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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774984/comments-on-recent-reports-on-infrared-spectral-detection-of-disease-markers-in-blood-components
#1
Max Diem
The search for disease markers in whole blood, or easily accessible blood components by spectral methods is a highly important aspect in the field of biophotonic research for disease diagnostics and screening, since it promises a minimally invasive approach to assess an individual's state of health. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, in particular, promises to be a fast, inexpensive method to search for markers of disease, since it detects variation in the proteome, lipidome and metabolome of biofluids, or activation of immune cells...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Biophotonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773840/rna-seq-and-uhplc-q-tof-ms-based-lipidomics-study-in-lysiphlebia-japonica
#2
Xueke Gao, Junyu Luo, Limin Lü, LiJuan Zhang, Shuai Zhang, Jinjie Cui
Lipids play an important role in energy storage, membrane structure stabilization and signaling. Parasitoids are excellent models to study lipidomics because a majority of them do not accumulate during their free-living life-stage. Studies on parasitoids have mostly focused on the changes in the lipids and gene transcripts in hosts and little attention has been devoted to lipidomics and transcriptomics changes in parasitoids. In this study, a relative quantitative analysis of lipids and their gene transcripts in 3-days-old Lysiphlebia japonica larva (3 days after spawning) and pupae were performed using liquid chromatography, mass spectrometry and RNA-seq...
May 17, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765489/gallic-acid-l-leucine-conjugate-protects-mice-against-lps-induced-inflammation-and-sepsis-via-correcting-proinflammatory-lipid-mediator-profiles-and-oxidative-stress
#3
Yuanyuan Cheng, Xuechen Li, Hung-Fat Tse, Jianhui Rong
The pathology of endotoxin LPS-induced sepsis is hallmarked by aberrant production of proinflammatory lipid mediators and nitric oxide (NO). The aim of the present study was to determine whether the new product gallic acid-L-leucine (GAL) conjugate could ameliorate the LPS-induced dysregulation of arachidonic acid metabolism and NO production. We first investigated the effects of GAL conjugate on the expression of proinflammatory enzymes and the production of proinflammatory NO and lipid mediators in mouse macrophage cell line RAW264...
2018: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762743/lipidome-evolution-in-mammalian-tissues
#4
Ekaterina Khrameeva, Ilia Kurochkin, Katarzyna Bozek, Patrick Giavalisco, Philipp Khaitovich
Lipids are essential structural and functional components of cells. Little is known, however, about the evolution of lipid composition in different tissues. Here, we report a large-scale analysis of the lipidome evolution in six tissues of 32 species representing primates, rodents and bats. While changes in genes' sequence and expression accumulate proportionally to the phylogenetic distances, less than two percent of the lipidome evolves this way. Yet, lipids constituting this two percent cluster in specific functions shared among all tissues...
May 11, 2018: Molecular Biology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761437/plant-lipidomics-using-uplc-qtof-ms
#5
Yozo Okazaki, Kazuki Saito
Lipids are primary metabolites used for energy storage, signal transduction, and pigmentation, besides being common membrane components. Considering the importance of comprehensive lipid analysis (lipidomics) for a detailed understanding of cellular metabolic states, this chapter introduces liquid chromatography-quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry as a powerful untargeted plant lipidomics technique.
