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Umbilical cord Mesenchymal stem cells

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324799/modified-masquelet-technique-using-allogeneic-umbilical-cord-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cells-for-infected-non-union-femoral-shaft-fracture-with-a-12-cm-bone-defect-a-case-report
#1
Ismail Hadisoebroto Dilogo, Muhammad Rizqi Adhi Primaputra, Jeanne Adiwinata Pawitan, Isabella Kurnia Liem
INTRODUCTION: Non-union due to large bone loss often causes significant long-term morbidity. We incorporate the use of allogeneic umbilical cord-derived mesenchymal stem cells (UC-MSCs) as part of the diamond concept of regenerative medicine in a case of infected non-union fracture. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We reported a 54-year-old female patient presenting with pain on the right thigh. She was previously diagnosed with a closed fracture of the right femoral shaft and underwent four surgeries before finally being referred to Dr...
March 6, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28297787/-umbilical-cord-mesenchymal-stem-cells-and-their-association-with-liver-fibrosis
#2
L Tuo, W Z Zeng, H L Xue, X L Wu
At present, the most effective therapeutic method for end-stage liver fibrosis is liver transplantation. However, the application of liver transplantation is limited by a shortage of liver donors, a high incidence rate of surgical complications, graft-versus-host disease, and high medical costs. Umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cell (UC-MSC) transplantation may become a promising method for the treatment of liver diseases. UC-MSCs are adult stem cells which exhibit multipotential differentiation and can differentiate into hepatic parenchymal cells...
January 20, 2017: Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing za Zhi, Zhonghua Ganzangbing Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294434/immunologic-regulatory-effects-of-human-umbilical-cord-blood-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cells-in-a-murine-ovalbumin-asthma-model
#3
Sung-Yoon Kang, Da-Eun Park, Woo-Jung Song, Bo-Ram Bae, Ji-Won Lee, Kyoung-Hee Sohn, Hyun-Seung Lee, Hye-Ryun Kang, Heung-Woo Park, Yoon-Seok Chang, Soo-Jin Choi, Won-Il Oh, Kyung-Up Min, Sang-Heon Cho
BACKGROUND: Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have multiple immunomodulatory properties and hold therapeutic potential for inflammatory diseases. However, the therapeutic and immunologic effects of human umbilical cord blood-derived MSCs (huMSCs) remain largely unexamined for asthma. OBJECTIVE: This study was to investigate the immunomodulatory properties of huMSCs in an ovalbumin (OVA)-induced murine asthma model. METHODS: Mice were injected intraperitoneally with OVA and an aluminum hydroxide adjuvant...
March 14, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286110/fast-transdifferentiation-of-human-wharton-s-jelly-mesenchymal-stem-cells-into-neurospheres-and-nerve-like-cells
#4
A R Bonilla-Porras, C Velez-Pardo, M Jimenez-Del-Rio
BACKGROUND: The human mesenchymal stem cells derived from Wharton's jelly tissue (hWJ-MSCs) represent a tool for cell-based therapies and regenerative medicine. hWJ-MSCs form neurospheres (NSs) within 3-7 days. No data is available to establish the neuro-phenotypic markers and time of formation of nerve-like (NLCs) and glial cells from NSs derived from hWJ-MSCs. NEW METHOD: hWJ-MSCs were incubated with Fast-N-Spheres medium for 24 and 72h. The new formed NSs were in turn incubated with forskolin in neurogenic NeuroForsk medium for 1-7days...
March 8, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279229/human-umbilical-cord-mesenchymal-stem-cells-improve-the-reserve-function-of-perimenopausal-ovary-via-a-paracrine-mechanism
#5
Jia Li, QiuXian Mao, JingJun He, HaoQing She, Zhi Zhang, ChunYan Yin
BACKGROUND: Human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (hUCMSCs) are a type of pluripotent stem cell which are isolated from the umbilical cord of newborns. hUCMSCs have great therapeutic potential. We designed this experimental study in order to investigate whether the transplantation of hUCMSCs can improve the ovarian reserve function of perimenopausal rats and delay ovarian senescence. METHOD: We selected naturally aging rats confirmed by vaginal smears as models of perimenopausal rats, divided into the control group and the treatment group, and selected young fertile female rats as normal controls...
