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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231704/genetic-correlations-between-behavioural-responses-and-performance-traits-in-laying-hens
#1
Iwona Rozempolska-Rucińska, Grzegorz Zięba, Lucyna Kibała, Tomasz Paweł Próchniak, Marek Łukaszewicz
The aim of the study was to evaluate genetic correlations between the behavioural profile and performance in laying hens as an indirect answer to the question whether the observed behavioural responses are associated with increased levels of stress in these birds. The assessment of birds' temperament was carried out using the Novel Objects Test. The behavioural test was conducted in two successive generations comprising 9483 Rhode Island White birds (approx. 4700 individuals per generation) and 4326 Rhode Island Red birds (approx...
February 23, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231702/effect-of-a-microbial-phytase-on-growth-performance-plasma-parameters-and-apparent-ileal-amino-acid-digestibility-in-youxian-sheldrake-fed-a-low-phosphorus-corn-soybean-diet
#2
Shaoping He, Rodolfo Frilles Medrano, Qifang Yu, Yixin Cai, Qiuzhong Dai, Jianhua He
Objective: This study investigated the effect of microbial phytase supplementation on growth performance, tibia ash, plasma parameters, apparent ileal digestibility (AID) of amino acid (AA) and apparent digestibility of nutrients in Youxian Sheldrakes fed with low-Phosphorus (P) corn-soybean diets. Methods: A total of 350 Youxian Sheldrakes (7d old) were randomly divided into 5 treatment groups: positive control (PC) group has adequate available P diet (0.42% and 0...
February 23, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231701/the-potential-interaction-between-ewe-body-condition-score-and-nutrition-during-very-late-pregnancy-and-lactation-on-the-performance-of-twin-bearing-ewes-and-their-lambs
#3
Lydia Cranston, Paul Kenyon, Rene Corner-Thomas, Steve Morris
Objective: The present study aimed to determine the impact of ewe BCS (over a range of 2.0 to 3.0) and nutritional treatments (consisting of differing herbage masses) during very late pregnancy and lactation and their potential interaction on the performance of twin-bearing ewes and their lambs to weaning. Methods: On day [42 of pregnancy, twin-bearing ewes with a body condition score (BCS) of 2.0, 2.5 or 3.0 were allocated to a "Moderate' or 'Unrestricted' nutritional treatment until day 95 of lactation (weaning)...
February 23, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231700/effect-on-quanti-quality-milk-and-mozzarella-cheese-characteristics-with-further-increasing-the-level-of-dried-stoned-olive-pomace-in-diet-for-lactating-buffalo
#4
Agnese Taticchi, Settimio Bartocci, Maurizio Servili, Sabrina Di Giovanni, Mariano Pauselli, Evangelia Mourvaki, David Meo Zilio, Stefano Terramoccia
Objective: Following a previous report, an experiment was conducted to determine the effect of increasing level of DSOP (dried stoned olives pomaces) in the diet of lactating buffaloes on milk and mozzarella cheese yield and characteristics. Methods: Sixteen pluriparous buffaloes distributed into two groups were fed an isoenergetic (0.9 Milk FU/kg) and isoprotein (149 g/kg DM of crude protein) diet, with or without DSOP. Each animal received 17 kg DM/d. Samples of forages and concentrates were weekly collected and used for duplicate chemical analyses...
February 23, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231698/effect-of-feeding-of-blend-of-essential-oils-on-methane-production-growth-nutrient-utilization-in-growing-buffaloes
#5
M A Yatoo, L C Chaudhary, Neeta Agarwal, V B Chaturvedi, D N Kamra
Objective: An experiment was conducted to study the effect of a blend of essential oils (BEO) on enteric methane emission and growth performance of buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis). Methods: Twenty one growing male buffaloes (average body weight of 279 ± 9.3 kg) were divided in to three groups. The animals of all the three groups were fed on a ration consisting of wheat straw and concentrate mixture targeting 500g daily live weight gain. The three dietary groups were; Group1: control without additive, Group 2 and 3: supplemented with BEO @ 0...