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761436/semi-targeted-lipidomics-of-plant-acyl-lipids-using-uplc-hr-ms-in-combination-with-a-data-independent-acquisition-mode
#6
Mohamed A Salem, Patrick Giavalisco
In recent years, multiple mass-spectrometric methods have been developed to tackle fundamental analytical questions in the field of biology and biochemistry. One essential approach relies on the use of liquid chromatography (LC), for efficient compound separation, coupled to high-resolution mass spectrometry (HR-MS). Even though these techniques are highly sensitive allowing for the reliable measurement of several thousand mass features, the major bottleneck is to convert the measured masses into annotated lipid species...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761435/extraction-of-plant-lipids-for-lc-ms-based-untargeted-plant-lipidomics
#7
Thusitha W T Rupasinghe, Ute Roessner
Lipids are defined as hydrophobic or amphipathic small molecules which consist of a number of structurally and functionally distinct molecules that span from nonpolar to neutral to polar compounds. Lipidomics is the comprehensive analysis of all lipids in a biological system. Changes in lipid metabolism and composition, as well as of distinct lipid species have been linked with altered plant growth, development, and responses to environmental stresses including salinity. Recently, improved liquid chromatography mass spectrometry (LC-MS)-based techniques have provided the rapid expansion of lipidomics research...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760920/serum-lipidomics-of-bovine-paratuberculosis-disruption-of-choline-containing-glycerophospholipids-and-sphingolipids
#8
Paul L Wood, Erdal Erol, Glen F Hoffsis, Margaret Steinman, Jeroen DeBuck
Objectives: Bovine paratuberculosis is a devastating infection with Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis that ultimately results in death from malnutrition. While the infection is characterized by a long (2-4 years) subclinical phase with immune activation, ultimately host defense mechanisms fail and the bacteria spread from the small intestine to other organs. Since both the gastrointestinal tract and liver are essential for the biosynthesis of structural glycerophospholipids, we investigated the circulating levels of these lipids in field infections and experimentally infected cattle...
2018: SAGE Open Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759594/liquid-chromatography-mass-spectrometry-based-metabolomics-and-lipidomics-reveal-toxicological-mechanisms-of-bisphenol-f-in-breast-cancer-xenografts
#9
Chao Zhao, Peisi Xie, Hailin Wang, Zongwei Cai
Bisphenol F (BPF) is a major alternative to bisphenol (BPA) and has been widely used. Although BPA exposure is known to generate various toxic effects, toxicity of BPF remains under-explored. A comprehensive method involving mass spectrometry (MS)-based global lipidomics and metabolomics, and matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization-mass spectrometry (MALDI)- MS imaging (MSI) was used to study toxic effects of BPF and the underlying mechanisms on tumor metastasis-related tissues (liver and kidney) in breast cancer xenografts...
May 5, 2018: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758358/lipidomic-signature-of-serum-from-the-rats-exposed-to-alcohol-for-one-year
#10
Hongchun Li, Wei Xu, Linhong Jiang, Hui Gu, Menglu Li, Jiamei Zhang, Wei Guo, Pengchi Deng, Hailei Long, Qian Bu, Jingwei Tian, Yinglan Zhao, Xiaobo Cen
Alcohol abuse and its related diseases are the major risk factors for human health. Although the mechanism of alcohol-related disorders has been widely investigated, serum metabolites associated with long-term alcohol intake have not been well explored. In this study, we aimed to investigate the profiles of serum metabolites and lipid species of rats chronically exposed to alcohol, which may be involved in the pathogenesis of alcohol-associated disease. An 1 H NMR-based metabolomics and Q-TOF/MS-based lipidomics approach were applied to investigate the profile of serum metabolites and lipid species of rats administrated daily with alcohol (12% vol/vol, 10 ml/kg per day, i...
May 11, 2018: Toxicology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754800/pcyt1a-regulates-phosphatidylcholine-homeostasis-from-the-inner-nuclear-membrane-in-response-to-membrane-stored-curvature-elastic-stress
#11
Afreen Haider, Yu-Chen Wei, Koini Lim, Antonio D Barbosa, Che-Hsiung Liu, Ursula Weber, Marek Mlodzik, Kadri Oras, Simon Collier, M Mahmood Hussain, Liang Dong, Satish Patel, Anna Alvarez-Guaita, Vladimir Saudek, Benjamin J Jenkins, Albert Koulman, Marcus K Dymond, Roger C Hardie, Symeon Siniossoglou, David B Savage
Cell and organelle membranes consist of a complex mixture of phospholipids (PLs) that determine their size, shape, and function. Phosphatidylcholine (PC) is the most abundant phospholipid in eukaryotic membranes, yet how cells sense and regulate its levels in vivo remains unclear. Here we show that PCYT1A, the rate-limiting enzyme of PC synthesis, is intranuclear and re-locates to the nuclear membrane in response to the need for membrane PL synthesis in yeast, fly, and mammalian cells. By aligning imaging with lipidomic analysis and data-driven modeling, we demonstrate that yeast PCYT1A membrane association correlates with membrane stored curvature elastic stress estimates...
