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Intradermal hepatitis b vaccination

Oleksandr B Herasun
INTRODUCTION: The article presents a new method of intensification of antiviral therapy for chronic hepatitis B with intradermal autoleukocyte immunization during treatment with a drug of nucleotide analogues - tenofovir (patent UA 113873 U, 2017); other curative vaccines for chronic hepatitis B are also regarded. OBJECTIVE: The research involves patients with chronic hepatitis B (30), whose replication of HBV DNA decreased to a certain level after long-lasting (over 2 years) antiviral therapy, its further reduction ceased...
May 6, 2018: Recent Patents on Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Drug Discovery
Rajesh Jhorawat, Paras Shah, Pankaj Beniwal, Dhananjay Agarwal, Sandeep Nijhawan, Vinay Malhotra
We aimed to study the seroconversion rate in two arms of intradermal (ID) route: low dose with high-frequency and high dose with low-frequency hepatitis B (HB) vaccination in dialysis patients. A total of 56 patients, on either hemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis, were included. Patients were enrolled and randomized into two groups. The first group was immunized through the ID route and received weekly 10 μg of vaccine at 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, and 7 weeks (low-dose with high frequency). The second group was immunized through the ID route and received two doses of 40 μg at one-month interval (high dose with low frequency)...
March 2018: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
Manjusha Das, Vishwas Vanar, Daniel K Martin, Saqib Walayat, Jaymon Patel, Maaz B Badshah, Nikhil R Kalva, Watcoun-Nchinda Pisoh, Sonu Dhillon
INTRODUCTION: Liver disease is a leading cause of death among human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients in the United States. Patients with HIV and hepatitis B virus (HBV) coinfection have accelerated liver disease, higher rates of cirrhosis, and liver cancer, and markedly increased liver-related mortality. The CDC and US Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices recommend hepatitis B vaccination for all HIV-infected individuals. Unfortunately, HIV-infected patients have a worse response rate after standard HBV vaccination...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
Danielle Poirier, Frédéric Renaud, Vincent Dewar, Laurent Strodiot, Florence Wauters, Jim Janimak, Toshio Shimada, Tatsuya Nomura, Koki Kabata, Koji Kuruma, Takayuki Kusano, Masaki Sakai, Hideo Nagasaki, Takayoshi Oyamada
Alternatives to syringe-based administration are considered for vaccines. Intradermal vaccination with dissolvable microneedle arrays (MNA) appears promising in this respect, as an easy-to-use and painless method. In this work, we have developed an MNA patch (MNAP) made of hydroxyethyl starch (HES) and chondroitin sulphate (CS). In swines, hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) formulated with the saponin QS-21 as adjuvant, both incorporated in HES-based MNAP, demonstrated the same level of immunogenicity as a commercially available aluminum-adjuvanted HBsAg vaccine, after two immunizations 28 days apart...
August 29, 2017: Biomaterials
Simone Haeberlein, Séverine Chevalley-Maurel, Arifa Ozir-Fazalalikhan, Hester Koppejan, Beatrice M F Winkel, Jai Ramesar, Shahid M Khan, Robert W Sauerwein, Meta Roestenberg, Chris J Janse, Hermelijn H Smits, Blandine Franke-Fayard
In humans and murine models of malaria, intradermal immunization (ID-I) with genetically attenuated sporozoites that arrest in liver induces lower protective immunity than intravenous immunization (IV-I). It is unclear whether this difference is caused by fewer sporozoites migrating into the liver or by suboptimal hepatic and injection site-dependent immune responses. We therefore developed a Plasmodium yoelii immunization/boost/challenge model to examine parasite liver loads as well as hepatic and lymph node immune responses in protected and unprotected ID-I and IV-I animals...
September 4, 2017: Scientific Reports
Qingxin Chen, Wenshu Li, Pengfei Wang, Huanyi Shao, Yujie Ding, Wenhuan Wang, Danwei Cen, Yiqi Cai, Xiangyang Xue, Lifang Zhang, Guanbao Zhu
BACKGROUND: Melanoma-associated antigen-A3 (MAGE-A3) is a tumor specific antigen and a potential candidate for cancer immunotherapy. We had screened three immunodominant multiepitopes of MAGE-A3, and identified these multiepitope peptides had significantly higher reactivity to serum samples from gastric cancer patients. However, the immune responses of three multiepitope peptides carried by HBcAg in mice have not been investigated. OBJECTIVES: The main objective of this study was to analyze the humoral and cellular immune responses in mice induced by these three multiepitope vaccines of MAGE-A3...
