keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Bearing surfaces

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324994/co-activation-periods-of-gastrocnemius-and-vastus-lateralis-during-walking-evaluated-by-surface-electromyography
#1
Alessandro Mengarelli, Annachiara Strazza, Agnese Sbrollini, Angela Agostinelli, Laura Burattini, Sandro Fioretti, Francesco Di Nardo
"In vivo" studies reported that the co-activation of gastrocnemius and quadriceps femoris (QF) muscles produces ACL strain values greater than those caused by an isolated activation of either muscle. Aim of this study was to assess the co-activation of gastrocnemius (lateral head, GL) and vastus lateralis (VL) in healthy and young adults during walking. To this purpose the Statistical Gait Analysis was performed, that allows a characterization of gait considering hundreds of strides belonging to the same walking trial...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324242/numerical-insights-into-the-phase-diagram-of-p-atic-membranes-with-spherical-topology
#2
A G Hansen, N Ramakrishnan, P B Sunil Kumar, J H Ipsen
The properties of self-avoiding p-atic membranes restricted to spherical topology have been studied by Monte Carlo simulations of a triangulated random surface model. Spherically shaped p-atic membranes undergo a Kosterlitz-Thouless transition as expected with topology induced mutually repelling disclinations of the p-atic ordered phase. For flexible membranes the phase behaviour bears some resemblance to the spherically shaped case with a p-atic disordered crumpled phase and p-atic ordered, conformationally ordered (crinkled) phase separated by a KT-like transition with proliferation of disclinations...
March 2017: European Physical Journal. E, Soft Matter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323404/electrophoretic-approach-for-the-simultaneous-deposition-and-functionalization-of-reduced-graphene-oxide-nanosheets-with-diazonium-compounds-application-for-sensing-in-serum
#3
Qian Wang, Alina Mihaela Vasilescu, Qi Wang, Yannick Coffinier, Musen Li, Rabah Boukherroub, Sabine Szunerits
Electrophoretic deposition (EPD) of reduced graphene oxide nanosheets (rGO) offers several advantages over other surface coating approaches, including process simplicity, uniformity of the deposited films and good control of the film thickness. The EPD conditions might also be of interest for the reduction of diazonium salts, which upon the release of N2 molecules and generation of radicals, can form covalent bonds with the sp2 hybridized carbon lattice atoms of rGO films. In this work, we report on the coating of gold electrodes in one-step with rGO/polyethyleneimine (PEI) thin films and their simultaneous modification using different phenyl (Ph) diazonium salt precursors bearing various functionalities such as -B(OH)2, -COOH and -C≡CH...
March 21, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316350/peek-and-cfr-peek-as-alternative-bearing-materials-to-uhmwpe-in-a-fixed-bearing-total-knee-replacement-an-experimental-wear-study
#4
Claire L Brockett, Silvia Carbone, John Fisher, Louise M Jennings
New bearing materials for total joint replacement have been explored as the need to improve longevity and enhance performance is driven by the changing demands of the patient demographic. Carbon-reinforced PEEK has demonstrated good wear characteristics in experimental wear simulation in both simple geometry pin-on-plate studies and in total hip joint replacement. Carbon reinforced PEEK CFR-PEEK has the potential to reduce tibial insert thickness and preserve bone in the knee. This study investigated the wear performance of PEEK and CFR-PEEK in a low conformity total knee replacement configuration...
March 15, 2017: Wear: An International Journal on the Science and Technology of Friction Lubrication and Wear
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315820/evaluating-differential-nuclear-dna-yield-rates-and-osteocyte-numbers-among-human-bone-tissue-types-a-synchrotron-radiation-micro-ct-approach
#5
Janna M Andronowski, Amy Z Mundorff, Isaac V Pratt, Jon M Davoren, David M L Cooper
Molecular human identification has conventionally focused on DNA sampling from dense, weight-bearing cortical bone tissue, typically from femora or tibiae. A comparison of skeletal elements from three contemporary individuals demonstrated that elements with high quantities of cancellous bone yielded nuclear DNA at the highest rates, suggesting that preferentially sampling cortical bone may be suboptimal (Mundorff & Davoren, 2014). Despite these findings, the reason for the differential DNA yields between cortical and cancellous bone tissues remains unknown...