March 9, 2017: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277906/preclinical-evaluation-of-cell-based-strategies-to-prevent-or-treat-bronchopulmonary-dysplasia-in-animal-models-a-systematic-review
#6
Flore Lesage, Julio Jimenez, Jaan Toelen, Jan Deprest
Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) remains the most common complication of extreme prematurity as no effective treatment is available to date. This calls for the exploration of new therapeutic options like cell therapy, which is already effective for various human (lung) disorders. We systematically searched the MEDLINE, Embase and Web of Science databases from the earliest date till January 2017 and included original studies on the perinatal use of cell-based therapies (i.e. cells and/or cell-derivatives) to treat BDP in animal models...
March 6, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265289/evaluating-wharton-s-jelly-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cell-s-survival-migration-and-expression-of-wound-repair-markers-under-conditions-of-ischemia-like-stress
#7
Iris Himal, Umesh Goyal, Malancha Ta
The efficacy of mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) therapy is currently limited by low retention and poor survival of transplanted cells as demonstrated by clinical studies. This is mainly due to the harsh microenvironment created by oxygen and nutrient deprivation and inflammation at the injured sites. The choice of MSC source could be critical in determining fate and cellular function of MSCs under stress. Our objective here was to investigate the influence of ischemia-like stress on Wharton's jelly MSCs (WJ-MSCs) from human umbilical cord to assess their therapeutic relevance in ischemic diseases...
2017: Stem Cells International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262732/transplantation-of-huc-mscs-seeded-collagen-scaffolds-reduces-scar-formation-and-promotes-functional-recovery-in-canines-with-chronic-spinal-cord-injury
#8
Xing Li, Jun Tan, Zhifeng Xiao, Yannan Zhao, Sufang Han, Dingyang Liu, Wen Yin, Jing Li, Juan Li, Siyi Wanggou, Bing Chen, Caiping Ren, Xingjun Jiang, Jianwu Dai
Spinal cord injury (SCI) can lead to locomotor deficits, and the repair of chronic SCI is considered one of the most challenging clinical problems. Although extensive studies have evaluated treatments for acute SCI in small animals, comparatively fewer studies have been conducted on large-animal SCI in the chronic phase, which is more clinically relevant. Here, we used a collagen-based biomaterial, named the NeuroRegen scaffold, loaded with human umbilical cord-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hUC-MSCs) in a canine chronic SCI model...
March 6, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261617/repair-of-osteochondral-defects-using-human-umbilical-cord-wharton-s-jelly-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cells-in-a-rabbit-model
#9
Shuyun Liu, Yanhui Jia, Mei Yuan, Weimin Guo, Jingxiang Huang, Bin Zhao, Jiang Peng, Wenjing Xu, Shibi Lu, Quanyi Guo
Umbilical cord Wharton's jelly-derived mesenchymal stem cell (WJMSC) is a new-found mesenchymal stem cell in recent years with multiple lineage potential. Due to its abundant resources, no damage procurement, and lower immunogenicity than other adult MSCs, WJMSC promises to be a good xenogenous cell candidate for tissue engineering. This in vivo pilot study explored the use of human umbilical cord Wharton's jelly mesenchymal stem cells (hWJMSCs) containing a tissue engineering construct xenotransplant in rabbits to repair full-thickness cartilage defects in the femoral patellar groove...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258529/human-umbilical-cord-mesenchymal-stem-cells-alleviate-inflammatory-bowel-disease-through-the-regulation-of-15-lox-1-in-macrophages
#10
Fei Mao, Yunbing Wu, Xudong Tang, Juanjuan Wang, Zhaoji Pan, Peng Zhang, Bin Zhang, Yongmin Yan, Xu Zhang, Hui Qian, Wenrong Xu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the role of human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (hucMSCs) in the treatment of dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). RESULTS: ICG-hucMSCs homed to colon tissues of IBD mice 12 h after injection. The injection of hucMSCs significantly relieved the IBD symptoms and inflammatory cell infiltration. The expression of IL-10 gene increased while those of 15-LOX-1, TNF-α, IL-6, IL-1β, and IP-10 genes decreased in colon tissues and spleens of hucMSCs-treated mice...
