keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Stx17

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677644/2bc-non-structural-protein-of-enterovirus-a71-interacts-with-snare-proteins-to-trigger-autolysosome-formation
#1
Jeffrey K F Lai, I-Ching Sam, Pauline Verlhac, Joël Baguet, Eeva-Liisa Eskelinen, Mathias Faure, Yoke Fun Chan
Viruses have evolved unique strategies to evade or subvert autophagy machinery. Enterovirus A71 (EV-A71) induces autophagy during infection in vitro and in vivo. In this study, we report that EV-A71 triggers autolysosome formation during infection in human rhabdomyosarcoma (RD) cells to facilitate its replication. Blocking autophagosome-lysosome fusion with chloroquine inhibited virus RNA replication, resulting in lower viral titres, viral RNA copies and viral proteins. Overexpression of the non-structural protein 2BC of EV-A71 induced autolysosome formation...
July 4, 2017: Viruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598244/accumulation-of-undegraded-autophagosomes-by-expression-of-dominant-negative-stx17-syntaxin-17-mutants
#2
Masaaki Uematsu, Taki Nishimura, Yuriko Sakamaki, Hayashi Yamamoto, Noboru Mizushima
Macroautophagy/autophagy, which is one of the main degradation systems in the cell, is mediated by a specialized organelle, the autophagosome. Purification of autophagosomes prior to fusion with lysosomes is important for both mechanistic and physiological studies of the autophagosome. Here, we report a simple method to accumulate undigested autophagosomes. Overexpression of the autophagosomal Qa-SNARE STX17 (syntaxin 17) lacking the N-terminal domain (NTD) or N-terminally tagged GFP-STX17 causes accumulation of autophagosomes...
June 9, 2017: Autophagy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537477/atg-conjugation-dependent-degradation-of-the-inner-autophagosomal-membrane-is-a-key-step-for-autophagosome-maturation
#3
Ikuko Koyama-Honda, Kotaro Tsuboyama, Noboru Mizushima
Although the autophagy-related (ATG) conjugation systems are thought to be important for a late step of autophagosome formation, their precise function has been poorly understood because they are also required for localization of the most important autophagosomal marker LC3. In our recent study we found that, using the autophagosomal SNARE STX17 (syntaxin 17) as an alternative marker, autophagosome-like structures were generated in ATG conjugation system-deficient cells. Those structures could fuse with lysosomes but the degradation of the inner autophagosomal membrane was significantly delayed...
May 24, 2017: Autophagy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368721/cellular-and-molecular-mechanism-for-secretory-autophagy
#4
Tomonori Kimura, Jingyue Jia, Aurore Claude-Taupin, Suresh Kumar, Seong Won Choi, Yuexi Gu, Michal Mudd, Nicolas Dupont, Shanya Jiang, Ryan Peters, Farzin Farzam, Ashish Jain, Keith A Lidke, Christopher M Adams, Terje Johansen, Vojo Deretic
Macroautophagy/autophagy plays a role in unconventional secretion of leaderless cytosolic proteins. Whether and how secretory autophagy diverges from conventional degradative autophagy is unclear. We have shown that the prototypical secretory autophagy cargo IL1B/IL-1β (interleukin 1 β) is recognized by TRIM16, and that this first to be identified secretory autophagy receptor interacts with the R-SNARE SEC22B to jointly deliver cargo to the MAP1LC3B-II-positive sequestration membranes. Cargo secretion is unaffected by knockdowns of STX17, a SNARE catalyzing autophagosome-lysosome fusion as a prelude to cargo degradation...
June 3, 2017: Autophagy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306502/pacer-mediates-the-function-of-class-iii-pi3k-and-hops-complexes-in-autophagosome-maturation-by-engaging-stx17
#5
Xiawei Cheng, Xiuling Ma, Xianming Ding, Lin Li, Xiao Jiang, Zhirong Shen, She Chen, Wei Liu, Weihua Gong, Qiming Sun
Class III PI3-kinase (PI3KC3) is essential for autophagy initiation, but whether PI3KC3 participates in other steps of autophagy remains unknown. The HOPS complex mediates the fusion of intracellular vesicles to lysosome, but how HOPS specifically tethers autophagosome to lysosome remains elusive. Here, we report Pacer (protein associated with UVRAG as autophagy enhancer) as a regulator of autophagy. Pacer localizes to autophagic structures and positively regulates autophagosome maturation. Mechanistically, Pacer antagonizes Rubicon to stimulate Vps34 kinase activity...