2017: Protein and Peptide Letters
N Catherine Hogan, Melis N Anahtar, Andrew J Taberner, Ian W Hunter
Intradermal immunization of mice against hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) using a novel real-time controlled jet injector was assessed by comparison with intradermal and subcutaneous injection of antigen using a 27G needle and syringe. Three doses of aluminium-absorbed HBsAg were delivered at 0, 14, and 28days. Antibodies to HBsAg were detected only in mice injected with antigen with antibody levels increasing with secondary injections. Mice vaccinated by intradermal injection using the jet injector or subcutaneous needle injection exhibited comparable immune responses at day 47...
July 28, 2017: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
Wenhuan Wang, Fangfang Feng, Jinhui Lv, Zixin Xie, Jun Chen, Lifang Zhang, Wenshu Li
To prepare the dominant multiepitope fusion antigen ROP2-SAG1 (RSmultiepitope) from Toxoplasma gondii in a prokaryotic system, the major immunodominant region (MIR) of the human hepatitis B virus core antigen (HBcAg(MIR)) was used as a delivery vector. The gene encoding the RSmultiepitope was inserted into HBcAg(MIR), and rHBcAg(MIR)-RSmultiepitope was prepared, purified, and administered to BALB/c mice through intradermal injection. An indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay analysis based on a multiepitope peptide facilitated the specific differentiation of sera obtained from mice immunized with the rHBcAg(MIR)-RSmultiepitope protein, and high titers (greater than 1:6,400) of specific anti-RSmultiepitope antibodies were obtained...
September 2017: Viral Immunology
Steffen Leth, Mariane H Schleimann, Sara K Nissen, Jesper F Højen, Rikke Olesen, Mette E Graversen, Sofie Jørgensen, Anne Sofie Kjær, Paul W Denton, Alejandra Mørk, Maja A Sommerfelt, Kim Krogsgaard, Lars Østergaard, Thomas A Rasmussen, Martin Tolstrup, Ole Schmeltz Søgaard
BACKGROUND: Immune priming before reversal of latency might be a component of a functional HIV cure. To assess this concept, we assessed if therapeutic HIV immunisation followed by latency reversal would affect measures of viral transcription, plasma viraemia, and reservoir size in patients with HIV on suppressive antiretroviral therapy. METHODS: In this single-arm, phase 1B/2A trial, we recruited adults treated at the Department of Infectious Diseases, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, Denmark (aged ≥18 years) with successfully treated HIV-1 with plasma RNA loads of less than 50 copies per mL for the previous year and CD4 counts of at least 500 cells per μL...
October 2016: Lancet HIV
Odile Launay, Arielle R Rosenberg, David Rey, Noelle Pouget, Marie-Louise Michel, Jacques Reynes, Didier Neau, Francois Raffi, Lionel Piroth, Fabrice Carrat
IMPORTANCE: Data on long-term immune responses to hepatitis B virus (HBV) vaccination in adults with human immunodeficiency virus 1 (HIV-1) infection are scarce. OBJECTIVE: To compare long-term (up to month 42) immune responses to the standard HBV vaccination regimen with a 4-injection intramuscular double-dose regimen and a 4-injection intradermal low-dose regimen. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: The phase 3, open-label, multicenter parallel-group (1:1:1 allocation ratio) randomized clinical trial was conducted from June 28, 2007, to October 23, 2008, at 33 centers in France...
May 1, 2016: JAMA Internal Medicine
Saqib Walayat, Zohair Ahmed, Daniel Martin, Srinivas Puli, Michael Cashman, Sonu Dhillon
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is a global health problem. It is estimated there are more than 2 billion individuals exposed to the virus and 250 million are chronically infected. Hepatitis B is the cause of more than 600000 annual deaths due to cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. An effective vaccine exists and preventative initiatives center around universal vaccination especially in those at highest risk. Effective vaccination algorithms have led to a significant decline in the development of new infections and its devastating consequences...
October 28, 2015: World Journal of Hepatology
Michael C David, Sung Hyun Ha, Stuart Paynter, Colleen Lau
An estimated 5-10% of adults do not seroconvert after a three-dose primary course of hepatitis B vaccines, and are considered non-responders. Many approaches have been used to induce immunity in healthy adult non-responders, but few studies have compared their relative effectiveness. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of seroconversion rates after additional doses of four approaches: 20 mcg or 40 mcg intramuscular (IM), and 5 mcg or 20 mcg intradermal (ID). The search identified 13 articles encompassing 16 studies (N=1067) that met the eligibility criteria...
November 27, 2015: Vaccine
B Grubor-Bauk, W Yu, D Wijesundara, J Gummow, T Garrod, A J Brennan, I Voskoboinik, E J Gowans
Currently, no vaccine is available against hepatitis C virus (HCV), and although DNA vaccines have considerable potential, this has not been realised. Previously, the efficacy of DNA vaccines for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and HCV was shown to be enhanced by including the gene for a cytolytic protein, viz. perforin. In this study, we examined the mechanism of cell death by this bicistronic DNA vaccine, which encoded the HCV non-structural protein 3 (NS3) under the control of the CMV promoter and perforin is controlled by the SV40 promoter...
