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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786958/variability-in-student-perceptions-of-mistreatment
#1
Samantha Ellis, Joel Purkiss, Emily Abdoler, Amanda Opaskar, Rajesh S Mangrulkar, Joseph C Kolars, Sally A Santen
BACKGROUND: As medical schools strive to improve the learning environment, it is important to understand medical students' perceptions of mistreatment. The purpose of this study was to explore student interpretations of previously reported mistreatment incidents to better understand how they conceptualise the interactions. METHODS: Medical students were presented with case scenarios of previously reported instances of mistreatment and asked to indicate their agreement as to whether the scenarios demonstrated mistreatment, using a five-point Likert scale (1, strongly disagree; 5, strongly agree)...
May 22, 2018: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786536/percutaneous-coronary-and-structural-interventions-in-women-a-position-statement-from-the-eapci-women-committee
#2
Alaide Chieffo, Gill Louise Buchanan, Julinda Mehilli, Davide Capodanno, Vijay Kunadian, Anna Sonia Petronio, Ghada W Mikhail, Piera Capranzano, Nieves Gonzal, Nicole Karam, Stéphane Manzo-Silberman, Stefanie Schüpke, Robert A Byrne, Giuliana Capretti, Yolande Appelman, Marie-Claude Morice, Patrizia Presbitero, Maria Radu, Josepa Mauri
Several expert documents on sex-based differences in interventional outcomes are now available, however this is the first position paper from the EAPCI Women Committee discussing the potential influence of sex in the percutaneous treatment of coronary and structural heart disease. Despite the misconception that coronary artery disease is a 'man's disease', contemporary data shows a growing incidence in women. However, women are under-represented in randomised coronary clinical trials (~25%). The generalisation of such studies is therefore problematic in decision-making for females undergoing coronary intervention...
May 22, 2018: EuroIntervention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786526/application-of-multiple-behaviour-change-models-to-identify-determinants-of-farmers-biosecurity-attitudes-and-behaviours
#3
I F Richens, J Houdmont, W Wapenaar, O Shortall, J Kaler, H O'Connor, M L Brennan
It has been recognised that few cattle farmers undertake biosecurity practices on their farms. Approaches that take into consideration individuals' preparedness for change, alongside beliefs thought to motivate the enactment of certain behaviours, may provide a framework for actuating tangible change. The aim of this study was to use a combination of behaviour change models to link beliefs with behaviour and identify possible key interventions to improve the uptake of biosecurity measures by dairy cattle farmers in Great Britain (GB)...
July 1, 2018: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786478/multisociety-consensus-quality-improvement-revised-consensus-statement-for-endovascular-therapy-of-acute-ischemic-stroke
#4
David Sacks, Blaise Baxter, Bruce C V Campbell, Jeffrey S Carpenter, Christophe Cognard, Diederik Dippel, Muneer Eesa, Urs Fischer, Klaus Hausegger, Joshua A Hirsch, Muhammad Shazam Hussain, Olav Jansen, Mahesh V Jayaraman, Alexander A Khalessi, Bryan W Kluck, Sean Lavine, Philip M Meyers, Stephen Ramee, Daniel A Rüfenacht, Clemens M Schirmer, Dierk Vorwerk
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2018: International Journal of Stroke: Official Journal of the International Stroke Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785466/effect-of-reassuring-information-about-musculoskeletal-and-mental-health-complaints-at-the-workplace-a-cluster-randomized-trial-of-the-atwork-intervention
#5
Tone Langjordet Johnsen, Hege Randi Eriksen, Valborg Baste, Aage Indahl, Magnus Odeen, Torill Helene Tveito
Purpose The purpose of this study was to investigate the possible difference between the Modified atWork intervention (MAW) and the Original atWork intervention (OAW) on sick leave and other health related outcomes. atWork is a group intervention using the workplace as an arena for distribution of evidence-based knowledge about musculoskeletal and mental health complaints. Methods A cluster randomized controlled trial with 93 kindergartens, comprising a total of 1011 employees, was conducted. Kindergartens were stratified by county and size and randomly allocated to MAW (45 clusters, 324 respondents) or OAW (48 clusters, 313 respondents)...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785393/monitoring-methotrexate-induced-liver-fibrosis-in-patients-with-psoriasis-utility-of-transient-elastography
#6
REVIEW
Harriet S Cheng, Marius Rademaker
Increasingly, existing evidence indicates that methotrexate-associated liver injury is related to comorbid risk factors such as diabetes, alcoholism, and obesity, rather than to methotrexate itself. Despite this fact, significant effort continues to be expended in the monitoring of low-dose methotrexate in patients with psoriasis. The gold standard investigation has been liver biopsy, but this is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. As methotrexate-induced liver injury is uncommon, the risk/benefit ratio of liver biopsy has been questioned...