March 16, 2017: Molecular Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253086/oocyte-developmental-competence-insights-from-cross-species-differential-gene-expression-and-human-oocyte-specific-functional-gene-networks
#6
Fernando H Biase
Understanding oocyte developmental competence remains a key challenge for reproductive biology and systems sciences. The transcriptome of oocytes in eutherians is highly complex and is associated with the success of embryo development. Due to sample limitations from humans, animal models are used for investigation of the oocyte transcriptome. Nonetheless, little is known about the diversity of the oocyte transcriptome across eutherians. In this report, comprehensive investigation of 7 public data sets in 4 species, human, macaque, mice, and cattle, shows that 16,572 genes are expressed in oocytes...
March 2017: Omics: a Journal of Integrative Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27628032/lamp-2-is-required-for-incorporating-syntaxin-17-into-autophagosomes-and-for-their-fusion-with-lysosomes
#7
Virginie Hubert, Andrea Peschel, Brigitte Langer, Marion Gröger, Andrew Rees, Renate Kain
Autophagy is an evolutionarily conserved process used for removing surplus and damaged proteins and organelles from the cytoplasm. The unwanted material is incorporated into autophagosomes that eventually fuse with lysosomes, leading to the degradation of their cargo. The fusion event is mediated by the interaction between the Qa-SNARE syntaxin-17 (STX17) on autophagosomes and the R-SNARE VAMP8 on lysosomes. Cells deficient in lysosome membrane-associated protein-2 (LAMP-2) have increased numbers of autophagosomes but the underlying mechanism is poorly understood...
October 15, 2016: Biology Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27588602/the-vici-syndrome-protein-epg5-is-a-rab7-effector-that-determines-the-fusion-specificity-of-autophagosomes-with-late-endosomes-lysosomes
#8
Zheng Wang, Guangyan Miao, Xue Xue, Xiangyang Guo, Chongzhen Yuan, Zhaoyu Wang, Gangming Zhang, Yingyu Chen, Du Feng, Junjie Hu, Hong Zhang
Mutations in the human autophagy gene EPG5 cause the multisystem disorder Vici syndrome. Here we demonstrated that EPG5 is a Rab7 effector that determines the fusion specificity of autophagosomes with late endosomes/lysosomes. EPG5 is recruited to late endosomes/lysosomes by direct interaction with Rab7 and the late endosomal/lysosomal R-SNARE VAMP7/8. EPG5 also binds to LC3/LGG-1 (mammalian and C. elegans Atg8 homolog, respectively) and to assembled STX17-SNAP29 Qabc SNARE complexes on autophagosomes. EPG5 stabilizes and facilitates the assembly of STX17-SNAP29-VAMP7/8 trans-SNARE complexes, and promotes STX17-SNAP29-VAMP7-mediated fusion of reconstituted proteoliposomes...
September 1, 2016: Molecular Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27511942/ethylmercury-induced-oxidative-and-endoplasmic-reticulum-stress-mediated-autophagic-cell-death-involvement-of-autophagosome-lysosome-fusion-arrest
#9
Ji-Yoon Choi, Nam-Hee Won, Jung-Duck Park, Sinae Jang, Chi-Yong Eom, Yongseok Choi, Young In Park, Mi-Sook Dong
Ethylmercury (EtHg) is derived from the degradation of thimerosal, the most widely used organomercury compound. In this study, EtHg-induced toxicity and autophagy in the mouse kidney was observed and then the mechanism of toxicity was explored in vitro in HK-2 cells. Low doses of EtHg induced autophagy without causing any histopathological changes in mouse kidneys. However, mice treated with high doses of EtHg exhibited severe focal tubular cell necrosis of the proximal tubules with autophagy. EtHg dose-dependently increased the production of reactive oxygen species, reduced the mitochondrial membrane potential, activated the unfolded protein response, and increased cytosolic Ca(2+) levels in HK-2 cells...
August 10, 2016: Toxicological Sciences: An Official Journal of the Society of Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27490928/tmem166-eva1a-interacts-with-atg16l1-and-induces-autophagosome-formation-and-cell-death
#10
Jia Hu, Ge Li, Liujing Qu, Ning Li, Wei Liu, Dan Xia, Beiqi Hongdu, Xin Lin, Chentong Xu, Yaxin Lou, Qihua He, Dalong Ma, Yingyu Chen
The formation of the autophagosome is controlled by an orderly action of ATG proteins. However, how these proteins are recruited to autophagic membranes remain poorly clarified. In this study, we have provided a line of evidence confirming that EVA1A (eva-1 homolog A)/TMEM166 (transmembrane protein 166) is associated with autophagosomal membrane development. This notion is based on dotted EVA1A structures that colocalize with ZFYVE1, ATG9, LC3B, ATG16L1, ATG5, STX17, RAB7 and LAMP1, which represent different stages of the autophagic process...
