Read by QxMD icon Read

question formulation

Jodi Jameson, M Eileen Walsh
Information literacy is essential in facilitating evidence-based practice (EBP) activities. In vascular nursing, the implementation of EBP is of utmost importance. Best practice grounded in research evidence can contribute to improved patient care outcomes for individuals with vascular disease. The following paper discusses information literacy competencies for nurses to develop in the context of EBP, with an emphasis on formulating a clinical question and searching for evidence. Relevant health science information resources are described, including their value and purpose in the 6S model of evidence...
December 2017: Journal of Vascular Nursing: Official Publication of the Society for Peripheral Vascular Nursing
Ornella Sizzi, Lucia Manganaro, Alfonso Rossetti, Matteo Saldari, Giuseppe Florio, Alessandro Loddo, Robert Zurawin, Bruno van Herendael, Dusan Djokovic
OBJECTIVE: This project of the International Society for Gynecologic Endoscopy (ISGE) had the objective to review the literature and provide recommendations on the occult sarcoma risk assessment in patients who are candidates for minimally invasive gynecological surgery involving intra-abdominal electromechanical tissue morcellation. STUDY DESIGN: The ISGE Task Force for Estimation of the Risk in Endoscopic Morcellation initially defined key topics and clinical questions which may guide a comprehensive preoperative patient assessment...
November 7, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
Aud Moe, Kari Ingstad, Hildfrid V Brataas
BACKGROUND: Reablement services are rehabilitation for older people living at home, being person-centered in information, mapping and the goal-setting conversation. The purpose of this study was to gain knowledge about conversation processes and patient influence in formulating the patients' goals. There are two research questions: How do conversation theme, structure and processes appear in interactions aiming to decide goals of home-based reablement rehabilitation for the elderly? How professionals' communication skills do influence on patients' participation in conversation about everyday life and goals of home-based reablement? METHODS: A qualitative field study explored eight cases of naturally occurring conversations between patients and healthcare professionals in a rehabilitation team...
November 15, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
Nishant Gupta, Geraldine A Finlay, Robert M Kotloff, Charlie Strange, Kevin C Wilson, Lisa R Young, Angelo M Taveira-DaSilva, Simon R Johnson, Vincent Cottin, Steven A Sahn, Jay H Ryu, Kuniaki Seyama, Yoshikazu Inoue, Gregory P Downey, MeiLan K Han, Thomas V Colby, Kathryn A Wikenheiser-Brokamp, Cristopher A Meyer, Karen Smith, Joel Moss, Francis X McCormack
BACKGROUND: Recommendations regarding key aspects related to the diagnosis and pharmacological treatment of lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM) were recently published. We now provide additional recommendations regarding four specific questions related to the diagnosis of LAM and management of pneumothoraces in patients with LAM. METHODS: Systematic reviews were performed and then discussed by a multidisciplinary panel. For each intervention, the panel considered its confidence in the estimated effects, the balance of desirable (i...
November 15, 2017: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
George T Capone, Brian Chicoine, Peter Bulova, Mary Stephens, Sarah Hart, Blythe Crissman, Andrea Videlefsky, Katherine Myers, Nancy Roizen, Anna Esbensen, Moya Peterson, Stephanie Santoro, Jason Woodward, Barry Martin, David Smith
Adults with Down syndrome (DS) represent a unique population who are in need of clinical guidelines to address their medical care. The United States Preventive Service Task Force (USPSTF) has developed criteria for prioritizing conditions of public health importance with the potential for providing screening recommendations to improve clinical care. The quality of existing evidence needed to inform clinical guidelines has not been previously reviewed. Using the National Library of Medicine (NLM) database PubMed, we first identified 18 peer reviewed articles that addressed co-occurring medical conditions in adults with DS...
November 12, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
Leonid M Martyushev
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 9, 2017: Physics of Life Reviews
Jaclyn S Weisman, Thomas L Rodebaugh
Although exposure therapy is often considered a gold standard behavioral intervention for pathological anxiety, questions remain surrounding the mechanisms underlying exposure interventions, and some individuals are characterized by suboptimal treatment outcomes. Recently, a formulation known as the inhibitory learning theory, which is grounded in basic science principles of extinction learning and memory, has been proposed to provide a more parsimonious mechanistic explanation for the effects of exposure than previous, habituation-based models [Craske, M...
October 26, 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
Asad E Patanwala
PURPOSE: A practical guide to conducting and reporting medical record review studies, including instruction and insights on topics ranging from idea conception to manuscript submission, is provided. SUMMARY: Research based on the retrospective collection and analysis of data from medical records is often the first type of research conducted by new investigators; such research can be particularly useful in high-acuity populations and is often more feasible and cost-effective than prospective studies...
November 15, 2017: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
Daniel B Pickford, Meaghean C Finnegan, Leilan R Baxter, Walter Böhmer, Mark L Hanson, Petra Stegger, Udo Hommen, Paul F Hoekstra, Mick Hamer
Thiamethoxam (TMX) is a widely used neonicotinoid insecticide that has been detected in surface water monitoring programs in North America and Europe. This has led to questions about its toxicity to non-target insects, specifically those with an aquatic life stage. In order to address the uncertainty associated with possible impacts related to environmental exposures, a chronic (35-d) outdoor mesocosm study with a formulated product containing TMX was conducted. The specific focus of the study was the response of mayflies (Ephemeroptera), which have been reported to be particularly sensitive in laboratory studies...