2018: Psoriasis: Targets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784193/adjuvant-vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-targeted-therapy-in-renal-cell-carcinoma-a-systematic-review-and-pooled-analysis
#7
REVIEW
Maxine Sun, Lorenzo Marconi, Tim Eisen, Bernard Escudier, Rachel H Giles, Naomi B Haas, Lauren C Harshman, David I Quinn, James Larkin, Sumanta K Pal, Thomas Powles, Christopher W Ryan, Cora N Sternberg, Robert Uzzo, Toni K Choueiri, Axel Bex
CONTEXT: Contradictory data exist with regard to adjuvant vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (VEGFR)-targeted therapy in surgically managed patients for localized renal cell carcinoma (RCC). OBJECTIVE: To systematically evaluate the current evidence regarding the therapeutic benefit (disease-free survival [DFS] and overall survival [OS]) and grade 3-4 adverse events (AEs) for adjuvant VEGFR-targeted therapy for resected localized RCC. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A critical review of PubMed/Medline, Embase, and the Cochrane Library in January 2018 according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis (PRISMA) statement was performed...
May 18, 2018: European Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783886/the-impact-of-surgical-resection-of-the-primary-tumor-on-the-development-of-synchronous-colorectal-liver-metastasis-a-systematic-review
#8
H Pinson, S Cosyns, Wim P Ceelen
BACKGROUND: In recent years different therapeutic strategies for synchronously liver metastasized colorectal cancer were described. Apart from the classical staged surgical approach, simultaneous and liver-first strategies are now commonly used. One theoretical drawback of the classical approach is, however, the stimulatory effect on liver metastases growth that may result from resection of the primary tumour. This systematic review, therefore, aims to investigate the current insights on the stimulatory effects of colorectal surgery on the growth of synchronous colorectal liver metastases in humans...
May 22, 2018: Acta Chirurgica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783601/re-consensus-statement-of-the-european-urology-association-and-the-european-urogynaecological-association-on-the-use-of-implanted-materials-for-treating-pelvic-organ-prolapse-and-stress-urinary-incontinence
#9
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783254/-legal-bases-of-vaccination-in-ukraine
#10
Olena O Terzi
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Despite the extraordinary progress made in the field of vaccination, a large number of children in the last decade, 24 million children, or nearly 20% of children born every year, do not receive a full plan for vaccination during their first year of life. The aim: The purpose of the article is to analyze the legal framework of vaccination in Ukraine, comparing the approach of the domestic legislator to the vaccination with foreign experience. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and methods: Methods of research are selected based on the goal of the study...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783088/evaluation-of-genotoxicity-and-mutagenic-effects-of-vector-dna-nanocomplexes-in-transfected-mesenchymal-stem-cells-by-flow-cytometry
#11
Alireza Nomani, Xuguang Chen, Arash Hatefi
In recent years, there has been a great deal of interest in ex-vivo genetic modification of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) to meet various biomedical needs. Considering the self-renewal potential of MSCs, it is critically important to ensure that transfection vectors (gene carriers) do not induce genotoxicity because they could theoretically turn a single stem cell into a cancer-initiating cell. Unfortunately, there is currently no reliable, unbiased, and quantitative method to measure genotoxicity (micronuclei formation) of gene carriers directly in transfected MSCs...
May 18, 2018: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782441/how-do-hearing-aid-owners-respond-to-hearing-aid-problems
#12
Rebecca J Bennett, Ariane Laplante-Lévesque, Robert H Eikelboom
BACKGROUND: Although hearing aids can improve hearing and communication, problems that arise following the acquisition of hearing aids can result in their disuse. This study aimed to gather perspectives of hearing aid owners and hearing health care clinicians about how hearing aid owners respond to problems that arise following hearing aid fitting, and then use these perspectives to generate a conceptual framework to better understand these responses. METHODS: Seventeen hearing aid owners and 21 hearing health care clinicians generated, sorted, and rated statements regarding how hearing aid owners respond to problems associated with hearing aid use...
May 18, 2018: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782302/reasons-for-not-using-condoms-among-heterosexual-men-in-belgrade-serbia
#13
Milan Bjekić, Sandra Sipetić-Grujičić, Hristina Vlajinac, Aleksandra Nikolić
Dear Editor, Proper and consistent use of male condoms can be a highly effective method of preventing the transmission of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and HIV (1), but this method relies on men's willingness and ability to use condoms. In the United States of America, about 20% overall and less than 50% of adults with multiple partners used a condom at last intercourse (2). In Serbia in 2013 (3), 50.0% of women and 62.5% of men aged 15-49 who had more than one partner in the past year used a condom during their last intercourse...