August 4, 2016: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26535731/frequency-of-gray-coat-color-in-native-chinese-horse-breeds
#11
K X Gao, N B Chen, W J Liu, R Li, X Y Lan, H Chen, C Z Lei, R H Dang
Gray horses are born colored, and they then gradually lose their hair pigmentation. Tremendous progress has been made in identifying the genes responsible for graying with age in horses in recent years. Results show that gray coat color in horses is caused by a 4.6-kb duplication in intron 6 of the syntaxin 17 gene (STX17), which constitutes a cis-acting-regulatory mutation. However, little is known about the gray phenotype in native Chinese horses. This study was conducted to explore the frequency distribution of the gray mutation in native Chinese horse breeds...
2015: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26259518/impairment-of-autophagosome-lysosome-fusion-in-the-buff-mutant-mice-with-the-vps33a-d251e-mutation
#12
Yuanli Zhen, Wei Li
The HOPS (homotypic fusion and protein sorting) complex functions in endocytic and autophagic pathways in both lower eukaryotes and mammalian cells through its involvement in fusion events between endosomes and lysosomes or autophagosomes and lysosomes. However, the differential molecular mechanisms underlying these fusion processes are largely unknown. Buff (bf) is a mouse mutant that carries an Asp251-to-Glu point mutation (D251E) in the VPS33A protein, a tethering protein and a core subunit of the HOPS complex...
2015: Autophagy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26254897/expression-and-subcellular-localization-of-the-qa-snare-syntaxin17-in-human-eosinophils
#13
Lívia A S Carmo, Felipe F Dias, Kássia K Malta, Kátia B Amaral, Revital Shamri, Peter F Weller, Rossana C N Melo
BACKGROUND: SNARE members mediate membrane fusion during intracellular trafficking underlying innate and adaptive immune responses by different cells. However, little is known about the expression and function of these proteins in human eosinophils, cells involved in allergic, inflammatory and immunoregulatory responses. Here, we investigate the expression and distribution of the Qa-SNARE syntaxin17 (STX17) within human eosinophils isolated from the peripheral blood. METHODS: Flow cytometry and a pre-embedding immunonanogold electron microscopy (EM) technique that combines optimal epitope preservation and secondary Fab-fragments of antibodies linked to 1...
October 1, 2015: Experimental Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25945523/atg14-controls-snare-mediated-autophagosome-fusion-with-a-lysosome
#14
Rong Liu, Xiaoyong Zhi, Qing Zhong
Autophagosome fusion with a lysosome constitutes the last barrier for autophagic degradation. It is speculated that this fusion process is precisely and tightly regulated. Recent genetic evidence suggests that a set of SNARE proteins, including STX17, SNAP29, and VAMP8, are essential for the fusion between autophagosomes and lysosomes. However, it remains unclear whether these SNAREs are fusion competent and how their fusogenic activity is specifically regulated during autophagy. Using a combination of biochemical, cell biology, and genetic approaches, we demonstrated that fusogenic activity of the autophagic SNARE complex is temporally and spatially controlled by ATG14/Barkor/Atg14L, an essential autophagy-specific regulator of the class III phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase complex (PtdIns3K)...
2015: Autophagy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25920502/toward-an-understanding-of-autophagosome-lysosome-fusion-the-unsuspected-role-of-atg14
#15
EDITORIAL
Amélie Bernard, Daniel J Klionsky
Although largely overlooked relative to the process of phagophore formation, the mechanism through which autophagosomes fuse with lysosomes is a critical aspect of macroautophagy that is not fully understood. In particular, this step must be carefully regulated to prevent premature fusion of an incomplete autophagosome (that is, a phagophore) with a lysosome, because such an event would not allow access of the partially sequestered cargo to the lysosome lumen. The identification of the autophagosome-associated SNARE protein STX17 (syntaxin 17) provided some clue in the understanding of this process...
