keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Camel*

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537781/blood-pressure-lowering-effects-of-alacalase-hydrolyzed-camellia-seed-hull-in-vitro-and-in-spontaneous-hypertensive-rats
#1
Ho-Jeong Lim, Mi-So Kim, Da-Som Kim, Young Jun Kim, Jin Hyup Lee, Jeong Hoon Pan, Eui-Cheol Shin, Jae Kyeom Kim
High blood pressure is one of the major risk factors for various diseases and angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) plays a critical role in blood pressure regulation. In our study, the responsive surface methodology was adopted to establish optimal Alcalase-hydrolysis conditions of camellia seed hull against ACE activity. The optimum conditions are hydrolysis temperature of 50.98°C, enzyme/substrate ratio of 2.85%, and hydrolysis pH of 7.12. In an animal feeding study, spontaneously hypertensive rats were treated with either a low or high dose of hydrolyzed Camellia japonica seed cake over 5 weeks...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Medicinal Food
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530581/metabolic-phenotyping-of-various-tea-camellia-sinensis-l-cultivars-and-understanding-of-their-intrinsic-metabolism
#2
Hyang-Gi Ji, Yeong-Ran Lee, Min-Seuk Lee, Kyeong Hwan Hwang, Eun-Hee Kim, Jun Seong Park, Young-Shick Hong
Recently, we selected three tea (Camellia sinensis) cultivars that are rich in taste, epigallocatechin-3-O-gallate (EGCG) and epigallocatechin-3-O-(3-O-methyl)-gallate (EGCG3″Me) and then cultivated them through asexual propagation by cutting in the same region. In the present study, proton nuclear magnetic resonance ((1)H NMR)-based metabolomics was applied to characterize the metabotype and to understand the metabolic mechanism of these tea cultivars including wild type tea. Of the tea leaf metabolite variations, reverse associations of amino acid metabolism with catechin compound metabolism were found in the rich-taste, and EGCG- and EGCG3″Me-rich tea cultivars...
October 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530579/fatty-acid-and-sterol-composition-of-tea-seed-oils-their-comparison-by-the-fancytiles-approach
#3
Xiaoqin Wang, Qiumei Zeng, Vito Verardo, María Del Mar Contreras
Confusion among tea seed oils from Sect. Thea, Oleifera and Camellia in Camellia is a widespread problem in research and production. In this work, 22 fatty acids, squalene and 13 phytosterols in the three groups of tea seed oils from 16 Chinese regions were analyzed with GC-FID and GC-MS respectively. Thea oils were significantly higher in linoleic (C18:2) and palmitic (C16:0) acids but lower in oleic acid (C18:1) than Camellia and Oleifera oils while the latter two overlapped in major fatty acids. Similarly, Camellia and Oleifera oils clustered together based on the data of squalene and 12 phytosterols while Thea oils branched from them in HCA...
October 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528176/production-and-preclinical-assessment-of-camelid-immunoglobulins-against-echis-sochureki-venom-from-desert-of-rajasthan-india
#4
P D Tanwar, S K Ghorui, S K Kochar, Raghvendar Singh, N V Patil
Snakebite is a significant cause of death and disability in subsistent farming populations of rural India. Antivenom is the most effective treatment of envenoming and is manufactured from IgG of venom-immunised horses. Because of complex fiscal reasons, the production, testing and delivery of antivenoms designed to treat envenoming by the most medically-important snakes in the region has been questioned time to time. In this study, we report successful immunisation of dromedaries (Camelus dromedarius) against the venom of Indian saw-scaled Viper- Echis carinatus sochureki...
May 17, 2017: Toxicon: Official Journal of the International Society on Toxinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528101/functional-characterizations-of-%C3%AE-glucosidases-involved-in-aroma-compound-formation-in-tea-camellia-sinensis
#5
Ying Zhou, Lanting Zeng, Jiadong Gui, Yinyin Liao, Jianlong Li, Jingchi Tang, Qing Meng, Fang Dong, Ziyin Yang
Tea (Camellia sinensis) aroma is an important factor affecting tea quality. Many tea aroma compounds are present as glycosidically conjugated forms in tea leaves, and can be hydrolyzed by β-glucosidase (β-Glu) and β-primeverosidase to release free tea aromas. β-Primeverosidase has been identified and functionally characterized, while β-Glu has not been identified in tea leaves. In the present study, we established a yeast expression system to recombine CsGH1BG1, CsGH3BG1, and CsGH5BG1, which belonged to GH1, GH3, and GH5 families in plants, respectively...
