R van Nostrum, V Gómez-Vallejo, J Llop, F VandeVyver, T Barclay, N Lippens, M Troch, L Hehenwarter, B Egger, J Holzmannhofer, M Rodrigues-Radischat, C Pirich, N Pötsch, I Rausch, D Wilhelm, M Weber, J Furtner, G Karanikas, A Wöhrer, M Mitterhauser, M Hacker, T Traub-Weidinger, T Cassou-Mounat, S Balogova, V Nataf, M Calzada, V Huchet, K Kerrou, J-Y Devaux, M Mohty, L Garderet, J-N Talbot, S Stanzel, G Pregartner, T Schwarz, V Bjelic-Radisic, B Liegl-Atzwanger, R Aigner, S Stanzel, F Quehenberger, R M Aigner, A Koljević Marković, Milica Janković, V Miler Jerković, M Paskaš, G Pupić, R Džodić, D Popović, M C Fornito, D Familiari, P Koranda, H Polzerová, I Metelková, L Henzlová, R Formánek, E Buriánková, M Kamínek, W H Thomson, C Lewis, W H Thomson, J O'Brien, G James, A Notghi, H Huber, I Stelzmüller, R Wunn, M Mandl, F Fellner, B Lamprecht, M Gabriel, M C Fornito, G Leonardi, W H Thomson, J O'Brien, G James, J Hudzietzová, J Sabol, M Fülöp
A1 68Ga-PSMA PET/CT in staging and restaging of Prostate Cancer Patients: comparative study with 18F-Choline PET/CTW Langsteger, A Rezaee, W Loidl, HS Geinitz, F Fitz, M Steinmair, G Broinger, L Pallwien-Prettner, M BeheshtiA2 F18 Choline PET - CT: an accurate diagnostic tool for the detection of parathyroid adenoma?L Imamovic, M Beheshti, G Rendl, D Hackl, O Tsybrovsky, M Steinmair, K Emmanuel, F Moinfar, C Pirich, W LangstegerA3 [18F]Fluoro-DOPA-PET/CT in the primary diagnosis of medullary thyroid carcinomaA Bytyqi, G Karanikas, M Mayerhöfer, O Koperek, B Niederle, M HartenbachA4 Variations of clinical PET/MR operations: An international survey on the clinical utilization of PET/MRIT Beyer, K Herrmann, J CzerninA5 Standard Dixon-based attenuation correction in combined PET/MRI: Reproducibility and the possibility of Lean body mass estimationI Rausch, P Rust, MD DiFranco, M Lassen, A Stadlbauer, ME Mayerhöfer, M Hartenbach, M Hacker, T BeyerA6 High resolution digital FDG PET/MRI imaging for assessment of ACL graft viabilityK Binzel, R Magnussen, W Wei, MU Knopp, DC Flanigan, C Kaeding, MV KnoppA7 Using pre-existing hematotoxicity as predictor for severe side effects and number of treatment cycles of Xofigo therapyA Leisser, M Nejabat, M Hartenbach, G Kramer, M Krainer, M Hacker, A HaugA8 QDOSE - comprehensive software solution for internal dose assessmentWencke Lehnert, Karl Schmidt, Sharok Kimiaei, Marcus Bronzel, Andreas KlugeA9 Clinical impact of Time-of-Flight on next-generation digital PET imaging of Yttrium-90 radioactivity following liver radioembolizationCL Wright, K Binzel, J Zhang, Evan Wuthrick, Piotr Maniawski, MV KnoppA10 Snakes in patients! Lessons learned from programming active contours for automated organ segmentationM Blaickner, E Rados, A Huber, M Dulovits, H Kulkarni, S Wiessalla, C Schuchardt, RP Baum, B Knäusl, D GeorgA11 Influence of a genetic polymorphism on brain uptake of the dual ABCB1/ABCG2 substrate [11C]tariquidarM Bauer, B Wulkersdorfer, W Wadsak, C Philippe, H Haslacher, M Zeitlinger, O LangerA12 Outcome prediction of temporal lobe epilepsy surgery from P-glycoprotein activity...