March 3, 2017: Biotechnology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256590/cd61-promotes-the-differentiation-of-canine-admscs-into-pgc-like-cells-through-modulation-of-tgf-%C3%AE-signaling
#11
Jia Fang, Yudong Wei, Changrong Lv, Sha Peng, Shanting Zhao, Jinlian Hua
Previous studies have shown that CD61 (integrin-β3) promotes the differentiation of human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (hUC-MSCs) into germ-like cells. However, the mechanism remains unclear. In this study, we showed that overexpression of CD61 in canine adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (cADMSCs) promotes their differentiation into primordial germ cell (PGC)-like cells. Quantitative real-time PCR, immunocytochemistry and western blot detected higher levels of PGC-specific markers in CD61-overexpressed cADMSCs compared with those in control cells...
March 3, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254289/a-combination-of-gdnf-and-hucmsc-transplantation-loaded-on-sf-ags-composite-scaffolds-for-spinal-cord-injury-repair
#12
Genlong Jiao, Guofeng Lou, Yunfei Mo, Yongqin Pan, Ziyong Zhang, Rui Guo, Zhizhong Li
Spinal cord injury (SCI) is a severe trauma for which no effective treatment is currently available. In this study, a composited treatment system was prepared using a silk fibroin/alginates/glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (SF/AGs/GDNF) scaffold seeded with human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (hUCMSCs) and the combined therapeutic effects of the composite scaffold to repair SCI rats were evaluated. The use of SF as a scaffold material could act as a biomimetic platform allowing neurons to properly accommodate and rebuild the target tissue...
May 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251956/-comparison-of-the-expression-profile-of-surface-molecular-markers-on-mesenchymal-stromal-cell-cultures-isolated-from-human-endometrium-and-umbilical-cord
#13
A Yu Lupatov, R Yu Saryglar, V D Chuprynin, S V Pavlovich, K N Yarygin
Endometrial mesenchymal stromal cells (eMSCs), along with mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) isolated from other tissues, are promising for use in regenerative medicine. The benefits of eMSCs include their presence in adults, simplicity of isolation, high proliferative and differentiation capacity. In this study, we have employed the flow cytometry technique to assess expression of 28 molecular markers on the surface of two eMSCs cultures. The culture of MSCs isolated from Wharton's jelly of the umbilical cord (uMSCs) was used as a reference, because uMSCs were studied in details earlier and demonstrated their effectiveness in vivo...
January 2017: Biomedit︠s︡inskai︠a︡ Khimii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243954/knee-cartilage-regeneration-with-umbilical-cord-mesenchymal-stem-cells-embedded-in-collagen-scaffold-using-dry-arthroscopy-technique
#14
B Sadlik, G Jaroslawski, D Gladysz, M Puszkarz, M Markowska, K Pawelec, D Boruczkowski, T Oldak
Articular cartilage injuries lead to progressive degeneration of the joint with subsequent progression to osteoarthritis, which currently becomes a serious health and economic issue. Due to limited capability for self-regeneration, cartilage repair remains a challenge for the present-day orthopedics. Currently, available therapeutic methods fail to provide satisfactory results. A search for other strategies that could regenerate a hyaline-like tissue with a durable effect and adequate mechanical properties is underway...
February 28, 2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243167/effect-of-single-and-double-administration-of-human-umbilical-cord-blood-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cells-following-focal-cerebral-ischemia-in-rats
#15
Hyung Woo Park, Yona Kim, Jong Wook Chang, Yoon Sun Yang, Wonil Oh, Jae Min Lee, Hye Ran Park, Dong Gyu Kim, Sun Ha Paek
Stem cell therapies are administered during the acute phase of stroke to preserve the penumbral tissues from ischemic injury. However, the effect of repeated cell therapy during the acute phase remains unclear. In this study, we investigated and compared the functional outcome of single (two days post-injury) and repeated (two and nine days post-injury) treatment with human umbilical cord derived mesenchymal stem cells (hUCB-MSCs) after middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO). The rotarod and limb placement tests were utilized to investigate functional outcomes, while infarct volume and tissue damage were measured by immunofluorescent staining for neovascularization, neurogenesis, apoptosis, and inflammation in the penumbral zones...