February 23, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231697/the-fecal-microbiota-composition-of-boar-duroc-yorkshire-landrace-and-hampshire-pigs
#6
Yingping Xiao, Kaifeng Li, Yun Xiang, Weidong Zhou, Guohong Gui, Hua Yang
To investigate the effect of host genetics on gut microbial diversity, we performed a structural survey of the fecal microbiota of four purebred boar pig lines: Duroc, Landrace, Hampshire and Yorkshire. The V3-V4 regions of the 16S rRNA genes were amplified and sequenced. A total of 783 OTUs were shared by all breeds, whereas other OTUs were breed-specific. Firmicutes and Bacteroidetes dominated the majority of the fecal microbiota; Clostridia, Bacilli and Bacteroidia were the major classes. Nine predominant genera were observed in all breeds and eight of them can produce short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs)...
February 23, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231696/performance-differences-of-rhode-island-red-bashang-long-tail-chicken-and-their-reciprocal-crossbreds-under-natural-cold-stress
#7
Shanshan Xie, Xukai Yang, Yahui Gao, Wenjie Jiao, Xinghua Li, Yajie Li, Zhonghua Ning
Objective: The Bashang Long-tail chicken (BS), an indigenous Chinese breed, is considered cold tolerant. We selected BS, the Rhode Island Red (RIR), and their reciprocal crossbreds for the present study. The objectives were: 1) to validate whether BS is cold tolerant and whether egg production and cold tolerance of crossbreds could be improved; and 2) to determine the physiological characteristics that underlie cold tolerance and favorable egg production performance in cold environments...
February 23, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231692/risk-and-characteristics-of-postcolonoscopy-interval-colorectal-cancer-after-a-positive-fecal-test-a-nationwide-population-based-study-in-korea
#8
Chang Kyun Lee, Kui Son Choi, Chang Soo Eun, Dong-Il Park, Dong Soo Han, Minjoo Yoon, Mina Suh, Jae Kwan Jun
Purpose: Fecal tests remain a mainstay of population-based colorectal cancer (CRC) screening programs worldwide. However, data on interval CRC (iCRC) arising after follow-up colonoscopy of a positive fecal test are scarce. We conducted a nationwide population-based study to reveal the risk and characteristics of iCRC in this setting. Materials and Methods: We searched the National Cancer Screening Program for CRC database in Korea (2005-2010). Incidence of iCRC within the program was estimated, then Cox proportional-hazards regression analysis was performed to determine the independent predictors of iCRC...
February 24, 2017: Cancer Research and Treatment: Official Journal of Korean Cancer Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231691/evaluation-of-diagnostic-performance-of-screening-thyroid-ultrasonography-us-and-imaging-findings-of-screening-detected-thyroid-cancer
#9
Jeongin Yoo, Hye Shin Ahn, Soo Jin Kim, Sung Hee Park, Mirinae Seo, Semin Chong
Purpose: To evaluate the diagnostic performance and cost of screening thyroid ultrasonography (US) in an asymptomatic population and determine the US features of screening-detected thyroid cancer. Materials and Methods: This study included 1845 asymptomatic participants who underwent screening thyroid US between March and August 2012 at the screening center in our hospital. We evaluated the diagnostic performance of screening thyroid US for thyroid cancer and the average cost of diagnosis for each patient...
February 24, 2017: Cancer Research and Treatment: Official Journal of Korean Cancer Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231684/emergency-peripartum-hysterectomy-a-challenge-or-an-obstetrical-defeat
#10
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVES: Peripartum hysterectomy remains an obstetric nightmare. Most obstetricians consider it a defeat. The aim of our study was to assess the prevalence, indications, procedures and complications of emergency peripartum hysterectomy (EPH) in the 2nd Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Medical University of Warsaw during a 7 year period (2007-2013). METHODS: A retrospective evaluation of 21,144 deliveries was performed. We analyzed all cases of EPH, including the maternal characteristics, obstetrical history, course of pregnancy and delivery, type of surgery and complications...