June 2017: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526148/cardiovascular-pharmacology-an-update-and-anesthesia-considerations
#6
REVIEW
Camellia Asgarian, Henry Liu, Alan D Kaye
Cardiovascular disease remains a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. The development of therapeutic agents for the treatment of cardiovascular diseases has always been a priority because of the huge potential market for these drugs. These medications should be part of the anesthesiologist's armamentarium because the typical surgical patient is older and has more comorbidities than in the past. This article reviews commonly used cardiovascular medications that are important in managing patients with unstable hemodynamics...
June 2017: Anesthesiology Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525345/in-vitro-production-of-sudanese-camel-camelus-dromedarius-embryos-from-epididymal-spermatozoa-and-follicular-oocytes-of-slaughtered-animals
#7
A E Abdelkhalek, Sh A Gabr, W A Khalil, Sh M Shamiah, L Pan, G Qin, M H Farouk
Application of assisted reproductive technology in camelidea, such as artificial insemination (AI) and embryo transfer, has been slow in comparison to that for other livestock species. In Egypt, there are few attempts to establish in vitro maturation (IVM) and fertilization (IVF) techniques in dromedary camel. The present study was carried out to produce Sudanese camel embryos using in vitro matured oocytes and epididymal spermatozoa. Dromedary camel ovaries were collected from abattoirs and then, the oocytes were aspirated from all the visible follicles on the ovarian surface (~2-8 mm in a diameter)...
March 28, 2017: Polish Journal of Veterinary Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524011/effects-of-heating-and-calcium-and-phosphate-mineral-supplementation-on-the-physical-properties-of-rennet-induced-coagulation-of-camel-and-cow-milk-gels
#8
Mohammad Kamal, Mohammed Foukani, Romdhane Karoui
The physical properties of rennet-induced coagulation of preheated camel and cow milk gels (50 and 70 °C for 10 min) enriched with calcium chloride (CaCl2) and hydrogen phosphate dihydrate (Na2HPO42H2O) were evaluated using the dynamic low amplitude oscillatory shear analysis. The storage modulus (G') and loss modulus (G") of camel milk gels showed significant (P < 0·05) lower values than those of cow milk gels. The preheating of camel milk at 50 °C affected negatively the gelation properties, while the preheating at 70 °C prevented the formation of rennet-induced milk gels...
May 2017: Journal of Dairy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523322/synchronous-bilateral-primary-ovarian-carcinoma-case-presentation
#9
Crîngu Antoniu Ionescu, Simona Vlădăreanu, Liana Pleş, Mihai Cornel Traian Dimitriu, Gheorghe Oto Furău, Teodora Camelia Vlădescu, Alina Mihaela Călin, NuŢi Daniela Oprescu
Bilateral synchronous primary ovarian carcinoma, histopathologically identical or different is a rare entity encountered in clinical practice. We present the case of a 38-year-old patient who is admitted with the presence of a massive pelvic abdominal tumor formation of 45÷35÷25 cm occupying the lower pelvic and upper abdominal floor, reaching halfway distance between the umbilicus and sternum and lateral bilaterally in the two abdominal flanks until iliac wing. The mixed transabdominal÷transvaginal ultrasound and computed tomography (CT), establish the diagnosis of bilateral ovarian tumor...
2017: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523306/a-novel-method-for-measuring-subcutaneous-adipose-tissue-using-ultrasound-in-children-interobserver-consistency
#10
Adela ChiriŢă-Emandi, Maria Camelia Papa, Liliana Abrudan, Mihaela Amelia Dobrescu, Maria Puiu, Iulian Puiu Velea, Corina Paul
BACKGROUND: Currently, sufficiently accurate field methods for body composition assessment in children are missing. The ultrasound method for assessing adipose tissue thickness has been used extensively in sport medicine. However, there are no studies looking at the reliability of this method in non-athletic children. This paper aims to determine the inter-observer reliability in measuring the uncompressed subcutaneous adipose tissue thickness using ultrasound, in children. SUBJECTS, MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty healthy children (20 males, 20 females), median age 11...
2017: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523291/review-of-the-biotechnologies-and-tests-used-for-precancerous-cervical-lesions-diagnosis
#11
Ruxandra Viorica Stănculescu, Elvira Brătilă, Vasilica Bauşic, Teodora Camelia Vlădescu, Florina Vasilescu, Alexandra Bauşic, Costin Berceanu
This paper draws on the author's extensive experience in the clinical research focused on the implementation of the new biotechnologies able to identify precancerous cervical lesions and is intended to be a systematic approach to new achievements. The goal of this review is to provide updated information concerning the significance of each biotechnology used in clinical medicine to screen women for cervical cancer or to allow a pertinent discrimination between spontaneous remission lesions and progressive lesions...
