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Implant corrosion

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315814/a-closer-look-at-the-in-vitro-electrochemical-characterisation-of-titanium-alloys-for-biomedical-applications-using-in-situ-methods
#1
J-L Wang, R L Liu, T Majumdar, S A Mantri, V A Ravi, R Banerjee, N Birbilis
Titanium (Ti) and its alloys are widely used in several biomedical applications, particularly as permanent orthopaedic implants. Electrochemical testing provides a means to perform accelerated corrosion testing, however whilst results from polarisation testing for Ti and its alloys to date have been generally useful, they are also rather limited on the basis of several reasons. One reason is that the polarisation curves for Ti and its alloys in simulated body fluids all appear rather similar, and they do not present a classical 'breakdown' or pitting potential, making discrimination between alloys difficult...
March 15, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315492/long-term-in-vivo-corrosion-behavior-biocompatibility-and-bioresorption-mechanism-of-a-bioresorbable-nitrided-iron-scaffold
#2
Wenjiao Lin, Li Qin, Haiping Qi, Deyuan Zhang, Gui Zhang, Runlin Gao, Hong Qiu, Ying Xia, Ping Cao, Xiang Wang, Wei Zheng
Pure iron as a potential bioresorbable material for bioresorbable coronary scaffold has major disadvantages of slow corrosion and bioresorption. However, so far, there are neither quantitative data of long-term in vivo corrosion nor direct experimental evidence for bioresorption of pure iron and its alloys, which are fundamental and vital for developing novel Fe-based alloys overcoming the intrinsic drawbacks of pure iron. This work systemically investigated scaffold performance, long-term in vivo corrosion behavior and biocompatibility of a nitrided iron coronary scaffold and explored its bioresorption mechanism...
March 14, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302488/protective-effects-of-zn-2-against-cobalt-nanoparticles-and-cobalt-chloride-induced-cytotoxicity-of-raw-264-7cells-via-ros-pathway
#3
Hai Zhu, Yake Liu, Hongxiang Hong, Wei Wang, Fan Liu
Recent concerns have emerged surrounding the toxicity that cobalt may represent when used in MOM implants. Owing to corrosion and wear of MOM implants, the subsequent released cobalt nanoparticles (CoNPs) or Co ions (Co(2+)) can cause adverse reactions, such as the generation of pseudotumors, extensive necrosis, early osteolysis, and implants failure. The present study confirmed that CoNPs and Co(2+) can induce dose- and time-dependent cytotoxicity with increasing reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels. Additionally, using metallothionein (MT), a heavy metal-binding protein, the present study assessed the protective effects of Zn(2+) against CoNPs and Co(2+)-induced cytotoxicity of RAW 264...
March 14, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282634/in-situ-preparation-of-scholzite-conversion-coatings-on-titanium-and-ti-6al-4v-for-biomedical-applications
#4
Bing Liu, Xiao-Ming Shi, Gui-Yong Xiao, Yu-Peng Lu
A scholzite (CaZn2(PO4)2·2H2O) coating was prepared in situ on commercially pure titanium (cpTi) and Ti-6Al-4V (Ti64) substrates using the chemical conversion technology, and its phase composition and microstructure, as well as mechanical, chemical and biological properties were investigated to explore potential applications as a bioactive coating on bone implants. It is indicated that the coating consists mainly of monoclinic scholzite crystals with nano-thick laminar morphology. The crystals on cpTi aggregate to flower-like particles with the diameter of 5-10μm, while form a network structure homogeneously on Ti64...