March 6, 2017: Forensic Science International. Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315770/biophysics-and-protein-corona-analysis-of-janus-cyclodextrin-dna-nanocomplexes-efficient-cellular-transfection-on-cancer-cells
#6
M Martínez-Negro, G Caracciolo, S Palchetti, D Pozzi, A L Capriotti, C Cavaliere, A Laganà, C Ortiz Mellet, J M Benito, J M García Fernández, E Aicart, E Junquera
The self-assembling processes underlining the capabilities of facially differentiated ("Janus") polycationic amphiphilic cyclodextrins (paCDs) as non-viral gene nanocarriers have been investigated by a pluridisciplinary approach. Three representative Janus paCDs bearing a common tetradecahexanoyl multitail domain at the secondary face and differing in the topology of the cluster of amino groups at the primary side were selected for this study. All of them compact pEGFP-C3 plasmid DNA and promote transfection in HeLa and MCF-7 cells, both in absence and in presence of human serum...
March 15, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315517/removal-of-large-foreign-bodies-made-of-thermoplastic-material-from-the-eye
#7
Georgiy Stolyarenko, Dzhasser Doroshenko, Victor Salakhutdinov, Yuri Smetanin
PURPOSE: To present the results of research aimed at developing a new method of minimally invasive removal of an intraocular foreign body (IOFB) from the eye cavity. METHODS: The main idea was to fix the IOFB onto the edge of a laser probe, which is transsclerally injected into the eye. After that, the IOFB is fixed at the end of the laser probe and removed transpupillary from the eye through an incision in the cornea. In order to fix the IOFB on the laser probe edge, this edge should be brought closely to the IOFB surface...
March 18, 2017: European Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300566/biophysical-basis-of-cadherin-mediated-cell-cell-adhesion
#8
REVIEW
Andrew Vae Priest, Omer Shafraz, Sanjeevi Sivasankar
Classical cadherin transmembrane cell-cell adhesion proteins play essential roles in tissue morphogenesis and in mediating tissue integrity. Cadherin ectodomains from opposing cells interact to form load-bearing trans dimers that mechanically couple cells. Cell-cell adhesion is believed to be strengthened by cis clustering of cadherins on the same cell surface. This review summarizes biophysical studies of the structure, interaction kinetics and biomechanics of classical cadherin ectodomains. We first discuss the structure and equilibrium binding kinetics of classical cadherin trans and cis dimers...
March 12, 2017: Experimental Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299491/effects-of-androgen-receptor-mutation-on-testicular-histopathology-of-patient-having-complete-androgen-insensitivity
#9
Ihtisham Bukhari, Guangyuan Li, Liu Wang, Furhan Iqbal, Huan Zhang, Jiansheng Zhu, Hui Liu, Xiangdong Fang, Nasser M Al-Daghri, Howard J Cooke, Yuanwei Zhang, Xiaohua Jiang
Androgens are required for normal male sex differentiation and development of male secondary sexual characteristics. Mutations in AR gene are known to cause defects in male sexual differentiation. In current study, we enrolled a 46,XY phenotypically female patient bearing testes in inguinal canal. DNA sequencing of the AR gene detected a missense mutation C.1715A > G (p. Y572C) in exon 2 which is already known to cause complete androgen insensitivity syndrome (CAIS). We focused on the effects of this mutation on the testicular histopathology of the patient...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Molecular Histology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294381/cd3-cd8-nkg2d-t-lymphocytes-induce-apoptosis-and-necroptosis-in-hla-negative-cells-via-fasl-fas-interaction
#10
O K Ivanova, T N Sharapova, E A Romanova, L P Sashchenko, D V Yashin
An important problem in cellular immunology is to identify new populations of cytotoxic lymphocytes capable of killing tumor cells that have lost classical components of MHC-machinery and to understand mechanisms of the death of these cells. We have previously found that CD4(+) CD25(+) lymphocytes appear in the lymphokine-activated killer (LAK) cell culture, which carry Tag7 (PGRP-S) and FasL proteins on their surface and can kill Hsp70- and Fas-expressing HLA-negative cells. In this work, we have continued to study the mechanisms of killing of the HLA-negative tumor cells, focusing this time on the CD8+ lymphocytes...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291364/multifunctional-nanoparticles-loading-with-docetaxel-and-gdc0941-for-reversing-multidrug-resistance-mediated-by-pi3k-akt-signal-pathway
#11
Yiyue Wang, Jing Li, Jing Jing Chen, Xuan Gao, Zun Huang, Qi Shen
The poly lactic-co-glycolic acid polyethylene glycol conjugated with cell penetrating peptide R7 (PLGA-PEG-R7)/ poly sulfadimethoxine-Folate nanoparticles loading with Docetaxel (DTX) and GDC0941 (R7/PSD-Fol NPs) were prepared to overcome multidrug resistance (MDR) and enhance the antitumor activity. First, poly sulfadimethoxine-Folate was synthesized to construct the R7 / PSD-Fol NPs. The R7/PSD-Fol NPs were prepared with the ability that effective entrapment and drug loading. Due to the pH-sensitive effect of PSD-Folate, the releasing of DTX and GDC0941 from the R7/PSD-Fol NPs was lower in pH7...
