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Food stamps

Patricia Stoddard-Dare, LeaAnne DeRigne, Linda Quinn, Christopher Mallett
Nearly a third of all U.S. workers, primarily lower-paid employees, do not have paid sick leave benefits, prompting some lawmakers to consider mandating paid sick leave for all U.S. employees so workers can access timely health care without lost wages. A representative sample of 19,537 workers in current paid employment was examined, searching for the association between access to paid sick leave benefits and receipt of six different welfare and welfare-related services. After controlling for relevant demographic, work, income, and medical/health care variables, results of the logistic models indicate that, among working adults age 18-64, those without paid sick leave are 1...
February 22, 2018: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
Mina Fazlollahi, Yoojin Chun, Alexander Grishin, Robert A Wood, A Wesley Burks, Peter Dawson, Stacie M Jones, Donald Y M Leung, Hugh A Sampson, Scott H Sicherer, Supinda Bunyavanich
BACKGROUND: Gut microbiota may play a role in egg allergy. We sought to examine the association between early-life gut microbiota and egg allergy. METHODS: We studied 141 children with egg allergy and controls from the multi-center Consortium of Food Allergy Research study. At enrollment (age 3 to 16 months), fecal samples were collected and clinical evaluation, egg specific IgE measurement, and egg skin prick test were performed. Gut microbiome was profiled by 16S rRNA sequencing...
January 10, 2018: Allergy
Sara Vidal, Kristel Kegler, Gilbert Greub, Sebastien Aeby, Nicole Borel, Mark P Dagleish, Horst Posthaus, Vincent Perreten, Sabrina Rodriguez-Campos
BACKGROUND: Coxiella burnetii, Chlamydia abortus and Leptospira spp. are difficult to grow bacteria that play a role in bovine abortion, but their diagnosis is hampered by their obligate intracellular lifestyle (C. burnetii, C. abortus) or their lability (Leptospira spp.). Their importance is based on the contagious spread in food-producing animals, but also as zoonotic agents. In Switzerland, first-line routine bacteriological diagnostics in cattle abortions is regulated by national law and includes only basic screening by staining for C...
December 2, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
Woo Hyung Lee, Changmook Chun, Han Gil Seo, Seung Hak Lee, Byung-Mo Oh
BACKGROUND: Swallowing impairment is a common complication in various geriatric and neurodegenerative diseases. Swallowing kinematic analysis is essential to quantitatively evaluate the swallowing motion of the oropharyngeal structures. This study aims to develop a novel swallowing kinematic analysis software, called spatio-temporal analyzer for motion and physiologic study (STAMPS), and verify its validity and reliability. METHODS: STAMPS was developed in MATLAB, which is one of the most popular platforms for biomedical analysis...
October 17, 2017: Biomedical Engineering Online
Jesse Rothstein, Robert G Valletta
Many Unemployment Insurance (UI) recipients do not find new jobs before exhausting their benefits, even when benefits are extended during recessions. Using Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP) panel data covering the 2001 and 2007 to 2009 recessions and their aftermaths, we identify individuals whose jobless spells outlasted their UI benefits (exhaustees) and examine household income, program participation, and health-related outcomes during the six months following UI exhaustion. For the average exhaustee, the loss of UI benefits is only slightly offset by increased participation in other safety net programs (e...
2017: Journal of Policy Analysis and Management
Krupa Parmar, Nishant Dafale, Rajesh Pal, Hitesh Tikariha, Hemant Purohit
Bacteriophages play significant role in driving microbial diversity; however, little is known about the diversity of phages in different ecosystems. A dynamic predator-prey mechanism called "kill the winner" suggests the elimination of most active bacterial populations through phages. Thus, interaction between phage and host has an effect on the composition of microbial communities in ecosystems. In this study, secondary phage metagenome data from aquatic habitats: wastewater treatment plant (WWTP), fresh, marine, and hot water spring habitat were analyzed using MG-RAST and STAMP tools to explore the diversity of the viruses...