November 4, 2017: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
Daniel Porat, Arik Dahan
The solubility-permeability interplay deals with the question: what is the concomitant effect on the drug's apparent permeability when increasing the apparent solubility with a solubility-enabling formulation? The solubility and the permeability are closely related, exhibit certain interplay between them, and ongoing research throughout the past decade shows that treating the one irrespectively of the other may be insufficient. The aim of this article is to provide an overview of the current knowledge on the solubility-permeability interplay when using solubility-enabling formulations for oral lipophilic drugs, highlighting active permeability aspects...
November 1, 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
Sabina Kersting, Suzanne I M Neppelenbroek, Hein P J Visser, Michel van Gelder, Mark-David Levin, Rogier Mous, Ward Posthuma, Hanneke M van der Straaten, Arnon P Kater
INTRODUCTION: In recent years, considerable progress has been made in the treatment of patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), and new potent drugs have become available. Therefore, the CLL working party revised the Dutch guidelines. Not only efficacy but also quality of life and socio-economic impact were taken into account in the formulation of treatment recommendations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The working party discussed a set of questions regarding diagnostic tests and treatment and wrote the draft guideline...
September 25, 2017: Clinical Lymphoma, Myeloma & Leukemia
S V Kellesarian, V R Malignaggi, T V Kellesarian, H Bashir Ahmed, F Javed
Implant surface modification has been used to improve osseointegration. However, evidence regarding improved new bone formation (NBF) and osseointegration with the use of collagen-chondroitin sulfate (CS) matrix coated implants remains unclear. The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of collagen-CS matrix coating on the osseointegration of implants. The focused question was "Does the incorporation of collagen-CS matrix in implant surfaces influence osseointegration?" To answer the question, indexed databases were searched up to July 2017 using various combinations of the key words "collagen", "chondroitin sulfate", "osseointegration", and "implants"...
October 30, 2017: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Andrew J Clulow, Albin Parrow, Adrian M Hawley, Jamal Khan, Anna Pham, Per Larsson, Christel A S Bergström, Ben J Boyd
The absorption of hydrophobic drugs and nutrients from the intestine is principally determined by the amount that can be dissolved by the endogenous fluids present in the gut. Human intestinal fluids (HIFs) comprise a complex mixture of bile salts, phospholipids, steroids and glycerides that vary in composition in the fed and fasted state and between subjects. A number of simulated intestinal fluid (SIF) compositions have been developed to mimic fasted and fed state intestinal conditions and allow the in vitro determination of drug solubility as a proxy for the maximum intestinal concentration possible to reach...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
Sophie Leconte, Stéphanie Valentin, Estelle Dromelet, Michel De Jonghe
BACKGROUND: The clinical approach to a prolonged cough, i.e. a cough lasting more than three weeks, is challenging for general practitioners as well for primary care pediatricians. What the recommended clinical approach in primary care is, how cough duration or cough characteristics impact the diagnosis, and what the efficiency and safety of antibiotics or symptomatic treatments are remain in question for primary care physicians. OBJECTIVE: The last Belgian guidelines were published in 2006 and needed to be reviewed...
2017: Open Respiratory Medicine Journal
Heather R Schaefer, Jessica L Myers
The Texas Commission on Environmental Quality (TCEQ) developed guidance on conducting systematic reviews during the development of chemical-specific toxicity factors. Using elements from publicly available frameworks, the TCEQ systematic review process was developed in order to supplement the existing TCEQ Guidelines for developing toxicity factors (TCEQ Regulatory Guidance 442). The TCEQ systematic review process includes six steps: 1) Problem Formulation; 2) Systematic Literature Review and Study Selection; 3) Data Extraction; 4) Study Quality and Risk of Bias Assessment; 5) Evidence Integration and Endpoint Determination; and 6) Confidence Rating...
October 31, 2017: Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology: RTP
Luciana P F Abbade, Mei Wang, Kamath Sriganesh, Yanling Jin, Lawrence Mbuagbaw, Lehana Thabane
Despite several publications on venous ulcers, there is still a lack of evidence from randomized controlled trials (RCTs) to support certain treatments for patients with this disorder. Well-designed research questions using the PICOT (Population; Intervention; Comparator; Outcome; Time-frame) format in RCTs can improve the quality of research. The objectives of this study were to assess how the PICOT format is used to frame research questions in RCTs published on venous ulcer disease and to determine the factors associated with better adherence to the PICOT format...
October 28, 2017: Wound Repair and Regeneration
Marjolein A van der Marck, Marcel G M Olde Rikkert
This paper describes the development of a guideline on medical research with older subjects. Although our society is aging, evidence on health care for older persons is lacking on many topics, because these subjects are underrepresented in most drug and non-drug trials, while these services are used many older persons, and result in many adverse reactions and unplanned hospitalisation. Part of the reasons for this underrepresentation is the multimorbidity, often leading to exclusion, but also the lack of appropriate research methods plays a major role...
October 27, 2017: Tijdschrift Voor Gerontologie en Geriatrie
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"