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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724110/coal-bed-methane-water-effects-on-soil-properties-and-camelina-productivity
#1
Henry Y Sintim, Valtcho D Zheljazkov, Michael E Foley, Roque L Evangelista
Every year, the production of coal-bed natural gas in the Powder River Basin results in the discharge of large amounts of coal-bed methane water (CBMW) in Wyoming; however, no sustainable disposal methods for CBMW are currently available. A greenhouse study was conducted to evaluate the potential to use CBMW as a source of irrigation water for camelina [ (L.) Crantz]. We assessed the effects of three CBMW concentrations (0% [1:0], 50% [1:1], and 100% [0:1] tap water to CBMW) on selected soil properties, growth, seed oil, and fatty acid composition of three camelina cultivars: Blaine Creek, Ligena, and Pronghorn...
May 2017: Journal of Environmental Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723794/thrombosis-and-antiphospholipid-antibody-syndrome-during-acute-q-fever-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Matthieu Million, Nathalie Bardin, Simon Bessis, Nadia Nouiakh, Charlaine Douliery, Sophie Edouard, Emmanouil Angelakis, Annick Bosseray, Olivier Epaulard, Stéphanie Branger, Bernard Chaudier, Karine Blanc-Laserre, Nicole Ferreira-Maldent, Elisa Demonchy, France Roblot, Jacques Reynes, Felix Djossou, Camelia Protopopescu, Patrizia Carrieri, Laurence Camoin-Jau, Jean-Louis Mege, Didier Raoult
Q fever is a neglected and potentially fatal disease. During acute Q fever, antiphospholipid antibodies are very prevalent and have been associated with fever, thrombocytopenia, acquired heart valve disease, and progression to chronic endocarditis. However, thrombosis, the main clinical criterion of the 2006 updated classification of the antiphospholipid syndrome, has not been assessed in this context. To test whether thrombosis is associated with antiphospholipid antibodies and whether the criteria for antiphospholipid syndrome can be met in patients with acute Q fever, we conducted a cross-sectional study at the French National Referral Center for Q fever...
July 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720278/-development-of-a-liquid-fermentation-system-and-encystment-for-a-nitrogen-fixing-bacterium-strain-having-biofertilizer-potential
#3
Mauricio Camelo-Rusinque, Andrés Moreno-Galván, Felipe Romero-Perdomo, Ruth Bonilla-Buitrago
The indiscriminate use of chemical fertilizers has contributed to the deterioration of the biological, physical and chemical properties of the soil, resulting in the loss of its productive capacity. For this reason, the use of biofertilizers has emerged as a technological alternative. The objective of this research was to develop a suitable liquid fermentation system and encystment for the multiplication of Azotobacter chroococcum AC1 strain, a bacterium employed in a biofertilizer formulation produced at present by CARPOICA, Colombia...
July 15, 2017: Revista Argentina de Microbiología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719257/no-serologic-evidence-of-middle-east-respiratory-syndrome-coronavirus-infection-among-camel-farmers-exposed-to-highly-seropositive-camel-herds-a-household-linked-study-kenya-2013
#4
Peninah Munyua, Victor Max Corman, Austine Bitek, Eric Osoro, Benjamin Meyer, Marcel A Müller, Erik Lattwein, S M Thumbi, Rees Murithi, Marc-Alain Widdowson, Christian Drosten, M Kariuki Njenga
AbstractHigh seroprevalence of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) among camels has been reported in Kenya and other countries in Africa. To date, the only report of MERS-CoV seropositivity among humans in Kenya is of two livestock keepers with no known contact with camels. We assessed whether persons exposed to seropositive camels at household level had serological evidence of infection. In 2013, 760 human and 879 camel sera were collected from 275 and 85 households respectively in Marsabit County...