March 6, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276196/preparation-and-characterization-of-alloys-of-the-ti-15mo-nb-system-for-biomedical-applications
#5
J R S Martins Júnior, A A Matos, R C Oliveira, M A R Buzalaf, I Costa, L A Rocha, C R Grandini
In the development of new metallic biomaterials, the Ti-15Mo alloy has great prominence because of its excellent corrosion resistance and good combination of mechanical properties. In this study, the element niobium was added to the Ti-15Mo alloy, forming the Ti-15Mo-Nb system for the purpose of improving their properties and promoting its application as a biomaterial. These alloys are very promising to use as biomedical implants, because they integrate a new class of titanium alloys without the presence of aluminum and vanadium, which may cause cytotoxic effects...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part B, Applied Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276193/assessment-of-corrosion-in-retrieved-spine-implants
#6
V C Panagiotopoulou, H S Hothi, H A Anwar, S Molloy, H Noordeen, K Rezajooi, J Sutcliffe, J A Skinner, A J Hart
Recently the use of dissimilar metals in spine instrumentation has increased, especially in the case of adult deformities, where rods made from Cobalt Chrome alloys (CoCr) are used with Titanium (Ti) screws. The use of dissimilar metals increases the risk of galvanic corrosion and patients have required revision spine surgery due to severe metallosis that may have been caused by corrosion. We aimed to assess the presence of corrosion in spine implant retrievals from constructs with two types of material combinations: similar (Ti/Ti) and dissimilar (CoCr/Ti)...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part B, Applied Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274193/a-peptide-based-biological-coating-for-enhanced-corrosion-resistance-of-titanium-alloy-biomaterials-in-chloride-containing-fluids
#7
Noah Muruve, Yuanchao Feng, Jaye Platnich, Daniel Hassett, Randall Irvin, Daniel Muruve, Frank Cheng
Titanium alloys are common materials in the manufacturing of dental and orthopedic implants. Although these materials exhibit excellent biocompatibility, corrosion in response to biological fluids can impact prosthesis performance and longevity. In this work, a PEGylated metal binding peptide (D-K122-4-PEG), derived from bacteria Pseudomonas aeruginosa, was applied on a titanium (Ti) alloy, and the corrosion resistance of the coated alloy specimen was investigated in simulated chloride-containing physiological fluids by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy and micro-electrochemical measurements, surface characterization, and biocompatibility testing...
March 2017: Journal of Biomaterials Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272784/stable-titania-nanostructures-on-stainless-steel-coronary-stent-surface-for-enhanced-corrosion-resistance-and-endothelialization
#8
Chandini C Mohan, Aleena Mary Cherian, Sujish Kurup, John Joseph, Manitha B Nair, Maniyal Vijayakumar, Shantikumar V Nair, Deepthy Menon
Stainless steel (SS) coronary stents continue to present risk of in-stent restenosis that impact its long term safety and efficacy. The present work focuses on developing a drug-free and polymer-less surface on coronary stents by utilizing a titania (TiO2 ) nanotexturing approach through hydrothermal processing, that will offer improved stent performance in vivo. Mechanically stable and durable nanotextured coatings are obtained on SS stents that also offer good corrosion resistance. In vitro vascular cell (endothelial and smooth muscle cells) studies on surface modified SS show preferential rapid endothelialization with enhanced nitric oxide production and reduce smooth muscle cell proliferation, in comparison to unmodified SS...
March 8, 2017: Advanced Healthcare Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262451/retrieval-analysis-of-neck-stem-coupling-in-modular-hip-prostheses
#9
Sherwin L Su, Chelsea N Koch, Thu M Nguyen, Jayme C Burket, Timothy M Wright, Geoffrey H Westrich
BACKGROUND: Dual-taper modular stems have suffered from high revision rates caused by adverse local tissue reactions secondary to fretting and corrosion. We compared the fretting and corrosion behavior of a group of modular neck designs to that of a design that had been recalled for risks associated with fretting and corrosion at the modular neck junction. METHODS: We previously analyzed fretting and corrosion on 60 retrieved Rejuvenate modular neck-stem implants...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254324/modification-of-ti6al4v-implant-surfaces-by-biocompatible-tio2-pcl-hybrid-layers-prepared-via-sol-gel-dip-coating-structural-characterization-mechanical-and-corrosion-behavior
#10
Michelina Catauro, Flavia Bollino, Roberto Giovanardi, Paolo Veronesi
Surface modification of metallic implants is a promising strategy to improve tissue tolerance, osseointegration and corrosion resistance of them. In the present work, bioactive and biocompatible organic-inorganic hybrid coatings were prepared using a sol-gel dip coating route. They consist of an inorganic TiO2 matrix in which different percentages of poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL), a biodegradable and biocompatible polymer, were incorporated. The coatings were used to modify the surface of Ti6Al4V substrates in order to improve their wear and corrosion resistance...