October 24, 2016: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231683/the-adverse-effects-of-exercise-and-supraphysiological-dose-of-testosterone-enanthate-te-on-exploratory-activity-in-elevated-plus-maze-epm-test-indications-for-using-total-exploratory-activity-tea-as-a-new-parameter-for-exploratory-activity-estimation-in-epm
#11
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was the estimation of effects induced by chronic administration of supraphysiological dose of TE and prolonged exercise in male rats on anxiety levels (alterations in exploratory activity patterns in EPM). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Two sedentary (control - C and testosterone-enanthate - T) and two exercise (exercise - E and testosterone-enanthate plus exercise - T+E) groups (n=32) underwent adequate protocols - the swimming protocol (1 h/day) and TE (20 mg/kg/w, s...
October 24, 2016: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231666/-an-outbreak-of-paratyphoid-fever-in-a-county-of-yunnan-province-2010-2011
#12
S K Wang, Z G Wang, X H Zhang, B Yang, Q Wu, B Kan, Y H Zhou, R S Yang, M Y Yan
Objective: To identify the source and to comment on control program regarding an outbreak of paratyphoid A fever in a county, through field studies. Methods: Descriptive epidemiological methods were adopted to describe the epidemiological characteristics of the outbreak, which occurred in Yuanjiang county, Yunan province between 2010-2011, China. Case-control study with environmental investigation was performed to identify related risk factors and pathogens while isolation and susceptibility on the suspected pathogens were conducted...
February 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231656/-acute-effect-of-ambient-air-pollution-on-small-airway-lung-functions-among-school-children-in-shanghai
#13
L J Zhang, C Y Guo, H H Xu, D Xu, X B Shen, X Y Du, M H Zhang, J G Tan, J H Zhang, C Y Dong, H L Qian, Y W Shi, M Z Pan, X D Zhou
Objective: To study the acute effects of compound ambient air pollution on small airway lung functions among school children in Shanghai. Method: A longitudinal survey on lung functions was conducted among 233 school-children from three schools (A, B and C, located in innerring, mid-ring and outer-ring areas). Lung function test was performed once a week for 3 times respectively, among children in school A and B in Dec. 2013 and in school C in Dec. 2014. The fourth lung function test was tested in Jun. 2014 and May 2015 in the respective schools...
February 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231650/blood-sparing-efficacy-of-oral-tranexamic-acid-in-primary-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Qunn Jid Lee, Wai Yee Ching, Yiu Chung Wong
Purpose: Tranexamic acid (TXA) is effective in reducing blood loss in primary total knee replacement. Almost all studies used an intravenous form or a topical form. The aim of this study was to assess the blood sparing efficacy and the safety of oral TXA. Materials and Methods: All patients with primary total knee replacement performed in our institute from January 2015 to October 2015 were eligible. Oral TXA group was given 1 g oral TXA 2 hours before induction of anesthesia and 6 hours and 12 hours postoperatively...
March 1, 2017: Knee Surgery & related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231648/evaluation-of-infection-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-during-a-short-period
#15
Hee-June Kim, Hyun-Joo Lee, Jong-Chul Lee, Seung-Gi Min, Hee-Soo Kyung
Purpose: We encountered 7 cases (7.1%) of infection (5 deep and 2 superficial) in 98 cases of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction using hamstring autografts in a 17-month period. The aim of this study was to analyze the causes of infection and to introduce our treatment strategy. Materials and Methods: We investigated the shelf-life of the fixation implants, the order of surgery, previous knee surgery, infectious pathogen, treatment of infection, and results of treatment...