June 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718923/using-homology-modeling-to-interrogate-binding-affinity-in-neutralization-of-ricin-toxin-by-a-family-of-single-domain-antibodies
#5
Andrea Bazzoli, David J Vance, Michael J Rudolph, Yinghui Rong, Siva Krishna Angalakurthi, Ronald T Toth, C Russell Middaugh, David B Volkin, David D Weis, John Karanicolas, Nicholas J Mantis
In this report we investigated, within a group of closely related single domain camelid antibodies (VH Hs), the relationship between binding affinity and neutralizing activity as it pertains to ricin, a fast-acting toxin and biothreat agent. The V1C7-like VH Hs (V1C7, V2B9, V2E8, and V5C1) are similar in amino acid sequence, but differ in their binding affinities and toxin-neutralizing activities. Using the X-ray crystal structure of V1C7 in complex with ricin's enzymatic subunit (RTA) as a template, Rosetta-based homology modeling coupled with energetic decomposition led us to predict that a single pairwise interaction between Arg29 on V5C1 and Glu67 on RTA was responsible for the difference in ricin toxin binding affinity between V1C7, a weak neutralizer, and V5C1, a moderate neutralizer...
July 18, 2017: Proteins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717601/investigation-on-papillomavirus-infection-in-dromedary-camels-in-al-ahsa-saudi-arabia
#6
Abdelmalik Ibrahim Khalafalla, Ramadan Omer Ramadan, Annabel Rector, Seif Barakat
We investigated two outbreaks of papillomatosis between 2013 and 2015 in Al Ahsa region of eastern Saudi Arabia involving fourteen dromedary camels. The disease affected both young and adult animals and occurred in coincidence with demodectic mange infestation. Diagnosis was made based on gross and histopathological characteristics of the wart lesion and was confirmed by PCR. Rolling circle amplification followed by degenerate primer PCR and sequencing of the amplicons revealed the presence of both Camelus dromedarius papillomavirus types 1 and 2, previously identified in infected dromedaries in Sudan...
2017: Open veterinary journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713816/effect-of-the-camelid-s-seminal-plasma-ovulation-inducing-factor-%C3%AE-ngf-a-kisspeptin-target-hypothesis
#7
REVIEW
Khalid El Allali, Najlae El Bousmaki, Hassan Ainani, Valérie Simonneaux
Female mammals are classified into spontaneous and induced ovulators based on the mechanism eliciting ovulation. Ovulation in spontaneous species (e.g., human, sheep, cattle, horse, pigs, and most rodents) occurs at regular intervals and depends upon the circulating estradiol. However, in induced ovulators (e.g., rabbits, ferrets, cats, and camelids), ovulation is associated with coitus. In the later, various factors have been proposed to trigger ovulation, including auditory, visual, olfactory, and mechanic stimuli...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713367/nanobodies-as-tools-to-understand-diagnose-and-treat-african-trypanosomiasis
#8
REVIEW
Benoit Stijlemans, Patrick De Baetselier, Guy Caljon, Jan Van Den Abbeele, Jo A Van Ginderachter, Stefan Magez
African trypanosomes are strictly extracellular protozoan parasites that cause diseases in humans and livestock and significantly affect the economic development of sub-Saharan Africa. Due to an elaborate and efficient (vector)-parasite-host interplay, required to complete their life cycle/transmission, trypanosomes have evolved efficient immune escape mechanisms that manipulate the entire host immune response. So far, not a single field applicable vaccine exists, and chemotherapy is the only strategy available to treat the disease...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712501/gene-editing-in-polyploid-crops-wheat-camelina-canola-potato-cotton-peanut-sugar-cane-and-citrus
#9
Donald P Weeks
Polyploid crops make up a significant portion of the major food and fiber crops of the world and include wheat, potato, cotton, apple, peanut, citrus, and brassica oilseeds such as rape, canola, and Camelina. The presence of three sets of chromosomes in triploids, four sets in tetraploids, and six sets in hexaploids present significant challenges to conventional plant breeding and, potentially, to efficient use of rapidly emerging gene and genome-editing systems such as zinc finger nucleases, single-stranded oligonucleotides, TALE effector nucleases, and clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR/Cas9)...