February 2017: Experimental Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229411/therapeutic-application-of-human-wharton-jelly-mesenchymal-stem-cells-in-skin-injury-of-scid
#16
Vikram Sabapathy, Balasubramanian Sundaram, Sanjay Kumar
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are blossoming as a credible source for regenerative medical applications. The use of fetal MSCs is gaining momentum for therapeutic use. The ease of isolation, enhanced characteristics, and immunomodulation properties renders the utilization of fetal MSCs for numerous clinical applications. In this article, we will demonstrate a step-by-step protocol for isolation of Wharton's jelly MSCs (WJMSCs) from the human umbilical cord matrix, preparation of human platelet lysate, fabricating amniotic membrane scaffold and mice model to study skin regeneration using a combination of MSCs and decellularized amniotic membrane scaffold...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222169/decellularized-wharton-s-jelly-from-human-umbilical-cord-as-a-novel-3d-scaffolding-material-for-tissue-engineering-applications
#17
Sushma Jadalannagari, Gabriel Converse, Christopher McFall, Eric Buse, Michael Filla, Maria T Villar, Antonio Artigues, Adam J Mellot, Jinxi Wang, Michael S Detamore, Richard A Hopkins, Omar S Aljitawi
In tissue engineering, an ideal scaffold attracts and supports cells thus providing them with the necessary mechanical support and architecture as they reconstruct new tissue in vitro and in vivo. This manuscript details a novel matrix derived from decellularized Wharton's jelly (WJ) obtained from human umbilical cord for use as a scaffold for tissue engineering application. This decellularized Wharton's jelly matrix (DWJM) contained 0.66 ± 0.12 μg/mg sulfated glycosaminoglycans (GAGs), and was abundant in hyaluronic acid, and completely devoid of cells...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217916/effects-of-allogeneic-mesenchymal-stem-cell-transplantation-in-the-treatment-of-liver-cirrhosis-caused-by-autoimmune-diseases
#18
Jun Liang, Huayong Zhang, Cheng Zhao, Dandan Wang, Xiaolei Ma, Shengnan Zhao, Shiying Wang, Lingying Niu, Lingyun Sun
AIM: There has been great interest in recent years to take advantage of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) to treat end-stage liver disease. This study is aimed to evaluate clinical therapeutic effects of allogeneic MSC transplantation in liver cirrhosis caused by autoimmune diseases. METHODS: The enrolled patients with liver cirrhosis were assigned to receive allogeneic MSC infusions through a peripheral vein. The primary objective of this study was to assess the safety and effectiveness of MSCT in patients with autoimmune diseases-induced cirrhosis...
February 20, 2017: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217409/muscle-derived-stem-cells-stimulate-muscle-myofiber-repair-and-counteract-fat-infiltration-in-a-diabetic-mouse-model-of-critical-limb-ischemia
#19
J Tsao, I Kovanecz, N Awadalla, R Gelfand, I Sinha-Hikim, R A White, N F Gonzalez-Cadavid
BACKGROUND: Critical Limb Ischemia (CLI) affects patients with Type 2 Diabetes (T2D) and obesity, with high risk of amputation and post-surgical mortality, and no effective medical treatment. Stem cell therapy, mainly with bone marrow mesenchymal, adipose derived, endothelial, hematopoietic, and umbilical cord stem cells, is promising in CLI mouse and rat models and is in clinical trials. Their general focus is on angiogenic repair, with no reports on the alleviation of necrosis, lipofibrosis, and myofiber regeneration in the ischemic muscle, or the use of Muscle Derived Stem Cells (MDSC) alone or in combination with pharmacological adjuvants, in the context of CLI in T2D...
December 2016: Journal of Stem Cell Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216298/cell-instructive-starpeg-heparin-collagen-composite-matrices
#20
Marcus Binner, Laura J Bray, Jens Friedrichs, Uwe Freudenberg, Mikhail V Tsurkan, Carsten Werner
Polymer hydrogels can be readily modulated with regard to their physical properties and functionalized to recapitulate molecular cues of the extracellular matrix (ECM). However, they remain structurally different from the hierarchical supramolecular assemblies of natural ECM. Accordingly, we herein report a set of hydrogel composite materials made from starPEG-peptide conjugates, maleimide-functionalized heparin and collagen type I that combine semisynthetic and ECM-derived components. Collagen fibrillogenesis was controlled by temperature and collagen concentration to form collagen microstructures which were then homogeneously distributed within the 3D composite matrix during hydrogel formation...
February 16, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
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