2017: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521206/decontamination-of-multiple-heavy-metals-containing-effluents-through-microbial-biotechnology
#12
Minxi Wu, Jingjing Liang, Jie Tang, Guang Li, Shiping Shan, Zhaohui Guo, Le Deng
To decontaminate heavy metal-containing waste water, a microbial biotechnology was developed by using the synergy between Sulfate reducing bacteria (SRB), Bacillus cereus (B. cereus) and Camellia oleifera cake (COC). In this process the COC degradation assisted by B.cereus, created an anoxic environment and provided energy and nutrition for SRB. Both of B. cereus and SRB played significant roles through biosorption, bioaccumulation and biosurfactant production. Meanwhile, a flotation technology commonly used in many effluent treatments has been led into this system for increasing the efficiency as well...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520776/proteomic-analysis-of-tea-plants-camellia-sinensis-with-purple-young-shoots-during-leaf-development
#13
Qiongqiong Zhou, Zhidan Chen, Jinwook Lee, Xinghui Li, Weijiang Sun
Tea products made from purple leaves are highly preferred by consumers due to the health benefits. This study developed a proteome reference map related to color changes during leaf growth in tea (Camellia sinensis) plant with purple young shoots using two-dimensional electrophoresis (2-DE). Forty-six differentially expressed proteins were detected in the gel and successfully identified by using MALDI-TOF/TOF-MS. The pronounced changes in the proteomic profile between tender purple leaves (TPL) and mature green leaves (MGL) included: 1) the lower activity of proteins associated with CO2 assimilation, energy metabolism and photo flux efficiency and higher content of anthocyanins in TPL than those in MGL may protect tender leaves against photo-damage; 2) the higher abundance of chalcone synthase (CHS), chalcone isomerase (CHI) and flavonol synthase (FLS) likely contributes to the synthesis of anthocyanins, catechins and flavonols in TPL tissues; 3) higher abundance of stress response proteins, such as glutathione S-transferases (GST) and phospholipid hydroperoxide glutathione peroxidase (PHGPx), could enhance the tolerance of TPL tissues to adverse condition in; and 4) the increased abundance of proteins related to protein synthesis, nucleic acids and cell wall proteins should be beneficial for the proliferation and expansion of leaf cell in TPL tissues...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511005/characterization-of-l-theanine-excitatory-actions-on-hippocampal-neurons-towards-the-generation-of-novel-n-methyl-d-aspartate-receptor-modulators-based-on-its-backbone
#14
Fatiha Sebih, Matthieu Rousset, Salima Bellahouel, Marc Rolland, Marie Celeste de Jesus Ferreira, Janique Guiramand, Catherine Cohen-Solal, Gérard Barbanel, Thierry Cens, Mohammed Abouazza, Adrien Tassou, Maud Gratuze, Céline Meunier, Pierre Charnet, Michel Vignes, Valérie Rolland
L-Theanine (or L-γ-N-ethyl-glutamine) is the major amino acid found in Camellia sinensis. It has received much attention because of its pleiotropic physiological and pharmacological activities leading to health benefits in humans, especially. We describe here a new, easy, efficient and environmentally-friendly chemical synthesis of L-Theanine and L-γ-N-propyl-Gln and their corresponding D isomers. L-Theanine, and its derivatives obtained so far, exhibited partial co-agonistic action at N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors, with no detectable agonist effect at other glutamate receptors, on cultured hippocampal neurons...
May 16, 2017: ACS Chemical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510251/short-term-effects-of-green-tea-chronotherapy-on-the-metabolic-homeostasis-of-mice-on-different-diets
#15
R P Amorim, I P Daher, F P D Arcangelo, M F Bellini, W A Orcini, G R Sarria, R L Peruquetti
Biological rhythms can be defined as changes in physiological or behavioral variables that repeat at certain time intervals. Rhythms that last approximately 24 h are referred to as circadian rhythms. Modern lifestyles have drastically affected human habits, as well as the population's eating habits. These changes have generated an epidemic of metabolic syndromes, such as obesity and diabetes. In an attempt to combat obesity, populations have attempted to use many different herbal remedies and plant-based drugs, the most common of which is Camellia sinensis, or green tea...
May 10, 2017: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509991/camellia-sinensis-increased-apoptosis-on-u2os-osteosarcoma-cells-and-wound-healing-potential-on-nih3t3-fibroblast-cells
#16
Sinem Er, Miriş Dikmen
Camellia sinensis (Cs) is a plant which is rich in polyphenols and has antioxidant, antiinflammatory, antimutagenic, anticarcinogenic and antibacterial activities. In this study, two different methanol extracts (Cs-I and Cs-II) were prepared from the leaf of C. sinensis in order to investigate the wound healing and anticancer activities. Total phenolic content and antioxidant activity of the extracts were determined. Wound healing effects of Cs extracts were evaluated by using Masson's Trichrome Tecnique on NIH3T3 fibroblast cells...
