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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933718/constipation-in-older-people-a-consensus-statement
#1
Anton Emmanuel, Francesco Mattace-Raso, Maria Cristina Neri, Karl-Uwe Petersen, Enrique Rey, June Rogers
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Chronic constipation is a serious medical condition that affects 30%-40% of people over 60 years old. Although not normally life threatening, constipation reduces quality of life by the same extent as diabetes and osteoarthritis. There are currently no Europe-wide guidelines for treating constipation in older people, although there is some country-level guidance for the general population. We have evaluated the existing guidance and best clinical practice to improve the care of older people with constipation...
December 9, 2016: International Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933429/establishing-the-values-for-patient-engagement-pe-in-health-related-quality-of-life-hrqol-research-an-international-multiple-stakeholder-perspective
#2
Kirstie Haywood, Anne Lyddiatt, Samantha J Brace-McDonnell, Sophie Staniszewska, Sam Salek
PURPOSE: Active patient engagement is increasingly viewed as essential to ensuring that patient-driven perspectives are considered throughout the research process. However, guidance for patient engagement (PE) in HRQoL research does not exist, the evidence-base for practice is limited, and we know relatively little about underpinning values that can impact on PE practice. This is the first study to explore the values that should underpin PE in contemporary HRQoL research to help inform future good practice guidance...
December 8, 2016: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933411/society-of-surgical-oncology-breast-disease-working-group-statement-on-prophylactic-risk-reducing-mastectomy
#3
Kelly K Hunt, David M Euhus, Judy C Boughey, Anees B Chagpar, Sheldon M Feldman, Nora M Hansen, Swati A Kulkarni, David R McCready, Eleftherios P Mamounas, Lee G Wilke, Kimberly J Van Zee, Monica Morrow
Over the past several years, there has been an increasing rate of bilateral prophylactic mastectomy (BPM) and contralateral prophylactic mastectomy (CPM) surgeries. Since publication of the 2007 SSO position statement on the use of risk-reducing mastectomy, there have been significant advances in the understanding of breast cancer biology and treatment. The purpose of this manuscript is to review the current literature as a resource to facilitate a shared and informed decision-making process regarding the use of risk-reducing mastectomy...
December 8, 2016: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932941/long-term-memory-for-noise-evidence-of-robust-encoding-of-very-short-temporal-acoustic-patterns
#4
Jayalakshmi Viswanathan, Florence Rémy, Nadège Bacon-Macé, Simon J Thorpe
Recent research has demonstrated that humans are able to implicitly encode and retain repeating patterns in meaningless auditory noise. Our study aimed at testing the robustness of long-term implicit recognition memory for these learned patterns. Participants performed a cyclic/non-cyclic discrimination task, during which they were presented with either 1-s cyclic noises (CNs) (the two halves of the noise were identical) or 1-s plain random noises (Ns). Among CNs and Ns presented once, target CNs were implicitly presented multiple times within a block, and implicit recognition of these target CNs was tested 4 weeks later using a similar cyclic/non-cyclic discrimination task...
2016: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932631/dying-in-the-hospital-setting-a-meta-synthesis-identifying-the-elements-of-end-of-life-care-that-patients-and-their-families-describe-as-being-important
#5
REVIEW
Claudia Virdun, Tim Luckett, Karl Lorenz, Patricia M Davidson, Jane Phillips
BACKGROUND: Despite most expected deaths occurring in hospital, optimal end-of-life care is not available for all in this setting. AIM: To gain a richer and deeper understanding of elements of end-of-life care that consumers consider most important within the hospital setting. DESIGN: A meta-synthesis. DATA SOURCES: A systematic search of Academic Search Complete, AMED, CINAHL, MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, PubMed, Google, Google Scholar and CareSearch for qualitative studies published between 1990 and April 2015 reporting statements by consumers regarding important elements of end-of-life hospital care...
December 8, 2016: Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932603/poststroke-depression-a-scientific-statement-for-healthcare-professionals-from-the-american-heart-association-american-stroke-association
#6
Amytis Towfighi, Bruce Ovbiagele, Nada El Husseini, Maree L Hackett, Ricardo E Jorge, Brett M Kissela, Pamela H Mitchell, Lesli E Skolarus, Mary A Whooley, Linda S Williams
Poststroke depression (PSD) is common, affecting approximately one third of stroke survivors at any one time after stroke. Individuals with PSD are at a higher risk for suboptimal recovery, recurrent vascular events, poor quality of life, and mortality. Although PSD is prevalent, uncertainty remains regarding predisposing risk factors and optimal strategies for prevention and treatment. This is the first scientific statement from the American Heart Association on the topic of PSD. Members of the writing group were appointed by the American Heart Association Stroke Council's Scientific Statements Oversight Committee and the American Heart Association's Manuscript Oversight Committee...
December 8, 2016: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931991/men-s-response-to-their-wives-participation-in-microfinance-perpetration-and-justification-of-intimate-partner-violence-in-bangladesh
#7
N S Murshid
OBJECTIVE: The present study adds to extant literature on the association between microfinance participation and intimate partner violence (IPV) by assessing a national sample of men married to microfinance participants. The key objective was to assess whether there was a positive association between wives' microfinance participation and men's perpetration and justification of IPV in urban areas of Bangladesh. STUDY DESIGN: This study is based on a population-based secondary data analysis...