April 3, 2015: Autophagy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25686604/atg14-promotes-membrane-tethering-and-fusion-of-autophagosomes-to-endolysosomes
#16
Jiajie Diao, Rong Liu, Yueguang Rong, Minglei Zhao, Jing Zhang, Ying Lai, Qiangjun Zhou, Livia M Wilz, Jianxu Li, Sandro Vivona, Richard A Pfuetzner, Axel T Brunger, Qing Zhong
Autophagy, an important catabolic pathway implicated in a broad spectrum of human diseases, begins by forming double membrane autophagosomes that engulf cytosolic cargo and ends by fusing autophagosomes with lysosomes for degradation. Membrane fusion activity is required for early biogenesis of autophagosomes and late degradation in lysosomes. However, the key regulatory mechanisms of autophagic membrane tethering and fusion remain largely unknown. Here we report that ATG14 (also known as beclin-1-associated autophagy-related key regulator (Barkor) or ATG14L), an essential autophagy-specific regulator of the class III phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase complex, promotes membrane tethering of protein-free liposomes, and enhances hemifusion and full fusion of proteoliposomes reconstituted with the target (t)-SNAREs (soluble N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive factor attachment protein receptors) syntaxin 17 (STX17) and SNAP29, and the vesicle (v)-SNARE VAMP8 (vesicle-associated membrane protein 8)...
April 23, 2015: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25413220/constitutive-activation-of-the-erk-pathway-in-melanoma-and-skin-melanocytes-in-grey-horses
#17
Lin Jiang, Cécile Campagne, Elisabeth Sundström, Pedro Sousa, Saima Imran, Monika Seltenhammer, Gerli Pielberg, Mats J Olsson, Giorgia Egidy, Leif Andersson, Anna Golovko
BACKGROUND: Constitutive activation of the ERK pathway, occurring in the vast majority of melanocytic neoplasms, has a pivotal role in melanoma development. Different mechanisms underlie this activation in different tumour settings. The Grey phenotype in horses, caused by a 4.6 kb duplication in intron 6 of Syntaxin 17 (STX17), is associated with a very high incidence of cutaneous melanoma, but the molecular mechanism behind the melanomagenesis remains unknown. Here, we investigated the involvement of the ERK pathway in melanoma development in Grey horses...
2014: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25209430/vamp8-facilitates-cellular-proliferation-and-temozolomide-resistance-in-human-glioma-cells
#18
Yuanyuan Chen, Delong Meng, Huibo Wang, Ruochuan Sun, Dongrui Wang, Shuai Wang, Jiajun Fan, Yingjie Zhao, Jingkun Wang, Song Yang, Cong Huai, Xiao Song, Rong Qin, Tao Xu, Dapeng Yun, Lingna Hu, Jingmin Yang, Xiaotian Zhang, Haoming Chen, Juxiang Chen, Hongyan Chen, Daru Lu
BACKGROUND: Malignant glioma is a common and lethal primary brain tumor in adults. Here we identified a novel oncoprotein, vesicle-associated membrane protein 8 (VAMP8), and investigated its roles in tumorigenisis and chemoresistance in glioma. METHODS: The expression of gene and protein were determined by quantitative PCR and Western blot, respectively. Histological analysis of 282 glioma samples and 12 normal controls was performed by Pearson's chi-squared test...
March 2015: Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24832445/the-p-value-of-hpiv3-mediated-autophagy-inhibition
#19
COMMENT
Mathias Faure
Autophagy, a vesicular pathway involving the lysosomal degradation of cytosolic contents, is frequently hijacked by intracellular pathogens to optimize their infectivity. In this issue of Cell Host & Microbe, Ding et al. (2014) show that human parainfluenza virus exploits autophagy by targeting SNAREs and preventing the SNAP29-Stx17 interaction, an otherwise crucial event in autophagosome-lysosome fusion.
May 14, 2014: Cell Host & Microbe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24554770/the-hops-complex-mediates-autophagosome-lysosome-fusion-through-interaction-with-syntaxin-17
#20
Peidu Jiang, Taki Nishimura, Yuriko Sakamaki, Eisuke Itakura, Tomohisa Hatta, Tohru Natsume, Noboru Mizushima
Membrane fusion is generally controlled by Rabs, soluble N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive factor attachment protein receptors (SNAREs), and tethering complexes. Syntaxin 17 (STX17) was recently identified as the autophagosomal SNARE required for autophagosome-lysosome fusion in mammals and Drosophila. In this study, to better understand the mechanism of autophagosome-lysosome fusion, we searched for STX17-interacting proteins. Immunoprecipitation and mass spectrometry analysis identified vacuolar protein sorting 33A (VPS33A) and VPS16, which are components of the homotypic fusion and protein sorting (HOPS)-tethering complex...
April 2014: Molecular Biology of the Cell
keyword
keyword
17447
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"