2017: Progress in Molecular Biology and Translational Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711790/six-phenylalanine-ammonia-lyases-from-camellia-sinensis-evolution-expression-and-kinetics
#10
Yingling Wu, Wenzhao Wang, Yanzhi Li, Xinlong Dai, Guoliang Ma, Dawei Xing, Mengqing Zhu, Liping Gao, Tao Xia
Phenylalanine ammonia-lyase (PAL), the branch point enzyme controlling the flow of primary metabolism into second metabolism, converts the L-phenylalanine (L-Phe) to yield cinnamic acid. Based on the sequencing data available from eight transcriptome projects, six PAL genes have been screened out, cloned, and designated as CsPALa-CsPALf. The phylogenetic tree showed that CsPALs were divided into three subgroups, PALa and PALb, PALc and PALd, and PALe and PALf. All six CsPALs exhibited indiscriminate cytosolic locations in epidermis cells and mesophyll cells...
June 29, 2017: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709736/supplementation-of-tris-based-extender-with-plasma-egg-yolk-of-six-avian-species-and-camel-skim-milk-for-chilled-preservation-of-dromedary-camel-semen
#11
Farnaz Panahi, Amir Niasari-Naslaji, Fahimehsadat Seyedasgari, Tahereh Ararooti, Kamal Razavi, Ali Akbar Moosavi-Movaheddi
The present study was conducted to investigate a suitable source (Expt. 1) and concentration (Expt. 2) of plasma egg yolk (PEY) and concentration of camel skim milk (CSM; Expt. 3) to supplement tris based extender for chilled storage of dromedary camel semen. In Expt. 1, PEY (20%) of six avian species (domestic chicken, domestic duck, Japanese quail, partridge, pigeon and guinea fowl) was added to semen extender. In Expt. 2, different concentrations (0, 10, 20, 30 and 40%) of selected PEY from Expt.1 were added to semen extender...
June 23, 2017: Animal Reproduction Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705964/draft-genome-sequences-of-seven-streptococcus-agalactiae-strains-isolated-from-camelus-dromedarius-at-the-horn-of-africa
#12
Julian Rothen, Tobias Schindler, Joël F Pothier, Mario Younan, Ulrich Certa, Claudia Daubenberger, Valentin Pflüger, Joerg Jores
We present draft whole-genome sequences of seven Streptococcus agalactiae strains isolated from Camelus dromedarius in Kenya and Somalia. These data are an extension to the group B Streptococcus (GBS) pangenome and might provide more insight into the underlying mechanisms of pathogenicity and antibiotic resistance of camel GBS.
July 13, 2017: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704956/rapid-and-direct-vhh-and-target-identification-by-staphylococcal-surface-display-libraries
#13
Marco Cavallari
Unbiased and simultaneous identification of a specific antibody and its target antigen has been difficult without prior knowledge of at least one interaction partner. Immunization with complex mixtures of antigens such as whole organisms and tissue extracts including tumoral ones evokes a highly diverse immune response. During such a response, antibodies are generated against a variety of epitopes in the mixture. Here, we propose a surface display design that is suited to simultaneously identify camelid single domain antibodies and their targets...
July 12, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701812/next-generation-data-systems-and-knowledge-products-to-support-agricultural-producers-and-science-based-policy-decision-making
#14
Susan M Capalbo, John M Antle, Clark Seavert
Research on next generation agricultural systems models shows that the most important current limitation is data, both for on-farm decision support and for research investment and policy decision making. One of the greatest data challenges is to obtain reliable data on farm management decision making, both for current conditions and under scenarios of changed bio-physical and socio-economic conditions. This paper presents a framework for the use of farm-level and landscape-scale models and data to provide analysis that could be used in NextGen knowledge products, such as mobile applications or personal computer data analysis and visualization software...
July 2017: Agricultural Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699276/y-chromosome-and-mtdna-variation-confirms-independent-domestications-and-directional-hybridization-in-south-american-camelids
#15
J C Marín, K Romero, R Rivera, W E Johnson, B A González
Investigations of genetic diversity and domestication in South American camelids (SAC) have relied on autosomal microsatellite and maternally-inherited mitochondrial data. We present the first integrated analysis of domestic and wild SAC combining male and female sex-specific markers (male specific Y-chromosome and female-specific mtDNA sequence variation) to assess: (i) hypotheses about the origin of domestic camelids, (ii) directionality of introgression among domestic and/or wild taxa as evidence of hybridization and (iii) currently recognized subspecies patterns...