March 1, 2017: Knee Surgery & related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231638/comparison-of-the-shock-absorption-capacities-of-different-mouthguards
#16
Melina Simonetta Bochnig, Min-Jung Oh, Theresa Nagel, Fred Ziegler, Paul-Georg Jost-Brinkmann
BACKGROUND/AIMS: In this in vitro study the protective qualities of different mouthguard types were examined during small hard object collisions. The aim was to investigate inconclusive aspects of hard inserts, nylon nets and air spaces as reinforcements in the anterior region and the protection qualities of ethylene vinyl acetate (EVA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Five different mouthguards with a labial thickness between 2 mm and 11 mm made of materials of varying stiffness were investigated...
February 23, 2017: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231635/in-vivo-structural-imaging-in-rats-reveals-neuroanatomical-correlates-of-behavioral-sub-dimensions-of-cocaine-addiction
#17
Nazzareno Cannella, Alejandro Cosa-Linan, Elena Büchler, Claudia Falfan-Melgoza, Wolfgang Weber-Fahr, Rainer Spanagel
Cocaine addiction is a multi-dimensional behavioral disorder characterized by a loss of control over cocaine taking despite of detrimental consequences. Structural MRI studies have revealed association between cocaine consumption and gray matter volume (GMV) in cocaine-addicted patients. However, the behavioral correlates of GMV in cocaine addiction are poorly understood. Here, we used a DSM-IV-based rat model of cocaine addiction with high face validity for structural imaging. According to three behavioral sub-dimensions of addiction, rats were separated into two groups showing either addict-like or non-addict-like behavior...
February 23, 2017: Addiction Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231632/reliability-and-validity-of-the-chinese-version-of-the-self-care-ability-scale-for-the-elderly
#18
Han Gao, Ulrika Söderhamn, Christina Cliffordson, Lina Guo, Qiyun Guo, Kun Liu
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To translate the Self-care Ability Scale for the Elderly into Simplified Chinese, and to test the Chinese version of the scale regarding its reliability and validity among older people. BACKGROUND: Self-care is an important topic in nursing. When assessing older people's self-care ability, it is essential that a reliable and valid instrument is used. DESIGN: This study employed across-sectional design. METHODS: We translated the English version of the Self-care Ability Scale for the Elderly into Simplified Chinese according to Brislin's translation guidelines, and carried out a questionnaire survey among 610 older people, including both community-dwelling people and hospital patients, in Jinzhou City, People's Republic of China...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231625/experimental-study-on-1-25-oh-2-d3-amelioration-of-oral-lichen-planus-through-regulating-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-signaling-pathway
#19
Jie Du, Ran Li, Feiyan Yu, Fang Yang, Jinhua Wang, Qingyong Chen, Xiangyu Wang, Bin Zhao, Fang Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To explore the protective function of vitamin D (VD)/vitamin D receptor (VDR) on the development of oral lichen planus (OLP) and elaborate the underling mechanism of it. METHODS: H&E staining, myeloid Peroxidase (MPO) assays, quantitative PCR (qPCR), western blotting and Elisa were used to test the human biopsies and serum. QPCR, western blotting, Elisa and siRNA transfection were also performed in LPS-induced keratinocytes to observe the functions of vitamin D and VDR...
February 23, 2017: Oral Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231605/endonasal-versus-external-dacryocystorhinostomy-for-nasolacrimal-duct-obstruction
#20
REVIEW
Lona Jawaheer, Caroline J MacEwen, Deepa Anijeet
BACKGROUND: A dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR) procedure aims to restore drainage of tears by bypassing a blockage in the nasolacrimal duct, through the creation of a bony ostium that allows communication between the lacrimal sac and the nasal cavity. It can be performed using endonasal or external approaches. The comparative success rates of these two approaches have not yet been established and this review aims to evaluate the relevant up-to-date research. OBJECTIVES: The primary aim of this review is to compare the success rates of endonasal DCR with that of external DCR...
February 24, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
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