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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824747/social-contributors-to-glycemic-control-in-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#1
Laura C Colicchia, Kristiina Parviainen, Judy C Chang
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association of social factors with glycemic control in women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). METHODS: A survey instrument assessing social support, access to healthy food, cooking and meal preparation, chaotic lifestyle, employer support, and physical and emotional responses to food was developed and administered to women with GDM at maternal-fetal medicine office visits. Validated scales were used to measure social support and life chaos (defined as organization, instability, and the ability to plan and prepare for the future)...
December 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27723171/does-the-timing-of-food-stamp-distribution-matter-a-panel-data-analysis-of-monthly-purchasing-patterns-of-us-households
#2
Elena Castellari, Chad Cotti, John Gordanier, Orgul Ozturk
In this paper, we examine the relationship between the timing of food stamp receipt and purchasing patterns. We combine data on state distribution dates of food stamps with scanner data on a panel of households purchases tracked between 2004 and 2011. We find that purchases of a variety of goods are meaningfully higher on receipt days, consistent with previous work that suggests that recipients are very impatient. Additionally, and importantly, estimates indicate that when food stamp receipt days fall on weekends, total monthly purchases within the same households are affected...
October 9, 2016: Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27712691/reversing-welfare-reform-immigrant-restoration-efforts-and-food-stamp-receipt-among-mexican-immigrant-families
#3
Stephanie Potochnick
The safety net that immigrants face today differs significantly from the immediate post-Welfare Reform era in terms of eligibility and economic context. To inform debates on immigrant access to the safety net, this paper examines implications of the 2002 Farm Security and Rural Investment Act, which restored food stamp eligibility to nearly two-thirds of immigrants who lost eligibility under Welfare Reform. Using data from the 1995-2013 Current Population Survey and a difference-in-difference design, I examine how restoration efforts have influenced food stamp participation and food insecurity rates among low-income Mexican immigrant households with children...
November 2016: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27697316/time-driven-activity-based-costing-to-identify-opportunities-for-cost-reduction-in-pediatric-appendectomy
#4
Yangyang R Yu, Paulette I Abbas, Carolyn M Smith, Kathleen E Carberry, Hui Ren, Binita Patel, Jed G Nuchtern, Monica E Lopez
PURPOSE: As reimbursement programs shift to value-based payment models emphasizing quality and efficient healthcare delivery, there exists a need to better understand process management to unearth true costs of patient care. We sought to identify cost-reduction opportunities in simple appendicitis management by applying a time-driven activity-based costing (TDABC) methodology to this high-volume surgical condition. METHODS: Process maps were created using medical record time stamps...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27688993/participation-in-the-special-supplemental-nutrition-program-for-women-infants-and-children-is-not-associated-with-early-childhood-socioemotional-development-results-from-a-longitudinal-cohort-study
#5
Abigail Arons, Corneliu Bolbocean, Nicole R Bush, Frances A Tylavsky, Kaja Z LeWinn
Socioemotional development in early childhood has long-term impacts on health status and social outcomes, and racial and socioeconomic disparities in socioemotional skills emerge early in life. The Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) is an early childhood nutrition intervention with the potential to ameliorate these disparities. Our objective was to assess the impact of WIC on early socioemotional development in a longitudinal study. We examined the association between WIC participation and scores on the Brief Infant Toddler Social Emotional Assessment (BITSEA) in 327 predominantly African American mother-child dyads who were participants in the longitudinal Conditions Affecting Neurocognitive Development in Early Life (CANDLE) Study (Memphis, TN)...
December 2016: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27395052/tremor12-an-open-source-mobile-app-for-tremor-quantification
#6
Pieter L Kubben, Mark L Kuijf, Linda P C M Ackermans, Albert F G Leentjes, Yasin Temel
BACKGROUND: Evaluating the effect of treatment of tremor is mostly performed with clinical rating scales. Mobile applications facilitate a more rapid, objective, and quantitative evaluation of treatment effect. Existing mobile apps do not offer raw data access, which limits algorithm development. OBJECTIVE: To develop a novel open-source mobile app for tremor quantification. METHODS: TREMOR12 is an open-source mobile app that samples acceleration, rotation, rotation speed, and gravity, each in 3 axes and time-stamped in a frequency up to 100 Hz...
2016: Stereotactic and Functional Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27373862/motives-underlying-food-choice-for-children-and-perception-of-nutritional-information-among-low-income-mothers-in-a-latin-american-country
#7
Leandro Machín, Ana Giménez, María Rosa Curutchet, Joseline Martínez, Gastón Ares
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to investigate the influence of nutritional information on how low-income mothers select food for their children. DESIGN: Five focus groups, each consisting of 5-10 participants, were conducted. PARTICIPANTS: Women, older than 18 years, mothers of young children who were beneficiaries of one of the national food stamps programs in Uruguay. PHENOMENON OF INTEREST: Focus group discussions were held around motives underlying food choices for children and perception of labeling systems...