May 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251395/microstructure-and-corrosion-behavior-of-laser-surface-treated-az31b-mg-bio-implant-material
#11
Tso-Chang Wu, Yee-Hsien Ho, Sameehan S Joshi, Ravi S Rajamure, Narendra B Dahotre
Although magnesium and magnesium alloys are considered biocompatible and biodegradable, they suffer from poor corrosion performance in the human body environment. In light of this, surface modification via rapid surface melting of AZ31B Mg alloy using a continuous-wave Nd:YAG laser was conducted. Laser processing was performed with laser energy ranging from 1.06 to 3.18 J/mm(2). The corrosion behavior in simulated body fluid of laser surface-treated and untreated AZ31B Mg alloy samples was evaluated using electrochemical technique...
March 2, 2017: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247484/the-involvement-of-coordinative-interactions-in-the-binding-of-dihydrolipoamide-dehydrogenase-to-titanium-dioxide-localization-of-a-putative-binding-site
#12
Avraham Dayan, Gilad Babin, Assaf Ganoth, Nivin Samir Kayouf, Neta Nitoker Eliaz, Srijana Mukkala, Yossi Tsfadia, Gideon Fleminger
Titanium (Ti) and its alloys are widely used in orthodontic and orthopedic implants by virtue to their high biocompatibility, mechanical strength, and high resistance to corrosion. Biointegration of the implants with the tissue requires strong interactions, which involve biological molecules, proteins in particular, with metal oxide surfaces. An exocellular high-affinity titanium dioxide (TiO2 )-binding protein (TiBP), purified from Rhodococcus ruber, has been previously studied in our lab. This protein was shown to be homologous with the orthologous cytoplasmic rhodococcal dihydrolipoamide dehydrogenase (rhDLDH)...
February 28, 2017: Journal of Molecular Recognition: JMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244328/facile-preparation-of-poly-lactic-acid-brushite-bilayer-coating-on-biodegradable-magnesium-alloys-with-multiple-functionalities-for-orthopedic-application
#13
Lei Zhang, Jia Pei, Haodong Wang, Yongjuan Shi, Jialin Niu, Feng Yuan, Hua Huang, Hua Zhang, Guangyin Yuan
Recently magnesium and its alloys have been proposed as a promising next generation orthopedic implant material, whereas the poor corrosion behavior, potential cytotoxicity, and the lack of efficient drug delivery system have limited its further clinical application, especially for the local treatment of infections or musculoskeletal disorders and diseases. In this study, we designed and developed a multifunctional bilayer composite coating of poly(lactic acid)/brushite with high interfacial bonding strength on a Mg-Nd-Zn-Zr alloy, aiming to improve the biocorrosion resistance and biocompatibility of the magnesium-based substrate, as well as to further incorporate the biofunctionality of localized drug delivery...
March 22, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238010/verification-of-implant-surface-modification-by-a-novel-processing-method
#14
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Yoshiki Okada, Nobuhiro Abe, Noriyuki Hisamori, Toshiaki Kaneeda, Shigeaki Moriyama, Hitoshi Ohmori, Masayoshi Mizutani, Hiroyuki Yanai, Yoshio Nakashima, Yusuke Yokoyama, Toshifumi Ozaki
Metals have been used clinically as biomaterials, especially in the orthopaedic and dental fields. Metals used as implants wear at contact surfaces, producing metal particles and metal ions that may be harmful. Newly developed metal implants and methods of implant surface modification are currently under scrutiny. We evaluated the use of electrolytic in-process dressing (ELID) as a surface finishing method for metal implants. Metal implants processed using the ELID method (ELID group) or not processed (Non-ELID group) were inserted surgically into rabbit femurs...
February 2017: Acta Medica Okayama
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216843/in-vitro-evaluation-of-cytotoxicity-and-corrosion-behavior-of-commercially-pure-titanium-and-ti-6al-4v-alloy-for-dental-implants
#15
Sanchitha Chandar, Ravindra Kotian, Prashanthi Madhyastha, Shama Prasada Kabekkodu, Padmalatha Rao
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the cytotoxicity in human gingival fibroblast by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay and corrosion behavior by potentiodynamic polarization technique of commercially pure titanium (Ti 12) and its alloy Ti-6Al-4V (Ti 31). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In the present in vitro study, cytotoxicity of Ti 12 and Ti 31 in human gingival fibroblast by MTT assay and the corrosion behavior by potentiodynamic polarization technique in aqueous solutions of 0...
