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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931252/a-simplified-method-of-accurate-postprocessing-of-diffusion-tensor-imaging-for-use-in-brain-tumor-resection
#1
Phillip A Bonney, Andrew K Conner, Lillian B Boettcher, Ahmed A Cheema, Chad A Glenn, Adam D Smitherman, Nathan A Pittman, Michael E Sughrue
BACKGROUND: Use of diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) in brain tumor resection has been limited in part by a perceived difficulty in implementing the techniques into neurosurgical practice. OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate a simple DTI postprocessing method performed without a neuroscientist and to share results in preserving patient function while aggressively resecting tumors. METHODS: DTI data are obtained in all patients with tumors located within presumed eloquent cortices...
February 1, 2017: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931200/social-media-in-otolaryngology-head-and-neck-surgery
#2
Modupe Oyewumi, John Lee, Allan Vescan
The objective of this study was to assess the current use of social media tools within Canadian otolaryngology-head and neck surgery (OHNS) programs and to assess the interest within these programs to integrate social media for networking, social, and educational programs. A prospective study from September 2013 to February 2014 was performed involving residents and faculty in Canadian OHNS programs. A 26-item questionnaire was created and sent to staff and resident physicians who met the study inclusion criteria using an online survey tool (http://surveymonkey...
September 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931190/surgical-trainees-and-powered-drill-use-do-not-affect-type-i-tympanoplasty-hearing-outcomes
#3
David T Kent, David H Chi, Dennis J Kitsko
The purposes of this study were to determine if use of a powered drill or trainee involvement during tympanoplasty is associated with a decline in sensorineural hearing, as well as to examine whether trainee involvement affected tympanic membrane (TM) closure rates. This study was a chart review (February 2006 to October 2011) of 172 pediatric otolaryngology patients undergoing type I tympanoplasty for TM perforation of any etiology at a tertiary-care pediatric otolaryngology practice. Data collected included air conduction (AC) at 250 to 8,000 Hz, speech reception thresholds, bone conduction (BC) at 500 to 4,000 Hz, and air-bone gap (ABG) at 500 to 4,000 Hz...
September 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931174/improvement-of-radiological-teaching-effects-of-focusing-of-learning-targets-and-increased-consideration-of-learning-theory-knowledge
#4
Stefan Wirth, York-Alexander William, Marco Paolini, Kathrin Wirth, Daniel Maxien, Maximilian Reiser, Martin R Fischer
Purpose Based on evaluation and examination results of students, a necessity for improvement of so far purely instructor-based radiological teaching at the local institution was determined. Aim of our study was to use one out of eight seminars to exemplify adaptation of the teaching concept according to learning theory knowledge, to determine the resulting effects and to interpret them. Materials and methods The institutional review board approved the prospective study of the seminar conversion, which was performed after the end of the winter semester 2015/2016...
September 20, 2017: RöFo: Fortschritte Auf Dem Gebiete der Röntgenstrahlen und der Nuklearmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931168/socio-cultural-norms-and-roles-in-the-use-and-abuse-of-alcohol-among-members-of-a-rural-community-in-southeast-nigeria
#5
E N Nwagu, S I C Dibia, A N Odo
Social influences together with local cultural norms are central factors that can influence the use of alcohol. The study, therefore, identified socio-cultural norms and roles capable of influencing alcohol use among young people in an alcohol producing community, in Nigeria. We used qualitative technique - focused group discussions among selected key persons in the area of study. Three groups; adult males, adult females and youths were engaged in discussions around the themes of socio-cultural; norms, roles, beliefs, values and practices that influences alcohol abuse...
October 1, 2017: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931167/the-cost-effectiveness-and-return-on-investment-of-a-combined-social-and-physical-environmental-intervention-in-office-employees
#6
J M van Dongen, J K Coffeng, M F van Wier, C R L Boot, I J M Hendriksen, W van Mechelen, P M Bongers, A J van der Beek, J E Bosmans, M W van Tulder
This study explored the cost-effectiveness and return-on-investment of a combined social and physical environmental worksite health promotion program compared with usual practice, and of both intervention conditions separately. Participants were randomized to the combined intervention (n = 92), social environmental intervention (n = 118), physical environmental intervention (n = 96), or control group (n = 106). The social environmental intervention consisted of group motivational interviewing and the physical environmental intervention of workplace modifications...
October 1, 2017: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931166/a-clustered-randomized-controlled-trial-to-determine-impacts-of-the-harvest-of-the-month-program
#7
Robert G LaChausse
The study purpose was to examine the impact of the Harvest of the Month (HOTM) program on fruit and vegetable (FV) consumption, FV preferences, other eating behaviors, physical activity and other variables related to healthy eating. A clustered randomized controlled trial was employed in 28 elementary schools. After parental consent was obtained, students in grades 4-6 were randomly assigned to treatment and control conditions (Intervention= 127, Control= 148). Students in the intervention group participated in HOTM, a widely used school-based nutrition promotion and obesity prevention program...