April 2016: EJNMMI Research
Marc E Wolf, Anastasios Chatzikonstantinou, Joachim Grüttner, Anne D Ebert, Thomas Walter, Michael G Hennerici, Marc Fatar
BACKGROUND: Acute stroke is a medical emergency with various clinical presentations. Since the introduction of systemic thrombolytic treatment, stroke diagnosis has been made quickly and with great caution, and the trend of rapid presentation at hospitals has increased. METHODS: In our multidisciplinary Emergency Department, we prospectively collected and analysed data of consecutive patients presenting with suspected acute stroke (SAS) or transient ischemic attack (TIA)...
2016: European Neurology
Alessandro Mussa, Stefania Di Candia, Silvia Russo, Serena Catania, Maurizio De Pellegrin, Luisa Di Luzio, Mario Ferrari, Chiara Tortora, Maria Costanza Meazzini, Roberto Brusati, Donatella Milani, Giuseppe Zampino, Rosario Montirosso, Andrea Riccio, Angelo Selicorni, Guido Cocchi, Giovanni Battista Ferrero
UNLABELLED: Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome (BWS) is the most common (epi)genetic overgrowth-cancer predisposition disorder. Given the absence of consensual recommendations or international guidelines, the Scientific Committee of the Italian BWS Association ( proposed these recommendations for the diagnosis, molecular testing, clinical management, follow-up and tumor surveillance of patients with BWS. The recommendations are intended to allow a timely and appropriate diagnosis of the disorder, to assist patients and their families, to provide clinicians and caregivers optimal strategies for an adequate and satisfactory care, aiming also at standardizing clinical practice as a national uniform approach...
January 2016: European Journal of Medical Genetics
Carlo Rostagno, Alessandra Cammilli, Annalaura Di Cristo, Gian Luca Polidori, Claudia Ranalli, Alessandro Cartei, Roberto Buzzi, Domenico Prisco
Myocardial infarction after hip fracture but before surgical repair is associated with a 30-day mortality as high as 30 % at 1 month. In Florence, since 2011, hip fractures are referred to a multidisciplinary hip fracture team including internal medicine specialists, anesthesiologists, and orthopaedic surgeons. The aim of the present investigation was to evaluate the clinical characteristics of patients with hip fracture who had at hospital admission a significant increase of troponin (>10 times reference levels), the diagnostic and therapeutic strategies adopted, and overall 1-year survival...
March 2016: Internal and Emergency Medicine
Miodrag Stanković, Jelena Kostić, Grozdanko Grbeša, Tatjana Tošić, Sandra Stanković
INTRODUCTION: Astasia is the inability to maintain an upright body position without assistance in the absence of motor weakness or sensory loss. Abasia is described as the inability to walk or as uncoordinated walking, while preserving mobility of the lower limbs. Ganser syndrome is described as a dissociative disorder characterized by approximate answers, somatic conversion symptoms, clouding of consciousness, as well as visual and auditory pseudohallucinations. The aim of this study is to present a case that seemed like a combination of neurological and internal disturbances, but actually represented a psychogenic disorder...
July 2015: Srpski Arhiv za Celokupno Lekarstvo
Nando Campanella, Pierpaolo Morosini, Guido Sampaolo, Vania Catozzo, Andrea Caso, Maurizio Ferretti, Moreno Giovagnoli, Mariangela Torniai, Ettore Antico
BACKGROUND: e-Health strategies are supposed to improve the performance of national health systems. Medical teleconsultation (MT) is an important component of such e-Health strategies. OBJECTIVES: The outcome of MT was evaluated with regard to the impact on the medical error vulnerability (MEV) of internal medicine patients. METHODS: A team of internal medicine doctors plus a network of forty specialists was set-up in one health district belonging to a unified and universal national health system of a country of Western Europe, in order to provide free-of-charge MT to support general practitioners in solving internal medicine cases...
November 2015: European Journal of Internal Medicine
Giuseppe Clemente, Antonino Tuttolomondo, Daniela Colomba, Rosaria Pecoraro, Chiara Renda, Vittoriano Della Corte, Carlo Maida, Irene Simonetta, Antonio Pinto
A 59-year-old nursing home patient with Down syndrome was brought to the internal medicine department of our hospital due to fever, cough without expectorate, and dyspnea. A thoracic computed tomography revealed the presence of bilateral basal parenchymal opacities. Her condition deteriorated after admission and troponin reached a peak serum concentration of 16.9 ng/mL. The patient was in cardiogenic shock. In addition to fluid resuscitation, vaso-active amine infusion was administered to achieve hemodynamic stabilization...