July 11, 2017: Animal Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699095/maternal-education-gradients-in-infant-health-in-four-south-american-countries
#16
George L Wehby, Jorge S López-Camelo
Objective We investigate gradients (i.e. differences) in infant health outcomes by maternal education in Argentina, Brazil, Chile, and Venezuela and explore channels related to father's education, household labor outcomes, and maternal health, fertility, and use of prenatal services and technology. Methods We employ secondary interview and birth record data similarly collected across a network of birth hospitals from the early 1980s through 2011 within the Latin American Collaborative Study of Congenital Anomalies (ECLAMC)...
July 11, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698321/factors-associated-with-non-persistence-to-oral-and-inhaled-antiviral-therapies-for-seasonal-influenza-a-secondary-analysis-of-a-double-blind-multicentre-randomised-clinical-trial
#17
Remi Flicoteaux, Camelia Protopopescu, Annick Tibi, Thierry Blanchon, Sylvie Van Der Werf, Xavier Duval, Anne Mosnier, Cécile Charlois-Ou, Bruno Lina, Catherine Leport, Sylvie Chevret
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to evaluate and compare non-adherence to oral and inhaled antiviral therapies prescribed of a randomised clinical trial in outpatients with influenza A infection. DESIGN: A parallel, three-arm, double-blinded trial randomly allocated antiviral therapies twice daily for 5 days: (1) oral oseltamivir plus inhaled zanamivir (arm OZ); (2) oseltamivir plus inhaled placebo (arm Opz); or (3) oral placebo plus inhaled zanamivir (arm poZ). Analysis of non-adherence was a secondary objective of the trial...
July 10, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697943/ultrasonographic-characteristics-of-accessory-sex-glands-and-spectral-doppler-indices-of-the-internal-iliac-arteries-in-peri-and-post-pubertal-dorper-rams-raised-in-a-subtropical-climate
#18
E S C Camela, R P Nociti, V J C Santos, B I Macente, G S Maciel, M A R Feliciano, W R R Vicente, I Gill, P M Bartlewski, M E F Oliveira
The aim of the present study was to determine and compare ultrasonographic characteristics of accessory sex glands and spectral Doppler indices of the internal iliac arteries in peri- and post-pubertal rams raised in a subtropical climate. Forty-five Dorper rams were examined (24 rams aged 8-11 months and 21 rams aged 12-24 months). Digital images of all accessory sex glands were subjected to morphometric and echotextural analyses, the latter using commercially available image analytical software Image ProPlus(®)...
June 23, 2017: Animal Reproduction Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695680/insights-into-the-historical-assembly-of-east-asian-subtropical-evergreen-broadleaved-forests-revealed-by-the-temporal-history-of-the-tea-family
#19
Xiang-Qin Yu, Lian-Ming Gao, Douglas E Soltis, Pamela S Soltis, Jun-Bo Yang, Liang Fang, Shi-Xiong Yang, De-Zhu Li
Subtropical evergreen broadleaved forests (EBLFs) inhabit large areas of East Asia. Although paleovegetation reconstructions have revealed that the subtropical EBLFs existed in Southwest China during the Miocene, the historical construction of these forests remains poorly known. Here, we used the tea family (Theaceae), a characteristic component of the subtropical EBLFs, to gain new insights into the assembly of this important biome. Using a robust phylogenetic framework of Theaceae based on plastome and nuclear ribosomal DNA sequence data, the temporal history of the family was reconstructed...
August 2017: New Phytologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694862/primary-hepatic-marginal-zone-lymphoma-in-a-patient-with-chronic-hepatitis-c
#20
George S Gherlan, Razvan Stoia, Mihaly Enyedi, Camelia Dobrea, Petre I Calistru
Extranodal marginal zone lymphoma of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) is a low-grade malignant lymphoma that appears frequently in the stomach, but other sites can also be involved: the intestinal tract, lungs, head, neck, skin, thyroid, breasts and liver. Recently, epidemiological evidences support the idea that there is an association between hepatitis C and B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphomas (that include MALT as a subtype). Primary non-Hodgkin lymphomas confi ned only to the liver are very rare (only 0...
September 2016: Mædica
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