October 1, 2017: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931134/risk-activities-and-pre-travel-health-seeking-practices-of-notified-cases-of-imported-infectious-diseases-in-australia
#8
Prakash Paudel, C Raina, Nicholas Zwar, Holly Seale, Heather Worth, Mohamud Sheikh, Anita E Heywood
Background: Travellers are at risk of acquiring infectious diseases during travel, with risks differing by destination, travel and traveller characteristics. A pre-travel health consultation may minimize this risk. However, uptake of pre-travel health advice remains low. We investigated pre-travel health preparations and disease-specific risk behaviours among notified cases of selected travel-associated infectious diseases imported into Australia. Methods: Prospective enhanced surveillance of notified cases of typhoid, paratyphoid, measles, hepatitis A, hepatitis E, malaria and chikungunya was conducted in two Australian states between February 2013 and January 2014...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Travel Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931133/a-descriptive-study-of-advising-practices-during-travel-health-consultations-in-france
#9
C Marchand, F Merrina, R Gagnayre, O Bouchaud
Background: Recommendations for improving traveler adherence address both the content of the advice given and the structure of the consultation. The objective of this article is to describe how travel health consultations are structured in France. Methods: A questionnaire based on both theoretical foundations and recommendations in the literature was sent to health professionals who practice in travel clinics, all of them members of France's Société de Médecine des Voyages...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Travel Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931132/oxygen-saturation-increases-over-the-course-of-the-night-in-mountaineers-at-high-altitude-3050-6354-m
#10
Markus Tannheimer, Rianne van der Spek, Florian Brenner, Raimund Lechner, Jürgen M Steinacker, Gunnar Treff
Background: Blood oxygen saturation (SpO 2 ) is frequently measured to determine acclimatization status in high-altitude travellers. However, little is known about nocturnal time course of SpO 2 (SpO 2N ), but alterations in SpO 2N might be practically relevant as well. To this end, we describe the time-course of SpO 2N in mountaineers at high altitude. Methods: SpO 2N was continuously measured in ten male mountaineers during a three-week expedition in Peru (3,050-6,354m)...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Travel Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931118/unpacking-the-enabling-factors-for-hand-cord-and-birth-surface-hygiene-in-zanzibar-maternity-units
#11
Giorgia Gon, Said M Ali, Catriona Towriss, Catherine Kahabuka, Ali O Ali, Sue Cavill, Mohammed Dahoma, Sally Faulkner, Haji S Haji, Ibrahim Kabole, Emma Morrison, Rukaiya M Said, Amour Tajo, Yael Velleman, Susannah L Woodd, And Wendy J Graham
Recent national surveys in The United Republic of Tanzania have revealed poor standards of hygiene at birth in facilities. As more women opt for institutional delivery, improving basic hygiene becomes an essential part of preventative strategies for reducing puerperal and newborn sepsis. Our collaborative research in Zanzibar provides an in-depth picture of the state of hygiene on maternity wards to inform action. Hygiene was assessed in 2014 across all 37 facilities with a maternity unit in Zanzibar. We used a mixed methods approach, including structured and semi-structured interviews, and environmental microbiology...
October 1, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931100/-venous-thromboembolism-vte-current-diagnosis-and-therapy-with-special-attention-towards-oncologic-patients
#12
György Pfliegler
Deep vein thrombosis (DVT), pulmonary embolism (PE), or with the common name venous thromboembolism (VTE) are frequent manifestations of pathologic hemostasis in malignancies, thereby contributing to the large number of patients despite recent developments in thrombosis prevention. In the present paper up-to-date practice of diagnosis and therapy will be discussed partly based on the author's previous publications on epidemiology and prophylaxis of VTE in oncological patients.
September 20, 2017: Magyar Onkologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931097/-approaching-new-pharmacotherapy-options-in-pain-treatment
#13
András Telekes
The evolution of medicine is noticeable in most therapeutic areas, the worse the current therapeutic result, the more quick the improvement. This is especially true in such areas that require substantial social resources, namely oncology, diabetology and CNS diseases. Pain is not a disease, it is a symptom. Pain is one of the most important components of human suffering thus it deserves special attention. In recent years new formulations of old medicines were introduced rather than new medicines. Maybe ziconitide is the last pain killer with new mechanism of action which was approved by FDA in 2004...
September 20, 2017: Magyar Onkologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931095/-new-recommendations-in-oncocardiology
#14
Csaba András Nagy, Mária Lódi, Ingrid Balogh, Dániel Czuriga, Judit Kocsis
It is well-known that modern oncotherapy significantly reduced the mortality of malignant diseases. However, serious side effects of the applied cancer therapies have evolved, which may adversely affect the cardiovascular system. Early side effects often limit therapeutic success of oncotherapy and may require treatment interruption, while late-onset side effects can adversely influence the long-term survival of patients recovering from cancer. Oncocardiology is a new medical field gaining more and more attention...