August 16, 2015: World Journal of Clinical Cases
L Minář, I Klabenešová, E Jandáková
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the use of human epididymis protein 4 (HE4) and cancer antigen 125 (CA 125) biomarkers in differential diagnosis of malignant and benign endometrial tumours in a population of Czech women. DESIGN: Prospective study. SETTING: Department of Gynaecology and Obstetrics, Faculty of Medicine at Masaryk University and Faculty Hospital in Brno. METHODS: Our prospective study includes 115 patients with endometrioid adenocarcinoma and 106 patients with benign endometrial tumours in the control group...
August 2015: Ceská Gynekologie
Birdal Yildirim, Ulku Karagoz, Ethem Acar, Halil Beydilli, Emine Nese Yeniceri, Ozgur Tanriverdi, Omer Dogan Alatas, Şükrü Kasap
Prilocaine-induced methemoglobinemia is a rarely seen condition. In this paper, a case is presented with methemoglobinemia developed secondary to prilocaine use in a liposuction procedure, and the importance of this rarely seen condition is emphasized. A 20-year-old female patient presented with complaints of prostration, lassitude, shivering, shortness of breath, and cyanosis. It was learned that the patient underwent nearly 1000 mg prilocaine infiltration 8 hours priorly during a liposuction procedure. At admission, her blood pressure (130/80 mmHg), pulse rate (140 bpm), body temperature (36°C), and respiratory rate (40/min) were recorded...
2015: Case Reports in Emergency Medicine
Cristian Andrei Sarău, Daniel Florin Lighezan, Ion Caius Doroş, Eugen Horaţiu Ştefănescu, Gheorghe Iovănescu, Nicolae Constantin Balica, Ioana Delia Horhat, Marioara Poenaru
The authors present four cases of Wegener's granulomatosis patients with multiorganic manifestation forms, but with a prevalent involvement in upper-airway. Granulomatosis diseases of the nose include bacterial infections (rhinoscleroma, tuberculosis, syphilis, lupus, and leprosy), fungal infections (rhinosporidiosis, aspergillosis, mucormycosis, candidosis, histoplasmosis, and blastomycosis) and diseases with unspecified etiology (Wegener's granulomatosis, mediofacial malignant granuloma, and sarcoidosis)...
2015: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
Nina Kolbe, Keith Killu, Victor Coba, Luca Neri, Kathleen M Garcia, Marti McCulloch, Alberta Spreafico, Scott Dulchavsky
BACKGROUND: Point of care ultrasound (POCUS) is a useful diagnostic tool in medicine. POCUS provides an easy and reproducible method of diagnosis where conventional radiologic studies are unavailable. Telemedicine is also a great means of communication between educators and students throughout the world. HYPOTHESIS: Implementing POCUS with didactics and hands-on training, using portable ultrasound devices followed by telecommunication training, will impact the differential diagnosis and patient management in a rural community outside the United States...
June 2015: Journal of Ultrasound
Aurélie Grados, Mikael Ebbo, Emmanuelle Bernit, Véronique Veit, Karin Mazodier, Rodolphe Jean, Diane Coso, Thérèse Aurran-Schleinitz, Florence Broussais, Reda Bouabdallah, Gwenaelle Gravis, Anthony Goncalves, Marc Giovaninni, Pascal Sève, Bruno Chetaille, Florence Gavet-Bongo, Thierry Weitten, Michel Pavic, Jean-Robert Harlé, Nicolas Schleinitz
The association between cancer and sarcoidosis is controversial. Some epidemiological studies show an increase of the incidence of cancer in patients with sarcoidosis but only few cases of sarcoidosis following cancer treatment have been reported. We conducted a retrospective case study from internal medicine and oncology departments for patients presenting sarcoidosis after solid cancer treatment. We also performed a literature review to search for patients who developed sarcoidosis after solid cancer. We describe the clinical, biological, and radiological characteristics and outcome of these patients...
July 2015: Medicine (Baltimore)
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