January 2017: Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197988/in-vivo-and-in-vitro-degradation-comparison-of-pure-mg-mg-10gd-and-mg-2ag-a-short-term-study
#16
I Marco, A Myrissa, E Martinelli, F Feyerabend, R Willumeit-Römer, A M Weinberg, O Van der Biest
The purpose of this study was to compare short term in vitro and in vivo biodegradation studies with low purity Mg (> 99.94 %), Mg-10Gd and Mg-2Ag designed for biodegradable implant applications. Three in vitro testing conditions were applied, using (i) phosphate buffered saline (PBS), (ii) Hank's balanced salt solution (HBSS) and (iii) Dulbecco's modified eagle medium (DMEM) in 5 % CO2 under sterile conditions. Gas evolution and mass loss (ML) were assessed, as well as the degradation layer, by elemental mapping and scanning electron microscopy (SEM)...
February 13, 2017: European Cells & Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183676/tizrnbtamo-high-entropy-alloy-designed-for-orthopedic-implants-as-cast-microstructure-and-mechanical-properties
#17
Shao-Ping Wang, Jian Xu
Combining the high-entropy alloy (HEA) concept with property requirement for orthopedic implants, we designed a Ti20Zr20Nb20Ta20Mo20 equiatomic HEA. The arc-melted microstructures, compressive properties and potentiodynamic polarization behavior in phosphate buffer solution (PBS) were studied in detail. It was revealed that the as-cast TiZrNbTaMo HEA consisted of dual phases with bcc structure, major bcc1 and minor bcc2 phases with the lattice parameters of 0.3310nm and 0.3379nm, respectively. As confirmed by nanoindentation tests, the bcc1 phase is somewhat harder and stiffer than the bcc2 phase...
April 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183674/albumin-coatings-by-alternating-current-electrophoretic-deposition-for-improving-corrosion-resistance-and-bioactivity-of-titanium-implants
#18
Sarah Höhn, Annabel Braem, Bram Neirinck, Sannakaisa Virtanen
Although Ti alloys are generally regarded to be highly corrosion resistant, inflammatory conditions following surgery can instigate breakdown of the TiO2 passivation layer leading to an increased metal ion release. Furthermore proteins present in the surrounding tissue will readily adsorb on a titanium surface after implantation. In this paper alternating current electrophoretic deposition (AC-EPD) of bovine serum albumin (BSA) on Ti6Al4V was investigated in order to increase the corrosion resistance and control the protein adsorption capability of the implant surface...
April 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183670/influence-of-different-grained-powders-and-pellets-made-of-niobium-and-ti-42nb-on-human-cell-viability
#19
Jana Markhoff, Markus Weinmann, Christian Schulze, Rainer Bader
Nowadays, biomaterials can be used to maintain or replace several functions of the human body if necessary. Titanium and its alloys, i.e. Ti6Al4V are the most common materials (70 to 80%) used for structural orthopedic implants due to their unique combination of good mechanical properties, corrosion resistance and biocompatibility. Addition of β-stabilizers, e.g. niobium, can improve the mechanical properties of such titanium alloys further, simultaneously offering excellent biocompatibility. In this in vitro study, human osteoblasts and fibroblasts were cultured on different niobium specimens (Nb Amperit, Nb Ampertec), Nb sheets and Ti-42Nb (sintered and 3D-printed by selective laser melting, SLM) and compared with forged Ti6Al4V specimens...
April 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183601/fabrication-of-biodegradable-zn-al-mg-alloy-mechanical-properties-corrosion-behavior-cytotoxicity-and-antibacterial-activities
#20
H R Bakhsheshi-Rad, E Hamzah, H T Low, M Kasiri-Asgarani, S Farahany, E Akbari, M H Cho
In this work, binary Zn-0.5Al and ternary Zn-0.5Al-xMg alloys with various Mg contents were investigated as biodegradable materials for implant applications. Compared with Zn-0.5Al (single phase), Zn-0.5Al-xMg alloys consisted of the α-Zn and Mg2(Zn, Al)11 with a fine lamellar structure. The results also revealed that ternary Zn-Al-Mg alloys presented higher micro-hardness value, tensile strength and corrosion resistance compared to the binary Zn-Al alloy. In addition, the tensile strength and corrosion resistance increased with increasing the Mg content in ternary alloys...
April 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
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