September 19, 2017: Current Microbiology
Sara Salvatierra Virgen, Silvia Guillermina Ceballos-Magaña, Vilma Del Carmen Salvatierra-Stamp, Maria Teresa Sumaya-Martínez, Francisco Javier Martínez-Martínez, Roberto Muñiz-Valencia
In recent years, there has been an increased concern about the presence of toxic compounds derived from the Maillard reaction produced during food cooking at high temperatures. The main toxic compounds derived from this reaction are acrylamide and hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF). The majority of analytical methods require sample treatments using solvents which are highly polluting for the environment. The difficulty of quantifying HMF in complex fried food matrices encourages the development of new analytical methods...
December 2017: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
Andrew W McHill, Andrew Jk Phillips, Charles A Czeisler, Leigh Keating, Karen Yee, Laura K Barger, Marta Garaulet, Frank Ajl Scheer, Elizabeth B Klerman
Background: Weight gain and obesity have reached alarming levels. Eating at a later clock hour is a newly described risk factor for adverse metabolic health; yet, how eating at a later circadian time influences body composition is unknown. Using clock hour to document eating times may be misleading owing to individual differences in circadian timing relative to clock hour. Objective: This study examined the relations between the timing of food consumption relative to clock hour and endogenous circadian time, content of food intake, and body composition...
November 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Milani Patel, Eleanor Bathory, Jenna Scholnick, Tanya White-Davis, Jaeun Choi, Sandra Braganza
Social determinants of health (SDH) significantly affect the health of children and thus, screening is important in pediatric primary care. We assessed the use of a formal social history taking tool after a 2-phase intervention. The first phase (P1) was a teaching module describing SDH and community resources and the second phase (P2) consisted of visual reminders to use the tool. Patient charts (n = 322) were reviewed pre- and postintervention. Residents had higher documentation rates of Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) program use and housing subsidies at post-P1 and at post-P(1 + 2) (WIC, P = ...
September 1, 2017: Clinical Pediatrics
Alexander Postel, Sophia Austermann-Busch, Anja Petrov, Volker Moennig, Paul Becher
Classical swine fever (CSF) represents a major health and trade problem for the pig industry. In endemic countries or those with a wild boar reservoir, CSF remains a priority for Veterinary Services. Surveillance as well as stamping out and/or vaccination are the principle tools of prevention and control, depending on the context. In the past decades, marker vaccines and accompanying diagnostic tests allowing the discrimination of infected from vaccinated animals have been developed. In the European Union, an E2 subunit and a chimeric live vaccine have been licensed and are available for the use in future disease outbreak scenarios...
August 10, 2017: Transboundary and Emerging Diseases
Raj Shree, Aaron B Caughey, Suchitra Chandrasekaran
OBJECTIVES: Preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM) is a major contributor to overall preterm birth (PTB) rates. A short interpregnancy interval (IPI) is a well-known risk factor for PTB. It is unknown if a short IPI specifically affects the risk of developing PPROM in a subsequent pregnancy. We sought to determine the association between IPI and the risk of PPROM in a subsequent pregnancy. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study using the Missouri birth certificate database of singleton births from 2003 to 2013 was conducted...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Işık Perçin, Neslihan Idil, Monireh Bakhshpour, Erkut Yılmaz, Bo Mattiasson, Adil Denizli
Identification of pathogenic microorganisms by traditional methods is slow and cumbersome. Therefore, the focus today is on developing new and quicker analytical methods. In this study, a Surface Plasmon Resonance (SPR) sensor with a microcontact imprinted sensor chip was developed for detecting Salmonella paratyphi. For this purpose, the stamps of the target microorganism were prepared and then, microcontact S. paratyphi-imprinted SPR chips were prepared with the functional monomer N-methacryloyl-L-histidine methyl ester (MAH)...
June 13, 2017: Sensors
Sik-Won Choi, Shin-Hye Kim, Kwang-Sik Lee, Hyeon Jung Kang, Mi Ja Lee, Kie-In Park, Jin Hwan Lee, Ki Do Park, Woo Duck Seo
The number of patients with osteoporosis is increasing worldwide, and a decrease in bone mass is a main risk factor for fracture. The prevention of bone loss is critical for improving the quality of life for patients. However, the long-term use of antiosteoporotic agents is limited due to their side effects. Barley has been traditionally ingested for thousands of years as a safe, natural food with pharmaceutical properties, and its seedling can enhance the biological activity of the medicinal components found in food...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
Ting Zhang, Sören Abel, Pia Abel Zur Wiesch, Jumpei Sasabe, Brigid M Davis, Darren E Higgins, Matthew K Waldor
Listeria monocytogenes is a common food-borne pathogen that can disseminate from the intestine and infect multiple organs. Here, we used sequence tag-based analysis of microbial populations (STAMP) to investigate Lmonocytogenes population dynamics during infection. We created a genetically barcoded library of murinized Lmonocytogenes and then used deep sequencing to track the pathogen's dissemination routes and quantify its founding population (Nb) sizes in different organs. We found that the pathogen disseminates from the gastrointestinal tract to distal sites through multiple independent routes and that Nb sizes vary greatly among tissues, indicative of diverse host barriers to infection...
