keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

question formulation

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442800/what-puts-them-at-risk-a-cross-sectional-case-control-survey-of-demographic-profile-and-sexual-behavior-of-patients-with-sexually-transmitted-infections-at-a-tertiary-care-center-in-north-india
#1
Rama Raj, Vishal Gupta, Mona Pathak, Vishnubhatla Sreenivas, Seema Sood, Sarman Singh, Kaushal K Verma, Neena Khanna, Bimal K Das, Somesh Gupta
BACKGROUND: Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are a major public health problem in developing nations. Identification of risk factors can help in formulating effective strategies against them. The present study was conducted in a tertiary care hospital in North India over 1 year to identify the risk factors associated with STIs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A questionnaire-based cross-sectional case-control survey was conducted where participants answered questions on demographic details, sexual behavior, and awareness of STIs...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437329/metastatic-spinal-cord-compression-and-steroid-treatment-a-systematic-review
#2
Abhishek Kumar, Michael H Weber, Ziya Gokaslan, Jean-Paul Wolinsky, Meic Schmidt, Laurence Rhines, Michael G Fehlings, Ilya Laufer, Daniel M Sciubba, Michelle J Clarke, Narayan Sundaresan, Jorrit-Jan Verlaan, Arjun Sahgal, Dean Chou, Charles G Fisher
STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review. OBJECTIVES: We conducted a systematic review of the literature to answer the following questions regarding the use of steroid therapy in metastatic spinal cord compression (MSCC): 1. In cases of MSCC, what is the effect of steroid administration before definitive radiotherapy or surgery on ambulatory status, bowel and bladder function and survival? 2. What steroid dosing regimens are associated with the best outcomes concerning neurological symptoms and complication prevention in cases of MSCC? SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Currently, there is significant variation in the initial bolus dose, daily maintenance dose and duration of treatment when steroids are used as a bridge to definitive therapy for MSCC...
May 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428790/nanoparticle-interactions-with-the-immune-system-clinical-implications-for-liposome-based-cancer-chemotherapy
#3
Ninh M La-Beck, Alberto A Gabizon
The development of stable and long-circulating liposomes provides protection of the drug cargo from degradation and increases tumor drug delivery, leading to the design of liposome formulations with great potential in cancer therapy. However, despite the sound pharmacologic basis, many liposomal as well as other nanoparticle-based drug formulations have failed to meet regulatory criteria for approval. The question that arises is whether we have missed key liposome-host interactions that can account for the gap between the major pharmacologic advantages in preclinical studies and the modest impact of the clinical effects in humans...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426110/closing-the-gap-in-travel-medicine-reframing-research-questions-for-a-new-era
#4
Lin H Chen, Karin Leder, Mary E Wilson
Background: Travel medicine needs are changing. New patterns of travel, including greater travel by individuals from emerging economies with different values in costs, risks and benefits, must be considered. This review aims to (1) highlight selected studies that have been published that address previously identified gaps in knowledge; (2) propose possible ways to consider questions regarding travel medicine practice for travelers from emerging economies, underscoring priorities for research focusing on these important populations; (3) highlight potential deficiencies in relevance of current international guidelines as they pertain to travelers from emerging economies; (4) frame research questions for travelers from emerging economies and (5) consider roles for ISTM in closing the gap...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Travel Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425004/on-the-inner-life-of-physicians-analysis-of-family-medicine-residents-written-reflections
#5
Andrea Vicini, Allen F Shaughnessy, Ashley Duggan
This qualitative study introduces the broad and inclusive concept of the "inner life of physicians" and analyzes the written reflections (N = 756) of family medicine residents (N = 33) during their residency as indicative of the physicians' inner lives. Residents completed reflective entries without specific prompts. Researchers describe unsolicited emergent categorical themes indicative of a robust inner life of the physician. Nurturing physicians' inner life through reflection allows physicians to recognize, identify, and respond to daily emotional events...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415074/navicom-a-web-application-to-create-interactive-molecular-network-portraits-using-multi-level-omics-data
#6
Mathurin Dorel, Eric Viara, Emmanuel Barillot, Andrei Zinovyev, Inna Kuperstein
Human diseases such as cancer are routinely characterized by high-throughput molecular technologies, and multi-level omics data are accumulated in public databases at increasing rate. Retrieval and visualization of these data in the context of molecular network maps can provide insights into the pattern of regulation of molecular functions reflected by an omics profile. In order to make this task easy, we developed NaviCom, a Python package and web platform for visualization of multi-level omics data on top of biological network maps...
January 1, 2017: Database: the Journal of Biological Databases and Curation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413630/patient-healthcare-trajectory-an-essential-monitoring-tool-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Jessica Pinaire, Jérôme Azé, Sandra Bringay, Paul Landais
BACKGROUND: Patient healthcare trajectory is a recent emergent topic in the literature, encompassing broad concepts. However, the rationale for studying patients' trajectories, and how this trajectory concept is defined remains a public health challenge. Our research was focused on patients' trajectories based on disease management and care, while also considering medico-economic aspects of the associated management. We illustrated this concept with an example: a myocardial infarction (MI) occurring in a patient's hospital trajectory of care...