January 2016: Gene Therapy
Farhanah Yousaf, Sherleen Gandham, Marilyn Galler, Bruce Spinowitz, Chaim Charytan
INTRODUCTION: The response to hepatitis B vaccine in the dialysis population is reduced compared to the general population. The intradermal (ID) hepatitis B vaccine has been studied as a potential alternative to intramuscular (IM) administration. This alternative route of administration may illicit a response via a distinct immunologic pathway that may help achieve higher seroconversion rates and thus, protection against hepatitis B infection in this vulnerable patient population. METHODS: A literature search was performed in January 2015 using Embase, MEDLINE, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials with keywords including, hepatitis B vaccines, intradermal, dermal, intracutaneous, dialysis, hemodialysis, continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis, CAPD, peritoneal dialysis, renal failure, chronic renal failure, chronic kidney disease, chronic renal insufficiency, End Stage Renal Disease, ESRD, and CKD...
August 2015: Renal Failure
Kazuto Tajiri, Yukihiro Shimizu
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is still a serious worldwide problem, and vaccination is the most effective strategy for primary prevention of the infection. Although universal vaccination may be required for total eradication, several countries, including Japan, have not yet adopted universal vaccination programs. Some individuals are non-responders to HBV vaccine and several mechanisms responsible for their poor response have been proposed. To overcome non-response, third generation vaccines with pre-S proteins have been developed...
June 21, 2015: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
Or Kalchiem-Dekel, Daniel Grupel, Lea Bouchnik, Emanuel Sikuler, Gil Ben-Yakov
BACKGROUND: Data on efficacy, safety, and durability of intradermal vaccine administration in persons who have not responded appropriately to intramuscular administration of hepatitis B virus (HBV) vaccine are relatively scarce. METHODS: We designed a prospective case series in an urban tertiary care hospital in Israel. The medical records of 4007 healthcare personnel who had worked in the hospital between 1996 and 2006 were examined and those with an unsatisfactory level (<10 mIU/ml) of hepatitis B surface antibody (HBsAb) following two courses of a three-dose intramuscular HBV vaccine ("nonresponders") were identified...
December 2015: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Paul V Beirne, Sarah Hennessy, Sharon L Cadogan, Frances Shiely, Tony Fitzgerald, Fiona MacLeod
BACKGROUND: Hypodermic needles of different sizes (gauges and lengths) can be used for vaccination procedures. The gauge (G) refers to the outside diameter of the needle tubing. The higher the gauge number, the smaller diameter of the needle (eg a 25 G needle is 0.5 mm in diameter and is narrower than a 23 G needle (0.6 mm)). Many vaccines are recommended for injection into muscle (intramuscularly), although some are delivered subcutaneously (under the skin) and intradermally (into skin)...
June 18, 2015: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Buddhadev Layek, Lindsey Lipp, Jagdish Singh
Chronic hepatitis B is a serious liver disease and puts people at high risk of death from cirrhosis and liver cancer. Although DNA vaccination has been emerged as a potential immunotherapeutic strategy for the treatment of chronic hepatitis B, the efficiencies were not adequate in clinical trials. Here we describe the design, synthesis, and evaluation of mannosylated phenylalanine grafted chitosan (Man-CS-Phe) as a DNA delivery vector for direct transfection of antigen presenting cells to improve cellular and humoral immunity to plasmid-coded antigen...
June 10, 2015: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
Ahmed R Alsuwaidi, Alia Albawardi, Navidul Haq Khan, Abdul-Kader Souid
INTRODUCTION: Adjuvants (for example, aluminum salts) are frequently incorporated in licensed vaccines to enhance the host immune response. Such vaccines include the pneumococcal conjugate, combinations of diphtheria-tetanus/acellular pertussis, tetanus- diphtheria/acellular pertussis, hepatitis B, some Haemophilus influenzae type b, hepatitis A, and human papillomavirus. These preparations have been associated with complicated local adverse events, especially if administered subcutaneously or intradermally in comparison to deep intramuscular injection...
2014: Journal of Medical Case Reports
Martina Filippelli, Elena Lionetti, Alessia Gennaro, Angela Lanzafame, Teresa Arrigo, Carmelo Salpietro, Mario La Rosa, Salvatore Leonardi
Vaccination is the main prophylactic measure to reduce the mortality caused by hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection in healthy subjects since the immune response to hepatitis B recombinant vaccination occurs in over 90% of general population. Individuals who develop an anti-HBs titer less than 10 mIU/mL after primary vaccination cycle are defined "no responders". Many factors could cause a non response to the HBV vaccination, such as administration of the vaccine in buttocks, impaired vaccine storage conditions, drug abuse, smoking, infections and obesity...
August 14, 2014: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
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