May 16, 2017: Cytotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508671/chemometric-profile-antioxidant-and-tyrosinase-inhibitory-activity-of-camel-s-foot-creeper-leaves-bauhinia-vahlii
#17
Pritipadma Panda, Priyanka Dash, Goutam Ghosh
The present study is the first effort to a comprehensive evaluation of antityrosinase activity and chemometric analysis of Bauhinia vahlii. The experimental results revealed that the methanol extract of Bauhinia vahlii (BVM) possesses higher polyphenolic compounds and total antioxidant activity than those reported elsewhere for other more conventionally and geographically different varieties. The BVM contain saturated fatty acids such as hexadecanoic acid (10.15%), octadecanoic acid (1.97%), oleic acid (0.61%) and cis-vaccenic acid (2...
May 16, 2017: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505507/the-effect-of-ph-and-heat-treatments-on-the-foaming-properties-of-purified-%C3%AE-lactalbumin-from-camel-milk
#18
Roua Lajnaf, Laetitia Picart-Palmade, Hamadi Attia, Sylvie Marchesseau, M A Ayadi
The effect of pH (4.3 or 6.5) and heat treatment (70°C or 90°C for 30min) on the foaming and interfacial properties of α-lactalbumin extracted from camel milk were studied. The increased temperature treatment changed the foaming properties of camel α-lactalbumin solution and its ability to unfold at the air-water interface. At neutral pH, heat treatment was found to improve foamability, whereas at acid pH (4.3) this property decreased. Foams were more stable after a heat treatment at pH 4.3 than at 6.5, due to higher levels of protein aggregation at low pH...
May 2, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500929/oleanane-type-glycosides-from-pittosporum-tenuifolium-variegatum-and-p-%C3%A2-tenuifolium-gold-star
#19
Mayra Rengifo Carrillo, Anne-Claire Mitaine-Offer, Tomofumi Miyamoto, Chiaki Tanaka, Laurent Pouységu, Stéphane Quideau, Carmelo Rosquete Porcar, Marie-Aleth Lacaille-Dubois
The phytochemical study of two cultivars of Pittosporum tenuifolium Banks & Sol. ex Gaertn, "variegatum" and "gold star", led to the isolation of eight oleanane-type glycosides: seven previously undescribed and a known one. Their aglycons are oxygenated oleanane derivatives as barringtogenol C, camelliagenin A, hederagenin, and 22α-hydroxyoleanolic acid. Their structures were established by 2D NMR spectroscopic techniques and mass spectrometry as 3-O-β-D-galactopyranosyl-(1 → 2)-[α-L-arabinopyranosyl-(1 → 3)]-β-D-glucuronopyranosyl-21-O-angeloyl-22-O-acetylbarringtogenol C, 3-O-β-D-galactopyranosyl-(1 → 2)-[α-L-arabinopyranosyl-(1 → 3)]-β-D-glucuronopyranosyl-21,22-di-O-angeloylbarringtogenol C, 3-O-β-D-galactopyranosyl-(1 → 2)-[α-L-arabinopyranosyl-(1 → 3)]-β-D-glucuronopyranosyl-22-O-angeloylcamelliagenin A, 3-O-β-D-glucopyranosyl-(1 → 2)-[β-D-glucopyranosyl-(1 → 6)]-β-D-glucopyranosyl-22-O-[(6-O-acetyl)-β-D-glucopyranosyl]camelliagenin A, 3-O-β-D-galactopyranosyl-(1 → 2)-[α-L-arabinofuranosyl-(1 → 4)]-β-D-glucuronopyranosylhederagenin 28-O-β-D-glucopyranosyl ester, 3-O-α-L-arabinofuranosyl-(1 → 4)-β-D-glucuronopyranosylhederagenin 28-O-β-D-glucopyranosyl ester, 3-O-β-D-galactopyranosyl-(1 → 2)-[α-L-arabinofuranosyl-(1 → 4)]-β-D-glucuronopyranosyl-22α-hydroxyoleanolic acid 28-O-β-D-glucopyranosyl ester, and the known ilexoside XLIX...
May 10, 2017: Phytochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500431/molecular-aspects-of-mers-cov
#20
REVIEW
Ali A Rabaan, Ali M Bazzi, Shamsah H Al-Ahmed, Jaffar A Al-Tawfiq
Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) is a betacoronavirus which can cause acute respiratory distress in humans and is associated with a relatively high mortality rate. Since it was first identified in a patient who died in a Jeddah hospital in 2012, the World Health Organization has been notified of 1735 laboratory-confirmed cases from 27 countries, including 628 deaths. Most cases have occurred in Saudi Arabia. MERS-CoVancestors may be found in OldWorld bats of the Vespertilionidae family...
May 13, 2017: Frontiers of Medicine
keyword
keyword
174
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"