June 13, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Haiyan Fu, Juanhua Yang, Lin Guo, Jinfang Nie, Qiaobo Yin, Lang Zhang, Yun Zhang
In this article, we describe a facile method named as Rubik's Cube stamping (RCS) for equipment-free fabrication of microfluidic paper-based analytical devices (μPADs). RCS is inspired by the worldwide ubiquitous RC toy and requires no specialized electric equipment other than a classical six-faced RC that is assembled with home-made small iron components. It can pattern various rosin microstructures in paper simply by either using different functional faces of the modified RC or applying its internal pivot mechanism to adjust the components' patterning forms on one functional face...
May 6, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Omid Noorshams, Jamie D Boyd, Timothy H Murphy
BACKGROUND: Operant training systems make use of water or food restriction and make it necessary to weigh animals to ensure compliance with experimental endpoints. In other applications periodic weighing is necessary to assess drug side-effects, or as an endpoint in feeding experiments. Periodic weighing while essential can disrupt animal circadian rhythms and social structure. NEW METHOD: Automatic weighing system within paired mouse homecages. Up to 10 mice freely move between two cages (28×18×9cm) which were connected by a weighing chamber mounted on a load cell...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience Methods
Gareth J Treharne, Aimee C Richardson, Tia Neha, Niamh Fanning, Ronald Janes, Ben Hudson, Andrea Judd, Suzanne Pitama, Lisa K Stamp
OBJECTIVES: Gout typically responds well to medications but adherence might be improved by education that meets individuals' needs in a way that is inclusive of their ethnicity and rurality. The aim of this study was to compare educational preferences of: 1) Māori and New Zealand European (NZEuropean) individuals with gout; and 2) those living in rural or urban areas. METHODS: People with gout managed in primary care were recruited from two rural regions and one city within Aotearoa/New Zealand...
May 2, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
Thomas J Stopka, Michael A Goulart, David J Meyers, Marga Hutcheson, Kerri Barton, Shauna Onofrey, Daniel Church, Ashley Donahue, Kenneth K H Chui
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections have increased during the past decade but little is known about geographic clustering patterns. METHODS: We used a unique analytical approach, combining geographic information systems (GIS), spatial epidemiology, and statistical modeling to identify and characterize HCV hotspots, statistically significant clusters of census tracts with elevated HCV counts and rates. We compiled sociodemographic and HCV surveillance data (n = 99,780 cases) for Massachusetts census tracts (n = 1464) from 2002 to 2013...
April 20, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
Benjamin W Chrisinger
The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP, formerly known as food stamps) is the federal government's largest form of food assistance, and a frequent focus of political and scholarly debate. Previous discourse in the public health community and recent proposals in state legislatures have suggested limiting the use of SNAP benefits on unhealthy food items, such as sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs). This paper identifies two possible underlying motivations for item restriction, health and morals, and analyzes the level of empirical support for claims about the current state of the program, as well as expectations about how item restriction would change participant outcomes...
July 2017: Preventive Medicine
Emma Foster, Adrian Hawkins, Karen L Barton, Elaine Stamp, John N S Matthews, Ashley J Adamson
Traditional dietary assessment methods, used in the UK, such as weighed food diaries impose a large participant burden, often resulting in difficulty recruiting representative samples and underreporting of energy intakes. One approach to reducing the burden placed on the participant is to use portion size assessment tools to obtain an estimate of the amount of food consumed, removing the need to weigh all foods. An age range specific food atlas was developed for use in assessing children's dietary intakes. The foods selected and portion sizes depicted were derived from intakes recorded during the UK National Diet and Nutrition Surveys of children aged 1...
2017: PloS One
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