July 2016: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27292825/early-life-gut-microbiome-composition-and-milk-allergy-resolution
#8
Supinda Bunyavanich, Nan Shen, Alexander Grishin, Robert Wood, Wesley Burks, Peter Dawson, Stacie M Jones, Donald Y M Leung, Hugh Sampson, Scott Sicherer, Jose C Clemente
BACKGROUND: Gut microbiota may play a role in the natural history of cow's milk allergy. OBJECTIVE: We sought to examine the association between early-life gut microbiota and the resolution of cow's milk allergy. METHODS: We studied 226 children with milk allergy who were enrolled at infancy in the Consortium of Food Allergy observational study of food allergy. Fecal samples were collected at age 3 to 16 months, and the children were followed longitudinally with clinical evaluation, milk-specific IgE levels, and milk skin prick test performed at enrollment, 6 months, 12 months, and yearly thereafter up until age 8 years...
October 2016: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27199943/inspection-score-and-grading-system-for-food-services-in-brazil-the-results-of-a-food-safety-strategy-to-reduce-the-risk-of-foodborne-diseases-during-the-2014-fifa-world-cup
#9
Diogo T da Cunha, Ana L de Freitas Saccol, Eduardo C Tondo, Ana B A de Oliveira, Veronica C Ginani, Carolina V Araújo, Thalita A S Lima, Angela K F de Castro, Elke Stedefeldt
In 2014, Brazil hosted one of the most popular sport competitions in the world, the FIFA World Cup. Concerned about the intense migration of tourists, the Brazilian government decided to deploy a food safety strategy based on inspection scores and a grading system applied to food services. The present study aimed to evaluate the results of the food safety strategy deployed during the 2014 FIFA World Cup in Brazil. To assess food safety, an evaluation instrument was applied twice in 1927 food service establishments from 26 cities before the start of the competition...
2016: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27198157/understanding-food-insecurity-in-the-usa-and-canada-potential-insights-for-europe
#10
Craig Gundersen
Food insecurity is a leading nutrition-related health care issue in the USA due to the magnitude of the problem (almost 50 million Americans are food insecure) and its association with a wide array of negative health and other outcomes. Alongside this interest in the USA, there has also been growing interest in Canada. In contrast, food insecurity has received less attention in Europe. Nevertheless, there is both direct and indirect evidence that food insecurity and its attendant consequences are present in Europe...
2016: World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27174641/family-partnership-and-education-interventions-to-reduce-dietary-sodium-by-patients-with-heart-failure-differ-by-family-functioning
#11
Sandra B Dunbar, Patricia C Clark, Kelly D Stamp, Carolyn M Reilly, Rebecca A Gary, Melinda Higgins, Nadine Kaslow
OBJECTIVES: Determine if family functioning influences response to family-focused interventions aimed at reducing dietary sodium by heart failure (HF) patients. BACKGROUND: Lowering dietary sodium by HF patients often occurs within the home and family context. METHODS: Secondary analysis of 117 dyads randomized to patient and family education (PFE), family partnership intervention (FPI) or usual care (UC). Dietary sodium measures were obtained from 3-day food record and 24-h urine samples...
July 2016: Heart & Lung: the Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27045942/unravelling-the-effect-of-clostridia-spores-and-lysozyme-on-microbiota-dynamics-in-grana-padano-cheese-a-metaproteomics-approach
#12
Alessio Soggiu, Cristian Piras, Stefano Levi Mortera, Isabella Alloggio, Andrea Urbani, Luigi Bonizzi, Paola Roncada
UNLABELLED: Grana Padano is a typical Italian Protected Designation of Origin (PDO) hard cheese largely consumed all over the world. The major problem during its production is represented by late blowing. Clostridia are gasogen bacteria responsible of the swelling during ripening, and they are partially counteracted by the use of egg white lysozyme as additive. In this work was applied, for the first time in cheese, a metaproteomic approach that identified the functional dynamics of microbial consortia in relation to the number of clostridial spores and lysozyme treatment using experimental samples of Grana Padano cheese...
September 16, 2016: Journal of Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27045462/examining-effects-of-food-insecurity-and-food-choices-on-health-outcomes-in-households-in-poverty
#13
Margaret Lombe, Von Eugene Nebbitt, Aakanksha Sinha, Andrew Reynolds
Evidence documenting effects of food assistance programs, household food insecurity, and nutrition knowledge on health outcomes is building. Using data from a sub-sample of adults who are 185% of the poverty line from the 2007-2008 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (N = 2,171), we examine whether household food insecurity, food stamp take-up, and use of informal food supports are associated with health risk among low-income households. Findings indicate that while nutrition knowledge provides protection against health risk in food secure households, the health benefits of nutrition knowledge were not evident in food insecure households...