May 7, 2018: Developmental Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754287/protective-role-of-the-elovl2-docosahexaenoic-acid-axis-in-glucolipotoxicity-induced-apoptosis-in-rodent-beta-cells-and-human-islets
#12
Lara Bellini, Mélanie Campana, Claude Rouch, Marta Chacinska, Marco Bugliani, Kelly Meneyrol, Isabelle Hainault, Véronique Lenoir, Jessica Denom, Julien Véret, Nadim Kassis, Bernard Thorens, Mark Ibberson, Piero Marchetti, Agnieszka Blachnio-Zabielska, Céline Cruciani-Guglielmacci, Carina Prip-Buus, Christophe Magnan, Hervé Le Stunff
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Dietary n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids, especially docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), are known to influence glucose homeostasis. We recently showed that Elovl2 expression in beta cells, which regulates synthesis of endogenous DHA, was associated with glucose tolerance and played a key role in insulin secretion. The present study aimed to examine the role of the very long chain fatty acid elongase 2 (ELOVL2)/DHA axis on the adverse effects of palmitate with high glucose, a condition defined as glucolipotoxicity, on beta cells...
May 12, 2018: Diabetologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752761/spatial-analysis-of-lipid-metabolites-and-expressed-genes-reveals-tissue-specific-heterogeneity-of-lipid-metabolism-in-high-and-low-oil-brassica-napus-l-seeds
#13
Shaoping Lu, Drew Sturtevant, Mina Aziz, Cheng Jin, Qing Li, Kent D Chapman, Liang Guo
Despite the importance of oilseeds to worldwide human nutrition, and more recently to the production of bio-based diesel fuels, the detailed mechanisms regulating seed oil biosynthesis remain partly understood, especially from a tissue-specific perspective. Here, we investigated the spatial distributions of lipid metabolites and transcripts involved in oil biosynthesis from seeds of two low-erucic acid genotypes of Brassica napus with high and low seed oil content. Integrated results from matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization-mass spectrometry imaging (MALDI-MSI) of lipids in situ, lipidome profiling of extracts from seed tissues, and tissue-specific transcriptome analysis revealed complex spatial distribution patterns of lipids and transcripts...
May 11, 2018: Plant Journal: for Cell and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750412/acbd3-is-required-for-fapp2-transferring-glucosylceramide-through-maintaining-the-golgi-integrity
#14
Jing Liao, Yuxiang Guan, Wei Chen, Can Shi, Dongdong Yao, Fengsong Wang, Sin Man Lam, Guanghou Shui, Xinwang Cao
Glycosphingolipid (GSL) metabolism is involved in various physiological processes, including all major cell signaling pathways, and its dysregulation is linked to some diseases. The four-phosphate adaptor protein FAPP2-mediated glucosylceramide (GlcCer) transport for complex GSL synthesis has been studied extensively. However, the molecular machinery of FAPP2 as a GlcCer-transferring protein remains poorly defined. Here, we identified a Golgi-resident protein, acyl-coenzyme A binding domain containing 3 (ACBD3), as an interacting partner of FAPP2...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Molecular Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749695/promoting-new-concepts-of-skincare-via-skinomics-and-systems-biology-from-traditional-skincare-and-efficacy-based-skincare-to-precision-skincare
#15
REVIEW
Biao Jiang, Yan Jia, Congfen He
Traditional skincare involves the subjective classification of skin into 4 categories (oily, dry, mixed, and neutral) prior to skin treatment. Following the development of noninvasive methods in skin and skin imaging technology, scientists have developed efficacy-based skincare products based on the physiological characteristics of skin under different conditions. Currently, the emergence of skinomics and systems biology has facilitated the development of precision skincare. In this article, the evolution of skincare based on the physiological states of the skin (from traditional skincare and efficacy-based skincare to precision skincare) is described...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748690/untargeted-lipidomic-analysis-of-primary-human-epidermal-melanocytes-acutely-and-chronically-exposed-to-uv-radiation
#16
Núria Dalmau, Nathalie Andrieu-Abadie, Romà Tauler, Carmen Bedia
Ultraviolet (UV) radiation present in sunlight has been related to harmful effects on skin such as premature aging and skin cancer. In order to study the effects of UV radiation on skin, many investigations have been carried out at transcriptomic and proteomic levels. However, studies on the effects of UV radiation on lipid composition are scarce. In this work, primary cultures of melanocytes were exposed to UV radiation in a similar UVA/UVB ratio to that found in solar light. The UV exposure was carried out twice a week and different endpoints were investigated at 0...