December 2016: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931701/preoperative-stress-an-operating-room-nurse-intervention-assessment
#8
Ayla Gürsoy, Bahar Candaş, Şirin Güner, Serpil Yılmaz
PURPOSE: The purpose of this research study was to determine the effect of preoperative visits by the operating room (OR) nurse on patient stress levels before undergoing surgery. DESIGN: This research was a quasi-experimental study. METHODS: The research sample included patients (N = 179) who were hospitalized for surgery during 6 months in the general surgery department of a public hospital in the Eastern Black Sea Region. The OR nurse, part of the medical staff for surgery, visited patients in the experimental group 1 day before surgery...
December 2016: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931592/the-rationale-for-performance-of-coronary%C3%A2-angiography-and-stenting-before-transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement-from-the-interventional-section-leadership-council-of-the-american-college-of-cardiology
#9
REVIEW
Stephen Ramee, Saif Anwaruddin, Gautam Kumar, Robert N Piana, Vasilis Babaliaros, Tanveer Rab, Lloyd W Klein
Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) is an effective, nonsurgical treatment option for patients with severe aortic stenosis. The optimal treatment strategy for treating concomitant coronary artery disease (CAD) has not been tested prospectively in a randomized clinical trial. Nevertheless, it is standard practice in the United States to perform coronary angiography and percutaneous coronary intervention for significant CAD at least 1 month before TAVR. All existing clinical trials were designed using this strategy...
December 12, 2016: JACC. Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931480/guidelines-for-the-management-of-traumatic-dental-injuries-3-injuries-in-the-primary-dentition
#10
Barbro Malmgren, Jens O Andreasen, Marie Therese Flores, Agneta Robertson, Anthony J DiAngelis, Lars Andersson, Giacomo Cavalleri, Nestor Cohenca, Peter Day, Morris Lamar Hicks, Olle Malmgren, Alex J Moule, Juan Onetto, Mitsuhiro Tsukiboshi
Traumatic injuries to the primary dentition present special problems and the management is often different as compared with the permanent dentition. The International Association of Dental Traumatology (IADT) has developed a consensus statement after a review of the dental literature and group discussions. Experienced researchers and clinicians from various specialities were included in the task group. In cases where the data did not appear conclusive, recommendations were based on the consensus opinion or majority decision of the task group...
October 2016: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931479/guidelines-for-the-management-of-traumatic-dental-injuries-2-avulsion-of-permanent-teeth
#11
Lars Andersson, Jens O Andreasen, Peter Day, Geoffrey Heithersay, Martin Trope, Anthony J DiAngelis, David J Kenny, Asgeir Sigurdsson, Cecilia Bourguignon, Marie Therese Flores, Morris Lamar Hicks, Antonio R Lenzi, Barbro Malmgren, Alex J Moule, Mitsuhiro Tsukiboshi
Avulsion of permanent teeth is one of the most serious dental injuries, and a prompt and correct emergency management is very important for the prognosis. The International Association of Dental Traumatology (IADT) has developed a consensus statement after a review of the dental literature and group discussions. Experienced researchers and clinicians from various specialties were included in the task group. The guidelines represent the current best evidence and practice based on literature research and professionals' opinion...
October 2016: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931478/guidelines-for-the-management-of-traumatic-dental-injuries-1-fractures-and-luxations-of-permanent-teeth
#12
Anthony J DiAngelis, Jens O Andreasen, Kurt A Ebeleseder, David J Kenny, Martin Trope, Asgeir Sigurdsson, Lars Andersson, Cecilia Bourguignon, Marie Therese Flores, Morris Lamar Hicks, Antonio R Lenzi, Barbro Malmgren, Alex J Moule, Yango Pohl, Mitsuhiro Tsukiboshi
Traumatic dental injuries (TDIs) of permanent teeth occur frequently in children and young adults. Crown fractures and luxations are the most commonly occurring of all dental injuries. Proper diagnosis, treatment planning and followup are important for improving a favorable outcome. Guidelines should assist dentists and patients in decision making and for providing the best care effectively and efficiently. The International Association of Dental Traumatology (IADT) has developed a consensus statement after a review of the dental literature and group discussions...
October 2016: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931398/american-academy-of-pediatric-dentistry-mission-statement
#13
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931327/aclam-position-statement-on-adequate-veterinary-care
#14
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Journal of the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science: JAALAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931326/aclam-position-statement-on-reproducibility
#15
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Journal of the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science: JAALAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931325/aclam-position-statement-on-rodent-surgery
#16
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Journal of the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science: JAALAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931324/aclam-position-statement-on-pain-and-distress-in-research-animals
#17
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Journal of the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science: JAALAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931055/-statement-of-the-german-airway-league-reimbursement-of-osimertinib-in-germany
#18
P Kardos, W Schütte, C-P Criée, H Worth
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Pneumologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930347/pnas-plus-significance-statements
#19
EDITORIAL
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 6, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929580/medical-nemesis-40-years-on-the-enduring-legacy-of-ivan-illich
#20
S O'Mahony
Ivan Illich's attack on modern medicine, Medical Nemesis, appeared in 1974. The book famously opened with the statement: 'The medical establishment has become a major threat to health.' Forty years after its publication, this paper examines the major themes of the book, and asks whether events since its publication have added weight to Illich's thesis.
June 2016: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh
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