March 14, 2017: Molecular Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291188/quantification-of-peri-implant-bacterial-load-and-in-vivo-biofilm-formation-in-an-innovative-clinically-representative-mouse-model-of-periprosthetic-joint-infection
#12
Alberto V Carli, Samrath Bhimani, Xu Yang, Matthew B Shirley, Karen L de Mesy Bentley, F Patrick Ross, Mathias P G Bostrom
BACKGROUND: Periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) is a devastating complication following total joint arthroplasty. Current animal models of PJI are limited because of a lack of quantitative methods and failure to effectively recreate the periprosthetic space. We therefore developed a murine PJI model involving a 3-dimensionally printed Ti-6Al-4V implant capable of bearing weight and permitting quantitative analysis of periprosthetic bacterial load and evaluation of biofilm. METHODS: Twenty-five 12-week-old C57BL/6 mice received a unilateral proximal tibial implant and intra-articular injection of either 3 × 10 colony forming units (CFUs) of Staphylococcus aureus Xen 36 or saline solution...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288377/properties-of-modified-surface-for-biosensing-interface
#13
Mutsuo Tanaka, Takahiro Sawaguchi, Yoshiki Hirata, Osamu Niwa, Keiko Tawa, Chisato Sasakawa, Koji Kuraoka
Properties of modified surface, behavior against salting-out effect, suppressive effect for protein nonspecific adsorption, and wettability were examined using various mercapto compounds bearing methyloligoethylene glycol, oligoethylene glycol, alkyl oligoethylene glycol, alkyl phosphoryl choline, alkyl inverse phosphoryl choline, and alkyl sulfobetaine moieties. The behavior against salting-out effect was examined using gold nanoparticle with PBS and NaCl aqueous solution. The suppressive effect for protein nonspecific adsorption was evaluated by SPR, and the wettability was measured on the SPR chip...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287592/chemical-analysis-of-water-accommodated-fractions-of-crude-oil-spills-using-tims-ft-icr-ms
#14
Paolo Benigni, Rebecca Marin, Kathia Sandoval, Piero Gardinali, Francisco Fernandez-Lima
Multiple chemical processes control how crude oil is incorporated into seawater and also the chemical reactions that occur overtime. Studying this system requires the careful preparation of the sample in order to accurately replicate the natural formation of the water-accommodated fraction that occurs in nature. Low-energy water-accommodated fractions (LEWAF) are carefully prepared by mixing crude oil and water at a set ratio. Aspirator bottles are then irradiated, and at set time points, the water is sampled and extracted using standard techniques...
March 3, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285858/high-resolution-profile-of-inorganic-aqueous-geochemistry-and-key-redox-zones-in-an-arsenic-bearing-aquifer-in-cambodia
#15
Laura A Richards, Daniel Magnone, Chansopheaktra Sovann, Chivuth Kong, Sebastian Uhlemann, Oliver Kuras, Bart E van Dongen, Christopher J Ballentine, David A Polya
Arsenic contamination of groundwaters in South and Southeast Asia is a major threat to public health. In order to better understand the geochemical controls on the mobility of arsenic in a heavily arsenic-affected aquifer in northern Kandal Province, Cambodia, key changes in inorganic aqueous geochemistry have been monitored at high vertical and lateral resolution along dominant groundwater flow paths along two distinct transects. The two transects are characterized by differing geochemical, hydrological and lithological conditions...