July 2016: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27044709/boosting-low-income-children-s-opportunities-to-succeed-through-direct-income-support
#14
Arloc Sherman, Brandon DeBot, Chye-Ching Huang
Direct income supports have long been known to substantially reduce the extent and depth of poverty. Evidence suggests that they can also bolster children's opportunities to succeed and enhance long-term mobility. A growing body of research, for example, links income from 2 related tax credits for working families-the Earned Income Tax Credit and the Child Tax Credit-to benefits for children in those families, such as improved birth weight, better school outcomes, and increased rates of employment in adulthood...
April 2016: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27044701/child-poverty-definition-and-measurement
#15
Kathleen S Short
This article provides a discussion of what we mean when we refer to 'child poverty.' Many images come to mind when we discuss child poverty, but when we try to measure and quantify the extent of child poverty, we often use a very narrow concept. In this article a variety of poverty measures that are used in the United States are described and some of the differences between those measures are illustrated. In this article 3 measures are explored in detail: a relative measure of poverty that is used more often in an international context, the official US poverty measure, and a new supplemental poverty measure (SPM)...
April 2016: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27038185/the-impact-of-us-government-assistance-on-recidivism
#16
Julie S Costopoulos, Amy M Plewinski, Patricia L Monaghan, Vanessa A Edkins
BACKGROUND: Community re-entry from custody programmes facilitate access to community resources, such as cash assistance and food stamps, with the aim of reducing criminal recidivism. Evidence that these programmes achieve is mainly from longer-term prisoners rather than short-term jail inmates. AIM: The aim of the study is to test the hypothesis that facilitating access to community resources while still in jail would reduce re-arrest rates among former jail inmates in the USA...
April 1, 2016: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27027454/-inequities-in-access-to-food-stamps-and-meal-vouchers-in-brazil-an-analysis-of-the-brazilian-household-budgets-survey-2008-2009
#17
Daniela Silva Canella, Ana Paula Bortoletto Martins, Daniel Henrique Bandoni
Food stamps and meal vouchers can determine workers' dietary choices. The study aimed to assess the coverage of these benefits in Brazil and their distribution according to the beneficiaries' socio-demographic and regional characteristics, using data from the Brazilian Household Budgets Survey, 2008-2009. Eligibility criteria were having an occupation and a private or government job, including domestic or temporary work in rural areas. Only 3.2% of eligible individuals reported receiving such benefits. Highest coverage rates were verified with the Southeast region, urban areas, male gender, employment in the private sector, and monthly earnings > five times the minimum wage...
March 2016: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26740618/monitoring-chicken-flock-behaviour-provides-early-warning-of-infection-by-human-pathogen-campylobacter
#18
Frances M Colles, Russell J Cain, Thomas Nickson, Adrian L Smith, Stephen J Roberts, Martin C J Maiden, Daniel Lunn, Marian Stamp Dawkins
Campylobacter is the commonest bacterial cause of gastrointestinal infection in humans, and chicken meat is the major source of infection throughout the world. Strict and expensive on-farm biosecurity measures have been largely unsuccessful in controlling infection and are hampered by the time needed to analyse faecal samples, with the result that Campylobacter status is often known only after a flock has been processed. Our data demonstrate an alternative approach that monitors the behaviour of live chickens with cameras and analyses the 'optical flow' patterns made by flock movements...
January 13, 2016: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26286027/positive-association-of-tomato-consumption-with-serum-urate-support-for-tomato-consumption-as-an-anecdotal-trigger-of-gout-flares
#19
Tanya J Flynn, Murray Cadzow, Nicola Dalbeth, Peter B Jones, Lisa K Stamp, Jennie Harré Hindmarsh, Alwyn S Todd, Robert J Walker, Ruth Topless, Tony R Merriman
BACKGROUND: Gout is a consequence of an innate immune reaction to monosodium urate crystals deposited in joints. Acute gout attacks can be triggered by dietary factors that are themselves associated with serum urate levels. Tomato consumption is an anecdotal trigger of gout flares. This study aimed to measure the frequency of tomato consumption as a self-reported trigger of gout attacks in a large New Zealand sample set, and to test the hypothesis that tomato consumption is associated with serum urate levels...
2015: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26278477/prevalence-and-covariates-of-food-insecurity-among-residents-of-single-room-occupancy-housing-in-chicago-il-usa
#20
Elizabeth A Bowen, Sarah K Bowen, Anamika Barman-Adhikari
OBJECTIVE: Emerging evidence suggests that food insecurity is a significant public health concern among people who are homeless or marginally housed. The present study assessed prevalence of food insecurity and its covariates among a group of marginally housed individuals living in single-room occupancy (SRO) dwellings, a population for which there is little extant health or nutrition research. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey incorporating the Household Food Insecurity Access Scale...
April 2016: Public Health Nutrition
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