May 11, 2018: Molecular omics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748546/nutrient-depletion-induced-production-of-tri-acylated-glycerophospholipids-in-acinetobacter-radioresistens
#17
Yu Luo, Muhammad Afzal Javed, Harry Deneer, Xialu Chen
Bacteria inhabit a vast range of biological niches and have evolved diverse mechanisms to cope with environmental stressors. The genus Acinetobacter comprises a complex group of Gram-negative bacteria. Some of these bacteria such as A. baumannii are nosocomial pathogens. They are often resistant to multiple antibiotics and are associated with epidemic outbreaks. A. radioresistens is generally considered to be a commensal bacterium on human skin or an opportunistic pathogen. Interestingly, this species has exceptional resistance to a range of environmental challenges which contributes to its persistence in clinical environment and on human skin...
May 10, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740670/facile-determination-of-sphingolipids-under-alkali-condition-using-metal-free-column-by-lc-ms-ms
#18
Siddabasave Gowda B Gowda, Kazutaka Ikeda, Makoto Arita
Extraction and analysis of sphingolipids from biological samples is a critical step in lipidomics, especially for minor species such as sphingoid bases and sphingosine-1-phosphate. Although several liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry methods enabling the determination of sphingolipid molecular species have been reported, they were limited in analytical sensitivity and reproducibility by causing significant peak tailing, especially by the presence of phosphate groups, and most of the extraction techniques are laborious and do not cover a broad range of sphingolipid metabolites...
May 9, 2018: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740285/ovarian-function-modulates-the-effects-of-long-chain-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-on-the-mouse-cerebral-cortex
#19
Jose L Herrera, Lara Ordoñez-Gutierrez, Gemma Fabrias, Josefina Casas, Araceli Morales, Guadalberto Hernandez, Nieves G Acosta, Covadonga Rodriguez, Luis Prieto-Valiente, Luis M Garcia-Segura, Rafael Alonso, Francisco G Wandosell
Different dietary ratios of n -6/ n -3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC-PUFAs) may alter brain lipid profile, neural activity, and brain cognitive function. To determine whether ovarian hormones influence the effect of diet on the brain, ovariectomized and sham-operated mice continuously treated with placebo or estradiol were fed for 3 months with diets containing low or high n -6/ n -3 LC-PUFA ratios. The fatty acid (FA) profile and expression of key neuronal proteins were analyzed in the cerebral cortex, with intact female mice on standard diet serving as internal controls of brain lipidome composition...
2018: Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739755/erv1-chemr23-signaling-protects-from-atherosclerosis-by-modifying-oxldl-uptake-and-phagocytosis-in-macrophages
#20
Andres Laguna-Fernandez, Antonio Checa, Miguel Carracedo, Gonzalo Artiach, Marcelo H Petri, Roland Baumgartner, Maria J Forteza, Xintong Jiang, Teodora Andonova, Mary E Walker, Jesmond Dalli, Hildur Arnardottir, Anton Gisterå, Silke Thul, Craig E Wheelock, Gabrielle Paulsson-Berne, Daniel F J Ketelhuth, Göran K Hansson, Magnus Bäck
Background -In addition to enhanced pro-inflammatory signaling, impaired resolution of vascular inflammation plays a key role in atherosclerosis. Pro-resolving lipid mediators formed through the 12/15 lipoxygenase pathways exert protective effects against murine atherosclerosis. n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids, including eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), serve as the substrate for the formation of lipid mediators, which transduce potent anti-inflammatory and pro-resolving actions through their cognate G-protein-coupled receptors...
May 8, 2018: Circulation
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