December 2017: Health Information Science and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411568/projecting-biodiversity-and-wood-production-in-future-forest-landscapes-15-key-modeling-considerations
#8
Adam Felton, Thomas Ranius, Jean-Michel Roberge, Karin Öhman, Tomas Lämås, Jari Hynynen, Artti Juutinen, Mikko Mönkkönen, Urban Nilsson, Tomas Lundmark, Annika Nordin
A variety of modeling approaches can be used to project the future development of forest systems, and help to assess the implications of different management alternatives for biodiversity and ecosystem services. This diversity of approaches does however present both an opportunity and an obstacle for those trying to decide which modeling technique to apply, and interpreting the management implications of model output. Furthermore, the breadth of issues relevant to addressing key questions related to forest ecology, conservation biology, silviculture, economics, requires insights stemming from a number of distinct scientific disciplines...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409995/the-perception-of-animal-experimentation-ethics-among-indian-teenage-school-pupils
#9
Justin Namuk Kim, Eun Hee Choi, Soo-Ki Kim
To promote awareness of animal experimentation ethics among teenagers, we created an educational pamphlet and an accompanying questionnaire. One hundred Indian teenage school pupils were given the pamphlet and subsequently surveyed with the questionnaire, to evaluate: a) their perception of animal experimentation ethics; and b) their opinion on the effectiveness of the pamphlet, according to gender and school grade/age. There was a significant correlation between grade/age and support for animal experimentation, i...
March 2017: Alternatives to Laboratory Animals: ATLA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402393/metcirc-navigating-mass-spectral-similarity-in-high-resolution-ms-ms-metabolomics-data
#10
Thomas Naake, Emmanuel Gaquerel
Summary: Among the main challenges in metabolomics are the rapid dereplication of previously characterized metabolites across a range of biological samples and the structural prediction of unknowns from MS/MS data. Here, we developed MetCirc to comprehensively align and calculate pairwise similarity scores among MS/MS spectral data and visualize these across a range of biological samples. MetCirc comprises functionalities to interactively organize these data according to compound familial groupings and to accelerate the discovery of shared metabolites and hypothesis formulation for unknowns...
April 11, 2017: Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400155/histaminergic-gene-polymorphisms-associated-with-sedation-in-clozapine-treated-patients
#11
Anssi Solismaa, Olli Kampman, Leo-Pekka Lyytikäinen, Niko Seppälä, Merja Viikki, Nina Mononen, Terho Lehtimäki, Esa Leinonen
Sedation is a common adverse effect of clozapine treatment, which may be partly related to clozapine binding to histamine receptors in the central nervous system. The objective of this study was to investigate whether single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the histaminergic system are associated with sedation in clozapine-treated patients. The study population comprised 237 clozapine-treated, Finnish, Caucasian patients that were diagnosed with schizophrenia and 176 were genotyped using Illumina HumanCoreExome-12 BeadChip...
April 8, 2017: European Neuropsychopharmacology: the Journal of the European College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400056/lack-of-antimicrobial-efficacy-of-mecetronium-etilsulfate-in-propanol-based-hand-rubs-for-surgical-hand-disinfection
#12
G Kampf
The aim of this study was to determine if mecetronium etilsulfate (MES) contributes to overall efficacy in surgical hand disinfection. Three blinded hand rubs (45% iso-propanol, 30% n-propanol) were applied for 1.5 min and compared with the EN 12791 reference procedure (crossover design). One commercial hand rub contained 0.2% MES, and the two other hand rubs were identical apart from 0.2% MES. None of the formulations had a log10 reduction after 3 h that was significantly better compared with the reference procedure [mean 1...
March 3, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397002/the-uk-myotonic-dystrophy-patient-registry-facilitating-and-accelerating-clinical-research
#13
Libby Wood, Isabell Cordts, Antonio Atalaia, Chiara Marini-Bettolo, Paul Maddison, Margaret Phillips, Mark Roberts, Mark Rogers, Simon Hammans, Volker Straub, Richard Petty, Richard Orrell, Darren G Monckton, Nikoletta Nikolenko, Aura Cecilia Jimenez-Moreno, Rachel Thompson, David Hilton-Jones, Chris Turner, Hanns Lochmüller
Myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1) is the most frequent muscular dystrophy worldwide with complex, multi-systemic, and progressively worsening symptoms. There is currently no treatment for this inherited disorder and research can be challenging due to the rarity and variability of the disease. The UK Myotonic Dystrophy Patient Registry is a patient self-enrolling online database collecting clinical and genetic information. For this cross-sectional "snapshot" analysis, 556 patients with a confirmed diagnosis of DM1 registered between May 2012 and July 2016 were included...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386399/development-of-research-priorities-in-paediatric-pain-and-palliative-care
#14
Christina Liossi, Anna-Karenia Anderson, Richard F Howard
Priority setting for healthcare research is as important as conducting the research itself because rigorous and systematic processes of priority setting can make an important contribution to the quality of research. This project aimed to prioritise clinical therapeutic uncertainties in paediatric pain and palliative care in order to encourage and inform the future research agenda and raise the profile of paediatric pain and palliative care in the United Kingdom. Clinical therapeutic uncertainties were identified and transformed into patient, intervention, comparison and outcome (PICO) format and prioritised using a modified Nominal Group Technique...