April 2018: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781853/the-use-of-pedicled-perforator-flaps-in-chest-reconstruction-a-systematic-review-of-outcomes-and-reliability
#14
Anne-Sophie Florczak, Benoit Chaput, Christian Herlin, Pascal Rousseau, Eric Watier, Nicolas Bertheuil
BACKGROUND: In recent years, pedicled perforator flaps have revolutionized plastic surgery by reducing donor site morbidity and ensuring larger and deeper reconstructions with local pedicled cutaneous flaps. The aim of the study was to make a systematic review of perforator pedicled propeller flaps (PPPFs) in chest reconstruction. METHODS: Pubmed and Cochrane databases were searched from 1989 to October 2016 for articles describing the use of PPPFs in chest reconstruction...
May 17, 2018: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781552/topical-rifampin-powder-for-orthopaedic-trauma-part-i-rifampin-powder-reduces-recalcitrant-infection-in-a-delayed-treatment-musculoskeletal-trauma-model
#15
Stefanie M Shiels, David J Tennent, Joseph C Wenke
Open fractures become infected despite meticulous debridement and care. Locally applied antibiotics, commonly embedded in polymethylmethacrylate, deliver high doses of drug directly to the fracture site. Direct application of antibiotic powder, which is being applied prophylactically in spine surgery, is a recent interest in the trauma sector, where bacterial biofilms are more prevalent. Traditional antibiotics, such as vancomycin, are poor performers against bacterial biofilms thus are ineffective in delayed treatment...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781460/targeting-nicotine-addiction
#16
Ellen Carr
Smoking cessation remains a high priority in oncology nursing practice. That priority gained additional visibility in 2014 when the Oncology Nursing Society (ONS) endorsed the tobacco position statement of the International Society of Nurses in Cancer Care, emphasizing the potential for nurses to reduce adult and youth tobacco use.
June 1, 2018: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781358/building-consensus-on-an-integrated-care-pathway-in-geriatric-rehabilitation-a-modified-delphi-study-among-professional-experts
#17
Irma H J Everink, Jolanda C M van Haastregt, Gertrudis I J M Kempen, Jos M G A Schols
To improve continuity and coordination of care in geriatric rehabilitation, an integrated care pathway was developed in the south of the Netherlands. This study aims to reach nationwide consensus on the content and structure of this locally developed pathway using a two-round Delphi study with specialized elderly care physicians ( n = 37) as experts. In the first round, experts indicated their level of agreement on 65 statements representing the pathway on a 5-point Likert-type scale. Statements that did not gain consensus (interquartile range > 1) were redistributed to participants in Round 2...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781149/supporting-advanced-dementia-in-people-with-down-syndrome-and-other-intellectual-disability-consensus-statement-of-the-international-summit-on-intellectual-disability-and-dementia
#18
M McCarron, P McCallion, A Coppus, J Fortea, S Stemp, M Janicki, K Wtachman
BACKGROUND: The International Summit on Intellectual Disability and Dementia (Glasgow, Scotland; October 2016) noted that advanced dementia can be categorised as that stage of dementia progression characterised by significant losses in cognitive and physical function, including a high probability of further deterioration and leading to death. METHOD: The question before the Summit was whether there were similarities and differences in expressions of advanced dementia between adults with intellectual disability (ID) and adults in the general population...
May 20, 2018: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780768/lack-of-school-requirements-and-clinician-recommendations-for-human-papillomavirus-vaccination
#19
Linda M Niccolai, Anna L North, Alison Footman, Caitlin E Hansen
Background: A strong recommendation from a clinician is one of the best predictors of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination among adolescents, yet many clinicians do not provide effective recommendations. The objective of this study was to understand how the lack of school entry requirements for HPV vaccination influences clinicians' recommendations. Design and Methods: Semi-structured interviews with a purposive sample of 32 clinicians were conducted in 2015 in Connecticut USA...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Public Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779924/management-of-nocturnal-enuresis-in-taiwan-consensus-statements-of-the-taiwan-enuresis-expert-committee
#20
REVIEW
Ta-Min Wang, Stephen Shei-Dei Yang, Jeng-Daw Tsai, Mei-Ching Yu, Yee-Hsuan Chiou, Kuo-Liang Chen, Hong-Lin Cheng, Jesun Lin, Hsiao-Wen Chen, Hann-Chorng Kuo, Shyh-Chyan Chen
Nocturnal enuresis causes significant psychological distress to affected children and their family and requires appropriate management. A 12-member expert committee of pediatric urologists and pediatric nephrologists in Taiwan with extensive experience in treating enuresis was established to develop consensus statements and a recommended treatment algorithm for the management of patients with nocturnal enuresis in Taiwan after careful consideration of current evidence, existing guidelines, and expert opinion as well as local practice and culture...
May 17, 2018: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
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