March 9, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282145/targeted-ultrasound-triggered-phase-transition-nanodroplets-for-her2-overexpressing-breast-cancer-diagnosis-and-gene-transfection
#16
Di Gao, Jinbiao Gao, Ming Xu, Zhong Cao, Luyao Zhou, Yingqin Li, Xiaoyan Xie, Qing Jiang, Wei Wang, Jie Liu
For successful gene therapy, it is imperative to accumulate therapeutic gene in tumor tissues followed by efficiently delivering gene into targeted cells. Ultrasound irradiation, as a noninvasive and cost-effective external stimulus, has been proved to be one of the most potential external-stimulating gene delivery strategies recently in further improving gene transfection. In this study, we developed tumor-targeting ultrasound-triggered phase-transition nanodroplets AHNP-PFP-TNDs comprising a perfluorinated poly(amino acid) C11F17-PAsp (DET) as a core for simultaneously loading perfluoropentane (PFP) and nucleic acids, and a polyanionic polymer PGA-g-PEG-AHNP as the shell for not only modifying the surface of nanodroplets but also introducing an anti-Her2/neu peptide (AHNP) aiming to targeted treatment of Her2-overexpressing breast cancer...
March 21, 2017: Molecular Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279738/modifying-plasmid-loaded-hsa-nanoparticles-with-cell-penetrating-peptides-cellular-uptake-and-enhanced-gene-delivery
#17
J Mesken, A Iltzsche, D Mulac, K Langer
Gene therapy bears great potential for the cure of a multitude of human diseases. Research efforts focussed on the use of viral delivery vectors in the past decades, neglecting non-viral gene therapies of physical or chemical origin due to low transfection efficiency. However, side effects such as activation of oncogenes and inflammatory reactions upon immune cell activation are major obstacles impeding the clinical applicability of viral gene therapy vectors. The aim of this study was the development of a non-viral gene delivery system based on plasmid-loaded human serum albumin nanoparticles, which are biocompatible, biodegradable, and non-toxic in relevant concentrations...
March 6, 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278046/multilayered-polyion-complexes-with-dissolvable-silica-layer-covered-by-controlling-densities-of-crgd-conjugated-peg-chains-for-cancer-targeted-sirna-delivery
#18
Mitsuru Naito, Ryota Azuma, Hiroyasu Takemoto, Mao Hori, Naoto Yoshinaga, Shigehito Osawa, Rimpei Kamegawa, Hyun Jin Kim, Takehiko Ishii, Nobuhiro Nishiyama, Kanjiro Miyata, Kazunori Kataoka
Surface functionalization of nanoparticles is a crucial factor for nanoparticle-mediated drug and nucleic acid delivery. Particularly, the density of targeting ligands on nanoparticle significantly affects the affinity of nanoparticles to specific cellular surface (or receptor) through the multivalent binding effect. Herein, multilayered polyion complexes (mPICs) are prepared to possess varying densities of cyclic RGD peptide (cRGD) ligands for cancer-targeted small interfering RNA (siRNA) delivery. A template PIC is first prepared by mixing siRNAs with homo catiomers of N-substituted polyaspartamide bearing tetraethylenepentamine (PAsp(TEP)) in aqueous solution, followed by silica-coating through silicate condensation reaction...
March 12, 2017: Journal of Biomaterials Science. Polymer Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277609/bifunctional-diaminoterephthalate-fluorescent-dye-as-probe-for-cross-linking-proteins
#19
Jens Christoffers, Melanie Wallisch, Stefan Sulmann, Karl-Wilhelm Koch
Diaminoterephthalates are fluorescent dyes and define scaffolds which can be orthogonally functionalized at their two carboxylate residues with functional residues bearing task specific reactive groups. The synthesis of monofunctionalized dyes with thiol groups for surface binding, an azide for click chemistry and a biotinoylated congener for streptavidin binding is reported. Two bifunctionalized dyes were prepared: One with an azide for click chemistry and a biotin for streptavidin binding, the other with a maleimide for reaction with thiol and a cyclooctyne moiety for ligation with copper-free click chemistry...
March 9, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276997/the-unique-hydration-state-of-poly-2-methacryloyloxyethyl-phosphorylcholine
#20
Kazuhiko Ishihara, Mingwei Mu, Tomohiro Konno, Yuuki Inoue, Kyoko Fukazawa
2-Methacryloyloxyethyl phosphorylcholine (MPC) is methacrylate bearing a phosphorylcholine group in the side chain. The phosphorylcholine group generates several unique properties arising from its zwitterionic structure, consisting of a phosphate anion and a trimethylammonium cation. Despite these charged groups, the total electrical charge of the species is zero because of the formation of an inner salt. The polymerization of MPC proceeds both conventional and living radical polymerizations. And, using these method, the corresponding polymer can be obtained efficiently...
March 3, 2017: Journal of Biomaterials Science. Polymer Edition
keyword
keyword
17429
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"