February 2017: British Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383659/the-proteins-api-accessing-key-integrated-protein-and-genome-information
#15
Andrew Nightingale, Ricardo Antunes, Emanuele Alpi, Borisas Bursteinas, Leonardo Gonzales, Wudong Liu, Jie Luo, Guoying Qi, Edd Turner, Maria Martin
The Proteins API provides searching and programmatic access to protein and associated genomics data such as curated protein sequence positional annotations from UniProtKB, as well as mapped variation and proteomics data from large scale data sources (LSS). Using the coordinates service, researchers are able to retrieve the genomic sequence coordinates for proteins in UniProtKB. This, the LSS genomics and proteomics data for UniProt proteins is programmatically only available through this service. A Swagger UI has been implemented to provide documentation, an interface for users, with little or no programming experience, to 'talk' to the services to quickly and easily formulate queries with the services and obtain dynamically generated source code for popular programming languages, such as Java, Perl, Python and Ruby...
April 5, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382210/the-global-governance-of-human-cloning-the-case-of-unesco
#16
Adèle Langlois
Since Dolly the Sheep was cloned in 1996, the question of whether human reproductive cloning should be banned or pursued has been the subject of international debate. Feelings run strong on both sides. In 2005, the United Nations adopted its Declaration on Human Cloning to try to deal with the issue. The declaration is ambiguously worded, prohibiting "all forms of human cloning inasmuch as they are incompatible with human dignity and the protection of human life". It received only ambivalent support from UN member states...
March 21, 2017: Palgrave Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377756/predictive-modeling-of-a-batch-filter-mating-process
#17
Akshay Malwade, Angel Nguyen, Peivand Sadat-Mousavi, Brian P Ingalls
Quantitative characterizations of horizontal gene transfer are needed to accurately describe gene transfer processes in natural and engineered systems. A number of approaches to the quantitative description of plasmid conjugation have appeared in the literature. In this study, we seek to extend that work, motivated by the question of whether a mathematical model can accurately predict growth and conjugation dynamics in a batch process. We used flow cytometry to make time-point observations of a filter-associated mating between two E...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375689/roaming-a-phase-space-perspective
#18
Frédéric A L Mauguière, Peter Collins, Zeb C Kramer, Barry K Carpenter, Gregory S Ezra, Stavros C Farantos, Stephen Wiggins
In this review we discuss the recently described roaming mechanism for chemical reactions from the point of view of nonlinear dynamical systems in phase space. The recognition of the roaming phenomenon shows the need for further developments in our fundamental understanding of basic reaction dynamics, as is made clear by considering some questions that cut across most studies of roaming: Is the dynamics statistical? Can transition state theory be applied to estimate roaming reaction rates? What role do saddle points on the potential energy surface play in explaining the behavior of roaming trajectories? How do we construct a dividing surface that is appropriate for describing the transformation from reactants to products for roaming trajectories? How should we define the roaming region? We show that the phase-space perspective on reaction dynamics provides the setting in which these questions can be properly framed and answered...
March 31, 2017: Annual Review of Physical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369865/use-of-jar-based-analysis-for-improvement-of-product-acceptance-a-case-study-on-flavored-kefirs
#19
Attila Gere, Zsófia Szabó, Klára Pásztor-Huszár, Csaba Orbán, Zoltán Kókai, László Sipos
A common question of dairy product developments is the possible success of the new product. Several publications reported successful results using just-about-right (JAR) scales; although there is some debate about their advantages/disadvantages. This study highlights the limitations and opportunities of JAR scales and penalty analysis of fruit flavored kefirs. The first question is whether penalty analysis results help to improve the product and thus its overall liking (OAL)? The second question is what happens to those who rated the products "ideal" (JAR) before product development when evaluating the new products? Fruit flavored live-flora stirred-type kefir samples were formulated and evaluated by 92 consumers before and after the JAR-based product development...
April 3, 2017: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368880/critical-questions-regarding-gadolinium-deposition-in-the-brain-and-body-after-injections-of-the-gadolinium-based-contrast-agents-safety-and-clinical-recommendations-in-consideration-of-the-ema-s-pharmacovigilance-and-risk-assessment-committee-recommendation
#20
Val M Runge
For magnetic resonance, the established class of intravenous contrast media is the gadolinium-based contrast agents. In the 3 decades since initial approval, these have proven in general to be very safe for human administration. However, in 2006, a devastating late adverse reaction to administration of the less stable gadolinium-based contrast agents was identified, nephrogenic systemic fibrosis. The result of actions taken by the European Medicines Agency and the US Food and Drug Administration, stratifying the agents by risk and contraindicating specific agents in severe renal dysfunction, has led to no new cases being identified in North America or Europe...
April 1, 2017: Investigative Radiology
keyword
keyword
17400
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"