September 20, 2017: Magyar Onkologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931088/an-integrated-nutrition-and-health-program-package-on-iycn-improves-breastfeeding-but-not-complementary-feeding-and-nutritional-status-in-rural-northern-india-a-quasi-experimental-randomized-longitudinal-study
#15
Veena Singh, Saifuddin Ahmed, Michele L Dreyfuss, Usha Kiran, Deepika N Chaudhery, Vinod K Srivastava, Ramesh C Ahuja, Abdullah H Baqui, Gary L Darmstadt, Mathuram Santosham, Keith P West
BACKGROUND: Undernutrition below two years of age remains a major public health problem in India. We conducted an evaluation of an integrated nutrition and health program that aimed to improve nutritional status of young children by improving breast and complementary feeding practices over that offered by the Government of India's standard nutrition and health care program. METHODS: In Uttar Pradesh state, through multi-stage cluster random sampling, 81 villages in an intervention district and 84 villages in a comparison district were selected...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931066/finite-time-synchronization-of-memristor-based-cohen-grossberg-neural-networks-with-mixed-delays
#16
Chuan Chen, Lixiang Li, Haipeng Peng, Yixian Yang
Finite time synchronization, which means synchronization can be achieved in a settling time, is desirable in some practical applications. However, most of the published results on finite time synchronization don't include delays or only include discrete delays. In view of the fact that distributed delays inevitably exist in neural networks, this paper aims to investigate the finite time synchronization of memristor-based Cohen-Grossberg neural networks (MCGNNs) with both discrete delay and distributed delay (mixed delays)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931060/isolated-positive-anti-ss-b-autoantibodies-are-not-related-to-clinical-features-of-systemic-autoimmune-diseases-results-from-a-routine-population-survey
#17
Sabine Jardel, Nicole Fabien, Arnaud Hot, Sandra Vukusic, Jacques Tebib, Vincent Cottin, Pascal Sève, Maurice Laville, Alexandre Belot, Isabelle Durieu, Lorna Garnier, Frédéric Coutant, Quitterie Reynaud, Jean Christophe Lega
OBJECTIVE: To assess in clinical practice the frequency and diagnosis associated with the SS-B-positive/SS-A negative autoantibody profile. METHODS: We analyzed a one-year consecutive population of 624 patients referred by clinicians to the immunology laboratory to investigate anti-SS-A and/or anti-SS-B autoantibodies, who were detected using luminex technology. Data were analyzed for patients with isolated anti-SS-B autoantibodies. The clinical characteristics and diagnosis of connective tissue diseases (CTD) were retrieved according to the international criteria...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930989/demonstration-of-a-hyperlens-integrated-microscope-and-super-resolution-imaging
#18
Dasol Lee, Minkyung Kim, Sunae So, Inki Kim, Gwanho Yoon, Kyunghoon Kim, Junsuk Rho
The use of super-resolution imaging to overcome the diffraction limit of conventional microscopy has attracted the interest of researchers in biology and nanotechnology. Although near-field scanning microscopy and superlenses have improved the resolution in the near-field region, far-field imaging in real-time remains a significant challenge. Recently, the hyperlens, which magnifies and converts evanescent waves into propagating waves, has emerged as a novel approach to far-field imaging. Here, we report the fabrication of a spherical hyperlens composed of alternating silver (Ag) and titanium oxide (TiO2) thin layers...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930977/fourier-based-diffraction-analysis-of-live-caenorhabditis-elegans
#19
Jenny Magnes, Harold M Hastings, Kathleen M Raley-Susman, Clara Alivisatos, Adam Warner, Miranda Hulsey-Vincent
This manuscript describes how to classify nematodes using temporal far-field diffraction signatures. A single C. elegans is suspended in a water column inside an optical cuvette. A 632 nm continuous wave HeNe laser is directed through the cuvette using front surface mirrors. A significant distance of at least 20-30 cm traveled after the light passes through the cuvette ensures a useful far-field (Fraunhofer) diffraction pattern. The diffraction pattern changes in real time as the nematode swims within the laser beam...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930960/prehospital-administration-of-freeze-dried-plasma-is-it-the-solution-for-trauma-casualties
#20
Amir Shlaifer, Maya Siman-Tov, Irina Radomislensky, Kobi Peleg, Avi Shina, Erez Nachum Baruch, Elon Glassberg, Avraham Yitzhak
BACKGROUND: Hemorrhage is the leading cause of possible preventable death in the battlefield. There is an increasing evidence for the effectiveness of blood component therapy in general, and plasma infusion in particular but their use is less applicable in the prehospital setting due to logistic difficulties. Israeli Defense Force has implemented the use of freeze-dried plasma (FDP) at the point of injury (POI), this adoption of FDP use entailed doubts regarding the feasibility and effectiveness of this practice...
October 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
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